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That all was lost.
transient flushings of guilt and joy, which the poet greater incidents, however, are not only set off by represents in our first parents upon eating the for being shown in the same light with several of the bidden fruit, to those faggings of spirit, damps of same nature in Homer, but by that means may bu sorrow, and mutual accusations which succeed it, are also guarded against the cavils of the tasteless or conceived with a wonderful imagination, and de- ignorant.-L. scribed in very natural sentiments.
When Dido, in the fourth Æneid, yielded to that fatal temptation which ruined her, Virgil tells us No. 352.1 MONDAY, APRIL 14, 1712. the earth trembled, the heavens were filled with
Si ad honestatem nati sumus, ea aut sola expetenda flashes of lightning, and the nymphs howled upon est, aut certe omni pondere gravior est habenda quam rethe mountain tops. Milton, in the same poetical
liqua omnia.-TULL spirit, has described all nature as disturbed upon If we be made for honesty, either it is solely to be sought, or Eve's eating the forbidden fruit :
certainly to be estimated much more highly than all other
things. So saying, her rash hand in evil hour, Forth reaching to the fruit, she pluck'd, she ate:
Will HONEYCOMB was complaining to me yesEarth felt the round, and Nature, from her seat terday that the conversation of the town is so altered Sighing, through all her works gave signs of woe of late years, that a fine gentleman is at a loss for
matter to start a discourse, as well as unable to fall Upon Adam's falling into the same guilt, the iu with the talk he generally meets with. Will whole creation appears a second time in convulsions: takes notice, that there is now an evil under the
sun which he supposes to be entirely new, because -He scrupled not to eat Against his better knowledge; not deceivid,
not mentioned by any satirist, or moralist, in any But fondly overcome with female charm.
age. “Men," said he, “grow knaves sooner than Earth trembled from her entrails, as again
they ever did since the creation of the world before." In pangs, and nature gave a second groan;
If you read the tragedies of the last age, you find Sky low'r'd, and, muttering thunder, some sad drops Wept at completing of the mortal sin.
the artful men, and persons of intrigue, are ad.
vanced very far in years, and beyond the pleasures As all nature suffered by the guilt of our first and sallies of youtlı ; but now Will observes, that parents, these symptoms of trouble and consterna- the young have taken in the vices of the aged, and tion are wonderfully imagined, not only as prodi- you shall have a man of five-and-twenty, crafty, gies, but as marks of her sympathizing in the fall false, and intriguing, not ashamed to over-reach, of man.
cozen, and beguile. My friend adds, that will about Adam's converse with Eve, after having eaten of the latter end of King Charles's reign there was not the forbidden fruit, is an exact copy of that between a rascal of any eminence under forty. In the places Jupiter and Juno in the fourteenth Iliad. Juno of resort for conversation, you now hear nothing but there approaches Jupiter with the girdle which she what relates to the improving men's fortunes, witbhad received from Venus; upon which he tells her, out regard to the methods towards it. This is so that she appeared more charming and desirable than fashionable, that young incu form themselves upon she had ever done before, even when their loves a certain neglect of every thing that is candid, were at the highest. The poet afterward describes simple, and worthy of true ésteem; and affect being them as reposing on a summit of Mount Ida, which yet worse than they are, by acknowledging, in their produced under them a bed of flowers, the lotus, general turn of mind and discourse, that they have ihe crocus, and the hyacinth : and concludes his de- not any remaining value for true honour and ho. scription with their falling asleep.
nesty; preferring the capacity of being artful to Let the reader compare this with the following gain their ends, to the merit of despising those ends passage in Milton, which begins with Adam's speech when they come in competition with their honesty. to Eve :
All this is due to the very silly pride that generally For never did thy beauty since the day
prevails, of being valued for the ability of carrying I saw thee first and wedded thec, adoru'd
their point; in a word, from the opinion that shallow With all perfections, so inflame my sense With ardour to enjoy thee, fairer now
and unexperienced people entertain of the short. Than ever, bounty of this virtuous tree.
lived force of cunning. But I shall, before I enter So said he, and forbore not glance or toy
upon the various faces which folly, covered with ar. Of amorous intent, well understood Of Eve, whose eye darted contagious fire.
tifice, puts on to impose upon the unthinking, proHer hand he seized, and to a shady bank,
duce a great authority for asserting, that nothing Thick overhead with verdant roof embower'd, but truth and ingenuity* has any lasting good effect, He led her, nothing loath : flowers were the couch, even upon a man's fortune and interest. Pansies, and violets, and asphodel, And hyacinth, Earth's freshest softest lap.
“ Truth and reality have all the advantages of There they their fill of love and love's disport appearance, and many more. If the show of
any Took largely, of their mutual guilt the seal,
thing be gooi for any thing, I am sure sincerity is The solace of their sin, till dewy sleep
better; for why does any man dissemble, or seem Oppress'd them.
to be that which he is not, but because he thinks it As no poet seems ever to have studied Homer good to have such a quality as he pretends to ? for more, or to have more resembled him in the great to counterfeit and dissemble is to put on the appear. ness of genius,'than Milton, I think I should have ance of some real excellency. Now the best way given but a very imperfect account of his beauties, in the world for a nian to seem to be any thing, if I had not observed the most remarkable passages is really to be what he would seem to be. Bewhich look like parallels in these two great authors. sides, that it is many times as troublesome to make I might, in the course of these criticisms, have taken good the pretence of a good quality, as to have it ; notice of many particular lines and expressions and if a man have it not, it is ten to one but he is which are translated from the Greek poet ; but as I discovered to want it, and then all his pains and thought this would bave appeared too minute and erer-curious, I have purposely omitted them. The • Ingenuity seems to be here used for ingenuousness.
In tenui labor
labour tó seem to have it is lost. There is some present advantage, nor forbear to seize upon it, thing unnatural in painting, which a skilful eye will though by ways never so indirect; they cannot see easily discern from native beauty and complexion. so far as to the remote consequences of a steady in.
* It is hard to personate and act a part long; for tegrity, and the vast benefit and advantages which where truth is not at the bottom, nature will always it will bring a man at last. Were but this sort of be endeavouring to return, and will peep out and men wise and clear-sighted enough to discern this, betray berself one time or other. Therefore if any they would be honest out of very knavery, not out man think it convenient to seem good, let him be so of any love to honesty and virtue, but with a crafty indeed, and then his goodness will appear to every design to promote and advance more effectually body's satisfaction; so that upon all accounts sin- their own interests; and therefore the justice of the cerity is true wisdom. Particularly as to the affairs Divine Providence has hid this truest point of wisof this world, integrity has many advantages over dom from their eyes, that bad men might not be on all the fine and artificial ways of dissimulation and equal terms with the just and upright, and serve deceit; it is much the plainer and easier, much the their own wicked designs by honest and lanfet safer and more secure way of dealing in the world : | means. it has less of trouble and difficulty, of entanglement “ Indeed, if a man were only to deal in the world and perplexity, of danger and hazard in it; it is the for a day, and should never have occasion to conshortest and nearest way to our end, carrying us verse more with mankind, never more need them thither in a straight line, and will hold out and last opinion or good word, it were then no great inatter longest. The arts of deceit and cunning do con- (speaking as to the concernments of this world) if tinually grow weaker and less effectual and service-a man spent his reputation all at once, and ventured able to them that use them; whereas integrity gains it at one throw: but if he be to continue in the strength by use, and the more and longer any man world, and would have the advantage of conversapractiseth it, the greater service it does him, by con- tion whilst he is in it, let him make use of truth and firming his reputation, and encouraging those with sincerity in all his words and actions; for nothing whom he hath to do to repose the greatest trust and but this will last and hold out to the end : all other confidence in him, which is an unspeakable advan- arts will fail, but truth and integrity will carry a tage in the business and affairs of life.
man through, and bear him out to the last."-T, “ Truth is always consistent with itself, and needs nothing to help it out; it is always near at hand, and sits upon our lips, and is ready to drop out be
No. 353.) TUESDAY, APRIL 15, 1712. fore we are aware; whereas a lie is troublesome, and sets a man's invention upon the rack, and one
VIRG. Georg. iv. & trick needs a great many more to make it good. It
Though low the subject, it deserves our pains. is like building upon
false foundation, which con- The gentleman who obliges the world in general, stantly stands in need of props to shore it up, and and me in particular, with his thoughts upon eur proves at last more chargeable than to have raised a cation, has just sent me the following letter :substantial building at first upon a true and solid
“ Sir, foundation; for sincerity is firm and substantial, and there is nothing hollow and unsound in it, and, “I take the liberty to send you a fourth letter because it is plain and open, fears no discovery; of upon the education of youth. In my last I gave which the crafty man is always in danger; and you my thoughts upon some particular tasks, which when he thinks he walks in the dark, all his pre- i conceived it might not be amiss to mix with their tences are so transparent, that he that runs may usual exercises, in order to give them an early read them; he is the last man that finds himself to seasoning of virtue : I shall in this propose some he found out; and whilst he takes it for granted others, which I fancy might contribute to give thera that he makes fools of others, he renders himself a right turn for the world, and enable them to make ridiculous.
their way in it. “ Add to all this, that sincerity is the most com- “ The design of learning is, as I take it, either pendious wisdom, and an excellent instrument for to render a man an agreeable companion to himsell, the speedy dispatch of business ; it creates confi- and teach him to support solitude with pleasure; dence in those we have to deal with, saves the labour or, if he is not born to an estate, to supply that de. of many inquiries, and brings things to an issue in fect, and furnish him with the means of acquiring few words. It is like travelling in a plain beaten one. A person who applies himself to learuing road, which commonly brings a man sooner to his with the first of these views, may be said to study journey's end than by-ways, in which men often lose) for ornament; as he who proposes to bimself the themselves. In a word, whatsoever convenience second, properly studies for use. The one does it may be thought to be in falsehood and dissimulation, to raise himself a fortune; the other, to set off that it is soon over; but the inconvenience of it is per- which he is already possessed of. But as far the petual, because it brings a man under an everlast-greater part of mankind are included in the latter jug jealousy and suspicion, so that he is not be class, I shall only propose some methods at present lieved when he speaks truth, nor trusted when for the service of such who expect to advance tberas perhaps he means honestly. When a man has once selves by their learning. In order to which I shall forfeited the reputation of his integrity, he is set premise, that many more estates have been acquired fast; and nothing will then serve his turn, neither by little accomplishments than by extraordinary truth nor falsehood.
ones ; those qualities which make the greatest figure “ And I have often thought, that God hath, in in the eye of the world, not being always the most his great wisdom, bid from men of false and dis useful in themselves, or the most advantageous to honest minds the wonderful advantages of truth and their
owners. integrity to the prosperity even of our worldly “ The posts which require men of shining and affairs : these men are so blinded by their covetous- uncommon parts to discharge them are so very few Dess and ambition, that they cannot look beyond al that many a great genius goes out of the world wide
out eser baving had an opportunity to exert itself; bitherto chiefly insisted upon these things for such whereas persons of ordinary endowments meet with boys as do not appear to have any thing extraordioccasions fitted to their parts and capacities every nary in their natural talents, and consequently are day in the common occurrences of life.
not qualified for the finer parts of learning; yet I I am acquainted with two persons who were believe I might carry this matter still further, and formerly school-fellows,* and have been good friends venture to assert, that a lad of genius has soinetimes ever since. One of them was not only thought an occasion for these little acquirements, to be as it impenetrable blockhead at school, but still main- were the forerunners of his parts, and to introduce tained bis reputation at the university; the other him into the world. was the pride of his master, and the most celebrated “ History is full of examples of persons who, person in the college of which he was a member. though they have had the largest abilities, hare The map of genius is at present buried in a country been obliged to insinuate themselves into the favour parsonage of eightscore pounds a-year; while the of great men by these trivial accomplishments; as other, with the bare abilities of a common scrivener, the complete .gentleman, in some of our modern has got an estate of above a hundred thousand comedies, makes his first advances to his mistress pounds.
under the disguise of a painter or a dancing-master. * I fancy, from what I have said, it will almost “ The difference is, that in a lad of genius these appear a doubtful case to many a wealthy citizen, are only so many accomplishments, which in an. whether or no he ought to wish his son should be a other are essentials; the one diverts himself with great genius : but this I am sure of, that nothing is them, the other works at them. In short, I look more absurd than to give a lad the education of one, upon a great genius with these little additions, in whom nature has not favoured with any particular the same light as I regard the Grand Seignior, who marks of distinction.
is obliged, by an express command in the Alcoran, " The fault therefore of our grammar-schools is, to learn and practise some handicraft irade : though that every boy is pushed on to works of genius; I need not to have gone for my instavce further whereas it would be far more advantageous for the than Germany, where several emperors have volun. greatest part of them to be taught such little prac- tarily done the same thing. Leopold the last tical arts and sciences as do not require any great worked in wood : and I have heard there are several share of parts to be master of them, and yet may handicraft works of bis making to be seen at Vi. corne often into play during the course of a mau's life. enna, so neatly turned, that the best joiner in
"Such are all the parts of practical geometry. Europe might safely own them without any disgrace I have known a man contract a friendship with a to his profession. minister of state upon cutting a dial in his window: “ I would not be thought, by any thing I have and remember a clergyman who got one of the best said, to be against improving a boy's genius to the benefices in the west of England, by setting a utmost pitch it can be carried. What I would en. eountry gentleman's affairs in some method, and deavour to show in this essay is, that there may be giving him an exact survey of his estate.
methods taken to make learning advantageous even " While I am upon this subject, I cannot forbear to the meanest capacities. mentioning a particular which is of use in every
“ I am, Sir, yours," &c. station of life, and which, methinks, every master should teach his scholars; I mean the writing of English letters. To this end, instead of perplexing No. 354.] WEDNESDAY, APRIL 16, 1712. them with Latin epistles, themes, and verses, there
-Cam magnis virtutibus affers might be a punciual correspondence established Grande supercilium between two boys, who might act in any imaginary Their signal virtues hardly can be borne, parts of business, or be allowed sometimes to give Dash'd as they are with supercilious scori a range to their own fancies, and communicate to “ MR. SPECTATOR, each other whatever trifles they thought fit, provided neither of them ever failed at the appointed time to
“ You have in some of your discourses described answer his correspondent's letter.
most sort of women in their distinct and proper “I believe I 'may venture to affirm, that the classes, as the ape, the coquette, and many others; generality of boys would find themselves more ad-but I think you have never yet said any thing of a Fantaged by this custom, when they come to be devotee. A devotee is one of those who disparage men, than by all the Greek and Latin their masters religion by their indiscreet and unseasonable introcan teach them in seven or eight years.
duction of the mention of virtue on all occasions, " The waxt of it is very visible in many learned she is; and betrays the labour she is put to, to be
She professes she is what nobody ought to doubt persons, who, while they are admiring the styles of Demosthenes or Cicero, want phrases to
what she ought to be with cheerfulness and alacrity. themselves on the most common occasions. I have She lives in the world, and denies herself none of seen a letter from one of these Latin orators which the diversions of it, with a constant declaration how would have been deservedly laughed at by a com- herself but at church; there she displays her virtue,
insipid all things in it are to her. She is never “ Under this head of writing, I cannot omit ac. and
is so fervent in her devotions, that I have frecounts and short-hand, which are learned with little quently seen her pray herself out of breath. While pains, and very properly come into the number of other young ladies in the house are dancing, or such arts as I have been here recommending.
playing at questions and commands, she reads aloud " You must doubtless, Sir, observe, that i have in her closet. She says, all love is ridiculous, ex
cept it be celestial; but she speaks of the passion of Swift and Mr. Stratford, a merchant
Juv, Sat. vi, 168
one mortal to another with too much bitterness for a plam, and is now lending the government 40,000!. yet we
one that had no jealousy mixed with her contempt were educated together at the same school and university." Exift, Works, vol mail. y. 10. cr. 8vo.-Stratford was alter. * The instance of Czar Peter is still more recent, and more
Stratford is worth
wards a bankrupl.
of it. If at any time she sees a man warm in his who are acquainted with these objects, ridicule hiş addresses to his mistress, she will lift up her eyes to rusticity. I have known a fellow with a burden on heaven, and ery, "What nonsense is that fool talk- his head steal a hand down from his load, and slily iug! Will the bell never ring for prayers? We twirl the cock of a squire's hat behind him: while have an eminent lady of this stamp in our country, the offended person is swearing, or out of counte. who pretends to amusements very much above the pance, all the way-wits in the highway are grinding rest of her sex. She never carries a white shock-in applause of the ingenious rogue that gave him dog with bells under her arm, nor a squirrel or dor- the tip, and the folly of him who had not eyes all mouse in her pocket, but always an abridged piece round his head to prevent receiving it. These of morality, to steal out when she is sure of being things arise from a general affectation of smartness, observed. When she went to the famous ass-race wit, and courage. Wycherley somewhere rallies (which I must confess was but an odd diversion to the pretensions this way, by making a fellow say, be encouraged by people of rank and figure), it was
Red breeches are a certain sign of valour;' and not, like other ladies, to hear those poor animals Otway makes a man, to boast his agility, trip up a bray, nor to see fellows run naked, or to hear coun. beggar on crutches. . From such hints I beg a spetry 'squires in bob.wigs and white girdles make love culation on this subject: in the mean time I shall at the side of a coach, and cry, Madam, this is do all in the power of a weak old fellow in my own dainty weather.' Thus she describes the diversion; defence; for as Diogenes, being in quest of an for she went only to pray heartily that nobody might honest man, sought for him when it was broad be hurt in the crowd, and to see if the poor fellow's day-light with a lantern and candle, so I intend face, which was distorted with grinning, might any for the future to walk the streets with a dark way be brought to itself again. She never chats lantern, which has & convex crystal in it; and if over her tea, but covers her face, and is supposed any man stares at me, I give fair warning that I in an ejaculation before she tastes a sup. This will direct the light full into his eyes. Thus, deostentatious behaviour is such an offence to true spairing to find men modest, I hope by this means sanctity, that it disparages it, and makes virtue not to evade their impudence. only unamiable, but also ridiculous. The sacred
“ I am, Sir, your humble Servant, writings are full of reflections which abhor this kind
“ SOPHROSCNIUS." of conduct; and a devotee is so far from promoting goodness, that she deters others by her example. Folly and vanity in one of these ladies is like vice No 355.) THURSDAY, APRIL 17, 1712. in a clergyman: it does not only debase him, but Non ego mordaci distrinxi carmine quenquarn. makes the inconsiderate part of the world think the
Ovid. Trist. ii. 502 worse of religion.
I ne'er in gall dipp'd my envenom'd pen,
Nor branded the bold front of shameless men. “ I am, Sir, your humble Servant,
I have been very often tempted to write inyec“Mr. SPECTATOR,
tives upon those who have detracted from my works,
or spoken in derogation of my person ; but I look " Xenophon, in his short account of the Spartan upon as a particular happiness, that I have always commonwealth, speaking of the behaviour of their hindered my resentments from proceeding to this young men in the streets, says, “There was so much extremity. I once had gone through half a satire, modesty in their looks, that you might as soon have but found so many motions of humanity rising in turned the eyes of a marble statue upon you as me towards the persons whom I had severely treated, theirs; and that in all their behaviour they were that I threw it into the fire without ever finishing it. more modest than a bride when put to bed upou her I have been angry enough to make several little wedding-night.' This virtue, which is always sub-epigrams and lampoons; and, after having admired joined to magnanimity, had such an influence upon them a day or two, have likewise committed them their courage, that in battle an enemy could not to the flames. These I look upon as so many salook them in the face, and they durst not but die crifices to humanity, and have received much greater for their country:
satisfaction from the suppressing such performances, “ Whenever I walk into the streets of London than I could have done from any reputation they and Westminster, the countenances of all the young might have procured me, or from any niortification fellows that pass by me make me wish myself in they might bave given my enemies, in case I had Sparta : I meet with such blustering airs, big looks, made them public. If a man has any talent in and bold fronts, that, to a superficial observer, would writing, it shows a good miud to forbear answering bespeak a courage above those Grecians. I am calumnies and reproaches in the same spirit of bitarrived to that perfection in speculation, that I un- terness in which they are offered. But when a man derstand the language of the eyes, which would be has been at some pains ia making suitable returns a great misfortune to me had I not corrected the to an enemy, and has the instruments of revenge in testiness of old age by philosophy. There is scarce his hands, to let drop his wrath, and stile his rea man in a 'red coat, who does not tell me, with a sentments, seems to have something in it great and full stare, he is a bold man: I see several swear in heroical. There is a particular merit in such a way wardly at me, without any offence of mine, but the of forgiving an enemy; and the more violent and oddness of my person: I meet contempt in every unprovoked the offence has been, the greater still is street, expressed in different manners by the scorn the merit of him who thus forgives it. ful look, the elevated eyebrow, and the swelling I never met with a consideration that is more nostrils of the proud and prosperous. The 'prentice finely spun, and what has better pleased me, than speaks his disrespect by an extended finger, and the one in Epictetus, which places an enemy in a new porter by stealing out his tongue. If a country light, and gives us a view of him altogether different gentleman appears a little curious in observing the from that in which we are used to regard him. The edifices, signs, clocks, coaches, and dials, it is not sense of it is as follows: "Does a nian reproach to be imagined how the polite rabble of this town, I thce for being proud or ill-natured, en vious or cor
ceited, ignorant or detracting? Consider with thy-veller, who was so pestered with the noise of grass. self whether his reproaches are truc. If they arc hoppers in his ears, that he alighted from his horse not, consider that thou art not the person whom he in great wrath to kill them all. “This,” says the reproaches, but that be reviles an imaginary being, author, " was troubling himself to no manner of and perhaps loves what thou really art, though he purpose. Had he pursued bis journey without taking hates what thou appearest to be. If his reproaches botice of them, the troublesome insects would have are true, if thou art the envious, ill-natured man he died of themselves in a very few weeks, and he takes thee for, give thyself another turn, become would have suffered aothing from them,"-L. mld, affable, and obliging, and his reproaches of thee naturally cease. His reproaches may indeed continue, but thou art no longer the person whoin No. 356.1 FRIDAY, APRIL 18, 1712. he reproaches."*
-Aptissima quæque dabunt dii. I often apply this rule to myself; and when I Charior est illis homo quam sibi. Juv. Sat. x. 349. hear of a satirical speech or writing that is aimed
The gods will grant at me, I examine my own heart, whether I deserve What their unerring wisdom sees they want : it or not. If I bring in a verdict against myself, I
In goodness, as in greatnese. they excel;
Ab! that we lov'd ourselves but hall as well! endeavour to rectify my conduct for the future in those particulars which have drawn the censure upon me; but if the whole in rective be grounded upon a
It is owing to pride, and a secret affectation of a falsehood, I trouble myself no further about it, and certain self-existence, that the noblest motive for look upon my name at the head of it to signify no action that ever was proposed to man is not ac, more than one of those fictitious names made use of knowledged the glory and happiness of their being. by an author to introduce an imaginary character. The heart is treacherous to itself
, and we do not let Why should a man be sensible of the sting of a re
our reflections go deep enough to receive religion as proach, who is a stranger to the guilt that is implied the most honourable incentive to good and worthy in it? or subject himself to the penalty, when he actions. It is our natural weakness to Aatter ourkrows he has never committed the crime? This is selves into a belief, that if we search into our inmost a piece of fortitude which every one owes to his own and divested of any views arising from self-love and
thoughts, we find ourselves wholly disinterested, inpocence, and without which it is impossible for a tan of any merit or figure to live at peace with him- vain-glory. But however spirits of a superficial self, in a country that abounds with wit and liberty.
greatness may disdain at first sight to do any thing, The famous Monsiear Balzac, in a letter to the but from a noble impulse in themselves, without any Chancellor of France, who had prevented the publi. stricter inquiry they will find,' to act worthily, and
future regards in this or any other being; upon cation of a book gainst him, has the following words, which are a lively picture of the greatness expect to be rewarded only in another world,' is as of mind so visible in the works of that author : “ If heroic a pitch of virtue as human nature can arrive it was a new thing, it may be I should not be disat. If the tenour of our actions have any other mopleased with the suppression of the first libel that tive than the desire to be pleasing in the eye of the should abuse me; but since there are enough of Deity, it will necessarily follow that we must be them to make a small library, I am secretly pleased
more than men, if we are not too much exalted in to see the number increased, and take delight in prosperity and depressed in adversity. But the raising a heap of stones that envy has cast at me Christian world has a Leader, the contemplation of without doing me any harm.”
whose life and sufferings must administer comfort in The author here alludes to those monumentst of affliction, while the sense of his power and omni. the eastern nations, which were mountains of stones potence must give them humiliation in prosperity. raised upon the dead bodies by travellers, that used
It is owing to the forbidding and unlovely conto cast every one his stone apon it as they passed straint with which men of low conceptions act when by. It is certain that no monument is so glorious they think they conform themselves to religion, as as one which is thus raised by the hands of envy. that the word Christian does not carry with it at,
well as to the more odious corduct of hypocrites, For my part, I admire an author for such a temper first view all that is great, worthy, friendly, geneof miod as enables him to bear an undeserved reproach without resentment, more than for all the rous, and heroic. The man who suspends his hopes wit of any the finest satirical reply.
of the reward of worthy actions till after death, who Thus far I thought necessary io explain myself can bestow unseen, who can overlook hatred, do in relation to those who have animadverted on this good to his slanderer, who can never be angry at his paper, and to show the reasons why I have not formed for the benefit of society. Yet these are so
friend, never revengeful to his enemy, is certainly thrucht fit to return them any formal answer. I utusi further add, that the work would have been of far from heroic virtues, that they are but the ordivery little use to the public had it been filled with nary duties of a Christian. personal reflections and debates; for which reason
When a man with a steady farth looks back on never once turned out of my way to observe those the great catastrophe of this day, with what bleedlatile cevils which have been made against it by ing emotions of heart must he contemplate the life
or ignorance. The common fry of scribblers, and sufferings of his Deliverer! When his agonics who have no other way of being taken notice of bui occur to him, how will he wcep to reflect that he by attacking what has gained sine reputation in hias often forgot them for the glance of a wauton, for the world, would have furnished ine with business the applause of a vain world, for a heap of fleeting cough, had they found me disposed to cuter the past pleasures, which are at presetat aching sorrows !
How pleasing is the contemplation of the lowly I shall conclude with the fable of Boccalini's tra- steps our Almighty Leader took in conducting us to
bis heaveniy mansions !. In plain and apt parable, Epict Ench eap. 48 and 64, ed. Berk. 1670. 8vo. * There are abundant monunients of the same kind in North
similitude, and allegory, our great Master enforced Ba an, where they are called “ cairus."
. This paper was published on Good Friday, 1712
lists with them.