Зображення сторінки


story; but when I consider her alone in the midst having at first brought him not to dislike, and at of her distresses, looking beyond this gloomy vale length to be pleased with that which otherwise he of affliction and sorrow, into the joys of heaven and would not have bore to hear of, she then knew how immortality, and when I see her in conversation to press and secure this advantage, by approving it thoughtless and easy, as if she were the most happy as his thought, and seconding it as his proposal. creature in the world, I am transported with admi- By this means she has gained an interest in some ration. Surely never did such a philosophic soul of his leading passions, and inade them accessary inhabit such a beauteous form! For beauty is often to his reformation, made a privilege against thought and retiection; it There is another particular of Emilia's conduct laughs at wisdom, and will not abide the gravity of which I cannot forbear mentioning: to some, perits instructions.

haps, it may at first sight appear but a triling inWere I able to represent Emilia’s virtues in their considerable circumstance; but, for my part, I proper colours, and their due proportions, love or think it highly worthy of observation, and to be reflatiery might perhaps be thought to have drawn the commended to the consideration of the fair sex. I picture larger than life; but as this is but an imper- have often thought wrapping-gowns and dirty linen, fect draught of so excellent a character, and as I with all that huddled economy of dress which passes cannot, I will not, hope to have any interest in her under the name of “ a mob," the bane of conjugal person, all that I can say of her is but impartial love, and one of the readiest means imaginable to praise extorted from me by the prevailing brightness alienate the affection of a husband, especially a fond of her virtues. So rare a pattern of female excel. one. I have heard some ladies who have been surlence ought not to be concealed, but should be set prised by company in such a dishabille, apologize out to the view and imitation of the world ; for how for it after this manner : “ Truly, I am ashamed to amiable does virtue appear thus, as it were, made be caught in this pickle: but my husband and I visible to us, in so fair an example !

were sitting all alone by ourselves, and I did not Honoria’s disposition is of a very different turn : expect to see such good company.”. This, by the her thoughts are wholly bent upon conquest and ar-way, is a fine compliment to the good man, which it bitrary power. That she has some wit and beauty is ten to one but he returns in dogged answers and pobody denies, and therefore has the esteem of all a churlish behaviour, without knowing what it is her acquaintance as a woman of an agreeable per- that puts him out of humour. son and conversation ; but (whatever her husband Emilia's observation teaches her, that as little inmay think of it) that is not sufficient for Honoria: advertencies and neglects cast a blemish upon a she waves that title to respect as a mean acquisi- great character; so the neglect of apparel, even tion, and demands veneration in the right of an among the most intimate friends, does insensibly idol ; for this reason, her natural desire of life is lessen their regards to each other, by creating a facontinually checked with an inconstant fear of miliarity too low and contemptible. She underwrinkles and old age.

stands the importance of those things which the geEmilia cannot be supposed ignorant of her per- nerality account trifles; and considers every thing sonal charms, though she seems to be so; but she as a matter of consequence that has the least ten. will not hold her happiness upon so precarious a dency towards keeping up or abating the affection tenure, whilst her mind is adorned with beauties of of her husband: him she esteems as a fit object to a more exalted and lasting nature. When in the employ her ingenuity in pleasing, because he is to full bloom of youth and beauty we saw her sur- be pleased for life. rounded with a crowd adorers, she took no plea- By the help of these, and a thousand other namesure in slaughter and destruction, gave no false less arts, which it is easier for her to practise than deluding hopes which might increase the torments for another to express, by the obstinacy of her goodof her disappointed lorers; but having for some ness and unprovoked submission, in spite of all her time given to the decency of a virgin coyness, and afflictions and ill usage, Bromius is become a man examined the merit of their several pretensions, of sense and a kind husband, and Emilia a happy she at length gratified her own, by resigning her- wife. self to the ardent passion of Bromius. Bromius Ye guardian angels, to whose care Heaven has was then master of many good qualities and a mo- intrusted its dear Emilia, guide her still forward in derate fortune, which was soon after unexpectedly the paths of virtue, defend her from the insolence increased to a plentiful estate. This for a good and wrongs of this undiscerning world : at length, while proved his misfortunes, as it furnished his when we must no more converse with such purity unexperienced age with the opportunities of evil on earth, lead her gently hence, innocent and uncompany, and a sensual life. He might have longer reprovable, to a better place, where, by an easy wandered in the labyrinths of vice and folly, had transition from what she now is, she may shine not Emilia's prudent conduct won him over to the forth an angel of light.-T. government of his reason. Her ingenuity has been constantly employed in humanizing his passions, and refining his pleasures. She has showed him, No. 303.] SATURDAY, FEB. 16, 1711-12. by her own example, that virtue is consistent with

Volet hæc sub luce videri, decent freedoms, and good-bumour, or rather that

Judicis argutum quæ non formidat acumen. cannot subsist without them. Her good sense

Hor. Ars Poet, ver. 363. eadily instructed her, that a silent example, and

Some choose the clearest light, an easy unrepining behaviour, will always be more

And boldly challenge the most piercing eye. persuasive than the severity of lectures and admonitions; and that there is so much pride interwoven I have seen, in the works of a modern philosointo the make of human nature, that an obstinate pher, a map of the spots in the sun. My last paper mad must only take the hint from another, and then of the faults and blemishes in Milton's Paradise be left to advise and correct himself. Thus by an Lost may be considered as a piece of the same naartful train of management, and unseen persuasions, | ture. To pursue the illusion : as it is observed,



that among the bright parts of the luminous body To which we may add his call to the fallen angels above mentioned, there are some which glow more that lay plunged and stupified in the sea of fire: intensely, and dart a stronger light than others; so, He call'd so loud, that all the hollow deep notwithstanding I have already shown Milton's Of hell resounded. poem to be very beautiful in general, I shall now

But there is no single passage in the whole poem proceed to take notice of such beauties as appear to worked up to a greater sublimity, than that wherein me more exquisite than the rest. Milton has pro- his person is described in those celebrated lines : posed the subject of his poem in the following verses :

He, above the rest of man's first disobedience, and the fruit

In shape and gesture proudly eminent,
of that forbidden tree, whose mortal taste

Stood like a tower, &c.
Brought death into the world and all our woe,
With loss of Eden, till one greater man

His sentiments are every way answerable to his
Restore us, and regain the blissful seat,
Sing, heavenly Muse

character, and suitable to a created being of the

most exalted and most depraved nature. Such is These lines are, perhaps, as plain, simple, and that in which he takes possession of his place of unadorned, as any of the whole poem, in which par. torments: ticular the author has conformed himself to the ex.

Hail, horrors ! hail, ample of Homer, and the precept of Horace.

Infernal world! and thou, profoundest hell, His invocation to a work which turns in a great Receive thy new possessor, one who brings measure upon the creation of the world, is very A mind not to be chang'd by place or time. properly made to the Muse who inspired Moses in And afterward: those books from whence our author drew his sub

Here at least ject, and to the Holy Spirit, who is therein repre- We shall be free! th Almighty hath not built sented as operating after a particular manner in the

Here for his envy; will not drive us hence : first prodaction of nature. This whole exordium Here we may reign secure; and in my choice rises very happily into noble language and senti

To reign is worth ambition, though in hell : ments, as I think the transition to the fable is ex

Better to reign in hell, than serve in heav'n. quisitely beantiful and natural.

Amidst those impieties which this enraged spirit The nine days' astonishment, in which the angels utters in other places of the poem, the author has lay entranced after their dreadful overthrow and fall taken care to introduce none that is not big with from heaven, before they could recover either the absurdity, and incapable of shocking a religious use of thought or speech, is a noble circumstance, reader ; his words, as the poet himself describes and very finely imagined. The division of hell into them, bearing only a “semblance of worth, not seas of fire, and into firm ground impregnated with substance.” He is likewise with great art described the same furious element, with that particular cir- as owning his adversary to be Almighty. Whatever cumstance of the exclusion of Hope from those in perverse interpretation he puts on the justice, fernal regions, are instances of the same great and mercy, and other attributes of the Supreme Being, fruitful invention.

he frequently confesses his omnipotence, that being The thoughts in the first speech and description the perfection he was forced to allow him, and the of Satan, who is one of the principal actors in this only consideration which could support his pride poem, are wonderfully proper to give us a full idea under the shame of his defeat. of him. His pride, envy, and revenge, obstinacy,

Nor must I here omit that oeautiful circumstance despair, and impenitence, are all of them very art of his bursting out into tears, upon his survey of fully interwoven. In short, his first speech is a those innumerable spirits whom he had involved in complication of all those passions which discover the same guilt and ruin with himself: themselves separately in several other of his speeches

He now prepar'd in the poem. The whole part of this great enemy To speak : whereat their doubled ranks they bend of mankind is filled with such incidents, as are very

From wing to wing, and half inclose him round apt to raise and terrify the reader's imagination. Of

With all his peers: Attention held them mute.

Thrice he assay d, and thrice, in spite of scorn, this nature, in the book now before us, is his being Tears, such as angels weep, burst forththe first that awakens out of the general trance, with bis posture on the burning lake, his rising from it, learning in it, and a very agreeable turn of poetry,

The catalogue of evil spirits has abundance of and the description of his shield and spear : which rises in a great measure from its describing

Thus Satan talking to his nearest mate,
With bead up-lift above the wave, and eyes

the places where they were worshipped, by those That sparkling blaz'd, his other parts beside

beautiful marks of rivers so frequent among the Prone on the flood extended long and large,

ancient poets. The author had doubtless in this Lay floating many a rood

place Homer's catalogue of ships, and Virgil's list Portbwith upright he rears from off the pool His mighty stature; on each hand the flames

of warriors, in his view. The characters of MoDriv'n backward slope their pointing spires, and, rolled loch and Belial prepare the reader's mind for thes In billows, leave i'th' midst a horrid vale.

respective speeches and behaviour in the second ar Then with expanded wings he steers his flight sixth books. Aloft, incumbent on the dusky air

The account of Thammuz is finely That felt unusual weight

romantic, and suitable to what we read among the His pond'rous shield,

ancients of the worship which was paid to that idol Ethereal temper, massy, large, and round, Bebind him cast: the broad circumference

Thammuz came next behind, Hung on his shoulders like the moon, whose orh

Whose annual wound in Lebanon allur'd Through optic glass the Tuscan artists view

The Syrian damsels to lament his fate At ev'ning from the top of Fesole,

In am'rous ditties all a summer's day; 0; in Valdarno, to descry new lands,

While smooth Adonis from his native rock Kivers, or mountains, on her spotty giobe.

Ran purple to the sea, suppos'd with blood His spear (to equal which the tallest pine

of Thammuz yearly wounded: the love tale Hewn on Norwegian hills to be the mast Of some great ammiral, were but a wand)

* This quotation from Milton, and the paragraph immediHe walk d with, to support uneasy steps

ately following it, were uot in the first publication of this Over the burning mari

paper in folio.

fernal army:


Infected Sion's daughter with like heat,

The review, which the leader makes of his inWhose wanton passions in the sacred porch Ezekiel saw; when, by the 'vision led, His eyes survey'd the dark idolatries

He through the armed files Of alienated Judah

Darts his experienc'd eye, and soon traverse

The whole battalion views, their order due, The reader will pardon me if I insert as a note on Their visages and stature as of gods, this beautiful passage, the account given us by the Their number last he sums; and now his heart late ingenious Mr. Maundrell of this ancient piece

Distends with pride, and hard'ning in his strength

Glories of worship, and probably the first occasion of such a superstition. * We came to a fair large river; The flash of light wbich appeared upon the drawdoubtless the ancient river Adonis, as famous for the ing of their swords : idolatrous rites performed here in lamentation of

He spake ; and to confirm his words out few Adonis. We had the fortune to see what may be Millions of Alaming swords, drawn from the thigtas supposed to be the occasion of that opinion which of mighty cherubim; the sudden blaze Lucian relates concerning this river, viz. That this

Far round illumin'd bell. stream, at certain seasons of the year, especially The sudden production of the Pandæmonium: about the feast of Adonis, is of a bloody colour; which the heathens looked upon as proceeding from

Anon out of the earth a fabric huge

Rose like an exhalation, with the sound a kind of sympathy in the river for the death of Of dulcet symphonies and voices sweet. Adonis, who was killed by a wild boar in the moun

The artificial illuminations made in it: tains, out of which this stream rises. Something like this we saw actually come to pass; for the water

From the arch'd roof was stained to a surprising redness : and, as we ob

Pendent by subtle magic, many a row

of starry lamps and blazing cressets, * fed served in travelling, had discoloured the sea a great With Naphtha and Asphaltus, yielded light way into a reddish hue, occasioned doubtless by a As from a sky. sort of minium, or red earth, washed into the river by the violence of the rain, and not by any stain in the first book of Paradise Lost. And here I must

There are also several noble similes and allasions from Adonis's blood.”

The passage in the catalogue, explaining the observe, that when Milton alludes either to things manner how spirits transform themselves by con

or persons, he never quits his simile until it rises to traction or enlargement of their dinensions, 'is in some very great idea, which is often foreign to the troduced with great judgment, to make way for does not, perhaps, last above a line or two, but the

occasion that gave birth to it. The resemblance several surprising accidents in the sequel of the poem. There follows one at the very end of the poet runs on with the hint until he has raised oat of first book, which is what the French critics call Aame the mind of the reader, and to give it that

it some glorious image or sentiment, proper to inmarvellous, but at the same time probable, by reason of the passage last mentioned. As soon as the sublime kind of entertainment which is suitable to the infernal palace is finished, we are told the multitude with Homer's and Virgil's way of writing, cannot bat

nature of an heroic poem. Those who are acquainted and rabble of spirits immediately shrunk themselves into a small compass, that there might be room for be pleased with this kind of structure in Milton's such a numberless assembly in this capacious hall. similitudes. I am the more particular on this bead, But it is the poet's refinement upon this thought

because ignorant readers, who have formed their which I most admire, and which indeed is very which are so much in vogue among modern poets,

taste upon the quaint similes and little turns of wit, noble in itself. For he tells us, that notwithstanding the vulgar among the fallen spirits contracted their cannot relish these beauties, which are of a much forms, those of the first rank and dignity still pre- Milton's

comparisons, in which they do not see any

higher nature, and are therefore apt to censtre served their natural dimensions :

surprising points of likeness. Monsieur Perrault Thus incorporeal spirits to smallest forms

was a man of this vitiated relish, and for that very Reduc'd their shapes immense, and were at large, reason has endeavoured to turn into ridicule sereral Though without number, still amidst the hall

of Homer's similitudes, which he calls " comparaiof that infernal court. And in their own dimensions like themselves,

sons à longue queue," long-tailed comparisons." The great seraphic lords and cherubim

I shall conclude this paper on the first book of MilIn close recess and secret conclave sat,

ton with the answer which Monsieur Boileau makes A thousand demi-gods on golden seats, Frequent and full

to Perrault on this occasion: “ Comparisons,” says The character of Mammon, and the description of only to illustrate and embellish the discourse, but

he, “ in odes and epic poems, are not introduced the Pandæmonium, are full of beauties.

to amuse and relax the mind of the reader, by freThere are several other strokes in the first book quently disengaging him from too painful an attenwonderfully poetical, and instances of that sublime tion to the principal subject, and by leading him genius so peculiar to the author. Such is the de. into other agreeable images. Homer, says he, ex: scription of Azazel's stature, and the infernal celled in this particular, whose comparisons abound standard which he unfurls; as also of that ghastly with such images of pature as are proper to relieve light by which the fiends appear to one another in and diversify his subjects. He continually instructs their place of torments :

the reader, and makes him take notice, even in obThe seat of desolation, void of light,

jects which are every day before his eyes, of such Save what the glimm'ring of those livid flames circumstances as he should not otherwise hare ab Casts pale and dreadful

served. To this he adds, as a maxim universally The shout of the whole host of fallen angels when acknowledged," that it is not necessary in poetry drawn up in battle array:

for the points of the comparison to correspond with The universal host up sent

• Cresset, i. e. a blazing light set on a beacon, in French A shout that tore hell's concave, and beyond

croisette," because beacons formerly bad crosses on their Frighted the reigu of Chaos and old Night.

tops -JOHNSOX.

But far within,

[ocr errors]

one another exactly, but that a general resemblance is have no reason to fancy my mistress has any regard sufficient, and that too much nicety in this particu- for me, but from a very disinterested value which I lar savours of the rhetorician and epigrammatist.” have for her. If from any hint in any future paper

In short, if we look into the conduct of Homer, of yours she gives me the least encouragement, I Virgil, and Milton, as the great fable is the soul of doubt not but I shall surmount all other difficulties ; each poem, so to give their works an agreeable va- and inspired by so noble a motive for the care of riety, their episodes are so many short fables, and my fortune, as the belief she is to be concerned in their similes so many short episodes; to which you it, I will not despair of receiving her one day from may add, if you please, that their metaphors are so her father's own hand. many short similes. If the reader considers the

“I am, Sir, comparisons in the first book of Milton, of the sun “ Your most obedient humble Servant, in an eclipse, of the sleeping leviathan, of the bees

“ CLYTANDER.” swarming about their bive, of the fairy dance, in the

“To his WORSHIP THE SPECTATOR. view wherein I have here placed them, he will easily discover the great beauties that are in each of those

“The humble petition of Anthony Title-page, stapassages.

tioner, in the centre of Lincoln's-inn-fields, L.

Sheweth, No. 304.] MONDAY, FEBRUARY 18, 1711-12. been sellers of books for time immemorial: that

“ That your petitioner and his forefathers, have Vulnus alit venis et cæco carpitur igni.

your petitioner's ancestor, Crouch-back Title-page, Virg. Æn. iv. 2

was the first of that vocation in Britain; who keepA latent fire preys on his feverish veins.

ing his station (in fair weather) at the corner of The circumstances of my correspondent, whose Lothbury, was, by way of eminency, called " The letter I now insert

, are so frequent, that I cannot Stationer,' a name which from him all succeeding want compassion so much as to forbear laying it be- booksellers have affected to bear: that the station fore the town. There is something so mean and in- of your petitioner and his father has been in the human in a direct Smithfield bargain for children, place of his present settlement ever since that square that if this lover carries his point, and observes the has been built: that your petitioner has formerly rules he pretends to follow, I do not only wish him had the honour of your worship’s custom, and hopes success, but also that it may animate others to follow you never had reason to complain of your pennyhis example. I know not one motive relating to worths: that particularly be sold you your first Lilly's this life which could produce so many honourable Grammar, and at the same time a Wit's Commonand worthy actions, as the hopes of obtaining a wealth, almost as good as new: moreover, that your woman of 'merit

. There would ten thousand ways first rudimental essays in spectatorship were made of industry and honest ambition be pursued by young in your petioner's shop, where you often practised men, who believed that the persons admired had for hours together, sometimes on the little hierogly. value enough for their passion to attend the event of phics either gilt, silvered, or plain, which the their good fortune in all their applications, in order Egyptian woman on the other side of the shop had to make their circumstances fall in with the duties wrought in gingerbread, and sometimes on the Enthey owe to themselves, their families, and their glish youths who in sundry places there were exercountry. All these relations a man should think of cising themselves in the traditional sports of the field. who intends to go into the state of marriage, and

“ From these considerations it is, that your petiexpects to make it a state of pleasure and satisfaction. tioner is encouraged to apply himself to you, and to

proceed humbly to acquaint your worship, that he “ MR. SPECTATOR,

has certain intelligence that you receive great num“I have for some years indulged a passion for a bers of defamatory letters designed by their authors young lady of age and quality suitable to my own, to be published, which you throw aside and totally but very much superior in fortune. It is the fashion neglect: Your petitioner therefore prays, that you with parents (how justly I leave you to judge) to will please to bestow on him those refuse letters, and make all regards give way to the article of wealth. he hopes by printing them to get a more plentiful From this one consideration it is, that I have con- provision for his family; or, at the worst, he may be cealed the ardent love I have for her ; but I am be allowed to sell them by the pound weight to his holden to the force of my love for many advantages good customers the pastry-cooks of London and which I reaped from it towards the better conduct Westminster. of my life. A certain complacency to all the world, “And your Petitioner shall ever pray," &c. a strong desire to oblige wherever it lay in my power,

" TO THE SPECTATOR. and a circumspect behaviour in all my words and actions, have rendered me more particularly accept

“ The humble petition of Bartholomew Ladylove, able to all my friends and acquaintance. Love bas

of Round-court, in the parish of St. Martin's had the same good effect upon my fortune, and I

in the Fields, in behalf of himself and neighbave increased in riches, in proportion to my ad

bours. vancement in those arts which make a man agree

Sheweth, able and amiable. There is a certain sympathy That your petitioners have, with great industry which will tell my mistress from these circumstances, and application, arrived at the most exact art of in. that it is I who writ this for her reading, if you will vitation or entreaty: that by a beseeching air and please to insert it. There is not a downright en- persuasive address, they have for many years last mity, but a great coldness between our parents; so past peaceably drawn in every tenth passenger, that if either of us declared any kind sentiments whether they intended or not to call at their shops, for each other, her friends would be very backward to come in and buy; and from that softness of beto lay an obligation upon our family, and mine to haviour have arrived among tradesmen at the gentle receive it from hers. Under these delicate circum- appellation of The Pawners.' stances it is no easy matter to act with safety, 1 “That there have of late set up amongst us cer

[ocr errors]


VIRG. Æn. ii. 521

tain persons from Monmouth-street and Long-lane, make several young men in France as wise as him who by the strength of their arms, and loudness of self, and is therefore taken up at present in estatheir throats, draw off the regard of all passengers blishing a nursery of statesmen. from your said petitioners; from which violence Some private letters add, that there will also be they are distinguished by the name of The Worriers.' erected a seminary of petticoat politicians, who are

• That while your petitioners stand ready to re- to be brought up at the feet of Madame de Mainteceive passengers with a submissive bow, and repeat non, and to be dispatched into foreign courts upon with a gentle voice, · Ladies, what do you want ? any emergencies of state: but as the news of this pray look in here;' the worriers reach out their last project has not been yet confirmed, I shall take hands at pistol-shot, and seize the customers at arms' no further notice of it. length.

Several of my readers may doubtless remember " That while the fawners strain and relax the that upon the conclusion of the last war, wbich bad muscles of their faces, in making a distinction be- been carried on so successfully by the enemy, their tween a spinster in a coloured scarf and a handmaid generals were many of them transformed into am. in a straw hat, the worriers use the same roughness bassadors; but the conduct of those wbo have com to both, and prevail upon the easiness of the pas- manded in the present war, has, it seems, brought so sengers, to the impoverishment of your petitioners. little honour and advantage to their great monarch,

"Your petitioners therefore most humbly pray, that he is resolved to trust his affairs no longer in that the worriers may not be permitted to inhabit the hands of those military gentlemen. the politer parts of the town; and that Round-court The regulations of this new academy very much may remain a receptacle for buyers of a more soft deserve our attention. The students are to have in education.

possession or reversion, an estate of two thousand “And your Petitioners," &c. French livres per annum, which, as the present exThe petition of the New-exchange, concern- change runs, will amount to at least one bundred ing the arts of buying and selling, and particularly and twenty-six pounds English. This, with the

valuing goods, by the complexion of the seller, will royal allowance of a thousand livres, will enable be considered on another occasion.-T.

them to find themselves in coffee and snuff; not to mention newspapers, pens and ink, wax and wafers,

with the like necessaries for politicians. No. 305.) TUESDAY, FEBRUARY 19, 1711-12. A man must be at least five-and-twenty before be

can be initiated into the mysteries of this academy, Non tali auxilio, nec defensoribus istis

though there is no question but many grave persous Tempus eget.

of a much more advanced age, who have been conThese times want other aids.-DRYDEN.

stant readers of the Paris Gazette, will be glad to Our late newspapers being full of the project now begin the world anew, and enter themselves upot on foot in the court of France for establishing a po- this list of politicians. litical academy, and I myself having received letters The society of these hopeful young gentlemen is from several virtuosos among my foreign correspond to be under the direction of six professors, who, it ents, which give some light into that affair, I intend seems, are to be speculative statesmen, and drawn to make it the subject of this day's speculation. A out of the body of the royal academy. These six general account of this project may be met with in wise masters, according to my private letters, are to the Daily Courant of last Friday, in the following have the following parts allotted to them. words, translated from the Gazette of Amsterdam:- The first is to instruct the students in state leger

Paris, February 12. " It is confirmed, that the demain; as how to take off the impression of a seal, King has resolved to establish a new academy for to split a wafer, to open a letter, to fold it up again, politics, of which the Marquis de Torcy, minister with other the like ingenious feats of dexterity and and secretary of state, is to be protector. Six aca- art. When the students have accomplished therodemicians are to be chosen, endowed with proper selves in this part of their profession, they are to be talents, for beginning to form this academy, into delivered into the hands of their second instructor, which no person is to be admitted under twenty-five who is a kind of posture-master. years of age : they must likewise have each an This artist is to teach them how to nod jadiestate of two thousand livres a year, either in posses-ciously, to shrug up their shoulders in a dubious - sion, or to come to them by inheritance. The King case, to connive with either eye, and, in a word, will allow to each a pension of a thousand livres. the whole practice of political grimace. They are likewise to have able masters to teach The third is a sort of language-master, who is to them the necessary sciences, and to instruct them in instruct them in a style proper for a minister in his all the treaties of peace, alliance, and others, which ordinary discourse. And to the end that this colhave been made in several ages past. These members lege of statesmen may be thoroughly practised in are to meet twice a week at the Louvre. Froin this the political style, they are to make use of it in seminary are to be chosen secretaries to embassies, their common conversations, before they are emwho by degrees may advance to higher employments." ployed either in foreign or domestic affairs. If one

Cardinal Richelieu's politics made France the of them asks another what o'clock it is, the other is terror of Europe. The statesmen who have appeared to answer him indirectly, and, if possible, to turn oft in that nation of late years bave, on the contrary, the question. If he is desired to change a louis rendered it either the pity or contempt of its neigh-d'or, he must beg time to consider of it. If it be bours. The cardinal erected that famous academy inquired of him whether the King is at Versailles which has carried all the parts of polite learning to or Marly, he must answer in a whisper. If he be the greatest height. His chief design in that insti- asked the news of the last Gazette, or the subject tution was to divert the men of genius from meddling of a proclamation, he is to reply that he has not yet ' with politics, a province in which he did not care read it; or if he does not care for explaining himself

to have any one else interfere with him. On the so far, he needs only draw up his brow in wrinkles, contrary, the Marquis de Torcy seems resolved to ) or elevate the left shoulder.

« НазадПродовжити »