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Patere honoris scirent ut cunctis viam.
for the whole year, where I saw with a great deal of There is another circumstance in which my friend pleasure Archbishop Tillotson, Bishop Saunderson, excels in his management, which is the manner of Dr. Barrow, Dr. Calamy, with several living authors rewarding his servants. He has ever been of opinion, who have published discourses of practical divinity, that giving his cast clothes to be worn by valets has I no sooner saw this venerable man in the pulpit
, a very ill effect upon little minds, and creates a silly but I very much approved of my friend's insisting sense of equality between the parties, in persons upon the qualifications of a good aspect and a clear affected only with outward things. I have heard him voice ; for I was so charmed with the gracefulness often pleasant on this occasion, and describe a young of his figure and delivery, as well as with the dis- gentleman abusing his man in that coat, which a courses he pronounced, that I think I never passed month or two before was the most pleasing distinction any time more to my satisfaction. A sermon re he was conscious of in himself. He would turn bis peated after this manner, is like the composition of discourse still more pleasantly upon the bounties of a poet in the mouth of a graceful actor.
the ladies in this kind; and I have heard him say I could heartily wish that more of our country he knew a fine woman, who distributed rewards and clergy would follow this example ; and instead of punishments in giving becoming or unbecoming wasting their spirits in laborious compositions of dresses to her maids. their own, would endeavour after a handsome elocu. But my good friend is above these little instances tion, and all those other talents that are proper to of good-will, in bestowing only trifles on his serp. enforce what has been penned by great masters. ants: a good servant to him is sure of having it in This would not only be more easy to themselves, his choice very soon of being no servant at all. As but more edifying to the people.-L.
I before observed, he is so good a husband, and knows so thoroughly that the skill of the purse is the
cardinal virtue of this life; I say he knows so well No. 107.) TUESDAY, JULY 3, 1711. that frugality is the support of generosity, that he Æsopo ingentem statuam posuere Attici,
can often spare a large fine when a tenement falls, Servumque collocarunt æterna in basi,
and give that settlement to a good servant who has
a mind to go into the world, or make a stranger pay
PRÆDR. Epilog. 1. 2. the fine to that servant for his more comfortable The Athenians erected a large statue to Æsop, and placed maintenance, if he stays in his service. him, though a slave, on a lasting pedestal : to show, that the
A man of honour and generosity considers it way to honour lies open indifferently to all.
would be miserable to himself to have no will but The reception, manner of attendance, undisturbed that of another, though it were of the best person freedom and quiet, which I meet with here in the breathing, and, for that reason, goes on as fast as he country, has confirmed me in the opinion I always is able to put his servants into independent livelihad, that the general corruption of manners in serv- hoods. The greatest part of Sir Roger's estate is ants is owing to the conduct of masters. The as-tenanted by persons who have served himself or his pect of every one in the family carries so much satis
It was to me extremely pleasant to obfaction, that it appears he knows the happy lot which serve the visitants from several parts to welcome bis has befallen him in being a member of it. There arrival into the country: and all the difference that is one particular which I have seldom scen but at I could take notice of between the late servants who Sir Roger's; it is usual in all other places, that serv. came to see him, and those who stayed in the family ants fly from the parts of the house through which was, that these latter were looked upon as finer gentheir master is passing; on the contrary, here they tlemen and better courtiers. industriously place themselves in his way; and it is This manumission and placing them in a way o. on both sides, as it were, understood as a visit, when livelihood, I look upon as only what is due to a good the servants appear without calling. This proceeds servant; which encouragement will make his sucfrom the humane and equal temper of the man of|cessor be as diligent, as humble, and as ready as he the house, who also perfectly well knows how to was. There is something wonderful in the narrowenjoy a great estate with such economy as ever to ness of those minds which can be pleased, and be be much beforehand. This makes his own mind barren of bounty to those who please them. untroubled, and consequently unapt to vent peevish One might, on this occasion, recount the sense expressions, or give passionate or inconsistent orders thai great persons in all ages have had of the merit to those about him. Thus respect and love go to- of their dependants, and the heroic services which gether; and a certain cheerfulness in performance men have done their masters in the extremity o. of their duty is the particular distinction of the lower their fortunes, and shown to their undone patrons part of this family. When a servant is called be that fortune was all the difference between them; fore his master, he does not come with an expecta- but as I design this my speculation only as a gentle tion to hear himself rated for some trivial fault, admonition to thankless masters, I shall not go out threatened io be stripped, or used with any other of the occurrences of common life, but assert it as a unbecoming language, which mean masters often general observation, that I never saw, but in Sir give to worthy servants; but it is often to know, Roger's family and one or two more, good servants what road he took that be came so readily back ac. treated as they ought to be. Sir Roger's kindness cording to order : whether he passed by such a extends to their children's children; and this very ground; if the old man who rents it is in good health; morning he sent his coachmau's grandson to prenor whether he gave Sir Roger's love to him, or tice. I shall conclude this paper with an account the like.
a picture in his gallery, where there are many which A man who preserves a respect founded on his be will deserve my future observation. pevolence to his dependants, lives rather like a At the very upper end of this handsome structure prince than a master in his family: his orders are I saw the portraiture of two yo ing men standing in received as favours rather than duties; and the disa river, the one naked, the other in a livery. The tinction of approaching him is part of the reward person supported seemed half dead, but still so much for executing what is commanded by him.
alive as to show in his face exquisite joy and love
tosan's the other. I thought the fainting figure re- of friends that live perhaps in the opposite sides of Seubled my friend Sir Roger; and looking at the the country. Will is a particular favourite of all butler who stood by me, for an account of it, he in- the young heirs, whom he frequently obliges with a turned me that the person in the livery was a serv- net that he has weaved, or a setting-dog that he has ant of Sir Roger's, who stood on the shore while made himself. He now and then presents a pair of his master was swimming, and observing him taken garters of his own knitting to their mothers and siswith some sudden iliness and sink under water, ters; and raises a great deal of mirth among them, jamped in and saved him. He told me Sir Roger by inquiring as often as he meets them “ how they took off the dress he was in as soon as he came wear !” These gentleman-like manufactures and home, and by a great bounty at that time, followed obliging little humours, make Will the darling of by his favour ever since, had made him master of the country. that pretty seat which we saw at a distance as we Sir Roger was proceeding in the character of him, came to this house. I remembered, indeed, Sir when he saw him make up to us with two or three Rnger said, there lived a very worthy gentleman, to hazle twigs in his hand that he had cut in sir whom he was highly obliged, without mentioning any Roger's woods, as he came through them in his way thing farther. Upon my looking a little dissatistied to the house. I was very much pleased to observe at some part of the picture, my attendant informed on one side the hearty and sincere welcome with ne that it was against Sir Roger's will, and at the which Sir Roger received him, and on the other, the earnest request of the gentleman himself, that he secret joy which his guest discovered at the sight of was drawn in the habit in which he had saved his the good old knight. After the first salutes were
R. over, Will desired Sir Roger to lend him one of his
servants to carry a set of shuttle-cocks he had with
him in a little box, to a lady that lived about a mile No. 108.1 WEDNESDAY, JULY 4, 1711. off, to whom it seems he had promised such a present Gratis anhelans, multa agendo nihil agens.---PaxDr. Fab. v. 2.
for above this half-year. Sir Roger's back was no
sooner turned, but honest Will began to tell me of a Out of breath to no purpose, and very busy about nothing.
large cock pheasant that he had sprung in one of As I was yesterday morning walking with Sir the neighbouring woods, with two or three other adRoger before his house, a country fellow brought him ventures of the same nature. Odd and uncommon a huge fish, which, he told him, Mr. William Wim- characters are the game that I look for and most de. ble* bal caught that very morning; and that he light in; for which reason I was as much pleased presented it with his service to him, and intended to with the novelty of the person that talked to me, as come and dine with him. At the same time he de- he could be for his life with the springing of a phealivered a letter, which my friend read to me as soon sant, and therefore listened to him with more than as the messenger leit him.
ordinary attention. * Sik Roger,
In the midst of his discourse the bell rang to din. ** I desire you to accept of a jack, which is the best ner, where the gentleman I have been speaking of I have caught this season. I intend to come and had the pleasure of seeing the huge jack he had stay with you a week, and see how the perch bite in caught served up for the first dish in a most sumpthe Black river. I observed with some concern, the tuous manner. Upon our sitting down to it he gave last time I saw you upon the bowling-green, that us a long account how he had hooked it, played Four whip wanted a lash to it; I will bring half a with it, foiled it, and at length drew it out upon the dozen with me that I twisted last week, which I hope bank-with several other particulars that lasted all will serve you all the time you are in the country. the first course, A dish of wild fowl that came afI bave not been out of the saddle for six days last terward furnished conversation for the rest of the past, having been at Eton with Sir John's eldest son. dinner, which concluded with a late inyention of He takes to bis learning hugely.
Will's for improving the quail-pipe. * I am, Sir, your humble servant,
Upon withdrawing into my room after dinner, I
* WILL WIMBLE." was secretly touched with compassion towards the This extraordinary letter, and message that ac- honest gentleman that had dined with us ; and could companied it, made me very curious to know the not but consider with a great deal of concern, how character and quality of the gentleman who sent
so good a heart and such busy bands were wholly them; which I found to be as follow:-Will Wimble employed in trifles; that so much humanity should is younger brother to a baronet, and descended of be so little beneficial to others, and so much industhe ancient family of the Wimbles. He is now be try so little advantageous to himself. The same temtween furty and fifty; but being bred to no busi- per of mind and application to affairs, might have bes and born to no estate, he generally lives with recommended bim to the public esteem, and have his elder brother as superintendent of his game. He raised his fortune in another station of life. What bants a pack of dogs better than any man in the good to his country or himself might not a trader or muntry, and is very famous for finding out a hare. a merchant have done with such useful though ordiHe is extremely well.versed in all the little handi: nary qualifications ! crafts of an idle man. He makes a May.Ay to a ther of a great family, who had rather see their chil.
Will Wimble's is the case of many a younger bromiracle: and furnishes the whole country with angle, dren starve like gentlemen, than thrive in a trade tods. As he is a good-natured officious fellow, and very much esteemed upon account of his family, he or profession that is beneath their quality. This is a welcome guest at every house, and keeps up a
humour fills several parts of Europe with pride and Fond correspondence among all the gentlemen about | beggary. It is the happiness of a trading nation Bien He carries a tulip root in his pocket from one
like ours, that the younger sons, though incapable
of to another, or exchanges a puppy between a couple such a way of life, as may perhaps enable them to
any liberal art or profession, may be placed in * A Yorkebire gentleman, whose name was Mr. Thomas vie with the best of their family. Accordingly we Mercraft
find several citizens that were launched into the
Hor. 2 Sat. ii. 3.
world with narrow fortunes, rising by an honest in- man at court; you see where his viol hangs by bis dustry to greater estates than those of their elder bro- basket-bilt sword. The action at the Tilt-sard, you thers. It is not improbable but Will was formerly may be sure, won the fair lady, who was a maid of tried at divinity, låw, or physic; and that, finding honour and the greatest beauty of her time; bere bis genius did not lie that way, his parents gave him she stands, the next picture. You see, Sir, my great up at length to his own inventions. But certainly, great great grandmother bas on the new-fashioned however improper he might have been for studies petticoat, except that the modern is gathered at the of a higher nature, he was perfectly well turned for waist; my grandmother appears as if she stood in the occupations of trade and commerce. As I a large drum, whereas the ladies now walk as if they think this is a point which cannot be too much incul- were in a go-cart. For all this lady was bred at cated, I shall desire my reader to compare what I court, she became an excellent country-wife; she hare here written with what I have said in my brought ten children, and when I show you the li. twenty-first speculation.-L.
brary, you shall see in her own hand (allowing for
the difference of the language) the best receipt dow No. 109.) THURSDAY, JULY 5, 1711.
in England both for a hasty-pudding and a white-pot.
“ If you please to fall back a little, because it is Abnormis sapiens
necessary to look at the three next pictures at one of plain good sense, untutor'd in the schools view; these are three sisters. She on the right hand I was this morning walking in the gallery, when who is so very beautiful, died a maid; the next to Sir Roger entered at the end opposite to me, and her, still handsomer, bad the same fate, against her advancing towards me, said he was glad to meet will; this homely thing in the middle had both their me among his relations the De Coverleys, and hoped portions added to her own, and was stolen by a neighI liked the conversation of so much good company, bouring gentleman, a man of stratagem and resoluwho were as silent as myself. I kuew he alluded to tion; for he poisoned three mastiffs to come at ber, the pictures, and as he is a gentleman who does not and knocked down two deer-stealers in carrying her a little valué himself upon his ancient descent, I off. Misfortunes happen in all families. The theft expected he would give me some account of them. of this romp, and so much money, was no great matWe were now arrived at the upper end of the gallery, ter to our estate. But the next heir that possessed when the knight faced towards one of the pictures, it was this soft gentleman whom you see there. Oband, as we stood before it, he entered into the mat- serve the small buttons, the little boots, the laces, ter after his blunt way of saying things as they oc- the slashes about his clothes, and above all the poscur to his imagination, without regular introduction, ture he is drawn in (which to be sure was his own or care to preserve the appearance of chain of thought choosing): you see he sits with one hand on a desk,
“ It is,” said be, “worth while to consider the writing, and looking as it were another way, like force of dress; and how the persons of one age dif- an easy writer, or a sonnetteer. He was one of fer from those of another, merely by that only. One those that had too much wit to know how to live in may observe also, that the general fashion of one age the world ; he was a man of no justice, but great has been followed by one particular set of people in good manners; he ruined every body that had any another, and by them preserved from one genera- thing to do with him, but never said a rude thing in tion to another. Thus the vast jetting coat and his life; the most indolent person in the world, he small bonnet, which was the habit in Henry the Se-would sign a deed that passed away half his estate venth's time, is kept on in the yeomen of the guard; with his gloves on, but would not put on his hat bepot without a good and politic view, because they fore a lady if it were to save his country. He is look a foot taller, and a foot and a half broader-be- said to be the first that made love by squeezing the sides that the cap leaves the face expanded, and band. He left the estate with ten thousand pounds consequently more terrible and fitter to stand at the debt upon it; but, however, by all hands I have been entrance of palaces.
informed, that he was every way the finest gentle“ This predecessor of ours, you see, is dressed man in the world. That debt lay heavy on on our after this manner, and his cheeks would be no lar-house for one generation, but it was retrieved by a ger than mine were he in a hat as I am. He was gift from that honest man you see there, a citizen of the last man that won a prize in the Tilt yard (which our name, but nothing at all akin to us. I know is now a common street before Whitehall).
You Sir Andrew Freeport has said behind my back, that see the broken lance that lies there by his right foot. this man was descended from one of the ten children He shivered that lance of his adversary all to pieces; of the maid of honour I showed you above: but it and bearing himself, look you, Sir, in this manner,
was never made out. We winked at the thing inat the same time he came within the target of the deed, because money was wanting at that time. gentleman who rode against him, and taking him Here I saw my friend a little embarrassed, and with incredible force before him on the pummel of turned my face to the next portraiture. his saddle, he in that manner rid the tournament over,
Sir Roger went on with his account of the gallery with an air that shewed he did it rather to perform in the following manner : “ This man (pointing to the rules of the lists, than to expose his enemy: how him I looked at), I take to be the honour of our ever, it appeared he knew how to make use of a vic-house, Sir Humphry de Coverley; he was in his tory, and with a gentle trot he marched up to a gal-dealings as punctual as a tradesman, and as genelery where their mistress sat (for they were rivals), rous as a gentleman. He would have thought himand let him down with laudable courtesy and par- self as much undone by breaking his word, as if it donable insolence. I do not know but it might be were to be followed by bankruptcy: He served his exactly where the coffee-house* is now.
country as knight of the shire to his dying day. He “ You are to know this my ancestor was not only found it no easy matter to maintain an integrity in of a military genius, but fit also for the arts of peace, his words and actions, even in things that regarded for he played on the bass-viol as well as any gentle the offices which were incumbent upon him, in the
care of his own affairs and relations of life, and The Tilt-yard coffee-house, still in being. therefore dreaded (though he bad great talents) to
go iato employments of state, where he must be ex- time to time are heard from the tops of them, looks posed to the snares of ambition. Innocence of life, exceedingly solemn and venerable. These objects and great ability, were the distinguishing parts of naturally raise seriousness and attention; and when his character ; the latter, he had often observed, night heightens the awfulness of the place, and had led to the destruction of the former, and he pours out her supernumerary horrors upon every used frequently to lament that great and good had thing in it, I do not at all wonder that weak minds Rot the same signification. He was an excellent fill it with spectres and apparitions. busbandman, but had resolved not to exceed such a Mr. Locke, in his chapter of the Association of degree of wealth; all above it he bestowed in secret Ideas, has very curious remarks to shew how, by the bounties many years after the sum he aimed at for prejudice of education, one idea often introduces his own use was attained. Yet he did not slacken into the mind a whole set that bear do resemblapce his industry, but to a decent old age spent the life to one another in the nature of things. Among and fortune which were superfluous to himself, in the several instances of this kind, he produces the service of his friends and neighbours.”
following: “ The ideas of goblins and sprites Here we were called to dinner, and Sir Roger have really no more to do with darkness than light: ended the discourse of this gentleman, by telling yet let bút a foolish maid inculcate these often on me, as we followed the servant, that this his ances, the mind of a child, and raise them there together, tor vas a brave man, and narrowly escaped being possibly he shall never be able to separate them killed in the civil wars; " for," said he, “ he was again so long as he lives ; but darkness shall ever set out of the field with a private message, the day after bring with it those frightful ideas, and they before the battle of Worcester.” The whim of nar. shall be so joined, that he can no more bear the one rowly escaping by baving been within a day of dan- than the other.” ger, with other matters above-mentioned, mixed As I was walking in this solitude, where the dusk with good sense, left me at a loss, whether I was more of the evening conspired with so many other occadelighted with my friend's wisdom or simplicity. sions of terror, I observed a cow grazing not far
R. from me, which an imagination that was apt to star
tle might easily have construed into a black horse No. 110.) FRIDAY, JULY 6, 1711.
without a head : and I dare say the poor footman
lost his wits upon some such trivial occasion. Horror ubique animos, simul ipsa silentia terrent.
My friend Sir Roger has often told me with a VIRG Æn. ii. 755.
great deal of mirth that, at his first coming to his All things are full of horror and affright,
estate, he found three parts of his house altogether And dreadful ev in the silence of the night.-DRYDEN.
useless; that the best room in it had the reputation At a little distance from Sir Roger's house, among of being haunted, and by that means was locked the ruins of an old abbey, there is a long walk of up; that noises had been heard in his long gallery, aged elms; which are shot up so very high, that so that he could not get a servant to enter it after when one passes ander them, the rooks and crows eight o'clock at night; that the door of one of his that rest upon the tops of them seem to be cawing chambers was nailed up, because there went a story in another region. I am very much delighted with in the family that a butler had formerly hanged himthis sort of doise, which I consider as a kind of na- self in it; and that his mother, who lived to a great taral prayer to that Being who supplies the wants age, had shut up half the rooms in the house, in of his own creation, and who, in the beautiful lan. which either her husband, a son, or a daughter, had guage of the psalms,* feedeth the young ravens that died. The knight seeing his habitation reduced to call upon him. I like this retirement the better, so small a compass, and himself in a manner shut because of an ill report it lies under of being haunted; out of his own house, upon the death of his mother for which reason (as I have been told in the family) ordered all the apartments to be flung open, and po living creature ever walks in it besides the chap- exorcised by his chaplain, who lay in every room lain. My good friend the butler desired me with a one' after another, and by that means dissipated the very grate face not to venture myself in it after fears which had so long reigned in the family. sun-set, for that one of the footmen had been almost I should not thus have been particular upon these frightened out of his wits by a spirit that appeared ridiculous horrors, did I not find them so very much to him in the sbape of a black horse without a head; prevail in all parts of the country. At the same to which he added, that about a month ago one of time I think a person who is thus terrified with the the maids, coming home late that way with a pail imagination of ghosts and spectres much more reaof milk upon her head, heard such a rustling among sonable than one who, contrary to the reports of all the bushes that she let it fall.
historians, sacred and profane, ancient and modern, I was taking a walk in this place last week be- and to the traditions of all nations, thinks the aptreen the hours of pine and ten, and could not but pearance of spirits fabulous and groundless. Could fancy it one of the most proper scenes in the world not I give myself up to this general testimony of for a ghost to appear in." The ruins of the abbey mankind, I should to the relations of particular perare scattered up and down on every side, and half sons who are now living, and whom I cannot distrust covered with ivy and elder bushes, the barbours of in other matters of fact. I might here add, that several solitary birds which seldom make their ap- not only the bistorians, to whom we may join the pearance till the dusk of the evening. The place poets, but likewise the philosophers of antiquity, was formerly a churchyard, and has still several have favoured this opinion. Lucretius himself, though marks in it of graves and burying-places. There is by the course of his philosophy he was obliged to web an echo among the old ruins and vaults that, if maintain that the soul did not exist separate from you stamp but a little louder than ordinary, you the body, makes no doubt of the reality of appabear the sound repeated. At the same time the walk ritions, and that men have often appeared after their al elms, with the croaking of the ravens which from death. This I think very remarkable : he was so
pressed with the matter of fact, which he could not Psal. cxlvii. 9.
have the confidence to deny, that he was forced to
account for it by one of the most absurd unphiloso- virtue, and that uneasiness which follows in it upon phical notions that was ever started. He tells us, the commission of vice that the surfaces of all bodies are perpetually flying Thirdly, from the nature of the Supreme Being, off from their respective bodies, one after another; whose justice, goodness, wisdom, and veracity, are and that these surfaces, or thin cases that included all concerned in this great point. each other whilst they were joined in the body, like But among these and other excellent arguments the coats of an onion, are sometimes seen entire for the immortality of the soul, there is one drawn when they are separated from it; by which means from the perpetual progress of the soul to its perfece we often behold the shapes and shadows of persons tion, without a possibility of ever arriving at it; who are either dead or absent.*
which is a hint that I do not remember to have seen I shall dismiss this paper with a story out of Jo- opened and improved by others who have written on sephus, f not so much for the sake of the story itself this subject, though it seems to me to carry a great as for the moral reflections with which the author weight with it. How can it enter into the thoughts concludes it, and which I shall here set down in bis of man, that the soul, which is capable of such im. own words :-“ Glaphyra, the daughter of King mense perfections, and of receiving new improveArchelaus, after the death of her two first husbands ments to all eternity, shall fall away into nothing (being married to a third, who was brother to her almost as soon as it is created ? Are such abilities first husband, and so passionately in love with her, made for no purpose ? A brute arrives at the point that he turned off his former wife to make room for of perfection that he can never pass : in a few years this marriage,) had a very odd kind of a dream. he has all the endowments he is capable of; and, She fancied that she saw her first husband coming were he to live ten thousand more, would be the towards her, and that she embraced him with great same thing he is at present. Were a buman soul tenderness; when in the midst of the pleasure which thus at a stand in her accomplishments; were her she expressed at the sight of him, he reproached faculties to be full blown, and incapable of farther her after the following manner : Glaphyra,' says enlargements, I could imagine it inight fall away inhe, thou hast made good the old saying; that women sensibly, and drop at once into a state of annihilaare not to be trusted. Was not I the husband of tion. But can we believe a thinking being, that is thy virginity ? Have not I children by thee? How in a perpetual progress of improvements, and travelcouldst thou forget our loves so far as to enter into ling on from perfection to perfection, after having a second marriage, and after that into a third, nay, just looked abroad into the works of its Creator, and to take for thy husband a man who has so shame- made a few discoveries of his infinite goodness, lessly crept into the bed of his brother?. However, wisdom, and power, must perish at her first setting for the sake of our passed loves, I shall free thee out, and in the beginning of her inquiries ? from thy present reproach, and make the mine for A man, considered in his present state, seems only ever.' Glaphyra told this dream to several women sent into the world to propagate his kind. He proof her acquaintance, and died soon after.” I thought vides himself with a successor, and immediately this story might not be impertinent in this place, quits his post to make room for him. wherein í speak of those things. Besides that the
-Hæres example deserves to be taken notice of, as it con Hæredem alterius, velut unda supervenit undam. tains a most certain proof of the immortality of the
HOR. 2 Ep. ii. 175. soul, and of Divine Providence. If any man thinks
-Heir crowds heir, as in a rolling flood these facts incredible, let him enjoy his own opinion
Wave urges wave.
CREECE. to himself, but let him not endeavour to disturb the He does not seem born to enjoy life, but to deliver it belief of others, who by instances of this nature are down to others. This is not surprising to consider excited to the study of virtue.-L.
in animals, which are formed for our use, and can
finish their business in a short life. The silkworin, No. 111.1 SATURDAY, JULY 7, 1711.
after having spun her task, lays ber eggs and dies.
But a man can never have taken in his full measure Inter silvas academi quærere verum.
Hor. 2 Ep. ii. 45.
of knowledge, has not time to subdue his passions,
establish his soul in virtue, and come up to the per. To search for truth in academic groves.
fection of his nature, before he is hurried off the The course of my last speculation led me insens- stage. Would an infinitely wise Being make such ibly into a subject npon which I always meditate glorious creatures for so mean a purpose ? Can be with great delight; I mean the immortality of the delight in the production of such abortive intellisoul. I was yesterday walking alone in one of my gences, such short-lived reasonable beings 2 Would friend's woods, and lost myself in it very agreeably, he give us talents that are not to be exerted ? capaas I was running over in my mind the several argu-cities that are never to be gratified? How can we ments that established this great point, which is the find that wisdom, which shines through all his works basis of morality, and the source of all the pleasing, in the formation of man, without looking on this hopes and secrei joys that can arise in the heart of world as only a nursery for the next, and believing a reasonable creature. I considered those several that the several generations of rational creatures, proofs, drawn :
which rise up and disappear in such quick succes, First, from the nature of the soul itself, and par- sions, are only to receive their first rudiments of es-, ticularly its immateriality, which, though not abso- istence here, and afterward to be transplanted into lutely necessary to the cternity of its duration, bas, a more friendly climate, where they may spread and I think, been evinced to almost a demonstration.
flourish to all eternity! Secondly, from its passions and sentiments, as
There is not, in my opinion, a more pleasing and particularly from its love of existence, its horror of triumphant consideration in religion than this of the annihilation, and its hopes of immortality, with that perpetual progress which the soul makes towards the secret satisfaction which it finds in the practice of perfection of its nature, without ever arriving at a * Lucret. iv. 34, &c.
period in it. To look upon the soul as going on † Antiquit. Jud. lib. xvii. cap. 15. sect. 4, 5.
from strength to strength, to consider that she is to