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tired in the shroud in which he had so | noble and manly figure, full of majesty and recently appeared, and laid in a coffin of dignity. His countenance was extremely lead, which was again inclosed in one of pale, his eyes blue, his hair auburn. His chesnut, covered with black velvet; the fu- aspect was grave, and a smile but rarely apneral procession again wended its way to the peared upon his face. chapel, and the remains of the once great We have thus placed before our readers a Emperor were laid beneath the high altar. brief sketch of some of the prominent featThey were doomed to be speedily disturbed, ures in the career of the Emperor Charles the however, for two days after the Corregidor Fifth, a career not only interesting but in the of Placentia came to demand the body, and highest degree suggestive and instructive. although he was prevailed on, after much | We have viewed bim surrounded by all the entreaty, to leave it where it was, he insisted | pomp of royalty and attributes of power; we on the coffin's being opened, in order that he have accompanied him through sad reverses ; might see the face. The features had under we have followed him to his retreat; we have gone but little alteration, and the spectators / traced the prostration of his mind and body, gazed upon them for the last time, with min-have witnessed the extinction of the spark of gled awe and sorrow.

life, and seen his remains consigned to the Thus died, in the fifty-ninth year of his silent tomb. age and forty-third of his reign, the Emperor

“En terra jam nunc quantula sn licit! Charles the Fifth. In his youth, and before

Exempta sit curis, viator, he was bowed down by illness, he was a Terra sit illa levis, precare !"


Tus highly esteemed evangelical minister, protection to trade and commerce, that the now a seceder from the Church of England, House of Assembly at Barbadoes voted hiin is maternally descended from an ancient their thanks and a valuable sword. In 1758, Scotch family in Kincardineshire, and is, be he was promoted to the rank of Post-Capsides, paternally related to the noble house tain ; in 1774, Controller of the navy. In of Hamilton, as will be seen by the following 1781, he was created a Baronet, with remaingenealogical sketch : The lands of Middleton der to his son-in-law, Gerard Noel- Noel. in Kincardineshire were in possession of the In 1784, he was elected Member for Rochesfamily of Middleton so early as 1094. Inter; in 1787, promoted to the rank of rear1660, John Middleton was created Earl of Admiral; in 1795, to that of vice-Admiral; Middleton ; but the title was forfeited by the in 1805, Admiral of the red-squadron of His second Earl, Charles, in 1695. From him | Majesty's fieet; and in the same year he bedescended Robert Middleton, who married came First Lord of the Admiralty, a Member Helen, daughter of Charles Dundas, son of of the Privy Council, and a Peer of the Sir James Dundas, of Arniston, by whom he realm, by the title of Baron Barham, with rehad two sons. Charles, his second son, born | mainder to his only child Diana, wife of Sir in 1726, entered the royal navy at an early Gerard Noel-Noel, great-grandson of the age; and while commander of a 20 gun fourth Duke of Hamilton. The fruits of this ship in the West Indies, by his courage and marriage were a family of eighteen children, assiduity, took and destroyed a number of of whom the Hon. and Rev. Baptist WriothesFrench privateers, and afforded such effectual ley Noel was the sixteenth.-Witness.

From Tait's Magazine.


Diary and Correspondence of Samuel Pepys, Corrected and Enlarged, with additional

Notes, Illustrative and Explanatory. Edited by Richard LORD BRAYBROOKE,

No study is more interesting or important they wished the world to think them. For than the study of man.


may be pursued this, and many other reasons, is the diary through a variety of means. We

may ob- valuable; and among the numerous claims it serve his manners, tastes and habits ; we may possesses to the attention of the public, is the listen to his conversation, and mark the influ- graphic yet simple language in which the able ence he endeavors to exercise over the minds but simple-minded Clerk of the Acts relates of other men. All these may serve as indi- his extraordinary experience. cations of character, but the means by which Born during one of the most eventful pewe may most surely arrive at the truth is the riods of our history, educated in the spirit of perusal of the thoughts of the secret pages of the times, and thrown by the accidents of the mind. Every other medium may prove fortune into the very centre of political movefalse ; this alone is unerring.

ment, no man could have been better fitted It is seldom, however, that an individual than Samuel Pepys to present us with a will allow us to read his soul, or trace his faithful picture of the Court, of public opinactions to their motive. We must, in gene- ion, and of the state of society as it existed in ral, be content with watching the changing his age. Our diarist, while delineating other and deceptive surface of events, while the men, paints also himself, and by mingling the steady undercurrent flows on, concealed from description of his conduct as a public servant the curious gaze. When, therefore, it is pos- with that of his domestic eccentricities, consible to unlock the secret depositories of vinces us of his sincerity. We know he is thought, and reveal the hidden springs of writing the truth, for he never flatters himaction, the privilege must be considered as self nor others, but exhibits, with his abilities, eminently valuable, and the more so when we his success, and his virtues, his faults and are permitted to investigate the motives of failings, his follies and his foibles, with the such men as Samuel Pepys, who enjoyed same degree of frankness. Certainly the high offices, and fulfilled their duties with diary was never intended by him for publicadistinguished ability, if not with the most tion-of this we have undoubted testimony. scrupulous conscience, and who exerted con Indeed, were such not the fact, its value siderable influence over the affairs of the pe- would be immensely diminished in our eyes ; riod. His diary is valuable as depicting to us and instead of ranking, as it now does, among many of the most important characters of the the most curious and interesting works which times. Its author has bequeathed us the the present century has produced, it would records of his heart, the very reflection of his dwindle down in our esteem to a mere lively energetic mind; and his quaint but happy fiction. narrative clears up numerous disputed points, Samuel Pepys was born on the 23d of throws light into many of the dark corners of February, 1632, whether at Brampton, a history, and lays bare the hidden substratum small country town, or in London, is a disof events which gave birth to, and supported, puted point. The first germs of that varied the visible progress of the nation. We are knowledge which afterwards contributed to introduced to the public characters of his carry him so successfully through the world, time, divested of those deceptive trappings were planted in his mind at Huntingdon. which led their contemporaries and biogra- Thence he was removed to St. Paul's school, phers to view them, not as they were, but as and thence to Trinity College, Cambridge.

The early years of his life are enveloped in | abroad that some one would rise up in the obscurity. A large portion of them seem to House of Commons and protest against the have been passed under the roof of a noble restoration of Charles Stuart, a damp fell relative, Sir Edward Montague, though what upon men's minds, which was only dissipated situation he filled in this family is not deter- by the assurance that no such protest would mined. Indeed, until the commencement of be permitted. All the incidents connected the present diary we can find no authentic with these important movements are related account of his life. He began to write it with faithful minuteness. We trace events shortly after he was appointed as clerk in from their very roots, and see how they some office of the Exchequer, connected with branch and give birth to others, which ramify the pay of the army; and we propose ac- through the whole complicated scheme of companying him through some portions at public affairs. Taking himself as the centre least of his experience, and touching on a few of the narrative, Pepys describes a wide cirof the curious passages of his life.

cle, and makes us intimately acquainted with Pepys introduces himself to us on the 1st all who came within its range. The diary is of January, 1659, in a garret in Ale Yard, a history both of persons and opinions. with his wife and servant, living in frugal Following the humble clerk in his progress, style ; yet, in spite of his humble position, we find him writing with a steady hand for not without influence in high quarters. For his own advancement, making friends in a considerable time we find him engaged in every quarter, and conciliating those whom public business, an account of which he sets he fancied to be hostilely inclined. It was at down with scrupulous accuracy, occasionally once perceived by his friends that he would pausing to describe the good dinners he en rise to power and influence, and those who joyed, and the little inconveniences he suffer- could not hope to step before him, pushed ed, in his daily walks to and from the office. him on, trusting that from his elevation he This portion of the diary, in addition to its might lend a helping hand to them. By intrinsic value as a record of affairs during the whatever means, however, the conclusion was period of the Restoration, is curious in the ex- brought about, certain it is that, on the 22d treme, when regarded as a picture of the of March, 1660, we find Pepys, after passing times—a representation of manners and habits through much trouble, and smoothing down, which would clash strangely with modern by his ability and industry, countless obstanotions of civilization. Pepys describes how cles, receiving his warrant as secretary to the he came home with his wife one evening two generals of the fleet. “Strange,” he through the Park, when a poor woman offer- says, alluding to the venality of those around ed to race her for a pot of ale, and, moreover, him, “how people do now promise me anywon the wager. Numerous instances of this thing—one a rapier, the other a vessel of sort occur; and in every page we discover wine, or a gun, and one offered me a silver testimony of the immense alteration which hatband to do him a service. I pray God to has since taken place in the topography as keep me from being proud, or too much lifted well as the state of society in the metropolis. up hereby.” We find mention of a little water-brook which Embarking on board Sir E. Montague's traversed the Strand, and found its outlet in ship, Samuel Pepys accompanied the expedithe Thames ; and of numerous other facts tion sent to bring Charles II. to England. which attest the change that has since come During the many negotiations which attended over the aspect of London. But, perhaps, this movement, our diarist was continually the most engrossing feature in this portion of surrounded by those who trusted to profit by the diary, is the extraordinary excitement his friendship. Each sought to win his rewhich appears to have prevailed throughout gard. One sent him a piece of gold, another society with regard to the movements of Gen- a vessel of wine, another some costly ornaeral Monk. For a long time his intentions ments, another assailed his ears with adulawere hidden in uncertainty ; but when it at tion, another courted his friendship by promlength became publicly known that he had ises, while others endeavored to secure it by declared for the King, London appears to unblushing bribery. Nowhere, however, do have been frenzied with joy. From one end we find Pepys occupying himself with his to the other the city was red with the blaze own affairs to the prejudice of his duties as a of bonfires, and the incessant chime of bells public servant. He pursues his functions attested the general feeling. The King's with unwearying vigor, writing and reading health, hitherto interdicted, was drank in the memorials, receiving deputations, holding public streets; and when a rumor went | counsel with the naval authorities, and de

spatching an infinite variety of business. His direct me what to do herein,” says our diarist. advice appears to have been sought, and often But he appears soon to have made up his acted upon, by the most distinguished indi- mind ; for on the 20th of June he received viduals. lle was employed to draw up a the warrant, and his altered position now very important vote relative to the decision of begins to show itself in a more profuse style a council of war, and expressing that which of living, in more costly clothes, and greater was most favorable to the monarchy. Pepys indulgence of his tastes, at all times eccentric thus describes its reception :

and extravagant. Yet Pepys, though holding “ He that can funcy a fleet like ours, in her a very important civil post, receiving a handpride, with pendants loose, guns roaring; caps loved to busy himself with the most homely

some salary, and mingling in noble society, flying, and the lond. Vive le rois !' echoed from. che ship's company to another, he, and he only, domestic arrangements, and found amusement can apprehend the joy this vote was received with in the most trifling incidents. In one page he or the blessing he thought himself possessed of describes how he caused his servant girl to that bore it."

wash the wainscot of his parlor, and how

this afforded him great sport; and in the On the 14th of May the expedition arrived next relates the entertainment he derived at its destination, and on the 23d the King from seeing a gentleman fall into a kennel in embarked amid, as Pepys expresses, an infi- | the Poultry. nite and confused shooting of guns.


The Duke of Gloucester died early in Majesty entertained the officers during the September, 1600, and caused a great gap at homeward passage with the account of his Court. His funeral was celebrated with adventures, perils and escapes, and, finally, on some pomp, though Pepys, while making the 29th of May, entered Whitehall in tri- much account of the mourning he purchased umph. We find this passage of English for himself and his wife, describes little of the history thus described in a quaint but curious ceremony; preferring to ramble on to an and rare book very nearly out of priat: account of his drinking wine at the Hope

Tavern, eating 200 walnuts, and receiving a “ And it came to pass on the 29th day of the barrel of samphire from a friend. Appointed fifth month, which is called May, that the King was conducted in greit state to his palace at

one of the justices of peace for Middlesex, Whitehall, and all the people shouted, saying, Kent, Essex, and Southampton, he confesses, *Long live the King !***

with ingenuous frankness, that though might

ily pleased with this honor, he is wholly ignoThe secretary to the two generals is now rant of the attendant duties.* again in London, where we find him alternate Pepys was, of course, attached to royalty, ly devoting his time and attention to busi- and accordingly we find him writing and ness and pleasure, new suits, and choice speaking of King Charles with the utmost dinners. Flattery and bribes attend him inces- respect, paying deference to his slightest wish, santly. Now he finds, on returning home from rejoicing at the punishment of his enemies, his office, that a packet of chocolate (a rarity and exerting himself vigorously in his service; then) has been left for him, now five pounds but, when describing a visit to Sir W. Batare slipped into his hand, now a silver case ten's house, he lets out the fact that in his is presented to his wife, and now a case of cost- earlier years he was a furious enemy of king ly liquors comes unordered to his door. About and crown. Speaking of his meeting with this time it was thought fit in inlluential an old schoolfellow, a deadly drinker," as quarters that Pepys should be rewarded for he terms him, he says: “I was much afraid his services during the expedition to ilolland, he would remember the words I said on the and a place was sought for him. The situa- day when the King was beheaded—that, tion of Clerk of the Acts was an important were I to preach upon him, my text should one, and numerous were those who aspired to be, .The memory of the wicked shall rot.' its dignity and emolument. It was hinted However, the Clerk of the acts suficiently that Pepys was to fill it, and the rumor proves, that if he once entertained ideas inicaused great excitement among those who mical to royalty, he abandoned them as he aspired to the post. One individual offered grew older, and we find him as staunch and him £500 to desist from it. “I pray God loyal a subject as even a king could wish.

* «The Chronicles of the Kings of England, by * Ilow strangely the following sentence sounds in Nathan Ben D. Saddi, a Servant of God, of the these days :-“I did send for a cup of tea (a China House of Israel."

drink) of which I never drank before."


Yet, though courtly in his predilections, he night, the rejoicing of the dense multitudes, is as homely and domestic as the most humble the thronged streets, and the bonfires which tradesman. Some strange points of his surrounded London with a light like a glory. character show themselves in the following The merry-making and drinking which conextract:

cluded the day somewhat unsetiled his head,

but we, nevertheless, find him at the proper “My father and I discoursed seriously about hour in his office. He received a message my sister's coming to live with me; and yet I am from his uncle a few days after, begging much afraid of her ill nature. I told her plainly, my mind was to have her come not as a sister bủi that he would send down to a poor man, as a servant; which she promised me that she named Perkins, a miller, whose mill the wind would, and with many thanks did weep for joy. had destroyed, an old fiddle, “ for he hath

Found my wife making of pies and nothing now to live by but fiddling, and tarts to try the oven with, but not knowing the he must needs have it by Whitsuntide to nature of it, did heat it too hot, and so a little play to the country girls : but it vexed me overbake our things; but knows how to do bet

to see how


uncle writes to me, as if he ter another time. “ 15th (Nov).--To Sir W. Batten's to dinner,

were not able to buy him one. But I intend he having a couple of servants married to-day, to-morrow to send him one.” and as there was a number of merchants and Pepys gained the confidence, if not the others of good quality, on purpose after dinner to friendship, of most of those with whom he make an offering, which, after dinner we did, and was associated. The secrets of state were I did give ten shillings, and no more, though I no secrets to him. That which was a mysbelieve most of them did give more, and did betery to the popular eye was revealed to lieve that I did so too. "21st.-At night to my violin (the first time I

his favored gaze; and intrigue, and cautious have played on it in this house) in my dining- diplomacy, were often regulated by his adroom, and afterwards to my lute there, and I took vice. About the beginning of July, 1661, much pleasure to have the neighbors come forth his attention was somewhat distracted by the into the yard to hear me."

news of his uncle's severe illness. He was

not well known to the old man, and could not In the beginning of the year 1661 we find nourish much affection for bim; but he enPepys occupying a handsome house belong tertained great expectations from him, and ing to the navy, and furnished with consider was, consequently, glad in some respects, able luxury. His income increases gradually, though sorry in others, when the intelligence and he finds himself enabled to indulge in of bis dissolution arrived. A special mesexpensive pleasures, and to lavish great sums senger woke him in the morning with the upon dress and good living. Although news, and before midnight he was at Brampburthened with an immense amount of busi- ton, where his father and numerous relatives ness, and having continual calls made upon were assembled. The body lay in the hall, his time, he is yet able to walk about and but already gave forth unpleasant evidences amuse himself in society and at the theatre of decomposition. “I caused it to be set as often as his inclination turned that way. | forth in the yard all night,” says Pepys, who On the 3d of January he mentions, that he then went to bed, greedy, as he confesses, to for the first time saw women acting on the see the will. In this he was somewhat disstage. Previously it was the custom for appointed. His uncle had left him but little, boys or young men of effeminate appear- though on his father's death he was promised ance to play the female parts; and one Kin- the reversion of a large property. However, aston is spoken of as appearing in three his uncle's death made some additions to his different characters. Another curious trait wealth, and he appears upon the whole to of the manners of the period is given, where have been well contented with the result. he says, that being seated in a dark place at A strange love of the theatre now took the theatre, a lady spat upon him by mis- possession of his mind, at which he was take, " but after seeing her to be a very much troubled, for it broke upon his business pretty lady I was not troubled at all.” and wasted his time. The fascination was too

The King's coronation, which took place great for him to resist ; he was continually on the 23d of April, afforded Pepys a day of either at the opera or the playhouse, and extreme enjoyment, for he seems ever to be satiety seems not to have diminished his taste delighted with gilded show and pageant, for dramatic representations. When we conwith feasting and public demonstrations of sider how often we meet him in the theatre, joy. Standing on the summit of a lofty build in the parks, among gay company, at convivial ing, he describes the aspect of the city at l parties, it seems marvellous how he was VOL. XVI NO. IL


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