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History, 507, 568. Architec. I tain, ib.; assassinated at York,
tural Antiquities, &c. 568 L ib.; celebrated in medallic his-
574. Coins, 574–576. Natu t ory, 195.
ral History, ib. English Botany, Caractacus, son of King Cuno-
577–580, Minerals and Fossils, beline, unsuccessfully opposes
581. Mineral Waters, ib. Po

the Romans, 95; retires for
litical Economy, Agriculture, shelter to the court of Queen
&c. 582-584.

Cartismandua, 96; betrayed to
Britain, Ancient, its boundaries, the conqueror, ib.

1; dimensions, 2; etymology | Castles, royal, preserved in repair
of its name, 3; fancifully sup at the public expense, 328.
posed to have been peopled by Note.
the Trojans, 6; geography of,

baronial, their different
10; subject to the Romans, 93– parts described.
201; political divisions under Celtæ, their various tribes enu-
the Romans, 125-132; poli merated, 12, 13; mode of dress
tical divisions under the Anglo described, 41–43.
Saxons, 213-216; civil divi | Chariots, war, the most remark-
sions under the Anglo-Saxons, able feature in the military ar-
221-227; present division into Jangements of the Britons, 47:
counties, 225, Note.

four thousand retained by Cas-
Britons, Ancient, no authentic sivellaunus after having disband-

records of their origin, 5; their ed the remainder of bis forces,
various tribes enumerated, 12. 48.

Chapels first attached to fortified
Buckinghamshire, summary of the castles by the Normans, 344.
population, 583.

Note; sepulchral, described by

Mr. Johnson, 523, 524.
Cheshire, summary of the popu.

lation, 590.

Churches, exbibiting remains of
Cairns of the Britons described, Anglo-Norinan architecture,
86, 87.

395-408 ; cathedral, 395—398;
Cambridgeshire, summary of the parochial, 398_408 ; monastic,
population, 589.

408, 409.
Camps, Roman, 139–161; Adl , round, in England, vulo

glo-Saxon, 251, 252; Anglo- garly supposed to have been
Danish, 301, 302.

erected by the Jews, 399. Note.
Canute the Great, anecdote of, Claudius, the Emperor, called by

299 ; supposed to have erected Roman authors the conqueror
Norwich castle, 301; makes a of Britain, 192; his inedals de-
journey to Rome, 304; three scribed, ib.

hundred of his coins found, 312 Cloth, the art of manufacturing
Candles, their early use in the it, introduced by the Belgæ, 41.

service of the church, 372 ; ex-Coffins of wood, the earliest re-
traordinary size of one used corded instance of their use,

at Glastonbury, ib. Note. I 520; of lead, ib, ; of stone,
Carausius, appointed to the com- described by Mr. Jonnson, 522.
mand of the Roman fleet, 106; Coins, British, 63–68; Roman,
condemned to death, 107; as- 187–198 ; Anglo-Saxon, 285–
sumes the government of Bri- 292; Anglo-Danish, 311-314.


Combat, judicial, first introduced, Dorsetshire, suinmary of the

by the Normans, 321; cere: population, 595.
mony noticed ib.

Druids, divided into three classes,
Commerce of the ancient Britons, 27; their religious tenets ne-

in what it consisted, 37-39. ticed, 28-30.
Constantine, elected Emperor by Dungeon, or prison, of an an-

the Roman army in Britain, cient castle, description of, 352,
117; captured and put to death Durham, summary of the popu
by Gerontius, 118.

lation, 596.
Coronets not worn by peers till
the 13th century, 534.

Cornwall, summary of the popu-

lation, 591.
Costume, of the Celtæ, 41-43;

Earth works, Roman, 159–161;
of the ancient British kings, 65.

Anglo-Saxon, 250 — 252; Aus
County, ur sbire, its origin, 224. Egbert, subdues the octarchy •

glo-Danish, 301 – 302.
Cremation, mode of, as per
formed by the ancient Britons,

the Anglo-Saxons, 218, erro-

neously styled King of Eng.
Cromlechs, 79-82 ; commonly England, geographical position

land, it). Note,
intended for sacrificial pur-

of, and contents in square miles,
poses, 81; bu: frequently con-
nected with commemorations in

2; civil divisions of, under the
honour of the dead, ib.

Anglo-Saxons, 221--227.
Crusaders, supposed to have been Engines, military, for attack and
allowed the privilege of cross-

defence, described, 356.
legged effigies, 530 ; many at.

Essex, summary of the popula-
tended by their ladies in expe- Excavations, subterraneous, of

tion, 597.
ditions to the Holy Land, 531.

the ancient Britons, 54; sup-
Crypts, supposed to have been
originally designed for sanctua-

posed to have been used as de-
ries, 270 Note. ; used in later

positories of corn, 55.
times as cemeteries, ib.
Cumberland, summary, of the

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population, 592.
Cunobeline, the first British sove-

Faids, See DRUIDS.
reign that established a mint, 65. Ferocity, remarkable instance of,

in the destruction of Aquileia,

156, Note.

Feudal system introduced by the
Danes, See Anglo. Danes.

Normans, 317.
Decunian Gate, derivation of its Free Masons, origin of the Society
naine, 145.

so cailed, 447-449.
Derbyshire, summary of the Friborg, office of, 222; consi.
population, 593.

dered by Mr. Whitaker as the
Deron-hire, summary of the

proprietor of a lordship, ib.
population, 544.

Dome book, or liber judicialis,
compiled by King Alfred, 228 ;

re-published, with additions, by
King Edwardthe Conftssor, 229. Gallio of Ravenna, sent to the



assistance of the British, 120 ; introduced by the Saxons, 223;
defeats the northern tribes, and its great irregularity, ib. Note.
repairs tbe wall of Severus, Huntingdonshire, summary

the population, 605.
Gavelkind, the custom of, de-
scribed, 32.

Glass, the art of making, not

known in England before the Inscriptions, funeral, earliest
seventh century, 257.

known dates of those on brass,
Painted, first used in 524-526; that in King Ar-
churches about the time of thur's coffin, the earliest known
Henry the Third, 499; de on lead, 532.
faced by the fanatics of the 17th

on churches, date
century, 525, Note.

of erection, or repair, sometimes
Gloucestershire, summary of the ascertained thereby, 272.
population, 598.

, military, erected by
Gothic, See ARCHITECTURE, the Romans, 199–201.

Gunhilda, sister of Swein, King

of Denmark, massacred by
order of the Anglo-Saxons, Joffred, Abbot of Croyland, ob-

tains a remission of penances
Gundulph, bishop, employed by

for those wbo contributed to
King William, 333; introduces

the building of that monastery,

a new style of military archi-
tecture, 334.

Jury, trial by, its origio, 230–



Hadrian, accedes to the imperial Keep, or tower, of a baronial

power, 102; visits Britain in castle, its use described, 350.
person, and causes a wall to be Kent, summary of the popula.
raised as a protection for its tion, 606.

southern boundaries, ib. Knight's fee, a division of land,
Hamlets, their origin, 222, Note. 327; its origin, ib.
Hampshire, additions and cor-
rections to, 599–603; Heron,

or Hern Court, the seat of the
Earl of Malinsbury, 599; Laws, British, 31–32.
Beech House, the residence of -, Anglo-Saxon, 227–235;
John P. Anderdon, Esq. 600; first reduced to a regular stand-
paintings described, 601 - 602; ard by King Alfred, 228 ; trial
summary of the population, by jury, 230; succession to

property, 232 ; matrimonial,
Hengist, arrives in Britain, 211; 233; peval, 233, 234; secu.

establishes the Anglo-Saxon rity, or bail, 235.
kingdom of Kent, 213.

•, Anglo-Norman, 317-
Herefordshire, summary of the 327 ; feudal, 317 ; judicial
population, 604.

combat, 321; courts of justice,
Hertfordshire, summary of the 323; baronial, 324.
population, 605.

Lanterns of open stone work,
Hundred, a division of land first their origin, 377, Note.


Lancashire, summary of the popu. of effigies described, 529-531,
lation, 607.

figures of animals, how intro-
Leicestershire, summary of the duced, 531, 532; figures carv-
population, 608.

ed in wood, ib. ; funeral in-
Licences, for the constructing of scriptions, 533; representation

castles, granted by Henry the of the cross, by whom used,
Second, 341 ; by the Bishop ib.; various modes of bearing
of Durham, ibid. note; in the arins, 533, 534 ; sbrines, 535
reign of Richard the Second, --537. SEE SEPULCHRES.
342, note.

Money, the coining of, one of
Lincoloshire, summary of the the unalienable prerogatives of
population, 609.

the kings of Wales, 313. SEE
Logan, or Rocking stone, de Coins.
scription of, 76, 77.

Mouldings, Saxon, enumeration

of, by Mr. King, 279.
Marriage, different opinions con-

cerning the customs of, among
the ancient Britons, 43. Norfolk, summary of the popu.

-, Anglo-Saxon laws re lation, 615.
lating tv, 232.

Normans, SEE ANGLO - NOR-
Matilda, Duchess of Normandy, MANS.

munificently endows the abbey Northamptonshire, corrections to,
of the Holy Trinity, 369. 616-619; summary of popu.
Maximus, marries the daughter lation, 620.

of a British chief, 115; assume Northumberland, additions and
the government of Britain, 114; corrections to the county of,
defeats the Emperor Gratian, 621–631; copper mines, no-
jb.; betrayed by his own sol tice of, 621; Roman in.
diers, and put to death by scriplion, discovered at Blen-
Theodosius, ib.

kinsop, 622; further remarks
Medals, See Coins.

Roman inscription
Middlesex, additions and correc. noticed in the Beauties for

tions to the county of, 610 Northumberland, 623, 624 ;
613; poetical Register of the Kennel Park, 626; military
parish of Twickenham, 611, entrenchments supposed to
612; George Deare, the sculp) have been formed by the an-
tor, ib.; embankment and ditch

c'entBritons, 626, 627 ; mines,
on the border of Harrow Weald,

the property of his Grace the

Duke of Northumberland, ib.
Mile, Roman, opinions concern inscription discovered at Hawk-
ing, 173, 174,

hope hill, 628; Budle, village
Moninouthshire, summary of the of, 629; Fowbury Tower, the
populaiion, 614.

Seat of Sir Francis Blake, Bart.
Monuments, Sepulchral, 519 630; sommary of the popula-

539; manner of burial in, 520 lation, 631.
– 522; their various fashions de Nottinghamshire, corrections to,
scribed, 522 - 527 ; frequent 632; summary of the popula-
ly erecied in the church porch, tion, 633.
ib.; how far their sculptured

effigies may be considered as
portraits, 528; various attitudes Ordea!, trial by, 232.

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Oriuna, wife of. Carausius, her

life recorded in medallic his-

tory, 195.
Oxfordshire, additions and cor. Richard the Second, the first

rections to, 634-610; shrine prince who used supporters 10
of St. Frideswide, Christo his arins, 534.
church, 634; Clarendon Print- | Roads, British, 13, 14, 56-63;
ing house, 633; tapestry-inap! Roman, 161-174.
at Nuneham.Courtney, 636 ; | Rollo, a Norwegian chieftain, in-
Dorchester bridge, account ofl vades France, 314; embraces
its completion, 637 ; vestiges' the Christian religion, and
of a Roman villa discovered at founds the kingdom of Nor.
North-Leigh, 637; summary mandy, 315.
of the population, 640. Romans in Britain, transactions

of, 92-124; Julius Cæsar in-
vades Britain, 92; opposed by

Cassivellaunus, 93 ; Agricola
Paintings and tapestry used for the enters upon the government,

ornamenting of rooms in the 99; reduces several British na-
middle ages, 420, Note.

tions to obedience, 100; An.
Paveinent, tessellated, first used in toninus Pius erects a strong

Britain by the Romans, 185; rampart to the north of Ha-
· the mode of forming it describ: drian's wall, 103 ; Carausius
ed, 186.

endeavours to disjoin the pro.
Paul', St. Cathedral of, erected

vince of Britannia Romana Iroin
nearly on the site of a Roman | the parent state, 107 ; I beodo
prætorium, 146, Note.

sius appointed governor, 113;
Parish, an ecclesiastical division of defeats the Scots, Picts, &c.

Britain, 225; its origin, 226. 114; Gallio, supposed to defeat
Pateræ, or broad bowls, their use the northern tribes, 120 ; and

in Roman interments, 204. I to repair the wall of Severus,
Rendragon, or inilitary command.1 121 ; Romans finally quit Brie

er-in-chief, 26; office of, held | tain, ib.; different opinions
by Cassivelaunus and Caracta. concerning that event, ib. 124.
cus, ib.

Rutlandshire, corrections to, 641;
Phænicians, the first traders with summary of the population, ib.

Britain, 37.
Polybian and Hyginian moules of

encampment described, 143--

Sacrifices, nature of druidical, 29;
Population of ancient Britain, said to have been made on a

geographical survey of, 12-25. cromlech, in the Isle of Arran,
Portcullis, or berse, first intro. 81, Note.

duced by the Normans, 351, Saxons. See ANGLO-SAXONS.
Note; its use, ib.

Seulpture of the Romans, 199-
Pottery, the art of making, known 201 ; of the Anglo Saxo! s,?84;

to the ancient Britons, 39. of the Anglo Normans, 375;
Prison of castles. See Dun monumental sculpture, 528.

Sepulchres, Roman, 201—207 ;
Property, laws of succession to, Anglo-Saxon, 280-284; An-

glo-Danish, 307–311; English
and Welsh, 519-539.

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