The Nature and Office of the State

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A. and C. Black, 1848 - 285 стор.
 

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Сторінка 157 - But when land was considered as the means, not of subsistence merely, but of power and protection, it was thought better that it should descend undivided to one. In those disorderly times, every great landlord was a sort of petty prince. His tenants were his subjects. He was their judge, and in some respects their legislator in peace, and their leader in war. He made war according to his own discretion, frequently...
Сторінка 157 - While land," says Adam Smith, " is considered as the means only of subsistence and enjoyment, the natural law of succession divides it, like them, among all the children of the family; . . . but when land was considered as the means, not of subsistence merely, but of power and protection, it was thought better that it should descend undivided to one.
Сторінка 156 - A small proprietor, however, who knows every part of his little territory, who views it with all the affection which property, especially small property, naturally inspires, and who upon that account takes pleasure not only in cultivating but in adorning it, is generally of all improvers the most industrious, the most intelligent, and the most successful...
Сторінка 114 - Le législateur n'invente pas les lois, il n'a « que le droit exclusif de manifester par des signes sensibles aux autres hommes les résultats des lois naturelles et essentielles de la société, après qu'ils lui sont devenus évidents, et de le sceller du sceau de son autorité, pour...
Сторінка 114 - Nemours *, que le terme de faire des lois est une façon de parler fort impropre, et qu'on ne doit point entendre , par cette expression , le droit et le pouvoir d'imaginer, d'inventer et d'instituer des lois positives qui ne soient pas déjà faites, c'est-à-dire qui ne soient pas des conséquences nécessaires de celles qui constituent l'Ordre naturel et essentiel de la société.
Сторінка 16 - ... cannot obtain singly; secondly, ought not to obtain singly (because he exposes himself or his fellow-citizens by doing so to great danger, for instance, by redressing privately interferences with his rights); thirdly, will not do singly, because burdensome, disagreeable, etc., eg...
Сторінка 58 - ... public penances which were its principal mode of chastisement, you will see that the chief object is to excite repentance in the soul of the culprit, and moral terror in the beholders, by the example. There was also another idea mixed with it, that of expiation. I know not, as a general thing, if it be possible to separate the idea of expiation from that of punishment, and whether there is not in all punishment, independently of the necessity of provoking repentance in the culprit, and of deterring...
Сторінка 112 - ... are obliged. Men have thought that civil laws oblige their consciences to entire obedience; whereas, in things in their own nature indifferent, the conscience is obliged only to active or passive obedience, and that not by virtue of that human law which the man either practises or is punished by, but by that law of God which forbids disturbance or dissolution of governments.
Сторінка 242 - Every citizen is an elector. Every elector is sovereign. The law is equal and absolute for all. There is no citizen who can say to another, " You are more sovereign than I.
Сторінка 74 - Louisiana; $35,000,000 more than Alabama; $38,000,000 more than South Carolina ; $40,000,000 more than Massachusetts or Maryland ; $41,000,000 more than Georgia ; and $43,000,000 more than Pennsylvania. And while viewing this statement, it will at the same time be borne in mind, that the States which show the largest amount of exports, are those which possess the advantage of having ports situated on the sea-board, and which do the carrying trade of States more remotely located. The eight States...

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