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upon the doors, and solicited our charity with the part of the price of every thing that is useful; and usual rhetoric of a sick wife or husband at home, if in proportion with the wages the prices of all three or four helpless little children all starving other things should be abated, every labourer with with cold and hunger. We were forced to par: less wages would still be able to purchase as many with some money to get rid of their importunity; necessaries of life ; where then would be the inconand then we proceeded on our journey with the venience? But the price of labour may be reduced blessings and acclamations of these people. by the addition of more bands to a manufacture, and

Well, then,” says Sir Andrew, “ we go off with yet the wages of persons remain as high as ever. the prayers and good wishes of the beggars, and the admirable Sir William Petty has given experhaps too our healths will be drank at the next amples of this in some of his writings: one of ale-house : so all we shall be able to value ourselves them, as I remember, is that of a watch, which I upon is, that we have promoted the trade of the shall endeavour to explain so as shall suit my previctualler and the excises of the government. But sent purpose. It is certain that a single watch how few ounces of wool do we see upon the backs could not be made so cheap in proportion by only of these poor creatures ? And when they shall next one man, as a hundred watches by a hundred; for fall in our way, they will hardly be better dressed; as there is vast variety in the work, no one person they must always live in rags to look like objects could equally suit himself to all the parts of it; the of compassion. 'If their families too are such as manufacture would be tedious, and at last but they are represented, 'tis certain they cannot be clumsily performed. But if a hundred watches better clothed, and must be a great deal worse fed. were to be made by a hundred men, the cases may One would think potatoes should be all their bread, be assigned to one, the dials to another, the wheels and their drink the pure element; and then what to another, the springs to another, and every other goodly customers are the farmers like to have for part to a proper artist. As there would be no need their wool, corn, and cattle? Such customers, and of perplexing any one person with too much variety, such a consumption, cannot choose but advance the every one would be able to perform his single part landed interest, and hold up the rents of the gen- with greater skill and expedition; and the handred tlemen.

watches would be finished in one fourth part of the “ But, of all men living, we merchants, who live by time of the first one, and every one of them at onebuying and selling, ought never to encourage beggars. fourth part of the cost

, though the wages of every The goods which we export are indeed the product of man were equal. The reduction of the price of the the lands, but much the greatest part of their value is manufacture would increase the demand of it; al! the labour of the people ; but how much of these the same hands would be still employed, and as people's labour shall we export whilst we hire them well paid. The same rule will hold in the clothing, to sit still ? The very alms they receive from us are the shipping, and all other trades wbatsoever. And the wages of idleness. I have often thought that no tbus an addition of hands to our manufactures will man should be permitted to take relief from the only reduce the price of them; the labourer will parish, or to ask it in the street, until he has first still have as much wages, and will consequently be purchased as much as possible of his own livelihood enabled to purchase more conveniences of life, so by the labour of his own hands; and then the pub- that every interest in the nation would receive a beTic ought only to be taxed to make good the defi- nefit from the increase of our working people. ciency. If this rule was strictly observed, we “ Besides, I see no occasion for this charity to should see every where such a multitude of new common beggars, since every beggar is an inhalabourers, as would in all probability reduce the bitant of a parish, and every parish is taxed to the prices of all the manufactures. It is the very life maintenance of their own poor. For my own part of merchandise to buy cheap and sell dear. The ! cannot be mightily pleased with the laws which merchant ought to make his outset as cheap as pos- have done this, which have provided better to feed sible, that he may find the greater profit upon his than employ the poor. We have a tradition from returns; and nothing will enable him to do this like our forefathers, that after the first of those laws was the reduction of the price of labour upon all our made, they were insulted with that famous song; manufactures. This too would be the ready way to

Hang sorrow and cast away care, increase the number of our foreign markeis. The

The parish is bound to find us, &c. abatement of the price of the manufacture would And if we will be so good-natured as to maintain pay for the carriage of it to more distant countries; them without work, they can do no less in return and this consequence would be equally beneficial than sing us “The inerry Beggars.' both to the landed and trading interests. As so " What then ? Am I against all acts of charity ? great an addition of labouring hands would produce God forbid ! I know of no virtue in the Gospel that this happy consequence both to the merchant and is in more pathetic expressions recommended to our the gentleman, our liberality to common beggars, practice. I was hungry, and ye gave me no meat ; and every other obstruction to the increase of la. Înirsty, and ye gave me no drink; naked, and ye bourers, must be equally pernicious to both.” clothed me not; a stranger, and ye took me not in;

Sir Andrew then went on to affirm, that the re-sick, and in prison, and ye visited me noti'. Our duction of the prices of our manufactures by the blessed Saviour treats the exercise and neglect of addition of so many new hands, would be no incon- charity towards a poor man, as the performance or venience to any man; but observing I was some breach of this duty towards himself. I shall endea. thing startled at the assertion, he made a short vour to obey the will of my Lord and Master; and pause, and then resumed the discourse. “ It may therefore if an industrious man shall submit to the. seem," says he, "a paradox, that the price of hardest labour and coarsest fare, rather than endure labour should be reduced without an abatement of the shame of taking relief from the parish, or asking wages, or that wages can be abated without any in- it in the street, this is the hungry, the thirsty, the convenience to the labourer, and yet nothing is daked; and I ought to believe, if any man is come more certain than that both these things may hap- hither for shelter against persecution or oppression, pen. The wages of the labourers make the greatest this is the stranger, and Lought to take him in. LE

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Virg. Ecl. x. v. 60.

any countryman of our own is fallen into the hands Simætba, in love with Daphnis the Myndian, pe-, of infidels, and lives in a state of miserable captivity, rished in the fall. this is the man in prison, and I should contribute to Charixus, the brother of Sappho, in love with bis ransom. I ought to give to an hospital of in- Rhodope the courtesan, having spent his whole valids, to recover as many useful subjects as I can; estate upon her, was advised by his sister to leap in but I shall bestow none of my bounties upon an the beginning of his amour, but would not hearken alms-house of idle people; and for the same reason to her until he was reduced to his last talent; being I should not think it' a 'reproach to me if I had forsaken by Rhodope, at length resolved to take the withheld my charity from those common beggars. leap. Perished in it. But we prescribe better rules than we are able to Åridæus, a beautiful youth of Epirus, in love with praetise; we are ashamed not to give into the mis- Praxinoe, the wife of Thespis; escaped without taken customs of our country: but at the same time, damage, saving only that two of his fore-teeth were I cannot but think it a reproach worse than that of struck out and his nose a little flatted. common swearing, that the idle and the abandoned Cleora, a widow of Ephesus, being inconsolable are suffered in the name of Heaven and all that is for the death of her husband, was resolved to take sacred, to extort from Christian and tender minds a this leap in order to get rid of her passion for his supply to a profligate way of life, that is always to memory: but being arrived at the promontory, she be supported, but never relieved."-2.

there met with Dimmachus the Milesian, and after a short conversation with him, laid aside the

thoughts of her leap, and married him in the temple No. 233.] TUESDAY, NOVEMBER 27, 1711. of Apollo. -Tanquam hæc sint nostri medicina suroris,

N.B. Her widow's weeds are still to be seen dat deus ille malis hominum mitescere discat. banging up in the western corner of the temple.

Olphis, the fisherman, having received a box on As if by these my sufferings I could ease ;

the ear from Thestylis the day before, and being Or by iny pains the god of love appease.-DRYDEN.

determined to have no more to do with her, leaped, I SHALL in this paper discharge myself of the and escaped with life. promise I have made to the public, by obliging them Atalanta, an old maid, whose cruelty had several with the translation of the little Greek manuscript, years before driven two or three despairing lovers which is said to have been a piece of those records to this leap: being now in the fifty-fifth year of her that were preserved in the temple of Apollo, upon age, and in love with an officer of Sparta, broke her the promontory of Leucate. It is a short history of neck in the fall. the Lover's Leap, and is inscribed, An account of Hipparchus, being passionately fond of his own persons, male and female, who offered up their vows wife, who was enamoured of Bathyllus, leaped, and in the temple of the Pythian Apollo in the forır: died of his fall; upon which his wife married her sixth Olympiad, and leaped from the promontory of gallant. Leucate into the Ionian sea, in order to cure them. Tettyx, the dancing-master, in love with Olympia, selves of the passion of love.

an Athenian matron, threw himself from the rock This account is very dry in many parts, as only with great agility, but was crippled in the fall. mentioning the name of the lover who leaped, the Diagoras, the usurer, in love with his cook-maid; person he leaped for, and relating in short, that he he peeped several times over the precipice, but bis was either cured, or killed, or maimed, by the fall. heart misgiving him, he went back, and married It indeed gives the names of so many, who died by her that evening. it, that it would have looked like a bill of mortality, Cinædus, after having entered his own name in had I translated it at full length; I have therefore the Pythian records, being asked the name of the made an abridgment of it, and only extracted such person whom he leaped for, and being ashamed to particular passages as have something extraordinary, discover it, he was set aside, and not suffered to either in the case or in the cúre, or in the fate of leap. the person who is mentioned in it. After this short Éunica, a maid of Paphos, aged nineteen, in love preface take the account as follows:

with Eurybates. Hurt in the fall, but recovered Battus, the son of Menalcas the Sicilian, leaped N. B. This was the second time of her leaping. for Bombyca the musician: got rid of his passion Hesperus, a young man of Tarentum, in love with the loss of his right leg and arm, which were with his master's daughter. Drowned, the boats broken in the fall.

not coming in soon enough to his relief. Melissa, in love with Daphuis, very much bruised, Sappho, the Lesbian, in love with Phaon, arrived bat eseaped with life.

at the temple of Apollo habited like a bride, in garCynisca the wife of Æschines, being in love with ments as white as snow. She wore a garland of Lycus; and Æschines her busband being in love myrtle on her head, and carried in her hand the with Eurilla (which had made this married couple little musical instrument of her own invention. very uneasy to one another for several years); both After having sung a hymn to Apollo, she hung up the husband and the wife took the leap by consent; her garland on one side of his altar, and her harp they both of them escaped, and have lived very hap on the other. She then tucked up her vestments pily together ever since.

like a Spartan virgin, and amidst thousands of Larissa, a virgin of Thessalý, deserted by Plexip- spectators, who were anxious for her safety and of. pas, after a courtship of three years ; she stood upon fered up vows for her deliverance, marched directly the brow of the promontory for some time, and after forwards to the utmost summit of the promontory, baving thrown down a ring, a bracelet, and a little where, after having repeated a stanza of her own picture, with other presents which she had received verses, which we could not hear, she threw herself from Plexippus, she threw herself into the sea, and off the rock with such an intrepidity as was never was taken up alive.'}

before observed in any who had attempted that N. B. Larissa, before she leaped, made an offer- dangerous leap. Many who were present related, ing of a silver Cupid in the temple of Apollo. that they saw her fall into the sea, from whence she

126

nerer rose again;" though there were others who lie a truth. He will; as if he did not know any affirmed that she never came to the bottom of her thing of the circumstance, ask one whom he koos's leap, but that she was changed into a swan as she at variance with another, what is the meaning that fell, and that they saw her hovering in the air Mr. Such-a-one, naming his adversary, does not under that shape. But whether or no the whiteness applaud him with that heartiness which formerly and Huttering of her garments might not deceive he has heard him?" He said, indeed," continues those who looked upon her, or whether she might be," I would rather have that man for my friend not really be metamorphosed into that musical and than any man in England; but for an euems" melancholy bird, is still a doubt among the Lesbians. This melts the person he talks to, who expected

· Alcæus, the famous lyric poet, who had for some nothing but downright raillery from that side. Actime been passionately in love with Sappho, arrived cording as he sees his practice succeed, he goes to at the promontory of Leucate that very evening in the opposite party, and tells him, he cannot imagine order to take the leap upon her account; but hear- how it happens that some people know one another ing that Sappho had been there before him, and so little ; " You spoke with so much coldness of that her body could be no where found, he very gentleman who said more good of you, than, let me generously lamented ner fall, and is said to have tell you, any man living deserves." The success written his hundred and twenty-fifth ode upon that of one of these incidents was that the next time one occasion.

of the adversaries spied the other, he heins after Leaped in this Olympiad.

him in the public street, and they must crack a Males

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bottle at the next tavern, that used to turn out of Females

the other's way to avoid one another's eye-shot.

He will tell one beauty she was commended by 250

another, nay, he will say she gave the woman be Cured.

speaks to the preference in a particular for which Males ..

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she herself is admired. The pleasantest confusion Females

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imaginable is made through the whole town by my

friend's indirect offices. You shall have a visit reC.

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turned after half a year's absence, and mutual rail. ing at each other every day of that time. They

meet with a thousand lamentations for so long i No. 234,1 WEDNESDAY, NOV. 28, 1711,

separation, each party naming herself for the greatVellem in amicitia sic erraremus.—Hor. 1 Sat. iii. 41.

esi delinquent, if the other can possibly be so good I wish this error in your friendship reign d.-CREECA.

as to forgive her, which she has no reason in the

world, but from the knowledge of ber goodness, to You very often hear people, after a story has hope for. Very often a whole train cf ruilers of been told with some entertaining circumstances, each side tire their horses in setting matters right tell it over again with particulars that destroy the which they have said during the war between the jest, but give light into the truth of the narration. parties; and a whole circle of acquaintance are put This sort of veracity, though it is impertinent, has into a thousand pleasing passions and sentiments, something amiable in it, because it proceeds from instead of the pangs of anger, envy, detraction, and the love of truth, even in frivolous occasions. If malice. such honest amendments do not promise an agrec

The worst evil I ever observed this man's false. able companion, they do a sincere friend; for which hood occasion, bas been, that he tumed detraction reason one should allow them so much of our time, into Aattery. He is well skilled in the manners' DE if we fall into their company, as to set us right in the world, and by overlooking what men really art matters that can do us no manner of harm, whether he grounds his artifices upon what they have a the facts be one way or the other. Lies which are mind to be. 'Upon this foundation, if two distant told out of arrogance and ostentation, a man should friends are brought together, and the cement seems detect in his own defence, because he should nat bęs to be weak, he never rests until he finds new aptriumphed over. Lies which are told out of malice pearances to take off all remains of ill-will, anu he should expose, both for his own sake and that of that by new misunderstandings they are thoroughly the rest of mankind, because every man should rise reconciled. against a common enemy; but the officious liar,

“ TO CHE SPECTATOR. many have argued, is to be excused, because it dues some man good, and no man hurt. The man who

Devonshire, Nov. 14, 1711. made more than ordinary speed from a fight in

“ There arrived in this neighbourhood two days which the Athenians were beaten, and told them ago one of your gay gentlemen of the town, who they had obtained a complete victory, and put the being attended at his entry with a servant of his whole city into the utmost joy and exultation, was own, besides a coautryman he had taken up for a checked by the magistrates for this falsehood; bat guide, excited the curiosity of the village to learn excused himself by saying, “ O Athenians ! am I whence and what he might be. The countryman (to your enemy because I gave you two happy days p” whom they applied as most easy of access) knew little This fellow did to a whole people what an acquaint- more than that the gentleman came from London wce of mine does every day he lives, in some emi- to travel and see fashions, and was, as he heard say, aent degree, to particular persons. He is ever freethinker.. What religion that might be, he lying people into good humour, and as Plato said could not tell: and for his own part, if they had bot it was allowable in physicians to lie to their patients told hin the man was a freethinker, he should have to keep up their spirits, I am half doubtful whether guessed, by his way of talking, he was little beiter my friend's behaviour is not as excusable. His manner is to express himself surprised at the cheerful countenance of a man whom he observes diffident who is said hy the Examiner to have been the butt of the

• The person here alluded to was probably Mr. Toland, of hiunself; and generally by that means makes bis Tatier and Spectator.

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than a heathen ; excepting only that he had been • Trunk-maker in the upper gallery.”. Whether it a good gentleman to him, and made him drunk be that the blow he gives on these occasions re. twice in one day over and above what they had bar- sembles that which is often heard in the shops of gained for,

such artisans, or that he was supposed to have been * I do not look upon the simplicity of this, and a real trunk-maker, who, after the finishing of his several odd inquiries with which I shall not trouble day's work, used to unbead his wind at these public you, to be wondered at, much less can I think that diversions with his hammer in his hand, I cannot our youths of fine wit, and enlarged understandings, certainly tell. There are some, I know, who have been have any reason to laugh. There is uo necessity foolish enough to imagine it is a spirit which haunte that every 'equire in Great Britain should know the upper gallery, and from time to time makes what the word freethinker stands for; but it were those strange noises; and the rather, because he much to be wished, that they who value themselves is observed to be louder than ordinary every time upon that conceited title, were a little better in the ghost of Hamlet appears. Others have reported, structed in wbat it ought to stand for; and that they that it is a dumb' man, who has chosen this way of would not persuade themselves a man is really uttering himself when he is transported with any and truly a freethinker, in any tolerable sense, thing he sees or bears. Others will have it to be merely by virtue of bis being an atheist, or an in- the playhouse thunderer, that exerts himself after fidel of any other distinction. It may be doubted this manner in the upper gallery, when he has nowith good reason, whether there ever was in nature thing to do upon the roof. a more abject, slavish, and bigoted generation than But having made it my ousiness to get the best the tribe of beaux-esprits, at present so prevailing in information I could in a matter of this moment, I this island. Their pretension to be freethinkers, is find that the trunk-maker, as he is commonly called, is no other than rakes bave to be free-livers, and sa- a large black man whom nobody knows. Hegenerally vages to be free-nen; that is, they can think what- leaus forward on a huge oaken plank with great ever they have a mind to, and give themselves up attention to every thing that passes upon the stage. to whatever conceit the extravagancy of their in- He is never seen to smile; but upon hearing any clination, or their fancy, shall suggest; they can thing that pleases him, he takes up his staff with think as wildly as they talk and act, and will not both hands, and lays it upon the next piece of endure that their wit should be controlled by such timber that stands in his way with exceeding veheformal things as decency and common sense. Demence: after which, he composes himself in bis duction, coherence, consistency, and all the rules former posture, till such time as something new sets of reason they accordingly disdain, as too precise him again at work. and mechanical for men of a liberal education. It has been observed, his blow is so well-timed,

“ This, as far as I could ever learn from their that the most judicious critic could never except writings, or my own observation, is a true account against it. As soon as any shining thought is ex. of the British freethinker. Our visitant here, who pressed in the poet, or any uncommon grace apgase occasion to this paper, bas brought with him a pears in the actor, he smites the bench or wainscot. new system of common sense, the particulars of if the audience does not concur with him, he smites which I am not yet acquainted with, but will lose a second time; and if the audience is not yet no opportunity of informing myself whether it con- awakened, looks round him with great wrath, and tain any thing worth Mr. Spectator's notice. In repeats the blow a third time, which never fails to the mean time, Sir, I cannot but think it would produce the clap. He sometimes lets the audience be for the good of mankind, if you would take begin the clap of themselves, and at the conclusion this subject into your consideration, and convince of their applause ratifies it with a single thwack.. the hopeful youth of our nation, that licentiousness He is of so great use to the playhouse, that it is. is not freedom; or, if such a paradox will not be said a former director of it, upon his not being able understood, that a prejudice towards atheism is not to pay his attendance by reason of sickness, skept impartiality,

one in pay to officiate for him until such time as he " I am, Sir, your most bumble Servant, recovered; but the person so employed, though he T.

Philonous.”

laid about him with incredible violence, did it in such wrong places, that the audience soon

found out that it was not their old friend the trunk. No. 235.) THURSDAY, NOVEMBER 29, 1711. maker.

It has been remarked, that he has not yet exerted Populares Vincentem strepitus

himself with vigour this season. He sometimes

HOR. Ars Poet. v. 81. Awes the tumaltuous noises the pit.—Roscommon.

plies at the opera; and upon Nicolini's first ap

pearance was said to have demolished three benches THERE is nothing which lies more within the in the fury of his applause He has broken half a prosince of a Spectator than public shows and dozen oaken planks upon Dogget,* and seldom goes diversions, and as among these there are none away from a tragedy of Shakspeare without leaving which can pretend to vie with those elegant enter the wainscot extremely shattered. tainments that are exhibited in our theatres, I think The players do not only connive at his obstreit particularly incumbent on me to take notice of perous approbation, but very cheerfully repair at every thing that is remarkable in such numerous their own cost whatever damages he makes. They and refined assemblies.

once had a thought of erecting a kind of wooden It is observed, that of late years there has been a anvil for his use, that should be made of a very certain person in the upper gallery of the play-sounding plank, in order to render his strokes more horisc, who, when he is pleased with any thing that is acted upon the stage, expresses his approbation by a loud knock upon the benches or the wainscot, • Thomas Dogget, an excellent comic actor, who was for which may be heard over the whole theatre. This many years joint manager of the playhouse with Wilkes and person is commonly knowd by the name of the count in Cibber's Apology for his own Life..

, of whom the

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deep and mellow; but

but as this might not have been the peculiarity in the youth of Great Britain of distinguished from the music of a kettle-drum, the railing and laughing at that institution; and when project was laid aside.

they fall into it, from a profligate babit of mind, In the meanwhile, I cannot but take notice of being ineensible of the satisfaction in that way of the great use it is to an audience, that a person life, and treating their wives with the most barbarous should thus preside over their heads like the director disrespect. of a concert, in order to awaken their attention, " Particular circumstances, and cast of temper, and beat time to their applauses; or, to raise my must teach a man the probability of mighty uneasi. simile, I have sometimes fancied the trunk-maker nesses in that state ; (for unquestionably some there 1 in the upper gallery to be like Virgil's ruler of are whose very dispositions are strangely a verse to the winds, seated upon the top of a mountain, conjugal friendship) but no one, I believe, is by his who, when he struck his sceptre upon the side of it, own natural complexion prompted to tease and torroused a hurricane, and set the whole cavern in an ment another for no reason but being nearly allied uproar.*

to him. And can there be any thing more base, or It is certain the trunk-maker has saved many a serve to sink a man so much below his own distingood play, and brought many a graceful actor into guishing characteristic (I mean reason), tban rereputation, who would not otherwise bave been turning evil for good in so open a manger, as that taken notice of. It is very visible, as the audience of treating a helpless creature with unkindness, who is not a little abashed, if they find themselves be- has had so good an opinion of him as to believe trayed into a clap, when their friend in the upper what he said relating to one of the greatest congallery does not come into it; so the actors do not cerns of life, by delivering her happiness in this value themselves upon the clap, but regard it as a world to his care and protection ? Must Dol that mere brutum fulmen, or empty noise, when it has man be abandoned even to all manner of bumanity, not the sound of the oaken plant in it. I know it who can deceive a woman with appearances of afhas been given out by those who are enemies to fection and kindness, for no other end but to torthe trunk-maker, that he has sometimes been bribed Dient her with more ease and authority? Is any to be in the interest of a bad poet, or a vicious thing more unlike a gentleman, than when his hoplayer; but this is a surmise which has no foun- nour is engaged for the performing bis promises, bedation : his strokes are always just, and bis admoni- cause nothing but that can oblige him to it, to become tions seasonable: he does not deal about his blows afterward false to his word, and be alone the occaat random, but always hits the right nail upon the sion of misery to one whose happiness he bat lately head. The inexpressible force wherewith he lays pretended was dearer to him than his own? Ought them on sufficiently shows the evidence and strength such a one to be trusted in his common affairs ? or of his conviction. "His zeal for a good author is in. treated but as one whose honesty consisted only in deed outrageous, and breaks down every fence and his incapacity of being otherwise ? partition, every board and plank, that stands within “There is one cause of this usage no less absurd the expression of his applause.

than common, which takes place among the more As I do not care for terminating my thoughts in unthinking men; and that is

, the desire to appear barren speculations, or in reports of pure matter of to their friends free and at liberty, and without fact, without drawing something from them for the those trammels they have so mucb ridiculed. To advantage of my countrymen, I shall take the liberty avoid this they fly into the other extreme, and grow to make a humble proposal, that whenever the tyrants that they may seem masters. Because an trunk-maker shall depart this life, or whenever he uncontrollable command of their own actions is a shall have lost the spring of his arm by sickness, certain sign of entire dominion, they won't so much old age, infirmity, or the like, some able-bodied as recede from the government even in one muscle critic should be advanced to this post, and have a of their faces. A kind look they believe would be competent salary settled on him for life, to be fur-fawning, and a civil answer yielding the superiority. nished with bamboos for operas, crab-tree cudgels To this must we attribute an austerity they betray for comedies, and oaken plants for tragedy, at the in every action. What but this can put a inan out public expense. And to the end that this place of humour in his wife's company, though he is so should be always disposed of according to merit, I distinguishingly pleasant every where else? The would have done preferred to it, who has not given bitterness of his replies, and the severity of his convincing proofs both of a sound judgment, and a frowns to the tenderest of wives, clearly demonstrate, strong arm; and who could not, upon occasion, that an ill-grounded fear of being thought too subeither knock down an ox, or write a comment upon missive, is at the bottom of this, as I am willing to Horace's Art of Poetry. In short, I would have call it, affected moroseness ; but if it be such, only him a due composition of Hercules and A pollo, and put on to convince his acquaintace of his entire do80 rightly qualified for this important office, that minion, let him take care of the consequence, which the trunk-maker may not be missed by our pós- will be certain and worse than the present evil; bis terity.-C.

seeming indifference will by degrees grow into real contempt, and if it doth not wholly alienate the af

fections of his wife for ever from him, make both No. 236. FRIDAY, NOVEMBER 30, 1711.

him and her more miserable than if it really did so. Dare jura maritis.-Hor. Ars. Poet. v. 398. “ However inconsistent it may appear to be With laws conubial tyrants to restrain.

thought a well-bred person has no small share in “MR. SPECTATOR,

this clownish behaviour. A discourse therefore re“ You have not spoken in so direct a manner wife, would be of great use to this sort of gentlemen,

lating to good breeding towards a loying and tender upon the subject of marriage as that important case Could you but once convince them, that to be civil deserves. It would not be improper to observe upon at least is not beneath the

character of a gentleman,

nor even tender affection towards one who would • Æneid i. 85.

make it reciprocal, betrays any softness or effemi

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