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pressed in conversation, there is not one more un- being—the conscience of a good fame, the contemworthy a gentleman or a man of liberal education, plation of another life, the respect and commerce of than that of wishing one's self younger. ! bave honest men, our capacities for such enjoyments are observed this wish is usually made upon sight of enlarged by years. While health endures, the latter some object which gives the idea of a past action, part of life, in the eye of reason, is certainly the that it is no dishonour to us that we cannot now re- more eligible. The memory of a well-spent youth peat; or else on what was in itself shameful when gives a peaceable, unmixed, and elegant pleasure to we performed it. It is a certain sign of a foolish the mind; and to such who are so unfortunate as or a dissolute mind if we want our youth again only not to be able to look back on youth with satisfac. for the strength of bones and sinews which we once tion, they may give themselves no little consolation were masters of. It is (as my author has it) as ab- that they are under no temptation to repeat their surd in an old man to wish for the strength of youth, follies, and that they at present despise them. It was as it would be in a young man to wish for the prettily said,
“ He that would be long an old man, strength of a bull or a horse. These wishes are both must begin early to be one :" it is too late to resign equally out of nature, which should direct in all a thing after a man is robbed of it; therefore it is things that are not contradictory to justice, law, necessary that before the arrival of age we bid adieu and reason. But though every old man has been to the pursuits of youth, otherwise sensual habits young, and every young one hopes to be old, there will live in our imaginations, when our limbs cannot seems to be a most unnatural misunderstanding be- be subservient to them. The poor fellow who lost tween those two stages of life. This unhappy want his arm last siege, will tell you, he feels the fingers of commerce arises from the insolent arrogance or that are buried in Flanders ache every cold morning exultation in youth, and the irrational despondence at Chelsea. or self-pity in age. A young man whose passion The fond bumour of appearing in the gay and and ambition is to be good and wise, and an old one fashionable world, and being applauded for trivial who has no inclination to be lewd or debauched, are excellences, is what makes youth have age in conquite unconcerned in this speculation ; but the cock- tempt, and makes age resign with so ill a grace the ing young fellow who treads upon the toes of his qualifications of youth; but this in both sexes is inelders, and the old fool who envies the saucy pride verting all things, and turning the natural course of he sees him in, are the objects of our present con- our minds, which should build their approbations tempt and derision. Contempt and derision are and dislikes upon what nature and reason dictate, harsh words ; but in what manner can one give ad- into chimera and confusion. vice to a youth in the pursuit and possession of sens- Age in a virtuous person, of either sex, carries in ual pleasures, or afford pity to an old man in the it an authority which makes it preferable to all the impotence and desire of enjoying them? When pleasures of youth. If to be saluted, attended, and young men in public places betray in their deport-consulted with deference, are instances of pleasure, ment an abandoned resignation to their appetites, they are such as never fail a virtuous old age. In they give to sober minds a prospect of a despicable the enumeration of the imperfections and advanage, which, if not interrupted by death in the midst tages of the younger and later years of man, they of their follies, must certainly come. When an old are so near in their condition, that, methinks, it man bewails the loss of such gratifications which are should be incredible we see so little commerce of past, he discovers a monstrous inclination to that kindness between them. If we consider youth and which it is not in the course of Providence to recall. age with Tully, regarding the affinity to death, youth The state of an old man, who is dissatisfied merely has many more chances to be near it than age: what for his being such, is the most out of all measures youth can say more than an old man, " he shall of reason and good sense of any being we have any live until night?" Youth catches distempers more account of from the highest angel to the lowest worm. easily, its sickness is more violent, and its recovery How miserable is the contemplation to consider a more doubtful. The youth indeed hopes for many libidinous old man (while all created beings, besides more days, so cannot the old man. The youth's himself and devils, are following the order of Pro-hopes are ill-grounded; for what is more foolish vidence) fretting at the course of things, and being than to place any confidence upon an uncertainty? almost the sole malecontent in the creation. But But the old man has not room so much as to hope; let us a little reflect upon wbat he has lost by the he is still happier than the youth; he has already number of years. The passions which he had in enjoyed what the other does but hope for. One youth are not to be obeyed as they were then, but wishes to live long, the other has lived long. But, reason is more powerful now without the disturbance alas! is there any thing in human life, the duration of them. An old gentleman the other day in dis- of which can be called long? There is nothing course with a friend of his (reflecting upon some ad- which must end, to be valued for its continuance. ventures they had in youth together) cried out, “Oh If hours, days, months, and years pass away, it is Jack, those were happy days !" " That is true," no matter what hour, what day, what month, or wbat replied his friend, “but methinks we go about our year we die. The applanse of a good actor is due to business more quietly than we did then.” One him at whatever scene of the play he makes his erit. would think it should be no small satisfaction to It is thus in the life of a man of sense; a short life have gone so far in our journey that the heat of the is sufficient to manifest himself a man of hopuur day is over with us. When life itself is a fever, as it is and virtue; when he ceases to be such he has lived in licentious youth, the pleasures of it are no other too long; and while he is such, it is of no consethan the dreams of a man in that distemper; and quence to him how long he shall be so, provided he it is as absurd to wish the return of that season of
is so to his life's end.-T. life, as for a man in health to be sorry for the loss of gilded palaces, fairy walks, and flowery pastures, with which he remembers he was entertained in the troubled slumbers of a fit of sickness.
As to all the rational and worthy pleasures of our
No. 154.1 MONDAY, AUGUST 27, 1711. lowed a young woman, whose relations were jealous
of my place in her favour, to Scarborough. I car. Nemo repente fuít tarpissimus Juv. Sat. ii. 83.
ried my point, and in my third year aspired to go No man e'er reachid the heights of vice at first.-TATE.
to Tunbridge, and in the autumn of the same year “Mr. SPECTATOR,
made my appearance at Bath. I was now got into
the way of talk proper for ladies, and was run into “ You are frequent in the mention of matters a vast acquaintance among them, which I always im. which concern the feminine world, and take upon proved to the best advantage. In all this course of you to be very severe against men upon all those oc- time, and some years following, I found a sober casions : but all this while I am afraid you have modest man was always looked upon by both sexes been very little conversant with women, or you as a precise unfashioned fellow of no life or spirit. would know the generality of them are not so angry It was ordinary for a man who had been drunk in as you imagine at the general vices among us.
good company, or passed a night with a wench, to am apt to believe (begging your pardon) that you are speak of it next day before women for whom he had still what I myself was once, a queer modest fellow; the greatest respect. He was reproved, perhaps, and therefore, for your information, shall give you with a blow of the fan, or with an Oh fie! but the a short account of myself
, and the reasons why I was angry lady still preserved an apparent approbation forced to wench, drink, play, and do every thing in her countenance. He was called a strange which are necessary to the character of a man of wicked fellow, a sad wretch; he shrugs his shoulders, wit and pleasure, to be well with the ladies.
swears, receives another blow, swears again he did “ You are to know, then, that I was bred a gen- not know he swore, and all was well. You might tleman, and had the finishing part of my education often see men game in the presence of women, and under a man of great probity, wit, and learning, in throw at once for more than they were worth, to reone of our universities. I will not deny but this commend themselves as men of spirit. I found by made my behaviour and mien bear in it a figure of long experience, that the loosest principles and most thought rather than action; and a man of a quite abandoned behaviour, carried all before them in precontrary character who never thought in his life, tensions to women of fortune. The encouragement rallied me one day upon it, and said, ' he believed I given to people of this stamp, made me soon throw was still a virgin. There was a young lady of vir- off the remaining impressions of a sober education. tue present, and I was not displeased to favour the In the above-mentioned places, as well as in town, insinuation; but it had a quite contrary effect from I always kept company with those who lived most what I expected. I was ever after treated with at large; and in due process of time I was a very great coldness both by that lady and all the rest of pretty rake among the men, and a very pretty fellow my acquaintance. In a very little time I never among the women. I must confess, I had some mecame into a room but I could hear a whisper, 'Here lancholy hours upon the account of the narrowness comes the maid. A girl of humour would on some of my fortune, but my conscience at the same time occasion say, ' Why, how do you know more than gave me the comfort that I had qualified myself for any of us : An expression of that kind was gene: marrying a fortune. raly followed by a loud laugh. In a word, for no « When I had lived in this manner some time, other fault in the world than that they really thought and became thus accomplished, I was now in the me as innocent as themselves, I became of no conse- twenty-seventh year of my age, and about the fortyquence among them, and was received always upon seventh of my constitution, my health and estate the foot of a jest. This made so strong an impreso wasting very fast; when I happened to fall into the sion upon me, that I resolved to be as agreeable as company of a very pretty young lady in her own the best of the men who laughed at me; but I ob- disposal. I entertained the company, as we men of served it was nonsense for me to be impudent at gallantry generally do, with the many haps and disfirst among those who knew me. My character for asters, watchings' under windows, escapes from modesty was so notorious wherever I had hitherto jealous husbands, and several other perils. The appeared, that I resolved to shew my new face in young thing was wonderfully charmed with one that new quarters of the world. My first step I chose knew the world so well, and talked so fine : with with judgment; for I went to Astrop, * and came Desdemona, all her lover said affected her; it was down among a crowd of academics, at one dash, the strange, it was wondrous strange.' In a word, I impudentest fellow they had ever seen in their lives, saw the impression I had made upon her, and with Flushed with this success, I made love, and was a very little application the pretty thing has married "happy. Upon this conquest I thought it would be me. There is so much charm in her innocence and unhke a gentleman to stay long with my mistress, beauty, that I do now as much detest the course ! and crossed the country to Bury.t. I could give have been in for many years, as ever I did before I yoa a very good account of myself at that place entered into it. also. At these two ended my first summer of gal “What I intend, Mr. Spectator, by writing all lastry.The vinter following, you would wonder at this to you, is that you would, before you go any "it, but I relapsed into modesty upon coming among farther with your, panegyrics on the fair sex, give people of figure in London, yet not so much but that them some lectures upon their silly approbations.the ladies who had formerly laughed at me, said, It is that I am weary of vice, and that it was not my * Bless us, how wonderfully that gentleman is im- natural way, that I am now so far recovered as not proved ! Somne familiarities about the play-houses to bring this believing dear creature to contempt towards the end of the ensuing winter, made me and poverty for her generosity to me.
At the same coaceive new hopes of adventures. And instead of time tell the youth of good education of our sex, that returning the next summer to Astrop or Bury, they take too little care of improving themselves in thoaght myself qualified to go to Epsom, and fol- little things. A good air at entering into a room, a
Astrop-wells, in Oxfordshire • into which Doctor Radcliffe proper audacity in expressing himself with gaiety put a toad"
and gracefulness, would make a young gentleman of * Bary-fair. A place of fashionable resort.
virtue and sense capable of discountenancing the
shallow impudent rogues, that shine among the pudent countenance and gesture, will appear, they
may come to some sense of themselves, and the in. “Mr. Spectator, I do not doubt but you are a sults they are guilty of towards me. very sagacious person, but you are so great with “I am, Sir, your most humble servant, Tully of late, that I fear you will contemn these
" THE ÍDOL." things as matters of no consequence : but believe This representation is so just, that it is hard to me, Sir, they are of the highest importance to human speak of it without an indignation which perhaps life; and if you can do any thing towards opening would appear too elevated to such as can be guilty fair eyes, you will lay an obligation upon all your of this inhuman treatment, where they see they alcontemporaries who are fathers, husbands, or bro- front a modest, plain, and ingenuous behaviour. thers to females.
This correspondent is not the only sufferer in this “ Your most affectionate humble servant, kind, for I have long letters both from the Royal
“Simon HONEYCOMB.” and New Exchange on the same subject. They tell T.
me that a young fop cannot buy a pair of gloves, but he is at the same time straining at some ingenious ri.
baldry to say to the young woman who helps them on. No. 155.] TUESDAY, AUGUST 28, 1711.
It is no small addition to the calamity that the rogues -Hæ nugæ seria ducunt
buy as hard as the plainest and modestest customers n malaHOR. Ars Poet. v. 451.
they have; besides which, they loll upon their These things which now seem frivolous and slight, Will prove of serious consequence.-Roscommon.
counters half an hour longer than they need, to
drive away other customers, who are to share their I have more than once taken notice of an inde- impertinences with the milliner
, or go to another cent licence taken in discourse, wherein the conver- shop. Letters from 'Change-alley are full of the sation on one part is involuntary, and the effect of same evil; and the girls tell me, except I can chase some necessary circumstance. This happens in tra
some eminent merchants from their shops they shall velling together in the same hired coach, sitting near in a short time fail. It is very unaccountable, that each other in any public assembly, or the like. I men can have so little deference to all mankind who have, upon making observations of this sort, re- pass by them, as to bear being seen toying by twos ceived innumerable messages from that part of the and threes at a time, with no other purpose but to fair sex whose lot in life it is to be of any trade or appear gay enough to keep up a light conversation public way of life. They are all, to a woman, urgent or common-place jests, to the injury of her whose with me to lay before the world the unhappy cir- credit is certainly hurt by it, though their own may cumstances they are under, from the unreasonable be strong enough to bear' it. When we come to bave liberty which is taken in their presence, to talk on exact acconnts of these conversations, it is not to be what subject is thought fit by every coxcomb who doubted but that their discourses will raise the usual wants understanding or breeding. One or two of style of buying and selling. Instead of the plain these complaints I shall set down.
downright lying, and asking and bidding so un“ MR. SPECTATOR,
equally to what they will really give and take, we “I keep a coffee-house, and am one of those whom may hope to have from these fine folks an exchange you have thought fit to mention as an Idol some time of compliments. There must certainly be a great ago. I suffered a good deal of raillery upon that deal of pleasant difference between the commerce of occasion; but shall heartily forgive you, who are the lovers, and that of all other dealers, who are in a cause of it, if you will do me justice in another kind, adversaries. A sealed bond, or a bank-note, point. What I ask of you is, to acquaint my cus- would be a pretty gallantry to convey unseen into tomers (who are otherwise very good ones) that I the hands of one whom a director is charmed with; am unavoidably hasped in my bar, and cannot help otherwise the city-loiterers are still more unreasonhearing the improper discourses they are pleased to able than those at the other end of the town. At the entertain me with. They strive who shall say the New-Exchange they are eloquent for want of cash, most immodest things in my hearing. At the same but in the city they ought with cash to supply their time half a dozen of them loll at the bar staring just want of eloquence. in my face, ready to interpret my looks and gestures If one might be serious on this prevailing folly, according to their own imaginations. In this pas-one might observe that it is a melancholy thing, sive condition I know not where to cast my eyes, when the world is mercenary even to the buying and place my hands, or what to employ myself in. But selling our very persons; that young women, though ihis confusion is to be a jest, and I hear them say in they have never so great attractions from nature, are the end, with an insipid'air of mirth and subtlety, never the nearer being happily disposed of in mar*Let her alcne; she knows as well as we, for all she riage; I say, it is very hard under this necessity, it looks so.' Good Mr. Spectator, persuade gentlemen shall not be possible for them to go into a way of that it is out of all decency. Say it is possible a trade for their maintenance, but their very excel. woman may be modest and yet keep a public-house. lences and personal perfections shall be a disadvanBe pleased to argue, that in truth the affront is the tage to them, and subject them to be treated as if more un pardonable because I am obliged to suffer it, they stood there to sell their persons to prostitution. and cannot fly from it. I do assure you, Sir, the There cannot be a more melancholy circumstance to cheerfulness of life which would arise from the one who has made any observation in the world, honest gain I have, is utterly lost on me, from than one of those erring creatures exposed to bankthe endless, flat, impertinent pleasantries which I ruptcy. When that happens, none of those toying hear from morning to night. In a word, it is too fools will do any more than any other man they meet, much for me to bear; and I desire you to acquaint to preserve her from infamy, insult
, and distemper. them, that I will keep pen and ink at the bar, and A woman is naturally inore helpless than the other write down all they say to me, and send it to you for sex; and a man of honour and sense should have the press. It is possible when they see how empty this in his view in ali manner of commerce with her. whai they speak, without the advantage of an im- | Were this well weighed, inconsideration, ribaldry,
and nonsense, would not be more natural to enter-man of good understanding a general favourite; tain women with, than men; and it would be as some singularity in his behaviour, some whim in his much impertinence to go into a shop of one of these way of life, and what would have made him ridiyoung women without buying, as into that of any culous among the men, has recommended him to other trader. I shall end this speculation with a the other sex. I should be very sorry to offend a letter I have received from a pretty milliner in people so fortunate as those of whom I am speaking; the city,
but let any one look over the old beaux, and be will
find the man of success was remarkable for qnar“MR. SPECTATOR,
relling impertinently for their sakes, for dressing “I have read your account of beauties, and was unlike the rest of the world, or passing his days in not a little surprised to find no character of myself an insipid assiduity about the fair sex to gain the in it I do assure you I have little else to do but to figure he made amongst them. Add to this, that he give audience, as I am such. Here are merchants must have the reputation of being well with other of no small consideration, who call in as certainly as women, to please any one woman of gallantry; for they go to 'Change, to say something of my roguish you are to know, that there is a mighty ambition eye. And here is one who makes me once or twice among the light part of the sex, to gain slaves from a week tumble over all my goods, and then owns it the dominion of others. My friend Will Honeywas only gallantry to see me act with these pretty comb says it was a common bite with him, to lay hands: then lays out three-pence in a little riband suspicions that he was favoured by a lady's enemy, for his wristbands, and thinks he is man of great vi-|(that is, some rival beauty,) to be well with herself. vacity. There is an ugly thing pot far off me, whose A little spite is natural to a great beauty : and it is shop is frequented only by people of business, that ordinary to snap up a disagreeable fellow lest anois all day long as busy as possible. Must I that am ther should have him. That impudent toad Bareface a beauts be treated with for nothing but my beauty? fares well among all the ladies he converses with, Be pleased to assign rates to my kind glances, or for no other reason in the world but that he has the make all pay who come to see me, or I shall be un- skill to keep them from explanation with one anodone by my admirers for want of customers. Alba- ther. Did they know there is not one who likes him cinda, Eudosia, and all the rest, would be used just in her heart, each would declare her scorn of him the as we are, if they were in our condition; therefore next moment; but he is well received by them bepray consider the distress of us the lower order of cause it is the fashion, and opposition to each other beauties, and I shall be
brings them insensibly into an imitation of each “Your obliged humble servant." other. What adds to him the greatest grace is, that
the pleasant thief, as they call him, is the most in
constant creature living, has a wonderful deal of wit No. 156.1 WEDNESDAY, AUGUST 29, 1711. and humour, and never wants something to say; beSed tu simul obligasti
sides all which, he has a most spiteful dangerous Perfidum votis caput, enitescis
tongue if you should provoke him. Pulchrior multo.--Hor. 2 Od. viii. 5.
To make a woman's man, he must not be a man But thou,
of sense, or a fool; the business is to entertain, and When once thou hast broke some tender vow, it is much better to have a faculty of arguing, than All perjur'd, dost more charming grow!
a capacity of judging right. But the pleasantest of I do not think any thing could make a pleasanter all the women's equipage are your regular visitants; entertainment, than the history of the reigning fa- these are volunteers in their service, without hopes vourites among the women from time to time about of pay or preferment. It is enough that they can this town. In such an account we ought to have a lead out from a public place, that they are adinitted faithful confession of each lady for what she liked on a public day, and can be allowed to pass away such and such a man, and he ought to tell us by part of that heavy load, their time, in the company what particular action or dress he believed he should of the fair. But commend me above all others to be most successful. As for my part, I have always those who are known for your ruiners of lades; made as easy a judgment when a man dresses for the these are the choicest spirits which our age produces. ladies, as when he is equipped for hunting or cours. We have several of these irresistible gentlemen ing:--the woman's man is a person in his air and among us when the company is in town. These felbehaviour quite different from the rest of our species; lows are accomplished with the knowledge of the bis garb is more loose and negligent, his manner ordinary occurrences about court and town, have more soft and indolent;-that is to say, in both these that sort of good breeding which is exclusive of all cases there is an apparent endeavour to appear un- morality, and consists only in being publicly decent, concerned and careless. In catching birds the privately dissolute. fowlers have a method of imitating their voices to It is wonderful how far a fond opinion of herself bring them to the snare; and your women's men can carry a woman, to make her have the least re. have always a similitude of the creature they hope to gard to a professed' known woman's man; but as betray in their own conversation. A woman's man scarce one of all the women who are in the tour of is very knowing in all that passes from one family gallantries ever hears any thing of what is the comto another, has pretty little officiousnesses, is not at mon sense of sober minds, but are entertained with a less what is good for a cold, and it is not amiss if a continual round of flatteries, they cannot be mishe has a bottle of spirits in his pocket in case of any tresses of themselves enough to make arguments
for sudden indisposition.
their own conduct from the behaviour of these men Curiosity having been my prevailing passion, and to others. It is so far otherwise, that a general indeed the sole entertainment of my life, I have fame for falsehood in this kind, is a recommendation; sometimes made it my business to examine the and the coxcomb, loaded with the favours of many course of intrigues as well as the manners and ac- Others, is received like a victor that disdains his trócomplishments of such as have been most successful phies, to be a victim to the present charmer. that way. In all my observation, I never knew a If you see a man more full of gesture than ordi. SPECTATOR-Nos. 23 & ?!
nary in a public assembly, if loud upon no occasion, would, if he had kings to run against him. Cassim, if negligent of the company round him, and yet lay- who was one of the conspirators against Cæsar, gave ing wait for destroying by that negligence, you may as great a proof of his temper, when in his childtake it for granted that he has ruined many a fair hood he struck a play-fellow, the son of Sylla, for
The woman's man expresses himself wholly saying his father was master of the Roman people. in that motion which we call strutting. An elevated Scipio is reported to have answered, when some chest, a pinched hat, a measurable step, and a sly flatterers at supper were asking him what the surveying eye, are the marks of him. Now and Romans should do for a general after his death, then you see a gentleman with all these accomplish- “ Take Marius." Marius was then a very boy, and ments; but, alas, any one of them is enough to had given po instances of his valour; but it was undo thousands : when a gentleman with such per- visible to Scipio, from the manners of the youth, fections adds to it suitable learning, there should be that he had a soul for the attempt and execution of public warning of his residence in town, that we great undertakings. I must confess I have very may remove our wives and daughters. It happens often with much sorrow, bewailed the misfortune of sometimes that such a fine man has read all the mis- the children of Great Britain, when I consider the cellany poems, a few of our comedies, and has the ignorance and undiscerning of the generality of translation of Ovid's Epistles by heart. “ Oh if it schoolmasters. The boasted liberty we talk of, is were possible that such a one could be as true as he but a mean reward for the long servitude, the many is charming! but that is too much, the women will heart-aches and terrors, to which our childhood is share such a dear false man : a little gallantry to exposed in going through a grammar-school. Many hear him talk one would indulge one's self in, let of these stupid tyrants exercise their cruelty withhim reckon the sticks of one's fan, say something out any manner of distinction of the capacities of of the Cupids in it; and they call one so many children, or the intention of parents in their behalf. soft names which a man of his learning has at his There are many excellent tempers which are worthy fingers' ends. There sure is some excuse for frailty, to be nourished and cultivated with all possible diliwhen attacked by such force against a weak woman." gence and care, that were never designed to be acSuch is the soliloquy of many a lady one might quainted with Aristotle, Tully, or Virgil; and there name, at the sight of one of those who makes it no are as many who have capacities for understanding iniquity to go on from day to day in the sin of every word those great persons have writ, and yet woman-slaughter.
were not born to have any relish of their writings. It is certain that people are got into a way of For want of this common and obvious discerning in affectation, with a manner of overlooking the most those who have the care of youth, we have so many solid virtues, and admiring the most trivial excel- hundred unaccountable creatures every age whipped lences. The woman is so far from expecting to be up into great scholars, that are for ever near a right contemned for being a very injudicious silly animal, understanding, and will never arrive at it. These that while she can preserve her features and her are the scandal of letters, and these are generally mien, she knows she is still the object of desire; and the men who are to teach others. The sepse of there is a sort of secret ambition, from reading frivo- shame and honour is enough to keep the world itlous books, and keeping as frivolous company, each self in order without corporal punishment, much side to be amiable in perfection, and arrive at the more to train the minds of uncorrupted and indocharacters of the Dear Deceiver and the Perjured cent children. It happens, I doubt not, more than Fair.-T.
once in a year, that a lad is chastised for a block
head, when it is good apprehension that makes him No. 157.) THURSDAY, AUGUST 30, 1711.
incapable of knowing what his teacher ineans. A
brisk imagination very often may suggest an error, Genius, natale comes qui temperat astrum,
which a lad could not have fallen into, if he had
been as heavy in conjecturing as his master in exQuodque caput -Hor. 2 Ep. ii. 187.
plaining. But there is no mercy even towards a
wrong interpretation of his meaning; the sufferings -That directing pow'r,
of the scholar's body are to rectify the mistakes of Who forms the genius in the natal hour:
bis mind. That God of nature, who, within us still,
I am confident that no boy, who will not be allured Inclines our action, not constrains our will.-POPE,
to letters without blows, will ever be brought to any I am very much at a loss to express by any word thing with them. A great or good mind must nethat occurs to me in our language, that which is cessarily be the worse for such indignities; and it understood by indoles in Latin. The natural dispo- is a sad change, to lose of its virtue for the improve sition to any particular art, science, profession, or ment of its knowledge. No one who has gone trade, is very much to be consulted in the care of through what they call a great school, but must reyouth, and studied by men for their own conduct member to have seen children of excellent and inwhen they form to themselves any scheme of life. genuous natures (as has afterward appeared in their It is wonderfully hard, indeed, for a man to judge of manbood): I say no man has passed through this his own capacity impartially. That may look great way of education but must have seen an ingenuous to me which may appear little to another; and I creature, expiring with shame-with pale looks, bemay be carried by fondness towards myself so far, seeching sorrow, and silent tears, throw up its honest as to attempt things too high for my talents and ac- eyes, and kneel on its tender knees to an inexorable complishments. But it is not, methinks, so very blockhead to be forgiven the false quantity of a word difficult a matter to make a judgment of the abili- in making a Latin verse. The child is punished, ties of others, especially of those who are in their and the next day he commits a like crime, and so a infancy. My common-place book directs me on third with the same consequence, I would fain ask this occasion to mention the dawning of greatness any reasonable man, whether this lad, in the simin Alexander, who being asked in his youth to con. plicity of his native innocence, full of shame, and tend for a prize in the Olympic games, answered he capable of any impression from that grace of soul,
Naturæ Deus humanæ mortalis in unum