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per again, and then aloud, “ But you know that per- silent; and let all such' women as are in a clan or son;" then whisper again. The thing would be sisterhood, go their own way; there is no room for well enough, if they whispered to keep the folly of you in that company who are of the common taste what they say among friends; but, alas, they do it of the sex. to preserve the importance of their thoughts. I am

" For women born to be controll'd sure I could name you more than one person whom

Stoop to the forward and the bold; no man living ever heard talk upon any subject in

Affect the haughty and the proud,

The gay, the frotic, and the loud. *** nature, or ever saw in his whole life with a book in

T. his hand, that, I know not how, can whisper something like knowledge of what has and does pass in the world ; which you would think he learned from

No. 149.1 TUESDAY, AUGUST 21, 1711. some familiar spirit that did not think him worthy to receive the whole story. But in truth whisperers

Cui in manu sit quem esse dementem velit,

Quem sapere, quem sanari, quem in morbum injici, deal only in half accounts of what they entertain

Quem contra amari, quem accersiri, quem expeti. you with. A great help to their discourse is, “That

Cæcil apud TULL the town says, and people begin to talk very freely, Who has it in her pow'r to make men mad, and they had it from persons too considerable to be

Or wise, or sick, or well: and who can choose

The object of her appetite at pleasure. named, what they will tell you when things are riper.” My friend has winked upon me any day The following letter, and my answer, shall take since I came to town last, and has communicated to up the present speculation : me as a secret, that he designed in a very short time

“Mr. SPECTATOR, to tell me a secret; but I shall know what he means, he now assures me, in less than a fortnight's time. “I am the young widow of a country gentleman,

But I must not omit the dearer part of mankind, who has left me entire mistress of a large fortune, I mean the ladies, to take up a whole paper upon which he agreed to as an equivalent for the difference grievances which concern the men only; but shall in our years. In these circumstances it is not extrahumbly propose, that we change fools for an experi- ordinary to have a crowd of admirers ; which I have ment only. A certain set of ladies complain they abridged in my own thoughts, and reduced to a are frequently perplexed with a visitant, who affects couple of candidates only, both young, and neither to be wiser than they are; which character he hopes of them disagreeable in their persons : according to to preserve by an obstinate gravity, and great guard the common way of computing, in one the estate against discovering his opinion upon any occasion more than deserves my fortuue, in the other my forwhatsoever. A painful silence has hitherto gained tune more than deserves the estate. When I conhim no farther advantage, than that as he might, if sider the first, I own I am so far a woman I cannot he had behaved himself with freedom, been excepted avoid being delighted with the thoughts of living against but as to this and that particular, he now great; but then he seems to receive such a degree offends in the whole. To relieve these ladies, my of courage from the knowledge of what he has, good friends and correspondents, I shall exchange he looks as if he was going to confer an obligation my dancing outlaw for their dumb visitant, and on me; and the readiness he accosts me with, makes assign the silent gentleman all the haunts of the me jealous I am only hearing a repetition of the dancer; in order to which, I have sent them by the same things he has said to a hundred women before. penny-post the following letters for their conduct in When I consider the other, I see myself approached their new conversations :

with so much modesty and respect, and such a doubt

of himself, as betrays, methinks, an affection within, I have, you may be sure, heard of your irregu- and a belief at the same time that he himself would larities without regard to my observations upon you;

be the only gainer by my consent. What an unexbat shall not treat you with so much rigour as you ceptionable husband could I make out of both!

but deserve. If you will give yourself the trouble to since that is impossible, I beg to be concluded by repair to the place mentioned in the postcript* to your opinion. It is absolutely in your power to this letter at seven this evening, you will be con- dispose of ducted into a spacious room well-lighted, where there

“ Your most obedient servant, are ladies and music. You will see a young lady

“ Sylvia." laughing next the window to the street'; you may

“ MADAM, take her out, for she loves you as well as she does “ You do me great honour in your application to any man, though she never saw you before. She me on this important occasion; I shall therefore never thought in her life, any more than yourself. talk to you with the tenderness of a father, in gratiShe will not be surprised when you accost her, nor tude for your giving me the authority of one. You concerned when you leave her. Hasten from a do not seem to make any great distinction between place where you are laughed at, to one where you these gentlemen as to their persons; the whole queswill be admired. You are of no consequence, there- tion lies upon their circumstances and behaviour, fore go where you will be welcome for being so. If the one is less respectful because he is rich, and “ Your humble servant." the other more obsequious because he is not so, they

are in that point moved by the same principle, the "The ladies whom you visit, think a wise man consideration of fortune, and you must place them the most impertinent creature living, therefore you in each other's circumstances before you can judge cannot be offended that they are displeased with you. of their inclination. To avoid confusion in discussWhy will you take pains to appear wise, where you ing this point, I will call the richer man Strephon, would not be the more esteemed for being really so? and the other Florio. If you believe Florio with come to us ; forget the gigglers; let your inclina. Strephon's estate would behave himself as he does tion go along with you whether you speak or are now, Florio is certainly your man; but if you think • No postcript in the Spect, in f.

• Waller

“SIR,

« Sir,

Strephon, were he in Florio's condition, would be as What an unexceptionable husband could I make obsequious as Florio is now, you ought for your own out of both! It would therefore, methinks, be a sake to choose Strephon; for where the men are good way to determine yourself. Take him in whom equal, there is no doubt riches ought to be a reason what you like is not transferable to another; for if for preference. After this manner, my dear child, you choose otherwise, there is no hopes your husband I would have you abstract them from their circum. will ever have what you liked in bis rival; but instances; for you are to take it for granted, that he trinsic qualities in one man may very probably purwho is very humble only because he is poor, is the chase every thing that is adventitious in another. very same man in nature, with him who is baughty In plainer terms; he whom you take for his perbecause he is rich.

sonal perfections will sooner arrive at the gifts of “ When you have gone thus far, as to consider fortune, than he whom you take for the sake of his the figure they make towards you; you will please, fortune attain to personal perfections. If Strephon my dear, next to consider the appearance you make is not as accomplished and agreeable as Florio, martowards them. If they are men of discerning, they riage to you will never make him so; but marriage to can observe the motives of your heart: and Florio you may make Florio as rich as Strepbon. There can see when he is disregarded only upon account fore to make a sure purchase, employ fortune upon of fortune, which makes you to him a mereenary certainties, but do not sacrifice certainties to fortune. creature; and you are still the same thing to Stre.

“ I am, your most obedient, phon, in taking him for his wealth only; you are T.

humble servant." therefore to consider whether you had rather oblige, than receive an obligation.

“ The marriage-life is always an insipid, a vex- No. 150.] WEDNESDAY, AUGUST 22, 1711. atious, or a happy condition. The first is, when two

Nil habet infelix paupertas durius in se people of no genius or taste for themselves meet

Quam quod ridiculos homines facittogether, upon such a settlement as has been thought

Juy. Sat. vL 152 reasonable by parents and conveyancers from an Want is the scorn of every wealthy fool, exact valuation of the land and cash of both parties.

And wit in rags is turn d io ridicule.-DRYDEN. In this case the young lady's person is no more re- As I was walking in my chamber the morning garded than the house and improvements in pur. before I went last into the country, I heard the bawk. chase of an estate ; but she goes with her fortune, ers with great vehemence crying about a paper, rather than her fortune with her. These make up entitled, The Ninety-nine Plagues of an Empty the crowd or vulgar of the rich, and fill up the lum- Purse. I had indeed some time before observed, ber of the human race, without beneficence towards that the orators of Grub-street had dealt very much those below them, or respect towards those above in plagues. They have already published in the them; and lead a despicable, independent, and use- same month, The Plagues of Matrimony, The less life, without sense of the laws of kindness, Plagues of a single life, The Nineteen Plagues of good-nature, mutual offices, and the elegant satis- a Chambermaid, The Plagues of a Coachman, The factions which flow from reason and virtue.

Plagues of a Footman, and The Plague of Plaguer. “ The vexatious life arises from a conjunction of The success these several plagues met with, probably two people of quick taste and resentment, put toge gave occasion to the above-mentioned poem on an ther for reasons well known to their friends, in which empty purse. However that be, the same noise so especial care is taken to avoid (what they think the frequently repeated under my winduw, drew me inchief of evils) poverty, and ensure to them riches, sensibly to think on some of those inconveniences with every evil besides. These good people live in and mortifications which usually attend on poverty, a constant constraint before company, and too great and, in short, gave birth to the present speculation; familiarity alone. When they are within observa- for after my fancy had run over the most obvious tion, they fret at each other's carriage and behaviour; and common calamities which men of mean fortunes when alone, they revile each other's person and are liable to, it descended to those little insults and conduct. In company they are in a purgatory, when contempts which, though they may seem to dwindle

a only together in a hell,

into nothing when a man offers to describe thein, • The happy marriage is, where two persons meet are perbaps in themselves more cutting and insup. and voluntarily make choice of each other without portable than the former. Juvenal with a great deal principally regarding or neglecting the circumstances of humour and reason tells us, that nothing bore of fortune or beauty. These may still love in harder upon a poor man in his time, than the conspite of adversity or sickness: the former we may tinual ridicule which bis habit and dress afforded to in some measure defend ourselves from, the other is the beans of Rome : , the portion of our very make. When you have a

Quid, quod materiam præbet causasque jocorum true notion of this sort of passion, your humour of

Omnibus hic idem; si fæda et scissa lacerna, living great will vanish out of your imagination, Si toga sordidula est, et rupta calceus altes and you will find love has nothing to do with state. Pelle patet, vel si consuto vulnere crassum Solitude, with the person beloved, has a pleasure,

Atque recens linum ostendit non una cicatrix.

Juv. Sat. ii. 147. even in a woman's mind, beyond show or pomp.

Add that the rich have stíll á gibe in store, You are therefore to consider which of your lovers And will be monstrous witty on the poor ; will like you best undressed, which will bear with you most when out of humour; and your way to

The wretch and all his wardrobe are a jest; this is to ask of yourself, which of them you value

The greasy gown sully'd with often turning,

Gives a good hint to say the man's in mourning : most for his own sake ? and by that judge which Or if the shoe be ript, or patch is put, gives the greater instances of his valuing you for He's wounded, see the plaster on his foot.—DRYDEN. yourself only.

It is on this occasion that he afterwards adds the “ After you have expressed some sense of the reflection which I have chosen for my niotto. humble approach of Florio, and a little disdain at Want is the scorn of every wealthy fool, Strephòn's assurance in his address, you cry out, And wit in rags is tum'd to ridicule.---DRYDIN.

For the torn surtout and the tatter'd vest,

It must be confessert that few things make a man coffee-house near the Temple. I had not been there appear more despicable, or more prejudice his hear long when there came in an elderly man very meanly ers against what he is going to offer, thar an awk-dressed, and sat down by me; he had a thread-bare ward or pitiful dress; insomuch that, I fancy, had loose coat on, which it was plain he wore to keep Tully himself pronounced one of his orations with himself warm, and not to favour his under suit, a blanket about his shoulders, more people would which seemed to have been at least its contempohave laughed at his dress than have admired his elo- rary; his short wig and hat were both answerable quence. This last reflection made me wonder at'a to the rest of his apparel. He was no sooner seated set of men, who, without being subjected to it by the than he called for a dish of tea; but as several genunkindness of their fortunes, are contented to draw tlemen in the room wanted other things, the boys of upon themselves the ridicule of the world in this par. the house did not think themselves at leisure to ticular. I mean such as take it into their heads, mind him. I could observe the old fellow was very that the first regular step to be a wit is to commence uneasy at the affront, and at his being obliged to a sloven. It is certain nothing has so much debased repeat his commands several times to no purpose ; that wbich must have been otherwise so great a cha- until at last one of the lads presented him with some racter; and I know not how to account for it, unless stale tea in a broken dish, accompanied with a plate it may possibly be in complaisance to those narrow of brown sugar; which so raised his indignation, minds who can have no notion of the same persons that after several obliging appellations of dog and possessing different accomplishments; or that it is rascal, he asked him aloud before the whole coma sort of sacrifice which some men are contented to pany, “why he must be used with less respect than make to calumny, by allowing it to fasten on one that fop there?" pointing to a well-dressed young part of their character, while they are endeavouring gentleman who was drinking tea at the opposite to establish another.

table. The boy of the house replied with a good Yet however unaccountable this foolish custom is, deal of pertness, “that his master had two sorts of I am afraid it could plead a long prescription ; and customers, and that the gentleman at the other table probably gave too much occasion for the vulgar had given him many a sixpence for wiping his definition still remaining among us of a heathen shoes.” By this time the young Templar, who philosopher.

found his honour concerned in the dispute, and that I have seen the speed of a Terra fikus, saken the eyes of the whole coffee-house were upon him, in King Charles the Second's reign; in which he had thrown aside a paper he bad in his hand; and deseribes two very eminent men, who were perhaps was coming towards us, while we at the table made the greatest scholars of their age; and after having what haste we conld to get away from the impending mentioned the entire friendship between them, con- quarrel, but were all of us surprised to see him as eludes that, “they had but one mind, one purse, he approached nearer put on an air of deference and one chamber, and one hat.” The men of business respect. To whom the old man said, "Hark you, were also infected with a sort of singularity little sirrah, I will pay off your extravagant bills once better than this. I have heard my father say, that more, but will take effectual care for the future, that a broad-brimmed hat, short hair, and unfolded hand- your prodigality shall not spirit up a parcel of ras. kerchief, were in his time absolutely necessary to cals to insult your father." denote a “notable man;" and that he had known Though I by no means approve either the imputwo or three, who aspired to the character of "very dence of the servants or the extravagance of the son, notable," wear shoe-strings with great success. I cannot but think the old gentleman was in some

To the honour of our present age, it must be measure justly served for walking in masquerade, allowed, that some of our greatest geniuses for wit I mean in appearing in a dress so much beneath bis and business have almost entirely broken the neck of quality and estate.-X. these absurdities.

Victor, after having dispatched the most important affairs of the commonwealth, has appeared at No. 151.) THURSDAY, AUGUST 23, 1711. an assembly, where all the ladies have declared him Maximas virtutes jacere omnes necesse est voluptate domithe genteelest man in the company; and in Atti-nante.-Tull. de Fin. cus,* though every way one of the greatest geniuses Where pleasure prevails, all the greatest virtues will lose the age has produced, one sees nothing particular their power. in his dress or carriage to denote his pretensions to I KNOW no one character that gives reason a wit and learning: so that at present a man may greater shock, at the same time that it presents a venture to cock up his hat, and wear a fashionable good ridiculous image to the imagination, than that wig, without being taken for a rake or a fool. of a man of wit and pleasure about the town. This

The medium between a fop and a sloven is what description of a man of fashion, spoken by some a man of sense would endeavour to keep; yet I re- with a mixture of scorn and ridicule, by others with member Mr. Osborn advises his son to appear in his great gravity as a laudable distinction, is in every habit rather above than below his fortune ; and tells body's mouth that spends any time in conversation. him that he will find a handsome suit of clothes My friend Will Honeycomb has this expression very always procures some additional respect. I have frequently; and I never could understand by the indeed myself observed that my banker ever bows story which follows upon his mention of such a one, lowest to me when I wear my full-bottomed wig; and but that his man of wit and pleasure was either a writes me “Mr.” or “ Esq.” according as he sees drunkard too old for weaching, or a young lewd felme dressed.

low with some liveliness, who would converse with I shall conclude this paper with an adventure you, receive kind offices of you, and at the same bich I was myself an eye-witness of very lately.. time debauch your sister, or lie with your wife. Acnappened the other day to call in at a celebrated cording to this description, a man of wit, when he

could have wenches for crowns apiece which he Probably Mr. Addison

liked quite as well, would be so extravagant as to 1 Advice to a Son by Francis Osborn, Esq. part 1 sect 2. bribe servants, make false friendships, fight rela

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tions; I say, according to him, plain and simple plauses; but, on the other side, consider the old age vice was too little for a man of wit and pleasure; of those who have passed their days in labour, inbut he would leave an easy and accessible wicked dustry, and virtue; their decays make them but ap, Dess, to come at the same thing with only the addi- pear the more venerable, and the imperfections of tion of certain falsehood and possible murder. Will their bodies are beheld as a misfortune to human thinks the town grown very dull, in that we do not society that their make is so little durable. hear so much as we used to do of these coxcombs, But to return more directly to my man of wit and whom (without observing it) he describes as the pleasure. In all orders of men, wherever this is the most infamous rogues in nature, with relation to chief character, the person who wears it is a neglifriendship, love, or conversation.

gent friend, father, and husband, and entails poverty When pleasure is made the chief pursuit of life, on bis unhappy decendants. Mortgages, diseases, it will necessarily follow that such monsters as these and settlements, are the legacies a man of wit and will arise from a constant application to such bland- pleasure leaves to his family. All the poor rogues ishments as naturally root out the force of reason that make such lamentable speeches after every ses and reflection, and substitute in their place a gene-sions at Tyburn, were, in their way, men of wit and ral impatience of thought, and a constant pruriency pleasure before they fell into the adventures wbiche of inordinate desire.

brought them thither. Pleasure, when it is a man's chief purpose, disap- Irresolution and procrastination in all a man's afpoints itself; and the constant application to it palls fairs, are the natural effects of being addicted to the faculty of enjoying it, though it leaves the sense pleasure. Dishonour to the gentleman, and bank. of our inability for that we wish, with a disrelish of ruptcy to the trader, are the portion of either whose every thing else. Thus the intermediate seasons of chief purpose of life is delight. The chief cause that the man of pleasure are more heavy than one would this pursuit has been in all ages received with so impose upon the vilest criminal. "Take him when much quarter from the soberer part of mankind, has he is awaked too soon after a debauch, or disap- been, that some men of great talents have sacrificed pointed in following a worthless woman without themselves to it. The shining qualities of such truth, and there is no man living whose being is people have given a beauty to whatever they were such a weight of vexation as his is. He is an utter engaged in, and a mixture of wit has recommended stranger to the pleasing reflections in the evening of madness. For let any man who knows what it is to a well-spent day, or the gladness of heart or quick- bave passed much time in a series of jollity, mirth, Dess of spirit in the morning after profound sleep or wit, or humorous entertainments, look back at what indolent slumbers. He is not to be at ease any longer he was all that while a-doing, and he will find that than he can keep reason and good sense without his he has been at one instant sharp to some man he is curtains; otherwise be will be haunted with the re- sorry to have offended, impertinent to some one it flection, that he could not believe such a one the was cruelty to treat with such freedom, ungracefully woman that upon trial he found her. What has he noisy at such a time, unskilfully open at such a time, got by his conquest, but to think meanly of her for unmercifully calumnious at such a time ; and, from whom a day or two before he had the highest honour ? the whole course of his applauded satisfactions, un And of himself for perbaps wronging the man whom able in the end to recollect any circumstance sbich of all men living he himself would least willingly can add to the enjoyment of his own mind alone, or have injured ?

which he would put his character upon with other Pleasure seizes the whole man who addicts him-men. Thus it is with those who are best made for self to it, and will not give him leisure for any good becoming pleasures; but how monstrous is it in the office in life which contradicts the gaiety of the pre- generality of mankind who pretend this way, without sent bour. You may indeed observe in people of genius or inclination towards it! The scene, then, pleasure a certain complacency and absence of all is wild to an extravagance: this is, as if fools should severity, which the habit of a loose unconcerned life mimic madmen. Pleasure of this kind is the intemgives them ; but tell the man of pleasure your secret perate meals and loud jollities of the common rate of wants, cares, or sorrows, and you will find that he country gentlemen, whose practice and way of enjoyhas given up the delicacy of bis passions to the crav- ment is to put an end, as fast as they can, to ibai ings of his appetites. He little knows the perfect little particle of reason they have when they are joy, he loses, for the disappointing gratifications sober. These men of wit and pleasure dispatch their which he pursues. He looks at Pleasure as she ap- senses as fast as possible, by drinking until they proaches, and comes to him with the recommenda- cannot taste, smoking until they cannot see, and tion of warm wishes, gay looks, and graceful motion ; roaring until they cannot hear.-T. but he does not observe how she leaves his presence with disorder, impotence, downcast shame, and conscious imperfection. She makes our youth inglo

No. 152.) FRIDAY, AUGUST 24, 1711. rious, our age shameful.

Like leaves on trees the race of man is found -Popr's Hox Will Honeycomb gives us twenty intimations in There is no sort of people whose conversation an evening of several bags whose bloom was given is so pleasant as that of military men, who derive up to his arms; and would raise a value to himself their courage and magnanimity from thought and for having had, as the phrase is, “very good women.” reflection. The many adreptures which attend their Will's good women are the comfort of his heart, and way of life makes their conversation so full of inci. support him, I warrant, by the memory of past in- dents, and gives them so frank an air in speaking terviews with persons of their condition! No, there of what they have been witnesses of that no come is not in the world an occasion wherein vice makes pany can be more amiable than that of men of sense so fantastical a figure, as at the meeting of two old who are soldiers. There is a certain irregular way people who have been partners in unwarrantable in their narrations or discourse, which has something pleasure. To tell a toothless old lady that she once inoie warm and pleasing than we meet with among had a good set, or a defunct wencher that he was the men who are used to adjust and methodize their admired thing of the town, are satires instead of ap- I thoughts.

I was this evening walking in the fields with my always with contempt and raillery), and in the friend Captain Sentry, and I could not, from the beginning of the action received a wound he was many relations which I drew him into of what passed sensible was mortal ; his reflection on this occasion when he was in the service, forbear expressing my was, ' I wish I could live another hour, to see how this wonder, that the “fear of death," which we, the rest blundering coxcomb will get clear of this business. of mankind, arm ourselves against with so much “I remember two young fellows who rid in the contempiation, reason, and philosophy, should ap- same squadron of a troop of horse, who were ever pear so little in camps, that common men march together; they ate, they drank, they intrigued; in into open breaches, meet opposite battalions, not a word, all their passions and affections seemed to only without reluctance, but with alacrity. My tend the same way, and they appeared serviceable friend answered what I said in the following man. to each other in them. We were in the dusk of the ner: “ What you wonder at may very naturally be evening to march over a river, and the troop these the subject of admiration to all who are not convers. gentlemen belonged to were to be transported in a ant in camps ; but when a man has spent some time ferry-boat, as fast as they could. One of the friends in that way of life, he observes a certain mechanic was now in the boat, while the other was drawn up courage which the ordinary race of men become with others by the water-side, waiting the return of masters of from acting always in a crowd. They the boat. A disorder happened in the passage by see indeed many drop, but then they see many more an unruly horse; and a gentleman who had the ahve; they observe themselves escape very narrowly, rein of his horse negligently under his arın, was and they do not know why they should not again. forced into the water by his horse's jumping over. Besides which general way of loose thinking, they The friend on the shore cried out, Who is that usually spend the other part of their time in plea- is drowned, trow ?? He was immediately answered, sures upon which their minds are so entirely bent, Your friend Harry Thompson. He very gravely that short labours or dangers are but a cheap pur- replied; ' Ay, he had a mad horse.' This short epichase of jollity, triumph, victory, fresh quarters, thet from such a familiar, without more words, gave Dew scenes, and uncommon adventures. Such are me, at that time under twenty, a very moderate the thoughts of the executive part of an army, and opinion of the friendship of companions. Thus is iudeed of the gross of mankind in general; but none affection and every other motive of life in the geneof these men of mechanical courage have ever made rality rooted out by the present busy scene about any great figure in the profession of arms. Those them; they lament no man whose capacity can be who are formed for command, are such as have supplied by another; and where men converse withreasoned themselves, out of a consideration of greater out delicacy, the next man you meet will serve as good than length of days, into such a negligence of well as he whom you have lived with half your life. their being, as to make it their first position, that it To such the devastation of countries, the misery is one day to be resigned ;-and since it is, in the of inhabitants, the cries of the pillaged, and the prosecution of worthy actions and service of man- silent sorrow of the great unfortunate, are ordinary kind, they can put it to habitual hazard. The event objects; their minds are bent upon the little gratifiof our designs, say they, as it relates to others, is cations of their own senses and appetites, forgetful uncertain; but as it relates to ourselves it must be of compassion, insensible of glory, avoiding only prosperous, while we are in the pursuit of our duty, shame; their whole hearts taken up with the trivial and within the terms upon which Providence has hope of meeting and being merry. These are the ensured our happiness, whether we die or live. All people who make up the gross of the soldiery. But that nature has prescribed must be good; and as the fine gentleman in that band of men is such a death is near to us, it is absurdity to fear it. Fear one as I have now in my eye, who is foremost in all leses its purpose when we are sure it cannot pre-danger to which he is ordered. His officers are his serve us, and we should draw resolution to meet it friends and companions, as they are men of honour from the impossibility to escape it. Without a resig- and gentlemen; the private men his brethren, as Bation to the necessity of dying, there can be no they are of his species. He is beloved of all that capacity in man to attempt any thing that is glori- hebold him. They wish him in danger as he views ous: but when they have once attained to that per- their ranks, that they may have occasions to save fection, the pleasures of a life spent in martial ad. him at their own hazard. Mutual love is the order ventures are as great as any of which the human of the files where he commands; every man afraid tind is capable. The force of reason gives a certain for himself and his neighbour, not lest their combeauty mixed with conscience of well-doing and mander should punish them, but lest he should be thirst of glory to all which before was terrible and offended. Such is his regiment who knows mankind, ghastly to the imagination. Add to this, that the and feels their distresses so far as to prevent them. fellowship of danger, the common good of mankind, Just in distributing what is their due, he would think the general cause, and the manifest virtue you may himself below their tailor to wear a snip of their observe in so many men who made no figure until clothes in lace upon his own; and below the most that day, are so many incentives to destroy the little rapacious agent should he enjoy a farthing above his consideration of their own persons. Such are the own pay. Go on, brave man ! immortal glory is thy heroic part of soldiers, who are qualified for leaders. fortune, and immortal happiness thy reward."-T. As to the rest whom I before spoke of, I know not how it is, but they arrive at a certain habit of being No. 153.] SATURDAY, AUGUST 25, 1711. void of thought, insomuch that on occasion of the

Habet natura ut aliarum omnium rerum sic vivendi modum, most imminent danger they are still in the same in- senectus autem peractio ætatis est tanquam fabulæ. Cujus dedifference. Nay, I remember an instance of a gay fatigationem fugere debemus, præsertim adjuncta satietate. Frenchman, who was led op in battle by a superior officer (whose conduct it was his custom to speak of Life, as well as all other things, hath its bounds assigüed by

nature ; and its conclusion, like the last act of a play, is old The Frenchman here alluded to was the Chevalier de age, the fatigue of which we ought to shun, especially when Flourilles, a lieutenant-general under the Prince of Conde, at

our appetites are fully satisfied. the battle of Senell, in 1674.

Of all the impertinent wishes whicb we hear ex

CULL. de Senect.

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