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A NATURALIST'S CALENDAR.

A COMPARATIVE VIEW

OF

THE NATURALIST'S CALENDAR,

As KEPT AT SELBORNE, IN HAMPSHIRE, BY THE LATE Rev. GILBERT WHITE,

M.A. ; AND AT CATSFIELD, NEAR BATTLE, IN SUSSEX, BY WILLIAM MARKWICK.
Esq., F.L.S., FROM THE YEAR 1768 TO THE YEAR 1793.

N.B.-The dates in the following Calendars, when more than one, express the earliest

and latest times in which the circumstance noted was observed.

of the abbreviations used, f. signifies flowering ; l. leafing; and ap. the first

appearance.

Apr. 9

WHITE.

MARKWICK. RED BREAST (Sylvia rubecula) sings Jan, 1-12

Jan. 3–31,

and again Oct. Larks (Alauda arvensis) congregate

Jan. 1-18
Oct. 16. Feb. 9

[6 Nuthatch (Sitta Europaea) heard

Jan. 1-14

Mar. 3.

Apr. 10 Winter aconite (Helleborus hiemalis) fl. Jan. 1. Feb. 18 Feb. 28. Apr. 17 Shelless snail or slug (Limax) ap.

Jan. 2.

Jan. 16. May 31 Gray wagtail (Motacilla boarula) ap.

Jan. 24. Mar. 23

Jan. 2-11 White wagtail (Motacilla alba) ap.

Dec. 12 Feb. 23 Missel thrusb (Turdus viscivorus) sings Jan. 2-14

Feb. 19. Apr. 14 Bearsfoot (Helleborus foetidus) fi.

Jan. 2. Feb. 14 Mar. 1.

May 5 Polyanthus (Primula Polyantha) fl. Jan. 2. Apr. 12 Jan. 1. Apr. 9 Double daisy (Bellis perennis plena) il. Jan. 2. Feb. 1 Mar. 17. Apr. 29 Mezereon (Daphne mezereum) i.

Jan. 3. Feb. 16 Jan. 2.

Apr. 4 Pansie (Viola tricolor) il.

Jan. 3.

Jan. 1. May 10 Red dead-nettle (Lamium purpureum) A. Jan. 3–21

Jan. 1. Apr. 5 Groundsel (Senecio vulgaris) if.

Jan. 3-15

Jan. 1. Hazel (Corylus avelana) f.

Jan. 3. Feb. 28 Jan. 21. Mar. 11 Hepatica (Anemone hepatica) il.

Jan. 4. Feb. 18 Jan. 17. Apr. 9 Hedge sparrow (Sylvia modularis) sings Jan, 5—12

Jan. 10. Mar. 13
Common flies (Musca domestica) seen in
numbers

Jan. 5. Feb. 3 May 15
Greater titmouse (Parus major) sings Jan. 6. Feb. 6 Feb. 17. Mar. 17
Thrush (Turdus musicus) sings

Jan. 6-22

Jan. 15. Apr. 4
Insects swarm under sunny hedges Jan. 6.
Primrose (Primula vulgaris) fi.

Jan. 6. Apr. 7 | Jan. 3. Mar. 22
Bees (Apis mellifica) ap.

Jan. 6. Mar. 19 Jan. 31. Apr. 11; last Gnats play about

Jan. 6. Feb. 3

(seen Dec. 30 Chaffinches, male and female (Fringilla coelebs), seen in equal numbers

Jan. 6-11

Dec. 2. Feb. 3
Furze or gorse (Ulea Europaeus) fl. Jan. 8. Feb. 1 Jan. 1. Mar. 27
Wallflower (Cheiranthus cheiri; seu fru-
ticulosus of Smith) i.

Jan. 8.

Apr. 1

Feb. 21. May 9 Stock (Cheiranthus incanus) A.

Jan. 8-12

Feb. 1. June 3
Emberiza alba (bunting) in great flocks Jan. 9.
Linnets (Fringilla linota) congregate

Jan. 9.

Jan. 11

Apr. 27.

WHITE

MARKWICK. Lambs begin to fall

Jan. 9-11

Jan. 6. Feb. 21 Rooks (Corvus frugilegus) resort to their nest trees

Jan. 10.

Feb. 11 Jan. 23.
Black hellebore (Helleborus niger) A. Jan. 10,
Snowdrop (Galanthus nivalis) i.

Jan. 10. Feb. 5 Jan. 18. Mar. 1
White dead nettle (Lamium album) A. Jan. 13.

Mar. 23. May 10 Trumpet honeysuckle fl.

Jan. 13. Common creeping crow-foot (Ranunculus repens) A.

Jan. 13.

Apr. 10. May 12 House sparrow (Fringilla domestica) chirps

Jan. 14.

Feb. 17.

May 9 Dandelion (Leontodon taraxacum) fi. Jan. 16. Mar. 11 Feb. 1. Apr. 7 Bat (Vespertilio) ap.

Jan. 16. Mar. 24. Feb. 6. June 1, last seen Spiders shoot their webs

Jan. 16.

(Nov. 20 Butterfly ap:

Jan. 16.

Feb. 21. May 8, last seen Brambling (Fringilla montifringilla) ap. Jan. 16.

Jan. 10—31

(Dec. 22 Blackbird (Turdus merula) whistles Jan. 17.

Feb. 16. May 13 Wren (Sylvia troglodytes) sings

Jan. 17.

Feb. 7. June 12 Earthworms lie out

Jan. 18 Feb. 8 Crocus (Crocus vernus) il.

Jan. 13. Mar. 18 Jan. 20. Mar. 19 Skylark (Alauda arvensis) sings

Jan. 21.

Jan. 12. Feb. 27, sings till Ivy casts its leaves

Jan. 22.

(Nov. 13 Helleborus hiemalis ii.

Jan. 22-24 Feb. 28. April 17 Common dor or clock (Scarabæus stercorarius)

Jan. 23.

Feb. 12. Apr. 19, last seen Peziza acetabulum ap.

Jan. 23.

(Nov. 24 Helleborus viridis fi.

Jan. 23 Mar. 5 Hazel (Corylus avellana) fi.

Jan. 23. Feb. 1 Jan. 27. Mar. 11 Woodlark (Alauda arborea) sings

Jan. 24. Feb, 21 Jan, 28. June 5
Chaffinch (Fringilla coelebs) sings

Jan. 24. Feb. 15 Jan. 21. Feb. 26
Jackdaws begin to come to churches Jan. 25. Mar. 4
Yellow wagtail (Motacilla flava) ap.

Jan. 25. Apr. 14 Apr. 13. July 3, last seen Honeysuckle (Lonicera periclymenum)l. Jan. 25.

Jan. 1. Apr. 9 (Sept. 8 Field or procumbent speedwell (Veronica agrestis) ft.

Jan. 27. Mar. 15. Feb. 12. Mar. 29 Nettle butterfly (Papilio Urticce) ap. Jan. 27. Apr. 2

Mar. 5. Apr. 24, last seen White wagtail (Motacilla alba) chirps Jan, 28.

Mar. 16.

(June 6 Shell snail (Helix nemoralis) ap.

Jan. 28. Feb. 24 Apr. 2. June 11
Earthworms engender

Jan. 30.
Barren strawberry (Fragaria sterilis) H. Feb. 1. Mar. 26 Jan. 13. Mar. 26
Blue titmouse (Parsus cæruleus) chirps Feb. 1.

Apr. 27.
Brown wood owls hoot

Feb. 2. Hen (Phasianus gallus) sits

Feb. 3.

Mar. 8 hatches Marsh titmouse begins his two harsh sharp notes

Feb. 3. Gossamer floats

Feb. 4,

Apr. 1 Musca tenax ap.

Feb. 4.

Apr. 8 Larustine (Viburnum tinus) fl.

Feb. 5.

Jan. 1. Butcher's broom (Ruscus aculeatus) il. Feb. 5.

Jan. 1. May 10 Fox (Canis vulpes) smells rank

Feb. 7.

May 19, young brought Turkey-cocks strut and gobble

Feb. 10.

[forth Yellowhammer (Emberiza citrinella) sings

Feb. 12.

Feb. 18

Apr. 28 Brimstone butterfly (Papilio Rhamni)ap. Feb. 13.

Apr. 2

Feb. 13, Mar. 8, last seen Green woodpecker (Picus viridis) makes

(Dec. 24 a loud cry

Feb. 13. Mar. 23 Jan. 1. Apr. 17 (June 1 Raven (Corvus Corax) builds

Feb. 14-17.

Apr. 1.

has young ones Yew tree (Taxus baccata) fl.

Feb. 14. Mar. 27) Feb. 2.

Apr. 11 Colesfoot (Tussilago farfara) fl.

Feb. 15. Mar. 23 Feb. 18. Apr. 13

Apr. 5

Apr. 20

Apr. 2

WHITE

MARKWICK. Rooks (Corous frugilegus) build

Feb. 16. Mar. 6 Feb. 28. Mar. 6 Partridges (Perdix cinerea) pair

Feb. 17.

Feb. 16. Mar, 20 Peas (Pisum sativum) sown

Feb. 17. Mar. 8 | Feb. 8. Mar. 31 House pigeon (Columba domestica) has young ones

Feb. 18.

Feb. 8. Field crickets open their holes

Feb. 20. Mar. 30 Common flea (Pulex ir ар. .

Feb. 21-26. Pilewort (Ficaria verna) fi.

Feb. 21. Apr. 13 Jan. 25. Mar. 26 Goldfinch (Fringilla carduelis) sings

Feb. 21. Apr. 5 Feb. 28. May 5 (Oct. 28 Viper (Coluber berus) ap.

Feb. 22. Mar. 26 Feb. 23. May 6, last seen Woodlouse (Oniscus asellus) ap.

Feb. 23, Apr. 1 Apr. 27. June 17 Missel thrushes pair

Feb. 24. Daffodil (Narcissus pseudonarcissus) A.

Feb. 24.

Apr. 7

Feb. 26. April 18 Willow (Salix alba) i.

Feb. 24.

Apr. 2

Feb. 27. Apr. 11 Frogs (Rana temporaria) croak

Feb. 25.

Mar. 9. Sweet violet (Viola odorata) A.

Feb. 26. Mar. 31 Feb. 7.

Apr. 5
Phalaena Tinea vestianella ap.

Feb. 26.
Stone curlew (Otis ædicnemus) clamours Feb. 27. Apr. 24 June. 17.
Filbert (Corylus sativus) fl.

Feb. 27.

Jan. 25. Mar. 26
Ring-dove coos

Feb. 27.
Apr. 5
Mar. 2.

Aug. 10
Apricot tree (Prunus armeniaca) A. Feb.

Feb. 28. Apr. 5 Toad (Rana bufo) ap.

Feb. 28. Mar. 24. Mar. 15. July 1 Frogs (Rana temporaria) spawn

Feb. 28 Mar. 22 Feb. 9. Apr. 10, tadpoles Ivy-leaved speedwell (Veronica hederifo

(Mar. 19 lia) f.

Mar. 1.

Feb. 16. Apr. 10 Peach (Amygdalus Persica) fl.

Mar. 2.

Apr. 17 Mar. 4. Apr. 29 Frog (Rana temporaria) ap.

Mar. 2.

Apr. 6

Mar. 9.
Shepherd's purse (Thlaspi bursa pastoris)
A1.

Mar. 3.

Jan. 2.

Apr. 16 Pheasant (Phasianus Colchicus) crows Mar. 3—29.

Mar, 1.

May 22 Land tortoise comes forth

Mar. 4.

May 8
Lungwort (Pulmonoria officinalis) il. Mar. 4. Apr. 16 Mar. 2. May 19
Podura fimetaria ap.

Mar. 4.
Aranea scenica saliens ap.

Mar. 4. Scolopendra forficata ap.

Mar.6-16. Wryneck (Jynx torquilla) ap.

Mar. 5. Apr. 25 Mar. 26. Apr. 23, last seen Goose (Anas anser) sits on its eggs

Mar. 5.

Mar. 21.

(Sept. 14 Duck (Anas boschas) lays

Mar. 6.

Mar. 28. Dog's violet (Viola canina) fi.

Mar. 6. Apr. 18 Feb, 28. Apr. 22 Peacock butterfly (Papilio Io) ap.

Mar. 6.

Feb. 13. Apr. 20, last seen Trouts begin to rise

Mar. 7-14, Field beans (Vicia faba) planted

Mar. 8.

Apr. 29 emerge Bloodworms appear in the water

Mar. 8. Crow (Corvus Corone) builds

Mar. 10.

July 1 has young ones Oats (Avena sativa) sown

Mar. 10–18. Mar. 16. Apr. 13 Golden-crowned wren (Sylvia regulus)

(Dec. 23. Jan. 26 sings

Mar. 12. Apr. 30 Apr. 15. May. 22, seen Asp (Populus tremula) f.

Mar. 12.

Feb. 26. Mar. 28 Common elder (Sambucus nigra) 1. Mar. 13-20.

Jan. 24. Apr. 22 Laurel (Prunus laurocerasus) A.

Mar. 15. May 21 Apr. 2.

May 27 Chrysomela Gotting. ap.

Mar. 15. Black ants (Formica nigra) ap.

Mar. 15. Apr. 22 Mar. 2. May 18 Ephemerce bisetæ ap.

Mar. 16. Gooseberry (Ribes grossularia) 1.

Mar. 17. Apr. 11 Feb. 26. Apr. 9 Common stitchwort(Stellaria holostea) A. Mar. 17. May 19 Mar. 8. May 7 Wood anemone (Anemone nemorosa) A. Mar. 17. Apr. 22 Feb. 27. Apr. 10 [19 Blackbird (Turdus Merula) lays

Mar. 17.

Apr. 14, young ones May Raven (Corvus Corax) sits

Mar. 17.

Apr. 1 builds [Oct 26 Wheatear (Sylvia Enanthe) ap.

Mar. 18-36. Mar. 13. May 23, last seen

(Dec. 25

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