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of life, and renders me the most anxious, miserable herbs, or trees, of whose juices they are chiefly comman on earth. My wife, who was the only child pounded. They are loathsome to the taste, and perand darling care of an indulgent mother, employed micious to the health ; and as they seldom survive ber early years in learning all those accomplish the year, and then are thrown away, under a false ments we generally understand by good-breeding presence of frugality, I may affirm they stand me and polite education. She sings, dances, plays on in more than if I entertained all our visitors with the lute and harpsichord, paints prettily, is a perfect the best burgundy and champaign. Coffee, chocomistress of the French tongue, and has made a con- late, and green,' imperial, peco, and bohea teas, siderable progress in Italian. She is besides excel- seem to be tritics; but when the proper appurtelently skilled in all domestic sciences, as preserving, pances of the tea-table are added, they sweil the acpickling, pastry, making wines of fruits of our own count higher than one would imagine. I cannot growth, embroidering, and needleworks of every conclude without doing her justice in one article; kind. Hitherto, you will be apt to think there is where her frugality is so remarkable, I must not very little cause of complaint; but suspend your deny her the merit of it, and that is in relation to opinion till I have further explained myself, and her children, who are all confined, both boys and then, I make no question, you will come over to girls, to one large room in the remotest part of the mine. You are not to imagine I find fault that she house, with bolts on the doors and bars to the winpossesses or takes delight in the exercises of those dows, under the care and tuition of an old woman, qualifications I just now mentioned; 'tis the immo- who had been dry-nurse to her grandmother. This is derate fondness she has to them that I lament, and their residence all the year round; and, as they are that what is only designed for the innocent aniuse never allowed to appear, she prudently thinks it ment and recreation of life is become the whole bu- needless to be at any expense in apparei or learnsiness and study of hers. The six months we are ing. Her eldest daughter to this day would have in town (for the year is equally divided between neither read nor wrote, if it had not been for the that and the country), from almost break of day till butler, who being the son of a country attorney, has noon, the whole morning is laid out in practising taught her such a hand as is generally used for enwith her several masters; and, to make up the losses grossing bills in chancery. By this time I have occasioned by her absence in summer, every day in sufficiently tired your patience with my domestic the week their attendance is required; and as they grievances; which I hope you will agree could not are all people éminent in their professions, their well be contained in a narrow compass, when you skill and time must be recompensed accordingly. consider what a paradox I undertook to maintain in So how far these articles extend, I leave you to the beginning of my epistle, and which manifestly judge. Limning, one would think, is no expensive appears to be but too melancholy a truth. And now diversion; but, as she manages the matter, 'tis a I heartily wish the relation I have given of my misvery considerable addition to her disbursements; fortunes may be of use and benetit to the public. which you will easily believe, when you know she By the example I have set before them, the truly paints fans for all her female acquaintance, and virtuous wives may learn to avoid these errors which and draws all her relations' pictures in miniature; have so unhappily misled mine, and which are visibly, the first must be mounted by nobody but Colmar, these three :-First, in mistaking the proper objects and the other set by nobody but Charles Mather.* of her esteem, and fixing her affections upon such What follows is still much worse than the former; for, things as are only the trappings and decorations of as I told you she is a great artist at her needle, 'tis her sex. Secondly, in not distinguishing what beincredible what sums she expends in embroidery; for, comes the different stages of lite. And, lastly, the besides what is appropriated to her personal use, abuse and corruption of some excellent qualities, as mantuas, petticoats, stomachers, handkerchiefs, which, if circumscribed within just bounds, would purses, pin-cushions, and working-aprons, she keeps have been the blessing and prosperity of her family; four French Protestants continually employed in but, by a vicious cxtreme, are like to be the bane making divers pieces of superfluous furniture, as and destruction of it.”—T. quilts, toilets, hangings for closets, beds, windowcurtains, easy chairs, and tabourets; nor have I any hopes of ever reclaiming her from this extravagance, No. 328.*] MONDAY, MARCH 17, 1711.12. while she obstinately persists in thinking it a notable piece of good housewifery, because they are

Delectata illa urbanitate tam stulta.---Petrox. ARB. made at home, and she has had some share in the

Delighted with unaffected plainness. performance. There would be no end of relating That useful part of learning which consists in tou the particulars of the annual charge, in fur- emendations, knowledge of different readings, and nishing her store-room with a profusion of pickles the like, is what in all ages persons extremely wise and preserves; for she is not contented with having and learned have had in great veneration. For this every thing, unless it be done every way, in which reason I cannot but rejoice at the following spistle, she consults an hereditary book of reccipts; for her which lets us into the truc author of the letter to female ancestors have been always famed for good Mrs. Margaret Clark, part of which I did myself housewifery, one of whom is made immortal, by the honour to publish in a former paper. I must giving her name to an eye-water and two sorts of confess I do not naturally affect critical learning; padlings. I cannot undertake to recite all her me but finding ruysell not so much regarded as I am dicinal preparations, as salves, serc-cloths, powders, confects, cordials, ratafia, persico, orange-lover, • As many of our readers may be pleased to sce, " in puris and cherry-brandy, together with innumerable surts naturalibits," the original paper, in room of which the present of simple waters. But there is nothing I lay so much number was very early substituted, and as this curiosity

may to my heart as that detestable catalogue of counter-from the copy in folio, in its order, marked as at first, No. 329.9, feit wines, which derive their names from the fruits, only with the addition of an asterisk. It had the signature T.

the following noie, both which made the concluding part of 'Af the date of this paper'a noted toy man in Fleet-street. No. 330 in the original publication of these papers in olio.

at the bottom; but see the desire annexed to the short letter in

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.apt to flatter myself I may deserve from one pro-me om purpose, and some trifle or other for a un fessed patrons of learning, I could not but do niyself of my lore; but I hope there is nothing lost for that the justice to show I am not a stranger to such cru- | neither. So, hoping you will take this letter in ghid dition as they smile upor, if I were duly encouraged, i part, and answer il with what care and speed you cun, However, this is only to let the world see what I | I rest and remain could do; and I shall not give my reader any more of

“ Yours, if my own, this kind, if he will forgive the ostentation I show “ Sweepston,

6 MR. GABRIEL BULLOCK, at present.


now my father is dead. "Sir,

March 13, 1711-12. “ When the coal carts come, I shall scud of cter; “Upon reading your paper of yesterday, I took and may come in one of them myself.” the pains to look out a copy I had formerly taken, “ For Sir William to go to london at restminster Teand remembered to be very like your last letter:

member a parlement. comparing them, I found they were the very same; and have, underwritten, sent you that part of it which you say was torn off. I hope you will insert

“ William, i hope that you are well. i write to it, that posterity may know 'twas Gabriel Bullock let you know that i am in trouble about a lady that made love in that natural style of which you your nease; and i do desire that you will be iný seem to be so fond. But, to let you see I have other friend; for when i did com to see her at your ball, manuscripts in the same way, I have sent you en- i was inighty Abuesed. i would sain a see you at closed three copies, faithfully taken by my own hand topecliff, and thay would not let me go to you; but from the originals, which were wrote by á Yorkshire i desire that you will be our friends, for it is po dis. gentleman of a good estate to Madam Mary, and an honour neither for you nor she, for God did make us uncle of hers, å knight very well known by the all. i wish that i night see yu, for they say that most ancient gentry in that and several other coun

you are a good man; and many doth wounder at it, ties of Great Britain. I have exactly followed the but madam norton is abuescd and ccaled two i beform and spelling. I have been credibly informed lieve. i night a bad many a lady, but I cou have that Mr. William Bullock, the famous comedian, is done but her with a good consons, for there is a the descendant of this Gabriel, who begut Mr. Wil. God that know our hearts. if you and maian liam Bullock's great-grandfather on the body of the norton will come to York, there i shill meet you, above-mentioned Mrs. Margaret Clark. As ucithe. God be willing, and if you be pleased. so be Dot Speed, nor Baker, nor Selden, take notice of it, I angterie till you know the trutes of things. will not pretend to be positive; but desire that the

“I give my to me lady, aud letter may be reprinted, and what is here recovered

George Nelson,

to Mr. Aysenby, and to may be in Italics.

madam norton, Mank “ I am, Sir,

the 19th, 1706." Your daily Reader.”

" This is for madam mary norton disforth Lady she To ner I very much respect, Mrs. Margaret Clark.

went to York. Lovely, and oh that I could say loving Mrs.

“Madain Mary. Deare loving sweet lady, i Margaret Clark, I pray you let affection excuse pre- hope you are well. Do not go to london, for they sumption. Having been so happy as to enjoy the will put you in the nunnery; avd heed not Mis sight of your sweet countenance and comely body Lucy what she saith to you, for she will ly and erat svinetimes when I had occasion to buy treacle or go from to another place, and we will gaie liquorish powder at the apothecary's shop, I ain so wed so with speed. mind what i write to you, for vi enamoured with you, that I can no more keep close they gate you to londou they will keep you there; my flaming desire to become your servant. And I and so let us gate wed, and we will both go. am the more bold now to write to your sweet sell, you go to london, you rucing yourself. so heed act because I am now my own man, and may match what none of them saith to yoa: let us gate wed, where I please ; for my father is taken away; and and we shall lie to gader any time. I will do any now I am come to my living, which is ten yard land thing for you to my poore. i hope the devil will and a house; and there is never a yard of land* in faile them all, for a bellish company there be, frum our field but is as well worth ten pounds a year as a their cursed trick and mischiefus ways good in thief's worth a halter; and all my brothers and sis- bless and deliver both you and me. ters are provided for : besides I have good house

“I think to be at York the 21 day.** hold stuff, though I say it, both brass and pewter, linens aud woollens; and though my house be

" This is for madam nary norton to go tv london for a thatched, yet if you and I match, it shall go hard

lady that belonys to dishfurth. but I will have one half of it slated. If you shall “Madam Mary, i hope you are well. iam soary think well of this motion, I will wait upon you as that you went away from l'ork, deare lovity suis soon as my new clothes are made, and hay-harvest lady, i writt to let you know that i do remain faute is in. I could, though I say it, have good matches full; and if can let :oe know where i can meet you, in our town ; but my mother (God's peace be with her) i will wed you, and I will do any thing to my p****; charged me on her death-bed to marry a gentlewoman, for you are a good woman, and will be a lotin one u'ho had been well trained up in the souing and Misteris. i am in troubel for you, so if you will cookery. I do not think but that if you and I can come to york i will wed you. so with speed comie, agree to marry, and lay our means ivether, I shali be and I will have none but you. so, sweet lose, beed made grand juryman" ere two or ihree years come not what to say to me, and with speed come; beed about, and that will be a great credit to us." If I could not what none of thein say to you; your Maid makes have got a messenger for sirpence, I would have sent you believe ought,

in some crunties 20, in some 24, and in others 30 acres of • See No. 324, and note, where ibis letter is giren 'ezer land.- , gak lerret.

sectly, and supplied otherwise.


"So deare love think of Mr. george Nillson with of a sudden turning short to one of his servants, speed; i sent 2 or 3 letters before.

who stood behind him, he bid him call a hackney. "I gave misteris elcock some nots, and thay put coach, and take care it was an elderly man that me in pruson all the night for me pains, and non drove it. new whear i was, and I did gat cold.

He then resumed his discourse upon Mrs. Truby's “But it is for mrs. Lucy to go a good way from water, telling me that the widow Truby was one home, for in york and round about she is known; who did more good than all the doctors avd apothe. to writ any more her deeds, the same will tell hor caries in the country; that she distilled every poppy soul is black within, boz corkis stinks of hell. that grew within five miles of her; that she distri“ March 19th, 1706."* buted her water gratis among all sorts of people :

to which the knight added, that she had a very great

jointure, and that the whole country would fain No. 329. TUESDAY, MARCH 18, 1711-12 have it a match between him and her;"" and truly," Ire tamen restat, Numa quo devenit et Ancus. says Sir Roger, “if I had not been engaged, per,

llor. 1 Ep. vi. 37. haps I could not have done better." With Ancus, and with Numa, kings of Rome,

Ilis discourse was broken off by his man's telling We must descend into the silent tomb.

him he had called a coach. Upon our going to ii, My friend Sir Roger de Coverley told me t'other after having cast his eye upon the wheels, he askeri night, that he had been reading 'my paper upon the coachman if his axle-tree was good; upon the Westminster-abbey, in which, says he, there are a fellow's telling him he would warrant it, the knight great many ingenious fancies. He told me at the turned to me, told me he looked like an honest man, same time, that he observed, I had promised an- and went in without further ceremony. other paper upon the tombs, and that he should be We had not gone far, when Sir Roger, popping glad to go and see them with me, not having visited out his head, called the coachman down from his them since he had read history. I could not ima- box, and, upon presenting himself at the window, gide at first how this came into the knight's head, asked him if he smoked. As I was considering till I recollected that he had been busy all last what this would end in, he bid him stop by the way summer upon Baker's Chronicle, which he has at any good tobacconists, and take in a roll of their quoted several times in his disputes with Sir Audrow best Virginia. Nothing material happened in the Freeport since his last coming to town. Accord- remaining part of our journey, till we were set down ingly I promised to call upon him the next morning, at the west end of the abbey. that we might go together to the abbey.

As we went up the body of the church, the knight I found the knight under the butler's hands, who pointed at the trophies upon one of the new monualways shaves him. He was no sooner dressed, than ments, and cried out, “A brave man,. I warrant he called for a glass of the widow Truby's water, him!" Passing afterward by Sir Cloudesly Shovel, which he told me he always drank before he went he flung his band that 'way, and cried, “ Sir abroad. He recommended me a dram of it at the Cloudesly Shovel! a very gallant man.” As we same time, with so much heartiness, that I could stood before Busby's tomb, the knight uttered himnot forbear drinking it. As soon as I had got it self again after the same manner : " Dr. Busby! a down, I found it very unpalatable; upon which the great man! he whipped my grandfather; a very knight, observing that I had made several wry great man! I should have gone to him myself, if í faces, told me that he knew I should not like it at had not been a blockhead: a very great man!” first, but that it was the best thing in the world

We were immediately conducted into the little against the stone or gravel.

chapel on the right hand. Sir Roger planting himI could have wished indeed that he had ac- self at our historian's elbow, was very attenüve to quainted me with the virtues of it sooner; but it every thing he said, particularly to the acc sunt he *as too late to complain, and i knew what he had gave us of the lord who had cut off the king of Modone was out of good-will. Sir Roger told me fur- rocco's head. Among several other figures, he was ther

, that he looked upon it to be very good for a very well pleased to see the statesman Cecil upon man whilst he stayed in town, to keep off infection, his knees; and concluding them all to be great men, and that he got together a quantity of it upon the was conducted to the figure which represents that first news of the siekness being at Vantzick: when martyr to good housewifery who died by the prick

of a needle. Upon our interpreter's telling us that * Ita Ms. written by Dr. Birch, now before the annotator, she was a maid of honour to Queen Elizabeth, the withdrawu at the time of its republication in volumes, on the family; and, after having regarded her finger for in the said that an original number of the Spectator in folio was knight was very inquisitive into her name and Inteconstrance of a family who conceived themselves injured some time, "I wonder,” says he. “that Sir Richard by its appearance in print. It was, most probably, this very Baker has said nothing of her in his Chronicle.”.

The following short letter, with the desire annexed to it, aic sabjoined to No. 3s0 in the original publication of the Spectator chairs, where my old friend, after having heard that

We were then conveyed to the two coronation in folio: as they evidently relate to this paper which was sup- the stone under the most ancient of them, which pressed very soon after its original date, they are here reprinted for the first time.

was brought from Scotland, was called Jacob's

pillar, sat hiinsell down in the chair, and, looking "The ostentation you shewed yesterday (March 17] would like the figure of an old Gothic hing, asked our inbare been pardonable, had you provided better for the two terpreter, is hat authority they had to say that Jacob extremeslies of your paper, and placed in the one the letter R: had ever been in Scotland ? " The fellow, instead of Nescio quid meditans sugarum et totus in illis.

returning him an answer, tolil liim, that he hoped A word to the wise

his honour would pay his forfeit. I could obserre " I am your humble Servant,

Sir Roger a little rufied upon being thus trepanned;

“ T. Trash." but our guide not insisting upon his demand, the According to the emendation of the above correspondent

, knight soon recovered his good humour, and whis be reader is desired, in the paper of the 171b, to read R. turi" | vered in my car, that if Will Wimble were with us


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March 18, 1711-12.

in the other,

and saw those chairs, it would go hard but he would stances, in comparison to that of his former abond. get a tobacco stopper out of one or t'other of them. ance. This took away the vigour of bis mind, and

Sir Roger in the next place, laid his hand upon all manner of attention to a fortune which he puw Edward the Third's sword, and leaning upon the thought desperate; insomuch that he died without pommel of it, gave us the whole history of the Black a will, having before buried my mother, in the Prince: concluding, that in Sir Richard Baker's midst of his other misfortunes. I was sixteen years opinion, Edward the Third was one of the greatest of age when I lost my father; and an estate of 24. princes that ever sat upon the English throne. a year came into my possession, without friend or

We were then shown Edward the Confessor's guardian to instruct me in the management or ertomb; upon which Sir Roger acquainted us, that joyment of it. The natural consequence of this he was the first who touched for the evil: and after- was (though I wanted no director, and soon had ward Henry the Fourth’s; upon which he shook his fellows who found me out for a smart young gertirhead, and told us there was fine reading in the ca man, and led me into all the debaucheries of which sualtics of that reign.

I was capable), that my companions and I could not Our conductor then pointed to that monument well be supplied without running into debt, which ! where there is the figure of one of our English kings I did very frankly, till I was arrested, and convered. without a head; and upon giving us to know, that with a guard strong enough for the most desperate the head, which was of beaten silver, had been assassin, to a bailiff's house, where I lay four days, stolen away several years since; “ Some whig, I'll surrounded with very merry, but not very agreeable, warrant you,” says Sir Roger; you onght to lock company. As soon as I had extricated myself fro up your kings better; they will carry of the body this shameful confinement, I reflected upon it with too, if you don't take care."

so much horror, that I deserted all my old acquaintThe glorious names of Henry the Fifth and Queen ance, and took chambers in an inn vi court, with a Elizabeth gave the knight great opportunities of resolution to study the law with all possible applicashining, and of doing justice to Sir Richard Baker, tion. I trifled away a whole year in lookiog over a who, as our knight observed with some surprise, had thousand intricacies, without a friend to apply to it a great many kings in him, whose monuments he any case of doubt; so that I only lived there acorg had not seen in the abbey.

men, as little children are sent to school before they For my own part, I could not but be pleased to are capable of improvement, only to be out of harte's sce the knight show such an honest passion for the way. In the midst of this state of suspense, at glory of his country, and such a respectful gratitude knowing how to dispose of myself, I was sought | : to the memory of its princes.

by a relation of mine; who, upon ouserving a grand I must not omit, that the benevolence of my good inclination in me, used me with great familiarity; old friend, which flows out towards every one he and carried me to his seat in the country. Wher I converses with, made him very kind to our inter- came there he introduced me to all the good com preter, whom he looked upon as an extraordinary pany in the county; and the great obligation I bare man': for which reason he shook him by the hand to him for this kind notice, and residence with m at parting, telling him, that he should be very glad ever since, has made so strong an impression ajra to see him at his lodgings in Norfolk-buildings, and me, that he has an authority of a father over , talk over thesc matters with him more at leisure.-L. founded upon the love of a brother. I have a good

study of books, a good stable of horses always a:

my command; and, though I am not now quite No. 330.) WEDNESDAY, MARCH 19, 1711-12. eighteen years of age, familiar converse on his part

, and a strong inclination to exert myself on mine, Maxima debetur pueris reverentia

have had an effect upon me, that makes me accept

able wherever I go. Thus, Mr. Spectator, by this To youth the greatest reverence is due.

gentleman's favour and patronage, it is my owa The following lett -rs, written by two very consi- fault if I am not wiser and richer every day I live. derate correspondents, buth under twenty ycars of I speak this as well by subscribing the initial letters age, are very good arguments of the necessity of of my name to thank him, as to incite others to an taking into consideration the many incidents which imitation of his virtue. It would be a worthy work affect the education of youth.

to show what great charities are to be done withnut “Sir,

expense, and how many noble actions are lost, out

of inadvertency, in persons capable of performing “I have long expected that, in the course of them, if they were put in mind of it. If a gentleyour observations upon the several parts of human man of figure in a county would make his family a life, you would one time or other fall upon a sub-pattern for sobriety, good sense, and breeding, and ject, which, since you have not, I take the liberty I would kindly endeavour to influence the education to recommend to you.

What I mean is, the patron- and growing prospects of the younger gentry about age of young modest men to such as are able to him, I am apt to believe it would save him a great countenance, and introduce them into the world. deal of stale beer on a public occasion, and render For want of such assistances, a youth of merit lan- him the leader of his country from their gratitude guishes in obscurity or poverty when his circum- to him, instead of being a slave to their riots and stances are low, and runs into riot and excess when tumults, in order to be made their representativa his fortunes are plentiful. I cannot make myself The same thing might be recommended to all who better understood, than by sending you a history of have made any progress in any parts of knowledge, myself, which I shall desire you to insert in your or arrived at any degree in a profession; others ILSY paper, it being the only was I have of expressing gain preferments and fortunes from their patrons : my gratitude for the highest obligations imaginable. but I have, I hope, received from mine good bahats

***I am the son of a merchant of the city of Lon. and virtues. I repeat to you, Sir, my request to don, who, by many losses, was reduced from a very print this, in return for all the evil a belpless orphan luxuriant trade and credit to very tarrow circum- I shall ever escape, and all tbe good he shail receive

Juv. Sat. xiv. 18

in this life: both which are wholly owing to this walking in my gallery in the country, and see my gentleman's favour to,

ancestors, who many of them died before they were * Sir, Your most obedient Servant, of my age, I cannot forbear regarding them as so many

“S. P.” old patrarchs, and, at the same time, looking upon “ Mr. SPECTATOR,

myself as an idle smock-faced young fellow. I love * I am a lad of about fourteen. I find a mighty to see your Abrahams, your Ísaacs, and your Japleasure in learning. I have been at the Latin cobs, as we have them in old pieces of tapestry, with school four years. I don't know I ever played tru-bearis below their girdles, that cover half the hangant, or neglected any task my master set me in my ingrs." The knight added, " if I would recommend life. I think on wbåt I read in school as I go home beards in one of my papers, and endeavour to reat boot and night, and so intently, that I have often store human faces to their ancient dignity, that, gone half a mile out of my way, not minding whither upon a month's warning, he would undertake to I went. Our maid tells me she often hears me talk lead up the fashion himself in a pair of whiskers." Latin in my sleep, and I dream two or three nights

I smiled at my friend's fancy; but, after we in a week I am reading Juvenal and Homer. My parted, could not forbear reflecting on the metamormaster seems as well pleased with my performances phosis our faces have undergone in this particular. as any boy's in the same class. I think, if I know The beard, conformable to the notiou of my friend my own mind, I would choose rather to be a scholar Sir Roger, was for many ages looked upon as the than a prince without learning. I have a very good, type of wisdom. Lucian more than once rallies the affectionate father; but though very rich, yet so philosophers of his tine, who endeavoured to rival mighty near, that he thinks much of the charges of one another in beards; and represents a learned muy education. He often tells me he believes my man who stood for a professorship in philosophy, as schooling will ruin him; that I cost him God knows unqualified for it by the shortness of his beard. what is books. I tremble to tell him I want one.

Ælian, in his account of Zoilus, the pretended I am forced to keep my pocket-money, and Jay it critic, who wrote against Homer and Plato, and out for a book now and then, that he don't know of thought himself wiser than all who had gone before He has ordered my master to buy no more books him, tells us that this Zoilus had a very long beard for me, but says he will buy them himself. I asked that hung down upon his breast, but no hair upon him for Horace t'other day, and he told me in a bis head, which he always kept close shaved, repassion he did not believe I was fit for it, but garding, it seems, the hairs of his head as so many only my master had a mind to make him think I suckers, which, if they had been suffered to grow, had got a great way in my learning. I am some

might have drawn away the nourishment from his times a month behind other boys in getting the chin, and by that means have starved his beard. books my master gives orders for. All the boys in

I have read somewhere, that one of the popes rethe school, but I have the classic authors in usum fused to accept an edition of a saint's works, which Delphini, gilt and lettered on the back. My father were presented to him, because the saint, in his is often reckoning up how long I have been at efigies before the book, was drawn without a beard. school, and tells me he fears I do little good. My has forinerly paid to beards ; and that a barber was

We see by these instances what homage the world father's carriage so discourages me, that he makes me grow dull and melancholy. My master wonders not then allowed to make those depredations on the what is the matter with me; I am afraid to tell faces of the learned, which have been permitted him hind; for he is a man that likes to encourage learn- of late years, ing, and would be apt to chide my father, and, not

Accordingly several wise nations have been so knowing his temper, may make him worse. Sir, ira extremely jealous of the least ruffle offered to their you have any love for learning, I beg you would beards, that they seem to have fixed the point of give me some instructions in this case, and persuade honour principally in that part. The Spaniards parents to encourage their children when they find were wonderfully tender in this particular. Don thein diligent and desirous of learcing. I have Quevedo, in his third vision on the last judgment, heard some parents say, they would do any thing for has carried the humour very far, when he tells us their children, if they would but mind their learn that one of his vain-glorious countrymen, after ing: I would be glad to be in their place. Dear Sir, having received sentence, was taken into custody pardon my boldness. If you will but consider and by a couple of evil spirits; but that his guides happing my case, I will pray for your prosperity as long pening to disorder his mustachios, they were forced as I . Your humble Servant,

to recompose them with a pair of curling-irons, be" James DiscipuLUS."

fore they could get him to file off. " London, March 2, 1711.

If we look into the history of our own nation, we T.

shall find that the beard flourished in the Saxon heptarchy, but was very much discouraged under

the Norman linc. It shot out; however, from time No. 331.) THURSDAY, MARCH 20, 1711-12. to time, in several reigns under different shapes. Stolidam præbet tibi vellere barbam.

The last effort it made seems to have been in

Queen Mary's days, as the curious reader may find, Holds out his foolish beard for thee to pluck.

if he pleases to peruse the figures of Cardinal Pole.

and Bishop Gardiner; though, at the same time, I When I was last with my friend Sir. Roger in think it may be questioned, if zeal against popery Westminster-abbey, I observed that he stood longer has not induced our Protestant painters to extend than ordinary before the bust of a venerable old the beards of these two persecutors beyond their paman. I was at a loss to guess the reason of it; tural dimensions, in order to make them appear the when, after some time, he pointed to the figure, and more terrible. asked me if I did not think that our forefathers I find but few beards worth taking notice of in looked much wiser in their beards than we do with the reign of King James the First. out thema ! "Por my part,” says he,“ when I am During the civil wars there appeared one, which

PERS. Sat. ii. 28.

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