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WHITE.

MARKWICK. Pheasant's

eye (Adonis annua seu autumnalis of Smith) fil.

July 1.

April 11. July 15 Red eyebright (Euphrasia seu Bartsia odontites of Smith) fl.

July 2.

June 20.

Aug. 10 Thorough wax (Bupleurum rotundifol.) A. July 2. Cockle (Agrostemma Githago) A. July 2.

May 14. July 25 Ivy-leaved wild lettuce (Prenanthes muralis) A.

July 2.

June 2.

July 25 Feverfew (Matricaria seu Pyrethrum parthenium of Smith) fi.

July 2.

June 19. July 24 Wall pepper (Sedum acre) f.

July 3.

June 8. July 12 Privet (Ligustrum vulgare) fl.

July 3.

June 3. July 13 Common toadflax (Antirrhinum linaria) A.

July 3.

June 21. Aug. 3 Perennial wild flax (Linum perenne) fi. July 4.

Apr. 21. July 6 Whortle-berries ripe (Vaccinium ulig.) July 4–24. Yellow base rocket (Reseda lutea) A.

July 5.

July 19 Blue-bottle (Centaurea cyanus) fl. July 5.

May 15.

Oct. 14 Dwarf carline thistle (čarduus acaulis) f.

July 5-12. June 30. Aug. 4 Bull-rush or cats-tail (Typha latifolia) fi. July 6.

June 29. July 21 Spiked willow herb(Lythrum salicaria)t. July 6.

June 24. Aug. 17 Black mallein (Verbascum niger) Al. July 6. Chrysanthemum coronarium Hi.

July 6.

May 28. July 28 Marigolds (Calendula officinalis) il. July 6-9. Apr. 20. July 16 Little field madder (Sherardia arvensis)A. July 7.

Jan. 11. June 6 Calamint (Melissa seu Thymus calamintha of Smith) il.

July 7.

July 21 Black horehound (Ballota nigra) f. July 7.

June 16. Sept. 12 Wood betony (Betonica oficinalis) i. July 8–19. June 10. July 15 Round leaved bell-flower (Campanula rotundifolia) A.

July 8.

June 12. July 29 All-good(Chenopodium bonus Henricus)fil. July 8.

Apr. 21. June 15 Wild carrot (Daucus carota) f.

July 8.

June 7.

July 14 Indian cress (Epopeolum majus) il. July 8–20. June 11. July 25 Cat-mint (Nepeta cataria) fi.

July 9. Cow-wheat (Melampyrum sylvaticum pratense of Smith) A.

July 9.

May 2.

June 22 Crosswort (Valantia cruciata seu Galium cruciatum of Smith) f.

July 9.

April 10. May 28 Cranberries ripe

July 9–27. Tufted vetch (Vicia cracca) fl.

July 10.

May 31. July 8 Wood vetch (Vicia sylvat.) f.

July 10. Little throat-wort (Campanula glomerata) fi.

July 11,

July 28. Aug. 18 Sheep's scabious (Jasione montana) A. July 11.

June 10. July 25 Pastinaca sylv, fl.

July 12. White lily (Lilium candidum) fi.

July 12.

June 21. July 22 Hemlock (conium maculatum) i.

July 13.

June 4.

July 20 Caucalis anthriscus fi.

July 13. Flying ants ap.

July 13. Aug. 11 Aug. 20. Sept. 19 Moneywort (Lysimachia nummularia) A. July 13.

June 14. Aug. 16 Scarlet martagon (Lilium Chalcedoni. cum) A.

July 14. Aug. 4 June 21. Aug. 6 Lesser stitchwort (Stellaria graminea) fl. July 14.

May 8.

June 23 Fool's parsley (Æthusa cynapium) fl. July 14.

June 9. Aug. 9 Dwarf elder (Sambucus Ebulus) fi. July 14—29. Swallows and martins congregate July 14. Aug. 29 Aug. 12. Sept. 8 Potatoe (Solanum tuberosum) A.

JJuly 14,

June 3. July 12

WHITE.

MARKWICK. Angelica sylv. fl.

July 15. Digitalis ferrugin. fi.

July 15—25. Ragwort (Senecio jacoboa) fi.

July 15.

June 22. July 13 Golden rod (Solidago virgaurea) i. July 15.

July 7.

Aug. 29 Star thistle (Centaurea calcitrapa) i. July 16.

July 16. Aug. 16 Tree primrose (Oenothera biennis) i. July 16.

June 12. July 18 Peas (Pisum sativum) cut

July 17. Aug. 14 July 13. Aug. 15 Galega officin. fl.

July 17.
Apricots (Prunus armeniaca) ripe July 17. Aug. 21 July 5.
Clown's allheal (Stachys palustris) fl.

Aug. 16
July 17.

June 12. July 14 Branching Willow-herb (Epilobium ramos) A.

July 17. Rye harvest begins

July 17. Aug. 7 Yellow centaury (Chlora perfoliata) fi. July 18. Aug. 15 June 15. Aug. 13 Yellow vetchling (Lathyrus aphaca) il. July 18. Enchanter's nightshade (Circea lútetiana) fi.

July 18.

June 20. July 27 Water hemp agrimony (Eupatorium cannabinum) fl.

July 18.

July 4. Aug. 6. Giant throatwort (Campanula trachelium) fi.

July 19.

July 13. Aug. 14 Eyebright (Euphrasia oficinalis) il. July 19.

May 28. July 19 Hops (Humulus lupulus) il.

July 19. Aug. 10 July 20. Aug. 17 Poultry moult

July 19. Dodder(Cuscuta europæa seu epithymum of Smith) fl.

July 20.

July 9. Aug. 7 Lesser centaury (Gentiana seu Chironia centaurium of Smith) fi.

July 20.

Juue 3.

July 19 Creeping water parsnep (Sium nodiflorum) .

July 20.

July 10. Sept. 11 Common spurrey (Spergula arvensis) fl. July 21.

Apr. 10. July 16 Wild clover Trifolium pratense) f.

July 21.

May 2. June 7 Buckwheat (Polygonum fagopyrum) il. July 21.

June 27. July 10 Wheat harvest begins.

July 21. Aug. 23 July 11

Aug. 26 Great bur-reed (Sparganium erectum) il. July 22.

June 10. July 23 Marsh St. John's wort (Hypericum Elodes) fi.

July 22—31. June 16. Aug. 10 Sun-dew (Drosera rotundifolia) fl. July 22.

Aug. 1. March cinquefoil (Comarum palustre) i. July 22.

May 27.

Juyi'. Wild cherries ripe.

July 22. Lancashire asphodel (Anthericum 08sifragum) Al.

July 22.

June 21. July 29 Hooded willow-herb (Scutellaria galeri. culata) il.

July 23.

June 2.

July 31 Water dropwort (Enanthe fistulos) A. July 23. Horehound (Marrubium vulg.) fl. July 23. Seseli caruifol, i.

July 24. Water plantain (Alisma plantago) fl. July 24.

May 31. July 21 Alopecurus myosuroides A.

July 25. Virgin's bower (Clematis vitalba) il. July 25. Aug. 9 July 13. Aug. 14 Bees kill the drones

July 25. Teasel (Dypsacus sylvestris) i.

July 26.

July 16. Aug. 3 Wild marjoram (Origanum vulgare) il. July 26.

July 17. Aug. 29 Swifts (Hirundo apus) begin to depart July 27–29.

Aug. 5.
Small wild teasel (Dipsacus pilosus) fl. July 28, 29.
Wood sage (Teucrium scorodonia) fl. July 28.

June 17. July 24 Everlasting pea (Lathyrus latifolius) A. July 28.

June 20. July 30 Trailing St. John's wort (šypericum humifusum) fl.

July 29.

May 20. June 22

WHITR.

MARKWICK. White hellebore (Veratrum album) til. July 80.

July 18–22. Camomile (Anthemis nobilis) fi.

July 30.

June 21. Aug. 20 Lesser field Scabious (Scabiosa columbaria) f.

July 30.

July 13. Aug. 9 Sunflower (Helianthus multiflorus) il. July 31. Aug. 6 July 4.

Aug. 22 Yel. loosestrife (Lysimachia vulgaris) A. July 31.

July 2. Aug. 7 Swift (Hirundo apus) last seen

July 31. Aug. 27 Aug. 11. Oats (Avena sativa) cut

Aug. 1-16. July 26. Aug. 19 Barley (Hordeum sativum) cut

Aug. 1-26. July 27. Sept. 4 Lesser hooded willow-herb (Scutellaria minor) fi.

Aug. 1.

Aug. 8.
Middle fleabane (Inula dysenterica) il.

Sept. 7
Aug. 2.

July 7. Aug. 3
Apis manicata ap.

Aug. 2. Swallow-tailed butterfly (Papalio machaon) ap,

Aug. 2.

Apr, 20. June 7, last seen Whame or burrel fly (Estrus bovis) lays

(Aug. 28 eggs on horses

Aug. 3—19. Sow thistle (Sonchus arvensis) i. Aug. 3.

June 17. July 21 Plantain fritillary (Papilio cinxia) ap.

Aug. 3.
Yelluw succory (Picris hieracioides) A. Aug. 4.

June 6-25
Musca mystacea ap.
Cantbury bells (Campanula medium) A. Aug. 6.

June 5.

Aug. 11 Mentha longifol. fi.

Aug. 6. Carline thistle (Carlina vulgaris) A. Aug. 7.

July 21. Aug. 18 Venetian sumach (Rhus cotinus) il.

Aug. 7.

June 5. July 20 Ptinus pectinicornus ap.

Aug. 7. Burdock (Arctium lappa) fl.

Aug. 8.

June 17. Aug. 4 Fell.wort (Gentiana amarella) i.

Aug. 8. Sept. 3 Wormwood (Artemisia absinthium) fi. Aug. 8.

July 22. Aug. 21 Mugwort (Artemisia vulgaris) fl. Aug. 8.

July 9.

Aug. 10
S. Barn'by's thistle (Centaurea solstit.) f. Aug. 10.
Meadow saffron (Colchicum autumnalé)Aug. 10. Sept. 13 Aug. 15. Sept. 29
Mich'lmas daisy (Aster Tradescanti) i. Aug. 12. Sept. 27 Aug. 11, Oct. 8
Meadow rue (Thalictrum flavum) il. Aug. 14.
Sea holly (Eryngium marit.) f.

Aug. 14.
China aster (Aster chinensis) fi.

Aug. 14. Sept. 28 Aug. 6. Oct. 2 Boletus albus ap.

Aug. 14.

May 10. Less Venus looking-glass (Campanula hybrida) ft.

Aug. 15.

May 14. Carthamus tinctor. A.

Aug. 15. Goldfinch (Fringilla carduelis) young broods ap.

Aug. 15,

June 16.
Lapwings (Tringa vanellus) congregate Aug. 15. Sept. 12 Sept. 25. Feb. 4.
Black-eyed marble butterfly (Papilio
semele) ap.

Aug. 15.
Birds reassume their spring notes Aug. 16.
Devil's bit (Scabiosa succisa) fi.

Aug. 17.

June 22. Aug. 23 Thistle down floats

Aug. 17. Sept. 10 Ploughman's spikenard (Conyza squar. rosa)fl.

Aug. 18. Autumnal dandelion (Leontodon autumnale) ft.

Aug. 18.

July 25.
Flies abound in windows

Aug. 18.
Linnets (Fringilla linota) congregate Aug. 18. Nov. 1

Nov. 8
Bulls make their shrill autumnal noise Aug. 20.
Aster amellus fl.

Aug. 22
Balsam (Impatiens balsamina) fl. Aug. 23.

May 22. July 28 Milk thistle (Carduus marianus) il. Aug. 24.

Apr. 21. July 18 Hop-picking begins

Aug. 24. Sept. 17 | Sept. 1-15

Aug. 22.

WHITE.

MARKWICK.
Beech (Fagus sylvatica) turns yellow Aug. 24. Sept. 22 Sept. 6—29.
Soapwort (Saponaria oficinalis) il. Aug. 25.

July 19. Aug. 23
Ladies' traces (Ophrys spiralis) f. Aug. 27. Sept. 12 Aug. 18. Sept. 18
Small golden black-spotted' butterfly
(Papilio phloas) ap.

Aug. 29.
Swallow (Áirundo rustica) sings

Aug. 29.

Apr. 11. Aug. 20 Althoa frutex (Hibiscus syriacus) fl. Aug. 30. Sept. 2 July 20. Sept. 28 Great frittilary (Papilio paphia) ap:

Aug. 30.
Willow red under-wing moth (Phalana
pacta) ap.

Aug. 31.
Stone-curlew (Otis odionemus) clamours Sept. 1. Nov. 7 June 17.
Phælana russula ap.

Sept. 1.
Grapes ripen

Sept. 4. Oct. 24 Aug. 31. Nov. 4 Wood owls hoot

Sept. 4.

Nov. 9 Saffron butterfly (Papilio hyale) ap.

Sept. 4.

Aug. 5. Sept. 26
Ring ouzel appears on its autumnal visit Sept. 4—30.
Flycatcher (Muscicapa grisola) last seen Sept. 6—29. Sept. 4—30
Beans (Vicia faba) cut

Sept. 11.

Aug. 9.

Oct. 14 Ivy (Hedera helix) i.

Sept. 12.

Oct. 2 Sept. 18. Oct. 28
Stares congregate

Sept. 12. Nov. 1 June 4. Mar. 21
Wild honeysuckles il. a second time Sept. 25.
Woodlark sings

Sept. 28.

Oct. 24 Woodcock (Scolopax rusticola) returns Sept. 29.

Nov. 11 Oct. 1. Nov. 1, young ones

Apr. 28, last seen Apr. 11 Strawberry tree (Arbutus unedo) fl.

Oct. 1.

May 21.

Dec. 10 Wheat sown

Oct. 3. Nov. 9 Sept. 23. Oct. 19 Swallows last seen. (N.B.—The house martin the latest)

Oct. 4. Nov. 5 Nov. 16. Redwing (Turdus iliacus) comes

Oct. 10. Nov. 10 Oct.1. Dec.18, sings Feb. 10,

Mar. 21, last seen Apr. 13 Fieldfare (Turdus pilaris) returns Oct. 12. Nov. 23 Oct. 13. Nov. 18, last seen Gossamer fills the air

Oct. 15—27.

(May 1 Chinese holyoak (Alcea rosca) fl.

Oct. 19.

July 7. Aug. 21 Hen chaffinches congregate

Oct. 20. Dec. 31 Wood pigeons come

Oct. 23. Dec. 27 Royston crow (Corvus cornix) returns Oct. 23. Nov. 29 Oct. 13. Nov. 17, last seen

(Apr. 15 Snipe (Scolopax gallinago) returns Oct. 25. Nov. 20 Sept. 29. Nov. 11, last Tortoise begins to bury himself

Oct. 27. Nov. 26

(seen Apr. 14 Rooks (Corvus frugilegus) return to their nest trees

Oct. 31. Dec. 25 June 29. Oct. 20 Bucks grunt

Nov. 1. Primrose (Primula vulgaris) fl.

Nov. 10,

Oct. 7. Dec. 30 Green whistling plover ap.

Nov. 13, 14. Helvella mitra ap.

Nov. 16. Greenfinches flock

Nov, 27. Hepatica A.

Nov. 30 Dec. 29 Feb. 19. Furze (Ulex europaeus) i.

Dec. 4 - 21.

Dec. 16- 31. Polyanthus (Primula polyantha) fl. Dec. 7-16.

Dec. 31. Young lambs dropped

Dec. 11–27.

Dec. 12. Feb. 21
Moles work in throwing up hillocks Dec. 12-23.
Helleborus fætidus fil.

Dec. 14-30.
Daisy (Bellis
perennis) i.

Dec. 15.

Dec. 26-31. Wallflower (Cheiranthus cheiri seu fruticulosus of Smith) fi.

Dec. 15.

Nov.5. Mezereon fi.

Dec. 15.
Snowdrop fl.

Dec. 29.
IN SESE VERTITUR ANNUS.

OBSERVATIONS

IN

VARIOUS BRANCHES OF NATURAL HISTORY

Selected from White's MSS.

WITH NOTES BY WILLIAM MARKWICK

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