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CHAPTER XLIII

Rebellions of Africa-Restoration of the Gothic Kingdom by Totila-Loss

and Recovery of Rome--Final Conquest of Italy by NarsesExtinction

of the Ostrogoths--Defeat of the Franks and Alemanni --Last Victory,

Disgrace, and Death of Belisarius-Death and Character of Justinian

-Comets, Earthquakes, and Plague

PAGE

535-545. The Troubles of Africa

543-558. Rebellion of the Moors

388

540 Revolt of the Goths

392

541-544. Victories of Totila, King of Italy

394

Contrast of Greek Vice and Gothic Virtue

395

544-548. Second Command of Belisarius in Italy

396

546 Rome besieged by the Goths

Attempt of Belisarius

Rome taken by the Goths

547 Recovered by Belisarius

548 Final Recall of Belisarius

549 Rome again taken by the Goths

549-551. Preparations of Justinian for the Gothic War

552 Character and Expedition of the Eunuch Narses

410

Defeat and Death of Totila

412

Conquest of Rome by Narses

414

553 Defeat and Death of Teias, the last King of the Goths ...

Invasion of Italy by the Franks and Alemanni

554 Defeat of the Franks and Alemanni by Narses

420

554-568. Settlement of Italy

421

559 Invasion of the Bulgarians

423

Last Victory of Belisarius

425

561 His Disgrace and Death

427

565 Death and Character of Justinian

428

430

531-539. Comets

Earthquakes ....

432

542 Plague-its Origin and Nature

434

542-594. Extent and Duration

436

439

CHAPTER XLIV

Idea of the Roman JurisprudenceThe Laws of the KingsThe Twelve

Tables of the DecemvirsThe Laws of the People - The Decrees of the

SenateThe Edicts of the Magistrates and Emperors-Authority of the

Civilians---Code, Pandects, Novels, and Institutes of Iustinian :-1.

Rights of Persons--II. Rights of Things--I11. Private Injuries and

Actions-IV. Crimes and Punishments

The Civil or Roman Law

Laws of the Kings of Rome

441

The Twelve Tables of the Decemvirs

442

Their Character and Influence

444

Laws of the People

Decrees of the Senate

447

Edicts of the Prætors

The Perpetual Edict ...

449

Constitutions of the Emperors

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450

450

MAP AND PLAN.

PAGB 223

Part of CONSTANTINOPLE Illustrating the Nika Riot ...
Map of Italy

307

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power of the Van.

459 45

Sack of Rome by Genseric, King of the Vandals-His naval Depre.

dations--Succession of the last Emperors of the West, Marimus,
Avitus, Majorian, Severus, Anthemius, Olybrius, Glycerius,
Nepos, Augustulus Total Extinction of the Western Empire-

Reign of Odoacer, the first Barbarian King of Italy The loss or desolation of the provinces, from the ocean to the Naval Alps, impaired the glory and greatness of Rome; her internal data prosperity was irretrievably destroyed by the separation of Africa. The rapacious Vandals confiscated the patrimonial estates of the senators, and intercepted the regular subsidies which relieved the poverty, and encouraged the idleness, of the plebeians. The distress of the Romans was soon aggravated by an unexpected attack; and the province, so long cultivated for their use by industrious and obedient subjects, was armed against them by an ambitious Barbarian. The Vandals and Alani, who followed (Genserte's the successful standard of Genseric, had acquired a rich and Handals and fertile territory, which stretched along the coast above ninety days' journey from Tangier to Tripoli; but their narrow limits were pressed and confined, on either side, by the sandy desert and the Mediterranean. The discovery and conquest of the Black nations, that might dwell beneath the torrid zone, could not tempt the rational ambition of Genseric; but he cast his eyes towards the sea; he resolved to create a naval power; and his bold resolution was executed with steady and active perseverance. The woods of Mount Atlas afforded an inexhaustible nursery of timber; his new subjects were skilled in the arts of navigation and shipbuilding; he animated his daring Vandals to embrace a mode of warfare which would render every mariVOL. IV.

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