Зображення сторінки

their resources. Charlotte Hall School is supported in this way, and sustains a high rank. In addition to these grants for academies, nearly as much more is given for common sehools. The whole amount of money annually expended by the state of Maryland for the purposes of education, exceeds twenty-five thousand dollars.*

These details are enough to show, that the efforts of this state in advancing the interests of learning have been liberal, honorable, and worthy of the highest praise. It has afforded its patronage to several literary institutions, by loaning money, granting lotteries, and



* The following are the annual donations, granted at present from the treasury of the state of Maryland for Academies in the different counties. To Elkton Academy,

Dolls. 300
Washington Academy.

Talbot Academy,

800 Charlotte Hall School,

2000 Frederick County School,

800 Garrison Forrest Academy,

400 Franklin Academy,

400 Allegany County School,

500 Centre Ville Academy,

800 Rockville Academy,

Hagers-Town Academy,

Cambridge Academy,
Hillsborough Schnol,

West Nottingham Academy,

500 St. John's College,

1000 Washington College,

800 llarford County Academy, :


Dolls. 12,200 In addition to these grants from the state treasury, the Banks of Maryland have been required since the 1st of January 1815, to pay twenty cents on every hundred dollars of their capital for the support of common schools. This money is paid to commissioners of the School Fund, who are appointed in each county, and in the city of Baltimore.

The Bank capital in the state may be estimated at 7,500,000 dollars, and the annual amount for schools derived from this source, according to the above ratio, is

Dolls. 15,000 Add the amount paid out of the state Treasury, 12,200

Dolls. 27,200


[ocr errors]
[ocr errors][ocr errors]

other facilities. To Baltimore College it granted a lottery, which was to yield thirty thousand dollars. In 1807, the Medical College was founded in Baltimore, with the privilege of raising forty thousand dollars by lottery; and in 1812, the charter was extended to embrace all the departments of science and literature, with a privilege subsequently granted of raising one hundred thousand dollars more. The institution, with this extension of its charter, is called the University of Maryland. It consists of four faculties, namely, divinity, law, medicine, and the arts and sciences; and is under the control of twenty-eight regents. To obtain a degree, students are required to be examined in the presence of the regents; and no one can be considered a candidate for the degree of bachelor of arts, till he has attended lectures in the university for the space of two years, nor for the degree of master of arts, till he has attended the same for three years. The medical department is the only one, which has yet gone into full operation. As a medical school, this is believed to be little inferior to any in the country, and is daily rising in reputation. The college building is beautiful and spacious, and the lecture rooms remarkably commodious. The chemical apparatus is considered equal, if not superior, to any in the United States. During the last session of the legislature, a loan was granted to the University of Maryland, and it is hoped, that all

Hence it appears, that the state pays annually'trenty seven thousand two hundred ilollars for the support of Colleges, Academies, and Schools.

The distribution of the money derived from the Banks is peculiar;.--it is divided into equal portions among the nineteen counties, although the population of some of the counties is five times as large as that of others. And the fund appropriated for the county of Baltimore is divided equally between the city and the county, although the population of the city is nearly double that of the county.

the departments will before long be brought at least into partial operation. The professor of divinity, Rev. Dr. Wyatt, has given a few lectures, but no regular course. The professor of law, Mr. Hoffman, is preparing a course of lectures, which, if we may judge from the syllabus he has published, will do honor to the university, and justify the expectations, which have been raised by the favorable evidences of his talents and qualifications exhibited in his work on the study of the law.*

St. Mary's College in Baltimore was empowered by the legislature in 1805 to admit students to degrees, and grant diplomas. This is a highly respectable institution, and has sent forth some of our first literary

It is under the direction of the Catholics, but no religious test is required to enjoy its privileges, or obtain a degree. It is, indeed, a fact, which redounds much to the honor of the state, that in all its charters to literary institutions, from the time of its first acts, it is formally and explicitly stated, that no distinctions shall be made in favor of any religious sentiments, but that students, professors, visitors, and regents, shall be taken from all denominations and be admitted to equal privileges.


* See a review of Hoffinan's Course of Legal Study, N. A. Review, vol. vi.

p. 45.

† The following is the second section of the act founding the present University of Maryland; “The said University shall be founded and maintained for ever on the most liberal plan, for the benefit of students of every country and every religious denomination, who shall be freely admitted to equal privileges and advantages of education, and to all the honors of the University, according to their merit, without requiring or enforcing any civil or religious test, urging their attendance upon any particular plan of religious worship or service; nor shall any preference be given to the choice of a Provost, l’rofessor, Lecturer, or other officer of said University, on account of his particular religious professions, but regard shall be solely had to his moral character, and other necessary qualifications to fill the place for which he shall be chosen."

[ocr errors]

It is a complaint, we believe, of most of the states at the south, which have made donations for the aid of schools and colleges, that the money has not produced so good and extensive effects, as was desired and reasonably expected. This subject deserves serious attention. We are confident, that the munificence of the state legislatures has been much greater than is generally imagined. A statement of the amount of donations in the several states, for a number of years past, and the manner in which they have been applied, would be a valuable document. It would afford a clue to the cause of failure in particular cases, and lay a foundation for a more judicious and beneficial management. We suspect the grounds of complaint may be traced to two sources; a deficiency of qualifications in the persons to whom the disposal of money is entrusted, and a want of proper care in selecting teachers.

Before we wholly close this article, we beg leave earnestly to recommend the principal subject of it to the attention of the American public at large, and individually of the state governments in our own neighborhood, who cannot, we think, acquit themselves of unfaithfulness to the interests of their constituents, if they do not imitate the laudable example of the legislature of Maryland, in pursuing so important and just a claim. We need not, any more than the Committee of the Senate of Maryland, the framers of the Report before us, disclaim the idea of looking with jealousy on the appropriations for education in the new states. We would sooner double than diminish them. But we must also be permitted to say, what experience, we believe, has already shown in some of these states, that the appropriations are likely, in the new states themselves, from hasty and injudicious application, and

the general immaturity of society, to be almost wholly unproductive of any permanent utility; while by extending them to the older states, where there are already flourishing establishments for education capable of forming a nucleus for farther increase, the greatest benefit and honor would result to our common country. In conclusion, we cannot but express our gratitude to the legislature of Maryland for the enterprize and perseverance with which they have brought forward and pursued this claim, and to the chairman of their committee, Mr. Maxcy, for the forcible and considerate form in which the Reports are drawn up.

[merged small][ocr errors]
« НазадПродовжити »