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THE POLISH CAUSE.

with applause by the great vocalists of the office of Lord Rector of Glasgow Unithe day."

versity, after a severe opposition on the part

of the Professors. He went down to GlasA considerable portion of Campbell's time at Sydenham was passed in devising and exe

gow, delivered an inaugural address, and was

received with great warmth, both there and cuting great schemes-some of them well in Edinburgh. The election is in the hands known to the world, and in the accomplish- of the students, and they repeated it three ment of works on which he was from time to time engaged. He met many disappoint- red in Glasgow. In the month of Septem

years in succession-an honor rarely conferments, and was often crushed down by the ber, 1828, Mrs. Campbell died. Their boy fear of want, not so much for himself as for those who were dependent upon him. A and his mother died some time previously:

was lost. The youngest sister of the poet desponding letter to Sir Walter Scott is closed These calamities fell heavily on a nervous and with the following gtatifying announcement: sensitive mind. Indeed, from Mrs. Camp“His Majesty has been graciously pleased bell's death may be dated the poet's declento confer a pension of £200 a year upon me. sion into indulgences which though light, as God save the King.” This pension placed him for ever after habitually without censure or reproach, were

compared with those which men pursue above the fear of wanting means to assist his

yet calculated to throw a shade over the friends, and to educate his son. It was a lustre of a noble name. great relief to his mind, and contributed, we have no doubt, to the improvement of his health. He at once made a division of the

Although stunned for a time by these pension, reserving one portion for himself, and dividing the other between his mother

bereavements, yet Mr. Campbell, for several and his sisters. Great efforts were made by years, continued to throw his heart and soul his friends to procure extensive subscriptions himself intimately connected.

into those objects, with which he considered

The Poles for another quarto edition of his poems; and had always found him a warm, zealous they were successful. From this period his friend. He was a firm believer in the truth circumstances were not bad ; his position in and justice of their cause. He fervently life was most respectable; he was connected with all the leading men of the Whig party;

anticipated the day when Poland, won back by her sons from their conquerors,

would he had a perfect command of the trade for his literary productions, and except continued her head amongst free nations. He wrote weakness, which seems to have arisen from splendid verses for Poland; he spoke elonervousness to a very considerable extent, he quently in behalf of the exiles ; but he also might have been a happy and a useful man.

wrought most vigorously in carrying forward His correspondence shows rapid ebbs and every detail with which their cause flows of temperament.

He was far from

associated. The following statements evince

his activity: being an agreeable man--but easily discomposed, and, like many other authors, ner

“• St. Leonard's, January 17, 1832. vously afraid of his publishers.

“I went to town more than A terrible calamity occurred in the insanity

a fortnight ago, partly to pay my respects to the of his son, on whom he fondly doted, and worthy Prince Czartoryski, and partly to look whose mind was pronounced to be at last after our American legacy. The Prince I found, permanently impaired. This event formed if possible, a more interesting man than I had the severest trial of his life to that date; and imagined. He has lost £70,000 a year, with the yet in his correspondence it was mentioned near prospect of being King of Poland. with more resignation than other features in But he is as calm and undepressed as if he were his character might have led us to anticipate. beside him at dinner, I could overhear a stifled

in his palace. Now and then, when I have sat As years wore on, he became connected with and deep sigh ; but his gentleman-like self-comvarious public movements in London. He mand, suavity, and dignity, are most striking. had travelled on the continent, and studied He is now sixty-one, but looks much younger, educational proceedings in Germany. The and is a great deal handsomer than his portrait

. opinions formed in these journeys, induced

“* As president of the Literary Union, I invited him to take a warm interest in the establish- his Highness to dine with thirty of our members,

and, at the same time, asked Prince Talleyrand to ment of the London University. Indeed, he

meet him. Talley rand sent me a note in his own might, with some propriety, be considered hand, extremely regretting an express engageits founder. In 1826 he was elected to fill ment to dine elsewhere, and mentioning the place.

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But in spite of all his “ regret,” the old fox went | tion ? * Association ? said Campbell-associaimmediately to Prince Czartoryski, and told him tion of the friends of Poland! That is the very that he, Prince C., should not join “any political thing. Let us set about it directly.' dinners at a London club!" Prince Czartoryski They went out together, called upon Lord sent for me, but being confined to bed with a cold, Panmure in Cockspur street, explained their obI could not go out. His friend then came to me ject, and received from him twenty pounds as a to ask if the dinner was meant to be "public and first contribution to the funds of the association. political ?” I assured him not, but only an ex “ Anxious to profit by so auspicious a compression of private regard for his Highness. “In mencement, meetings were held, a committee was that case,” said his friend, "the Prince assures formed, and in a short time the society was in full you that he will come.”

I was

operation. well enough to preside at the dinner. The Prince To Mr. Gray, his liberal adviser in all philanthanked us in French for drinking his health, and thropic schemes, he writes : the party went off with great harmony and good " March 7th.—Let me consult you about a feeling

project that is very near my heart-an association “I dined with the Prince next day at a private -a literary one, for collecting, publishing, and party, and before leaving town had several inter- diffusing all such information respecting Poland views with him.

He was in mourning as may tend to interest the public mind, and keep for his mother, the venerable old princess, who alive in it a strong interest with respect to that died last month in her eighty-ninth year, and I brave but ill-used nation. The Germans are in a believe of a broken heart more than old age. highly excited state; iheir patriots are formingThe Prince asked me, ‘Have you not got a letter or rather have formed-associations of the same from my mother ?' I said • No;' but shrinking nature; though, as I learn from them, they have from the touch of so tender a chord in his feels to work up against the wind and tide of despotic ings, I dropt the subject. * His question governments. * was explained to me this morning, when I re “ • Forty most respectable individuals have ceived a letter from the now departed princess, pledged themselves in London to support me in which must have been written a few days before forming this Philo-Polish Association. We subher death. It is written, signed, and directed scribe but a pound a piece; and shall publish, rewith her own hand.

T. C." specting Poland, such tracts as, by dragging into “ Writing a few days later, he says :—It turns full light all the black and horrid facts of Russian out that the aged and august princess is still alive, cruelty towards her, may arouse public sympain her eighty-ninth year. May God preserve thy. With regard to the Autocrat's treather !

ment to Poland, he concludes, his sceptre is a “The news that waited Campbell's return from knout; and his councils,' to use the words of Chertsey threw him into great distress. To be Æschylus, are embalmed in corruption." compelled to witness misery, which he had no adequate power to relieve, was a constant bur

MAGAZINE LITERATURE. den

upon his mind; and to contemplate its probable increase was still worse. By letters, and We have repeatedly remarked Mr. Camppersonal applications to his friends, he collected bell's attachment to magazine literature. His funds just sufficient to relieve the more urgent first device literature was a magazine. At cases; but as the number of exiles increased, the duty and difficulty were, how to increase the every stage of his life we find him connected

with some work of that description. He number of contributors. With this object, an appeal to British philanthropy was drawn up, and

wrote for the “ Philosophical.” He edited the liberality with which it was responded to by Mr. Colburn's "New Monthly.” Finally, he the public, was the subject of grateful admiration. first edited, and then purchased an interest

“A lady, to whom the poet had written, having in, the “Metropolitan. The history of the requested his answer to a question respecting the transaction is curious and interesting, reflectactual amount of suffering among the exiled pa-ing honor on no man more than the venerable triots, he sat down to his desk, intending to give author of the “ Pleasures of Memory.” her one instance which had just come before him. Mr. Back was in the room with him. After writing a short time, his friend observed that he be

« « 11, Waterloo Place, October 17, 1831. came more and more agitated—sobbed and wept

All is well. I have seen my son, like a child—and then, starting up, began to pace and I have been agreeably surprised. I have got the room with a hurried step, and an expression a share in the “ Metropolitan!" I am ten inches of mental agony. Alarmed at the violence of his taller than when you saw me! And my regret emotion, Mr. Back imagined that he was laboring now is that I showed so little pluck under my late under acute bodily pain. 'No,' he said, “it is misfortunes, as to throw a shade of the slightest more than bodily pain; it is the thought that so uneasiness over your reception of me. I don't many gallant patriots are starving ! What believe the traditional remark, that it is best for us is to be done ?' and turning earnestly to his not to foresee future events. How much happier friend, waited for an answer.

I should have been at Stoke, if I could have fore“ The question was difficult. At length, sajd seen future events! Had I known what I know Mr. Back, What would you say to an associa- now, I should have been happy at your house, in

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stead of being the weak and dolorous man which by which my library and furniture will be at his I fear I was.

disposal till the debt is repaid. “ • I came to town just in the nick of time to

T.C.' prevent an injudicious visitation of my dear boy. I spent Sunday with him. No doubt all my ideas

“ Under this pleasing delusion, he calls upon bis of his recovery are to be set aside. I will cherish

sister to congratulate him on his good fortune,

and adds : that delusion no longer. But he is better. The last time I saw him, his complexion was pale and

My partners in the concern are Mr. Cochsodden. It is now restored, and he is beautiful.

rane, the publisher, and Captain Chamier, author His beauty may, perhaps, give me a deeper grief tan," and several other amusing papers. He is

of “ The Life of a Sailor,” in “ The Metropolifor his case—but still it takes off the horror which his bad looks inspired. All the time I was at

one of the merriest and dearest souls in existence, Stoke there was a suspicion blistering or rather and though diametrically opposite to me in politics, causticating my mind, that I had done wrong in is the best literary partner I could possibly have allowing Dr. Allen to remove him-on account of got; for I laugh at his Toryism, and make the some waywardness in his temper—from being a

publication Whiggish, in spite of his teeth. And parlor-boarder, to live in a house where the keep. I often threaten to make personal attacks upon

as my editorial power is absolute and dictatorial, ers have patients

. But imagine the relief that him, by name and surname, in “ The Metropolicame into my heart, when my son told me that he liked his new residence better than his old Chamier, though the merriest joker in the world,

," if he presumes to interfere with me! But “ • When I was with you, I was uncertain of

is a shrewd, active, and business-like man. I being one of the proprietors of the journal— 1 expect great gains from our co-operation. So “ The Metropolitan -which I conduct. Let the God save our gracious King William the Fourth! name of my brother poet, Rogers, be for ever sa

preserve my sister Mary! and speed the sale of cred. He has bought me a share in the partner

Metropolitan!"

T.C.'" ship; and, with noble generosity, has refused even the mor/gnge of my Scottish property, as security “ . Dec. 21st.

I mentioned to you for the debt. But mortgaged my Scotch property having been enabled by my worthy friend Rogers, shall be in order that he may be secure.

to purchase a third share of a periodical. Ima“ . All this time I am an egotist. But egotism gine how foolish I looked when I found the concern is, after all,a compliment to those for whom we may

a bubble. After weeks of agitation and many a be believed bona fide to bear a regard. In the sleepless night, I got back the money by dint of midst of all my egotism, your Derbyshire has a remonstrance, and Rogers has got it again, though pleasant hold over my imagination. You are with he kindly offered to let me have it for another me, and your music. Never did I surrender to purpose. It was not till the business was settled, any one but to you my verses on - They some ten days ago, tbat I could retire with an easy were too sacred (as to my feelings) to be given to mind to my cabin here, where I am fallen once the printer. My mind and heart are full of Der more in love with the sea ; and I have now set .

myself down in earnest, and with my heart and T.C.' hand disembarrassed, to · Mrs. Siddons' Lise.'"

one.

“ The first notice of a • Polish association' Mr. Rogers' money was repaid, and Mr. occurs in the following passage : " " Oct. 18th. To-morrow I am obliged to stop litan” ceased. He probably escaped a bad

Campbell's connection with the “Metropoin town, out of compassion to the poet, whose grief in his old age may well be bargain, and saved himself from annoyances imagined. I am forming an Association which that he was ill able to meet. will support the good old man, and, I dare say, all Mr. Campbell was desirous for the formathe other Polish exiles.

tion of unions of literary men, to avoid the “ Turning from that horrid subject, let me tell expense of publishing. Booksellers he conyou a piece of good luck. Captain Chamier, the sidered extravagant in their profits, and selfish principal proprietor of “ The Metropolitan,” who in their transactions. And yet, no living is very much attached to me, has always been pressing me to take a share in the work; but as

man was less competent to do without them. it could not be got without money, and as I had The trade, we suspect, are not too well paid given all my money to the Poles, I told him it was

-and from no class of men did Mr. Campin vain to ask me to take a share. * Ibell experience more kindness and considerawent to Rogers and said I would insure my life, tion. Mr. Moxon, the publisher, and Dr. and hand over my library to him—which has been Beattie, his biographer, were the only English valued by an impartial bookseller at £700 at least. friends who followed the poet to Boulogne, He said, “ you shall neither insure your life, nor hand over your library ;

where he had gone in search of health ; but

vou shall have the money when you want it." Noble, generous,

only to die. They were with him for some beautiful conduct! I am to get the £500 to-mor- days previously to the 10th June, 1844; and row; but in spite of his prohibition, I have in with him when he died on the afternoon of sured my life, and I have got a legal instrument that day. The last years of his life cannot

be contemplated without regret. Eminently self before the public. He was diffident-domestic in all his habits and manner of willing to work, but waiting to be called. thought, he was ill able to bear solitude in the His private correspondence exhibits noble world, which, except for the kindness and points in his character. No man could havo attention of a young lady, his niece, he would been more generous and self-denying to all have felt most severely. In looking over his who had the slightest claim on his regard. life, also, we are apt to think that he should | He was actuated by the purest patriotism; have risen higher in the world, with the gen- and in his death the country lost its first lyriius and the general talents that he possessed. cal poet, and one of its most attached and But the want of patronage was his first ob- enlightened citizens. stacle, and clung to him in some measure Dr. Beattie has executed his late friend's through life. He was fitted to render greater | commission with the greatest care, and propublic services than were ever required at his duced one of the most interesting biographies hands, but he was not qualified to push him- of our time.

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On all her breezes borne,

Pe this thy constant aim, Earth yields no scents like those ;

Thy prayer and thy delight; But he that dares not grasp the thorn What matters who should whisper blame, Should never crave the rose.

Or who should scorn or slight ?Arm, arm thee for the fight!

What matters, if thy God approve, Cast useless loads away;

And if, within thy breast, Watch through the darkest hours of night; | Thou feel the comfort of His love, Toil through the hottest day.

The earnest of His rest?

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Froin the Edinburgh Review.

THE PROGRESS OF MECHANICAL INVENTION.

1. The Patent Journal. Nos. 1–100. London : 1846-7-8. 2. The Mechanic's Magazine. Vols. XLVII and XLVIII. London: 1846–7–8.

Prosaic and business-like as the contents graph, should still waste years in a search for of these volumes appear, there are perhaps the perpetual motion? Yet such is the fact; few works that would be found upon exam and one such machine, at least, may even ination to contain more of the elements of now be seen in London, by those who have tragedy. Not the rejected addresses' of more faith than knowledge, pursuing its etersaitors for royal favors—not the scrolls nal revolutions. which despairing lovers hung in the temple In the majority of instances, we apprehend of Leucadia before they took the all-curing that these inventors are but little acquainted leap—could exhibit a more melancholy re with the practical details of the branches of cord of profitless labors and disappointed art or manufacture whereon they exercise hopes! And to arrive at this conclusion, their ingenuity. They attempt to do better there is little need to inquire into the subse- than other men, things which they do not quent history of the inventions, or the in- know how to do at all

. And if, perchance, ventors. The simple perusa) of their own some remark be hazarded as to their want specifications, aided by a very moderate de- of experience, they consider it sufficient to gree of scientific knowledge, will suffice to reply, that Arkwright was a barber, and prove that, nine times out of ten, all the la- Cartwright a clergyman; that Sir William bor and expense that have been lavished Herschel taught music before he became upon the production of these cunningly de- the celebrated astronomer, and Sir Michael vised engines could result in nothing but Faraday passed the earlier years of life in total failure. Nor do the inventors appear practicing the handicraft art of bookbinding. to profit by example. In spite of the abun Considering that the state of the law rendant warnings held out to them in the fate ders the privilege of a patent both expenof their predecessors, they persist in adopt- sive* and difficult of attainment, and that ing the same inefficient means, the same de the whole cost, in addition to that required fective constructions; or in hopeless attempts for completing the invention, must be into extort from some natural agent the per- curred before any benefit can possibly be deformance of tasks for which it is manifestly rived ; it becomes an inquiry of some inteunfitted. Nay, the identical mechanism, that rest to trace the motives that lead men, many has broken down a dozen times in other of whom are sufficiently needy and busy alhands, is once more made the subject of new ready, to embark upon enterprises so hopepatents, by men who are not only ignorant less. One chief cause may, perhaps, be deof the simple, scientific principles which tected in that propensity to gambling which would have taught them their folly, but who is unfortunately so prevalent in every stage do not know the fact that the self-same ideas of civilization. In literature, as in manufachave long since been worked out, and abandon tures-among members of the learned, the ed as impracticable. Without skill to shape military, and even the clerical professions, as their own course, they cannot perceive the scattered debris that might warn them of * In England, the first expense of a patent for the impending shipwreck. Is it credible that

three kingdoms is 3451. in fees alone, which must be ingenious men, who have seen or heard of breveté pays an annual sum for the privilege as long

paid beforehand. In France, every article that is the suspension tunnel, and the electric tele as it lasts.

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