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Nor was this only performed in heathen authors, but upon the sacred text of Scripture, as Gregorius Turonensis hath left some account; and as the practice of the Emperor Heraclius, before his expedition into Asia Minor, is delivered by Cedrenus.
As for the divination or decision from the staff, it is an augurial relick, and the practice thereof is accused by God himself; “My people ask counsel of their stocks, and their staff declareth unto them."* Of this kind of rhabdomancy was that practised by Nebuchadnezzar in that Chaldean miscellany, delivered by Ezekiel; “ The King of Babylon stood at the parting of the way, at the head of two ways to use divination, he made his arrows bright, he consulted with images, he looked in the liver; at the right hand were the divinations of Jerusalem." + That is, as Estius expounded it, the left way leading unto Rabbah, the chief city of the Ammonites, and the right unto Jerusalem, he consulted idols and entrails, he threw up a bundle of arrows to see which way they would light, and falling on the right hand he marched towards Jerusalem. A like way of belomancy or divination by arrows hath been in request with Scythians, Alanes, Germans, with the Africans and Turks of Algier. But of another nature was that which was practised by Elisha, I when, by an arrow shot from an eastern window, he presignified the destruction of Syria; or when, according unto the three strokes of Joash, with an arrow upon the ground, he foretold the number of his victories. For thereby the Spirit of God particulared the same, and determined the strokes of the king, unto three, which the hopes of the prophet expected in twice that number.9
8. We cannot omit to observe the tenacity of ancient customs, in the nominal observation of the several days of the week, according to Gentile and Pagan appellations ; § for the
Hosea iv. * 2 Kings xiii, xv.
† Ezek. xxiv.
the Emperor, the sonne of Heracleonas, århớ Nixnv, which the next day provand father of Pogonatus, anno imperii, ed too true. -Wr. 13, who beinge to fight with barbarians 9 As for the divination, &c.] This pathe next morne,
near Thessalonica, ragraph, and the three following, were thought hee heard one cryinge Ois first added in the second editlon.
original is very high, and as old as the ancient Egyptians, who named the same according to the seven planets, the admired stars of heaven, and reputed deities among them. Unto every one assigning a several day; not according to their celestial order, or as they are disposed in heaven, but after a diatesseron or musical fourth. For beginning Saturday with Saturn, the supremest planet, they accounted by Jupiter and Mars unto Sol, making Sunday. From Sol in like manner by Venus and Mercury unto Luna, making Monday: and so through all the rest. And the same order they confirmed by numbering the hours of the day unto twenty-four, according to the natural order of the planets. For beginning to account from Saturn, Jupiter, Mars, and so about unto twenty-four, the next day will fall unto Sol; whence accounting twenty-four, the next will happen unto Luna, making Monday: and so with the rest, according to the account and order observed still among us.
The Jews themselves, in their astrological considerations, concerning nativities and planetary hours, observe the same order upon as witty foundations. Because, by an equal interval, they make seven triangles, the bases whereof are the seven sides of a septilateral figure, described within a circle. That is, if a figure of seven sides be described in a circle, and at the angles thereof the names of the planets be placed in their natural order on it; if we begin with Saturn, and successively draw lines from angle to angle, until seven equicrural triangles be described, whose bases are the seven sides of the septilateral figure; the triangles will be made by this order.* The first being made by Saturn, Sol, and Luna, that is, Saturday, Sunday, and Monday; and so the rest in the order still retained.
But thus much is observable, that however in celestial considerations they embraced the received order of the planets, yet did they not retain either characters, or names in common use amongst us; but declining human denominations, they assigned them names from some remarkable qualities; as is very observable in their red and splendent planets, that is, of Mars and Venus. But the change of their names † * Cujus icon apud Doct. Gaffarel, cap. ii, et Fabrit. Pada | Maadim. Nogah.
disparaged not the consideration of their natures; nor did they thereby reject all memory of these remarkable stars, which God himself admitted in his tabernacle, if conjecture will hold concerning the golden candlestick, whose shaft resembled the sun, and six branches the planets about it.
9. We are unwilling to enlarge concerning many other; only referring unto sober examination, what natural effects can reasonably be expected, when to prevent the ephialtes or night-mare, we hang up an hollow stone in our stables; when for amulets against agues we use the chips of gallows and places of execution. When for warts we rub our hands before the moon, or commit any maculated part unto the
1 execution.] See what the Lord St. rubbing of warts with a green elder stick Alban's sayes for the certaintye of this and then burying the stick to rot in muck. experimente made upon himself, in his It would be tried with corns and wens, natural historye, centurye 10th, and and such other excrescences. I would 997 experiment. — Wr.
have it also tried with some parts of living “ The sympathy of individuals, that creatures that are nearest the nature of have been entire, or have touched, is of excrescences; as the combs of cocks, the all others the most incredible; yet accord- spurs of cocks, the horns of beasts, etc. ing unto our faithful manner of exami- And I would have it tried both ways; nation of nature, we will make some both by rubbing those parts with lard, little mention of it. The taking away or elder, as before ; and by cutting off of warts, by rubbing them with somewhat some piece of those parts, and laying it that afterwards is put to waste and con to consume: to see whether it will work sume, is a common experiment; and I any effect towards the consumption of do apprehend it the rather because of my that part which was once joined with it." own experience. I had from my child - Natural History, Cent. x, No. 997. hood a wart upon one of my fingers : » When for warts we rub our hands, &c.] afterwards, when I was about sixteen Hear what Sir Kenelme Digby says of years old, being then at Paris, there grew this matter in his Lale Discourse, fr. upon both my hands a number of warts at Touching the Cure of wounds by the Powthe least an hundred, in a month's space. der of Sympathy, &c. 12mno. 1658. The English ambassador's lady, who was “I cannot omit to add hereunto anoa woman far from superstition, told me ther experiment, which is, that we find one day, she would help me away with by the effects, how the rays of the moon my warts: whereupon she got a piece of are cold and moist. It is without controlard with the skin on, and rubbed the versy, that the luminous parts of those warts all over with the fat side; and rays come from the sun, the moon baring amongst the rest, that wart which I had no light at all within her, as her eclipses had from my childhood : then she nailed bear witness, which happen when the the piece of lard, with the fat towards the earth is opposite betwixt her and the sun; sun, upon a post of her chamber window, which interposition suffers her not to have which was to the south. 'The success light from his rays. The beams then was, that within five weeks space all which come from the moon, are those of the warts went quite away: and that the sun, which glancing upon her, reflect wart which I had so long endured, for upon us, and so bring with them the company. But at the rest I did little atoms of that cold and humid star, which marvel, because they came in a short participates of the source whence they time, and might go away in a short come : therefore if one should expose a time again : but the going away of that hollow bason, or glass, to assemble them, which had stayed so long doth yet stick one shall find, that whereas those of the with me. They say the like is done by the sun do burn by such a conjuncture, these
touch of the dead. What truth there is in those common female doctrines, that the first rib of roast beef powdered, is a peculiar remedy against fluxes ;-that to urine upon earth newly cast up by a mole, bringeth down the menses in women ; -that if a child dieth, and the neck becometh not stiff, but for many hours remaineth lithe and flaccid, some other in the same house will die not long after ;—that if a woman with child looketh upon a dead body, her child will be of a pale complexion; 3—our learned and critical philosophers might illustrate, whose exacter performances our adventures do but solicit : meanwhile, I hope they will plausibly receive our attempts, or candidly correct our misconjectures.*
Disce, sed ira cadat naso, rugosaque sanna,
clean contrary do refresh and moisten in see a snake unkilled, he fears a misa notable manner, leaving an aquatic and chief: if the salt fall towards him, he viscous glutining kind of sweat upon the looks pale and red; and is not quiet, till glass. One would think it were a folly one of the waiters have poured wine on that one should offer to wash his hands his lap: and when he sneezeth, thinks in a well-polished silver bason, wherein them not his friends that uncover not. In there is not a drop of water, yet this may the morning he listens whether the crow be done by the reflection of the moon. crieth even or odd; and, by that token, beams only, which will afford a compe presages of the weather. If he hear but tent humidity to do it; but they who a raven croak from the next roof, he have tried this, have found their hands, makes his will; or if a bittour fly over after they are wiped, to be much moister his head by night: but if his troubled than usually: but this is an infallible way fancy shall second his thoughts with the to take away warts from the hands, if it dream of a fair garden, or green rushes, be often used."
or the salutation of a dead friend, he 3 What truth there is, fe.] This sen takes leave of the world, and says he tence was first added, and the arrange
cannot live. He will never set to sea ment of the paragraphs in the chapter but on a Sunday; neither ever goes withaltered, in the 6th edit.
out an erra pater in his pocket. St. * misconjectures.] The perusal of the Paul's day, and St. Swithin's, with the two preceding chapters, calls powerfully twelve, are his oracles; which he dares to mind the following lively and eloquent believe against the almanack. When he "character of the superstitious," drawn lies sick on his death-bed, no sin trouby our author's pious and learned friend, bles him so much, as that he did once Bishop Hall.
eat flesh on a Friday: no repentance can “Superstition is godless religion, de- expiate that; the rest need none. There vout impiety. The superstitious is fond is no dream of his, without an interprein observation, servile in fear: he wor- tation, without a prediction; and, if the ships God, but as he lists: he gives God event answer not his exposition, he exwhat he asks not, more than he asks, pounds it according to the event. Every and all but what he should give; and dark grove and pictured wall strikes him makes more sins than the ten command- with an awful, but carnal devotion. Old ments. This man dares not stir forth, wives and stars are his counsellors : his till bis breast be crossed, and his face night-spell is his guard, and charms, his sprinkled. If but a hare cross him the physicians. He wears Paracelsian chaway, he returns ; or, if his journey racters for the tooth-ache: and a little began, unawares, on the dismal day, or hallowed wax is his antidote for all evils. if he stumbled at the threshold. If he This man is strangely credulous; and
calls impossible things, miraculous: if he One event is enough to make a rule : hear that some sacred block speaks, out of these rules he concludes fashions moves, weeps, smiles, his bare feet carry proper to himself; and nothing can turn him thither with an offering; and, if a him out of his own course. If he have danger miss him in the way, his saint done his task, he is safe: it matters not hath the thanks. Some ways he will not with what affection. Finally, if God go, and some he dares not; either there would let him be the carver of his own are bugs, or he feigneth them: every obedience, he could not have a better lantern is a ghost, and every noise is of subject : as he is, he cannot have a worse." chains. He knows not why, but his —Bishop Hall's Characters of Vices; custom is to go a little about, and to Works by Pratt, vol. vii, 102. leave the cross still on the right hand.