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camp unobserved, through several defiles,' in one tion, mentioning the destruction of the universe, has of which they met with a party of French that had these admirable lines : been 'marauding,' and made them all prisoners at

Now all the wide extended sky, discretion. The day after a drum arrived at our · And all th' harmonious worlds on high, camp, with a message which he would communicate

And Virgil's sacred work shall die. to none but the general; he was followed by a trum- There is no other method of fixing those thoughts pet, who they say behaved himself very saucily, which arise and disappear in the mind of man, and with a message from the Duke of Bavaria. The transmitting them to the last periods of time; no next morning our army, being divided into two other method of giving a permanency to our ideas, * corps,' made a movement towards the enemy. You and preserving the knowledge of any particular perwill hear in the public prints how we treated them, son, when his body is mixed with the common mass with the other circumstances of that glorious day. I of matter, and his soul retired into the world of had the good fortune to be in that regiment that spirits. Books are the legacies that a great genius pushed the gens d'armes.' Several French batta- leaves to mankind, which are delivered down from Lions, which some say were a "corps de reserve,' generation to generation, as presents to the posterity made a show of resistance; but it only proved a of those who are yet unborn.

gasconade, for upon our preparing to fill up a All other arts of perpetuating our ideas continue little · fossé,' in order to attack them, they beat the but a short time. Statues can last but a few thou. 'chamade,' and sent us a carte blanche.' Their sands of years, edifices fewer, and colours still . commandant, with a great many other general fewer than editices. Michael Angelo, Fontana, and officers, and troops without number, are made pri- Raphael, will hereafter be what Phidias, Vitruvius, soners of war, and will, I believe, give you a visit in and Apelles are at present; the names of great staEngland, the cartel' not being yet settled. Not tuaries, architects, and painters, whose works are questioning but these particulars will be very wel- lost. The several arts are expressed in mouldering come to you, I congratulate you upon them, and materials. Nature sinks under them, and is not able am your most dutiful son,” &c.

to support the ideas which are impressed upon it. The father of the young gentleman, upon the pe

The circumstance which gives authors an advanrusal of the letter, found it contained great news, tage above all these great masters is this, that they can but could not guess what it was. He iinmediately multiply their originals : or rather can make copies communicated it to the curate of the parish, who, of their works, to what number they please, which upon the reading of it, being vexed to see any thing shall be as valuable as the originals themselves. he could not understand, fell into a kind of passion, This gives a great author something like a prospect and told him, that his son had sent him a letter that of eternity, but at the same time deprives him of was neither fish, flesh, nor good red-herring. “I those other advantages which artists meet with. The wish," says he, “ the captain may be compos men- artist finds greater returns in profit, as the author in tis :' be talks of a saucy trumpet, and a drum that fame. What an inestimable price would a Virgil carries messages; then who is this 'carte blanche ?' or a Homer, a Cicero or an Aristotle bear, were He must either banter us, or he is out of his senses.” their works, like a statue, a building, or a picture, The father, who always looked upon the curate as a to be confined only in one place, and made the prolearned man, began to fret inwardly at his son's perty of a single person ! usage, and producing a letter which he had written If writings are thus durable, and may pass from to him about three posts before, “ You see here,” age to age through the whole course of time, how says be," when he writes for money he knows how careful should an author be of committing any thing to speak intelligibly enough; there is no man in to print that may corrupt posterity, and poison the England can express himself clearer, when he wants minds of men with vice and error! Writers of a new furniture for his horse.” In short, the old great talents, who employ their parts in propagating man was so puzzled upon the point, that it might immorality, and seasoning vicious sentiments with have fared ill with his son, had he not seen all the wit and humour, are to be looked upon as the pests prints about three days after filled with the same of society, and the enemies of mankind. They terms of art, and that Charles only writ like other leave books behind them (as it is said of those who nen.-L.

die in distempers which breed an ill-will towards their own species, to scatter infection and destroy

their posterity. They act the counterparts of a No. 166.] MONDAY, SEPTEMBER 10, 1711. Confucius or a Socrates; and seem to have been Quod nec Jovis ira, nec ignis,

sent into the world to deprave human nature, and Nec poterit ferrum, nec edax abolere vetustas.

sink it into the condition of brutality,

I have seen some Roman Catholic authors who tell -Which nor dreads the rage

us that vicious writers continue in purgatory so long or ternpests, fire, or war, or wasting age.-WELSTED.

as the influence of their writings continues upon ARISTOTLE tells us, that the world is a copy or posterity: for purgatory," say they, “is nothing transeript of those ideas which are in the mind of else but a cleansing us of our sins, which cannot be the first Being, and that those ideas which are in the said to be done away, so long as they continue to mind of man are a transcript of the world. To this operate, and corrupt mankind. The vicious author," we may add, that words are the transcript of those say they, "sins after death; and so long as he conideas which are in the mind of man, and that tinues to sin, so long must he expect to be punished.” writing or printing is the transcript of words. Though the Roman Catholic notion of purgatory be

As the Supreme Being has expressed, and as it indeed very ridiculous, one cannot but think, that if sere, printed his ideas in the creation, men express the soul after death has any knowledge of what their ideas in books, which by this great invention passes in this world, that of an immoral writer would of these latter ages may last as long as the sun and receive much more regret from the sense of corruptmoon, and perish only in the general wreck of na-ing, than satisfaction from the thought of pleasing, ture. Thus Cowley in his poem on the Resurrec- his surviving admirers,

OVID. Met. xv. 871.

To take off from the severity of this speculation,

In all but this, a man of sober life, I shall conclude this paper with a story of an atheis

Fond of his friend, and civil to his wise ;

Not quite a madman, though a pasty fell, tical author, who at a time when he lay dangerously

And inuch too wise to walk into a well sick, and had desired the assistance of a neigh- Him the damnd doctor and his friends immur'd; bouring curate, confessed to him with great contri

They bled, they cupp'd, they purg‘d, in short they curd,

Whereat the gentleman began to staretion, that nothing sat more heavy at his heart than

· My friends!" he cry'd : * pox take you for your care! the sense of his having seduced the age by his writ- That from a patriot of distingrish'd note, ings, and that their evil influence was likely to con- Have bled and purg'd me to a simple vote."-Pore. tinue eren after his death. The curate upon farther

The unhappy force of an imagination unguided examination finding the penitent in the utmost ago by the check of reason and judgment, was the subnies of despair, and being himself a man of learn-ject of a former speculation. My reader may reing, told him, that he hoped his case was not so member that he has seen in one of my papers a desperate as he apprehended, since he found that he complaint of an unfortunate gentleman, who was was so very sensible of his fault, and so sincerely re- unable to contain himself (when any ordinary matpented of it

. The penitent still urged the evil tén- ter was laid before him) from adding a few circumdency of his book to subvert all religion, and the stances to enliven plain narrative. That correslittle ground of hope there could be for one whose pondent was a person of too warm a complexion to writings would continue to do mischief when his be satisfied with things merely as they stood in nabody was laid in ashes. The curate, finding noture, and therefore formed incidents which should other way of comforting him, told him that he did have happened to have pleased him in the story. well in being afflicted for the evil design with which The same ungoverned fancy which pushed that corhe published his book; but that he ought to be very respondent on, in spite of himself, to relate public thankful that there was no danger of its doing any and notorious falsehoods, makes the author of the hurt: that bis cause was so very bad, and his argu, following letter do the same in private; one is a ments so weak, that he did not apprehend any ill prating, the other a silent liar. effects of it: in short, that he might rest satisfied

There is little pursued in the errors of either of his book could do no more mischief after his death, these worthies, but mere present amusement : but than it had done whilst he was living. To which he the folly of hiin who lets his fancy place him in disadded, for his farther satisfaction, that he did not be tant scenes untroubled and uninterrupted, is very lieve any besides his particular friends and acquaint- much preferable to that of him who is ever forcing a ance had ever been at the pains of reading it, or belief, and defending his untruths with new in venthat any body after his death would ever inquire tions. But I shall hasten to let this liar in soliloafter it. The dying man had still so much the frailty of an author in him, as to be cut to the heart himself with the same unreservedness as formerly

quy, who calls himself a castle-builder, describe with these consolations; and, without answering the appeared in my correspondent above mentioned. If good man, asked his friends about him (with a pee- a man were to be serious on this subject, he might vishness that is natural to a sick person) where they give very grave admonitions to those who are folhad picked up such a blockhead ? and whether they lowing any thing in this life, on which they think thought him a proper person to attend one in his to place their hearts, and tell them they are really condition ? The curate, finding that the author did castle-builders. Fame, glory, wealth, honour, bare not expect to be dealt with as a real and sincere in the prospect pleasing illusions; but they wbo penitent, but as a penitent of importance, after a short admonition withdrew; not questioning but he dients towards happiness, to be regarded only in

come to possess any of them will find they are ingreshould be again sent for if the sickness grew des- the second place: and that when they are valued ir perate. The author however recovered, and has the first degree they are as disappointing as any of since written two or three other tracts with the same the phantoms in the following letter :spirit, and very luckily for his poor soul, with the


September 6, 1711. same success.-C.

“ I am a fellow of a very odd frame of mind, as

you will find by the sequel; and think myself fool No. 167.1 TUESDAY, SEPTEMBER 11, 1711. happily far gone in building, and am one of that

enough to deserve a place in your paper. I am un. -Fuit haud ignobilis Argis,

species of men who are properly denominated castleQui se credebat miros audire tragoedos,

builders, who scorn to be beholden to the earth for In vacuo lætus sessor plausorque theatro;

a foundation, or dig in the bowels of it for mateCætera qui vitæ servaret munia recto More; bonus sane vicinus, amabilis hospes,

rials; but erect their structures in the most unstable Comis in uxorem; posset qui ignoscere servis,

of elements, the air; fancy alone laying the line, Et signo læso non insanire lagenæ;

marking the extent, and 'shaping the model. It Porset qui rupem et puteum vitare patentem. Hic, ubi cognatorum opibus curisque refectus,

would be difficult to enumerate what august palaces Expulit elleboro morbum bilemque meraco, ,

and stately porticos have grown under my forming Et redit ad sese : Pol me occidistis, amici,

imagination, or what verdant meadows and shady Non servastis, ait; cui, sic extorta voluptas, Et demptus per vim mentis gratissimus error.

groves have started into being by the powerful feat Hor. 2 Ep. ii. 128. of a warm fancy. A castle-builder is even just

what he pleases, and as such I have grasped imagi

nary sceptres, and delivered uncontrollable edicts, There liv'd in Primo Georgii (they record)

from a throne to which conquered nations yielded A worthy member, no small fool, a lord; Who, though the house was up, delighted sate,

obeisance. I have made I know not how many inHeard, noted, answer'd as in full debate ;

roads into France, and ravaged the very heart of

that kingdom; I have dined in the Louvre, and * The atheistical writer here alluded to, might, perhaps, be drank champaign at Versailles; and I would have Mr. Toland, who is said, by a writer in the Examiner, to have you take notice, I am not only able to vanquish a been the butt of the Talier, and for the same reasons, proba. bly, of the Spectator.

people already cowed' and accustomed to flight



but I could, Almanzor-like," drive the British ge- You may boast that the incomparably wise QuintiBetal from the field, were I less a Protestant, or lian and you are of one mind in this particular. had ever been affronted by the confederates. There . Si cui esi (says he) mens tam illiberalis ut objuryais do art or profession, whose most celebrated mas- tione non corrigatur, is etium ad plagas, ut pessima ters I have not eclipsed. Wherever I have afforded quæque mancipia, durabitur;' i, e. "If any child be my salutary presence, fevers have ceased to burn of so disingenuous 'a nature, as not to stand corand agues to shake the human fabric. When an rected by reproof, he, like the very worst of slaves, eloquent fit has been upon me, an apt gesture and will be hardened even against blows themselves.' proper cadence have animated each sentence, and And afterward, 'Pudet dicere in qua probra nefandi gazing crowds have found their passions worked up homines isto cædendi jure abutantur ;' i. e. • 1 blush into rage, or soothed into a calm. I am short, and to say how shamefully those wicked men abuse the not very well made; yet upon sight of a fine wo- power of correction." man, I have stretched into proper stature, and killed "I was bred myself, Sir, in a very great school, with a good air and mien. "These are the gay of which the master was a Welshman, but certainly phantoms that dance before my waking eyes, and descended from a Spanish family, as plainly apcompose my day-dreams. I should be the most con-peared from his temper as well as bis dame. + 'I tented bappy man alive, were the chimerical hap- leave you to judge what sort of a schoolmaster a piness which springs from the paintings of fancy Welshman ingrafted on a Spaniard would make. less fleeting and transitory. But alas! it is with So very dreadful had he made himself to me, that grief of mind I tell you, the least breath of wind has although it is above twenty years since I felt his often demolished my magnificent edificcs, swept heavy hand, yet still once a month at least I dream away my groves, and left no more trace of them of him, so strong an impression did he make on my than if they had never been. My exchequer has mind. It is a sign he has fully terrified me waking, sunk and vanished by a rap on my door; the salu- who still continues to haunt me sleeping. tation of a friend has cost me a whole continent; “And yet I may say without vanity, that the and in the same moment I have been pulled by the business of the school was what I did without great sleeve, my crown has fallen from my head. "The difficulty; and I was not remarkably unlucky; and . ill consequence of these reveries is inconceivably yet such was the master's severity, that once a great, seeing the loss of imaginary possessions makes month, or oftener, I suffered as much as would have impressions of real woe. Besides, bad economy is satisfied the law of the land for a petty larceny. visible and apparent in builders of invisible man- Many a white and tender hand, which the fond sions. My tenants' advertisements of ruins and mother had passionately kissed a thousand and a dilapidations often cast a damp on my spirits, even thousand times, have I seen whipped until it was in the instaut when the sun, in all his splendoar, covered with blood; perhaps for smiling, or for gogilds my eastern palaces. Add to this, the pensive ing a yard and a half out of a gate, or for writing drudgery in building, and constant grasping aerial | an o for an a, or an a for an o. These were our trowels, distracts and shatters the mind, and the great faults! Many a brave and noble spirit has foad builder of Babels is often cursed with an inco- been there broken; others have run from thence, herent diversity and confusion of thoughts. I do and were never heard of afterward. It is a worthy not know to whom I can more properly apply myself attempt to undertake the cause of distressed youth; for relief from this fantastical evil, than to yourself; and it is a noble piece of knight-errantry to enter whom I earnestly implore to accommodate me with the list against so many armed pedagogues. It is a method how to settle my head and cool my brain- pity but we had a set of men, polite in their behapan. A dissertation on castle-building may not only viour and method of teaching, who should be put be serviceable to myself, but all architects, who dis- into a condition of being above flattering or fearing play their skill in the thin element. Such a favour the parents of those they instruct. We might then would oblige me to make my next soliloquy not con- possibly see learning become a pleasure, and chiltain the praises of my dear self, but of the Spectator, aren delighting themselves in that which they now who sball, by complying with this, make me abhor for coming upon such hard terms to them.

His obliged humble servant, What would be still a greater happiness arising from T.

“ VITRUVIUS." the care of such instructors, would be, that we should

have no more pedants, nor any bred to learning who No. 168.7 WEDNESDAY, SEPT. 12, 1711.

had not genius for it.

“I am, with the utmost sincerity, Sir, Pectus præceptis format amicis.- Hor. 2 Ep. i. 128.

“ Your most affectionate humble servant." Forms the soft bosomn with the gentlest art.-POPL It would be arrogance to neglect the application

"MR. SPECTATOR, Richmond, Sept. 5, 1711. of my correspondents so far, as not sometimes to for this last year been under the tuition of a doctor

"I am a boy, of fourteen years of age, and have insert their animadversions upon my paper; that of of divinity, who has taken the school of this place this day shall be therefore wholly composed of the under his care. From the gentleman's great tenbints which they have sent me.

derness to me and friendship to my father, I am very "MR. SPECTATOR,

bappy in learning my book with pleasure. We never " I send you this to congratulate your late choice leave off our diversions any farther than to salute him of a subject, for treating on which you deserve pub- . at hours of play when he pleases to look on. It is imlic thanks; I mean that on those licensed tyrants possible for any of us to love our own parents better the schoolmasters. If you can disarm them of their than we do him. He never gives any of us a harsh rods, you will certainly have your old age reverenced by all the young gentlemen of great Britain who are now between seven and seventeen years. and afterward master of King's-college, Cambridge.

Dr. Charles Roderick, master, the provost c! Eton-school

1 This was Dr. Nicholas Brady, who joined in the new ver. "Alludwy to a furious character in Dryden's Conguest :ofsion of the Psalms, and was author of several volumes of Grzaada.

# Eton


word, and we think it the greatest punishment in 'No. 169.] THURSDAY, SEPTEMBER 13, 17... the world when he will not speak to any of us. My

Sic vita erat: facile omnes perserre ac pati: brother and I are both together inditing this letter.

Cum quibus erat cunque una, bis sese dedere, He is a year older than I am, but is now ready to Eorum obsequi studiis : adversus nemini; break his heart that the doctor has not taken any Nunquam præponens se aliis; Ita facillime

Sine invidia invenias laudem notice of bim these three days. If you please to

TER. Andr. act. i. sc. I. print this he will see it, and, we hope, taking it for

His manner of life was this : to bear with every body's bumy brother's earnest desire to be restored to his mours; to comply with the inclinations and pursuits of those favour, he will again smile upon him.

he conversed with; to contradict nobody; never to assume a “ Your most obedient servant,

T. S.” superiority over others. This is the ready way to gain ap

plause without exciting envy, “ MR, SPECTATOR,

Man is subject to innumerable pains and sorrows “ You have represented several sort of imperti- by the very condition of humanity, and yet, as is nents singly; I wish you would now proceed and nature had not sown evils enough in life, we are describe some of them in sets. It often happens in continually adding grief to grief, and aggravating public assemblies, that a party who came thither to the common calamity by our cruel treatment of one gether, or whose impertinencies are of an equal another. Every man's natural weight of afflictions pitch, act in concert, and are so full of themselves as is still made more heavy by the envy, inalice, trea to give disturbance to all that are about them. chery, or injustice of his neighbour. At the same Sometimes you have a set of whisperers who lay time that the storm beats upon the whole species, their heads together in order to sacrifice every hody we are falling foul upon one another. within their observation; sometimes a set of laughers

Half the misery of human life might be extinthat keep up an insipid mirth in their own corner, guished, would men alleviate the general curse they and by their noise and gestures show they have no lie under, by mutual offices of compassion, benevorespect for the rest of the company. You frequently lence, and humanity. There is nothing, therefore, meet with these sets at the opera, the play, the which we ought more to encourage in ourselves and water-works, * and other public meetings, where others, than that disposition of mind which in our their whole business is to draw off the attention of language goes under the title of good-nature, and the spectators from the entertainment, and to fix it which I shall choose for the subject of this day's upon themselves;

and it is to be observed that the speculation. impertinence is ever loudest, when the set happens Good-nature is more agreeable in conversation to be made up of three or four females who have got than wit, and gives a certain air to the countenance, what you call a woman's man among them.

which is more amiable than beauty. It shows virtue “ I'am at a loss to know from whom people of in the fairest light, takes off in some measure from fortune should learn this behaviour, unless it be from the deformity of vice, and makes even folly and imthe footmen who keep their places at a new play, pertinence supportable. and are often seen passing away their time in sets There is no society or conversation to be kept up at all-fours in the face of a full house, and with a in the world without good-nature, or something perfect disregard to the people of quality sitting on which must bear its appearance, and supply its each side of them.

place. For this reason mankind have been forced “ Por preserving therefore the decency of public to invent a kind of artificial humanity, which is what assemblies, methinks it would be but reasonable we express by the word good-breeding. For if we that those who disturb others should pay at least a examine thoroughly the idea of what we call so, we double price for their places; or rather women of shall find it to be nothing else but an imitation and birth and distinction should be informed, that a mimicry of good-nature, or, in other terms, affabi levity of behaviour in the eyes of people of under-lity, complaisance, and easiness of temper reduced standing degrades them below their meanest at-into an art. tendants; and gentlemen should know that a fine These exterior shows and appearances of humacoat is a livery, when the person who wears it dis-nity render a man wonderfully popular and beloved covers no higher sense than that of a footman.

when they are founded upon a real good-nature; I am, Sir, Your most humble servant."

but without it, are like hypocrisy in religion, or a “ Bedfordshire, Sept. 1, 1711. bare form of holiness, which, when it is discovered, “ MR. SPECTATOR,

makes a man more detestable than professed impiety. “I am one of those whom every body calls a

Good-nature is generally born with us; health, poacher, and sometimes go out to course with a prosperity, and kind treatment from the world are brace of grey hounds, a mastiff

, and a spaniel or great cherishers of it where they find it; but notwo; and when I am weary with coursing, and have thing is capable of forcing it up, where it does not killed hares enough, t go to an alehouse to refresh grow of itself. It is one of the blessings of a happy myself. I beg the favour of you (as you set up for constitution, which education may improve, but not a reformer) to send us word how many dogs you will produce. allow us to go with, how many full pots of ale to

Xenophon, in the life of his imaginary prince, drink, and how many hares to kill in a day, and whom he describes as a pattern for real ones, is alyou will do a great piece of service to all the sports his hero, which he tells us he brought

into the world

ways celebrating the philanthropy or good-nature of men. Be quick, then, for the time of coursiog Yours in haste,

with him, and gives many remarkable instances of T. “ Isaac HedgediTCH." it in his childhood, as well as in all the several parts

of his life.* Nay, on bis death-bed, he describes • This was the Water-theatre, a famous show of those times, him as being pleased, that while his soul returned to invented by one Mr. Winstanley, and exhibited at the lower end of Piccadilly; consisting of sea-gods, goddesses, nymphs, him who made it, his body should incorporate with mermaids, tritons, &c. playing and spouting out water, and fire the great mother of all things, and by that means mingled with water, &c. performed every evening between five and six.

* Xenoph. De Cyri Instit. lib. viii. cap. vii. ec. 3. edit. J. A. 1 Enow.

Ern. Svo. tom. I. p. 560.

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come on.

Bellum, pax rursum

TER. Eun. act. i. sc. 1


become beneficial to all mankind. For which reason he gives his sons a positive order not to enshrine it

No. 170.) FRIDAY, SEPTEMBER 14, 1711. ia gold or silver, but to lay it in the earth as soon

In amore hæc omnia insunt vitia : injuriæ,

Suspiciones, inimicitiæ, induciæ, as the life was gone out of it. An instance of such an overflowing of humanity,

In love are all these ills: suspicions, quarrels, such an exuberant love to mankind, could not have

Wrongs, reconcilements, war, and peace again-COLEMAX. entered into the imagination of a writer, who had not a soul filled with great ideas, and a general be

Upon looking over the letters of my female corDefolence to mankind.

respondents, I find several from wonien complainIn that celebrated passage of Sallust, where of jealous husbands, and at the same time proCæsar and Cato are placed in such beantiful, but testing their own innocence; and desiring my adopposite lights, * Cæsar's character is chiefly made vice on this occasion. I shall therefore take this up of good-nature, as it showed itself in all its forms subject into my consideration; and the more wil. towards his friends or his enemies, bis servants or lingly, because I find that the Marquis of Halifax, dependants, the guilty or the distressed. As for who, in his Advice to a Daughter, has instructed a Cato's character, it is rather awful than amiable. wife how to behave herself towards a false, au inJustice seems most agreeable to the nature of God, temperate, a choleric, a sullen, a covetous, or a silly and nerey to that of man. A being who has no-husband, has not spoken one word of a jealous husthing to pardon in himself, may reward every man

band. according to his works; but he whose very best ac

Jealousy is that pain which a man feels from tions must be seen with grains of allowance, cannot the apprehension that he is not equally beloved by be too mild, moderate, and forgiving. For this the person whom he entirely loves.” Now because reason, among all the monstrous characters in human our inward passions and inclinations can never nature, there is none so odious, nor indeed so exqui- make themselves visible, it is impossible for a jeasitely ridiculous, as that of a rigid severe temper in lous man to be thoroughly cured of his suspicions. a wortbless man.

His thoughts hang at best in a state of doubtfulness This part of good-nature, however, which con- and uncertainty; and are never capable of receiving sists in the pardoning and overlooking of faults, is any satisfaction on the advantageous side ; so that to be exercised only in doing ourselves justice, and his inquiries are most successful when they discover that too in the ordinary commerce and occurrences nothing. His pleasure arises from his disappointof life : for in the public administrations of justice, ments, and his life is spent in pursuit of a secret mercy to one may be cruelty to others.

that destroys his happiness if he chance to find it. It is grown almost into a maxim, that good

An ardent love is always a strong ingredient in Latured men are not always men of the mosê wit. his passion; for the same affection which stirs up This observation, in my opinion, bas no foundation the jealous man's desires, and gives the party bein nature. The greatest wits I have conversed with, loved so beautiful a figure in his imagination, makes are men eminent for their humanity. I take, bim believe she kindles the same passion in others, therefore, this remark to have been occasioned by and appears as amiable to all beholders. And as two reasons. First, because ill-nature among ordi jealousy thus arises from an extraordinary love, it nary observers passes for wit. A spiteful saying

is of so delicate a nature, that it scorns to take up gratifies so many little passions in those who hear with any thing less than an equal return of love. it, that it generally meets with a good reception. Not the warmest expressions of affection, the softest The laugh rises upon it, and the man who utters it and most teader hypocrisy, are able to give any is losked upon as a shrewd satirist

. This may be satisfaction where we are not persuaded that the one reason, why a great many pleasant companions the jealous man wishes himself a kind of deity to

affection is real, and the satisfaction mutual. For appear so surprisingly dull, when they have endea. poured to be merry in print; the public being more the person he loves. He would be the only pleajust than private chubs or assemblies, in distinguish- and is angry at every thing she admires, or takes

sure of her senses, the employment of her thoughts; ing between what is wit, and what is ill-nature. Another reason why the good-natured man may

delight in, besides himself. sometimes bring his wit in question, is, perhaps, be. Phædra's request to his mistress, upon his leavcause he is apt to be moved with compassion for ing her for three days, is inimitably beautiful and those misfortunes or infirmities, which another would natural: turn into ridicule, and by that means gain the reputation of a wit. The ill-natured man, though but

Cum milite isto presens, absens ut sies:

Dies noctesque me ames: me desiderés : of equal parts, gives himself a larger field to expa- Me soinnies: me expectes : de me cogites : tiate it; be exposes those failings in human nature Me speres: me te oblectes : mecum tola sis: which the other would cast a veil over, laughs at vices

Meus fac sis postremo animus, quando ego sum tuus. which the other either excuses or conceals, gives utterance to reflectionswhich the other stifies, falls indiffer

Be with yon soldier present, as if absent. ently upon friends or enemies, exposes the person who

All night and day love me, still long for me :

Dream, ponder still "on" me: wish, hope for me : has obliged him, and, in short, sticks at nothing that Delight in me; be all in all with me: may establish his character as a wit. It is no wonder, Give your whole heart, for mine 's all yours, to me. therefore, that be succeeds in it better than the man of humanity, as a person who makes use of indi- The jealous man's disease is of so malignant a reet methods is more likely to grow rich than the nature, that it converts all it takes into its own fair trader.-L.

pourishment. A cool behaviour sets him on the Sailut Bell. Catil. c. liv.

rack, and is interpreted as an instance of aversion 1. Dr. Swift's wit was to be subjected to this scrutiny, it or indifference; a fond one raises his suspicions, oud be curcumscribed within a very narrow compass. The and looks too much like dissimulation and artifice. biel source from which it sprung was the indignation that If the person he loves be cheerful, her thoughts pared his heart.

must be employed on another; and if sad, she is SPECTATOR-Nos. 25 & 26.

TER. Eun, act. i. sc. 2.


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