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FIG. 45.-Side Elevation in Outline of the Hobart-Allfree Valve Gear.

the ordinary piston valve. The pistons of the compression valve pass through the longest section of the admission ports from which they exhaust past their outer ends. The compression valve and its valve stem are shown in dotted lines in the longitudinal section view in Fig. 43

The Valve Gear. This is an outside, radial gear that comes within the Hackworth division of valve motions, but like Marshall's modification of that principle no link is employed, the single eccentric giving a pendulum-like motion to a suspended lever from which the motion of the valve is derived; by shifting the point of this lever's suspension, the lower end will swing at different angles, and shorten or lengthen the travel of the valve, or reverse its motion. The eccentric is of the Walschaert style worked from a crank on the main pin; and a combination lever actuated by the crosshead is used to distort the motion of the valve rod for the purpose of advancing the position of the valve, to overcome the effect of the steam lap when the piston is at the beginning of its stroke, as in the Walschaert gear.

The action of this valve gear may be followed by reference to the line drawing, Fig. 45, and the diagram, Fig. 46, in connection with the following explanation:

Beginning with the eccentric crank A, motion is

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Fig. 46.–Centre Line Diagram of the Hobart-Allfree Valve Gear.

transmitted through the eccentric rod B to the transmission bars D and the radius bar. C. The radius bar C is pivoted on the radius block J, which is movably mounted on the radius guide N.

When the radius block ) is in centre position, the transmission bar D oscillates in unison with the radius bar C, and no motion is transmitted from the eccentric crank A. The radius block J is operated from the reverse lever by the usual reach rod, through the reverse shaft M, reverse arm L, and reversing link K, and its position upon the radius guide N determines the amount of cut-off in the forward or backward motions. When the radius block J is thus moved to a position on the radius guide N, either in front of or back of the central position, the radius bar C and transmission bar D no longer oscillate in unison, and motion is transmitted to the bell crank or rocker E to the upper end of which one end of the transmission bar D is attached.

The motion thus transmitted to the lower arm of the bell crank E is combined at this point with the motion which the combination lever F receives from the crosshead through the crosshead link G and crosshead arm H, and is transmitted to the valve by the valve rod I as usual; the motion received from the combination lever is equal to lap plus lead, as in the Walschaert motion.

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27 Fig. 47.—Chart Showing Valve Events and the Moments of Steam Distribution on a Locomotive

with Hobart-Allfree Valves and Valve Gear.

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