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Dacy that the most - masculine disposition- need be No. 237.) SATURDAY, DECEMBER 1, 171l. ashamed of; could you satisfy them of the generosity of voluntary civility, and the greatness of soul that Visu carentem magna pars veri latet.- SENECA in Edip. is conspicuous in benevolence without immediate They that are dim of sight see truth by halves. 1 obligations; could you recommend to people's practice the saying of the gentleman quoted in one of

It is very reasonable to believe, that part of the your speculations, That he thought it incumbent pleasure which happy minds shall enjoy in a future upon him to make the inclinations of a woman of the Divine Wisdom in the government of the world,

state, will arise from an enlarged contemplation of merit go along with her duty;' could you, I say, and a discovering of the secret and amazing steps persuade these men of the beauty and reasonableness of this sort of behaviour, I have

so much cha of Providence, from the beginning to the end of rity, for some of them at least, to believe you would time. Nothing seems to be an entertainment more convince them of a thing they are only ashamed to

adapted to the nature of man, if we consider that allow. Besides, you would recommend that state curiosity is one of the strongest and most lasting in its truest

, and consequently its most agreeable appetites implanted in us, and that admiration is colours; and the gentlemen, who have for any time one of our most pleasing passions; and what a perbeen such professed enemies to it, when occasion both these, in a scene so large and various as shall

petual succession of enjoyments will be afforded to should serve, would return you their thanks for as- then be laid

open to our view in the society of susisting their interest in prevailing over their preju. diees. Marriage in general would by this means be perior spirits, who perhaps will join with us in so a more easy and comfortable condition; the hus delightful a prospect ! band would be no where so well satisfied as in his

It is not impossible, on the contrary, that part of own parlour, nor the wife so pleasant as in the the punishment of such as are excluded from bliss, company of her husband. A desire of being agree-vilege, but in having their appetites at the same time

may consist not only in their being denied this priable in the lover would be increased in the husband, and the

mistress be more amiable by becoming the vastly increased without any satisfaction afforded wife. Besides all which, I am apt to believe we

to them. In these, the vain pursuit of knowledge should find the race of mer grow wiser as their shall

, perhaps, add to their infelicity, and bewilder progenitors grew kinder, and the affection of their them into labyrinths of error, darkness, distraction, parents would be conspicuous in the wisdom of their and uncertainty of every thing but their own evil children; in short, men would in general be much state. Milton has thus represented the fallen angels better humoured than they are, did they not so fre- reasoning together in a kind of respite from their quently exercise the worst turns of their temperamidst their very amusements: he could not pro

torments, and creating to themselves a new disquiet where they ought to exert the best.”

perly have described the sport of condemned spirits, “ MR. SPECTATOR,

without that cast of horror and melancholy he has “I am a woman who left the admiration of this so judiciously mingled with them! whole town to throw myself (for love of wealth) into Others apart sat on a hill retird, the arms of a fool. When I married him, I could In thoughts more elevate, and reason'd higb have had any one of several men of sense who lan

of providence, foreknowledge, will, and late,

Fixt fate, freewill, foreknowledge absolute, guished for me; but my case is just. I believed And found no end in wandering mazes lost. * my superior understanding would form him into a tractable creature. But, alas! my spouse has cun

In our present condition, which is a middle state, ning and suspicion, the inseparable companions of our minds are as it were checkered with truth and

falsehood : little minds; and every attempt I make to divert, views imperfect, it is impossible but our curiosity

: and as our faculties are narrow, and our by putting on an agreeable air, a sudden cheerfulness, or kind behaviour, he looks upon as the first mankind in this life being rather to act than to

must meet with many repulses. The business of aet towards an insurrection against his undeserved know, their portion of knowlege is dealt to them doininion pver me. Let every one who is still to choose, and hopes to govern a fool, remember

accordingly. " TRISTISSA."

From hence it is, that the reason of the inquisi

tive has so long been exercised with difficulties, in “ MR. SPECTATOR, St. Martin's, Nov. 25. accounting for the promiscuous distribution of good

This is to complain of an evil practice which I and evil to the virtuous and the wicked in this think very well deserves a redress, though you have world. From bence come all those pathetic com30as yet taken any notice of it, if you mention plaints of so many tragical events which happen to it in voor paper, it may perhaps have a very good perity, which is often the lott of the guilty and the

the wise and the good; and of such surprising proseffect what I mean is

, the disturbance some foolish; that reason is sometimes puzzled, and at a people give to others at church, by their repetition loss what to pronounce upon so mysterious a disof the prayers after the minister; and that not only in the prayers, but also in the absolution; and the

pensation. commandments fare no better, which are in a part- the poets, which seem to reflect on the gods as the

Plato expresses his abhorrence of some fables of salar manner the priest's office : this I have known done in so audible a manner, that sometimes their authors of injustice ; and lays it down as a prin. voices have been as loud as his. As little as you man, whether poverty, sickness, or any of those

ciple, that whatever is permitted to befal a just would think it, this is frequently done by people things which seem to be evils

, shall either in life or seemingly devout. This irreligious inadvertency death conduce to his good.' My reader will ob is a thing extremely offensive : but I do not recommend it as a thing I give you liberty to ridicule, serve how agreeable this maxim is to what we find bat hope it may be amended by the bare mention.

delivered by greater authority. Seneca has written 5:56 Sir, your very humble Servant, T.

WT. S.

1 Spect in folio; for reward, &c.

• Parad. Lost, b. ii. v. 557.

a discourse purposely on this subject :* in which be search for it and demands it of the old man, who takes pains, after the doctrine of the Stoies, to show affirms he had not seen it, and appeals to Heaven that adversity is not in itself an evil; and mentions in witness of his inpocence. The soldier, not be a noble saying of Demetrius, that " nothing would lieving his protestatious, kills him. Moses fell on be more unhappy than a man who had never known his face with borror and amazement, when the Diaffliction." He compares prosperity to the indul vine voice thus prevented his expostulation : “ Be gence of a fond mother to a child, which often not surprised, Moses, nor ask why the Judge of the proves his ruin; but the affection of the Divine whole earth has suffered this thing to come to pass. Being to that of a wise father, who would bave his The child is the occasion that the blood of the old Bons exercised with labour, disappointments, and man is spilt; but know that the old man whom thop pain, that they may gather strength and improve sawest was the murderer of that child's father." their fortitude. On this occasion, the philosopher rises into that celebrated sentiment, that there is not on earth a spectacle more wortby the regard of No. 238.1 MONDAY, DECEMBER 3, 1711. a Creator intent on his works than a brave man su

Nequicquam populo bibulas donaveris aures; perior to his sufferings : to which he adds, that it

Respue quod non es

PERSIUS, Sat. iv. 50. must be a pleasure to Jupiter himself to look down No more to flattering crowds thine ear incline, from heaven, and see Cato amidst the ruins of his Eager to drink the praise which is not thine.

BARWSIA. country preserving his integrity.

This thought will appear yet more reasonable, if AMONG all the diseases of the mind, there is not we consider human life as a state of probation, and one more epidemical or more pernicious than the adversity as the post of honour in it, assigned often love of flattery. For as where the juices of the to the best and most select spirits.

body are prepared to receive the malignant inficBut what I would chiefly insist on here is, that ence, there the disease rages with most violence ; so we are not at present in a proper situation to judge in this distemper of the mind, where there is evet of the councils by which providence acts, since but a propensity and inclination to suck in the poison, little arrives at our knowledge, and even that little it cannot be but that the whole order of reasonable we discern imperfectly; or according to the elegant action must be overturned; for, like music, it figure in holy writ, " we see but in part, and as in

So softens and disarmos the mind, a glass darkly.”+ It is to be considered that Pro- That not one arrow can resistance find. vidence in its economy regards the whole system of time and things together, so that we cannot dis- of others is sure of success.

First, we flatter ourselves, and then the lattery

It awakens our sell. cover the beautiful connexion between incideuts love within, a party which is ever ready to revolt which lie widely separate in time; and by losing so from our better judgment, and join the enemy many links of the chain, our reasonings become without. Hence it is, that the profusion of favours broken and imperfect. T'hus those parts of the we so often see poured upon the parasite, are repre moral world which have not an absolute, may yet septed to us by our self-love, as justice done to the have a relative beauty, in respect of some other man who so agreeably reconciled us to ourselves, parts concealed from us, but open to his eye before When we are overcone by such soft insinuations wbom“ past,” “present," and " to come,” are set and ensnaring compliances, we gladly recompense together in one point of view: and those events, the artifices that are made use of to blind our reason, the permission of which seems now to accuse his and which triumph over the weaknesses of our term. goodness, may in the consummation of things both magnify his goodness, and exalt his wisdom. And per and inclinations. this is enough to check onr presumption, since it is and low a principle this passion is derived, there

But were every man persuaded from how mean in vain to apply our measures of regularity to matters of which we know neither the antecedents nor to gratify it, would then be as contemptibie as he is

can be no doubt that the person who should attempt the consequents, the beginning nor the end. I shall relieve my readers from this abstracted are not possessed of, or inclination to be something

now successful. It is the desire of some quality ve thought, by relating here a Jewish tradition con.

we are not, which are the causes of our giving our cerning Moves, which seems to be a kind of parable, selves up to that man who bestows upon us the illustrating what I have last mentioned. That great characters and qualities of others; which perhaps prophet, it is said, was called up by a voice from suit us as ill, and were as little designed for our heaven

to the top of a mountain; where, in a con: wearing, as their clothes. Instead of going out of ference with the Supreme Being, he was admitted our own complexional nature into that of others, to propose to him some questions concerning bis it were a better and more

laudable industry to imadministration of the universe. In the midst of this divine colloquy he was commanded to look down prove our own, and instead of a miserable cops beon the plain below. At the foot of the mountain come a good original; for there is no temper, da

disposition, so rude and untractable, but may in its there issued out a clear spring of water, 'at which a

own peculiar cast and turn be brought to soldier alighted from his horse to drink. He was

some no sooner gode than a little boy came to the same life. A person of a rougher deportment, and lecs

agreeable use in conversation, or in the affairs of place, and finding a purse of gold which the soldier tied up to the usual ceremonies of behaviour, siis had dropped, took it up and went away with it. Im- like Manly

in the play, please by the grace which mediately after this came an iufirm old man, weary Nature gives to every action wherein she is complied with age and travelling, and having quenched his with; the brisk and lively will not want their adthirst, sat down to rest himself by the side of the mirers, and even a more reserved and melancholy spring. The soldier missing his purse returns to

temper may at some times be agreeable.990 sa.

When there is not vanity enough awake in a man • Vid. Senec • De constantia sapientis, sive quod in sa to undo him, the fatterer stirs up that dormant weak pientem non cadit injuria" 1 I Cor. xiü. 12

• Wycherley's comerly of the Plain Dealer.

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less and inspires him with merit ienough to be a fiou of letters which pass under the name of Arista coxconcb. But if flattery be the most sordid act netus. Of all the remains of antiquity, I behese that can be complied with, the art of praising justly there can be nothing produced of an air so gallant is as commendable; for it is laudable to praise well; and polite ; each letter contains a little novel or adas poets at one and the same time give immortality, venture, which is told with all the beauties of dan. and receive it themselves as a reward. Both are guage, and heightened with a luxuriance of wit. pleased : the one whilst he receives the recompense There are several of them translated ;* but with of merit, the other whilst he shows he knows how such wide deviations from the original, and in a to discera it; but above all, that man is happy in style so far differing from the author's, that the this art, who, like a skilful painter, retains the fea- translator seems rather to have taken hints for the tures and complexion, but still softens the picture expressing his own sense and thoughts, than to have into the most agreeable likeness.

endeavoured to render those of Aristænetus." In There can hardly, I believe, be imagined a more the following translation, I have kept as near the desirable pleasure, than that praise unmixed with meaning of the Greek as I could, and have only any possibility of flattery. Such was that which added a few words to make the sentences in English Germanicus enjoyed, when, the night before a sit together a little better than they would other. baule, desirous of some sincere mark of the esteem wise have done. The story seems to be taken from of his legions for him, he is described by Tacitus that of Pygmalion and the statue of Ovid: some of Listening in a disguise to the discourse of a soldier, the thoughts are of the same turn, and the whole is and wrapped up in the fruition of his glory, whilst written in a kind of poetical prose." with an undesigned sincerity they praised his noble and majestie mien, bis affability, his valour, con

“ PHILOPINAX TO CHROMATION. duct, and success in war. How must a man have “ Never was a man more overcome with so fan his heart full-blown with joy in such an article of tastical a passion as mine: 1 bave painted a beauglory as this? What a spur and encouragement tiful woman, and am despairing, dying for the picstill to proceed in those steps which had already ture. My own skill has undone me; it is not the brought him to so pure a taste of the greatest of dart of Venus, but my own pencil has thus wounded mortal enjoyments ?

Ah, me! with what anxiety am I necessitated It sometines happens that even enemies and en- to adore my own idol! How miserable am I, whilst vious persons bestow the sincerest marks of esteem every one must as much pity the painter as he when they least design it. Such afford a greater praises the picture, and own my torment more than pleasure, as extorted by merit, and freed from all equal to my art! But why do I thus complain? suspicion of favour or fattery. Thus it is with Mal. Have there not been more unhappy and unnatural volio; he has wit, learning, and discernment, but passions than mine? Yes, I have seen the repre. tempered with an allay of envy, self-love, and de-sentations of Phædra, Nareissus, and Pasiphae traction. Malvolio turns pale at the mirth and Phædra was unhappy in her love; that of Pasiphat good bamour of the company, if it centre not in his was monstrous; and whilst the other caught ai his person; he gruws jealous and displeased when he beloved likeness, he destroyed the watery image, ceases to be the only person admired, and looks which ever eluded his embraces. The fountain reupon the commendations paid to another as a de- presented Narcissus to himself, and the picture both traction from his merit, and an attempt to lessen that and him thirsting after his adored image. But the superiority he affects; but by this very method, I am yet less unhappy, I enjoy her presence.cod he bestows such praise as can never be suspected of tinually, and if I touch her, I destroy not the beaufattery. His uneasiness and distaste are so many teous form, but she looks pleased, and a sweet smile sure aźd certaiu signs of another's title to that glory sits in the charming space which divides her lips. be desires, and has the mortification to find himself One would swear that voice and speech were issu. not possessed of,

ing out, and that one's ears felt the melodious A good name is fitly compared to a precious oint- sound. "How often bave I, deceived by a lover's ment, and when we are praised with skill and de- credulity, hearkened if she had not something to cency, it is indeed the most agreeable perfume; but whisper me ! and when frustrated of my bopes, how if too strongly admitted into the brain of a less often have I taken my revenge in kisses from her rigorous and happy texture, it will, like too strong cheeks and eyes, and softly woved her to my eman odour, overcome the senses, and prove pernicious brace, whilst she (as to me it seemed) only with to those nerves it was intended to refresh. A ge- held her tongue the more to inflame me. But, Derotus mind is of all others the most sensible of madman that I am, shall I be thus taken with the praise and dispraise; and a poble spirit is as much representation only of a beauteous face, and flowing in sigorated with its due proportion of honour and hair, and thus waste myself and melt to tears for å applause, as it is depressed by neglect and con- shadow.? Ab, sure it is something more, it is a tempt. But it is only persons far above the common reality; for see her beauties shine out with new leset who are thus affected with either of these ex. lustre, and she seems to upbraid me with unkind tremes, as in a thermometer, it is only the purest reproaches. Oh, may I have a living mistress of and ipost sublimated spirit that is either contracted this form, that when I shall compare the work of Óz dilated by the benignity or inclemency of the nature with that of art, I may be still at a loss which season.

to choose, and be long perplexed with the pleasing ** MR. SPECTAPOR,

uncertainty!" 5. The translations which you have lately giren us from the Greek, in some of your last papers,

By Tom Brown and others. See bis Works, 4 vols, 12mo, bare been the occasion of my looking into some of those anthors; among whom I chanced on a collect


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blows and buffets that he never forgot their hostili. No. 239.1 TUESDAY, DECEMBER 4, 1711.

ties to his dying day. Bella, horrida bella! -VIRG. Æx. vi. 86. There is a way of managing an argument ant Wars, horrid wars !-DRYDEX.

much unlike the former, which is made use of by I have sometimes amused myself with consider-dred thousand disputants on each side, and convince

states and communities, when they draw up a huning the several methods of managing a debate which one another by dint of sword. A certain grand have obtained in the world.

monarch* was so sensible of his strength in this The first races of mankind used to dispute, as our way of reasoning, that he writ upon bis great guns ordinary people do now-a-day, in a kind of wild Ratio ultima regum, “ The logic of kings;" but, logic, uacultivated by rules of art.

God be thanked, he is now pretty well baffled at his Socrates introduced a catechetical method of ar. guing. He would ask his adversary question upon sopher of this kind, one should remember the old

own weapons. When one has to do with a philoquestion, until he had convinced him out of his own mouth, that his opinions were wrong.

gentleman's saying, who had been engaged in an This

way argument with one of the Roman emperors.† Updebating drives an enemy up into a corner, seizes

on his friends telling him that he wondered he all the passes through which he can make an escape, would give up the question, when he had visibly the and forces hiin to surrender at discretion.

better of the dispute; “ I am never ashamed," Aristotle changed this method of attack, and invented a great variety of little weapons, called says he "to be confuted by one who is master of

fifty legions." syllogisms. As in the Socratic way of dispute you I shall but just mention another kind of reasoning, agree to every thing your opponent advances; in which may be called arguing by poll; and another

, the Aristotelic, you are still denying and contra- which is of equal force, in which wagers are made dicting some part or other of what he says. So

use of as arguments, according to the celebrated crates conquers you by stratagem, Aristotle by force. line in Hudibras. I The one takes the town by sap, the other sword in

But the most notable way of managing a controhand. The universities of Europe, for many years, car- versy, is that which we may call arguing by tor

This is a method of reasoning which has been ried on their debates by syllogism, insomuch that made use of with the poor refugees, and which was we see the knowledge of several centuries laid out so fashionable in our country during the reign of into objections and answers, and all the good sense Queen Mary, that in a passage of an author quoted of the age cut and minced into almost an infinitude by Monsieur Bayle, it is said the price of wood was of distinctions.

raised in England, by reason of the executions that When our universities found there was no end of

were made in Smithfield. J These disputanis conwrangling this way, they invented'a kind of argu-vince their adversaries with a sorites. I commonly ment, which is not reducible to any mood or figure called a pile of faggots. The rack is also a kind of in Aristotle. It was called the Argumentum Basi. syllogism which has been used with good effect, and linum (others write it Bacilinum or Baculinum), has made multitudes of converts. "Men were forwbich is pretty well expressed in our English word merly disputed out of their doubts, reconciled to club-law. When they were not able to confute truth by force of reason, and won over to opinions their antagonist, they knocked him down. It was by the candour, sense, and ingenuity of those who their method, in these polemical debates, first to had the right on their side ; but this method of cos. discharge their syllogisms, and afterward to betake viction operated too slowly. Pain was found to be themselves to their clubs, until such time as they much more enlightening than reason. Every scruple had one way or other confounded their gainsayers. was looked upon as obstinacy, and not to be re There is in Oxford a narrow defile (to make use of moved but by engines invented for that purpose, a military term) where the partisans used to en. In a word, the application of whips, racks, gibbets, ccunter; for which reason it still retains the name galleys, dungeons, fire and faggot, in a dispute, may of Logic-lane. I have heard an old gentleman, a he looked upon as popish refinements upon the old physician, make his boasts, that when he was a heathen logic. young fellow he marched several times at the head

There is another way of reasoning which seldom of a troop of Scotists, * and cudgelled a body of fails, though it be of a quite different nature to that Smiglesians,t half the length of High-street, until I have last mentioned. “I mean, convincing a man they had dispersed themselves for shelter into their by ready money, or as it is ordinarily called, bribing respective garrisons.

a man to an opinion. This method has often proved This humour, I find, went very far in Erasmus's successful, when all the others have been made use time. For that author tells us, that upon the re- of to no purpose. A man who is furnished with arvival of Greek letters, most of the universities in guments from the mint, will conviuce bis antagoEurope were divided into Greeks and Trojans. nist much sooner than one who draws them from The latter were those who bore a mortal enmity to the language of the Grecians, insomuch that if they of the understanding; it dissipates every doubt

reason and philosophy. Gold is a wonderful clearer met with any who understood it, they did not fail and scruple in an instant; accommodates itself to to treat him as a foe. Erasmus himself had, it the meanest capacities; silences the loud and claseems, the misfortune to fall into the hands of a party of Trojans, who laid him on with so many

morous, and brings over the most obstinate and in.

• Lewis XIV. of France.

† The Emperor Adrian. The followers of Duns Scotus, a celebrated doctor of the schools, who flourished about the year 1300, and from his op- Ś The author quoted is And. Ammonius. See his ufe in posing some favourite doctrines of Thomas Aquinas, gave rise Bayle's Dict.-The Spectator's memory deceived him in apto a new party called Scotists, in opposition to the Thomists, plying the remark, which was made in the reign of Henry VIIL or followers of the other.

It was, however, much more applicable to that of Queen † The followers of Martin Smiglectus, a famous logician of Mary. the 16th century.

U Å sorites is a heap of propositions thrown together

| Part 2. c. 1. v. 297.

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flexible. Philip of Macedon was a man of most estate, and live as the rest of my neighbours with invincible reason this way. He refuted by it all great hospitality. I have been ever reckoned among the wisdom of Athens, confounded their statesmen, the ladies the best company in the world, and have struck their orators dumb, and at length' argued access as a sort of favourite. I never came in pubthem out of all their liberties.

lic but I saluted them, though in great assemblies, Having here touched upon the several methods all around; where it was seen how genteelly I of disputing, as they have prevailed in different avoided hampering my spurs in their petticoats, ages of the world, I shall very suddenly give my whilst I moved amongst them; and on the other reader an account of the whole art of cavilling; side how prettily they curtsied and received me, which shall be a full and satisfactory answer to all standing in proper rows, and advancing as fast as such papers and pamphlets as have yet appeared they saw their elders, or their betters, dispatched against the Spectator.-C.

by me. But so it is, Mr. Spectator, that all our good breeding is of late lost by the unhappy arrival

of a courtier, or town gentleman, who came lately No. 240.] WEDNESDAY, DECEMBER 5, 1711. among us. This person whenever he came into a Aliter non fit, Avite, liber.-MART. Ep. i. 17.

room made a profound bow, and fell back, then of each materials, Sir, are books composed.

recovered with a soft air, and made a bow to the

next, and so to one or two more, and then took the “MR. SPECTATOR,

gross of the room, by passing them in a continual “ I am one of the most genteel trades in the bow until he arrived at the person he thought procity, and understand thus much of liberal education, per particularly to entertain. This he did with so as to have an ardent ambition of being useful to good a grace and assurance, that it is taken for the mankind, and to think that the chief end of being, present fashion; and there is no young gentlewoman as to this life

. I had these good impressions given within several miles of this place has been kissed me from the handsome behaviour of a learned, ever since his first appearance amongst us. We generous, and wealthy man towards me, when I country gentlemen cannot begin again and learn first began the world. Some dissatisfaction between these fine and reserved airs; and our conversation me and my parents made me enter into it with less is at a stand, until we have your judgment for or relish of business than I ought; and to turn off this against kissing by way of civility or salutation; uneasiness, I gave myself to criminal pleasures, which is impatiently expected by your friends of some excesses, and a general loose 'conduct. I both sexes, but by none so much as know not what the excellent man above mentioned

“ Your humble Servant, saw in me, but he descended from the superiority

“ Rustic SPRIGHTLY." of his wisdom and merit to throw himself frequently into my company. This made me soon hope that “ MR. SPECTATOR, December 3, 1711. I had something in me worth cultivating, and his

“I' was the other night at Philaster, where I exconversation made me sensible of satisfactions in a pected to hear your famous trunk-maker, but was regular way, which I had never before imagined. unhappily disappointed of his company, and saw When he was grown familiar with me, he opened another person who had the like ambition to disa himself like a good angel, and told me be had long tinguish himself in a noisy manner, partly by vocie laboured to ripen me into a preparation to receive feration or talking loud, and partly by his bodily his friendship and advice, both which I should daily agility. This was a very lusty fellow, but withal a command, and the use of any part of his fortune, sort of beau, who getting into one of the side boxes to apply the measures he should propose to me, for on the stage before the curtain drew, was disposed the improvement of my own. I assure you, I can- to show the whole audience his activity by leaping not recollect the goodness and confusion of the over the spikes ; he passed from thence to one of good man when he spoke to this purpose to me, the entering doors, where he took snuff with a to without melting into tears : but in a word, Sir, I lerable good grace, displayed his fine clothes, made must basten to tell you, that my heart burns with two or three feint passes at the curtain with his gratitude towards him, and he is so happy a man, cane, then faced about and appeared at t'other that it can never be in my power to return him his door. Here he affected to survey the whole house; favours in kind; but I am sure I have made him the bowed and smiled at random, and then showed his most agreeable satisfaction I could possibly, in being teeth, which were some of them indeed very wbite. ready to serve others to my utnost ability, as far as After this, he retired behind the curtain, and obis consistent with the prudence he prescribes to me. liged us with several views of his person from every Dear Mr. Spectator, I do not owe to him only the opening. good-will and esteera of my own relations (who are '" During the time of acting he appeared frequently people of distinction), the present ease and plenty in the prince's apartment, made one at the hunting,

my circumstances, but also the government of match, and was very forward in the rebellion. If my passions, and regulation of my desires. I doubt there were no injunctions to the contrary, yet this not, Sir

, but in your imagination such virtues as practice must be confessed to diminish the pleasure these of my worthy friend, bear as great a figure as of the audience, and for that reason to be presumpactions whích are more glittering in the common tuous and unwarrantable ; but since her majesty's estimation. What I would ask of you, is to give late command has made it criminal, t you have as a whole Spectator upon heroic virtue in common authority to take notice of it. life, which may incite men to the same generous inelinations, as have by this admirable person been

'Sir, your bumble Servant, shown lo, and raised in,


« CHARLES EASY." “Sir, your most humble Servant.",

* Different scenes in the play of Philaster, * MR. SPECTATOR,

1 In the play bills about this time there was this clause, "I am a country gentleman, of a good plentifull hind the scenes.”

* By her majesty's command no person is to be admitted beSPECTATOR, Nos. 35 & 36.


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