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temper which inclines us to think amiss of those particles. Tbese are what we commonly call scolds ; who differ froin us.
who imitate the animals out of wbich they were If we look into the manners of the most remote taken, that are always busy and barking, that snarl ages of the world, we discover human nature in her at every one who comes in their way, and live in simplicity; and the more we come downward to-perpetual clamour. wards our own times, may observe her hiding her. The fourth kind of women were made out of self in artifices and refinements, polished insepsibly the earth. These are your sluggards, who pass away out of her original plainness, and at length entirely their time in indolence and ignorance, hover over lost under form and ceremony, and (what we cali) the fire a whole winter, and apply themselves wita good-breeding. Read the accounts of men and wo- alacrity to no kind of business but eating. men as they are given us by the most ancient writers, “ The fifth species of females were made out of both sacred and profane, and you would think you the sea. These are women of variable, uneven teinwere reading the history of another species. pers, sometimes all storm and tempest, sometimes
Among the writers of antiquity, there are none all calm and sunshine. The stranger who sees one who instruct us more openly in the manners of their of these in her smiles and smoothness, would cry respective times in which they lived, than those who her up for a miracle of good-humour; but on a sudhave employed themselves in satire, under what den her looks and her words are chauged, she is dress soever it may appear; as there are no other nothing but fury and outrage, noise and hurricane. antbors whose province it is to enter so directly into “ The sixth species were made up of the ingredi. the ways of men, and set their miscarriages in so ents which compose an ass, or a beast of burden. strong a light.
These are naturally exceeding slothful, but, upon Simonides, a poet famous in his generation, is, I the husband's exerting his authority, will live upon think, author of the oldest satire that is now extant; hard fare, and do every thing to please him. They and, as some say, of the first that was ever written. are however far from being averse to venereal pleaThis poet who flourished about four hundred years after sures, and seldom refuse a male companion. the siege of Troy, shows, by his way of writing, the “ The cat furnished materials for a seventh species simplicity, or rather coarseness, of the age in which of women, who are of a melancholy, froward, unamihe lived." I have taken notice, in my hundred-and-able nature, and so repugnant to the offers of love sixty-first speculation, that the rule of observing that they fly in the face of their husband when he what the French call the Bienséance in an allusion, approaches them with conjugal endearments. This has been found out of latter years ; and that the an- species of women are likewise subject to little thefts, cients, provided there was a likeness in their simi-cheats, and pilferings. litudes, did not much trouble themselves about the “The mare with a flowing mane, which was uever decency of the comparison. The satires or iambics broke to any servile toil and labour, composed an of Simonides, with which I shall entertain my readers eighth species of women. These are they who have in the present paper, are a remarkable instance of little regard for their husbands, who pass away their what I formerly advanced. The subject of this sa- time in dressing, bathing, and perfuming; who tire is womau. He describes the sex in their several | throw their hair
into the nicest curls, and trick it characters, which he derives to them from a fanciful up with the fairest flowers and garlands. A woman supposition raised upon the doctrine of pre-existence. of this species is a very pretty thing for a stranger He tells us that the gods formed the souls of women to look upon, but very detrimental to the owner, out of those seeds and principles which compose se- unless it be a king or a prince who takes a fancy veral kinds of animals and elements; and that their to such a toy. good or bad dispositions arise in them according as The ninth species of females were taken out of such and such seeds and principles predominate in the ape. These are such as are both ugly and illtheir constitutions. I have translated the author natured, who have nothing beautiful in themselves, very faithfully, and if not word for word (which our and endeavour to detract from or ridicule every language would not bear), at least so as to compre- thing which appears so in others. bend every one of his sentiments, without adding "The tenth and last species of women were made any thing of my own. I have already apologized out of the bee; and happy is the man who gets such for this author's want of delicacy, and must further a one for his wife. She is altogether faultless and premise, that the following satire affects only some unblameable. Her family flourishes and improves of the lower part of the sex, and not those who have by her good management. She loves her husband, been refined by a polite education, which was not and is beloved by him. She brings him a race of so common in the age of this poet.
beautiful and virtuous children. She distinguishes
herself among her sex. She is surrounded with "In the beginning God made the souls of woman. graces. She never sits among the loose tribe of kind out of different materials, and in a separate women, nor passes away her time with them in state from their bodies.
wanton discourses. She is full of virtue and pruThe souls of one kind of women were formed dence, and is the best wife that Jupiter can bestow out of those ingredients which compose a swine. A un man.” woman of this make is a slut in her house and a I shall conclude these iambics with the motto of glutron at her table. She is uncleanly in her per- this paper, which is a fragment of the same author. son, a slattern in her dress, and her family is no "A man cannot possess any thing that is better better than a dunghill.
than a good woman, nor any thing that is worse " A second sort of female soul was formed out of than a bad one. the same materials that enter into the composition As the poet has shown a great penetration in this of a fox. Such a one is wbat we call a notable diversity of female characters, he has avoided the discerning woman, who has an insight into every fault which Juvenal and Monsieur Boileau are thing whetber it be good or bad. In this species of guilty of, the former in his sixth, and the other in tennales there are some firtuous and some vicious. he last satire, where they have endeavoured to ex" A third kind of women were made up of caninc pose the sex in general
, without doing justice to
the valuable part of it. Such levelling 'satires are “ Now let us consider what happens to us when of no use to the world; and for this reason I have we arrive at these imaginary points of rest. Dove often wondered how the French author above men stop our motion and sit down satisfied in the settletioned, who was a nian of exquisite judgment, and ment we have gained ? or are we not removing the a lover of virtue, could think human nature a proper boundary, and marking out new points of rest, to subject for satire in another of his celebrated pieces, which we press forward with the like eagerness, and which is called the Satire upon Man. What vice which cease to be such as fast as we attain them? or frailty can a discourse correct, which censures | Our case is like that of a traveller upon the Alps, the whole species alike, and endeavours to show by who should fancy that the top of the next bill must some superficial strokes of wit, that brutes are the end his journey, because it terminates his prospect; more excellent creatures of the two? A satire but he no sooner arrives at it, than he sees new should expose nothing but what is corrigible, and ground and other hills beyond it, and continues to make a due discrimination between those who are, travel on as before. and those who are not, the proper objects of it.-L. “ This is so plainly every man's condition in life,
that there is no one who has observed any thing,
but may observe, that as fast as his time wears away, No. 210.) WEDNESDAY, OCTOBER 31, 1711. his appetite to something future remains. The use
therefore I would make of it is, that since Nature Nescio quomodo inhæret in mentibus quasi sæculorum * dam augurium futurorum; idque in maxinis ingeniis altissi. (as some love to express it) does nothing in vain, or misque animis et existit maxime, et apparet facillime. to speak properly, since the Author of our being
Cic. Tusc. Quæst. has planted no wandering passion in it, no desire There is, I know not how, in minds a certain presage, as it which has not its object, futurity is the proper ob
, is most discoverable, in the greatest geniuses and most exalted ject of the passion so constantly exercised about it:
and this restlessness in the present, this assigning " TO THE SFECTATOR.
ourselves over to further stages of duration, this "Sir,
successive grasping at somewhat still to come, apof generous and worthy actions, is the baving gene mind of man has of its own immortality. "I am fully persuaded that one of the best springs pears to me (whatever it may be to others) as a
kind of instinct, or natural symptom, which the rous and worthy thoughts of ourselves. Whoever has a mean opinion of the dignity of his nature,
“ I take it at the same time for granted, that the will act in no higher a rank than he has allotted immortality of the soul is sufficiently established by himself in his own estimation. If he considers his other arguments : and, if so, this appetite, which being as circumscribed by the uncertain term of a
otherwise would be very unaccountable and absurd, few years, bis designs will be contracted into the seems very reasonable, and adds strength to the same narrow span be imagines is to bound his conclusion. But I am amazed when I consider existence. How can he exalt his thoughts to any of every argument, can form to themselves a sullen
there are creatures capable of thought, who, in spite thing great and noble, who only believes that after a short turn on the stage of this world, he is to thing so pitifully mean in the inverted ambition of
satisfaction in thinking otherwise. There is somesink into oblivion, and to lose his consciousness for that man who can hope for annihilation, and please ever?
For this reason I am of opinion, that so useful himself to think that his whole fabric shall one day and elevated a contemplation as that of the soul's crumble into dust, and mix with the mass of inani. immortality cannot be resumed too often. There mate beings, that it equally deserves our admirais not a more improving exercise to the human tion and pily. The mystery of such men's unbelief mind, than to be frequently reviewing its own
is not hard to be penetrated ; and indeed amounts great privileges and endowments; nor a more
to nothing more than a sordid hope that they shall effectual means* to awaken in us an ambition raised not be immortal, because they dare pot be so. above low objects and little pursuits, than to value and gives me occasion to say further, that as worthy
“ This brings me back to my first observation, ourselves as heirs of eternity.
" It is a very great satisfaction to consider the actions spring from worthy thoughts, so worthy best and wisest of mankind in all nations and ages, actions. But the wretch who has degraded himself
thoughts are likewise the consequence of worthy asserting as with one voice this their birthright; below the character of immortality, is very willing and to find it ratified by an express revelation. At to resign his pretensions to it, and to substitute in the same time if we turn our thoughts inward upon its room a dark negative happiness in the extinction ourselves, we may meet with a kind of secret sense
of his being. concurring with the proofs of our own immortality. “ You have, in my opinion, raised a good pre image of the unsupported condition of such a person
“ The admirable Shakspeare has given us a strong sumptive argument from the increasing appetite the in his last minutes, in the second part of King Henry mind has to knowledge, and to the extending its own faculties, which cannot be accomplished, as the the Sixth, where Cardinal Beaufort, who had been more restrained perfection of lower creatures may, is represented on his death-bed. After some short
concerned in the murder of the good Duke Humphry, in the limits of a short life. I think another pro- confused speeches, which show an imagination disbable conjecture may be raised from our appetite to turbed with guilt
, just as he is expiring, King duration itself, and from a reflection on our progress Henry, standing by him full of compassion, says, through the several stages of it. •We are complaining,' as you observed in a former speculation,
Lord Cardinal ! if thou thinkest on heaven's bliss, of the shortness of life, and yet are perpetually
Hold up thy hand, make signal of thy hope !
He dies and makes no sign! hurrying over the parts of it, to arrive at certain little settlements or imaginary points of rest, which
“ The despair which is here shown, without a are dispersed up and down in it.'
word or action on the part of a dying person, is be
yond what can be painted by the most forcible expressions whatever.
From tenement to tenement is toss'd, "I sball not pursue this thought further, but only
The soul is still the same, the figure only lost. add, that as annihilation is not to be had with a
Then let not piety be put to flight, wish, so it is the most abject thing in the world to
To please the taste of glutton appetite : wish it. What are honour, fame, wealth, or power,
But suffer inmate souls secure to dwell,
Lest from their seats your parents you expel; when compared with the generous expectation of a
With rabid hunger feed upon your kind, being without end, and a happiness adequate to
Or from a beast dislodge a brother's mind. that being ?
"I shall trouble you no further, but with a cer- Plato, in the vision of Eurus the Armenian, which taia gravity which these thoughts have given me, II may possibly make the subject of a future spereflect upon some things people say of you (as they culation, records some beautiful transmigrations; will of all men who distinguish themselves), which as that the soul of Orpheus, who was musical, meI hope are not true, and wish you as good a man as lancholy, and a woman-hater, entered into a swan; you are an author.
the soul of Ajax, which was all wrath and fierceness, "I am, Sir, your most obedient, humble Servant, into a lion; the soul of Agamemnon, that was *T.
«T. D.” rapacious and imperial, into an eagle; and the
soul of Thersites, who was a mimic and a buffoon,
into a monkey. No. 211.) THURSDAY, NOVEMBER 1, 1711. Mr. Congreve, in a prologue to one of his
comedies, bas touched upon this doctrine with Fictis meminerit nos jocari fabulis.-PkxDr. I. 1. Prol
great humour: Let it be remembered that we sport in fabled stories.
Thus Aristotle's soul of old that was, Haying lately translated the fragment of an old
May now be damn'd to animate an ass ; poet, which describes womankind under several
Or in this very house, for aught we know, characters, and supposes them to have drawn their Is doing painful penance in some beau. different manners and dispositions from those animals and elements out of which he tells us they
I shall fill up this paper with some letters which were compounded; I had some thoughts of giving my last Tuesday's speculation has produced. My the sex their revenge, by laying together in another following correspondents will show, what I there paper the many vicious characters which prevail in observed, that the speculation of that day affects the male world, and showing the different ingre- only the lower part of the sex. dients that go to the making up of such different
“ From my house in the Strand, kumours and constitutions. Horace has a thought
October 3, 1711. which is something akin to this, when, in order to “ MR. SpectATOR, excuse himself to his mistress for an invective which be had written against her, and to account several symptoms in my constitution that I am a
“ Upon reading your Tuesday's paper, I find by for that unreasonable fury with which the heart of bee. My shop, or, if you please to call it so, my man is often transported, be tells us that, when cell
, is in that great hive of females which goes by Prometheus made his map of clay, in the kneading the
name of the New Exchange ; where I am daily up of the heart, be seasoned it with some furious particles of the lion. But upon turning this plan employed in gathering together a little stock of to and fro in my thoughts, 1 observed so many' un gain from the finest flowers about the town, I mean
I have a numerous accountable humours in man, that I did not know the ladies and the beaux. out of what animals to fetch them. Male souls are tion I am able. But, Sir, it is my misfortune to be
swarm of children, to whom I give the best educa. diversified with so many characters, that the world has not variety of materials sufficient to furnish out married to a drone, who lives upon what I get, their different tempers and inclinations. The
without bringing any thing into the common stock. creation, with all its animals and elements
, would Now, Sir, as on the one hand I take care not to not be large enough to supply their several extra- I would not have him look upon me as a humble
behave myself towards him like a wasp, so likewise vagancies.
Instead therefore of pursuing the thought of Si- bee; for which reason I do all I can to put him manides, I shall observe, that as he has exposed the upon laying up provisions for a bad day, and frevicious part of women from the doctrine of pre- and negligence may bring upon us in our old age,
quently represent to him the fatal effects his sloth existence, some of the ancient philosophers have in 1 must beg that you will join with me in your good a manner sutirized the vicious part of the human advice upon this occasion, and you will for ever species in gereral, from a notion of the soul's post. oblige
“ Your humble Servant, existence, if I may so call it; and that as Simon
“ MELISSA." des deseribes brutes entering into the composition of women, others have represented human souls as Sir, Piccadilly, October 31, 1711. entering into brutes. This is commonly termed the doctrine of transmigration, which supposes that those fillies who are described in the old poet with
“I am joined in wedlock for my sins to one of human souls, upon their leaving the body, become that hard name you gave us the other day. She the souls of such kinds of brutes as they most re has a flowing mane, and a skin as soft as silk. But, semble in their manners; or, to give an account of Sir, she passes half her life at her glass, and almost it as Mr. Dryden has described it, in his translation ruins me in ribands. For my own part, I am a of Pythagoras's speech in the fifteenth book of plain handicraft man, and in danger of breaking by Ovid, where that philosopher dissuades his hearers her laziness and expensiveness. Pray, master, tell from eating flesh:
me in your next paper, whether I may not expect
family, and curry her hide in case of refusal.
“ Your loving Friend, Or hunts without till ready limbs it find,
“ BARNABY BRITTLE." And actuates those according to their kind: SPECTA:CK-No. 31 & 32.
MR. SPECTATOR, Cheapside, October 30. was all the world to her, and she thought she ought “ I anı mightily pleased with the bumour of the to be all the world to me. * If,' said she, ‘my dear
loves me as much as I love him, he will never be cat; be so kind as to enlarge upon that subject. “ Yours till death,
tired of my company.' This declaration was fol
lowed by my being denied to all my acquaintance;
“ Josiah HENPECK. and it very soon came to that pass, that to give an “ P. S. You must know I am married to a answer at the door, before my face, the servants grimalkin.”
would ask her whether I was within or not; and
she would answer no, with great fundness, and tell Wapping, October 31, 1711. me I was a good dear. I will not enumerate more “ Ever since your Spectator of Tuesday last came little circumstances, to give you a livelier sense of into our family, my husband is pleased to call me my condition; but tell you in general, that from his Oceana, because the foolish old poet that you such steps as these at first, I now live the life of a have translated says, that the souls of some women are prisoner of state; my letters are opened, and I have made of sea-water. This, it seems, has encouraged not the use of pen, ink, and paper, but in her premy sauce-box to be witty upon me.
When I am sence, I never go abroad, except she sometiines angry, he cries, ‘Pr’ythee, my dear, be calm;' when takes me with her in her coach to take the air, if it I chide one of my servants, · Proythee, child, do may be called so, when we drive, as we generally not bluster.' He had the impudence about an do, with the glasses up. I have overheard my servhour ago to tell me, that he was a seafaring man, ants lament my condition, but they dare not bring and must expect to divide his life between storm me messages without her knowledge, because they and sunshine. When I bestir myself with any doubt my resolution to stand by them. In the spirit in my family, it is 'high sea’ in his house: midst of this insipid way of life, an old acquaintance and when I sit still without doing any thing, his of mine, Tom Meggot, who is a favourite with her, affairs forsooth are windbound.' When I ask him and allowed to visit me in her company because he whether it rains, he makes answer, “It is no mat- sings prettily, has roused me to rebel, and conveyed ter, so that it be fair weather within doors.' In his intelligence to me in the following manner : My short, Sir, I cannot speak my mind freely to him, wife is a great pretender to music, and very ignorant but I either swell or rage, or do something that is of it; but far gone in the Italian taste. Tom goes not fit for a civil woman to hear. Pray, Mr. Spec. to Armstrong, the famous fine writer of music, and tator, since you are so sharp upon other women, let desires him to put this sentence of Tully in the scale us know what materials your wife is made of, if you of an Italian air, and write it out for my spouse have one. I suppose you would make us a parcel from him. An ille mihi Liber cui mulier imperat ? of poor-spirited, tame, insipid creatures; but, Sir, I Cui leges imponit, præscribit, jubet, vetat quod ridetur? would have you to know, we have as good passions Qui nihil imperanti negare, nihil recusare audet? in us as yourself, and that a woman was never de- Poscit ? dandum est. Vocat? veniendum. Ejicit ? signed to be a milk-sop.
abeundum. Minitatur? ertimiscendum. “Does he L. “MARTHA TEMPEST." live like a gentleman who is commanded by a wo
man? He to whom she gives law, grants and de
nies what she pleases ? who can neither deay her No. 212.] FRIDAY, NOVEMBER 2, 1711. any thing she asks, or refuse to do any thing she
commands ?' -Eripe turpi
“ To be short, my wife was extremely pleased Colla jugo, liber sum dic age- Hor. 2 Sat vii. 9:.
with it; said the Italian was the only language -Loose thy neck from this ignoble chain, And boldly say thou'rt free.-CREECH
for music; and admired how wonderfully tender the
sentiment was, and how pretty the accent is of tbat “ MR. SPECTATOR
language; with the rest that is said by rote on that “ I never look upon my dear wife, but I think occasion. Mr. Meggot is sent for to sing this air, of the happiness Sir Roger de Coverley enjoys, in which he performs with mighty applause; and my having such a friend as you to expose in proper wife is in ecstasy, on the occasion, and glad to find, colours the cruelty and perverseness of his mistress. by my being so much pleased, that I was at last I have very often wished you visited in our family, come into the notion of the Italian: 'for,' said she, and were acquainted with my spouse; she would it grows upon one when one once comes to know afford you, for some months at least, matter enough a little of the language ; and pray, Mr. Meggot, for one Spectator a week. Since we are not so sing again those notes, Nihil Imperanti negare, nikil happy as to be of your acquaintance, give me leave recusare. You may believe I was not a little deto represent to you our present circumstances as lighted with my friend Tom's expedient to alarm well as I can in writing. You are to know, then, me, and in obedience to his summons I give all this that I am not of a very different constitution from story thus at large; and I am resolved, when this Nathaniel Henroost, whoin you have lately recorded appears in the Spectator, to declare for myself. The in your speculations ; and have a wife who makes a manner of the insurrection I contrive by your more tyrannical use of the knowledge of my easy means, which shall be no other than that Tom Megtemper than that lady ever pretended to. We had got, who is at our tea-table every morning, shall reart not been a month married, when she found in me a it to us; and if my dear can take the hint, and say certain pain to give offence, and an indolence that not one word, but let this be the beginning of a new made me bear little inconveniencez rather than dis- life without further explanation, it is very well; for pute about them. From this observation it soon as soon as the Spectator is read out, I shall
, without came to pass, that if I offered to go abroad, she more ado, call for the coach, name the hour when I would get between me and the door, kiss me, and shall be at home, if I come at all; if I do not, they say she could not part with me; then down again may go to dinner. If my spouse only swells and I sat. In a day or two after this first pleasant step says nothing, Tom and I go out together, and all is towards confining me, she declared to me, that 1 l well, as I said before; but if she begins to command
or expostulate, you shall in my next to you receive a moral virtue into practice. We have therefore,” a full account of her resistance and submission, for says he, “ enlarged the sphere of our duty, and submit the dear thing must, to,
made many tbings, which are in themselves indif“ Sir,
ferent, a part of our religion, that we may have “ Your most obedient humble Servant, more occasions of showing our love to God, and in
“ ANTHONY FREEMAN, all the circumstances of life, by doing something to "P. S. I hope I need not tell you that I desire please him.” this may be in your very next."
Monsieur St. Evremond has endeavoured to palliate the superstitions of the Roman Catholic reli
gion with the same kind of apology, where he preNo. 213.] SATURDAY, NOVEMBER 3, 1711. tends to consider the different spirits of the Papists -Mens sibi conscia recti.–VIRG. Æn. i. 608.
and the Calvinists, as to the great points wherein A good intention.
they disagree. He tells us, that the former are act
uated by love, and the other by fear; and that in It is the great art and secret of Christianity, if I their expressions of duty and devotion towards the may use that phrase, to manage our actions to the Supreme Being, the former seem particularly carebest advantage, and to direct them in such a man- ful to do every thing which may possibly please him, Der that every thing we do may turn to account at and the other to abstain from every thing which that great day, when every thing we have done will may possibly displease him. be set before us.
But notwithstanding this plausible reason with In order to give this consideration its full weight, which both the Jew and the Roman Catholic would we may cast all our actions under the division of excuse their respective superstitions, it is certain such as are in themselves either good, evil, or in there is something in them very pernicious to man. different. If we divide our intentions after the kind, and destructive to religion; because the insame manner and consider them with regard to our junction of superfluous ceremonies makes such acactions, we may discover that great art and secret tions duties, as were before indifferent, and by that of religion which I have here mentioned.
means renders religion more burdensome and diffiA good intention, joined to a good action, gives cult than it is in its own nature, betrays many into it its proper force and efficacy; joined to an evil sins of omission which they could not otherwise be action, extenuates its malignity, and in some cases guilty of, and fixes the mind of the vulgar to the takes it wholly away; and joined to an indifferent shadowy, unessential points, instead of the more action, turns it to a virtue, and makes it meritorious weighty and more important matters of the law. as far as human actions can be so.
This zealous and active obedience however takes In the next place, to consider in the same man- place in the great point we are recommending; for Der the influence of an evil intention upon our if, instead of prescribing to ourselves indifferent actactions. An evil intention perverts the best of actions as duties, we apply a good intention to all our ions, and makes them, in reality, what the fathers most indifferent actions, we make our very existence with a witty kind of zeal have termed the virtues of one continued act of obedience, we turn our diverthe beathen world, so many shining sins.* It de- sions and amusements to our eternal advantage, and stroys the innocence of an indifferent action, and are pleasing Him (whom we are made to please) in gives an evil action all possible blackness and horror, all the circumstances and occurrences of life. Or, in the emphatical language of sacred writ, It is this excellent frame of mind, this holy officimakes “ sin exceeding sinful.”+
ousness (if I may be allowed to call it such), which If, in the last place, we consider the nature of an is recommended to us by the apostle in that uncommon indifferent intention, we shall find that it destroys precept wherein he directs us to propose to ourselves the merit of a good action; abates, but never takes the glory of our Creator in all our most indifferent away, the malignity of an evil action; and leaves actions," whether we eat or drink, or whatsoever an indifferent action in its natural state of in- we do."* difference.
A person, therefore, wbo is possessed with such It is therefore of unspeakable advantage to possess an habitual good intention as that which I have our minds with an habitual good intention, and to been here speaking of, enters upon no single ciraim all our thoughts, words, and actions at some cumstance of life, without considering it as welllaudable end, whether it be the glory of our Maker, pleasing to the great Author of his being, conformthe good of mankind, or the benefit of our own able to the dictates of reason, suitable to human nasouls.
ture in general, or to that particular station in This is a sort of thrift or good husbandry in moral which Providence has placed him. He lives in a life, which does not throw away any single action, perpetual sense of the Divine Presence, regards bat makes every one go as far as it can. It multi- himself as acting, in the whole course of his explies the means of salvation, increases the number istence, under the observation and inspection of of our virtues and diminishes that of our vices. that Being, who is privy to all his motions and all
There is something very devout, though not so his thoughts, who knows his “down-sitting and his solid, in Acosta's answer to Limborch, who objects uprising, who is about his path, and about his bed, to him, the multiplicity of ceremonies in the Jewish and spieth out all his ways.”+ In a word, he rereligion, as wasbings, dresses, meats, purgations, members that the eye of his Judge is always upon and the like. The reply which the Jew makes upon him, and in every action he reflects that he is doing this occasion, is, to the best of my remembrance, as what is commanded or allowed by him who will follows : “ There are not duties enough,” says he, hereafter either reward or punish it. This was the " in the essential parts of the law, for a zealous and character of those holy men of old, who, in that active obedience. Time, place, and person are re- beautiful phrase of Scripture, are said to have quisite, before you have an opportunity of putting * walked with God." I
+ Rom. vii. 13.
* 1 Cor. x. 31.
† Psalm cxxxix. 2, 3.
Gen. v. 22. vi 9.