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half yard of the silk towards clothing, feeding, and No, 294.] WEDNESDAY, FEB. 6, 1711-12.
instructing an innocent helpless creature of her own Difficile est plurimum virtutem revereri qui semper secunda sex, in one of these schools. The consciousness of fortuna sit usus.--Tull, ad Herennium.
such an action will give her features a vobler life The man who is always fortunate, cannot easily have much
on this illustrious day,* than all the jewels that can reverence for virtue,
hang in her hair, or can be clustered in her bosom. INSOLENCE is the crime of all others which every It would be uncourtly to speak in barsher words to man is apt to rail at; and yet there is one respect the fair, but to men one may take a little more freein which almost all men living are guilty of it, and dom. It is monstrous how a man can live with so that is in the case of laying a greater value upon little reflection, as to fancy he is not in a condition the gifts of fortune than we ought. It is here in very unjust and disproportioned to the rest of manEngland come into our very language as a propriety kind, while he enjoys wealth, and exerts no bene of distinction, to say, when we would speak of per- volence or bounty to others. As for this particular sons to their advantage, They are people of con- occasion of these schools, there cannot any offer dition.” There is no doubt but the proper use of more worthy a generous mind. Would you do a riches implies, that a man should exert all the good handsome thing without return; do it for an infant qualities imaginable; and if we mean by a man of that is not sensible of the obligation. Would you condition or quality, one who, according to the do it for public good; do it for one who will be an wealth he is master of, shows himself just, benefi- honest artificer. Would you do it for the sake of cent, and charitable, that term ought very de- heaven; give it to one who shall be instructed in servedly to be had in the highest veneration; but the worship of bim for whose sake you gave it. It when wealth is used only as it is the support of is, methinks, a most laudable institution this, if it pomp and luxury, to be rich is very far from being were of no other expectation than that of producing à recommendation to honour and respect. It is a race of good and useful servants, who will have indeed the greatest insolence imaginable, in a crea more than a liberal, a religious education. What ture who would feel the extremes of thirst and hun-would not a man do in common prudence, to lay ger, if he did not prevent his appetites, before they out in purchase of one about him, who would add call upon him, to be so forgetful of the common to all his orders he gave, the weight of the com. necessities of human nature, as never to cast an eye mandments, to enforce an obedience to them? for upon the poor and needy. The fellow who escaped one who would consider bis master as his father, his from a ship which struck upon a rock in the west, friend, and benefactor, upon easy terms, and in and joined with the country people to destroy his expectation of no other return, but moderate wages brother sailors, and make her a wreck, was thought and gentle usage? It is the common vice of chil. a most execrable creature; but does not every man dren, to run too much among the servants; from who enjoys the possession of what he naturally such as are educated in these places they would see wants, and is unmindful of the unsupplied distress nothing but lowliness in the servant, which would of other men, betray the same temper of mind ? not be disingenuous in the child. All the ill offices When a man looks about him, and, with regard to and defamatory whispers, which take their birth riches and poverty, beholds some drawn in pomp from domestics, would be prevented, if this charity and equipage, and they, and their very servants, could be made universal: and a good man might with an air of scorn and triumph, overlooking the have a knowledge of the whole life of the persons multitude that pass by them; and in the same he designs to take into his house for his own serstreet a creature of the same make, crying out, in vice, or that of his family or children, long before the name of all that is good and sacred, to behold they were admitted. This would create endearing bis misery, and give him some supply against hun- dependencies; and the obligation would have a ger and nakedness; who would believe these two paternal air in the master, who would be relieved beings were of the same species? But so it is, that from much care and anxiety by the gratitude and the consideratiou of fortune has taken up all our diligence of a humble friend, attending him as dis minds, and as I have often complained, poverty and servant. I fall into this discourse from a letter riches stand in our imaginations in the places of sent to me, to give me notice that fifty boys would guilt and innocence. But in all seasons there will be clothed, and take their seats (at the charge of be some instances of persons who have souls too some generous benefactors) in St. Bride's church, large to be taken with popular prejudices, and, on Sunday next. I wish I could promise to mywhile the rest of mankind are contending for su- self any thing which my correspondent seems to periority in power and wealth, have their thoughts expect from a publication of it in this paper; for bent upon the necessities of those below them. The there can be nothing added to what so many excel. charity schools, which have been erected of late lent and learned men have said on this occasion. years, are the greatest instances of public spirit the But that there may be something here which would age has produced. But, indeed, when we consider move a generous mind, like that of him who wrote how long this sort of beneficence has been on foot, to me, I shall transcribe a handsome paragraph o. it is rather from the good management of those in- Dr. Snape's sermon on these charities, whick my stitutions, than from the number or value of the correspondent enclosed with his letter. benefactions to them, that they make so great a “ The wise Providence has amply compensated figure. One would think it impossible that in the the disadvantages of the poor and indigent, in wantspace of fourteen years there should not have been ing many of the conveniences of this life, by a more five thousand pounds bestowed in gifts this way, nor abundant provision for their happiness in the next. sixteen hundred children, including males and Had they been higher born, or more richly en. females, put out to methods of industry. It is not dowed, they would have wanted this manner of allowed me to speak of luxury and folly with the education, of which those only enjoy the benefit, severe spirit they deserve; I shall only therefore say, I shall very readily, compound with any lady
The birth-day of her majesty Queen Anne, who was born in a hooped petticoat, if she give the price of one Feb. 6. 1665, and died Aug. 1, 1114, aged 40.
wno are low enough to submit to it; where they himself, and in a manner becoming accessary to his have such advantages without money, and without own dishonour. We may, indeed, generally obprice, as the rich cannot purchase with it. The serve, that in proportion as a woman is more or less learning which is given, is generally more edifying beautiful, and her husband adzaneed in years, she to them, than that which is sold to others. Thus do stands in need of a greater or less number of pins, they become exalted in goodness, by being de- and, upon a treaty of marriage, rises or falls in pressed in fortune, and their poverty is, in reality, her demands accordingly. It must likewise be their preferment."
owned, that high quality in a mistress does very T.
much inflame this article in the marriage-reckoning.
But where the age and circumstances of both No. 295.; THURSDAY, FEBRUARY 7, 1711-12. parties are pretty much upon a level, I cannot but Prodiga non sentit pereuntem fæmina censum:
think the insisting upon pin-money is very extraorAt velut exhausta redivivus pullulet arca
dinary; and yet we find several matches broken off Nummas, et e plevo semper tollatur acervo,
upon this very head. What would a foreigner, or Non unquam reputat, quanti sibi gaudia constent.
Juv. Sat. vi. 361. one who is a stranger to this practice, think of a But womankind, that never knows a mean,
lover that forsakes his mistress, because he is not Down to the dregs their sinking fortunes drain.
willing to keep her in pins ? But what would he Hourly they give, and spend, and waste, and wear,
think of the mistress, should he be informed that And think no pleasure can be bought too dear.-DAYDEN
she asks five or six hundred pounds a year for this “MR. SPECTATOR,
use ? Should a man unacquainted with our customs "I am turned of my great climacteric, and am na be told the sums which are allowed in Great Briturally a man of a meek temper. About a dozen tain, under the title of pin-money, what a prodiyears ago I was married, for my sins, to a young gious consumption of pins would he think there was
in this island ? woman of good family, and of a high spirit; but
“A pin a day," says our frugal could not bring her to close with me, before I had proverb," is a groat a year;" so that, according to entered into a treaty with her, longer than that of this calculation, my friend Fribble's wife must every the grand alliance. Among other articles, it was year make use of eight million six hundred and therein stipulated, that she should have 4001. a-year
forty thousand new pins. for pin-money, which I obliged myself to pay quar- they comprehend under this general term several
I am not ignorant that our British ladies allege terly into the hands of one who acted as her plenipo- other conveniences of life; I could therefore wish, tentiary is that affair. I have ever since religiously for the honour of my countrywomen, that they had observed my part in this solemn agreement. Now, Sir, so it is, that the lady has had several children rather called it needle-money, which might have imsince I married her; to which, if I should credit plied something of good housewifery, and not have our malicious neighbours, her pin-money has not a given the malicious world oceasion to think, that little contributed. The education of these my chil. dress and trifles have always the uppermost place
in a woman's thoughts. dren, who, contrary to my expectation, are born to me every year, straitens me so much, that I have fence of this practice, that it is but a necessary pro
I know several of my fair readers urge in debegged their mother to free me from the obligation vision they make for themselves, in case their husof the above-mentioned pin-money, that it may go band proves a churl, or miser; so that they consider towards making a provision for her family. This proposal makes her noble blood swell in her veins, this allowance as a kind of alimony, which they insomuch that, finding me a little tardy in my last may lay their claim to, without actually separating
from their husbands. But, with submission, I think quarter's payment, she threatens ine every day to arrest me; and proceeds so far as to tell me that if a woman who will give up herself to a man in mar. I do not do her justice, I shall die in a gaol. To
riage, where there is the least room for such an apthis she adds, when her passion will let her argue will not rely on for the common necessaries of life,
prehension, and trust her person to one whom she calmoly, that she has several play-debts on her hands, which must be discharged very suddenly, and that may very properly be accused (in the phrase of a she cannot lose her money as becomes a woman of homely proverb) of being a penny wise and pound
foolish." fashion, if she makes me any abatement in this
It is observed of over-cautious generals, that they article. I hope, Sir, you will take an occasion from hence to give your opinion upon a subject in case the event should not answer their expecta
never engage in battle without securing a retreat, which you have not yet touched, and inform us if there are any precedents for this usage among our have burnt their ships, or broke down the bridges
tions; on the other hand, the greatest conquerors ancestors; or whether you find any mention of pin. behind them, as being determined either to succeed money in Grotius, Puffendorf, or any other of the civilians.
or die in the engagement. In the same manner I “I am ever the humblest of
your Admirers, should very much suspect a woman who takes such “ Josiah FRIBBLE, Esq
precautions for her retreat, and contrives methods
how she may live happily, without the affection of As there is no man living who is a more professed one to whom she joins herself for life. Separate advocate for the fair sex than myself, so there is purses between man and wife are, in my opinion, Done tbat would be more unwilling to invade any as unnatural as separate beds. A marriage cannot of their ancient rights and privileges; but as the be bappy, where the pleasures, inclinations, and indoctrine of pin-money is of a late date, unknown terests of both parties are not the same. There is to our great-grandmothers, and not yet received by no greater incitement to love in the mind of man, many of our modern ladies, I think it is for the in- than the sense of a person's depending upon him terest of both sexes to keep it from spreading. for her ease and happiness ; as a woman uses all
Mr. Fribble may not, perhaps, be much mistaken her endeavours to please the person whom she looks where be intimates, that the supplying a man's wife upon as her honour, her comfort
, and her support. with pin-money, is furnishing her with arms against For this reason, I am not very much surprised at
the behaviour of a rough country 'squire, who, being character more likely to be prevalent in this renot a little shocked at the proceeding of a young quest, than if I should subscribe myself by my prowidow that would not recede from her demands of per name, pin-money, was so enraged at her mercenary tem
“I desire you may insert this in one of your per, that he told her in great wrath, “ As much as she thought him her slave, he would show all the speculations, to show my zeal for removing the disworld he did not care a pin for her.” Upon which satisfaction of the fair sex, and restoring you to
ineir favour." he flew out of the room, and never saw her more.
Socrates in Plato's Alcibiades, says he was in “ Sir, formed by one who had travelled through Persia, “I was some time since in company with a that as he passed over a great tract of land, and in-young officer, who entertained us with the conquest quired what the name of the place was, they told he had made over a female neighbour of his : wben him it was the Queen's Girdle : to which he adds, a gentleman who stood by, as I suppose, envying that another wide field which lay by it, was called the captain's good fortune, asked him what reason the Queen's Veil; and that in the same manner he had to believe the lady admired him ? 'Why,' there was a large portion of ground set aside for says he, ‘my lodgings are opposite to hers, and she every part of her majesty's dress. These lands is continually at her window either at work, read. might not be improperly called the Queen of Per-ing, taking snuff, or putting herself in some toying sia's pin-money.
posture, on purpose to draw my eyes that way." I remember my friend Sir Roger, who, I dare The confession of this vain soldier made me reflect say, never read this passage in Plato, told me some on some of my own actions; for you must know, time since, that upon his courting the perverse Sir, I am often at a window which fronts the apartwidow (of whom I have given an account in former ments of several gentlemen, who I doubt not have papers) he had disposed of a hundred acres in a the same opinion of me. I must own I love to look diamond ring, which he would have presented her at them all, one for being well dressed, a second with, had she thought fit to accept it; and that for his fine eye, and one particular one, because he upon her wedding-day, she should have carried on is the least man I ever saw; but there is something her head fifty of the tallest oaks upon his estate. He so easy and pleasant in the manner of my little further informed me, that he would have given her man, that I observe he is a favourite of all bis ac. a coal-pit to keep her in clean linen, that he would quaintance. I could go on to tell you of many have allowed her the profits of a windmill for her fans, others, that I believe think I have encouraged them and have presented her once in three years with the from my window: but pray let me have your opishearing of his sheep for her under-petticoats. To nion of the use of a window, in the apartment of a which the knight always adds, that though he did beautiful lady; and how often she may look out not care for fine clothes himself, there should not at the same man, without being supposed to have have been a woman in the country better dressed a mind to jump out to him. than my Lady Coverley. Sir Roger, perhaps, may
“ Yours, in this, as well as in many other of his devices, ap
“ AURELIA CARELESS." pear somewhat odd and singular; but if the humour 0. pin-money prevails, I think it would be very
Twice. proper for every gentleman of an estate to mark “MR. SPECTATOR, out so many acres of it under the title of “The
“ I have for some time made love to a lady, who Pins."-L
received it with all the kind returns I ought to ex.
pect : but, without any provocation that I know of, No. 296.] FRIDAY, FEBRUARY 8, 1711-12. she has of late shunned me with the utmost abhor.
rence, insomuch that she went out of church last -Nugis addere pondus. HoR, 1 Ep. xix. 42 Sunday in the midst of divine service, upon my Add weight to trifles.
coming into the same pew. Pray, Sir, what must “ DEAR SPEC.,
I do in this business?
“ Your Servant, “ Having lately conversed much with the fair
“ EUPHUES." sex on the subject of your speculations (which, since their appearance in public, have been the chief
Let her alone ten days. exercise of the female loquacious faculty), I found the fair ones possessed with a dissatisfaction at your
York, Jan. 20, 1711-12. prefixing Greek mottos to the frontispieces of your
"Mr. SPECTATOR, late papers; and as a man of gallantry, I thought “ We have in this town a sort of people who it a duty incumbent on me to impart it to you in pretend to wit, and write lampoons; I have lately hopes of a reformation, which is only to be effected been the subject of one of them. The scribbler had not by a restoration of the Latin to the usual dignity genius enough in verse to turn my age, as indeed I in your papers, which of late the Greek, to the great am an old maid, into raillery, for affecting a youthdispleasure of your female readers, has usurped; ier turn than is consistent with my time of day; for though the Latin has the recommendation of and therefore he makes the title of his madrigal, being as unintelligible to them as the Greek, yet the character of Mrs. Judith Lovebane, born in the being written in the same character with their year 1680. What I desire of you is, that you dis. mother tongue, by the assistance of a spelling-book | allow that a coscomb, who pretends to write verse, it is legible; which quality the Greek wants: and should put the most malicious thing he can say in since the introduction of operas into this nation, prose. This I humbly conceive will disable our the ladies are so charmed with sounds abstracted country wits, who indeed take a great deal of pains from their ideas, that they adore and honour the to say any thing in rhyme, though they say it very ill. sound of Latin, as it is old Italian. I am a solicilor
" I am, Sir, your humble Servant, for the fair sex, and therefore think myself in that
“ SUSANNA LOYKBAAE,
* MR. SPECTATOR,
The most taking tragedies among the ancients "We are several of us, gentlemen and ladies, were built on this last sort of implex fable, particuwho board in the same house, and after dinner one larly the tragedy of Edipus, which proceeds upon a of our company (an agreeable man enough other story, if we may believe Aristotle, the most proper wise) stands up and reads your paper to us all. for tragedy that could be invented by the wit of We are the civilest people in the world to one an- man. I have taken some pains in a former paper other, and therefore I am forced to this way of de to show, that this kind of implex fable, wherein the siring our reader when he is doing this office, not event is unhappy, is more apt to affect an audience to stand afore the fire. This will be a general good than that of the first kind; notwithstanding many to our family this cold weather. He will
, I know, excellent pieces among the ancients, as well as most take it to be our common request when he comes to of those which have been written of late years in these words, · Pray, Sir, sit down ;' which I desire our own country, are raised upon contrary plans, you to insert, and you will particularly oblige
I must however own, that I think this kind of fable, “ Your daily Reader,
which is the most perfect in tragedy, is not so pro“ CHARITY FROST." per for an heroic poem. “ Sir,
Milton seems to have been sensible of this imper. "I am a great lover of dancing, but cannot per- to cure it by several expedients; particularly by
fection in his fable, and has therefore endeavoured form so well as some others; however, by my out the mortification which the great adversary of manof-the-way capers, and some original grimaces, I do pot fail to divert the company, particularly the kind meets with upon bis return to the assembly of ladies, who laugh immoderately at the time. some, infernal spirits, as it is described in a beautiful paswho pretend to be my friends, tell me they do it in sage of the third book; and likewise by the vision derision, and would advise me to leave it off, withal wherein Adam, at the close of the poem, sees his that I make myself ridiculous. I do not know offspring triumphing over his great enemy, and himwhat to do in this affair, but I am resolved not to self restored to a happier paradise than that from
which he fell. give over upon any account, until I have the opinion of the Spectator.
There is another objection against Milton's fable, “ Your humble Servant,
which is indeed almost the same with the former, “ JOHN TROTT."
thongh placed in a different light, namely—That
the hero in the Paradise Lost is unsuccessful, and " If Mr. Trott is not awkward out of time, he has by no means a match for his enemies. This gives a right to dance let who will laugh; but if he has occasion for Mr. Dryden's reflection, that the devil Do ear he will interrupt others; and I am of opinion was in reality Milton's hero. I think I have obvia, he should sit still. Given under my hand this fifth ated this objection in my first paper. The Paraof February, 1711-12.
dise Lost is an epic, or a narrative poem, and he T.
“ The Spectator.” that looks for a hero in it, searches for that which
Milton never intended; but if he will indeed fix No. 297.] SATURDAY, FEBRUARY 9, 1711.12. the name of a hero upon any person in it, it is cer
tainly the Messiah who is the hero, both in the
principal action and in the chief episodes. PaganEgregio inspersos reprendas corpore nævos.
ism could not furnish out a real action for a fable
greater than that of the Iliad or Æneid, and thereAs perfect beauties somewhere have a mole.-CREECH.
fore a heathen could not form a higher notion of a AFTER what I have said in my last Saturday's poem than one of that kind which they call an hepaper, I shall enter on the subject of this without roic. Whether Milton's is not of a sublimer nature further preface, and remark the several defects I will not presume to determine; it is sufficient which appear in the fable, the characters, the sen- that I show there is in the Paradise Lost all the timents, and the language of Milton's Paradise greatness of plan, regularity of design, and masterly Lost; not doubting but the reader will pardon me, beauties which we discover in Homer and Virgil. if I allege at the same time whatever may be said I must in the next place observe, tbat Milton has for the extenuation of such defects. The first im- interwoven in the texture of this fable some partiperfection which I shall observe in the fable is, that culars which do not seem to have probability enough the event of it is unhappy.
for an epic poem, particularly in the actions which The fable of every poem is, according to Ari-be ascribes to Sin and Death, and the picture which stotle's division, either simple or implex. It is called he draws of the “ Limbo of Vanity,” with other simple when there is no change of fortune in it: passages in the second book. Such allegories ra-' implex, when the fortune of the chief actor changes ther savour of the spirit of Spenser and Ariosto, from bad to good, or from good to bad. The implex than of Homer and Virgil. fable is thought the most perfect: I suppose,
be In the structure of his poem he has likewise adcause it is more proper to stir up the passions of mitted too many digressions. It is finely observed. the reader, and to surprise him with a great variety by Aristotle, that the author of an heroic poem of accidents.
should seldom speak himself, but throw as much of The implex fable is therefore of two kinds : in his work as he can into the mouths of those who are the first, the chief actor makes his way through a his principal actors. Aristotle has given no reason long series of dangers and difficulties, until he ar- for this precept: but I presume it is because the rives at honour and prosperity, as we see in the mind of the reader is more awed, and elevated, stories of Ulysses and Æneas; in the second, the when he hears Æneas or Achilles speak, than when chief actor in the poem falls from some eminent Virgil or Homer talk in their own persons. Be. pitch of honour and prosperity, into misery and dis- sides that, assuming the character of an eminent grace. Thus we see Adam and Eve sinking from man is apt to fire the imagination, and raise the a state of innocence and happiness, into the most ideas of the author. Tully tells us, mentioning his abject condition of sin and sorrow.
dialogue of old age, in which Cato is the chiet SPECTATOR. —Nos. 43 & 44.
Hor. 1 Sat. vi. 66.
speaker, that upon a review of it he was agreeably them as fabulous, as he does in some places, but imposed upon, and fancied that it was Cato, and where he mentions them as truths and matters of not he himself, who uttered his thoughts on that fact. The limits of my paper will not give me subject.
leave to be particular in instances of this kind; the If the reader would be at the pains to see how reader will easily remark them in his perusal of the story of the Iliad and the Æneid is delivered the
poem by those persons who act in it, he will be surprised A third fault in his sentiments is an uneasy osto find how little either of these poems proceeds tentation of learning, which likewise occurs very from the authors. Milton has, in the general dis- frequently. It is certain that both Homer and Virposition of his fable, very finely observed this great gil were masters of all the learning of their times, rule; insomuch that there is scarce a tenth part but it shows itself in their works after an indirect of it which comes from the poet; the rest is spoken and concealed manner. Milton seems ambitious of either by Adam or Eve, or by some good or evil letting us know, by his excursions on free will and spirit who is engaged, either in their destruction, predestination, and his many glances upon history, or defence.
astronomy, geography, and the like, as well as by From what has been here observed, it appears, the terms and phrases he sometimes makes use of, that digressions are by no means to be allowed of in that he was acquainted with the whole circle of an epic poem. If the poet, even in the ordinary arts and sciences. course of his narration, should speak as little as If in the last place we consider the language of possible, he should certainly never let his narration this great poet, we must allow what I have hinted sleep for the sake of any reflections of his own. I in a former paper, that it is often too much laboured, have often observed with a secret admiration, that and sometimes obscured by old words, tra:isposithe longest reflection in the Æneid is in that pas- tions, and foreign idioms. Seneca's objection to sage of the tenth book, where Turnus is represented the style of a great author, Riget ejus oratio, nihil as dressing himself in the spoils of Pallas, whom he in eâ placidum, nihil lene,” is what many critics had slain. Virgil here lets his fable stand still, for make to Milton. As I cannot wholly refute it, so I the sake of the following remark. “ How is the have already apologised for it in another paper : mind of man ignorant of futurity, and unable to to which I may further add, that Milton's sentibear prosperous fortune with moderation! The time ments and ideas were so wonderfully suplime, that will come when Turnus shall wish that he had left it would have been impossible for him to have rethe body of Pallas untouched, and curse the day on presented them in their full strength and beauty, which he dressed himself in these spoils.” As the without having recourse to these foreign assistances. great event of the Æneid, and the death of Turnus, Our language sunk under him, and was unequal to whom Æneas slew because he saw him adorned that greatness of soul which furnished him with with the spoils of Pallas, turns upon this incident, such glorious conceptions. Virgil went out of his way to make this reflection A second fault in his language is, that he often upon it, without which so small a circumstance affects a kind of jingle in his words, as in the folmight possibly have slipt out of his reader's memory lowing passages and many others: Lucan, who was an injudicious poet, lets drop bis
And brought into the world a world of woe. story very frequently for the sake of his unneces
Begirt th’ Almighty throne sary digressions, or bis diverticula, as Scaliger calls Beseeching or besiegingthem. If he gives us an account of the prodigies This tempted our attempt which preceded the civil war, he declaims upon the
At one slight bound high over leapt all bound. occasion, and shows how much happier it would be I know there are figures for this kind of speech; for man, if he did not feel his evil fortune before it that some of the greatest ancients have been guilty comes to pass : and suffer not only by its real of it, and that Aristotle himself has given it a place weight, but by the apprehension of it. Milton's in his rhetoric among the beauties of that art. But complaint for his blindness, his panegyric on mar- as it is in itself poor and trifling, it is, I think, at riage, bis reflections on Adam and Eve's going present universally exploded by all the masters of naked, of the angels' eating, and several other pas- polite writing.. sages in his poem, are liable to the same exception, The last fault which I shall take notice of in Mil. though I must confess there is so great a beauty in ton's style, is the frequent use of what the learned these very digressions, that I would not wish them call technical words, or terms of art. It is one of out of his poem.
the greatest beauties of poetry, to make hard things I have in a former paper spoken of the charac-intelligible, and to deliver what is abstruse of itself ters of Milton's Paradise Lost, and declared my in such easy language as may be understood by opinion as to the allegorical persons who are intro-ordinary readers; besides that the knowledge of a duced in it.
poet should rather seem born with him, or inspired, If we look into the sentiments, I think they are than drawn with books and systems. I have often sometimes defective under the following heads; wondered how Mr. Dryden could translate a pasfirst, as there are several of them too much poiuted, sage out of Virgil after the following manner : and some that degenerate even into puns. Of this last kind I am afraid is that in the first book, where,
Tack to the larboard and stand off to sea, speaking of the pigmies, he calls them
Milton makes use of larboard in the same manner. The small infantry
When he is upon building, he mentions doric pilWarr'd on by cranes
lars, pilasters, cornice, frieze, architrave. When Another blemish that appears in some of his he talks of heavenly bodies, you meet with ecliptic thoughts, is his frequent allusion to heathen fables, and eccentric, the trepidation, stars dropping from which are not certainly of a piece with the divine the zenith, rays culminating from the equator: to subject of which he treats. I do not find fault with which might be added many instances of the like these allusions where the poet himself represents kind in several other arts and sciences.
Veer starboard sea and land.