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300

“ The whole may be thus characterized :

1st. Blacks, vative Africans or descendants, 662d. Mixed race from whites and blacks, whites and na

tive Indians, native Indians and blacks, Asiatics and

whites, Asatice and blacks, 66 3d. Aboriginals, 65 4th. Asiatics, principally Malays,

800

Total,

1100

POETRY.

CHRISTMAS HYMN-BY G. CARSEER.

Men of Peace and Warriors. Sung hymns to God, ye sons of peace: Ye sons of war the battle ends : The sounds of war and battle cease ; Embrace your enemies as friends ; The Prince of peace is come :

In love togetber meet : No longer foes in armour shine, The helmet, sword and quiver yield, No longer roars along the line And freely cast the spear and shield The loud, tremendous drum.

At Jesus' peaceful feet. No longer garments, whelm'd in blood, Confess that cruel was your rage, Offend your sight, no more the flood

And let not hist'ry's glaring page Of crimson dies the plain ;

Again delude mankind ; No longer murder's rapid car For ravag'd fields and towns in flames Rolls fiercely, in the field of war, Add no just glory to your names, O'er mountains of the slain.

Nor dignify the mind

INTELLIGENCE,

ON EARTH.

SECOND ANNUAL REPORT OF THE lar to each member. From this stateMASSACHUSETTS PEACE SOCIETY. ment it must be evident that the pecu

niary means have not comported with On this Second Anniversary of the the magnitude of the object--PEACE Massachusetts Peace Society its offi. cers have the pleasure of announcing At the Annual Meeting of the last to their brethren, that the God of year there remained on hand, of the peace has smiled on the efforts for Sermon on War 590 copies-of the diffusing the pacific principles of his first Circular Letter 230." These, ex. beloved Son, -and has given great en. cepting a few copies, have been gra. couragement for more powerful and tuitously distributed ; and 1500 copies persevering exertions.

of a second Circular Letter have been It is however proper to observe, printed for the Committee of Inquiry, that in representing the success of the and distributed by them. In addition Society as great, respect is had to the to these the Executive Committee means employed. in any other view have distributed 355 copies of the great effects are not to be expected Solemn Review, and 2696 of the sevfrom such limited means as have hith. eral Numbers of the Friend of Peace. erto been at the command of the Ex- This statement includes what the ecutive Committee. The funds of members of the society have received the Society have principally consisted according to the Constitution. of the annual subscriptions of one dol. The gratuitous distributions have Vol. VI...No. 1.

not been confined to this State nor to Editors of Newspapers and Periodica the United States ; they have been ex. Works, this society is under obligatended to Canada, Nova Scotia and tions for friendly and gratuitous aid in New-Brunswick, on this continent ; to the good cause France and Russia, on the continent The Divine influence in favour of of Europe; to Asia, by the Congrega- peace has not been confined to the tional and Baptist Missionares ; to United States We have friends and various parts of the island of Great coadjutors in the neighbouring British Britain, and to St. Domingo

So fir

Provinces, and in different parts of as information has been obtained the Europe. In London a Society has Tracts have been gratefully received, been formed for the Promotion of and have generally procured friends to Permanent and Universal Peace, bethe objects of the society It has been tween which and this society a corresparticu'arly the aim of the Executive pondence has commenced The letCommittee to excite the attention of ter from the London Society, of June men of intelligence and respectability, · 18th, intorms that they had then printwhose opinions and exertions would ed 2.000 Tracts, besides 20,000 copies have influence on others. In this at- of an Address to the public ; and that tempt they have been successful they were preparing to translate some

In the course of the last year the of their Tr:cts into foreign languages, society has been increased by the ad. and to introduce the subject among dition of 131 members. The whole the neighbouring nations. From the number, so far as reports have been character of several of their Commit. made, is 304* -of which 80 are minis- tee, whose names are known in this ter, of religion ; and the greater part country, we may anticipate persever. of the new members are persons of ing exertions and favourable results. respectable standing and infuence. In the enumeration of auspicious

But in estimating the prospects of occurrences, the letters from His Majsuccess we are not limited to wbat has

esty the Emperor of Russia, and His been done by this society, we may Excellency Prince Galitzin are worthy justly take into view the exertions of of particular notice-as containing a others in the same cause.

pledge that their “power and influ. In our own country two societies ence shall be employed in striving to have been formed in the course of the secure to the nations the blessings of yearthe Peace Society of Maine, that peace which they now enjoy." and the Cayuga Peace Society. Sev. Nor should their condescension and eral others have been proposed if not goodness be forgotten in sending their actually established.

letters in our own language. We can The Society in Obio has been divid. hardly conceive how their letters ed into four organized branches ; and could have more clearly expressed the last accounts stated a probability their approbation of the object of the that another braneb would soon be society, or have been better adapted formed, including a part of Indiana. to encourage our hearts The Ohio Society has published in On receiving these letters, believing the course of the year 8000 copies of it would be agreeable to Prince Galit. several Numbers of the Friend of zin, the Trustees elected him an Hon. Peace, the most of which had been orary Member of the Massachusetts disposed of in October. The society Peace Society--which measure they consists of more than 100 members, hope will be approved by this meet. among wliom are some respectable ing. clergymen and statesmen

Many agreeable letters have been Several of the pamphlets which received in the course of the year : have been circulated by the Massachu. from which, as well as from verbal insetts Peace Society. have gone through telligence, it appears that prior to the five or six editions in different parts establishment of Peace Societies, a of this country ;-all of them have far greater number of Christians than been reprinted, excepting the last Cir. was generally supposed, had been cular Letter and the Tenth Number shocked by the contrast between the of the Friend of Peace. To the New. spirit and practice of war, and the England Tract Society, and to several precepts and example of the Messiah.

• More than 20 names have since been reported.

It has also appeared that the minds Not only is war the greatest scourge of other reflecting men have been re. and curse of nations the means of markably open to receive light on the despotism, oppression, poverty and subject of war, and that but little at- wo, but it ever involves the most fa. tention has been necessary to convince grant injustice, and crimes of the them, that war is not a fruit of that deepest die. The fame of the con. wisdom which is from above. Some queror, which resounds through tie who have doubted the practicability world, results from multiplying ten of abolishing war, have professed a thousand fold the sin of Cain and the belief that the exertions of Peace So. most atrocious crimes of unlicensed cieties will do much good, that they robbers and pirates. All that one will cause statesmen more seriously nation gains by war is so much lost to to reflect on the subject and thus pre- another, or to suffering individuals ; vent so frequent a recurrence of the and nineteen out of twenty of the con. calamity as wouidotherwise take place. quering nation are real suffe rers by This, it will be perceived, is admitting what is calied a successful war enough to justify the greatest exer. To this catalogue of evils we may tions

add, that war is the grand reservatory But if it be correct to infer from and hotbed af vice and crinie--from what has been done with very limited which every country is filled with feexpense and exi-rtion, what might be lons, wlio live by depredation, till done by more ample means and ef. they find their way to the prison or forts, there will be no room to doubt the gallows. that a hundredth part of the annual To effect the abolition of such a expenditures of Christian nations in custom, what exertions can be too preparing for war, if judiciously em- gieat ! Only to save such a town as ployed, would be sufficient, in twenty Boston from the fate of Moscow, or years, to abolish the custom from every from the usual calamities of a city country on which the gospel sbines. taken by assault, would justify the ex

It does not require a learned educa. pense of a hundred millions of dollars, tion, nor much reflection, to convince and ten years of benevolent exertion men of common sense, that War is the throughout the United States. If Enemy and Peace the Friend of man. this be doubted, let fancy for a mo. kind What if some men have been ment apply to this town the sacking enriched by war ; is it not obvious of a city taken by storm ;-a hundred that they must have fat:ened on the thousand ferocious troops-iet loose spoils and blood of their brethren of from all restraint, inflamed by maliganother country, or on the toil and op- nity, avarice and lust-plundering or · pression of their fellow citizens ? burning your property according to What if others complain that they have their pleasure-filling your streets been impoverished and ruined by and houses with massacre and blood, peace; is it not clear that the founda. violation and death! Say not that tion of their bankruptcy was laid in such a scene in Boston is impossible. the preceding war, or in their own For to such horrors every town and improvident thirst for gain ?-But to city on earth is now liable, in conse. one who is a gainer by war, thousands quence of the popularity which has are sufferers ; and to one who suffers been given to war as a just and hon. by peace, thousands are gainers. Be ourable mode of deciding the controsides, the existence of such a custom versies of Rulers. If no means are as war for the settlement of disputes, in operation to prevent it, better ao subjects every thing to hazard, and dapted to the purpose than prepara. renders insecure the most prosperous tions for war, it may safely be said, and flourishing conditions of commu. that Boston is more likely to be sack. nities and individuals. This year ed within ten years to come. than Mos. they may be surrounded with every cow was ten years ago. To save this earthly comfort ; the next they may town, and all the towns and cities of be reduced to beggary or butchered the world from such horrible scenes by an army of ferocious and licensed is the object of Peace Societies. In. robbers, urged on by a Christian gov. deed it embraces the virtue and hap. ernment !

piness of the whole human family.

WARDS MEN

If ther there be any institution in not only the Anniversary of the Mas. which all mankind are interested, and sachusetts Peace Society, but also of which claims the favour and patronage the Annunciation of the Pacific Alliof all, such are societies for the aboli

ance in Europe, and of the birth of the tion of war and the promotion of Prince of Peace ; who has taught us peace.

to love our enemies.to bless and Were there only a probability of ctil'se not. In two of the neighboursuch partial success as the doubting ing states, this day has been set apart friends of the society admit, the ob- for public thanksgiving and praise. ject would justify the fervent prayers May we not then rejoice in the belief and vigorous exertions of every Chris. that much will have been done in tian in every country But there is various parts of the world to aid the something more than a probability of cause for which we are assembled. partial success; there is a moral cer. May we not also indulge the pleasing tainty of complete success-provided, hope that CHRISTMAS will henceforth that exertions be made corresponding be generally appropriated to the work with the importance of the object of promoting the design of the Sav. And every cent which is given in this iour's mission,—that the anthem of cause, may be the means of saving a angels will be be better understood, hundred dollars in war taxes ;-and that on each successive return of this what is still more important, every season the temples of the Lord in every cent may save a soul from death and land will be crowded with worshiphide a multitude of sins. For the pers, and resound with the songcause is the Lord's, and he will give GLORY TO GOD IN THE HIGHEST effect to benevolent exertions.

ON EARTH PEACE-GOOD WILL TO. In this age the eye of benevolence has discovered that preventing evil is entitled to the front rank among the various modes of doing good, and that it is much better to prevent paų.

GOSPEL AMONG perism, beggary and crime, by sea

INDIANS AND OTHERS IN sonably providing the means of virtu.

NORTH AMERICA-Nov. 6. 1817. ous education and employment, than to support paupers, beggars and crim.

Of this valuable Report we can inals in a state of idleness and vice give only the outlines and principal May we not then reasonably presume

fácts. The Report contains pleasing that it will soon be discovered, that it

accounts of the labours of the Misis much better and cheaper, as well sionaries employed by the Society: as more christian, to prevent war by Rev. Dr. N. Porter in Fryeburg and pacific means, than to support such a

the vicinity ; Rev. Asa Piper in the barbarous, expensive and all-devour. ricinity of Belfast ; Rev. Daniel Love. ing custom ? And that “the most no- joy at Robbinston and vicinity ; Rev. ble of all ambitions is that of promot. Jusiah Peet at Norridgewock and ing peace on earth and good will to the vicinity; Rev John Sawyer at

Brownville and the vicinity ; Rev. The dire calamities which have re.

Henry True at Appleton and the vicently been felt on both continents-- cinity ; Rev. Peter Nurse at Ellsworth the progressive illuminations of the

and the vicinity ; of Mr Sargent aword of life. and the conciliating. ten.

mong the Stockbridge Indians ; and dency of a thousand benevolent insti.

Rev Mr. Alden among the Senacas tutions, have all conspired to prepare

and Munseey. From the account of the minds of Christians to listen to the

the latter Mission we give the followprinciples of peace, to desire their disc ing extracts : semination, and to co operate in one The Rev. Timothy Alden, (presi. form or another to emancipate the dent of Alleghany College,) in pursu. world from the guilt, the tyranny and ance of the appointment of the Socie. the desolations of war.

ty, has visited the Seneca and the In conclusion, it may be proper to Munsee Indians, and performed mis. indulge a thought on the auspicious sionary service among the destitute coincidence of Anniversaries. This is white inhabitants of the South-western

REPORT OF THE SELECT COMMIT

TEE OF THE SOCIETY FOR PROP-
AGATING THE
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settlements. He “ made it a point to ning to see light. I have long been preach whenever and wherever an as. convinced that we are wrong. I have sembly could be collected ; which often told my people that we must be sometimes scarcely amounted to 20, wrong, and that you must be right, and seldom to more than 50 hearers, because you have the words of the except upon the Sabbatk, when he Great Spirit written in a book."" sometimes had nearly 200

At the Mr. ilden had informed him the white settlements, generally consisting day before, that he was going to see of people from the eastern states," he Red Jacket and the Indians of bis vilwrites, that " he was cordially receiv. lage. In one of his addresses, Corned;" adding, that." in all places there planter said, “I have often talked to was a readiness, and in most an ea. Red Jacket about worshipping the gerness, to bear the gospel ; and fre- Great Spirit in your way, but he has quent were the lamentations that this constantly told me, that lie was deterprivilege is so rarely enjoyed in those mined never to conform to your way, out posts of Immanuel's kingdom.” that he meant to hold on in the way After a brief account of the establish. which his fathers had taught him. ment of a mission by a Society in New As your object is good, it can do no York, at the Tuscarora village, con- hurt to visit him and Jois people, but taining 320 souls, and the expected or- I do not think that he will take hold dination of Mr. James C Crane as of it. If I thought Red Jacket would their resident missionary, and of the take hold of it, I would go with you religious state of the country, westerly to see Red Jacket, and talk to him from Lake Ontario, he proceeds to

about it "_"On the following day," give information of the more immedi- writes the missionary, "he obligingly ate objects of our charity--the In. accompanied us 14 miles, to Cold dians,

Spring. In passing difficult and dan. “In Cornplanter's village, extending gerous places, he kindly took the lead, one mile along the banks of the Alle. shewing us the safest course, and ghany, are 48 persons, of different whenever we came to a piece of tolerages and both sexes. I preached able road, with much civility he would twice on a Sabbath in the spacious fall back, and, pointing for me to go house of that noble spirited chief, forward, say, in broken English, good which was well filled, and mostly with road, good road” Having taken noIndians. Some of these were from tice of an Indian school, which he vis. Peter Krous's neighbourhood and ited, under the care of Mr. Oldham, from Cold Spring.

Henry Obeel, and of the salutary effect of his inCornplanter's eldest soli, a major in structions and example ; and of anoththe late war, officiated as my interpre. er at Cold Spring, "diligently taught ter. He performed with promptitude by Mr. Elkinton, at the expense of and in such a manner as to arrest the the Friends, who have long bestowed attention of the aboriginal part of my their benevolent attentions on this secauditory. He has often interpreted tion of the Seneca tribe ;" he men. in councils on gubjects of business, tions his preaching at a private house . but never before for a clergyman. in Big Valley, nigh the upper end of Few if any of the Senecas have ever the Indian reserve, which lies upon had so great advantages for an educa. the Alleghany. Annēlı-yesh,* a retion as the major. In early life he was spectable chief, usually called Long at school nearly 6 years in Philadel. John, and more than a dozen other lnphia. He is a man of a very strong dians attended the meeting. Mr. mind. At the close of each of my McKay, a gentleman well versed in discourses, Cornplanter delivered an the Seneca language, acted the part interesting address, in which he ex- of an interpreter with ability. The pressed his gratitude for the notice chief made a speech, in which he taken of him and his people. He said, thanked me for coming to see the

I am always happy to see the minis. Indians and to preach to them, and ters, and to have them preach at Jen. wished me to express bis grateful acnesadaqua. We begin to understand knowledgements to the good people, something of the gospel. We have been in the dark, but we are begin. • The Tallest, or The Tall One.

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