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every year, all going on at the same time; and Ireland had been left to the decision of Carnot, every man was to possess a right to vote. The Clarke, and Hoche, they named an evening to whole country was thus to be placed in a state of meet Tone at the palace of the Luxembourg. tumult and agitation—all in conflagration-like Tone arrived at the appointed hour, eight o'clock. three hundred windmills in motion all at once. He was ushered into a splendid apartment. ShortThis, too, in a country, one-third of whose popu- ly after, the Director and the generals made their lation were so destitute that they were exempted appearance. They bowed coldly, but civilly, to from paying hearth-money tax in consequence of Tone, and almost immediately retired without their poverty. Emmet forgot that elections and apology or explanation through a door opposite to representatives are a work of art—he considered that by which they had entered. Tone was a them as one of the operations of nature.
good deal struck by so unexpected a reception; “When he went to America he thought his but his surprise increased when ten o'clock arrived political life at an end ; but it was only just without the appearance of a message of any kind beginning. Had Government intended to have from those on whom all his hopes seemed to derendered him harmless they should have kept him pend. The clock struck eleven, twelve, one-all at home, where he would have staid, a tarnished was still in the palace; the steps of the sentinels, lawyer, with little business; but sent to America, on their posts without, alone interrupted the dead he found means to annoy England, and do there silence that prevailed within. Tone' paced the what he never could have done in his own coun room in considerable anxiety ; not even a servant try.”
had entered of whom to inquire his way out, or if
the Director and the generals had retired. About The documents in Lord Londonderry's two o'clock, the folding-doors were suddenly book prove, what however was known before,
thrown open ; Carnot, Clarke, and Hoche entered; that the English Government were, from the and reserve, so observable at eight o'clock, had
their countenances brightened ; and the coldness first, acquainted with all the negotiations of vanished. Clarke advanced quickly to Tone, and the rebels for aid from France. When taking him cordially by the hand, said: “ Citizen! M'Nevin was examined before the secret I congratulate you; we go to Ireland.' Tho committees of the Lords and Commons, he others did the same; and having fixed the time to found that they were not only in possession meet again, the persons engaged in this remarkaof all that he could communicate, but that ble transaction separated."** a copy of his very memoir, which he had laid
At some future time we hope to give some before the French Government as to the account of the circumstances of Irish society state of Ireland, was in the hands of the which led to the Rebellion of 1798. Its committee. Tone mentions, that when
causes were, we think, more deeply seated Hoche's expedition was leaving Brest, a pro- | than was felt by any of the prominent actors clamation was printed, to be distributed in in the scene. At the moment there are diffiIreland on their landing. A large sum of culties in treating this subject, which will in money was offered to the printer for a copy. all probability have passed away before we He communicated with Tone, who had copies next have the opportunity of addressing the printed with Portugal instead of Ireland, public. The solution which has been so and the English were thus deceived. A often repeated that it has become almost an more singular circumstance is, that the article of faith with some--that the GovernFrench having sent over a messenger to an ment fomented the rebellion to facilitate their nounce their coming, a second message, which carrying the Legislative Union, is a supposiwas believed to be authentic, arrived, saying tion too insulting to our common nature to be that the intent of invasion was deferred to for a moment thought of, and the whole the following spring. The second message evidence of facts utterly and entirely disso entirely deceived the rebel leaders, that proves it. when the French came, no preparations were Lord Londonderry ought to have accompamade for them. No explanation of the sec nied some of the documents which he pubond message is suggested. In the Life of lishes with fuller explanations than we find. Curran by his son, we are told that the Several refer to inclosed papers,
which are French Directory, when Tone was urging the not printed—are not probably in his possesinvasion of Ireland, were greatly influenced sion, but the want of which leaves what he to adopt the measure, by being told that two- prints of about as much value as the envelthirds of the sailors in the British service
ope of a lost letter. were Irish. He adds an anecdote which is
Is it worth while to state, that while lookstrikingly well told :
ing through some of the publications con
nected with the subject of Ireland during “Soon after the question of an expedition to * Grattan's Life, vol. iv.p. 360.
* Curran's Life of Curran, vol. ü. p. 20.
Lord Castlereagh's administration, we find “ He formed a club of brothers, writers of high reputation, in their anxiety to
And moved some resolutions. make out that kind of inconsistency which is
• Ho! ho!' says the Dey,
So this is the way most damaging to the reputation of a public
The French make revolutions.' man, between his professions at one period and his acts at another, confuse him with his father? Dr. Madden, and the author of the History of “ The Dey then gave his orders, the Civil Wars in Ireland, published in Consta
in Arabic and Persian, Lle's Miscellany-an excellent summary of the
• Let no more be said,
But bring me his head : Irish annals of some seven hundred years—
These clubs are my aversion. have fallen into this mistake, and represent him as moving resolutions in conventions of Irish volunteers when he was but twelve or thir
“ The consul quoted Wickefort,
And Puffendorf and Grotius, teen years of age. He is, we think, most
And proved from Vattel, unjustly accused of having violated faith
Exceedingly well, with the state prisoners of 1798, by their
Such a deed would be quite atrocious. detention in prison for some years after the rebellion was suppressed. They were in
6 'Twould have moved a Christian's bowels prison at the time of the treaty; and by ex
To hear the doubts he stated; press conditions with them the time of their
But the Moors, they did removal was to be at the discretion of Gor
As they were bid, ernment. That, surely, to all ordinary And strangled him while he prated.” understanding, implies the right of continuing their imprisonment till such time as with
There was more than one occasion, in safety to the state they could be discharged, which men ordinarily in their sober senses The American representative had expressed thought to have acted on this precedent. In anxiety that they should not be sent there, the Pieces of Irish History, published in and there must have been, in a time of war, America by Emmet, it is said that when they extreme difficulty as to their proper disposal. published å denial of the truth of some ex
There were those in Ireland at the time who tracts from the report of the secret commitwould have made short work of the matter,
tee, a distinguished member of the Irish and disposed of the prisoners on the princi- House of Commons proposed that the ple acted on in the town of Tunis, in Africa agreement with them should be regarded as the torrid, and recorded in the Anti-Jacobin at an end, and that they should be then tried, Lyrics :
and if found guilty, as they necessarily must,
be executed. Another had before this sug“ No story half so shocking,
gested, but this was, we believe, before the
negotiations between them and Government,
that military executions should have a retroThe great Jean Bon St. André.
spective operation, and that the state prison
ers should be summarily disposed of. "Lord “ Poor John was a gallant captain, Castlereagh, with becoming dignity and In battles much delighting ;
humanity, vehemently discountenanced so He fled full soon,
shocking a proposal."*
We cannot award any very high praise to
the work as far as it has gone, and we trust " To Paris then returning,
that the future volumes
be more carefully Recovered from his panic,
put together. The book is not without a He translated the plan
certain kind of value, and if it be not quite Of Paine's Rights of Man
as much in the hands of students of history Into language Mauritanic.
as a letter of Mr. Alison's predicts, it yet
ought to have a place—a high place—in the " He went to teach at Tunis, Where as consul he was settled,
That the people are kings,
* Life of Curran, vol. ii. p. 44.
From Bentley's Miscellany.
CHARLES THE FIFTH, EMPEROR OF GERMANY.
HIS VISITS TO ENGLAND,-HIS RETREAT TO A MONASTERY,-AND DEATH.
“Or ever the silver cord be loosed, or the golden bowl be broken, or the pitcher be broken at the fountain, or the wheel broken at the cistern.”
" Then shall the dust return to the earth as it was, and the spirit shall return unto God who gave it.” “ Vanity of vanities, saith the preacher, all is vanity.”
THERE is perhaps no period within histori- ticulars of two visits paid by him to this cal record more interesting than the first half country. of the sixteenth century : whether we regard The death of the Emperor Maximilian havthe events that occurred or the characters ing left the imperial throne of Germany vawhich performed their parts in them, there is cant, two candidates presented themselves for ample food afforded for reflection.
the honor of filling it. Of these, one was then that the voice of Luther rang like a Francis I. King of France, who had already trumpet-blast throughout Europe, breaking gained reputation for valor and chivalrie up the fountains of the political and religious bearing in the battle-field, since so celebrated deeps, and summoning to his standard the for another desperate fight,—the field of Maadvocates for reformation in the Catholic | rengo. The other candidate was Charles V. Church. The learned Erasmus and profound King of Spain. A significant incident had Melancthon flourished in Germany. Francis already proved this prince to be of no ordiI., of magnificent memory, reigned in France. nary mould. At a grand tournament held at In England Henry VIII., Cardinal Wolsey, Valladolid, Charles entered the lists, though Sir Thomas More, and a host of other inter- barely in his eighteenth year, and broke three esting historical characters then lived ; our lances against his master of the horse. This Elizabeth was in the bloom of her youth, and feat was loudly applauded; but the youthful the bard of Avon about that time first drew knight, whilst he gracefully made his acbreath.
knowledgments, pointed significantly to the But there was another star in the bright motto “ Nondum,” (not yet,) on his shield ; constellation then shining, who was conspic- indicating that he aspired to higher and nobler uous above all others for the grandeur of his deeds. position, the magnitude of his enterprises, the By a majority of the Germanic States, talent with which they were conducted, and Charles was chosen Emperor to the great the success by which, for a long series of chagrin of Francis, who from that lour reyears, they were attended. The name of the garded his rival with feelings of bitter enEmperor Charles V. has, moreover, been mity. The coronation of Charles was celehanded down in the annals of the Protestant brated with great pomp at Aix-la-Chapelle,on faith as one of the most formidable, as well the 22d of October, 1520. as unflinching opponents with whom that Francis and Charles, whilst they entertainfaith had at its dawn to contend. The close ed feelings of hostility against each other, of the career of that prince was not less re were very desirous of courting the friendship markable than the most brilliant occurrences and support of Henry VIII., the youthful of his life; and it is our intention to devote King of England. Francis spared neither this paper to a consideration of the concluding | flattery, presents, nor promises to secure the events, prefacing them by some curious par- | good offices of Wolsey, then in the height of
his power; and authorized him to arrange alighted; of whose coming the Emperour the formalities of a solemn meeting between having knowledge, came out of his chamber the Courts of England and France. Charles and met him on the staires, where either of regarded these proceedings with a jealous them embraced other in most loving manner, eye, and determined to have an interview with and then the King brought the Emperour to Henry previous to bis visit to France. It his chamber. On Whitsuntide, earlie in the was intended to have been a surprise, but morning, they tooke their horses and rode to Henry was informed of it by Wolsey, who the citie of Canterburie, the more to keepe was secretly intriguing with both the rivals. solemne the feast of Pentecost, but speciallie Accordingly, when Henry was at Canterbury to see the Queene of England, his aunt, was making preparations for bis visit to France, the Emperour his intent, of whom, ye may be " Newes* were brought to the King, that sure, he was most joiefullie received and welCharles his nephue, elected Emperour of Al- comed. Thus the Emperour and his retinue, manie, would shortlie depart out of Spaine by both of lords and ladies, kept their Whitsunsea, and come by England to go to Acon, or tide with the King and Queene of England in Aix, (a citie of fame and renowne in Germa- the citie of Canterburie with all joie and sonie, for the ancient residence and sepulchre lace.* The Emperour yet himself seemed of Charlemagne,) where he received the first not so much to delight in pastime and pleacrowne. Wherefore the King hearing of this sure, but that, in respect of his youthful determination of the Emperour, caused great yeares, there appeared in him a great shew provisions to be made at everie haven for the of gravitie ; for they could by no means bring receiving of his well-beloved nephue and him to dance amongst the residue of the friend ; and dailie provisions were made on princes, but onelie was contented to be a all sides for these noble meetings of so high looker on: peradventure the sight of the princes; and especialie the Queene of Eng- Lady Mary troubled him, whom he had someland and the Ladie Dowager of France made time loved, and yet, through fortune's evill great cost on the apparell of their ladies and hap, might not have her to wife.”+ gentlewomen * *
On the 31st of May the Emperor took his Henry and his Court left Greenwich on the departure from England, and on the same 21st of May, and reached Canterbury on the day Henry VIII. crossed from Dover to 25th—a rate of travelling rather different Calais on his way to that memorable interview from that of the present day. “On the with Francis I. immortalized as the “ Field of morrow after,” says the old chronicle, “the the Cloth of Gold.” Emperour being on the sea, returninge out of Two
years after this, another visit was paid Spaine, arrived with all his navie of ships by Charles to the British monarch, the parroiall on the coast of Kent, direct to the port ticulars of which are even more interesting of Hieth, the said daie by noon, where he was than the preceding. Henry, at all times fond saluted by the vice-admiral of England, Sir of display, found in Wolsey a most able coWilliam Fitzwilliam, with six of the King's adjutor ; and in the present instance their efgreat ships well furnished, which laie for the forts were combined to receive the Emperor safe gard of passage betwixt Cals and Dover. on a scale of surpassing magnificence. The Towards evening the Emperour departed from old chroniclers love to dwell on these scenes, his ships and entered into his bote, and com and the particulars they have handed down to ing towards lande, was met and received of us are full of interest as portraying the manthe Lord Cardinall of Yorke with such reve ners and customs of the
age. rence as to so noble a prince appertaineth. . Thus landed the Emperour Charles the
* The hall of the archiepiscopal palace at CanFifth at Dover, under his cloth of estate of terbury“ was of such a vast amplitude, that once, in
year 1519, it was graced with the presence of the Blacke Eagle, all spread on rich cloth of the Emperor Charles V. and King Henry VIII. at gold. He had with him manie noble men, the same time; together with his royal consort and manie faire ladies of his bloud. When Queen Katherine, whom (being the said emperor's he was come on land, the lord cardinall con aunt) he came to England to visit. This hall then ducted him to the Castell of Dover, which contained these most royal persons, and all their nu
merous attendants, wherein they adjusted matters of was prepared for him in the most roiall man state between them, exercised their triumphs, and
In the morning the King rode with all feasted together in a most splendid manner, at the hast to the Castell of Dover to welcome the incredible cost and expenses of Warham, then archEmperour, and entering into the castell
, bishop,"Strype, Life of Parker, vol. i. p. 347.
† l'he Lady Mary here spoken of was the Queen
dowager of France, who was very celebrated for her * Holinshed's Chronicles, vol. ii. p. 853. beauty.
" King Henry, hearing that the Emperor | the Emperour rode to the cathedral church would come to Callice, so to pass into Eng- of St. Paul, where the cardinal sung mass, land as he went into Spain, appointed the and had his traverse and his cupboard. BeLord Marquis Dorset to go to Callice, there fore mass, two barons gave him water, and to receive him, and the cardinal to receive after the gospel two earls, and at the last him at Dover. The cardinal, taking his lavatory two dukes, which pride the Spanjourney thither on the 10th of May (1552) iards much disdained."* The worthy lord rode through London, accompanied with two mayor and aldermen seem to have been so earls, six-and-thirty knights, and an hundred enchanted with the affability of their imperial gentlemen, eight bishops, ten abbots, thirty and royal guests, that they determined to chaplains all in velvet and satin, and yeomen commemorate the visit by an inscription, seven hundred. The five-and-twentieth of worded in most courtier-like terms of flattery. May being Sunday, the Marquis Dorset, with | We learn that—“In such golden bonds of the Bishop of Chichester, the Lord de la love Charles and Henry seemed linked, as in Ware, and divers others, at the water of London this sentence was set up in the GuildGraveling received the Emperor, and with all hall, over the door of the Council Chamber, honor brought him to Callice, where he was where it still remaineth : received with procession by the Lord Berners, lieutenant of the town. On Monday he
Carolus, Henricus vivant, defensor uterque, took shipping at Callice, and landed at Dover;
Henricus fidei, Carolus ecclesiæ.”+ where the cardinal, with three hundred lords, knights, and gentlemen, received him, and in
The events of a few years converted this great state brought him to the castle, where compliment into a satire. Henry, the “ dehe was lodged. On Wednesday, being As- fensor fidei,” became its bitterest enemy, and cension Even, the King came to Dover, and the love of the sovereigns was converted into there, with great joy and gladness, the Em
We have thus seen Charles at the brightperor and he met. On Friday in the afternoon they departed from Dover, and came
est period of his life, when in full bodily that night to Canterbury, and from thence vigor and health, and rejoicing in all the next day to Greenwich. Here, to honor the energy and hope of youth. Years rolled on ; Emperor's presence, royal justs and tournays He was at once the bulwark of the Catholic
fortune favored him in a wondrous manner. were appointed, where the King, the Earl of Devonshire, and ten aids, kept the place
faith and terror of the Protestants. His against the Duke of Suffolk, the Marquis Dor- rival, Francis, had succumbed to his arms at set, and other ten aids on their part.
Pavia, and had languished for years in a city of London seems to have displayed its humiliating captivity. His enterprises had wonted hospitality on this occasion, and the succeeded; and he was generally regarded as chroniclers give the particulars with equal the greatest, the most prosperous, and percare and satisfaction,—“In this maiours
haps the most envied prince in Christendom.
yere (Sir John Milborne), and the fowertene of the But the tide turned, and we must pass over Kyng, the Fridaie before Penthecoste, that is those bright pages of his history, and open to saie the sixe daie of June, Charles the fifte,
one which displays him in a different characEmperour, was honourably received into the ter, and under altered circumstances. citee of London of the maiour, aldermenne,
Charles had enjoyed upwards of thirty and comunalte, our Souernaige Lorde accom
years of prosperity ; but in 1552 he drank panyng hym. And from London he went to deeply of the cup of misfortune, and a series Windsore, and sat in the stal of the
of events occurred which ultimately led to garter,
At this and from thens went to Hampton, and sailed his retirement from the world. ower the sea into Spaine.”+ Another account period the German Protestant church was in contains other particulars, which are interest
a state of great alarm. The Emperor seemed ing as illustrating the pride of Wolsey, - determined at all hazards to compel observ
The Emperour was lodged at the black ance of the decrees of the Council of Trent fryers, and all his lords in the new palace of in his dominions—decrees which struck at Bridewell. On Whitsunday the King and the root of the reformed church.
In furtherance of this design, Charles had * A Chronicle of the Kings of England, by Sir already commenced hostilities against MagdeRichard Baker, Knt., fol. Lond. 1674.
+ The Chronicle of Fabian, black letter, imprinted * A Chronicle of the Kings of England, by Sir R. at London, 1559. See also The Chronicle of John Baker, fol. Lond. 1674. Hardynge, black letter.
† Speed's History of Great Britain, fol. 1632.