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certainly thinking on himself. In short, there is nothing that looks young, or gay, turns their invugais word or gesture so insignificant, but it gives him upon their wives. new hints, feeds his suspicions, and furnishes him A second sort of men, who are most liable to this with fresh matters of discovery : so that if we con- passion, are those of cunning, wary, and distrustful sider the effects of his passion, one would rather tempers. It is a fault very justly found in histories think it proceeded from an inveterate hatred, than composed by politicians, that they leave nothing to an excess of love; for certainly none can meet with chance or humour, but are still for deriving every more disquietude and uneasiness than a suspected action from some plot or contrivance, for drawing wife, if we except the jealous husband,

up a perpetual scheme of causes and events, and But the great unhappiness of this passion is, that preserving a constant correspondence between the it naturally teir's to alienate the affection which camp and the council-table. And thus it happens it is so solicitous to engross; and that for these two in the affairs of love with men of too refined a reasons, because it lays too great a constraint on the thought. They put a construction on a look, and words and actions of the suspected person, and at find out a design in a smile; they give new senses the same time shows you have no honourable opi. and significations to words and actions; and are nion of her; both of which are strong motives to ever tormenting themselves with fancies of their aversion.

own raising. They generally act in a disguise Nor is this the worst effect of jealousy; for it themselves, and therefore mistake all outward shows often draws after it a more fatal train of conse- and appearances for hypocrisy in others; so that I quences, and makes the person you suspect guilty believe no men see less of the truth and reality of of the very crimes you are so much afraid of. It is things, than these great refiners upon incidents, very natural for such who are treated ill and up- who are so wonderfully subtle and overwise in their braided falsely, to find out an intimate friend that conceptions. will hear their complaints, condole their sufferings, Now what these men fancy they know of women and endeavour to sooth and assuage their secret by reflection, your lewd and vicious men believe resentments. Besides, jealousy puts a woman often they have learned by experience. They have seen in mind of an ill thing that she would not otherwise the poor husband so unisled by tricks and artifices, perhaps have thought of, and fills her imagination and in the midst of his inquiries so lost and bewith such an unlucky idea, as in time grows fami- wildered in a crooked intrigue, that they still susliar, excites desire, and loses all the shame and pect an under-plot in every female actiou ; and horror which might at first attend it. Nor is it a especially where they see any resemblance in the wonder if she who suffers wrongfully in a man's behaviour of two persons, are apt to fancy it proopinion of her, and has therefore nothing to forfeit ceeds from the same design in both. These men in his esteem, resolves to give him reason for his therefore bear hard upon the suspected party, pursuspicions, and to enjoy the pleasure of the crime, sue her close through all her turnings and windings, gince she must undergo the ignominy. Such pro- and are too well acquainted with the chase, to be bably were the considerations that directed the wise Aung off by any false steps, or doubles. Besides, man in his advice to husbands : “ Be not jealous their acquaintance and conversation has lain wholly over the wife of thy bosom, and teach her not an among the vicious part of womankind, and there. evil lesson against thyself.”

fore it is no wonder they censure all alike, and look And here, among the other torments which this upon the whole sex as a species of impostors. But passion produces, we may usually observe that none if, notwithstanding their private experience, they are greater mourners than jealous men, when the can get over these prejudices, and entertain a fá person who provokes their jealousy is taken from vourable opinion of some wonuen; yet their own them. Then it is that their love breaks out fu- loose desires will stir up new suspicions from anriously, and throws off all the mixtures of suspicion other side, and make them believe all men subject which choked and smothered it before. The beau. to the same inclinations with themselves. tiful parts of the character rise uppermost in the

Whether these or other motives are most predojealous husband's memory, and upbraid him with minant, we learn from the modern histories of Amethe ill usage of so divine a creature as was once in rica, as well as from our own experience in this bis possession ; whilst all the little imperfections, part of the world, that jealousy is no northern pasthat were before so uneasy to him, wear off from his sion, but rages most in those nations that lie Dearest remembrance, and show themselves nu more.

the influence of the sun. It is a misfortune for a We may see by what has been said, that jealousy woman to be born between the tropics; for there takes the deepest root in meu of amorous disposi- lie the hottest regions of jealousy, which as you tions; and of these we find three kinds who are come northward cools all along with the climate, till most overrun with it.

you scarce meet with any thing like it in the polar The first are those who are conscious to themselves circle. Our own nation is very temperately situated of any infirmity, whether it be weakness, old age, in this respect; and if we meet with some few disdeformity, ignorance, or the like. These men are ordered with the violence of this passion, they are 80 well acquainted with the unamiable part of not the proper growth of our country, but are many themselves, that they have not the confidence to degrees nearer the sun in their constitutions than think they are really beloved; and are so distrust in their climate. ful of their own merits, that all fondness towards After this frightful account of jealousy, and the them puts them out of countenance, and looks like persons who are most subject to it, it will be but a jest upon their persons. They grow suspicious fair to show by what means the passion may be on their first looking in a glass, and are stung best allayed, and those who are possessed with it with jealousy at the sight of a wrinkle. A band set at ease. Other faults, indeed, are not under some fellow immediately alarms them, and every the wife's jurisdiction, and should, if possible, es

cape her observation, but jealousy calls upon her

particularly for its cure, and deserves all her art Ecclesiasticus ix. 1.

and application in the attempt. Besides, she has this for her encouragement, that her endeavours will In the next place, you must be sure to be free be always pleasing, and that she will suill find the and open in your conversation with him, and to let affection of her husband rising towards her in pro- in light upon your actions, to unravel all your

deportion as his doubts and suspicions vanish; for, as signs, and discover every secret, however trifling or se bave seen all along, there is so great a mixture indifferent. A jealous husband has a particular of love and jealousy as is well worth the separating. aversion to winks and whispers; and if he does not But this shall be the subject of another paper.-L. see to the bottom of every thing, will be sure to go

beyond it in his fears and suspicions. He will always

expect to be your chief confidant; and where he No.171.1 SATURDAY, SEPTEMBER 15, 1711. finds himself kept out of a secret, will believe there Credula tes amor est

is more in it than there should be. And here it is of

- OviD, Met. vii. 826. Love is a credulous passion.

great concern, that you preserve the character of

your sincerity uniform and of a piece; for if he Having in my yesterday's paper discovered the once finds a false gloss put upon any single action, nature of jealousy, and pointed out the persons who he quickly suspects all the rest; his working imaare most subject to it, I must here apply myself to gination immediately takes a false hint, and runs my fair correspondents, who desire to live well with off with it into several remote consequences, till he a jealous husband, and to ease his mind of its unjust has proved very ingenious in working out his own suspicions.

misery. The first rule I skall propose to be observed is, If both these methods fail, the best way will be to that you never seem to dislike in another what the let him see you are much cast down and afflicted jealous man is himself guilty of, or to admire any for the ill opinion he entertains of you, and the disthing in which he himself does not excel. A jealous quietudes he himself suffers for your sake. There man is very quick in his applications; he knows are many who take a kind of barbarous pleasure in how to find a double edge in an invective, and to the jealousy of those who love them, that insult over draw a satire on himself out of a panegyric on an- an aching heart, and triumph in their charms, other. He does not trouble himself to consider the which are able to excite so much uneasiness : person, but to direct the character; and is secretly Ardeat ipsa licet, tormentis gaudet amantis. pleased or confounded, as he finds more or less of

Juv. Sat. vi. 208. himself in it. The commendation of any thing in Though equal pains her peace of mind destroy, another stirs up his jealousy, as it shows you have

A lover's torments give her spiteful joy. a value for others besides himself; but the commend-But these often carry the humour so far, till their ation of that, which he himself wants, inflames him affected coldness and indifference quite kills all the riore, as it shows that in some respects you prefer fondness of a lover, and are then sure to meet in others before him. Jealousy is admirably described their turn with all the contempt and scorn that is in this view by Horace in his ode to Lydia : due to so insolent a behaviour. On the contrary, Quam tu, Lydia, Telephi

it is very probable a melancholy, dejected carriage, Cervicem roseam, et cerea Telephi

the usual effects of injured innocence, may soften Laudas brachia, væ meum

the jealous husband into pity, make him sensible of Fervens difficili bile tumet jecur : Tunc nec mens mihi, nec color

the wrong he does you, and work out of his mind all Certa sede manet; humor et in genas

those fears and suspicions that make you both unFurtim labitur, arguens Quam lentis peditus macerer ignibus.—1 Od. xiii. 1.

happy. At least it will have this good effect, that When Telephus his youthful charms,

he will keep his jealousy to himself, and repine in

private, either because he is sensible it is a weak. Hiz rosy neck and winding arms, With endless rapture you recite,

ness, and will therefore hide it from your knowledge, And in the pleasing name delight:

or because he will be apt to fear some ill effect it My beart inflamed by jealous heats,

may produce in cooling your love towards him, or From my pale cheek the colour flies,

diverting it to another. And all the man within me dies:

There is still another secret that can never fail, if By turts my hidden grief appears

you can once get it believed, and which is often In rising sighs and falling tears,

practised by women of greater cunning than virtue. That shew too well the warm desires, The silent, slow, consuming fires,

This is to change sides for a while with the jealous Which on my inmost vitals prey,

man, and to turn his own passion upon himself; to And melt my very soul away.

take some occasion of growing jealous of him, and The jealous man is not indeed angry if you dis- to follow the example he himself bath set you. This like another; but if you find those faults which are counterfeited jealousy will bring him a great deal to be found in his own character, you discover not of pleasure, if he thinks it real; for he knows exgaly your dislike of another but of himself. In perimentally how much love goes along with this short, he is so desirous of engrossing all your love, passion, and will besides feel something like the sathat he is grieved at the want of any charm, which tisfaction of a revenge, in seeing you undergo all he believes has power to raise it; and if he finds his own tortures. But this, indeed, is an artifice so by your censures on others that he is not so agree difficult, and at the same time so disingenuous, that able in your opinion as he might be, he naturally it ought never to be put in practice but by such as concludes yon could love him better if he had other have skill enough to cover the deceit, and innoqualifications, and that by consequence your affec- cence to render it excusable. tion does not rise so high as he thinks it ought. If

I shall conclude this essay with the story of therefore his temper be grave or sullen, you must Herod and Mariamne, as I have collected it out of Lot be too much pleased with a jest, or transported Josephus ;* which may serve almost as an example with any thing that is gay, and diverting. If his to whatever can be said on this subject. beauty be none of the best, you must be a professed

Mariamne had all the charms that beauty, birth, admirer of prudence, or any other quality he is • Antiquities of the Jews, book xv. chap 3. sect. 5, 6, 9, master of, or at least vain enough to think he is. cbap. 7. sect 1, 2, &c.

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wit, and youth, could give a woman, and Herod all brother. This behaviour so incensed Herod, that the love that such charms are able to raise in a he very hardly refrained from striking her; when warm and amorous disposition. In the midst of this in the heat of their quarrel there came in a witness, his fondness for Mariamne, he put her brother to suborned by some of Mariamne's enemies, who acdeath, as he did her father not many years after. cused her to the king of a design to poison him. The barbarity of the action was represented to Mark Herod was now prepared to hear any thing in her Antony, whó immediately summoned Herod into prejudice, and immediately ordered her servant to Egypt, to answer for the crime that was there laid be stretched upon the rack; who in the extremity of to his charge. Herod attributed the summons to his torture confessed, that his mistress's aversion to Antony's desire of Mariamne, whom therefore, be the king arose from something Sobemus had told fore his departure, he gave into the custody of his her; but as for any design of poisoning, he utterly uncle Joseph, with private orders to put her to disowned the least knowledge of it. This confession death, if any such violence was offered to himself. quickly proved fatal to Sohemus, who now lay under This Joseph was much delighted with Mariamne's the same suspicions and sentence that Joseph had conversation, and endeavoured, with all his art and before him, on the like occasion. Nor would Herod rhetorie, to set out the excess of Herod's passion for rest here; but accused her with great vehemence her; but when he still found her cold and incredu- of a design upon his life, and, by his authority with lous, he inconsiderately told her, as a certain in the judges, had her publicly condemned and exestance of her lord's affection, the private orders he cuted. Herod soon after her death grew melancholy had left behind him, which plainly showed, accord- and dejected, retiring from the public administration ing to Joseph's interpretation, that he could neither of affairs into a solitary forest, and there abandoning live nor die without her. This barbarous instance himself to all the black considerations, which natuof a wild up reasonable passion, quite put out, for a rally arise from a passion made up of love, remorse, time, those little remains of affection she still had pity, and despair. "He used to rave for his Marifor her lord. Her thoughts were so wholly taken up amne, and to call upon her in his distracted fits: with the cruelty of his orders, that she could not and in all probability would soon have followed her, consider the kindness that produced them, and there had not his thoughts been seasonably called off from fore represented him in her imagination, rather so sad an object by public storms, which at that under the frightful idea of a murderer than a lover. time very nearly threatened him.-L.

Herod was at length acquitted and dismissed by Mark Antony, when his soul was all in flames for his Mariamne; but before their meeting he was not No. 172.) MONDAY, SEPTEMBER 17, 1711. a little alarmed at the report he had heard of his Non solum scientia, quæ est remota à justitia, calliditas pouncle's conversation and familiarity with her in his tius quam sapientia est appellanda ; verum etiam animus pe absence, This therefore was the first discourse he ratus ad periculum, si sua cupiditate, non utilitate communi, entertained her with, in which she found it no easy nis

impellitur, audaciæ potius nomen habeat, quam fortitudi

Plato apud TULL. matter to quiet his suspicions. But at last he ap

As knowledge, without justice, ought to be called cunning. peared so well satisfied of her innocence, that from rather than wisdom ; so a mind prepared to meet danger, ir reproaches and wranglings he fell to tears and em-excited by its own eagerness, and not the public good, debraces. Both of them wept very tenderly at their serves the name of audacity, rather than that of fortitude reconciliation, and Herod poured out his whole soul There can be no greater injury to human sato her in the warmest protestations of love and con- ciety than that good talents among men should stancy; when amidst all his sighs and languishings be held honourable to those who are endowed she asked him, whether the private orders he left with them without any regard how they are applied. with his uncle Joseph were an instance of such an The gifts of nature and accomplishments of art are inflamed affection. The jealous king was immedi- valuable but as they are exerted in the interests of ately roused at so unexpected a question, and con- virtue, or governed by the rules of honour. W. cluded his uncle must have been too familiar with ought to abstract our minds from the observation her, before he would have discovered such a secret. of an excellence in those we converse with, till we In short, he put his uncle to death, and very diffi- have taken some notice, or received some good in. cultly prevailed upon himself to spare Mariamne. formation of the disposition of their minds; other

After this he was forced on a second journey into wise the beauty of their persons, or the charms of Egypt, when he committed his lady to the care of their wit, may make us fond of those whom our Sohemus, with the same private orders he had be reason and judgment will tell us we ought to abhor. fore given his uncle, if any mischief befel himself. When we suffer ourselves to be thus carried away In the meanwhile Mariamne so won upon Sohemus by inere beauty or mere wit, Omniamante, with ait by her presents and obliging conversation, that she her vice, will bear away as much of our good will as drew all the secret from him, with which Herod had the most innocent virgin, or discreetest matron; intrusted him; so that after his return, when he flew and there cannot be a more abject slavery in this to her with all the transports of joy and love, she world, than to dote upon what we think we ought received him coldly with sighs and tears, and all to condemn. Yet this must be our condition in all the marks of indifference and aversion. This re- the parts of life, if we suffer ourselves to approve ception so stirred up his indignation, that he had any thing but what tends to the promotion of what certainly slain her with his own hands, had not he is good and honourable. If we would take true feared he himself should have become the greater pains with ourselves to consider all things by the sufferer by it. It was not long after this, when he light of reason and justice, though a man were in had another violent return of love upon him : Mari- the height of youth and amorous inclinations, he amne was therefore sent for to him, whom he en. would look upon a coquette with the same cop deavoured to soften and reconcile with all possible tempt, or indifference, as he would upon a coxcomb. conjugal caresses and endearments; but she declined | The wanton carriage in a woman would disappoint his embraces, and answered all his fondness with her of the admiration which she aims at; and the bitter invectives for the death of her father, and her vain dress or discourse of a man would destroy the

OVID, Met. v. 215.

comeliness of his shape, or goodness of his un contrary effect; the fire will blaze out, and burn derstanding. I say the goodness of his under- up all that attempt to smother what they cannot exstanding, for it is no less common to see men of tinguish. sense commence coxcombs, than beautiful women There is but one thing necessary to keep the posa become immodest. When this happens in either, session of true glory, which is, to hear the opposers the favour we are naturally inclined to give to the of it with patience, and preserve the virtue by which good qualities they have from nature should abate it was acquired. When a man is thoroughly perin proportion. But however just it is to measure suaded that he ought neither to admire, wish for, or the value of men by the application of their talents, pursue any thing but what is exactly his duty, it is and not by the eminence of those qualities ab- not in the power of seasons, persons, or accidents, stracted from their use: I say, however just such a to diminish his value. He only is a great man who way of judging is, in all ages as well as this, the can neglect the applause of the multitude, and enjoy contrary has prevailed upon the generality of man- himself independent of its favour. This is indeed kind. How many lewd devices have been pre- an arduous task; but it should comfort a glorious served from one age to another, which had perished spirit, that it is the highest step to which human naas soon as they were made, if painters and sculptors ture can arrive. Triumph, applause, acclamation, had been esteemed as much for the purpose as the are dear to the mird of man; but it is still a more execution of their designs ? Modest and well-go- exquisite delight to say to yourself, you have done verned imaginations bave by this means lost the re- well, than to hear the whole human race pronounce presentation of ten thousand charming portraitures, you glorious, except you yourself can join with filled with images of innate truth, generous zeal, cou. them in your own reflections. A mind thus equal rageous faith, and tender humanity; instead of which and uniform may be deserted by little fashionable satyrs, furies, and monsters are recommended by admirers and followers, but will ever be had in reverthose arts to a shameful eternity.

ence by souls like itself. The branches of the oak The unjust application of laudable talents is to endure all the seasons of the year, though its leaves lerated in the general opinion of men, not only in fall off in autumn; and these too will be restored such cases as are here mentioned, but also in mat. with the returning spring.–T. ters which concern ordinary life. If a lawyer were to be esteemed only as he uses his parts in contending for justice, and were immediately despicable No. 173.] TUESDAY, SEPTEMBER 18, 1711. when he appeared in a cause which he could not -Remove fera monstra, tuæque but know was an unjust one, how honourable would Saxificos vultus, quæcunque ea, tolle Medusæ. his character be? And how honourable is it in

Hence with those monstrous features, and, O! spare sach among us, who follow the profession no other

That Gorgon's look and petrifying stare.-P. wise, than as labouring to protect the injured, to subdue the oppressor, to imprison the careless In a late paper I mentioned the project of an in

I debtor, and do right to the painful artificer? But genious author for the erecting of several handimany of this excellent character are overlooked by craft prizes to be contended for by cur British artithe greater number; who affect covering a weak sans, and the influence they might have towards the place in a client's title, diverting the course of an improvement of our several manufactures. I have inquiry, or finding a skilful refuge to palliate a since that been very much surprised by the followfalsehood: yet it is still called eloquence in the lat- ing advertisement, which I find in the Postboy of ter, though thus unjustly employed: but resolution the 11th instant, and again repeated in the Postboy in an assassin is according to reason quite as laud- of the 15th :able, as knowledge and wisdom exercised in the “ On the 9th of October next will be run for defence of an ill cause.

upon Colsehill-heath, in Warwickshire, a plate of Were the intention steadfastly considered as the six guineas value, three heats, by any horse, mare, measure of approbation, all falsehood would soon be or gelding, that hath not won above the value of out of countenance; and an address in imposing 51.; the winding horse to be sold for 101. to carry upon mankind, would be as contemptible in one ten stone weight, if fourteen hands high; if above state of life as another. A couple of courtiers mak- or under to carry or be allowed weight for inches, ing professions of esteem, would make the same and to be entered Friday the 5th at the Swan in figure after breach of promise, as two knights of the Coleshill, before six in the evening. Also a plate post convicted of perjury. But conversation is of less value to be run for by asses. The same day fallen so low in point of morality, that-as they say a gold ring to be grinded for by men.” in a bargain, "let the buyer look to it”- so in

The first of these diversions that is to be exhibited friendship, he is the man in danger who is most apt by the 101. race-horses, may probably have its use; to believe. He is the more likely to suffer in the but the two last in which the asses and men, are commerce, who begins with the obligation of being concerned, seem to me altogether extraordinary and the more ready to enter into it,

unaccountable. Why they should keep running But those men only are truly great, who place asses at Colsebill, or how making mouths turn to actheir ambition rather in acquiring to themselves the count in Warwickshire, more than in any other parts conscience of worthy enterprises, than in the pros- of England, I cannot comprehend. I'have looked pect of glory which' attends them. These exalted over all the Olympic games, and do not find any spirits would rather be secretly the authors of events thing in them like an ass-race, or a match at grin. which are serviceable to mankind, than, without ning. However it be, I am informed that several being such, to have the public fame of it. Where asses are now kept in body-clothes, and sweated therefore an eminent merit is robbed by artifice or every morning upon the heath; and that all the detraction, it does but increase by such endeavours country fellows within ten miles of the Swan grin of its enemies. The impotent pains which are taken an hour or two in their glasses every morning, ir to sully it, or diffuse it anong a crowd to the in order to qualify themselves for the 9th of October jury of a single person, will naturally produce the The prize which is proposed to be grinned for his


Be the winner.


Virg, ECL vii. 69.

raised such an ambition among the common peo- grins of his own invention, having been used to cut ple of out-grinning one another, that many very faces for many years together over his last. At the discerning persons are afraid it should spoil most very first grin he cast every human feature out of of the faces in the county; and that a Warwick- his countenance, at the second he became the face shire man will be known by his grin, as Roman of a spout, at the third a baboon, at the fourth Catholics imagine a Kentish man is by his tail. the head of a bass viol, and at the fifth a pair of nutThe gold ring, which is made the prize of deformity, crackers. The whole assembly wondered at b's acis just the reverse of the golden apple that was for complishments, and bestowed the ring on him un. merly made the prize of beauty, and should carry animously; but, what he esteemed more than all for its posy the old motto inverted :

the rest, a country wench, whom he had wooed in Detur tetriori."

vain for above five years before, was so charmed with Or, to accommodate it to the capacity of the com- all sides, that she married him the week following,

his grins, and the applauses which he received on batants,

and to this day wears the prize upon her finger, the The frightfull'st grinner

cobbler having made use of it as his wedding ring.

This paper might perhaps seem very impertinent, In the meanwhile I would advise a Dutch painter if it grew serious in the conclusion. It would ne. to be present at this great controversy of faces, in vertheless leave to the consideration of those who are order to make a collection of the most remarkable the patrons of this monstrous trial of skill, whether grins that shall be there exhibited.

or no they are not guilty, in some measure, of an I must not here omit an account which I lately affront to their species, in treating after this manreceived of one of these grinning matches from a ner the “human face divine," and turning that part gentleman, who, upon reading the above-mentioned of us, which has so great an image impressed upon advertisement, entertained a coffee house with the it, into the image of a monkey; whether the raising following narrative:-Upon the taking of Namur, such silly competitions among the ignorant, propaamidst other public rejoicings made on that occasion, sing prizes for such useless accomplishments, filling there was a gold ring given by a whig justice of peace the common people's heads with such senseless amto be grioned for. The first competitor that en-bitions, and inspiring them with such absurd ideas tered the lists was a black swarthy Frenchman, who of superiority and pre-eminence, has not in it someaccidently passed that way; and being a man na- thing immoral, as well as ridiculous.-L. turally of a withered look, and hard features, promised himself good success.

He was placed upon a table in the great point of view, and looking upon No. 174.] WEDNESDAY, SEPT. 19, 1711. the company like Milton's Death,

Hæc memini et victum frustra contendere Thyrsin. Grinn'd horribly a ghastly smile :His muscles were so drawn together on each side The whole debate in memory I retain, of his face, that he showed twenty teeth at a grin, When Thyrsis argued warmly, but in vain.-P and put the country in some pain, lest a foreigner THERE is scarce any thing more common than should carry away the honour of the day; but upon animosities between parties that cannot subsist bat a farther trial they found he was master only of the by their agreement: this was well represented in merry grin.

the sedition of the members of the human body in The next that mounted the table was a malecon- the old Roman fable. It is often the case of tent in those days, and a great master in the whole lesser confederate states against a superior power, art of grinning, but particularly excelled in the which are hardly held together though their unani angry grin. He did his part so well, that he is mity is necessary for their common safety; and said to have made half a dozen women miscarry; this is always the case of the landed and trading but the justice being apprised by one who stood near interests of Great Britain : the trader is fed by the him, that the fellow who grinned in his face was a product of the land, and the landed man cannot be Jacobite, and being unwilling that a disaffected per- clothed but by the skill of the trader; and yet those son should win the gold ring, and be looked upon interests are ever jarring. as the best grinner in the country, he ordered the We had last winter an instance of this at our oaths to be tendered unto him upon his quitting the club, in Sir Roger de Coverley and Sir Andrew table, which the grinner refusing, he was set aside Freeport, between whom there is generally a conas an unqualified person. There were several other stant, though friendly, opposition of opinions. It grotesque figures that presented themselves, which happened that one of the company, in an historical it would be too tedious to describe. I must not discourse, was observing that Carthaginian faith however omit a ploughman, who lived in the further

a proverbial phrase to intimate breach of part of the country, and being very lucky in a pair leagues. Sir Roger said it could hardly be otherof long lantern-jaws, wrung his face into such a bi; wise: that the Carthaginians were the greatest deous grimace, that every feature of it appeared traders in the world, and as gain is the chief end under à different distortion. The whole company of such a people, they never pursue any other ; the stood astonished at such a complicated grin, and means to it are never regarded: they will, if it coines were ready to assign the prize to him, had it not casily, get money honestly; but if úot, they will not been proved by one of his antagonists

, that he had scruple to attain it by fraud, or cozenage: and inpractised with verjuice for some days before, and deed, what is the whole business of the trader's achad a crab found upon him at the very time of count, but to overreach him who trusts to his me grinning; upon which the best judges of grinning mory? But were that not so, what can there great declared it as their opinion, that he was not to be and noble be expected from him whose attention is looked upon as a fair grinner, and therefore ordered for ever fixed upon balancing his books, and watchhim to be set aside as a cheat.

ing over his expenses ? And at best, let frugality The prize, it seems, at leugth fell upon a cobbler, Giles Gorgon by name, who produced several new

* Livú Hist. Dec. I. lib. i. cap. ii.



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