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Brunswick were incorporated into one dominion under the name of Canada. The territory thus formed is divided into four provinces—Ontario, Quebec, Nova Scotia, and New Brunswick ; Ontario being the new name of the old province of Upper Canada, and Quebec the new title of Lower Canada. Ottawa is the capital of the new dominion. Various attempts have been made to separate Canada from the British crown, but hitherto without success. Whether, however, it remains part of our empire, becomes absorbed into another country, or forms an independent government of its own, its future is likely to be one of prosperity ; for the excellent soil and other natural advantages only require an increased population to render them still more productive. joyed, because its fruits and usages are transmitted to us by parts and by succession. He that hath all the world (if we can suppose such a man) cannot have a dish of fresh summer fruits in the midst of winter, not so much as a green fig; and very much of its possessions is so hid, so fugacious, and of so uncertain purchase, that it is like the riches of the sea to the lord of the shore ; all the fish and wealth within all its hollownesses are his, but he is never the better for what he cannot get; all the shell-fishes that produce pearls, produce them not for him ; and the bowels of the earth hide their treasures in undiscovered retirements ; so that it will signify as much to this great proprietor, to be entitled to an inheritance in the upper region of the air : he is so far from possessing all its riches, that he does not so much as know of them, nor understand the philosophy of its minerals.
EXERCISE.-55. COMPOSITION. 1. Account for the excessive cold of North America. 2. Compare the eastern coast of British America with the west.
3. Write out all that is said in this lesson about Newfoundland, altering as many of the words as you can.
4. W out what you know about the Niagara Falls.
5. Make a list of places mentioned in this lesson, classifying them into lakes, rivers, etc.
6. Why is the French language spoken in Lower Canada ?
WEALTH VERSUS ENJOYMENT.
BISHOP JEREMY TAYLOR,*
trans-i-ent [L. trans, across or beyond; eo, to go], momentary, of short duration, fleeting. fu-ga-cious (L. fugio, to flee), apt to flee away, volatile. vest-ments (L. vestio, to clothe], garments, clothes, com-pla-cen-cy (L. con, with; placeo, to please], satisfaction. SUPPOSE a man gets all the world, what is it that he gets ? It is a bubble and a phantasm, and hath no reality beyond a present transient use ; a thing that is impossible to be en
* JEREMY TAYLOR, the son of a barber, though the lineal representative of Dr. Rowland Taylor, who suffered martyrdom in the reign of Queen Mary, was born at Cambridge, in 1613, and died Bishop of Down and Connor, at Lisburn, Ireland, August 13, 1667. He was one of the most imaginative and eloquent of the divines of the Church of England in the seventeenth century, and he has been styled by some the “ Shakspeare,” and by others the “* Spenser” of our theological literature. His “ Holy Living” and “Holy Dying," are, perliups, the best and most popular of his numerous works.
I consider that he who is the greatest possessor in the world, enjoys its best and most noble parts, and those which are of most excellent perfection, but in common with the inferior persons, and the most despicable of his kingdom. Can the greatest prince enclose the sun, and set one little star in his cabinet for his own use, or secure to himself the gentle and benign influence of any one constellation ? Are not his subjects' fields bedewed with the same showers that water his gardens of pleasure ?
Nay, those things which he esteems his ornament and the singularity of his possessions, are they not of more use to others than to himself ? For suppose his garments splendid and shining, like the robe of a cherub, or the clothing of the fields-all that he that wears them enjoys, that they keep him warm, and clean, and modest : and all this is done by clean and less pompous vestments; and the beauty of them, which distinguishes him from others, is made to please the eyes of the beholders : the fairest face or the sparkling eye cannot perceive or enjoy its own beauties, but by reflection. It is I that am pleased with beholding his gaiety; and the gay man, in his greatest bravery, is only pleased because I am pleased with the sight : 50 borrowing his little and imaginary complacency from the delight that I have, not from any inherency in his own possession.
The poorest artisan of Rome, walking in Cesar's gardens, had the same pleasures which they ministered to their lord; and although, it may be, he was put to gather fruits to eat from another place, yet his other senses were delighted equally with Cæsar's : the birds made him as good music, the flowers gave him as sweet smells ; he there sucked as good air, and delighted in the beauty and order of the place, for the same reason and upon the same perception as the prince himself ; save only that Cæsar paid, for all that pleasure, vast sums of money, the blood and treasure of a province, which the poor man had for nothing. And so it is if the whole world should be given to any
He knows not what to do with it; he can use no more but according to the capacities of a man ; he can use nothing but meat, and drink, and clothes. He to whom the world can be given to any purpose greater than a private estate can minister must have new capacities created in him; he needs the understanding of an angel to take the accounts of his estate , he had need have a stomach like fire or the grave, for else he can eat no more than one of his healthful subjects; and unless he hath an eye like the sun, and a motion like that of a thought, and a bulk as big as one of the orbs of heaven,—the pleasures of his eye can be no greater than to behold the beauty of a little prospect from a hill, or to look upon a heap of gold packed up in a little room, or to dote upon a cabinet of jewels, better than which, there is no man that sees at all, but sees every day. For, not to name the beauties and sparkling diamonds of heaven, a man's, or a woman's, or a hawk's eye, is more beauteous and excellent than all the els of his crown. Understanding and knowledge are the greatest instruments of pleasure ; and he that is most knowing hath a capacity to become happy, which a less knowing prince, or a rich person, hath not; and in this only a man's capacity is capable of enlargement. But then, although they only have power to relish any pleasure rightly who rightly understand the nature, and degrees, and essences, and ends of things ; yet they that do so, understand also the vanity and unsatisfyingness of the things of this world : so that the relish, which could not be great but in a great understand
ing, appears contemptible, because its vanity appears at the same time : the understanding sees all, and sees through it.
EXERCISE.-56. COMPOSITION. 1. Give other phrases for the following: undiscovered retirements, singularity of his possessions, imaginary complacency, the essences and ends of things,
2. Contrast in your own words the amount of happiness possessed by Cæsar and the poorest Roman.
3. Enumerate the qualities which the author thinks necessary to the enjoyment of the world as a possession.
THE DEEDS OF WELLINGTON.
W. C. BENNETT.* fame [L. fama, from Gk. phemi, to say], renown, celebrity, good, or bad. con-quered (L. conquiro, to seek earnestly, from con, intensive; quæro, to seek], overcame, vanquished. checked (F. échec, a repulse}, stopped, hindered, repulsed.
Ay, many a year I followed him
Whose course of glory's run;
I fought with Wellington.
Through all his fields in Spain;
Nor yet shall see again!
I was not with him there,
Old soldiers can declare.
I've often heard them tell;
Be sure he did it well.
WILLIAM COX BENNETT was born at Greenwich, in 1820. His first volume of poems was published in 1847, and since that time his writings, which are natural in feeling and expression, have been held deservedly in estimation both in this country and America. He is an earnest philauthropist; and Miss Mitford, in speaking of his exertions in behalf of the inhabitants of his native town, says : "Greenwich can tell how much this young and ardent mind, aided by kindred spirits, has done in the way of baths and wash houses, and schools, and lectures, and libraries, and mechanics' institutes, to further the great cause of progress, mental and bodily."
'Tis nearly fifty years since then
Yet weil I mind the day-
To where the Frenchmen lay;
Laborde fought long and well; We beat him; how we beat Junot
Vimeira's field can tell.
They lost-we won, and that was all;
Pshaw! blunderers crossed our way; Sir Hugh-Sir Harry saved Junot,
And flung that work away.
Unchecked by such as these,
Across the Pyrenees.
Behind the Douro, Soult lay-safe ?
Why in his face 'twas forced; “Ha! ha!” he laughed, and watched us come,
And while he laughed, we crossed;
At Talavera, plain
To see their backs again.
Retreat came next. What ?-did we fly?
No! On Busaco's height
We little thought of flight;
We let the Marshal lie, -
He learned what 'twas to fly.
Good Lord ! that work was warm ! It makes one white to think of now, The night we tried to storm.