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vent being dogged. The lover makes signs to me No. 97.] THURSDAY, JUNE, 21, 1711. as I get behind the coach; I shake my head-it was
Projecere animas-VIRGO. Æx. vi. 436. impossible : I leave my lady at the next turning, They prodigally threw their lives away. and follow the cully to know how to fall in his way
Among the loose papers which I have frequently on another occasion. Besides good offices of this spoken of heretofore, I find a conversation between nature, I writ all my mistress's love-letters ; some Pharamond and Eucrate upon the subject of duels, from a lady that saw such a gentleman at such a and the copy of an edict issued in consequence of place in such a coloured coat--some showing the ter- that discourse. rors she was in of a jealous old husband-others ex
Eucrate argued, that nothing but the most serere plaining that the severity of her parents was such and vindictive punishment, such as placing the (though her fortune was settled) that she was willing bodies of the offe aders in chains, and putting them to run away with such a one, though she knew he
to death by the most exquisite torments, would be was but a younger brother. In a word, my half education and love of idle books made me outwrite sufficient to extirpate a crime which had so long all that made love to her by way of epistle ; and as the world as great and laudable. The king answered,
prevailed, and was so firmly fixed in the opinion of she was extremely cunning, she did well enough in " that indeed instances of ignominy were necessary company by a skilful affectation of the greatest modesty. In ihe midst of all this, I was surprised with in the cure of this evil; but
, considering that it
prevailed only among such as had a nicety in their a letter from her, and a ten-pound note.
sense of honour, and that it often happened that a “* Honest Tom,
duel was fought to save appearances to the world, « * You will never see me more. I am married to when both parties were in their hearts in amity and a very cunning country gentleman, who might pos- reconciliation to each other, it was evident that sibly guess something if I kept you still; therefore turning the mode another way would effectually put farewell.'
a stop to what had been only as a mode; that to “When this place was lost also in marriage, such persons poverty and shame were torments sufwas resolved to go among quite another people, for ficient; that he would not go farther in punishing the future, and got in butler to one of those families in others, crimes which he was satisfied he himself where there is a coach kept, three or four servants, was most guilty of, in that he might have prevented a clean house, and a good general outside upon a them by speaking his displeasure sooner." Besides small estate. Here I lived very comfortably for which the king said," he was in general averse to some time, until I unfortunately found my master, tortures, which was putting human nature itself, rathe very gravest man alive, in the garret with the ther than the criminal, io disgrace; and that he chambermaid. I knew the world too well to think would be sure not to use this means where the crime of staying there; and the next day pretended to was but an ill effect arising from a laudable cause, have received a letter out of the country that my fa- the fear of shame.” The king, at the same time, ther was dying, and got my discharge with a bounty spoke with much grace upon the subject of mercy, for my discretion.
and repented of many acts of that kind which had " The next I lived with was a peevish single man, a magnificent aspect in the doing, but dreadful con. whom I stayed with for a year and a half. Most sequences in the example. “Mercy to particulars," part of the time I passed very easily; for when I he observed, “was cruelty in the general. That began to know him, I minded no more than he though a prince could not revive å dead man by meant, what he said : so that one day in a good hu- taking the life of him who killed him, neither could mour he said, “I was the best man he ever had, by he make reparation to the next that should die by my want of respect to him.'
the evil example; or answer to himself for the par. "" These, Sir, are the chief occurrences of my life; tiality in not pardoning the next as well as the for. and I will not dwell upon very many other places I mer offender. As for me," says Pharamond, " I have been in, where I have been the strangest fellow have conquered France, and yet have given laws to in the world, where nobody in the world had such my people. The laws are my methods of life; they servants as they, where sure they were the unluckiest are not a diminution but a direction to my power. people in the world for servants, and so forth. All I am still absolute to distinguish the innocent and I mean by this representation is, to shew you that we the virtuous, to give honours to the brave and gene. poor servants are not (what you called us too generous; I am absolute in my good will; none can oprally) all rogues; but that we are what we are, ac
pose my bounty, or prescribe rules for my favour. cording to the example of our superiors. In the While I can, as I please, reward the good, I am family I am now in, I am guilty of no one sin but under no pain that I cannot pardon the wicked; for lying'; which I do with a grave face in my gown which reason,” continued Pharamond, “I will ef. and staff every day I live, and almost all day long, fectually put a stop to this evil, by exposing no more in denying my lord to impertinent suitors, and my the tenderness of my nature to the importunity of lady to unwelcome visitants. But, Sir, I am to let having the same respect to those who are miserable you know that I am, when I can get abroad, a leader of the servants: I am he that keeps time with by their
, and those who are so by their misfor
tune. Flatterers (concluded the king, smiling) re. beating my cudgel against the boards in the gallery peat to us princes, that we are heaven's vicegerents ; at an opera: I am he that am touched so properly let us be so, and let the only thing out of our power at a tragedy, when the people of quality are staring be to do ill." at one another during the inost important incidents.
Soon after the evening wherein Pharamond and When you hear in a crowd a cry in the right place, Eucrate had this conversation, the following edict a bum where the point is touched in a speech, or a
was published against duels. huzza set up where it is the voice of the people :
PHARAMOND'S EDICT AGAINST DUELS. you may conclude it is begun or joined by, Sir,
“ Your more than humble servant, “ Pharamond, King of the Gauls, to all his loving T. “ THOMAS TRUSTY."
subjects sendeth greeting : “Whereas, it has come to our royal notice and
observation, that, in contempt of all laws divine and ten years ago it sbot up to a very great height, inhuman, it is of late become a custom among the somuch that the female part of our species were Dobility and gentry of this our kingdom, upon slight nuch taller than the men. The women were of and trivial as well as great and urgent provocations, such an enormous stature, that “we appeared as to invite each other into the field-there, by their grasshoppers before them.”+ At present the whole own hands, and of their own authority, to decide sex is in a manner dwarfed, and shrunk into a race their controversies by combat; we have thought fit of beauties that seems almost another species. I to take the said custom into our royal consideration, remember several ladies, who were once very near and find, upon inquiry into the usual causes whereon seven foot high, that at present want some inches of such fatal decisions have arisen, that by this wicked five. How they came to be thus curtailed I cannot custom, naugre all the precepts of our holy religion learn; whether the whole sex be at present under and the rules of right reason, the greatest act of the any penance which we know nothing of; or whether human mind, forgiveness of injuries, is become vile they have cast their head-dresses in order to surprise and shameful; that the rules of good society and us with something in that kind which shall be envirtuous conversation are hereby inverted; that the tirely new; or whether some of the tallest of the sex, loose, the vain, and the impudent, insult the careful, being too cunning for the rest, have contrived this the discreet, and the modest; that all virtue is sup- method to make themselves appear sizeable is still a pressed, and all rice supported, in the one act of secret; though I find most are of opinion, they are being capable to dare to the death. We have also at present like trees new lopped and pruned, that farther, with great sorrow of mind, observed that will certainly sprout up and fourish with greater this dreadful action, by long impunity (our royal at- heads than before. For my own part, as I do not tention being employed upon matters of more gene- love to be insulted by women who are taller than ral concern), is become honourable, and the refusal myself, I admire the sex much more in their preto engage in it ignominious. In these our royal sent humiliation, which has reduced them to their cares and inquiries we are yet farther made to under natural dimensions, than when they had extended stand, that the persons of most eminent worth, and their persons and lengthened themselves out into most hopeful abilities, accompanied with the strong formidable and gigantic figures. I am not for adding est passion for true glory, are such as are most liable to the beautiful edifices of nature, nor for raising to be involved in the dangers arising from this li- any whimsical superstructure upon her plans : I cence:- Now, taking the said premises into our seri- must therefore repeat it, that I am highly pleased ous consideration, and well weighing that all such with the coiffure now in fashion, and think it shews emergencies (wherein the mind is incapable of com- the good sense which at present very much reigns manding itself
, and where the injury is too sudden among the valuable part of the sex. Onc may ob. or too exquisite to be borne) are particularly pro- serve that women in all ages have taken more pains vided for by laws heretofore enacted; and that the than men to adorn the outside of their heads; and qualities of less injuries, like those of ingratitude, indeed I very much admire, that those female archiare too nice and delicate to come under general tects, who raise such wonderful structures out of rirules; we do resolve to blot this fashion, or wanton- bands, lace, and wire, have not been recorded for ness of anger, out of the minds of our subjects, by their respective inventions. It is certain there have our royal resolutions declared in this edict as follow: been as many orders in these kinds of building, as
* Nó person who either sends or accepts a chals in those which have been made of marble. Some lenge, or the posterity of either, though no death en- times they rise in the shape of a pyramid, sometimes sues thereupon, shall be, after the publication of this like a tower, and sometimes like a steeple. In Juvequr edict, capable of bearing office in these our nal's time the building grew by several orders and dominions.
stories, as he has very humorously described it: "The person who shall prove the sending or
Tot premit ordinibus, tot adhuc compagibus altum receiving a challenge, shall receive to his own use Ædificat caput; Andromachen a fronte videbis: and property the whole personal estate of both par- Post miuor est; aliam credas.ties; and their real estate shall be immediately With curls on curls they build her head before, rested in the next heir of the offenders, in as ample manner as if the said offenders were actually deceased.
A giantess she seems; but look hehind, " In cases where the laws (which we have already
And then she dwindles to the pigmy kind.-DRYDEN. granted to our subjects) admit of an appeal for blood; But I do not remember in any part of my reading, when the criminal is condemned by the said appeal, that the bead-dress aspired to so great an extravahe shall not only suffer death, but his whole estate, gance as in the fourteenth century; when it was real, mixed, and personal, shall from the hour of built up in a couple of cones or spires, which stood his death be vested in the next heir of the person so exceedingly
high on each side of the head, that a whose blood he spilt.
woman, who was but a pigmy without her head. "That it shall not hereafter be in our royal power, dress, appeared like a colossus upon putting it on. or that of our successors, to pardon the said offences Monsieur Paradin says, " that these old-fashioned or restore the offenders in their estates, honour, or fontanges rose an ell above the head; that they were blood, for ever.
pointed like steeples, and had long loose pieces of “Given at our court of Blois, the 8th of February, crape fastened to the tops of them, which were cu420, in the second year of our reigu."-T.
riously fringed, and hung down their backs like streamers.
The women might possibly have carried this Gothic No. 98.1 FRIDAY, JUNE 22, 1711. -Tanta est quærendi cura decoris.-Jov. Sat. vi. 500.
• This refers to the commode (called by the French " fon
tange“), a kind of head-dress worn by the ladies at the beginSo stadiously their persons they adorn.
ning of the last century, which by means of wire bore up their THERE is not so variable a thing in nature as a
hair and fore-part of the cap, consisting of many folds of foe lady's head-dress. Within my own memory, I have lace, to a prodigious height. The transition from this to the
opposite extreme was very abrupt and sudden. knowo it rise and fall above thirty degrees. About
Juv. Sat. vi. 501.
And mount it with a formidable tow'r;
* Numb. xiii, 32
building much higher, had not a famous monk, this paper which seems to differ with any passage of Thomas Conecte by name, attacked it with great last Thursday's, the reader will consider them as the zeal and resolution. This holy man travelled from sentiments of the club, and the other as my own place to place to preach down this monstrous com- private thoughts, or rather those of Pharamond. mode; and succeeded so well in it, that, as the ma- The great point of honour in men is courage, and gicians sacriticed their books to the flames upon the in women chastity. If a man loses his honour in preaching of an apostle, many of the women threw one encounter, it is not impossible for him to regain down their head-dresses in the middle of the sermon, it in another : a slip in a woman's honour is irreand made a bontire o: them within sight of the pul- coverable. I can give no reason for fixing the point pit. He was so renowned as well for the sanctity of honour to these two qualities, unless it be that of his life as his manner of preaching, that he had each sex sets the greatest value on the qualification often a congregation of twenty thousand people; which renders them the most amiable in the eyes of the men placing themselves on the one side of his the contrary sex. Had men chosen for themselves, pulpit, and the women on the other, that appeared without regard to the opinion of the fair sex, I (to use the similitude of an ingenious writer) like a should believe the choice would have fallen on wisdom forest of cedars with their heads reaching to the or virtue ; or had women determined their own clouds. He so warmed and animated the people point of honour, it is probable that wit or good-paagainst this monstrous ornament, that it lay under ture would have carried it against chastity, a kind of persecution; and whenever it appeared in Nothing recommends a man more to the female public, was pelted down by the rabble, who flung sex than courage; whether it be that they are pleased stones at the persons that wore it. But notwith- to see one who is a terror to others fall like a slave standing this prodigy vanished while the preacher at their feet; or that this quality supplies their own was among them, it began to appear again some principal defect, in guarding them from insults, and months after his departure, or, to tell it in Monsieur avenging their quarrels; or that courage is a naParadin's own words, “ the women that, like snails tural indication of a strong and sprightly constituin a fright, had drawn in their horns, shot them out tion. On the other side, nothing makes women again as soon as the danger was over.” This extra- more esteemed by the opposite sex than chastity; vagance of the women's head dresses in that age, is whether it be that we always prize those most who taken notice of by Monsieur d'Argentre in his his are hardest to come at; or that nothing beside chastory of Bretagne, and by other historians, as well as tity, with its collateral attendants, truth, fidelity, the persou I have here quoted.
and constancy, gives the man a property in the per. i It is usually observed, that a good reign is the son he loves, and consequently endears her to him only proper time for making laws against the exor- above all things. bitance of power; in the same manner an excessive I am very much pleased with a passage in the inhead-dress may be attacked the most effectually when scription on a monument erected in Westminsterthe fashion is against it. do therefore recoinmend abbey to the late Duke and Duchess of Newcastle. this paper to my female readers by way of prevention." Her name was Margaret Lucas, youngest sister
I would desire the fair sex to consider how im to the Lord Lucas of Colchester; a noble family, possible it is for them to add any thing that can be for all the brothers were valiant, and all the sisters ornamental to what is already the master piece of virtuous.” nature. The head has the most beautiful appearance, In books of chivalry, where the point of honour is as well as the highest station, in a human figure. strained to madness, the whole story runs on chastity Nature has laid out all her art in beautifying the and courage. The damsel is mounted on a white face; she has touched it with vermilion, planted in palfry, as an emblem of her innocence; and, to it a double row of ivory, made it the seat of smiles avoid scandal, must have a dwarf for her page. She and blushes, lighted it up and enlivered it with the is not to think of a man, until some misfortune has brightness of the eyes, hung it on each side with brought a knight-errant to her relief. The knight curious organs of sense, given it airs and graces falls in love, and, did not gratitude restrain her from that cannot be described, and surrounded it with murdering her deliverer, would die at her feet by such a flowing shade of hair as sets all its beauties her disdain. However, he must waste many years in the most agreeable light. In short, she seems to in the desert, before her virgin heart can think of a have designed the head as the cupola to the most surrender. The knight goes off, attacks every thing glorious of her works: and when we load it with he meets that is bigger and stronger than himself, such a pile of supernumerary ornaments, we destroy seeks all opportunities of being knocked on the head, the symmetry of the human figure, and foolishly and after seven years' rambling returns to his miscontrive to call off the eye from great and real beau- tress, whose chastity has been attacked in the mean ties, to childish gew-gaws, ribands, and bone-lace.-L. time by giants and tyrants, and undergone as many
trials as her lover's valour.
In Spain, where there are still great remains of No. 99.) SATURDAY, JUNE 23, 1711. this romantic humour, it is a transporting favour for
a lady to cast an accidental glance on her lover from -Turpi secernis honestum.--Hor. I, Sat vi. 63. You know to fix the bounds of right and wrong.
a window, though it be two or three stories bigb; as
it is usual for a lover to assert his passion for his The club, of which I have often declared myself mistress, in a single combat with a mad bull. a member, were last night engaged in a discourse The great violation in point of honour from man upon that which passes for the chief point of honour to man, is giving the lie. One may tell another he among men and women; and started a great many whores, drinks, blasphemes, and it may pass unrehints upon the subject, which I thought were en sented; but to say he lies, though but in jest, is an tirely new. I shall therefore methodize the several affront that nothing but blood can expiate. The reflections that arose upon this occasion, and present reason perhaps may be, because no other vice im. my reader with them for the speculation of this day; plies a' want of courage so much as the making a afier baving premised, that if there is any thing in lie; and therefore telling a man be lies is touching
him in the most sensible part of honour, and indi- stead of this, you bardly see a man who is not uneasy rectly calling him a coward. I cannot admit under in proportion to his advancement in the arts of life. this head what Herodotus tells us of the ancient An affected delicacy is the common improvement we Persians-that from the age of five years to twenty meet with in those who pretend to be refined above they instruct their sons only in three things, to others. They do not aim at true pleasures themmanage the horse, to make use of the bow, and to selves, but turn their thoughts upon observing the speak truth.
false pleasures of other men. Such people are valeThe placing the point of honour in this false kind tudinarians in society, and they should no more of courage, has givea occasion to the very refuse of come into company than a sick man should come into mankind, who have neither virtue nor common the air. If a man is too weak to bear what is refresh. sense, to set up for men of honour. An English peer ment to men in health, he must still keep his chamwho has not long been dead, * used to tell a pleasant ber. When any one in Sir Roger's company comstory of a French gentleman that visited him early plains he is out of order, he immediately calls for one morning at Paris, and after great professions of some posset-drink for him ; for which reason that respect, let him know that he had it in his power to sort of people who are ever hewailing their constituoblige him; which, in short, amounted to this—that tion in other places, are the cheerfullest imaginable he believed he could tell his lordship the person's when he is present. name who jostled him as he came out from the It is a wonderful thing that so many, and they opera: but before he would proceed, be begged his not reckoned absurd, shall entertain those with whom lördship that he would not deny him the honour of they converse, by giving them a history of their making him his second. The English lord, to avoid pains and aches, and imagine such narrations their being drawn into a very foolish affair, told him, he quota of the conversation. This is of all other the was under engagements for his two next duels to a meanest help to discourse, and a man must not couple of particular friends :-upon which the gen- think at all, or think himself very insignificant, tleman immediately withdrew, hopiog his lordship when he finds an account of his head-ache answered would not take it ill if he meddled no farther in an by another's asking what news by the last mail. affair from whence he himself was to receive no ad- Mutual good humour is a dress we ought to appear Fantage.
in whenever we meet, and we should make no menThe beating down this false notion of honour in so tion of what concerns ourselves, without it be of vain and lively a people as those of France, is de- matters wherein our friends ought to rejoice; but servedly looked upon as one of the most glorious indeed there are crowds of people who put them. parts of their present king's reign. It is a pity but selves in no inethod of pleasing theinselves or others; the punishment of these mischievous notions should such are those whom we usually call indolent perbave in it some particular circumstances of shame sons. Indolence is, methinks, an intermediate state and infamy: that those who are slaves to them may between pleasure and pain, and very much unbe. see, that instead of advancing their reputations, they coming any part of our life after we are out of the lead them to ignominy and dishonour.
Such an aversion to labour creates a Death is not sufficient to deter men who make it constant weariness, and one would think should their glory to despise it; but if every one that fought make existence itself a burden. The indolent man a duel were to stand in the pillory, it would quickly descends from the dignity of his nature, and makes lessen the number of these imaginary men of honour, that being which was rational merely vegetative. and put an end to so absurd a practice.
His lite consists only in the mere increase and decay When honour is a support to virtuous principles, of a body, which, with relation to the rest of the and runs parallel with the laws of God and our coun- world, might as well have been uninformed, as the try, it cannot be too much cherished and encouraged: habitation of a reasonable mind. but when the dictates of honour are contrary to those Of this kind is the life of that extraordinary of religion and equity, they are the greatest deprav. couple, Harry Tersett and his lady. Harry was, in ations of human nature, by giving wrong ambitions the days of his celibacy, one of those pert creatures and false ideas of what is good and laudable; and who have much vivacity and little understanding; should therefore be exploded by all governments, Mrs. Rebecca Quickly, whom he married, had all and driven out as the bane and plague of human that the fire of youth and a lively manner could do society. L. towards making an agreeable woman.
These two people of seeming merit fell into each other's arms;
and, passion being sated, and no reason or good No. 100.] MONDAY, JUNE 25, 1711.
sense in either to succeed it, their life is now at a
stand; their meals are insipid and their time tedious; Ni] ego contulerim jucundo sanus amico.—Hor. 1 Sat. v. 44 their foriune has placed them above care, and their The greatest blessing is a pleasant friend.
loss of taste reduced them below diversion. When A max advanced in years that thinks fit to look we talk of these as instances of inexistence, we do back upon his former life, and call that only life not mean, that in order to live, it is necessary we which was passed with satisfaction and
enjoyment, should be always in jovial crews, or crowned with excluding all parts which were not pleasant to him, chaplets of roses, as the merry fellows among the Will find himself very young, if not in his infancy: ancients are described; but it is intended, by conSickness, ill-humour and idleness will have robbed sidering these contraries of pleasure, indolence, and him of a great share of that space we ordinarily call too much delicacy, to show that it is prudence to preour life. It is therefore the duty of every man that serve a disposition in ourselves to receive a certain would be true to himself
, to obtain, if possible, a dis- delight in all we hear and see. position to be pleased, and place himself in a con
This portable quality of good humour seasons all stant aptitude for the satisfactions of his being. In the parts and occurrences we meet with in such a
manner, that there are no moments lost: but they The editor has been told this was William Cavendish, there all pass with so much satisfaction, that the heaviest in duke of Devonshire, who died August 18, 1707 for loads (when it is a load,) that of time, is never
felt by us. Varilas has this quality to the highest pities of knowing the truth, they are in the best perfection, and communicates it wherever be appears. disposition to tell it. The sad, the merry, the severe, the melancholy, show It is therefore the privilege of posterity to adjust a new cheerfulness when he comes among them. At the characters of illustrious persons, and to set matthe same time no one can repeat any thing that Va-ters right between those antagonists, who by their rilas has ever said that deserves repetition, but the rivalry for greatness divided a whole age into facman has that innate gooduess of temper, that he is tions. We can now allow Cæsar to be a great man, welcome to every body, because every man thinks without derogating from Pompey; and celebrate he is so to him. He does not seem to contribute any the virtues of Cato, without detracting from those of thing to the mirth of the company; and yet upon Cæsar. Every one that has been long dead has a reflection you find it all happened by his being due proportion of praise allotted him, in which, there. I thought it was whimsically said of a gen- whilst he lived, his friends were too profuse, and his tleman, that if Varilas had wit, it would be the best enemies too sparing. wit in the world. It is certain, when a well-cor- According to Sir Isaac Newton's calculations, the reeted uively imagination and good breeding are last comet that made its appearance in 1680, imadded to a sweet disposition, they qualify it to be one bibed so much heat by its approaches to the sun, that of the greatest blessings as well as pleasures of life. it would have been two thousand times hotter than
Men would come into company with ten times the red hot iron, had it been a globe of that metal; and pleasure they do, if they were sure of hearing no- that supposing it as big as the earth, and at the same thing that would shock them, as well as expected distance from the sun, it would be fifty thousand what would please them. When we know every years in cooling, before it recovered its natural temperson that is spoken of is represented by one who per. In the like manner, if an Englishman con. has no ill-will, and every thing that is mentioned siders the great ferment into which our political described by one that is apt to set it in the best world is thrown at present, and how intensely it is light, the entertainment must be delicate, because heated in all its parts, he cannot suppose that it will the cook has nothing brought to his hand but what cool again in less than three hundred years. In is the most excellent in its kind. Beautiful pictures such a tract of time it is possible that the heats of are the entertainments of pure minds, and deformi. tbe present age may be extinguished, and our seveties of the corrupted. It is a degree towards the ral classes of great men represented under their life of angels, when we enjoy conversation wherein proper characters. Some eminent historian may there is nothing presented but in its excellence; and then probably arise that will not write recentibus a degree towards that of demons, wherein nothing is odiis (as Tacitus expresses it)—with the passions and shown but in its degeneracy.
T. prejudices of a contemporary author-but make an
impartial distribution of fame among the great men
of the present age. No. 101.] TUESDAY, JUNE 26, 1711.
I cannot forbear entertaining myself very often
it with a preface to his reader that he is now enter. Ploravere suis non respondere favorem
ing upon de most shining part of the English story, Speratum meritis :- -Hor. 2 Ep. i. 3.
The great rivals in fame will be then distinguished
according to their respective merits, and shine in Edward and Henry, now the boast of fame,
their proper points of light. Such a one (says the And virtuous Alfred, a more sacred name,
historian), though variously represented by the writAfter a life of generous toils endur'd, The Gaul subdu'd, or property secur'd,
ers of his own age, appears to have been a man of Ambition humbled, mighty cities stormed,
more than ordinary abilities, great application, and Or laws establish'd, and the world reform d:
uncommon integrity: nor was such a one (though Clos d their long glories with a sigh to find
of an opposite party and interest) inferior to him in Th' unwilling gratitude of base mankind.—POPR.
any of these respects. The several antagonists who "CENSURE,” says a late ingenious author, “is the now endeavour to depreciate one another, and are tax a man pays to the public for being eminent.” celebrated or traduced by different parties, will then It is a folly for an eminent man to think of escaping have the same body of admirers, and appear illustriit, and a weakness to be affected with it. All the ous in the opinion of the whole British nation. The illustrious persons of antiquity, and indeed of every deserving man, who can now recommend himself to age in the world, have passed through this fiery per- the esteem of but half his countrymen, will then resecution. There is no defence against reproach but ceive the approbations and applauses of a whole age. obscurity; it is a kind of concomitant to greatness, Among the several persons that flourish in this as satires and invectives were an essential part of a glorious reign, there is no question but such a future Roman triumph.
historian, as the person of whom I am speaking, If men of eminence are exposed to censure on will make mention of the men of genius and learnone hand, they are as much liable to flattery on the ing, who have now any figure in the British nation, other. If they receive reproaches which are not due for my own part, I often flatter myself with the to them, they likewise receive praises which they do honourable mention which will then be made of me; not deserve. In a word, the man in a high post is and have drawn up a paragraph in my own imagi. never regarded with an indifferent eye, but always nation, that I fancy will not be altogether unlike considered as a friend or an enemy. For this reason what will be found in some page or other of this persons in great stations have seldom their true cha- imaginary historian. racters drawn till several years after their deaths. It was under this reign, says he, that the SpecTheir personal friendships and enmities must cease, tator published those little diurnal essays which are and the parties they were engaged in be at an end, still extant. We know very little of the name or before their faults or their virtues can have justice person of this author, except only that he was a man done them. When writers have the least opportu-l of a very short face, extremely addicted to silence,