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wrote, believing he had but a and have children endowed language to teach, while in with the faculties of all their fact he had two minds to culs senses, and who will be the tivate ! Hosv painful, how dif. comforters and protectors of ficult were the first essays of their parents in their old age. the inventor! Deprived of all (The United States is the first assistance, in a career full of country where I have seen thorns and obstacles, he was a one or two deaf and dumb little embarrassed, but was fathers, some of whose chil. not discouraged. He armed dren are deaf and dumb like himself with patience, and themselves. Will this prove succeeded, in time, to restore that the Americans are worse his pupils to Society and Rethan Europeans ? By no means. ligion.

It is the result of natural causMany years after, and before es, which I shall explain hero. his method could have attain. after.) Many others of the ed the highest degree of per. Deaf and Dumb are the infection, of which it was sus- structers of their companios ceptible, death came and re- of misfortune. Many others moved that excellent father are employed in the offices of from his grateful children. government and other public Affliction was in all hearts. administrations. Many othFortunately the Abbé Sicard ers are good painters, sculpwho was chosen for his suc

tors, engravers, workers in cessor, caused their tears to Mosaic, while others exercise

He was a man of pro- mechanical arts; and some found knowledge and of a others are merchants and mind very enterprising. Ev- transact their own business ery invention or discovery, perfectly well ; and it is eduhowever laudable and inge- cation which has thus enabled nious it may be, is never quite them to pursue these differright in its beginning. Time ent professions. An unedy. only makes it perfect. The cated Deaf and Dumb would clothes, Shoes, hats, watches, never be able to do this. Let houses, and everything of us now speak of instruction, our ancestors, were not as el- and say what Mr. Sicard did egant and refined as those of while teaching me. By readthe present century. In like ing or hearing this, you may manner was the method of the pretty well judge how we Abbé de L’Egée. Mr. Sicard teach the American Deaf and reviewed it and made perfect Dumb. what had been left to be de. The sight of all the objects vised, and had the good for- of nature which could be plactune of going beyond all the ed before the eyes of the Deaf disciples of his Predecessor. and Dumb, the representation His present pupils are now of those objects, either hy worthy of him, and I do not drawing, by painting, by sculpbelieve them any longer un ture, or by the natural sigris, happy. Many are married, which the Deaf and Dumb

cease.

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employ, or invent themselves, communication between one or understand with an equal man and another. facility; the expression of the It is by this method that Mr. will and passions, by the mere Sicard has brought the Deaf movement of the features, and Dumb to the knowledge combined with the attitude and of all the kinds of words, of gestures of the body; writing which a language is composed, traced, or printed, or express- of all the modifications of ed by conventional signs for those words, of their variaeach letter, or even simply tions and different senses ; in figured in the air, offered to short, of all their reciprocal. Mr. Sicard many means of in- influence. structing those unfortunate be

He advanced a step further, ings, to whom he had resolve and the access to the highest ed to d'eyote his life.

conceptions of the human mind Mr. Sicard's first steps, and was opened to them. Mr. Si. even the difficulties presented card has found it easy to make to him by his pupils, made them pass from abstract ideas, him soon feel the necessity of to the most sublime truths of proceeding according to the religion. They have felt that . strictest method, and of fixing this soul, of which they have their ideas as

as the the consciousness, is not a knowledge they were progres- fictitious existence, is not an sively acquiring, permanently abstract existence created by in their memory, so that what the mind ; but a real existthey already knew, might have ence, which wills and which an immediate connection with produces movement, which what they were to learn ; his sees, which thinks, which repupils unable to comprehend flects, which compares, which him, if the instruction which meditates, which remembers, he wished to give them, did which foresees,which believes, not coincide with that which which doubts, which hopes, they had received before ; for which loves, which hates. thus. they stopped his pro. After this, he directed their gress, and he could not ac- thoughts towards all the physcomplish his purpose but by ical existences submitted to resuming the chain of their their view through the imideas, and constantly following mensity of space, or on the the uninterrupted line from globe which we inhabit ; and the known to the unknown. the regularity of the march It was thus that he succeeded of the sun and all the celestial in making them comprehend bodies ; the constant succesthe language of the country sion of day and night ; the rein which he instructed them. turn of the seasons ; the life This natural method is appli- the riches and the beauty os cable to all languages It nature ; made them feel ihat proceeds the surest and nature also had a soul, of whiclı shortest way, and may be ap- the power, the action, and the plied 10 all the channels of immensity, extend througl. every thing existing in the li- third of the Address. When niverse ; a soul which create's it shall have been duly conall, inspires all, and preserves sidered that Mr. Clerc, the 'all. Filled with these great writer of these paragraphs, ideas, the Deaf and Dumb has been deaf and dumb from have prostrated themselves his birth-that he was first on the earth, along with Mr. educated in the French lanSicard himself, and he has guage, and afterwards acquir. told them that this soul of na. ed the English, without ever ture, is that God, whom all hearing or speaking a word, men are called upon to wor- the Address will be regarded ship, to whom our temples are as a wonderful production, raised, and with whom our re- and also as affording proof, ligious doctrines and ceremo- that the author possesses nies connect us from the cra

well

strong powers of mind, and dle to the grave.

that the lostitution for teachAll was now done ; and Mr. ing the deaf and dumb is worSicard found himself able to thy of encouragement. Fifty open to his pupils, all the years ago such an address sublime ideas of religion, and from a man who had always all the laws of virtue and of been deaf and dumb would morals."

probably have appeared miThe extracts are about one raculous.

an

STATE OF 6OCIETY IN VIRGINÍA. In a léitér to the Editor of the contrary, stabbing, shooting the Vermont Intelligencer, and cudgelling are among the which appeared in that paper monthly items of news in this Sept. th, we have ac. part of the country. You will count of the state of Society form some idea of the real state in Virginia which is truly af- of society here when I assure fecting. The letter was dated you that nine tenths of the «Nottaway county, Virginia." people go armed, when in pubIt was occasioned by a report lic, either with pistols, dirks, of a duel between two Doctors' stillettos or shillalas, and some with dirks, which had been in- armed cap-a-fie with all tocorrectly stated in the Intelli- gether. This is brought about gencer. After correcting that in a great measure by the diaccount and stating another of visions and subdivisions of. a similar nature, the letter is party. We have among us closed with the following re- Jeffersonians, Madisonians, inarkable paragraph :

Randolphites, Gilesites and “ Thus, Sir, I have given Burrites, &c. &c all of whom vou a specimen of the state of are arranged into separate inorals, manners and society clans or parties, and, every rein the “ Ancient Dominion.” turning election, form so many The cases here cited are far distinct phalanxes, all violentfrom being uncommon. On ly opposed to all parties and

í

State of Society in Virginia.

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candidates except their own. armed, would they not be reIn this county and many others, garded as barbarians as men in the wrangle and scramble who have no confidence in for offices, regular and syste- their brethren, or as men who matic parties have been form- have a strong propensity to éd.who bear to each other the murder ? Those who thus go most deadly hatred, and whose' armed probably imagine that corruption, intrigue, personal by this measure they evince abuse and flagrant outrage courage and heroism ; but the were never equalled by the fact is the reverse-they emost active and boisterous vince either a cowardly or a demagogues of either party in revengeful spirit, and perhaps the Northern States.'

both. Why should they arın We cannot but hope that but from a fear of being inthis account is in some re- jured, or a desire to injure spects exaggerated. But if it others ? be true that in Virginia o nine How wretched must be the tenths of the people go armed condition of slaves in Virgin. with pistols or dirks," or other ia, when such is the state of instruments of murder, the society among their masters ! state of society is barbarous and to what cause can we more indeed. Such preparations for rationally impute the

slow war are a proof that men have · progress of civilization in that little confidence in God or in state, than to the unfavourable each other that they estimate influence of slavc-holding on human life at a low rate, and the human character ? Let that they have a strong pro- the people of New England be pensity, to acts of violence. truly thankful that they are Men of pacific principles, who not slave holders ; and let love their neighbours as them- them also be thankful that selves, will not evince such a party spirit has not yet condisposition to be always ready verted them into such barbato fight. These preparations rians that they cannot appear for war are proofs of a fero- in public without being armed cious disposition, and they

and they with pistols or dirks render every man's life more Since writing the preceding insecure than it would be in remarks, a gentleman who has the entire absence of all such travelled much in the westein preparations

States, has assured us that Would not every humane what the above paragraph afand reflecting man be shocked firms of the people of Virginto see the people of Boston, ia is true of the people of or of any other town in this most of the Western States state, go to their public meet- that it is a general custom to ings armed with pistols or travel armed with both pistols dirks, ready to fight and shed and dirks. He observed howeach others blood! If any in- ever that the custom was less dividuals should be known to general in Ohio than in the appear at town meetings thus other States ; that when he Vol. VI. No, 10,

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went into those regions he was that they may be always ready shocked at the custom, but, to fight one another, are not being there a considerable likely to possess more kind time, it became familiar to him, sentiments or more humane and he armed according to the feelings towards their red fashion of the country.

brethren. Unless, therefore, These facts may account something can be done to for our wars with the Indians ; civilize our own people and and they afford strong grounds abolish this savage custom of of suspicion that the murders going armed, we may expect which have been imputed to that murders will be the indians, were either com- and more multiplied, and that mitted by the white savages,

our nation will be cursed with or by the Indians in revenge frequent wars with the Indians, of wrongs done to them.- till it becomes accountable for White people who are so sav. the blood of the surviving age-so fond of fighting, or tribes. so revengeful as to go armed

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POETRY.
From the New-England Galaxy.

" GOD IS THERE." The following sacred Melody was written by Mrs. Rowson of

Boston, and originally sung at the Oratorio performed by the Handel and Haydn Society.

In life's gay spring enchanting hours !
When every path seems deck'd with flowers :
When folly in her giddy round,
Presents the cup with plcasure crowned ;
Wher love, and joy, and young delight,
Give to the moments rapid flight ;
Touch not the cup, avoid the snare-
Where'er thou art, think God is there !
When manhood treads with steps secure,
Then mad ambition throws her lure.
Behold ! up glory's dangerous steep,
Where widows mourn and orphans weep;
And laurels on the hero's head,
Are stained with blood a crimson red ;
Then, ere the battle's rage you dare,
Pause, and reflect that God is there !
When age, approaching, warps the heart,
And avarice plays its niggard part ;
When self-love every passion stills,
And every finer impulse chills;

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