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“ TO THE SPECTATOR.

each of them keep within the respective quarter we have allotted to them. Provided, nevertheless, that

nothing herein contained shall in any wise be con“ Finding that our earnest endcavonrs for the strued to extend to the hunters, who have our full good of mankind have been basely and maliciously licence and permission to enter into any part of the represented to the world, we send you enclosed our town wherever their game shall lead them. imperial manifesto, which it is our will and pleasure

" And whereas we have nothing more at our imthat you forthwith communicate to the public, by perial heart than the reformation of the cities of inserting it in your next daily paper.. We do not London and Westminster, which to our unspeakable doubt of your ready compliance in this particular, satisfaction we have in sonie measure already eterud, and therefore bid you heartily farewell.

we do hereby earnestly pray and exort all husbands (Signed)

fathers, housekeepers, and masters of families, in * Taw Waw Eben Zan KALADAR,

either of the aforesaid cities, not only to repair Emperor of the Mohocks.”

themselves to their respective babitations at early

and seasonable hours, but also to keep their wives « The Manifesto of Taw Waw Eben Zan Kaludar, aud daughters, sons, servants

, and apprentices, from Emperor of the Muhocks."

appearing in the streets at those times and seasons “ Whereas we bave received information, from which may expose them to military discipline, as sundry quarters of this great and populous city, of it is practised by our good subjects the Mohorks; several outrages comunitted on the legs, arms, noses, and we do further promise on our imperial word, and other parts of the good people of England, by that as soon as the reforination aforesaid shall be such as have styled themselves our subjects ; in brought about, we will forthwith cause all hostilities order to vindicate our imperial dignity from those to cease. false aspersions which have been cast on it, as if we “Given from our court at the Devil-tavern, ourselves might have encouraged or abetted any X.

“ March 15, 1712." such practices, we have, by these presents, thought fit to signify our utmost abhorrence and detestation of all such tumultuous and irregular proceedings ; No. 318.] WEDNESDAY, APRIL 9, 1712. and do hereby further give notice, that if any person Invidiam placare paras, virtute relicta ?- Hor. 2 Sal. iii 13. or persons has or have suffered any wound, hurt, da

To shun detraction, would'st thou virtue fly? mage, or detriment, in his or their limbor limbs, otherwise than shall be hereafter specified, the said per

“ MR. SPECTATOR, SOD. or persons, upon applying themselves to-such as “I HAVE not seen you lately at any of the places we shall appoint for the inspection and redress of where I visit, so that I am afraid you are wholly the grievances aforesaid, shall be forthwith committed unacquainted with what passes among my part of to the care of our principal surgeon, and be cured at the world, who are, though I say it, without controour own expense, in some one or other of those hos- versy, the most accomplished and best bred of the pitals which we are now erecting for that purpose. town. Give me leave to tell you, that I am ex.

“ And to the end that no one may, either through tremely discomposed when I hear scandal, and am ignorance or inadvertency, incur those penalties an utter enemy to all manner of detraction, and which we have thought fit to inflict an persons of think it the greatest meanness that people of disloose and dissolute lives, we do hereby notify to the tinction can be guilty of. However, it is hardly public, that if any man be knocked down or as possible to come into company where you do not saulted while he is employed in his lawful business, tind them pulling one another to pieces, and that at proper hours, that it is not done by our order; from no other provocation but that of hearing any and we do hereby permit and allow any such person, one commended. Merit, both as to wit and beaats, so knocked down or assaulted, to rise again, and de- is become no other than the possession of a few fend himself in the best manner that he is able. trilling people's favour, which you cannot possible

• We do also command all and every our good arrive at, if you have really any thing in you that subjects, that they do not presume, upon any pre. is deserving. What they would bring to pass is, to text whatsoever, to issue and sally forth from their make all good and evil consist in report, and with respective quarters till between the hours of eleven whispers, calumnies, and impertinencies, to have and twelve. That they never tip the Lion upon man, the conduct of those reports. By this means, inno woman, or child, till the clock at St. Dunstan's shall ceuts are blas'ed upon their first appearance in have struck one.

town; and there is nothing more required to make “ That the sweat be never given but between the a young woman the object of envy and hatred, thaa hours of one and two; always provided, that our to deserve love and admiratiou. This abominable hunters may begin to hunt a little after the close of endeavour to suppress or lesseu every thing that is the evening, any thing to the contrary herein voto praiseworthy is as frequent among the men as the withstanding. Provided also, that if ever they are women, If I can remember what passed at a sisit reduced to the necessity of pinking, it shall always last night, it will serve as an instance that the sexes be in the most tieshy parts, and such as are least are equally inclined to defamation, with equal maexposed to view.

lice and impotence. Jack Triplett came into my * It is also our imperial will and pleasure, that Lady Airy's about eight of the clock. You know our good subjects the sweaters do establish their the manner we sit at a visit, and I need not describe hummuns in such close places, alleys, books, and the circle; but Mr. Triplett came in, introduced by corners, that the patient or patients may not be in two tapers supported by a spruce servant, whose bair danger of catching cold.

is under a cap till my lady's candles are all lighted “ That the tumblers, to whose care we chiefly up, and the hour of ceremony begias; I say Jack 'commit the female sex, confine themselves to Drury- Triplett came in, and sing ng (for he is really good ane, and the puilieus of the Temple; and that company) • Every feature, charming creature' every other party and division of our subjects do l be went on,' It is a most unreasonable thing, that

a

-Quos ille timorum

Mortis

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people can not go peaceably to see their friends, but

No. 319.) THURSDAY, APRIL 10, 1712. these murderers are let loose. Such a shape! such an air! wbat a glance was that as her chariot passed

Maximus haud urget, lethi metns : inde ruendi by mine!'-My lady herself interrupted him; #Pray, hu ferrum meus propa viris, animæque capaces who is this fine thing! - I warrant,' says another, • 'tis the creature I was telling your ladyship of just Thrice happy they beueath their northern skies,

Who that liorst fear, the fear of death, despise! now.' -'You were telling of ?says Jack; I wish

Hence they no cares for this frail bemy feel, I had been so happy as to have come in and heard

But rush undaunted on the pointed steel, you; for I have not words to say what she is; but Provoke approaching fate, and bravely soorn if an agreeable height, a modest air, a virgin shame, To spare that life which must so soon return.-ROWE. and impatience of being beheld amidst a blaze of

I am very much pleased with a consolatory letter ten thousand charms' - The whole room flew of Phalaris * to one who had lost a son that was a out 'Oh, Mr. Triplett!--When Mrs. Lofty, young man of great merit. The thought with which a known prude, said she knew whom the grotleman he comforts the afflicted father is, to the best of my meant; but she was indeed, as he civilly represented meniory, as follows:- That he should consider death her, impatient of being beheld-Then turning to had set a kind of seal upon his son's character, and the lady' next to herThe most unbred creature placed him out of the reach of vice and infamy: you ever saw! Another pursued the discourse : 'As that, while he lived, he was still within the possibility unbred, madam, as you may think her, she is ex- of falling away from virtue, and losing the fame of tremely belied if she is the novice she appears; she which he was possessed. Death only closes a man's was last week at a ball till two in the morning; Mr. reputation, and determines it as good or bad. Triplett knows whether he was the happy man that

This, among other motives, may be one reason took care of her home; but ~This was followed why we are naturally averse to the launching out by some parti. ular exception that each woman in into a man's praise till his head is laid in the dust. the room made to some peculiar grace or advantage; Whilst he is capable of changing, we may be forced so that Mr. Triplett was beateu froin one limb and to retract our opinions. He may forfeit the esteen feature to another, till he was forced to resign the we have conceived of him, and some time or other whole woman, In the end, I took notice Triplett appear to us under a diferent light from what he recorded all this malice in his heart; aud saw in dues at present. In short, as the life of any man his conntenance, and a certain waygish shrug, that cannot be calied happy or unhappy, so neither can he designed to repeat the conversation : I therefore it be pronounced vicious or virtuous before the conlet the discourse die, and soon after took an ocrasion clusion of it. to recommend a certain gentleman of my acquain. It was upon this consideration that Epaminondas, tance for a person of singular molesty, courage, being asked whether Chabrias, Iphicrates, or he integrity, and withal as a man of an entertaining himself, deserved most to be esteemed ?

* You conversation, to which advantages he had a shape must first see us die,” saith he,

" before that ques. and mander peculiarly graceful. Mr. Triplett, who tion can be answered.” is a woman's man, seemed to hear me with patience As there is not a more melancholy consideration enough commend the qualities of his mind. He to a good man than his being obnoxious to such a neser beard indeed but that he was a very honest change, so there is nothing more glorious than to man, and no fool; but for a fine gentleman, he keep up a uniformity in his actions, and preserve must ask pardon. Upon no other foundation than the beauty of his character to the last. this, Mr. Triplett took occasion to give ibe gentle. The end of a man's life is often compared to the man's pedigree, by what methods some part of the winding up of a well-written play, where the prin. estate was acquired, how much it was behulden to a cipal persons still act in character, whatever the marriage for ihe present circumstances of it: after faie is which they undergo. There is scarce a great all, he could see nothing but a common man in his

person in the Grecian or Roman history, whose person, his breeding, or understanding.

death has not been remarked upon by sonie writer “ Thus, Mr. Spectator, this impertinent humour or other, and censured or applauded according to of diminishing every one who is produced in conver- the genius or principles of the person who has desation to their advantage, runs through the world; scanied on it. " Monsieur de St. Esremond is very and I am, I confess, so fearful of the force of ill particular in setting forth the constancy and courage tongues, that I have begged of all those who are my of Petronius Arbiter during his last moments, and well-wishers never to commend me, for it will but thinks he discovers in them a greater firmness of bring my frailties into examination; and I had mind and resolution than in the death of Seneca, rather be unobserved, than conspicuous for disputed Cato, or Socrates. There is no question but this perfections. I am confident a thousand young police author's affectation of appearing singular in people, who would have been ornaments to sociely, his remarks, and making discoveries which had esbase, from fear of scandal, never dared to exert caped the observations of others, threw him into themselves in the polite arts of life. Their lives this course of reflection. It was Petronius's merit bave passed away in an odious rusticity, in spite of that he died in the same gaiety of temper in which great advantages of person, genius, and fortune. he lived: but as his life was altogether loose and There is a vicious terror of being blamed in some dissolute, the indifference wbich he showed at the Well-inclined people, and a wicked pleasure in sup: close of it is to be looked upon as a piece of natural pressing them in others; both which I recommend carelessness and levity, rather than förtitude. The to your spectatorial wisdom to animadvert upon; resolution of Socrates proceeded from very different and if you can be successful in it, I need not say motives, the consciousness of a well-spent life, and how much you will deserve of the town; but now wasts sid owe iw you tbeir beauty, and new wits Latei fame. “I am, Sir,

* The reader hardly needs to be told, that the authenticity * Your most obedient bumble Servant,

of the epistles of Phalaris has been suspected, and is suspiT.

“ MARY." I who wrote them.

cious; but if the letters are good, it is of little costzequence

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the prospect of a happy eternity. If the ingenious about him, he died a few moments after in tbat' author above mentioned was so pleased with gaiety posture.-L of humour in a dying man, he might have found a much nobler instance of it in our countryman Sir Thomas More.

No. 350.1 FRIDAY, APRIL 11, 1721. This great and learned man was famous for en. Ea animi elatio quæ cernitur in periculis, si justitia vaca livening his ordinary discourses with wit and plea- pugnatque pro suis commodis, in vitio est-TULL. santry; and as Erasmus tells him, in au epistle That elevation of mind which is displayed in dangers, if it dedicatory, acted in all parts of life like a second wants justice, and fights for its own conveniency, is vicious, Democritus.

CAPTAIN SENTRY was last night at the club, and . He died upon a point of religion, and is respected produced a letter from Ipswich, which his corre as a martyr by that side for which he suffered. spondent desired him to communicate to his friend That innocent mirth, which had been so conspicu- the Spectator. It contained an account of an enous in his life, did not forsake him to the last. He gagement between a French privateer, commanded maintained the same cheerfulness of heart upon the by one Dominick Pottiere, and a little ressel of that scaffold which be used to show at bis table; and place laden with corn, the master whereof, as I reupon laying his head on the block, gave instances member, was one Goodwin. The Englishman deof that good humour with which he had always en- fended himself with incredible bravery, and beat off tertained his friends in the most ordinary occur- the French, after having been boarded three or four

His death was of a piece with his life. times. The enemy still came on with greater fury, There was nothing in it new, forced, or affected. and hoped by his number of men to carry the prize; He did not look upon the severing his head from till at last the Englishman, finding bimself sinķ his body as a circumstance that ought to produce apace, and ready to perish, struck; but the effect any change in the disposition of his mind; and as which this singular gallantry had upon the captain he died under a fixed and settled hope of immor of the privatcer was no other than an uumanly detality, he thought any unusual degree of sorrow and sire of vengeance for the loss he had sustained in concem improper on such an occasion, as he had his several attacks. He told the Ipswich man in a nothing in it which could deject or terrify him. speaking-trumpet, that he would not take him aboard,

There is no great danger of imitation from this and that he stayed to see him sink. The Englishman example. Men’s natural fears will be sufficient at the same time observed a disorder in the vessel, guard against it. I shall only observe, that what which he rightly judged to proceed from the disdain was philosophy in this extraordinary man would be which the ship's crew had of their captain's inbufrenzy in one who does not resemble him as well in manity. With this hope he went iuto his boat, and the cheerfulness of his temper as in the sanctity of approached the enemy. He was taken in by the his life and manners.

sailors in spite of their commander : but, though I shall conclude this paper with the instance of a they received him against his command, they treated person who seems to me to have shown more intre him, when he was in the ship, in the manner he pidity and greatness of soul in his dying moments directed. Pottiere caused his men to hold Goodwin, than what we meet with anong any of the most while he beat him with a stick, till he fainted with celebrated Greeks and Romans. I met with this loss of blood and rage of heart; after which he instance in the History of the Revolutions in Por. ordered him into irons, without allowing him any tugal, written by the Abbot de Vertot.

food, but such as one or two of the men stole to him When Don Sebastian, king of Portngal, had in- under peril of the like usage : and having kept vaded the territories of Muli Moluc, emperor of him several days overwhelmed with the misery of Morocco, in order to dethrone him, and set the stench, hunger, and soreness, he brought him into crown upon the head of his nephew, Moluc was Calais. The governor of the place was soon acwearing away with a distemper which he himself quainted with all that had passed, dismissed Pottiere knew was incurable. However, he prepared for the from his charge with ignominy, and gave Goodwin reception of so formidable an enemy. He was, in all the relief which a man of honour would bestow deed, so far spent with his sickness, that he did not upon an enemy barbarously treated, to recover the expect to live out the whole day, when the last de- imputation of cruelty upon his prince and country. cisive battle was given; but, knowing the fatal con- When Mr. Sentry bad read his letter, full of sequences that would happen to his children and many other circumstances which aggravate the barpeople, in case he should die before he put an end barity, he fell into a sort of criticism upon magna. to that war, he commanded his principal officers, nimity and courage, and argued that they were inthat if he died during the engagement, they should separable ; and that courage, without regard to jusconceal his death from the army, and that they should tice and humanity, was no other than the fierceness ride up to the litter in which his corpse was carried, of a wild beast. A good and truly bold spirit," under the pretence of receiving orders from him as continued he,“ is ever actuated by reason, and a usual. Before the battle began, he was carried sense of honour and duty. The affectation of such through all the ranks of his arıny in open litter, a spirit exerts itself in an impudent aspect, an overas they stood drawn up in array, encouraging them bearing confidence, and a certain negligence of to fight valiantly in defence of their religion and giving offence. This is visible in all the cocking country. Finding afterward the battle to go against youths you see about this town, who are noisy in him, though he was very near his last agonies, he assemblies, unawed by the presence of wise and threw himself out of his litter, railied his army, and virtuous men; in a word, insensible of all the boled them on to the charge; which afterward ended nours and decencies of human life. A shameless in a complete victory on the side of the Moors. He tellow takes advantage of merit clothed with modesty had no sooner brought his men to the engagement, and magnanimity, and, in the eyes of little people, but finding bimselt utterly spent, he was again re appears sprightly and agreeable: while the man of placed in his litter, where, laving his finger on his resolution and true gallantry is overlooked and dismouth, to enjuin secrecy to his officers who stood | regarded, if not despised. There is a propriety in all things; and I believe what you scholars call just to his own invention. We find, however, that he and sublime, in opposition to turgid and bombast has interwoven, in the course of his fable, the prin expression, may give you an idea of what I mean, cipal particulars, which were generally believed when I say modesty is the certain indication of a among the Romans, of Æneas's voyage and settle

I great spirit, and impudence the affectation of it. ment in Italy. He that writes with judgment, and never rises into The reader may find an abridgement of the whole improper warmths, manifests the true force of yenins; story, as collected out of the ancient historians, and in like manner, he who is quiet and equal in all his as it was received among the Romans, in Dionysius behaviour is supported in that deportment by what Halicarnassus. we may call true courage. Alas! it is not so easy Since none of the critics have considered Virgil's a thing to be a brave man as the unthinking part of fable with relation to this history of Æneas, it may inankind imagine. To dare is not all that there is not, perhaps, be amiss to examine it in this light, so in it The privateer we were just now talking of far as regards my present purpose. Whoever looks had boldness enough to attack his enemy, but not into the abridgement above mentioned, will find that greatness of mind enough to admire the same quality the character of Æneas is filled with picty to the exerted by that enemy in defending himself. Thus gods, and a superstitious observation of prodigics, his base and little mind was wholly taken up in the oracles, and predictions, Virgil has not only presordid regard to the prize of which he failed, and served his character in the person of Æneas, but has the damage done to his own vessel; and therefore given a place in his poem to those particular prn. he used an honest man, who defended his own from phecies which he found recorded of him in hisi ny him, in the manner as he would a thief that should and tradition. The poet took the matters of fact as rob him.

they came down to him, and circumstanced them “ He was equally disappointed, and had not spirit after his own manner, to make them appear the enough to consider, that one case would be laudable, more natural, agreeable, or surprising. I believe and the other criminal. Malice, rancour, hatred, very many readers have been shocked at that ludivengeance, are what tear the breasts of wean men crous prophecy which one of the harpies pronounces in tight; but fame, glory, conquests, desires of op- to the Trojans in the third book; namely, that be. portunities to pardou and oblige their opposers, are fore they had built their intended city they should wbat vlow in the minds of the gallant.' The cap- be reduced by hunger to eat their very tables. But, tait ended his discourse with a specimen of his when they hear that this was one of the circumbook-learning; and gave us to understaud that he stances that had been transmitted to the Romans in had read a French author on the subject of justness the history of Æneas, they will think the poet did in point of gallantry. “ I love,” said Mr. Sentry, very well in taking notice of it. The historian “á critic who mixes the rules of life with annota. above mentioned acquaints us, that a prophetess had tions upon writers. My author," added he, " in his foretold Æneas, he should take his voyage westward, discourse upon cpic poetry, takes occasion to speak till bis companions should eat their tables; and that of the same quality of courage drawn in the two accordingly, upon his landing in Italy, as they were different characters of Turnus and Æneas. He eating their flesh upon cakes of bread for want of makes courage the chief and greatest ornament of other conveniences, they afterward fed on the cakes Turnus; but in Æneas are many others which out themselves ; upon which one of the company said shine it; among the rest, that of piety. Turnus is, merrily, We are eating our tables.” They iintherefore, all along painted by the poet full of os-mediately took the hint, says the historian, and contentation, his language baughty and vain-glorious, cluded the prophecy to be fulfilled. As Virgil did as placing his honour in the manifestation of his not think it proper to omit so material a particular valoor: Eneas speaks little, is slow to action, and in the history of Æneas, it may be worth while to shows only a sort of defensive courage. If equipage consider with how much judgment he has qualified and address make Turnus appear more courageous it

, and taken off every thing that might have apthan Æneas, conduct and success prove Æneas peared improper for a passage in a heroic poem. more valiant than Turnus.”—T.

The prophetess who foretels it is a hungry harpy, as the person who discovers it is young Ascanius.

Heus etiam mensas consumimas! inquit lulas.-Æ. vii. 116. No. 351.) SATURDAY, APRIL 12 1712. See, we devour the plates on which we [eed.-DR 7DEN In te omnis domus inclmata recumbit.

Such an observation, which is beautiful in the

Viru. Æn. xii. 59. mouth of a boy, would have been ridiculous froin On thee the fortunes of our house depend.

any other of the company. I am apt to think that

the changing of the Trojan fleet into water-nymphs, If we look into the three great heroic poems which is the most violent machine in the whole which have appeared in the world, we may observe Æneid, and has given offence to several critics, may that they are built upon very slight foundations. be accounted for the same way. Virgil himself, béHomer lived near 300 years after the Trojan war; fore he begins that relation, premises, that what he aad, as the writing of history was not then in use was going to tell appeared incredible, but that it among the Greeks, we may very well suppose that was justified by tradition. What further confirms the tradition of Achilles and Ulysses had brought me that this change of the fleet was a celebrated dowa but very few particulars to his knowledge; circumstance in the history of Æneas, is, that Ovid though there is no question but he has wrought into has given a place to the same metamorphosis in his his two poems such of their remarkable adventures account of the heathen mythology. as were still talked of among his contemporaries.

None of the critics I have met with have conThe story of Æneas, on which Virgil founded sidered the fable of the Æneid in this light

, and his poem, was likewise very bare of circumstances, taken notice how the tradition on which it was and by that means afforded him an opportunity of founded authorizes those parts in it which appear enbellishing it with fiction, and giving a full range the most exceptionable. I hope the length of this whole poem.

retlection will not make it unexceptable to the curious is managed with reason, not with heat. It is such part of my readers.

a dispute as we may suppose might have happened The history which was the basis of Milton's poem in Paradise, had men continued happy and inno. is still shorter than either that of the Iliad or Æneid. cent. There is a great delicacy in the moralities The poet has likewise taken care to insert every which are interspersed in Adamn's discourse, and circumstance of it in the body of his fable. The which the most ordinary reader cannot but take ninth book, which we are here to consider, is raised notice of. That force of love which the fatber of upon that brief account in Scripture, wherein we mankind so finely describes in the eighth book, and are told that the serpent was more subtle than any which is inserted in my last Saturday's paper, beast of the field; that he tempted the woman to eat shows itself here in many fine instances; as in those of the forbidden fruit; that she was overcome by fond regards he casts towards Ere at her parting this temptation, and that Adam followed her ex- from him : ample. From these few particulars, Milton has Her long with ardent look his eye pursu'd forined one of the most entertaining fables that in- Delighted, but desiring more her stay. vention ever produced. He has disposed of these Oft he to her his charge of quick return

Repeated, she to hina as oft engaged several circumstances among so many beautiful and

To be return'd by noon amid the bow'r, natural fictions of his own, that his whole story looks like a comment upon sacred writ, or rather In his impatience and amusement during her seems to be a full and complete relation of what the absence : other is only in epitome. I have insisted the longer

Adam the while, on this consideration, as I look upon the disposition Waiting desirous her return, had wove and contrivance of the fable to be the principal

Of choicest flow'rs a garland to adoru

Her tresses, and her rural labours crown, beauty of the ninth book, which has more story in As reapers oft are wont their rural queen. it, and is fuller of incidents, than any other in the Great joy he promis'd to his thoughts, and new Satan's traversing the globe, and

Solace in her return, so long delay d. still keeping within the shadow of the night, as But particularly in that passionate speech, wbere, fearing to be discovered by the angel of the sun, sceing her irrecoverably lost, he resolves tu periska who had before detected him, is one of those beau- with her, rather than to live without ber: tiful imaginations with which he introduces this his

Some cursed fraud second series of adventures. Having examined the

Of enemy hath beguil'd thee, yet unknown, nature of every creature, and found oui one which And me with thee hath rund for with thee was the most proper for his purpose, he again re

Certain my resolution is to die :

How can I live without thee? How forego turns to Paradise; and, to avoid discovery, sinks by

Thy sweet converse and love so dearly Joun'd, night with a river that ran under the garden, and To live again in these wild woods forlorn ? rises up again through a fountain that issued from Should God create another Eve, and I it by the tree of life. The poet, who, as we have

Another rib afford, yet loss of thee

Would never from my heart; no, no! I feel before taken notice, speaks as little as possible in The link of nature draw me: flesh of Desh, his own person, and, after the example of Homer, Boue of my bone thou art, and from thy state fills every part of his work with manners and cha- Mine never shall be parted, bliss or woe! racters, introduces a soliloquy of this infernal agent, The beginning of this speech, and the preparawho was thus restless in the destruction of man. tion to it, are animated with the same spirit as the He is then described as gliding through the garden, conclusion, which I bare here quoted. under the resemblance of a mist, in order to find The several wiles which are put in practice by out that creature in which he designed to tempt our the tempter, when he found Eve separated from her first parents. This description has something in it husband, the many pleasing images of nature which very poetical and surprising :

are intermixed in this part of the story, with its So saying, through each thicket dank or dry

gradual and regular progress to the fatal catastrophe, Like a black mist low creeping, be held on

are so very remarkable, that it would be superduous His miduight search, where soonest he might find

to point out their respective beauties.
The serpent: him fast sleeping soon he found
In labyrinth of many a round self-rollid,

have avoided mentioning any particular simiHis head the midst, well stor'd with subtle wiles. litudes in my remarks on this great work, because The author afterward gives us a description of the I bave given a general account of them in my morning, which is wonderfully suitable to a divine paper on the first book. There is one, however, in poem, and peculiar to that first season of nature. it is not only very beautiful, but the closest of any

this part of the poem, which I shall here quote, as He represents the earth, before it was curst, as a in the whole poem; I mean that where the serpent great altar breathivg out its incense from all parts, is described as rolling forward in all bis pride, aniand sending up a pleasant savour to the nostrils its Creator; to which he adds a noble idea of Adam mated by the evil spirit

, aod conducting Eve to her and Eve, as offering their morning worship, and from her to give her his assistance. These several

destruction, while Adam was at too great a distance tilling up the universal concert of praise and ado- particulars are all of them wrought iuto the followration:

ing similitude: Now when a sacred light began to dawn In Eden on the humid howers, that breath'd

-Hope elevates, and joy Their morning incense; when all things that breathe

Brightens his crest; as when a wandering fire, From the earth's great altar send up silent praise

Compact of unctuous vapour, which the night To the Creator, and his nostrils fill

Condenses, and the cold environs round, With grateful smell; forth cilme the human pair,

Kindled through agitation to a flame, And join d their vocal worship to their choir

(Which oft, they say, some evil spirit attends) Of creatures wanting voice

Hovering and blazing with delusive light,

Misleads th' amazed night wanderer from his way The dispute which follows between our two first To bogs and mires, and oft through pond or pool parents is represented with great art. It proceeds

Thero swallow'd up and lost, from succour car, from a difference of judgment, not of passion, and The secret intoxication of pleasure, with all thuse

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