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* The humble Memorial of the Lady Lydia Loller,

That he is conscious there is nothing ingre

improper than such a complaint in good company, Sheweth,

in that they inust pity, whether they think the la• That the Lady Lydia is a woman of quality ; menter ill or not; and that the complainant must married to a private gentleman.

make a 'silly figure, whether he is pitied or got. • That she finds herself neither well nor ill.

• Your petitioner humbly prays, that he may have That her husband is a clown.

tiine to know how be does, and he will make his • That Lady Lydia cannot see company;

appearance.' • That she desires the infirmary may be her apart

** The valetudinarian was likewise easily excused; ment during her stay in the country:

and this society, being resolved not only to make it That they would please to make merry with their business to pass their time agreeably for the their equals.

present season, but also to commence such habits • That Mr. Loller might stay with them if he in themselves as may be of use in their future con. thought fit.'

duct in general, are very ready to give into a fancied " It was immediately resolved, that Lady Lydia or real incapacity to join with their measures, in was still at London.

order to have no humourist, proud man, impertinent

or sufficient fellow, break in upon their happiness. ". The humble. Memoriai of Thomas Sudden, Esz. of Great evils seldom happen to disturb company; but the Inner Temple,

indulgence in particularities humour is the seed Sheweth,

of making half our time hang in suspense, or waste That Mr. Sudden is conscious that he is too away under real discomposures. much given to argumentation.

'Among other things, it is carefully prorided, • That he talks loud.

that there may not be disagreeable familiarities, 00 • That he is apt to think all things matter of one is to appear in the public rooms undressed, or debate.

enter abruptly into each other's apartment witbout * That he stayed behind in Westminster-ball, intimation. Every one has bitherto been so careful when the late shake of the roof happened, only be in his behaviour, that there bas but one offender, in cause a counsel of the other side asserted it was ten days' time, been seut into the infirmary, and con.og down.

that was for throwing away bis cards at whist. · That he cannot for his life consent to any thing.

“ He has offered his submission in the following • That he stays in the infirmary to forget himself

. terms :• That as soon as he has forgot himself he will wait on the company.'

The humble Petition of Jeoffrey Hotspur, Esq., " His indisposition was allowed to be sufficient "Sheweth, to require a cessation from company.

* Though the petitioner sworc, stamped, and they

down his cards, he has all imaginable respect for The Memorial of Frank Jolly,

the ladies, and the whole company. • Sheweth,

• That he humbly desires it may be considered, • That he hath put himself into the infirmary, in in the case of gaming, there are many motives regard he is sensible of a certain rustic mirth which which provoke to disorder, renders him unfit for polite conversation.

• That the desire of gain, and the desire of victory * That be intends to prepare himself, by absti- are both thwarted in losing. nence and thin diet, to be one of the company.

. That all conversations in the world, bare id• That at present he comes into a room as if he dulged human infirmity in this case.

*Your petitioner therefore most humbly prays, were an express from abroad.

That he has chosen an apartment with a matted that he may be restored to the company: and he anti-chamber, to practise ‘motion without being hopes to bear ill-fortune with a good grace for the heard.

future, and to demean himself so as to be no more That he bows, talks, drinks, eats, and helps than cheerful when he wins, than grave when he himself before a glass, to learn to act with modeloses.' "-T. ration. • That by reason of his luxuriant health he is op

No. 430.] MONDAY, JULY 14, 1712. pressive to persons of composed behaviour.

• That he is endeavouring to forget the word Quære peregrinum, vicina rauca reclamat. pshaw, pshaw."

Hor. 1 Ep. xvi. * That he is also weaning himself from his cane.

The crowd replies, That when he has learnt to live without his said

Go seek a stranger to believe thy lies.-CRIBE. cane, be will wait on the company,' &c. The Memorial of John Rhubarb, Esq.,

"As you are Spectator-general, you may with at

thority censure whatever looks ill, and is offensive Shewcth,

to the sight; the worst nuisance of this kind, me. That your petitioner has retired to the infirmary, thinks, is the scandalous appearance of poor in all but that he is in perfect good health, except that he parts of this wealthy city. Such miserable objects has by long use, and for want of discourse, con affect the compassionate beholder with distal ideas, tracted a habit of complaint that he is sick. discompose the cheerfulness of his mind, and de

That he wants for nothing under the sun, but prive him of the pleasure that he might otherwise what to say, and therefore has fallen into this un-take in surveying the grandeur of our metropolis. happy malady of complaining that he is sick. Who can, without remorse, see a disabled sailor, the

That this custom of bis inakes him, by his own purveyor of our luxury, destitute of necessaries? confession, fit only for the infirmary, and therefore Who can behold an honest soldier, that bravely he has not waited for being sentenced to it. withstood the enemy, prostrate and in fapt amongst

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his friends? It were endless to mention all the va- the utmost reproach to society, that there should be riety of wretchedness, and the numberless poor that a poor man unrelieved, or a poor rogue unpunished. tot only singly, but in companies, implore your I hope you will think no part of human life out of cbarity.' Spectacles of this nature every where your consideration, but will, at your leisure, give occur; and it is unaccountable that, amongst the us the history of plenty and want, and the natural many lamentable cries that infest this town, your gradations towards them, calculated for the cities of comptroller-general should not take notice of the London and Westminster. most shocking, viz. those of the needy and afflicted.

· I am, Sir, your most humble Servant, I cannot but think he waved it merely out of good

“T. D." breeding, choosing rather to stifle his resentment “ MR. SpectaTOR, tháu uphraid his countrymen with inhumanity: however, let not charity bé sacrificed to popularity;

“I beg you would be pleased to take notice of a and if his ears were deaf to their complaints, let not very great indecency, which is extremely common, your eyes orerlook their persons. There are, I though, I think, never yet under your censure. It know, many impostors among them. Lameness and is, Sir, the strange freedom some ill-bred married blindness are certainly very often acted; but can people take in company; the unseasonable fondness those who have their sight and limbs employ them of some husbands, and the ill-timed tenderness of better than in knowing whether they are counter-some wives. They talk and act as if modesty was feited or not? I know not which of the two mis- only fit for maids and bachelors, and that too beapplies

' his senses most, he who pretends himself fore, both. I was once, Mr. Spectator, where the blind to move compassion, or he who beholds a

fault I speak of was so very flagrant, that (being, miserable object without pitying it. But in order you must know, a very bashful fellow, and several to remove such impediments, I wish, Mr. Spectator, young ladies in the room) I protest I was quite out you would give us a discourse upon beggars, that of countenance. Lucina, it seems, was breeding; we may not pass by true objects of charity, or give and she did nothing but entertain the company with to impostors. I looked out of my window the other a discourse upon the difficulty of reckoning to a day, morning'earlier than ordinary, and saw a blind beg- and said she knew those who were certain to an gar, an hour before the passage he stands in is fre-hour; then fell a laughing at a silly inexperienced quented, with a needle and a thread thriftily mending creature, who was a month above her time. Upon his stockings. My astonishment was still greater, to him; which he not caring to resolve,. Well,'

her husband's coming in, she put several questions when I beheld a lame fellow, whose legs were too big to walk, within an hour after bring him a pot of cries Lucina, "I shall have 'em all at night." ale. I will not mention the shakings, distortions, write against, I shall only entreat Mr. Spectator to

But lest I should seem guilty of the very fault I and convulsions, which many of them practise to

correct such misdemeanors. gain ar. alms : but sure I am they ought to be taken care of in this condition, either by the beadle or

For higher of the genial bed by far, the magistrate. They, it seems, relieve their posts

And with mysterious reverence, I deem. according to their talents. There is the voice of an

“I am, Sir, your humble Servant, old woman never begins to beg till vine in the even. T.

“Thomas MEANWELL." ing; and then she is destitute of lodging, turned out for wint of rent, and has the same ill fortune every night in the year. You should employ an officer to hear the distress of cach beggar that is

No. 431.] TUESDAY, JULY 15, 1712. constant at a particular placo, who is ever in the Quid dulcius hominum generi a natura datum est, quam sui same tone, and succeeds because his audience is

cuique liberi ?-TULL. continually changing, though he does not alter his What is there in nature so dear to man as his own children? lamentation. If we have nothing else for our I have lately been casting in my thoughts the fuoney, let us have more invention to be cheated several unhappinesses of life, and comparing the in. with. All which is submitted to your spectatorial felicities of old age to those of infancy. The calavigilance; and

“I am, Sir,

mities of children are due to the negligence or mis“ Your most humble Servant.”

conduct of parents; those of age, to the past life "SIR,

which led to it. I have here the bistory of a boy

and girl to their wedding-day, and think I cannot "I was last Sunday highly transported at our give the reader a livelier image of the insipid way parish church; the gentleman in the pulpit pleaded in which time uncultivated passes, than by enter. movingly in behalf of the poor children, and they taining him with their authentic epistles, expressing for themselves much more forcibly by singing á all that was remarkable in their lives, till the period hymn; and I had the happiness to be a contributor to of their life above mentioned. The sentence at the this little religious institution of innocents, and I am head of this paper, which is only a warm interrogasure I never disposed of my money more to my sa- tion, “ What is there in nature so dear as a man's tisfaction and advantage. The inward joy I find in own children to him ?” is all the reflection I shall at myself

, and the good-will I bear to mankind, make present make on those who are negligent or cruel me heartily wish these pious works may be encou- in the education of them. raged, that the present promoters may reap the delight, and posterity the benefit, of them. But whilst

“MR. SPECTATOR, we are building this beautiful edifice, let not the old "I am now entering into my one-and-twentieth mins remain in view to sully the prospect. Whilst we year, and do not know that I had one day's thorough are coltivating and improving this young hopeful off- satisfaction since I came to years of any reflection, spring, let not the ancient and helpless creatures be till the time they say others lose their liberty-the ihamefully

, neglected. The crowds of poor, or pre- day of my marriage. I am son to a gentleman of a tended poor, in every place, are a great reproach to very great estate, who resolved to keep me out of us, and eclipse the glory of all other charity. It is the vices of the age ; and, in order to ity never let

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me see any thing that he thought could give me the I was almost eaten up with the green-sickness, ber, least pleasure. At ten years old I was put to a orders being never to cross me. But this magnified grammar-school, where my master received orders but little with my father, who presently, in a kind every post to use me very severely, and have no re of pet, paying for my board, took me home with him. gard to my having a great estate. At fifteen I was I had not been long at home, but one Sunday at removed to the university, where I lived, out of my church (I shall never forget it) I saw a young father's great discretion, in scandalous poverty and neighbouring gentleman that pleased me hugely, want, till I was big enough to be married, and I I liked him of all men I erer saw in my life, and was sent for to see the lady who sends you the under- began to wish I could be as pleasing to him. The written. When we were put together, we both very next day he came, with his father, a visiting considered that we could not be worse than we were to our house: we were left alone together with di. in taking one another, and out of a desire of liberty, rections on both sides to be in love with one another; entered into wedlock. My father says I am now a and in three weeks' time we were married. I reman, and may speak to him like another gentleman. gained my former health and complexion, and an I am, Sir, your most humble Servant, now as happy as the day is long. Now, Mr. Spee., “ Richard Rentfree."

I desire you would find out some name for these

craving damsels, whether dignified or distinguished * MR. SPEC.,

under some or all of the following denominations : "I grew tall and wild at my mother's, who is a to wit, • Trash-eaters, Oatmeal-chewers, Pipe-chamgay widow, and did not care for showing me, till pers, Chalk-lickers, Was-nibblers, Coal-scranchers. about two years and a half ago; at which time my Wall-peelers, or Gravel-diggers;' and, good Sir, guardian uncle sent me to a boarding-school, with do your utmost endeavour to prevent (by exposing) orders to contradict me in nothing, for I had been this unaccountable folly, so prerailing among the misused enough already. I had not been there young ones of our sex, who may not meet with such above a month, when, being in the kitchen, I saw sudden good luck, as, some oatmeal on the dresser; I put two or three

Sir, your constant Reader, corns in my mouth, liked it, stole a handful, went

and very humble Servant, into my chamber, chewed it, and for two months

" SABINA GREEN, after never failed taking toll of every pennyworth T.

NOW SABINA RENTFREE." of oatmeal that came into the house ; but one day playing with a tobacco-pipe between my teeth, it happened to break in my mouth, and the spitting No. 432.j WEDNESDAY, JULY 16, 1712. out the pieces left such a delicious roughness on my tongue, that I could not be satisfied till I had

-Inter strepit anser olores.-Virg. Fel. ix. 36. champed up the remaining part of the pipe. I for- He gabbles like a goose amidst the swan-like quire.-DAIDEX. sook the oatmeal, and stuck to the pipes three “MR. SPECTATOR, Oxford, July 14. months, in which time I had dispensed with thirty

According to a late invitation in one of your seven foul pipes, all to the bowls: they belonged to papers to every man who pleases to write, I have an old gentleman, father to my governess. He sent you the following short dissertation against the locked up the clean ones. I left off eating of pipes, vice of being prejudiced. and fell to licking of chalk. I was soon tired of this. I then nibbled all the red wax of our last

“ Your most humble Servant." ball-tickets, and, three weeks after, the black wax “ Man is a sociable creature, and a lover of glory; from the burying tickets of the old gentleman. Two whence it is, that when several persons are united months after this I lived upon thunder-bolts, a certain in the same society, they are studious to lessen the long round bluish stone which 1 found among the reputation of others, in order to raise their own. gravel in our garden. I was wonderfully delighted The wise are content to guide the springs in silecec, with this; but thunder-bolts growing scarce, I fast- and rejoice in secret at their regular progress. To ened tooth and nail upon our garden-wall, which I prato and triumph is the part allotted to the trifling stuck to almost a twelvemonth, and had in that time and superficial. The geese were providentially orpeeled and devoured half a foot towards our neigb-dained to save the Capitol. Hence it is, that the bour's yard, I now thought myself the happiest crea invention of marks and devices to distinguish parties ture in the world; and I believe, in my conscience, I is owing to the beaux and belles of this island. had eaten quite through, had I had it in my cham- Hats, moulded into different cocks and piaches, ber; but now I became lazy and unwilling to stir, have long bid mutual defiance; patches have beer and was obliged to seek food nearer home. I then set against patches in battle array; stocks bave took a strange hankering to coals; I fell to scranch-risen or fallen in proportion to head-dresses; and ing them, and had already consumed, I am certain, peace or war been expected, as the white or the real as much as would have dressed my wedding-dinner, hood hath prevailed. These are the standard-bearers" when my uncle came for me home. He was in the in our contending armies, the dwarfs and squires parlour with my governess, when I was called down. who carry the impresses of the giants or knights, I went in, fell on my knees, for he made me call not born to fight themselves, but to prepare the way him father; and when I expected the blessing I for the ensuing combat. asked, the good gentleman, in a surprise, turns him- “ It is a matter of wonder to reflect how far men* self to my governess, and asks whether this (point- of weak understanding, and strong fancy, are hurried ing to me) was his daughter ?.. This,' added he, 'is by their prejudices, even to the believing that the the very picture of death. My child was a plump-whole body of the adverse party aro a band of vil faced, bale, fresh-coloured girl; but this looks as if lains and demons. Foreigners complain that the she were balf-starved, a mere skeleton. My gover- English are the proudest nation under heaven.. ness, who is really a good woman, assured my father Perhaps they too have their share; but be thas as I had wanted for nothing; and withal told him I it will, general charges against bodies of men is to wu continually eating some trash or other, and that fault I am writing against It must be owned, to

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** MR. SPECTATOR, our shame, that our common people, and most who have not travelled, have an irrational contempt for I find you are a general undertaker, and have the language, dress, customs, and even the sbape by your correspondents or sell, an insight into and minds of orber pations. Some meu, otherwise most things; which makes me apply myself to you of sense, nave wondered that a great genius should at present, in the sorest calamity that ever befel man., spring out of Lreland; and think you mad in affinin. My wife has taken something ill of me, and has not ing that fine odes have been written in Lapland. spoke one word good or bad, to me, or any body in

"This spirit of rivalship, which heretofore reigned the family, since Friday was seven-night. What in the two universities, is extinct, and almost over must a man do in that case ? Your advice would be betwixt college and college. In parishes and schools, a great obligation to, Sir, your most humble Servant the thirst of glory still obtains. At the seasons of

« Ralph THINBLETON.” football and cock-fighting, these little republics re- “ MR. SPECTATOR,

July 15, 1712. assume their national hatred to each other. My “ When vou want a trifle to fill up a paper, tenaut in the country is verily persuaded, that the in inserting this you will lay an obligation on youparish of the enemy hath not one honest man in it. humble Servant,

“ Olivia.” "I always bated satires against woman, and

" DEAR OLIVIA, satires against man: I am apt to suspect a stranger who laughs at the religion of the faculty; my of knowing to whom I am obliged for the present I

“ It is but this moment I have had the happiness splecu rises at a dull rogue, who is severe upon mayors and aldermen; and was never better pleased received the second of April. I am heartily sorry than with a piece of justice executed upon the body it did not come to hand the day before; for

' I canof a Templar, who was very arch upon parsons.

not but think it very hard upon people to lose their * The nece-sities of mankind require various em- jest, that offer at one but once a year. I congraplosnients; and whoever excels in his province is tulate myself however upon the earnest given me Warihy of praise. All men are not educated after of something further intended in my favour; for I the same manner, nor have all the same talents. an told, that the man who is thought worthy by a Those who are deficient deserve our compassion, lady to make a foul of, stands fair enough in her

Tili and bare a title to our assistance. All cannot be opinion to become one day her husband. bred in the same place; but in all places there arise, such time as I have the honour of being sworn, I af different times, such persons as do honour to their take leave to subscribe myself, dear Olivia, your

fool elect, society, which may raise envy in little souls, but are admired and cherished by generous spirits.

T.

"NICODEMUNCIO." **It is certainly a great happiness to be educated in societies of great and eminent men. Their in- No. 433.] THURSDAY, JULY 17, 1712. structions and examples are of extraordinary ad

Perlege Mæonio cantatas carmine ranas, vantage. It is highly proper to instil such a rever

Et frontem nugis solvere disce meis. ence of the governing persons, and concern for the

Mart. Epig, xiv. 183. honour of the place, as may spur the growing mem

To banish anxious thought, and quiet pain, bers to worthy pursuits and honest emulation ; but

Read Homer's frogs, or my more trifling strain. to swell young minds with vain thoughts of the The moral world, as consisting of males and fea dignity of their own brotherhood, by debasing and males, is of a mixed nature, and filled with several vilifying all others, doth them a real injury. By customs, fashions, and ceremonies, which would have this means I have found that their efforts have be- no place in it were there but one ses. Had our specome languid, and their prattle irksome, as think. cies no females in it, men would be quite different ing it sufficient praise that they are children of so creatures from what they are at present; their en. illustrious and ample a family.' I should think it a deavours to please the opposite sex polishes and resurer as well as more generous method, to set be. fines them out of those manners which are most fure the eyes of youth such persons as have made natural to them, and often sets them upon modelling a poble progress in fraternities less talked of; which themselves, not according to the plans wbich they seems tacitly to reproach their sloth, who loll so approve in their own opinions, but according to heavily in the seats of mighty improvement. Ac- those plans which they think are most agreeable to tive spirits hereby would enlarge their notions; the female world. In a word, man would not only whereas

, by a servile imitation of one, or perhaps be an unhappy, but a rude unfinished creature, were two admired men, in their own body, they can only he conversant with none but those of his own make. gain a secondary and derivative kind of fame. Women, on the other side, are apt to form themThese copiers of men, like those of authors or selves in every thing with regard to that other half painters, run into affectations of some oddness, of reasonable creatures with whom they are blended which perbaps was not disagreeable in the original, and confused; their thoughts are ever turned upon but sita ungracefully on the narrow-souled tran- appearing amiable to the other sex; they talk, and

move, and smile, with a design upon us; every fea. “ By such early corrections of vanity, while boys ture of their faces, every part of their dress, is filled are growing into men, they will gradually learn not with snares and allurements. There would be no la fensure superficially; but imbibe those principles such animals as prudes or coquettes in the world, of general kindness and humanity, which alone can were there not such an animal as man. In short

, make them casy to themselves, and beloved by others. it is the male that gives charms to womankind,

Reflections of this nature have expunged all that produces an air in their faces, a grace in their preindices out of my heart; insomuch, that though motions, a softness in their voices, and a delicaey in I an a firm Protestant, I hope to see the pope and their complexions. cardinals without violent emotions; and though I As this mutual regard between the two sexes átu Daturally grave, I expect to meet good company tends to the improvement of each of them, we may at Paris.

observe that men are apt to degenerate into rough "I am, Sir, your obedient Servant." and brutal natures, who live as if there were no such SPECIATOR-Sos. 63 & 64

2.K.

a

scriber,

things as women in the world; as, on the contrary, short extract out of the history of the male com women who have an indifference or aversion for monwealth, I shall look into the history of the neightheir counterparts in human nature, are generally bouring state, which consisted of females; and, if I sour and unamiable, sluttish and censorious. find any thing in it, will not fail to communicate it

I am led into this train of thoughts by a little to the public.-C. manuscript which is lately fallen into my hands, and which I shall communicate to the reader, as I have done some other curious pieces of the same

No. 434.] FRIDAY, JULY 19, 1712. nature, without troubling him with any inquiries Quales Threiciæ, cum flumina Thermodontis about the author of it. It contains a summary ac

Pulsant, et pictis bellantur Amazoues artis;

Seu circum Hippolyten, seu cum se Martia curtu count of two different states which bordered upon

Penthesilea refert; magnoque ululante tumultu, one another. The one was a commonwealth of Fæmineu exultant lunatis agmina peluis. Amazons, or women without men; the other was a

VIBG. An xi. 159 republic of males, that had not a woman in their So march'd the Thracian Amazons of old whole community. As these two states bordered

When Thermedon with bloody billows rollid;

Such troops as these in shining arms were seen. upon one another, it was their way, it seems to meet

When Theseus met in fight their maiden queen. upon their frontiers at a certain season of the year, Such to the field Penthesilea led, where those among the men who had not made their From the fierce virgin when the Grecians fled. choice in any former meeting associated themselves

With such return'd triumphant from the war.

Her maids with cries attend the lofty car. with particular women, whom they were afterward They clash with manly force their moony shields: obliged to look upon as their wives in every one of With female shouts resound the Phrygian fields. - Derpes these yearly rencounters. The children that sprung Having carefully perused the manuscript I meu. from this alliance, if males, were sent to their re- tioned in my yesterday's paper, so far as it relates pective fathers ; if females, continued with their to the republic of women, I find in it several partimothers. By means of this anniversary carnival, culars which may very well deserve the reader's which lasted about a week, the commonwealths attention. were recruited from time to time, and supplied with The girls of quality, from six to twelve years old, their respective subjects.

were put to public schools, where they learned to These two states were engaged together in a per- box and play at cudgels, with several other acconpetual league, offensive and defensive; so that if plishments of the same nature; so that nothing any foreign potentate offered to attack either of was more usual than to see a little miss returning

, them, both the sexes fell upon him at once, and home at night with a broken pate, or two or three quickly brought him to reason. It was remarkable teeth knocked out of her head. They were afterthat for many ages this agreement continued in- ward taught to ride the great horse, to shoot, dart

, violable between the two states, notwithstanding, as or sling, and listed into several companies, in order was said before, they were husbands and wives; to perfect themselves in military exercises. No ** but this will not appear so wonderful, if we consider man was to be married till she had killed her man. that they did not live together above a week in a The ladies of fashion used to play with young

liors year.

instead of lap-dogs: and when they made any par. In the account which my author gives of the male ties of diversion, instead of entertaining themselves republic, there were several customs very remark- at ombre or piquet, they would wrestle and pitch able. The men never shaved their beards, or pared the bar for a whole afternoon together. There was their nails, above once in a twelvemonth, which was never any such thing as a blush seen, or a sight probably about the time of the great annual meet- heard, in the commonwealth. The women never ing upon their frontiers. I find the name of a mi-dressed but to look terrible; to which end they nister of state in one part of their history, who was would sometimes, after a battle, paint their checks fined for appearing too frequently in clean linen; with the blood of their enemies. For this reason, and of a certain great general, who was turned out likewise, the face which had the most scars was of his post for effeminacy, it having been proved looked upon as the most beautiful. If they found upon him by several credible witnesses that he lace, jewels, ribands, or any ornaments in silver or washed his face every morning. If any member of gold, among the booty which they had taken, thes the commonwealth had a soft voice, a smooth face, used to dress their horses with it, but never enteror a supple behaviour, he was banished into the tained a thought of wearing it themselves

. There commonwealth of females, where he was treated as

were particular rights and privileges allowed to any a slave, dressed in petticoats, and set a spinning. member of the commonwealth who was a mother of They had no titles of honour among them, but such three daughters. The senate was made up of vid as denoted some bodily strength or perfection, as such a one " the tall," such a one the stocky,” to be a counsellor of state that was not past child.

women ; for by the laws of the country, none was such a one " the gruff.” Their public debates were bearing. They used to boast that their republic generally managed with kicks and cuffs, insomuch had continued four thousand years, which is alto that they often came from the council-table with gether improbable

, unless we may suppose, what broken shins, black eyes, and bloody noses. When am very apt to think, that they measured their ome they would reproach a man in the most bitter terms, by lunar years. they would tell him his teeth were white, or that he There was a great revolution brought about in had a fair skin and a soft hand. The greatest man this female republic by means of a neighbouring meet with in their history was one who could list five king, who had made wår upon them sereral years hundred weight, and wore such a prodigious pair with various success

, and at length overthrex the in of whiskers as had never been

seen in the common in a very grcat battle. This defeat they a-cribe to wealth before his time. These accomplishments it several causes : some say that the secretary of står seems had rendered him so popular, that if he had having been troubled with the vapours

, had het not died very seasonably, it is thought he might Initted some fatal mistakes in several dispatches havo enslaved the republis. Having made this l about that tine. Others pretend that the first

a

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