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to me for above twenty years together. When betlemen were sent from court to study mathematica was but fifty years old, he desired only that he at the university. might live to see his son settled in the world. I “ I need not acquaint you, that I was very well granted it. He then begged the same favour for made, and reckoned a bright polite gentleman. I his daughter, and afterward that he might see the was the confidant and darling of all the fair; and if education of a grandson. When all this was brought the old and ugly spoke ill of me, all the world knew about, he puts up a petition, that he might live to it was because I scorned to Hatter them. No ball, finish a house he was building. In short, he is an no assembly, was attended until I had been conunreasonable old cur, and never wants an excuse; sulted. Flavia coloured her hair before me, Celia I will hear no more of him.' Upon which he flung showed me her teeth, Panthea heaved ber bosom, down the trap-door in a passion, and was resolved Cleora brandished her diamond; I have seen Chloe'a to give no more audiences that day.”

foot, and tied artificially the garters of Rhodope. Notwithstanding the levity of this fable, the moral * It is a general maxim, that those who doat upon of it very well deserves our attention, and is the themselves can have no violent affection for ansame with that which has been inculcated by Socrates other : but, on the contrary, I found that the women's and Plato, not to mention Juvenal and Persius, who passion rose for me in proportion to the love they have each of them made the finest satire in their bore to themselves. This was verified in my amour whole works upon this subject. The vanity of men's with Narcissa, who was so constant to me, that it wishes, which are the natural prayers of the mind, was pleasantly said, had I been little enough, sbe as well as many of those secret devotions which they would have hung me at her girdle. The most danoffer to the Supreme Being, are sufficiently exposed gerous rival I had was a gay empty fellow, who by by it. Among other reasons for set forms of prayer, the strength of a long intercourse with Narcissa, I have often thought it a very good one, that by this joined to his natural endowments, had formed bimmeans the folly and extravagance of men's desires self into a perfect resemblance with her. I had been may be kept within due bounds, and not break out discarded, had she not observed that he frequently in absurd and ridiculous petitions on so great and asked my opinion about matters of the last consesolemn an occasion.-I

quence. This made me still more consideravle in

l'hough I was eternally caressed by the ladies, No. 392.) FRIDAY, MAY 30, 1712.

such was their opinion of my honour, that I was

never envied by the men. A jealous lover of NarPer ambages et ministeria deorum

cissa one day thought he had caught ber in an Præcipitandus est liber spiritus.-PETROS.

amorous conversation : for, though he was at such a By fable's aid ungovern'd fancy soars,

distance that he could hear nothing, he imagined And claims the ministry of heavenly powers.

strange things from her airs and gestures. SomeThe Transformation of Fidelio into a Looking-glass. times with a serene look she stepped back in a lis“MR. SPECTATOR,

tening posture, and brightened into an innocent

smile. Quickly after she swelled into an air of ma"I was lately at a tea-table, where some young jesty and disdain, then kept her eyes half shut after ladies entertained the company with a relation of a a languishing manper, then covered her blushes with coquette in the neighbourhood, who had been dis- her hand, breathed a sigh, and seemed ready to sink covered practising before her glass. To turn the dis- down. In rushed the furious lover : but how great course, which from being witty grew to be malicious, was his surprise to see no one tbere but the innothe matron of the family took occasion from the cent Fideliu, with his back against the wall betwixt subject to wish that there were to be found amongst two windows ! men such faithful monitors to dress the mind by, as " It were endless to recount all my adventures. we consult to adorn the body. She added that, if Let me hasten to that which cost me my life, and a sincere friend were miraculously changed into a Narcissa her happiness. looking-glass, she should not be ashamed to ask its * She had the misfortune to have the small-pos, advice very often. This whimsical thought worked upon which I was expressly forbid her sigbt, it being co much upon my fancy the whole evening, that it apprehended that it would increase her distemper, produced a very odd dream.

and that I should infallibly catch it at the first look. “Methought that, as I stood before my glass, the As soon as she was suffered to leave her bed, she image of a youth of an open ingenuous aspect ap- stole out of her chamber, and found me all alone in ppared in it, who with a shrill voice spoke in the an adjoining apartment. She ran with transport to following manner :

her darling, and without mixture of fear lest I should “ The looking-glass you see was heretcfore a man, dislike ber. But oh me! what was her fury when even I the unfortunate Fidelio. I had two brothers, she heard me say, I was afraid and shocked at so whose deformity in shape was inade up by the clear- loathsome a spectacle ! She stepped back, swollen nicoss of their understandings. It must be owneil, with rayc, to see if I had the insolence to repeat it however, that (as it generally happens) they had I did, with this addition, that her ill-timed passion each a perverseness of humour suitable to their dis had increased her ugliness. Enraged, inflamed, dis. tortion of body. The eldest, whose belly sunk in tracted, she snatched a bodkin, and with all her monstrously, was a great coward; and though his force stabbed me to the beart. Dying. I preserved splenetic contracted temper made him take fire im- my sincerity, and expressed the truth, though in mediately, he made objects that beset him appear broken words; and by reproachful grimaces to the greater than they were. The second, whose breast last I mimicked the deformity of my murderess. swelled into a bold relievo, on the contrary, took Cupid, who always attends the fair, and pitied great pleasure in lessening everything, and was the fate of so useful á favourite as I was, obtained perfectly the reverse of his brother. These odd. of the destinies, that my body should remain incore Desses pleased company once or twice, but disgusted ruptible, and retain the qualities my mind had puso when often seen; for which reason, the young gen. sessed. I immediately lost the figure of man, and

became smooth, polished, and bright, and to this Than in fair evening cloud, or humid bow.
day am the first favourite with the ladies."-T.

When God had shower'd the earth; so lovely seemed
That landscape: and of pure now purer air
Meets his approach, and to the heart inspires

Vernal delight, and joy able to drive
No. 393.] SATURDAY, MAY 31, 1712.

All sadness, but despair, &c
Nescio qua præter solitum dulcedine læti.

Many authors bave written on the vanity of the ,

Viro. Georg. i. 412. creature, and represented the barrenness of every Unasual sweetness porer joys inspires,

thing in this world, and its incapacity of producing Looking over the letters that have been sent me, of this nature are very useful to the sensual and vo

any solid or substantial happiness. As discourses I chanced to find the following one, which I received luptuous, those speculations which show the bright about two years ago from an ingenious friend who side of things, and lay forth those innocent enterwas then in Denmark :

tainments which are to be met with among the se. · "DEAR SIR, Copenhagen, May 1, 1710. veral objects that encompass us, are no less bene" The spring with you has already taken posses

ficial to men of dark and melancholy tempers. It siou of the fields and woods. Now is the season of was for this reason that I endeavoured to recommend solitude, and of moving complaints upon trivial a cheerfulness of mind in my two last Saturday's sufferings. Now the griefs of lovers begiu to flow, papers, and which I would still inculcate, not only and their wounds to bleed afresh. I, too, at this froin the consideration of ourselves, and of that distance from the softer climates, am not without my Being on whom we depend, nor from the general discontents at present. You perhaps may laugh at survey of that universe in which we are placed at me for a most romantic wretch, when I have dis present, but from reflections on the particular season closed to you the occasion of my uneasiness; and in which this paper is written. The creation is a yet I cannot help thinking my unhappiness real, in perpetual feast to the mind of a good man: every being confined to a region which is the very reverse

thing he sees cheers and delights him. Providence of Paradise. The seasons here are all of them unhas imprinted so many smiles on nature, that it is pleasant, and the country quite destitute of rural impossible for a mind which is not sunk iu more charms. I have not heard a bird sing, nor a brook gross and sensual delights, to take a survey of them mariat, nor a breeze whisper, neither have I been without several secret sensations of pleasure. The blest with the sight of a flowery incadow, these two Psalmist has, in several of his divine poems, celeyears. Every wind here is a tempest, and every make the heart glad, and produce in it that vernal

brated those beautiful and agreeable scenes which water a turbulent ocean. I hope, when you reflect a little, you will not think the grounds of my com

delight which I have before taken notice of, plaiut in the least frivolous and unbecoming a man

Natural philosophy quickens this taste of the of serious thought; since the love of woods, of fields creation, and renders it not only pleasing to the imaand flowers, of rivers and fountains, seems to be a

gination, but to the understanding. It does not rest passion implanted in our natures the most early of in the murmur of brooks and the melody of birds, any, even before the fair sex had a being.

in the shade of groves and woods, or in the embroi. “I am, Sir,” &c.

dery of fields and meadows; but considers the seve

ral ends of Providence which are served by them, Could I transport myself with a wish from one and the wonders of divine wisdom which appear in country to another, I should choose to pass my win-them. It heightens the pleasures of the eye, and ter in Spain, my spring in Italy, my summer in raises such a rational admiration in the soul, as is England, and my autumn in France. Of all these little inferior to devotion. seasons there is none that can vie with the spring It is not in the power of every one to offer up this for beauty and delightfulness. It bears the same kind of worship to the great Author of nature, and figure among the seasons of the year, that the morn- to indulge these more refined meditations of heart, ing does among the divisions of the day, or youth which are doubtless highly acceptable in his sight; among the stages of life. The English summer is I shall therefore conclude this short essay on that pleasanter than that of any other country in Europe, pleasure which the mind vaturally conceives from on no other account but because it has a greater ihe present season of the year, by the recommending mixture of spring in it. The mildness of our cli- of a practice for which everyone has sufficient mafe, with those frequent refreshineots of dews and abilities. rains that fall among us, keep upa perpetual choer- I would have my readers endeavour to moralize fulness in our fields, and fill the hottest months of this natural pleasure of the soul, and to improve the year with a lively verdure.

this vernal delight, as Milton calls it, into a ChrisIn the opening of the spring, when all nature be- tian virtue. When we find ourselves inspired with gins to recover herself

, the same animal pleasure this pleasing instinct, this secret satisfaction and shich makes the birds sing, and the whole brute complacency, arising from the beauties of the creacreation rejoice, rises very sensibly in the heart of tion, let us consider to whom we stand indebted for mati. I know none of the poets who bave observed all these entertainments of sense, and who it is that #0 well as Milton these secret overflowings of glad thus opens his hand, and fills the world with good. Iless which diffuse themselves through the wind of The Apostle instructs us to take advantage of our the beholder, upon surveying the gay scenes of na- present temper of mind, to graft upon it such a retare: he has touched upon it twice or thrice in his ligious exercise as is particularly conformable to it, Paradise Lost, and deseribes it very beautifully by that precept which advises those who are sad to under the name of " vernal deligbt,” in that passage pray, and those who are merry to sing psalms. The where he represents the devil himself as almost sen- cheerfulness of heart which springs up iu us from sible of it:

the survey of nature's works, is an admirable preBluss is apd fruits at once of golden hue

paration for gratitude. The mind has gone a great Apead, with gay enameli'd colours mixt:

way towards praise and thanksgiving, that is filled Où which the sun more glad impressid his beams with such a secret gladness-a grateful reflection on

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ine Supreme Cause who produces it, sanctifies it in prove and smile at all he says in the gross. It is the soul, and gives it its proper value. Such an good comedy enough to observe a superior talking habitual disposition of mind consecrates every field half sentences, and playing a humble admirer's and wood, turns an ordinary walk into a morning or countenance from one thing to another, with such evening sacrifice, and will improve those transient perplexity, that he knows not wbat to speer in apgleams of joy which naturally brighten up and re- probation of. But this kind of complaisance is pe fresh the soul on such occasions, into an inviolableculiarly the manner of courts; in all other plaers ·and perpetual state of bliss and happiness.

you must constantly go further in compliance willa I.

the persons you have to do with, than a mere con

formity of looks and gestures. If you are in a No. 394.] MONDAY, JUNE 2, 1712.

country life, and would be a leading man, a grund

stomach, a loud voice, and a rustic cheerfulness, will Bene colligitur hæc pueris et mulierculis et servis et servorum go a great way, provided you are able to drink, and

simillimis liberis esse grata: gravi vero homini et ea, quæ drink any thing. But I was just now going to draw

fiunt, judicio certo ponderanti, probari posse nullo modo.- the manner of behaviour I would advise people lo It is obvious to see, that these things are very acceptable to practise under some maxim; and intimated, that children, young women, and servants, and to such as most every one almost was governed by his pride. There resemble servants; but they can by no means meet with the was an old fellow about forty years ago so peevish approbation of people of thought and consideration.

and fretful, though a man of business, that no one I have been considering the little and frivolous could come at him: but he frequented a particular things which give men access to one another, and little coffee-house, where he triumphed over every power with each other, not only in the common and body at trick-track and backgammon. The way i indifferent accidents of life, but also in matters of pass his office well, was first to be insulted by him greater importance. You see in elections for mem- at one of those games in his leisure hours; for bis Ters of parliament, how far saluting rows of old vanity was to show that he was a man of pleasure as women, drinking with clowns, and being upon a level well as business. Next to this sort of insinuation, with the lowest part of mankind, in that wherein which is called in all places (from its taking its birth they themselves are lowest, their diversions, will in the households of princes) making one's court, carry a candidate. A capacity for prostituting a the most prevailing way is, by what better-bred man's self in his behaviour, and descending to the people call a present, the vulgar a bribe. I humbly present humour of the vulgar, is perhaps as good an conceive that such a thing is conveyed with more ingredient as any other for inaking a considerable gallantry in a billet-doux that should be understood figure in the world; and if a man has nothing else at the Bauk, than in gross money, but as to stet. or better to think of, he could not make his way born people, who are so surly as to aceept of peither to wealth and distinction by properer methods, note nor cash, having formerly dabbled in chemistry, than studying the particular bent or inclination of I can only say, that one part of matter asks one thing, people with whom he converses, and working from and another another, to nake it fluent ; but there is the observation of such their bias in all matters nothing but may be dissolved by a proper mean. Tils, wherein he has any intercourse with them: for his the virtue which is too obdurate for gold or paper, shall ease and comfort he may assure himself, he need not melt away very kindly in a liquid. The island of be at the expense of any great talent or virtue to Barbadoes (a shrewd people) manage all their ap. please even those who are possessed of the highest peals to Great Britain by a skilful distrbution of qualifications. Pride, in some particular disguise citron water* among the whisperers about men in or other (often a secret to the proud man himself), power. Generous wines do every day prevail

, and is the most ordinary spring of action among men that in great points, where ten thousand times their You need no more than to discover what a man value would have been rejected with indignation. values himself for: then of all things admire that

But, to wave the enumeration of the sundry ways, quality, but be sure to be failing in it yourself in of applying by presents, bribes, management of comparison of the man whom you court. I have people's passions and affections, in such a manner heard or read of a secretary of state in Spain, who as it shall appear that the virtue of the best man is served a prince who was happy in an elegant use by one method or other corruptible, let us look out of the Latin tongue, and often writ dispatches in it for some expedient to turn those passions and affecwith his own hand. The king showed his secretary tions on the side of truth and honour. When a man a letter he had written to a foreign prince, and under bas laid it down for a position, that parting with his the colour of asking his advice, laid a trap for his integrity, in the minutest circumstance, is losing applause. The honest man read it as a faithful so much of his very self, self-love will become a counsellor, and not only excepted against his tying virtue. By this means, good and evil will be the himseli down too much by some expressions, but only objects of dislike and approbation ; and he mended the phrase in others. You may guess the that injures any man, has effectually wounded the dispatches that evening did not take much longer man of this turn as much as if the harm had been time. Mr. Secretary, as soon as he came to his own to himself. This seems to be the only expedient to house, sent for his eldest son, and communicated to arrive at an impartiality: and a man who follows him that the family must retir: out of Spain as soon the dictates of truth and right reason, may by artias possible ; " for,” said he, “the king knows I fice be led into error, but never can into guilt

. understand Latin better than he does."

T. This egregious fault in a man of the world, should be a lesson to all who would make their fortunes :

No. 395.] TUESDAY, JUNE 3, 1712. but a regard must be carefully had to the person with whom you have to do ; for it is not to be doubted

Quod nunc ratio est, impetus ante fuit.-Ovid. Rem Amor. 10 but a great man of common sense must look with

"Tis reason now, 'twas appetite before secret indignation, or bridled laughter, on all the • BEWARE of the ides of March," said the Roman slaves who stand round bim with ready faces to ap

Then commonly called Barbadoos water.

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augur to Julius Cæsar: “ Beware of the month of Honeycomb has often assured me that it is easier to May,” says the British Spectator to his fair country-steal one of this species, when she is passed her

The caution of the first was unhappily ne grand climacteric, than to carry off an icy girl on glected, and Cæsar's confidence cost him his life. I this side tivc-and-twenty; and that a rake of his acam apt to datter myself that my pretty readers had quaintance, who had in vain endeavoured to gain much more regard to the arivice I gave them, since the affections of a young lacy of fiiteen, had at last I have yet received very few accounts of any notu- made his fortune by running away with ber grandrious trips made in the last month.

mother. But, though I hope for the best, I shall not pro- But as I do not design this speculation for the nounce too positively on this point, till I have seen cvergreens of the sex, I shall again apply myself to forty weeks well over ; at which period of time, as those who would willingly listen to the dictates of my good friend Sir Roger bas often told me, he has reason and virtue, and can now hear me in cold more business as a justice of peace, among the dis- blood. If there are any who have forfeited their insolute young people in the country, than at any nocence, they must now consider themselves under other season of the year,

that melancholy view in which Chamont regards bis Neither must I forget a letter which I received sister, in those beautiful lines: near a fortnight since from a lady, who, it seems,

-Long she flourishid, could hold out no longer, telling me she looked upon

Grew sweet to sense, and lovely to the eye,

Till at the last a cruel spoiler canie. the month as then out, for that she had all along Cropt this fair rose, mm. rifled all its sweetness, reckoned by the new style.

Then cast it like a loathsome weed away. On the other hand, I have great reason to believe, On the contrary she who has observed the timely from several angry letters which have been sent to cautions I gave her, and lived up to the rules of me by disappointed lovers, that my advice has been modesty, will now flourish like “a rose in June," of very signal service to the fair sex, who, according with all her virgin blushes and sweetness about her. to the old proverb, were “forewarned, forearmcal.”

I must, however, desire these last to consider, how One of these gentlemen tells me, that he would shameful it would be for a general, who has made have given me a hundred pounds, rather than 1 a successful campaign, to be surprised in his wintershould have published that paper; for that his mis-quarters. It would be no less dishonourable for a tress, who had promised to explain herself to him lady to lose, in any other month of the year, what about the beginning of May, upon reading that dis- she has been at the pains to preserve in May. course told him, that she wouid give hinn ber answer There is no charm in the female sex that can in June.

supply the place of virtue. Without innocence, Thyrsis acquaints me, that when he desired Sylvia beauty is unlovely, and quality contemptible ; goodto take a walk in the fields, she told him, the Spec- breeding degenerates into wantonness, and wit into tator had forbidden her.

impudence. It is observed, that all tbe virtues are Another of my correspondents, who writes himself represented by both painters and statuaries under Mat Meager, complains that, whereas he constantly female shapes; but if any one of them has a more used to breakfast with his mistress upon chocolate, particular title to that sex, it is modesty. I shall going to wait upon her the first of May, he found leave it to the divines to guard them against the ophis usual treat very much changed for the worse, posite vice, as they may be overpowered by tempta. and bas been forced to feed ever since upon green tea. tions. It is sufficient for me to have warned then

As I begun this critical season with a caveat to against it, as they may be led astray by instinet. the ladies, I shall conclude it with a congratulation, I desire this paper may be read wih more than and do most heartily wish them joy of their happy ordinary attention, at all tea-tables within the cities deliverance.

of London and Westminster.-X. They may now reflect with pleasure on the dan. gers they bare escaped, and look back with as much Stisfaction on the perils that threatened them, as No. 396.) WEDNESDAY, JUNE 4, 1712. ther great-grabilmothers did formerly on the burn. Barbara, Celarent, Darii, Ferio, Baralipton. ing ploughshares, after having passed through the ordeal trial. The instigations of the spring are now

Having a great deal of business upon my hands abated. The nightingale gives over her “ love at present, I shall beg the reader's leuve to present labour's song," as Milton phrases it; the blossoms him with a letter that I received about half a year se fallen, and the beds of flowers swept away by the ago from a gentleman at Cambridge, who styles

himself Peter de Quir. I have kept it by me some seythe of the mower.

I shall now allow my fair readers to return to months; and though I did not know at tirst what to their romances and chocolate, provided they make make of it, upon my reading it over very frequently use of them with moderation, till about the middle I have at last discovered several conceits in it: I of the month, when the sun shall have made some he does not take them at the first perusal.

would not therefore have my reader discouraged if progress in the Crab. Nothing is more dangerous than too much confidence and security. The Tro

“ To Mr. SPECTATOR. jans, whe stood upon their guard all the while the “ From St. John's College, Cambridge, Feb. 3, 1712. (irecians lay before their city, when they fancied the siege was raised, and the danger past, were the been an immemorial privilege of the Johnians ;

“ The monopoly of puns in this university has very best night burnt in their beds. I rust also and we cannot help resenting the late invasion of observe, that as in some climates there is a por our ancient right as to that particular, by a little petual spring, so in some female constitutions there pretender to clenching in a neighbouring college, is a perpetual May. These are a kind of valetudi- who in application to you by way of letter, a while Dariaus in chastity, whom I would continue in a constant diet. I cannot think these wholly out of ago, styled himself Philobrune. Dear Sir, as you danger, till they have looked upon the other sex at

are by character a profest well-wisher to speculation, least five years through a pair of spectacles. Will

* The students of St. Joho's College.

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you will excuse a remark which this gentleman's content with the employment of refining upon passion for the brunette has suggested to a brother Shakspeare's points and quibbles (for which be theorist : it is an offer towards a mechanical account must be allowed to possess a superlative genias), of nis lapse to punning, for he belongs to a set of and now and then penning a catch or a ditty, inmortals who value themselves upon an uncommon stead of inditing odes and sonnets, the gentlemen mystery in the more humane and polite parts of of the bon goût in the pit would never have been put letters.

to all that grimace in damning the frippery of state, A conquest hy one of this species of females the poverty and languor of thought, the unnatural gives a very odd turn to the intellectuals of the cap-wit, and inartificial structure of his dramas. tivated person, and very different from that way of

“I am, Sir, thinking which a triumph from the eyes of another, more emphatically of the fair sex, does generally

“ Your very humble Servant, occasion. It fills the imagination with an assem

" PETER DE QUIE." blage of such ideas and pictures as are hardly any thing but shade, such as night, the devil, &c. These

No. 397.1 THURSDAY, JUNE 5, 1712. portraitures very near overpower the light of the understanding, almost benight the faculties, and give

Dolor ipse disertam
Fecerat

OviD, Metam. xiii. 228. that melancholy tincture to the most sanguine com

Her grief inspired her then with eloquence. plexion, which this gentleman calls an inclination to be in a brown-study, and is usually attended with As the Stoic philosophers discard all passions in worse consequences, in case of a repulse. During general, they will not allow a wise man so much as this twilight of intellects, the patient is extremely lo pity the afflictions of another,

“ If thou seest apt, as love is the most witty passion in nature, to thy friend in trouble,” says Epictetus, "thou mayest ofrer at some pert sallies now and then, by way of put on a look of sorrow, and condole with him, but flourish, upon the amiable enchantress, and unfor- take care that thy sorrow be not real.” The more tunately stumbles upon that mongrel miscreated (to rigid of this sect would not comply so far as to speak in Miltovic) kind of wit, vulgarly termed the show even such outward appearance of grief; but, pun. It would not be much amiss to consult Dr. when one told them of any calamity that had be

T- W-(who is certaiuly a very able pro- fallen even the nearest of their acquaintance, jector, and whose system of divinity and spiriiual would immediately reply, “ What is that to me?" mechanics obtains very much among the betier part | If you aggravated the circumstances of the afilie. of our under graduates) whether a general intermar- tion, and showed how one misfortune was followed riage, enjoined by parliament, between this sister- by another, the answer was still, “ All this may be hood of the olive-beauties and the fraternity of the true, but what is it to me?" people called Quakers, would not be a very ser- For my own part, I am of opinion compassion viccable expedient, and abate that overflow of light does not only refine and civilize human nature, but which shines within them so powerfully, that it has something in it more pleasing and agreeable dazzles their eyes, and dances them into a thousand than what can be met with in such an indolent bapvagarics of error and enthusiasm. These reflections piness, such an indifference to mankind, as that in may impart some light towards a discovery of the which the Stoics placed their wisdom. As love is origin of puuning among us, and the foundation of the most delightful passion, pity is nothing else but its prevailing so long in this famous body. It is no- love softened by a degree of sorrow. In short, it is lorious, from the instance under consideration, that a kind of pleasing anguish, as well as generous it must be owing chiefly to the use of brown jugs, sympathy, that knits mankind together, and blends muddy belch, and the fumes of a certain memorable them in the same common lot. place of rendezvous with us at meals, kuown by the

Those who have laid down rules for rhetoric or name of Staincoat Hole : for the atmosphere of the poetry advise the writer to work himself up, if poskitchen, like the tail of a comet, predominates least sible, to the pitch of sorrow which he endeavours to about the fire, but resides behind, and fills the fra- produce in others. There are none therefore who grant receptacle above mentioned. Besides, it is stir up pity so much as those who indite their own further observable, that the delicate spirits among sufferings. Grief has a natural eloquence belonging us, who declare against these nauseous proceedings, to it, and breaks out in more moving sentiments sip tea, and put up for critic and amour, profess than can be supplied by the finest imagination. likewise an equal abhorrence for punning, the an- Nature on this occasion dictates a thousand passivacient innocent diversion of this society. After all, ate things which cannot be supplied by art. Sir, though it may appear something absurd that I It is for this reason that the short speeches or seem to approach you with the air of an advocate sentences which we often meet with in histories for punning (you who have justified your censures make a deeper impression on the mind of the reader of the practice in a set dissertation upon that sub-than the most laboured strokes in a well-wrillen ject*) yet I am confident you will think it abun- tragedy. Truth and matter of fact sets the person dantly atoned for by observing, that this humbler actually before us in the one, whom fiction places exercise may be as instrumental in diverting us from at a greater distance from us in the other. "I do any innovating schemes and hypotheses in wit, as not remember to have seen any ancient or modern dwelling upon honest orthodox logic would be in story more affecting than a letter of Ann of Bousecuring us from heresy in religion. Had Mr. logne, wife to King Henry the Eighth, and mother W--n'st researches been confined within the to Queen Elizabeth, which is still extant in the Coi. bounds of Ramus or Crackenthorp, that learned ton library, as written by her own hand. newsmonger might have acquiesced in wbat the holy Shakspeare himself could not have made her talk oracles pronounced upon the deluge, like other in a strain so suitable to ber condition and character Christians; and had the surprising Mr. L-y been one sees in it the expostulations of a siighted lover,

the resentments of an injured woman, and the sur. See Spect. No. 61

1 Mr. Whiston. rows of an imprisoned queen. I need not aryuarat

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