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LOUIS NAPOLEON BONAPARTE.*
The election of Louis Napoleon to the burg, in October, 1836, completely failed, Presidency of the French Republic will na but after a short imprisonment in Paris, he turally excite some curiosity in regard to his was sent to this country. The illness of his history and public character
. Hitherto he mother occasioned his return the following has only been known through the foolish year, and after a visit to Switzerland he took affairs at Strasburg and Boulogne; his pub- up his residence in England until his second lished works, notwithstanding the merits attempt at Boulogne, in 1840. claimed from them by his adherents, having In this affair several of his followers were failed to enlarge his reputation. His life has, killed, and he was himself taken and sen, nevertheless, been somewhat eventful, and tenced to imprisonment for life in the Castle he does not lack the advantage of varied of Ham. The particulars of his escape in fortune and severe experience. Whether he May, 1846, after an incarceration of six has profited remains to be seen. From such | years, are well known. From that time hasty materials as we could procure, we have until the end of September last, when he arranged for the Tribune the following brief was returned as a Deputy to the National notice of his history:
Assembly from the Department of the Seine, Charles Louis Napoleon, son of Louis, ex he has resided in England. A late London king of Holland, was born in Paris on the journal, in describing his mode of life, gives 20th of April, 1808. His god-parents were the following not very flattering account: the Emperor and Maria Louisa, and during “ He was unscrupulous in contracting obhis childhood he was an especial favorite of ligations which were wholly beyond his the former. On the return of Napoleon means of repayment; and his most serious from Elba, he stood beside him on the Champ pursuit was the study of alchemy, by which de Mars, and when embraced by him for the he expected to arrive at the discovery of the last time, at Malmaison, the young Louis, philosopher's stone. So vigorously did he then a boy of seven years, wished to follow prosecute this exploded soience, at a house him at all hazards. When the family was which he had fitted up as a laboratory at banished from France, his mother removed to Camberwell, and so firm was his faith in the Augsburg, where he received a good Ger- charlatan empiric whom he employed to aid man education. He was afterward taken to him in transmuting the baser metals into Switzerland, where he obtained the right of gold, that he is said to have actually approcitizenship and commenced a course of mili- priated his revenue in anticipation, and to tary studies. After the July Revolution, by have devoted the first milliard of his gains which he was a second time proscribed from to the payment of the national debt of France, he visited Italy in company with his France, in order to acquire thus an imperial brother, and in 1831 took part in a popular throne by purchase ?” insurrection against the Pope.
This move The large majority by which he was ment failed, but he suceeeded in making his elected a Representative astonishes every escape, and, his brother dying at Forli the one, and gave his followers the first ensame year, he visited England and afterward couragement to bring forth his name as a returned to Switzerland, where, for two or candidate for the Presidency. To defeat the three years, he contented himself with writ- acknowledged Republican party, he received ing poetical and military works, which do not also the support of the Legitimists and Orappear to have been extensively read. The leanists, and those combined influences have death of the Duke of Reichstadt, in 1832, elected him by an immense majority. The gave a new impulse to his ambitious hopes. rest must be left to Time and Fate. His first revolutionary attempt, at Stras
* See Engraving.
From Tait's Magazine.
LIFE AND LETTERS OF THOMAS CAMPBELL.
of the person in
The preparation of this biography by Dr. roll permitted, he was compelled to sell bis Beattie, the friend and the physieian of Tho- land to a half-brother, and, proceeding to mas Campbell, has been known for some London, lived as a literary man—a precaritime; and the three volumes now published ous living at any period, and peculiarly are the result of his labors. The history of hazardous in the last century. He died in Thomas Campbell is one of an almost en London, “in very reduced circumstances.” tirely literary character. The late poet was The second brother, Archibald, studied for strictly a literary man. He followed no the Presbyterian Church ; and having for other profession permanently, and he was some time been minister of a Scotch congreeminently successful in that path whereon gation in Jamaica, he ultimately settled in he was partly forced. The biographer has Virginia, United States. A son of this genendeavored to make the poet tell the story
tleman afterwards succeeded to the original of his own life, by quoting largely from his family estate-a small parcel, in a large proletters, and often interspersing only such perty to which he became entitled by the connecting links as appeared to be absolutely law of entail. Alexander, the third son, necessary. This plan has advantages, and it was engaged in the mercantile profession. is not without disadvantages. The public But we quote Dr. Beattie's account of generally prefer to have a history of this nature not in the words of the biographer,
THE POET'S FAMILY. but in the letters and papers
“ Alexander, the youngest of the three sons whom they are most interested. The “Life
of Archibald Campbell, and father of the poet, was of Keats” has been produced in a similar born in 1710. He was educated with a view to
mercantile pursuits; and early in life went to style, but on a smaller scale, by its noble
America, where he entered into business, and reeditor. The disadvantages inseparable from sided many years at Falmouth, in Virginia. There this plan are, that we have a redundancy of he had the pleasure of receiving his brother Archiwriting often on trivial matters, and on bald, on his first quitting Jamaica to settle in the points evidently considered by the writer of
United States; and there also, some ten years minor importance.
In preparing old let- afterwards, while he was making his way in busiters for the press, this course can scarcely
ness very satisfactorily, he formed an intimate be avoided. The plan, however, appears to
acquaintance with Daniel Campbell, a clansman,
but no blood relation, of the Campbells of Kirhave been suggested by Campbell himself. nan. He was the son of Jobu Campbell, and his Dr. Beattie is not a volunteer in the matter. wife Mary, daughter of Robert Simpson. John He was brought under a promise by his late Campbell was a merchant in Glasgow, nearly friend to write this work. A number of the related to the Campbells of Craignish, an old necessary papers were put into his possession Argyleshire family. The Simpsons had been for by Mr. Campbell prior to his death. Dr.
many generations residents in the city, or imine
diate neighborhood, of Glasgow, where they posBeattie was thus compelled to take the work
sessed several small estates. An old tradition, in hand, which he has now discharged in a still current among the collateral descendants-for style that will be satisfactory to the many Robert Simpson died without male issue-states friends of the author of the “ Pleasures of that the progenitor of the Simpsons was 'a celeHope.” The first chapter contains a genea
brated royal armorer' to the King of Scotland. In logical statement of Campbell's ancestry.
that capacity, it is said, he fashioned two broadHis grandfather was Laird of Kirnan, in Ar: swords, of exquisite temper and workmanship ; one
of which he presented on the centenary anniversgyleshire. At his death, Robert Campbell,
ary of the battle of Bannockburn, to the Duke of the poet's uncle, succeeded to the estate ; Albany, Regent of Scotland; the other he retained and living more extravagantly than the rent as an heir-loom in his own family, where it is still
preserved. It is a plain but handsome blade, with | iel Campbell, the junior partner in the firm, always the date 1414 stamped upon it.
estimated his own individual loss at eleven or “Shortly after making the acquaintance of twelve thousand pounds ;' which might also be Daniel Campbell, at Falmouth, in Virginia, Alex considered as a liberal provision. But being a ander Campbell took final leave of the United younger man, with a smaller family to provide for States ; and, in the company of his friend, return than his brother-in-law, he could look to the ed to Glasgow, where they entered into copartner- future with more confidence, and take ship as Virginian traders, under the firm of Alex- decisive measures for repairing his ruined fortune. ander and Daniel Campbell. This connection To Alexander Campbell, now well stricken in proved very satisfactory. The partners became years, and the father of a very numerous family, more and more known and respected as men of the test by which his moral character was to be probity and experience; every way deserving the tried was not more sudden than it was severe. success which, for several years, rewarded their | Yet he submitted to it with equanimity, or even industry, and gained for them unlimited confidence cheerfulness; and made such efforts as his age in the trade. Daniel Campbell, the junior partner, and circumstances allowed for improving the had a sister named Margaret, born in 1736, and at very scanty residue which had been saved from the this time about the age of twenty. To her Alex wreck of his former affluence. In these efforts ander Campbell, though by repute a confirmed he was ably seconded by his wife, whose natural bachelor, and then at the mature age of forty-five, strength and energy of character were strikingly paid his addresses; and before another year had developed by the new cares and anxieties in which expired, the mercantile connection between the two she was now involved ; of the prudence with friends was cemented by a family tie. Alexander which, as a wife and a mother, she conducted her Campbell and Margaret Campbell were married in domestic affairs during the long struggle that enthe Cathedral Church of Glasgow, on the 12th of sued, there is the most pleasing and authentic January, 1756, in presence of their respective | testimony. To her, indeed, much of the high families. They began their domestic cares in a merit of having supported and educated her family large house in the High Street, which has long upon an income, that in the present day would since disappeared under the march of civic im- barely suffice to purchase the common necessaries provements. In this house the poet was born. of life, is unquestionably due. Among her conFrom the date of his marriage, in 1756, to the first temporary relatives, slie had always been considoutbreak of war with America, in 1775, Mr. Camp- ered as a person of much taste and refinement.' bell continued at the head of the firm; and every She was well educated for the age and sphere in successive year added something to the joint pros- which she moved, with considerable family pride, perity of himself and his partner. But at the disas as the daughter and wife of a Campbell, and with trous period, when the flag of war was unfurled much of a fond mother's ambition to see her between kindred people, the tide of prosperity | young family make their way in that respectable began to flow with less vigor into the Clyde. The station of life to which they were born. She was Virginia trade, hitherto so profitable, immediately passionately fond of music, particularly sacred changed its current; and among the first who music, and sang many of the popular melodies of felt, and were nearly ruined by the change, was Scotland with taste and effect. With the tradi. the now old and respectable firm of Alexander and tional songs of the Highlands, particularly ArgyleDaniel Campbell. Their united losses, arising shire, she was intimately acquainted; and from from the failure of other houses with which they her example it seems probable the love of song were connected, swept away the whole, or very was early imbibed and cultivated by her children. nearly the whole, amount of forty years' success “From the moment that the aspects of domesful industry-in fact the savings of a long life, tic concerns had changed, all the better features spent in this branch of mercantile pursuits. Our of Mrs. Campbell's character appeared in strong poet's father, at this time, was in the sixty-fifth relief; every indulgence which previous affluence year of his age. His daughter Mary, eldest of his had rendered habitual and graceful in the station ten surviving children, had not completed her she then occupied, was firmly, conscientiously nineteenth year; and the difficulties of his present abandoned. In her family arrangements a system position, greatly increased by the sad prospects as of rigid economy was so established, that no unto their future establishment in life, may be more reasonable expense on one occasion might increase easily imagined than described. The actual loss the difficulties of the next. 'She was,' to use the sustained by the senior partner, Mr. Alexander words applied to her by all who knew her intimateCampbell, in this unforeseen disaster, has been ly during these years of trials, an admirable manvariously estimated. After a careful examination ager, a clever woman.' It is pleasing to add, that of the accounts with which I have been furnished her unwearied exertions to prepare her children, by living representatives of the two families, I find by a good solid education, for a respectable eniť cannot have been much less than twenty thou- trance on the duties of life, were crowned with sand pounds-equivalent in those days to what success; and, during the last years of her long life, was considered an ample independence-particu- afforded her matter for great thankfulness, and larly in the west of Scotland, where industry and procured for her great comforts." frugality were leading features in the domestic life of a Glasgow merchant; and when luxury
Dr. Beattie adds to this statement a long and ostentation were very little known or practi. account of Mr. Campbell's family, who bore ced, even by the wealthiest of her citizens. Dan- up against the calamities that ruined their
fortune with great fortitude. It is remarka- | ing quietly in the Shettlestone road, when a parcel ble that several of his brothers, at different of blackguards came suddenly out and attacked periods, succeeded in realizing considerable us, without the least provocation! A carter, property in their mercantile pursuits in the however, who had let me be put into his empty colonies and in the United States, which fair; namely, that the weavers of Shettlestone
cart, gave a totally different statement of the afwere always lost by some misfortune. The had only come out to protect their tender offspring family consisted of eight sons and three from our slings and stones! Nor was this enough; daughters; and the second or family chapter the arch-fiend had another victory over me, which in the biography concludes thus :
I felt more than my bruised bones—namely, in my
being exposed before my venerable father, who “ All this talented family—parents, brothers and had always prided himself on my love of truth, for sisters-it was the poet's destiny to survive, and
a tacit adıission of what my Glasgow seniors in to find himself at last in the very position which he The fate of this expedition was what his compan.
the combat had given as the true statement.' has so feelingly described
ions called a " settler ;' a long armistice succeeded, A brotherless hermit, the last of his race.' and the Poet was not again. summoned to witness
any fray,' for at least six weeks. The scars and Thomas Campbell was born on the 27th bruises which, as it afterwards appeared, he had July, 1777, and died at Boulogne on the received in this inglorious retreat, were so severe 15th June, 1844, in his 67th year. He ap- his own room.
as to occasion his being laid up for some time in pears never to have enjoyed a robust constitution, and even at an early age he was sent The wounded lad commenced to write from Glasgow on account of his health-a verses under his affliction, and succeeded betpractice now followed for some weeks ofter than on any previous trial. At this time, each summer by all, or nearly all, the fami- although not more than thirteen to fourteen lies of that city by whom the expenditure years of age, he translated Greek with great can be afforded. The house of the Camp- facility. The poet's family were educated bells was in the High Street of Glasgow, into a strict love of truth—their household not now a healthy locality; and there is no was regulated on religious principles, and reason to suppose that it was better then. the example placed before them was most At school, Campbell was distinguished by advantageous; but these influences were inapplication rather than genius; although, at sufficient to preserve the poet youth from an an early age, he wrote verses, of which his untoward occurrence, and his biographer biographer gives specimens, nothing better has disclosed the ridiculous consequences than those that every smart lad writes attendant on during some part of his school life, and wisely learns. At the Grammar School he became an enthusiastic admirer of Greek ; “ In the midst of all his preparations for the and a passion for the Greek orators and college campaign, young Campbell did not confine poets distinguished him during life. He himself so closely to his books as not to take his does not appear to have engaged often in the full share in all the ploys-good, bad, or indifferwarlike pursuits of the school; and when he ent-in which the other spirited boys of the school entered on this field, his efforts were unsuc
were but too diligently engaged. He appears, in
deed, to have eschewed all further intercourse cessful, as appears from his defeat and with the Shettlestone weavers, or their tender wounds at one of the many
offspring,' and to have taken no further interest, personally at least, in any of the stone-battles'
that were subsequently fought, in the vain hope “I had always deemed it a heinous sin to en- of retrieving their disasters. In this ' non-intergage in stone-battles, although they were favorite vention,' his father's commands were peremptory. diversions among the Glasgow urchins. But one But he had also reasoned coolly, no doubt, when day there was an expedition fitted out, with slings laid up with his wounds, on the evil consequences and round stones, against the boys of Shettlestone, of such international warfare, and resolved in fuan adjoining village. A spirit of evil seduced me ture to confine himself to the theory. He there. to join in it; although the grounds of hostility, it fore contented himself with Homer's descriptions, must be confessed, were scarcely more rational where there was certainly all the sublimity of batthan those of most international wars. I paid tles, without any risk from the Shettlestone dearly, however, for my folly. We were soundly | infantry, whose sudden irruption had given so licked, and, from the shortness of my limbs, being unexpected a turn to the fortunes of his class. one of the last in retreat, I got so sorely pelted They were a formidable tribe ; for although worstthat I could not walk home. Some of the bigger ed and routed, their retreat—like that of young Glasgow boys brought me to my father's house ; Parthians--was quite as dangerous as their adthere they gravely stated that we had been walk- | vance; and besides, there might not be always, as
A SERIES OF FICTIONS.
BATTLES OF SHETTLESTONE.
in the recent engagement, an empty cart for the “ Never was evidence more conclusive. Both benefit of the wounded.
the culprits would have gladly confessed the trick, " But while the young philosopher cautiously and implored pardon, but they were speechless ; avoided all further skirmishing, he was unhappily and in as much consternation as if the grimly not proof against temptations at home, which ghost of Mrs. Simpson herself had delivered the convinced him in the end that political intrigue is fatal message. Mr. and Mrs. Campbell looked sometimes even worse than open warfare. The at the letter, then at their two hopeful sons, and trap was set by a wily hand; and, as that hand then at one another; but such were their grief was a brother's, Thomas never suspected that the and astonishment that neither of them for some well-known waggery of Dariel was to be played off minutes could utter a word. upon himself.
My mother,' says he had a “. At last,' says the poet,' my mother's grief cousin, an old bedrid lady, of the name of Simp- for the death of her respected cousin vented itself son, about whose frail life she felt great anxiety ; in cuffing our ears. But I was far less pained by but, being herself a martyr to rheumatism, she her blows than by a few words from my father. was unable to visit her personally. She therefore He never raised a hand to us; and I would adsent, every day, either my brother or myself, a dis- vise all fathers who would have their children to tance of nearly two miles, to inquire · How Mrs. love their memory, to follow his example.'” Simpson had rested last night, and how she felt herself this morning? One day,' he continues, Although the preceding anecdote says
that I was sent to fetch the bulletin, which would little for Campbell's honor as a boy, or even have kept me from a nice party that was to go his respect for his parents and their friends, ed, with tears in my eyes, to my brother Daniel, yet he was, notwithstanding these appearabout this deil of an auld wife, that would neither ances, a generous lad ; and at school, when die nor get better. "Tut, man,' said my crafty broils arose, he generally avoided them, or brother, ' can't you just do as I do ?' 'And what's took the weakest side. The little anecdote that ?' Why, just say that she's better, or worse, which we copy will remind many persons of without taking the trouble of going so far to in their own school-boy days; when it was an quire.' This seemed a piece of excellent advice; article of scholastic faith, that our countrybut a philosopher under 13 could see clearly that some untoward event might throw discredit upon
men were superior in all qualities whatever, the bulletin. Daniel, however, with his usual but especially in those of a pugnacious chargravity, proved to demonstration that there was acter. The anecdote is quite characteristic no risk whatever in the plan, or why should he of the sad results which were sown by have carried it on so long? Well, thought I, • there was something in that.' It would certainly be a great saving of time,' said Daniel. I said I thought it would; so having adopted the plan “ Amongst his favorite comrades were several as a great means of saving time, we continued to who afterwards distinguished themselves as men report in this manner for weeks and months; and of science and commercial enterprise. One of finding that a bad bulletin only sent us back earlier the latter was Ralph Stevenson, a sworn asnext morning, we agreed that the old lady should sociate, and now, probably, the only survivor, of get better.' These favorable reports of her dear that juvenile party of which the young poet was cousin's health were very gratifying to Mrs. Camp- the acknowledged leader. In the school, at that bell. No suspicion whatever attached to the time, as Mr. Stevenson informs me, there was a bulletins, as they were reported every morning : good deal of skirmishing among the tyros of the • Mrs. Simpson's kind compliments to mamma; different forms; and, being an English boy, he has had a better night, and is going on very nice had now and then to vindicate the honor of his ly.' And thus the poet and his brother took ad-country by personal conflicts with the · Scotch vantage of every nice party' that was made up, callants,' who could not forgive the murder of either for picking · blackberries,' or any other ploy Sir William Wallace !' But whenever there apof equal interest and importance. But the pleas- peared anything like unfairness, Campbell was ing deception could not last much longer; truth, always at hand to take his part, telling the “boythat had been so ingeniously defrauded, was about belligerents' that generosity to strangers was a to make reprisals upon the young culprits. This, Scotch virtue, practiced by Wallace himself. 100, was at the very moment when they were · Besides,' he added, rather haughtily, it was a starting to spend a long day in the country. “But shame in them to speak of his English friend as if wae's me,' says Campbell, on that very morning he were no better than one of themselves. If on which we had the audacity to announce that this reinonstrance failed to restore peace, or to • Mrs. Simpson was quite recovered,' there comes establish the war on an equal footing, Campbell's to our father a letter, as broad and long as a brick, arm was at the service of his friend. Ile was no with cross-bones and a grinning death's-head upon cool spectator of these bickerings; whenever its seal, and indited thus : “Sir-Whereas, Mrs. there was apparent wrong, he insisted upon reJane Simpson, relict of the late Mr. Andrew dress, and in all such cases of petty aggression Simpson, merchant in Glasgow,died on Wednesday he took part with the injured. May we not conthe 4th instant, you are hereby requested to attend | sider these little traits as the marked indication of her funeral on Monday next, at ten o'clock, A.M.' that generous spirit, which, after the lapse of a