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care whether she is so or not. It is possible you distinct speculation, and I shall observe for a day or may not believe there are such tyrants in the world; two the behaviour of two or three happy pairs I am but alas, I can tell you of a man who is ever out of acquainted with, before I pretend to make a system humour in his wife's company, and the pleasantest of conjugal morality. I design in the first place to man in the world every where else; the greatest go a few miles out of town, and there I know where sloven at home when he appears to none but his to meet one who practises all the parts of a fine family, and most exactly well-dressed in all other gentleman in the duty of a husband. When he was places. Alas, Sir, is it of course, that to deliver a bachelor much business made him particularly one's self wholly into a man's power without possi- negligent in his habit; but now there is no young bility of appeal to any other jurisdiction but his own lover living so exact in the care of his person. One reflections, is so little an obligation to a gentleman, who asked why he was so long washing his mouth, that he can be offended and fall into a rage, because and so delicate in the choice and wearing of his my heart swells tears into my eyes when I see him linen, was answered : " Because there is a woman in' a cloudy mood? I pretend to no succour, and of merit obliged to receive me kindly, and I think hope for nó relief but from himself; and yet he that it incumbent upon me to make her inclination go has sense and justice in every thing else, never re- along with her duty.” flects, that to come home only to sleep off an in- If a man would give himself leave to think, he temperance, and spend all the time he is there as if would not be so unreasonable as to expect deit were a punishment, cannot but give the anguish bauchery and innocence could live in commerce toof a jealous mind. He always leaves his home as gether: or hope that Aesh and blood is capable of if he were going to a court, and returns as if he so strict an alliance, as that a fine woman must go were entering a gaol. I could add to this, that from on to improve herself till she is as good and impashis company and his usual discourse, he does not sive as an angel, only to preserve fidelity to a brute scruple being thought an abandoned man, as to his and a satyr. The lady who desires me for her sake morals. Your own imagination will say enough to to end one of my papers with the following letter, you concerning the conditioa of me his wife ; and I ! am persuaded thinks such a perseverance very wish you would be so good as to represent to him, impracticable : for he is not ill-natured, and reads you much, that “ HUSBAND, the moment I hear the door shut after him, I throw

Stay more at home. I know where you visited myself upon my bed, and drown the child he is so

at seven of the clock on Thursday evening. The fond of with my tears, and often frighten it with my colonel, whom you charged me to see no more, is cries; that I curse my being; that I run to my in town. glass all over bathed in sorrows, and help the utter- T.

“MARTHA HOUSEWIFE." ance of my inward anguish by beholding the gush of my own calamities as my tears fall from my eyes. This looks like an imagined picture to tell you, but No. 179.] TUESDAY, SEPTEMBER 25, 1711. indeed this is one of my pastimes. Hitherto I Centuriæ seniorum agitant expertia frugis: have only told you the general temper of my mind,

Celsi prætereunt austera poemata rhamnes, but how shall I give you an account of the distrac

Omne tulit punctum qui miscuit utile dulci,

Lectorem delectando, pariterque monendo. tion of it? Could you but conceive how cruel I am one moment in my resentment, and at the ensuing

Old age is only fond of moral truth, minute when I place him in the condition my anger Lectures too grave disgust aspiring youth: would bring him to, how compassionate; it would But be who blends instruction with delight, give you some notion how miserable I am, and how Wins every reader, nor in vain shall write.-P little I deserve it. When I remonstrate with the

cast my readers under two general greatest gentleness that is possible against unhand-divisions, the mercurial and the saturnine. The first some appearances, and that married persons are are the gay part of my disciples, who require speunder particular rules; when he is in the best culations of wit and humour; the others are those humour to receive this, I am answered only, That of a more solemn and sober turn, who find no pleaI expose my own reputation and sense if I appear sure but in papers of morality and sound sense. jealous. I wish, good Sir, you would take this into The former call every thing that is serious, stupid; serious consideration, and admonish husbands and the latter look upon every thing as impertinent that wives what terms they ought to keep towards each is ludicrous. Were I always grave, one half of my other. Your thoughis on this important subject readers would fall off from me; were I always merry, will have the greatest reward, that which descends I should lose the other. I make it, therefore, my on such as feel the sorrows of the afflicted. Give endeavour to find out entertainments for both kinds, me leave to subscribe myself,

and by that means, perhaps, consult the good of “Your unfortunate humble servant,

both, more than I should do, did I always write to “CELINDA." the particular taste of either. As they neither of

them know what I proceed upon, the sprightly I had it in my thoughts, before I received the reader, who takes up my paper in order to be dis letter of this lady, to consider this dreadful passion verted, very often finds himself engaged unawares in the mind of a woman; and the smart she seems in a serious and profitable course of thinking; as, to feel does not abate the inclination I had to re- on the contrary, the thoughtful man who perhaps commend to husbands a more regular behaviour, may hope to find something solid, and full of deep than to give the most exquisite of torments to those reflection, is very often insensibly betrayed into a who love them, nay, whose torments would be fit of mirth. In a word, the reader sits down to my abated if they did not love them.

entertainment without knowing his bill of fare, and It is wonderful to observe how little is made of has therefore at least the pleasure of hoping there this inexpressible injury, and how easily men get may be a dish to his palate. into a habit of being least agreeable, where they are I must confess, were I left to myself, I would most obliged to be so. But this subject deserves a l ratber aim at instructing than diverting; but if we

Hor. Ars. Poet. v. 341.



will be useful to the world, we must take it as we for lost. The pickled-herring however found the way find it. Authors of professed severity discourage to shake him; for upon his whistling a country jig, the looser part of mankind from having any thing this unlucky wag danced to it with such a variety to do with their writings. A man must have virtue of distortions and grimace, that the countryman in him, before he will enter upon the reading of a could not forbear smiling upon him, and by that Seneca or an Epictetus. The very title of a moral means spoiled his whistle, and lost the prize. treatise has something in it austere and shocking to “ The next that mounted the stage was an underthe careless and inconsiderate

citizen of the Bath, a person remarkable among the For this reason several unthinking persons fall in inferior people of that place for his great wisdom, my way who would give no attention to lectures de- and his broad band.** He contracted his mouth livered with a religious seriousness or a philosophic with much gravity, and, that he might dispose his gravity. They are insnared into sentiments of wis- mind to be more serious than ordinary, began the dom and virtue when they do not think of it; and if tune of the Children in the Wood. He went through by that means they arrive only at such a degree of part of it with good success, when on a sudden the consideration as may dispose them to listen to more wit at his elbow, who had appeared wonderfully studied and elaborate discourses, I shall not think grave and attentive for some time, gave him a touch my speculations useless. I might likewise observe, upon the left shoulder, and stared him in the face that the gloominess in which sometimes the minds with so bewitching a grin, that the whistler relaxed of the best men are involved, very often stands in his fibres into a kind of simper, and at length burst need of such little incitements to mirth and laughter, out into an open laugh. The third who entered the as are apt to disperse melancholy, and put our fa- lists was a footman, who in defiance of the merryculties in good humour. To which some will add, andrew and all his arts, whistled a Scotch tune, and that the British climate, more than any other, makes an Italian sonata, with so settled a countenance that entertainments of this nature in a manner necessary. he bore away the prize, to the great admiration of

If what I have here said does not recommend, it some hundreds of persons, who, as well as myself, will at least excuse, the variety of my speculations. were present at this trial of skill. Now, Sir, 1 I would not willingly laugh but in order to instruct, humbly conceive, whatever you have determined of or if I sometimes fail in this point, when my mirth the grinners, the whistlers ought to be encouraged, ceases to be instructive, it shall never cease to be not only as their art is practised without distortion, innocent. A scrupulous conduct in this particular but as it improves country-music, promotes gravity, has, perhaps, more merit in it than the generality and teaches ordinary people to keep their counteof readers imagine; did they know how many nances, if they see any thing ridiculous in their bet. thoughts occur in a point of humour, which a dis- ters; besides that it seems an entertainment very creet author in modesty suppresses; how many particularly adapted to the Bath, as it is usual for a strokes of raillery present themselves

, which could rider to whistle to his horse when he would make Dot fail to please the ordinary taste of mankind, but his water pass.

“I am, Sir," &c. are stifled in their birth by reason of some remote tendency which they carry in them to corrupt the “ After having dispatched these two important minds of those who read them: did they know how points of grinning and whistling, I hope you will many glances of ill-nature are industriously avoided oblige the world with some reflections upon yawning, for fear of doing injury to the reputation of another, as I have seen it practised on a twelfth-night among they would be apt to think kindly of those writers Other Christmas gambols at the house of a very who endeavour to make themselves diverting, with worthy gentleman, who always entertains his tenants out being immoral. One may apply to these authors at that time of the year. They yawn for a Cheshire that passage in Waller:

cheese, and begin about midnight, when the whole Poets lose half the praise they would have got,

company is disposed to be drowsy. He that yawns Were it but known what they discreetly blot.

widest, and at the same time so naturally as to proAs nothing is more easy than to be a wit, with all home the cheese. If you handle this subject as you

duce the most yawns among the spectators, carries the above-mentioned liberties, it requires some ge- ought, I question not but your paper will set half nius and invention to appear such without them. Wbat I have here said is not only in regard to it will never make any body fall asleep."-L.

the kingdom a yawning, though I dare promise you the public, but with an eye to my particular correspondent, who has sent me the following letter, which I have castrated in some places upon these No. 180.)-WEDNESDAY, SEPT. 26, 1711. considerations:

-Delirant reges, plectuntur Achivi.-HOR. I Ep. ii. 14. “Sir,

The monarch's folly makes the people rue.-P. “Having lately seen your discourse upon a match of grinning, I cannot forbear giving you an account

The following letter has so much weight and of a whistling match, which, with many others, I was good sense, that I cannot forbear inserting it, entertained with about three years since at the Bath. though it relates to a hardened sinner, whom I The prize was a guinea, to be conferred upon the bave very little hopes of reforming, viz. Li uis ablest Whistler, that is, on him who could whistle

XIV. of France. clearest, and go through his time without laughing,

“ MR SPECTATOR, to which at the same time he was provoked by the “ Amidst the variety of subjects of which you antic postures of a merry-andrew, who was to stand have treated, I could wish it bad fallen in your upon the stage and play his tricks in the eye of the way to expose the vanity of conquests.

This performer. There were three competitors for the thought would naturally lead one to the French guinea. The first was a ploughman of a very pro-king, who has been generally esteemed the greatest mising aspect; his features were steady, and his conqueror of our age, till her majesty's armies had muscles composed in so inflexible stupidity, that upon his first appearance every one gave the guinea

• 1 1701.


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torn from him so many of his countries, and de- charity to believe, they have not done all the ser. prived him of the fruit of all his former victories. vice. they were capable of doing in their genera For my own part, if I were to draw his picture, I tion. In so long, a course of years great part of should be for taking him no lower than to the peace them must have died, and all the rest must go off of Ryswick, just at the end of his triumphs, and at last, without leaving any representatives behind. before his reverse of fortune : and even then I By this account he must have lost not only 800,000 should not forbear thinking his ambition had been subjects, but double that number, and all the invain, and unprofitable to himself and his people. crease that was reasonably to be expected from it.

“As for himself, it is certain he can have gained “ It is said in the last war there was a famine in nothing by his conquests, if they have not rendered his kingdom, which swept away two millions of his him master of more subjects, more riches, or greater people. This is hardly credible. If the loss was power. What I shall be able to offer upon these only one-fifth part of that sum, it was very great. heads, I resolve to submit to your consideration. But it is no wonder there should be famiñe, where

“ To begin then with his increase of subjects. From so much of the people's substance is taken away for the time he came of age, and has been a manager the king's use, that they have not sufficient left to for himself, all the people he had acquired were provide against accidents ; where so many of the such only as he had reduced by his wars, and were men are taken from the plough to serve the king leit in his possession by the peace; he had con- in his wars, and a great part of the tillage is left to quered not above one-third of Flanders, and con- the weaker hands of so many women and children. sequently no more than one-third part of the inha- Whatever was the loss, it must undoubtedly be bitants of that province.

placed to the account of his ambition. About one hundred years ago the houses in “ And so must also the destruction or banishthat country were all numbered, and by a just com- ment of 3 or 400,000 of his reformed subjects; he putation the inhabitants of all sorts could not then could have no other reasons for valuing those lives exceed 750,000 souls. And if any man will con- so very cheap but only to recommend himself to the sider the desolation by almost perpetual wars, the bigotry of the Spanish nation. numerous armies that have lived almost ever since « How should there be industry in a country at discretion upon the people, and how much of where all property is precarious ? 'What subject their commerce has been removed for more security will sow his land, that his prince may reap the to other places, he will have little reason to imagine whole harvest ? Parsimony and frugality must be that their numbers have since increased; and there strangers to such a people; for will any man save fore with one-third part of that province that prince to-day, what he has reason to fear will be taken can have gained no more than one-third part of the from him to-morrow? And where is the encourageinhabitants, or 250,000 new subjects, even though ment for marrying? Will any man think of rais. it should be supposed they were all contented to ing children without any assurance of clothing for live still in their native country, and transfer their their backs, or so much as food for their bellies ? allegiance to a new master.

And thus, by his fatal ambition, he must have less" The fertility of this province, its convenient si-ened the number of his subjects, not only by tuation for trade and commerce, its capacity for fur- slaughter and destruction, bat, by preventing their nishing employment and subsistence to great num- very birtns, he has done as much as was possible bers, and the vast armies that have been maintained towards destroying posterity itself. here, make it credible that the remaining two- " Is this then the great, the invincible Louis ? thirds of Flanders are equal to all his other con- This the immortal man, the tout puissant, or the al. quests; and consequently by all, he cannot have mighty, as his flatterers have called him ? Is this gained more than 750,000 new subjects, men, wo- the man that is so celebrated for his conquests ? men, and children, especially if a reduction shall For every subject he has acquired, has he not lost be made of such as have retired from the conqueror, three that were his inheritance ? Are not his to live under their old masters.

troops fewer, and those neither so well fed, or “ It is time now to set his loss against his clothed, or paid, as they were formerly, though he profit, and to show for the new subjects he had ac- has now so much greater canse to exert himself? quired, how many old ones he had lost in the ac- And what can be the reason of all this, but that his quisition. I think that in his wars he has seldom revenue is a great deal less, his subjects are either brought less into the field, in all places, than poorer, or not so many to be plundered by constant 200,000 fighting men, besides what has been left in taxes for his use? garrisons; and I think the common computation “ It is well for him he had found out a way to is, that of an army, at the end of a campaigu, with steal a kingdom ;* if he had gone on conquering out sieges or battles, scarce four-fifths can be mus- as he did before, his ruin had been long since titered of those that came into the field at the begin. nished. This brings to my mind a saying of King ning of the year. His wars at several times, until Pyrrhus, after he had a second time beat the Ro the last peace, have held about twenty years; and nans in a pitched battle, and was complimented by if 40,000 yearly lost, or a fifth part of his armies, his generals; • Yes,' says he, such another vie are to be multiplied by 20, he cannot have lost less tory, and I am quite undone.. And since I have than 800,000 of his old subjects, and all able-bodied mentioned Pyrrhus, I will end with a very good, men; a greater number than the new subjects he though known story of this ambitious madman. had acquired.

When he had shown the utmost fondness for his “But this loss is not all. Providence seems to expedition against the Romans, Cineas, his chief have equally divided the whole mass of mankind minister, asked him what he proposed to himself by into different sexes, that every woman may have this war? Why,' says Pyrrhus, 'to conquer the her husband, and that both may equally contribute to the continuance of the species. " It follows then, his grandson, as left him by the will of Charles II. which the

The kingdom of Spain, seized by Louis XIV. in 1701, for that for all the men that have been lost, as many enemies of France looked upon as forged, or made s ben wonen must have lived single, and it were but Charles was " non compos.

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VIRG. En. ii. 145.

Romans, and reduce all Italy to my obedience.' may be relieved by any impressions which the : What then?" says Cineas.'• To pass over into reading of this in your paper may make upon him. Sicily,' says Pyrrhus, and then all the Sicilians

“I am," &e. must be our subjects.' * And what does your majesty intend nex!? Why truly, says the king, Of all hardnesses of heart there is none so inex

to conquer Carthage, and make myself master of cusable as that of parents towards their children. al Africa.' And what, Sir,' says the minister, “is An obstinate, inflexible, unforgiving temper is odito be the end of all your expeditions ?' "Why ous upon all occasions; but here it is unnatural. then,' says the king, 'for the rest of our lives we will The love, tenderness, and compassion which are apt sit down to good wine. How, Sir,' replied Ci- to arise in us towards those who deperd upon us, is neas,' to better than we have now betore us? Have that by which the whole world of life is apheld. we not already as much as we can drink?'

The supreme Being, by the transcendant excel. “Riot and excess are not the becoming charac- lency and goodness of his nature, extends his mercy ters of primees; but ii Pyrrhus and Louis had de towards all his works; and because his creatures baucbed like Vitellius, they had been less hurtful have not such a spontaneous benevolence and comto their people.

passion towards those who are under their care and “ Your humble servant,

protection, he has implanted in them an instinct, T.

“ PHILARIȚHMUS." that supplies the place of this inherent goodness.

I have illustrated this kind of instinct in former

papers, and have shown how it runs through all the No. 181.) THURSDAY, SEPTEMBER 27, 1711. species of brute creatures, as indeed the whole ani. His lacrymis vitam damus, et miserescimus ultro.

mal creation subsists by it,

This instinct in man is more general and uncirMox'd by these tears, we pity and protect

cumscribed than in brutes, as being enlarged by the I am more pleased with a letter that is filled with ourselves attentively, we shall find that we are not

dictates of reason and duty. For if we consider touches of nature than of wit. The following one is of this kind :

only inclined to love those who descend from us,

but that we bear a kind of natural affection to every “ Sia,

thing which relies upon us for its good and preser“ Among all the distresses which happen in fami-vation. Dependance is a perpetual call upon hu. lies, I do not remember that you have touched upon mauity, and a greater incitement to tenderness and the marriage of children without the consent of their pity, than any other motive whatsoever. parents. I am one of these unfortunate persons. I The man, therefore, who, notwithstanding any was about fifteen when I took the liberty to choose passion or resentment, can overcome this powerful for myself; and have ever since languished under instinct, and extinguish natural affection, 'debases the displeasure of an inexorable father, who, though his mind even below brutality, frustrates, as much he sees me bappy in the best of husbands, and blessed as in him lies, the great design of Providence, and with very fine children, can never be prevailed strikes out of his nature one of the most divine upon to forgive me. He was so kind to me before principles that is planted in it. this unhappy accident, that indeed it makes my Among innumerable arguments which might be breach of duty in some measure inexcusable; and brought against such an uureasonable proceeding, at the same time creates in me such a tenderness I shall only insist on one. We make it the condi. towards him, that I love him above all things, and tion of our forgiveness that we forgive oihers. In would die to be reconciled to him. I have thrown our very prayers we desire no more than to be myself at his feet, and besought him with tears to treated by this kind of retaliation. The case therepardon me; but he always pushes me away, and fore before us seems to be what they call a "case in spurns me from him. I bave written several letters point;" the relation between the child and father, to him, but he will neither open nor receive them. being what comes nearest to that between a creaAbout two years ago I sent my little boy to him, ture and its Creator. If the father is inexorable to dressed in new apparel; but the child returned to the child who has offended, 'let the offence be of me crying, because he said his grandfather would never so high a nature, how will he address himself not see him, and had ordered bim to be put out of to the supreme Being, under the tender appellahis house. My mother is won over to my side, but tion of a father, and desire of him such a forgivedares not mention me to my father, for fear of pro- ness as he himself refuses to grant ? voking him. About a month ago he lay sick upon To this I might add many other religious, as well his bed, and in great danger of his life; I was as many prudential considerations; but if the lastpierced to the heart at the news, and could not for- mentioned motive does not prevail, I despair of sucbear going to inquire after his health. My mother ceeding by any other, and shall therefore conclude took this opportunity of speaking in my behalf: my paper with a very remarkable story, which is she told him, with abundance of tears, that I was recorded in an old chronicle published by Freher, come to see him, that I could not speak to her for among the writers of the German history. Feeping, and that I should certainly break my Eginhart, who was secretary to Charles the Great, heart iť be refused at that time to give me his became exceedingly popular by his behaviour in blessing, and be reconciled to me. He was so that post. His great abilities gained him the favour far from relenting towards me, that he bid her of his master, and the esteem of the whole court. speak no more of me, unless she had a mind to Imma, the daughter of the emperor, was so pleased disturb him in his last moments; for, Sir, you with his person and conversation, that she fell in must know that he has the reputation of an honest love with him. As she was one of the greatest and religious man, which makes my misfortune so beauties of the age, Eginbart answered her with a much the greater. God be thanked he has since more than equal return of passion. They stilled recovered: but his severe usage has given me such their flames for some time, under the apprebension e blow that I shall sou sink under it, unless I of the fatal consequences that might ensue. Egin. hart at length resolving to hazard all rather than myself am a woman who have been one of the anlive deprived of one whom his heart was so much happy that have fallen into this misfortune, and that set upon, conveyed himself one night into the by the insinuation of a very worthless fellow, who princess's apartment, and knocking gently at the served others in the same manner, both before my door, was admitted as a person who had something ruin and since that time. I had, as soon as the to cominunicate to her from the emperor. He was rascal left me, so much indignation and resolution with her in private most part of the night; but as not to go upon the town, as the phrase is, but upon his preparing to go away about break of took to work for my living in an obscure place, out day, he observed that there had fallen a great snow of the knowledge of all with whom I was before acduring his stay with the princess. This very much quainted. perplexed him, lest the prints of his feet in the “ It is the ordinary practice and business of life snow might make discoveries to the king, who with a set of idle fellows about this town to write often used to visit his daughter in the morn- letters, send messages, and form appointments with ing. He acquainted the Princess Imma with his little raw unthinking girls, and leave them after fears: who, after some consultations upon the mat- possession of them, without any mercy, to shame, ter, prevailed upon him to let her carry him through infamy, poverty, and disease. 'Were you to read the snow upon her own shoulders. It happened the nauseous impertinences which are written on that the emperor, not being able to sleep, was at these occasions, and to see the silly creatures sighthat time up and walking in his chamber, when upon ing over them, it could not but be matter of mirth looking through the window he perceived his daugh- as well as pity. A little ’prentice girl of mine has ter toitering under her burden and carrying his been for some time applied to by an Irish fellow, first minister across the snow; which she had no who dresses very fine, and struts in a lace coat, sooner done, but she returned again with the utmost and is the admiration of seamstresses, who are speed to her own apartment. The emperor was ex- under age in town, Ever since I had some knowtremely troubled and astonished at this accident; ledge of the matter, I have debarred my 'prentice but resolved to speak nothing of it until a proper

from pen, ink, and paper. But the other day he opportunity. In the mean time, Eginhart knowing bespoke some cravats of me: I went out of the that what he had done could not be long a secret, shop, and left his mistress to put them up in a . determined to retire from court; and in order to it band-box in order to be sent to him when his man begged the emperor that he would be pleased to called. When I came into the shop again, I took dismiss him, pretending a kind of discontent at his occasion to send her away, and found in the bottom not having been rewarded for his long services. The of the box written these words, ' Why would you emperor would not give a direct answer to his peti- ruin a harmless creature that loves you ?' then in tion, but told him he would think of it

, and ap- the lid, " There is no resisting Strephon: I pointed a certain day when he would let him know searched a little further, and found in the rim of the his pleasure. He then called together the most box, ‘At eleven o'clock at night come in a hack. faithful of his counsellors, and acquainting them ney.coach at the end of our street. This was with his secretary's crime, asked them their advice enough to alarm me; I sent away the things, and in so delicate an affair. They most of them gave took my measures accordingly. An hour or two their opinion, that the person could not be too se before the appointed time, I examined my young verely punished, who had thus dishonoured his lady, and found her trunk stuffed with impertinent master. Upon the whole debate, the emperor de letters and an old scroll of parchment in Latin, clared it was his opinion, that Eginhart's punish- which her lover had sent her as a settlement of tifty ment would rather increase than diminish the shame pounds a year. Among other things, there was of his family, and that therefore he thought it the also the best lace I had in my shop to make him a most advisable to wear out the memory of the fact, present for cravats. I was very glad of this last by marrying him to his daughter. Accordingly circumstance, because I could very conscientiously Eginhart was called in, and acquainted by the swear against him that he had enticed my servant emperor, that he should no longer have any pre- away, and was her accomplice in robbing me: I tence of complaining his services were not rewarded, procured a warrant against him accordingly. Every for that the Princess Imma should be given him in thing was now prepared, and the tender hour of marriage, with a dower suitable to her quality; love approaching, I who had acted for myself in my which was soon after performed accordingly. youth the same senseless part, knew how to maL.

uage accordingly; therefore, after having locked

up my maid, and not being so much unlike her in No. 182.) FRIDAY, SEPTEMBER 28, 1711. height and shape, as in a huddled way not to pass

for her, I delivered the bundle designed to be car. Plus aloes quam mellis habet-Juv Sat vi. 180

ried off, to her lover's man, who came with the

signal to receive them. Thus I followed after to As all parts of human life come under my obser- the coach, where when I saw his master take them vation, my reader must not make uncharitable in- in, I cried out, thieves ! thieves! and the constable ferences from my speaking knowingly of that sort with his attendants seized my expecting lover. I of crime which is at present treated of He will, 1 kept myself unobserved until I saw the crowd sufhope, suppose I know it only from the letters of cor- ficiently increased, and then appeared to declare respondents, two of which you shall have as follow: the goods to be mine; and had the satisfaction to “ Mr. SPECTATOR,

see my man of mode put into the round-house, with “ It is wonderful to me, that among the many the stolen wares by him, to be produced in evidence enormities which you have treated of, you have not galost him the next morning. This matter is nomentioned that of wenching, and particularly the toriously known to be fact; and I have been conensnaring part. I mean that it is a thing very fittinted to save my 'prentice, and take a year's rent for your pen, to expose the villany of the practice of this mortifed lover, not to appear further in the of deluding women. You are to know, Sir, that I matter. This was some penance; but, Sir; is cais

The bitter overbalances the sweet

10 * 1

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