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varied fortunes of Caraignac, after this date given much for either his own chance of of the 13th Vindémiaire. He belonged to safety or for that of the Republic. the Conseil des Cinq Cents, but not later General Cavaignac's career, with a good than 1797 ; he filled afterwards an humble deal to admire and approve in it, has yet been post at the barrier, and another equally so full of inconsistences. His conduct in regard in the administration of the lottery. Neg- to M. Ledru Rollin, Louis Blanc and Caussilected and forgotten upon the fall of Barras, dière, is not to be accounted for. His reception he got himself, after the peace of Amiens, of the first as a guest at his own table, after all named commissary for commercial affairs to that had occurred at the Home Department Maskate in Arabia, where arriving when the and in the provinces, excited as much painful war had broken out once more with Eng- surprise among the best of his own friends land, her influence prevented his reception. as congratulating the accused on a defence Employed by Joseph Bonaparte at Naples; which did not exculpate him. In like manby his successor Murat; recalled by Na- ner, his policy was false aud pusillanimous, poleon in common with all French subjects which, after the arrest of the two last had abroad when the brothers-in-law quarrelled; been determined upon, suffered them to profit he spent his time in obscurity, and some by the pretended ignorance of the sharpest times in distress. His fortunes seemed to police-agents in Europe, although the delinrise a little when Napoleon returned from El- quency of both was fully proved. They deba, for he was nominated to the post of pré- parted, the latter with menace on his lips fet of the Somme: but his adherence to such as suited well the coarse, untaught conNapoleon's cause being proved, it is said by spirator, who convoked market-porters to be more than words, he was unable to profit by his body-guard. Let General Cavagnac it. Louis XVIII.'s return prevented his tak- remember that the support of the Mountain ing possession of his préfecture. The law can be secured only by the ascendency of which exiled the Regicides obliged him to principles which he has himself denounced, quit France in 1816, and he retired to Brus- and the triumph of the very faction which he sels, where he died in 1829. His son, Gode-crushed behind the barricades. Hence the froy Cavaignac, when accused of joining in extreme peril of France; for while moderate the conspiracy of 1831, in the course of his men repose on the sense of their numbers of defence spoke of his father's banishment as little importance while they remain passivea harsh measure; but he did not express him- the clubs of Paris, and Rouen, and Lyons, self proud of being the banished man's son. outdo their former violence; and the SocialWe would not be thought to cavil at the ists, voting as one man, elect their leader, head of the executive without just cause ; Raspail, to the National Assembly, while he we are not of the temper nor belong to the is yet prisoner at Vincennes on the charge of country which finds theme for opposition in having aided to do it violence. Nor will it the one salutary word, "authority;" but we do to be led away from a contemplation of see reason for alarm should the chief of the these things by the boasts of designing or Government temporize with men more dan- deceived men in regard to the revival of trade. gerous as friends than as adversaries. We, There is no revival of trade, except in the

common with all persons to whom the case of articles which the people cannot exist three words Law, Order, Honesty, sound to without; while the amount of misery is everythe full as well as Liberty, Equality, Frater where on the increase. Six millions of francs nity, hailed his coming in June. It startles have been voted for relief in the last three us to hear even a whisper that the project, months, and the necessitous of the departtoo unpopular for performance, of sending ment of the Seine alone amount to two representatives into the departments as spies hundred and sixty-nine thousand souls. Men on the words and thoughts of their inhabit- | talk of the vaisseau de l’étal, and the wisest ants, was entertained in order to satisfy him, mode of manning her ; we wish her an expeabove all things, of his own chance of being rienced commander, and a pilot who knows elected President of the Republic. He dis- the shoals: for, at the present moment, havtrusts, it is said, the feeling of the south, and ing thrown charts and compass overboard as reposes no steady confidence in any one things out of date and beneath their sagacity, Had he not taken, a few days since, a step in all the crew are helping to steer, while they the way of law and order, by the appoint- | quarrel as to which shall be captain, and the ment of Dufaure, and other moderate men, wreckers on the shore rub their hands and to seats in the Cabinet, we would not have value the cargo.

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From Bentley's Miscellany





The subject of the following brief memoir, | cut out, off the coast of France and in the Frederick, was the second son of the late Mr. | Mediterranean. Marryat, the eminent West India merchant, Having chased a ship into the Bay of Arand was born July 10, 1792. Having ac- cupon, which sought safety under a battery, quired the rudiments of education at an acad- Lord Cochrane resolved to cut her out, and emy in the immediate vicinity of the metrop- young Marryat was one of the boarding party. olis, he was sent to a classical school at Pon- He followed closely the first lieutenant who der's End, kept by a Mr. Freeman. It is to headed the expedition, and who at length, be hoped that the discipline of the school, after his party had sustained a severe loss, described by the hero in his earliest novel, is succeeded in gaining the deck of the enemy. no true picture of the treatment he experi- He had scarcely done so when, struck by enced at Ponder's End; but the following thirteen musket balls, he fell back a corpse, anecdote suggests that, of whatever punish- knocking down his follower in his fall, who ments were in course of infliction at that seat was trampled on and almost suffocated by of learning, he was likely to have come in for bis shipmates, who, burning to revenge their his due share. The master, coming into the leader, rushed forward with impetuous braschool one day, saw young Marryat standing very. upon his head. Surprised at this reversal The vessel captured, an examination took of the ordinary practice of mortals, he inquir- place of the bodies of the killed and wounded. ed the reason of it, when the lad with auda- Marryat was numbered among the former, cious readiness replied, “I had been trying and being in a state of stupor was unable to for three hours to learn my lesson on my deny the doom assigned to him. But soon feet, but I couldn't; so I thought I'd try arrived the surgeon and his assistants, and whether I couldn't learn it on my head.” with them came a midshipman who bore no There is no reason to doubt him when he good will to Marryat. This worthy youth, says, “Superior in capacity to most of my seeing the supposed lifeless body of his comschoolfellows, I seldom took the pains to rade, gave it a slight kick, saying, “ Here is learn my lessons previous to going up with a young cock that has done crowing! Well, my class. I was too proud not to keep pace for a wonder, this chap has cheated the galwith my equals, and too idle to do more.” | lows !" This salutation, with its comment, But he acknewledges that besides “a little revived the almost expiring energies of the Latin and less Greek,” he made some profi- other, who faintly exclaimed, “ You are a ciency in mathematics and algebra.

liar!” a retort which, notwithstanding the Withdrawn from this school, he was placed melancholy scene around, produced a roar of with a teacher of mathematics in London, laughter. under whose tuition he remained a year, and Shortly after this he was engaged in a on the 23d of September, 1806, he entered rather “untoward” enterprise. llis ship the navy as a first-class boy, on board the fell in with a vessel of a suspicious appearImpérieuse, forty-four guns, commanded by ance. It was under French colors, which it the illustrious Lord Cochrane. During his soon hauled down, showing no others, and service under this gallant officer, which threatening to fire into the English ship if it lasted till the 18th October, 1809, he took attempted to board her. Upon this, she part in more than fifty engagements, in which was boarded and taken, with a loss of twentymany ships of war and merchantmen were six killed and wounded on her side, and of

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sixteen on ours; and not till then was it dis- , 1810, he jumped overboard and saved the covered that she was a Maltese privateer, life of a seaman named John Mowbray, who and a friend, who had made a like mistake had fallen from the main-top; and in 1811, in supposing her opponent to be French. when on his passage to join the Æolus, on After this unfortunate mistake, the Impéri- the American station, he leaped overboard, euse proceeded to Malta.

and endeavored to save a seaman named It was while lying in this harbor that one John Walker, but did not succeed in doing night, a midshipman—a son of the celebrated But we must give this incident in his William Cobbett-fell overboard. Young own words: “One of the fore-topmen, drawMarryat jumped in after him, and held him ing water in the chains, fell overboard ; the up till a boat was lowered to their assistance. alarm was instantly given, and the ship hove For this daring and humane act he received to. I ran upon the poop, and, seeing that a certificate from Lord Cochrane.

the man could not swim, jumped overboard The road from Barcelona to Gerona, which to save him. The height from which I delatter place was besieged by the French, had scended made me go very deep in the water, been completely commanded by them, for and when I arose, I could perceive one of they had possession of the castle of Mongat. the man's hands. I swam towards him ; On the 31st July, 1808, Marryat had a hand but, O God! what was my horror, when I in the reduction and levelling of that fortress. found myself in the midst of his blood. I This proceeding greatly delayed the trans- comprehended in a moment that a shark had mission of the enemy's stores and provisions taken him, and expected that every instant which were designed for their operations in my own fate would be like his. I wonder I Catalonia ; so much so, indeed, that on one had not sunk with fear; I was nearly paraloccasion the French general was under the yzed. The ship, which had been going six necessity of abandoning the whole of his or seven miles an hour, was at some distance, artillery and field ammunition. During these and I gave myself up for gone. I had operations he was twice wounded, and he a scarcely the power of reflection, and was third time sustained injury in the defence of overwhelmed with the sudden, awful, and, the castle of Rosas, under Lord Cochrane. as I thought, certain approach of death, in On the arrival of the Impérieuse in the bay, its most horrible shape. In a moment I she perceived that the castle of Trinidad — recollected myself; and I believe the actions the maintaining of which was essential to the of five years crowded into my mind in as preservation of the main fortress—had been many minutes. I prayed most fervently, so hotly bombarded by the enemy, that the and vowed amendment, if it should please British portion of the garrison had withdrawn God to spare me. I was nearly a mile from from it. Lord Cochrane, therefore, taking the ship before I was picked up; and when with him a party of ollicers and seamen, the boat came alongside with me, three large amongst whom was Mr. Marryat, went on sharks were under the stern. These had shore, and defended the fortress for some devoured the poor sailor, and, fortunately days—indeed, until the main fortress was for me, had followed the ship for more prey, taken, notwithstanding that the castle, by and thus left me to myself.” this time a complete ruin, was attacked, Whilst in the Æolus, he jumped overboard sword in hand, by 1200 chosen men of the and saved the life of a boy, for which he reenemy.

ceived a certificate from Captain Lord James When Lord Cochrane proceeded against Townshend; nor was this the sole testimothe boom constructed by the enemy, before nial of approbation accorded to him by that he sent in the fireship to attack the French gallant officer. He had previously been fleet in the Basque Roads, Mr. Marryat was mainly instrumental in saving the frigate from in one of the explosion vessels, cominanded shipwreck during a tremendous hurricane. by Captain Ury Johnson, which his lordship The ship was on her beam-ends, and her led for that purpose. For his gallantry on top-masts and mizen-masts had been blown that occasion, he received a certificate from over the side, when the question arose, who Captain Johnson, who brought his services would be found daring enough to venture under the notice of the Admiralty, and for aloft, and cut away the wreck of the mainhis whole conduct in the Mediterranean he topmost and the main-yard, “which was was recommended in Lord Cochrane's de- hanging up and down, with the weight of spatches.

the topmast and topsail-yard resting upon The log of the Centaur, 74, flag-ship of it.” We must let the captain tell how he Sir S. Hood, attests, that in September, I conducted himself in this case of awful sus

pense and dismay: "Seizing a sharp toma- now actively engaged in the Preventive Serhawk, I made signs to the captain that I vice, in which he effected thirteen seizures. would attempt to cut away the wreck, fol- Appointed to the Larne, 18, in March, 1823, low me who dared. I mounted the weather- he sailed to the East Indies, where, until the rigging ; five or six hardy seamer followed Burmese war in 1825, he was fully employed me; sailors will rarely refuse to follow when as senior officer of the naval forces, the order they find an officer to lead the way. The of Commodore Grant being, that none should jerks of the rigging had nearly thrown us interfere with or supersede him. Sir Archioverboard, or jammed us with the wreck. bald Campbell, the commander-in-chief, was We were forced to embrace the shrouds with received on board the Larne at Calcutta, and arms and legs; and anxiously, and with Commander Marryat led the attack at Ranbreathless apprehension for our lives, did the goon. When Captain Chads, of the Arachne, captain, officers, and crew, gaze on us as we relieved him in September, 1824, he had mounted, and cheered us at every stroke of lost nearly the whole of his ship's company. the tomahawk. The danger seemed passed He now proceeded to Penang and Calcutta, when we reached the catharpens, where we returning to Rangoon in December, 1824, had foot-room. We divided our work, some and in the following February sailed with the took the lanyards of the topmast rigging, I, late Sir Robert Sale, of glorious memory, on the slings of the main-yard. The lusty an expedition to reduce the territory of Basblows we dealt were answered by corre sein. On his return in April, having successsponding crashes, and at length, down fell the fully performed his perilous duty, he was protremendous wreck over the larboard gun- moted to a death vacancy, and commanded wale. The ship felt instant relief; she the Tees, which, on her arrival in England, righted, and we descended amidst the cheers be paid off. and the congratulations of most of our ship Captain Marryat commanded the Ariadne mates.” For this heroic deed, Lord James in the Channel and Western Islands, from Townshend gave him a certificate, and re- November, 1828, to November, 1830. ported him to have “conducted himself with Twice thanked for his services in the Burso much courage, intrepidity, and firmness, mese war by the Governor-general of India, as to merit his warmest approbation.” he received three letters of thanks from Sir

When he belonged to the Spartan, he was Archibaid Campbell, commander-in-chief of put in command of a boat, and cut out the the forces, and was five times recommended Morning Star and Polly, privateers, from by him. He was likewise thanked for his Haycock's Harbor, and likewise a revenue expedition with Sir Robert Sale, and was cutter and two privateers in Little River. three times recommended and thanked by

Mr. Marryat obtained his promotion as Commodore Coe. In June, 1825, he received lieutenant in 1812, and in the following year the decoration of C. B., and—an honor, a was appointed to l’Espeigle, Captain J. Tay- record of which must not be omitted-he lor, in the West Indies. Whilst on service was presented with a medal by that admirain this vessel, he once more risked his life, ble institution, the Humane Society, for his in an unsuccessful attempt to save the life of daring and humane exertions to save the a sailor who had fallen overboard in a heavy lives of so many men. That Society has not sea. Lieutenant Marryat was picked up, on its list a name so worthy of honor as that utterly exhausted, more than a mile and a f Marryat. half from l'Espeigle. Having burst a blood In 1837 the captain published "A Code vessel, he was left behind in the West Indies, of Signals for the Use of Vessels employed in sick-quarters, and after a time was sent in the Merchant Service.” That admirable home invalided.

invention is now in use in the royal and merIn January, 1814, he joined the Newcas-cantile service, not only of this country but tle, 58, Captain Lord George Stuart, and of foreign nations. He twice received the led an expedition which was dispatched to thanks of the Ship Owners' Society for it, cut out four vessels off New Orleans. This and the publication having been translated he did with a loss of one officer and twelve into French in 1840, was brought under the men. He acquired his commander's rank in notice of Louis Philippe, from whom he re1815, and in 1820, commanded the Beacon, ceived the gold cross of the Legion of Honor. sloop, at St. Helena, from which he ex In connection with this last distinction, changed into the Roserio, 18, in which ves we have a story to relate which we are sorry sel he brought home duplicate despatches, to feel ourselves constrained to tell, because announcing the death of Napoleon. "He was lit presents our late king in a light in which

it is not pleasant, and has not been customary, Ship,” “Snarley Yow; or, the Dog-Fiend," to regard him. William IV. had read and “ Percival Keene," “Masterman Ready,” had been delighted with “ Peter Simple.” “ Poor Jack,” The Settlers,” “ Olla PodriIt was likely that so true and striking a pic- da,” “ Diary in America,” in Two Parts : ture of naval life and manners would have “ Monsieur Violet's Adventures," &c. All captivated a sailor. He expressed a wish to these works obtained a considerable popusee the author. The captain, standing in an larity, and even gained the author a reputaante-room, in his favorite attitude, the king tion which very few modern writers of fiction came forth, and observing him, asked a gen- have succeeded in acquiring. tleman in waiting who he was. The captain It would be unprofitable to dwell upon the overheard the question, and said, addressing genius of Marryat as a novelist. His merits the gentleman, “ Tell his majesty I am Peter lie upon the surface, and are obvious to every Simple.” Upon this, the king came forward man, woman and child, who take up one of and received him graciously. Some time his works and find themselves unable to lay after this his majesty was waited upon by a it down again. He tells plainly and straightdistinguished member of the government, to forwardly a story, tolerably well constructrequest permission for the captain to wear ed, of diversified incidents, alive with uncomthe order conferred upon him by the King mon characters, and, as his experience was of the French, and to obtain, if not some large and had been acquired over a wide exfurther promotion, some higher distinction panse, he had always something to tell which for one who had so long and ably served his would excite curiosity or rivet attention. He country. The former request was granted had one quality in common with great men, as a matter of course; and as to the latter, and in which men of finer genius than himthe king said : “ You best know his services ; self have been deficient,-a thorough manligive him what you please.” The minister ness of heart and soul, which, by clearly was about to retire, when his majesty called showing him what he was able to accomhim back. Marryat! Marryat! by-the- plish, preserved him against the perpetration bye, is not that the man who wrote a book of that sublime nonsense and drivelling cant against the impressment of seamen ?” “ The which now-a-days often pass for fine writing same, your majesty.” “ Then he shan't and fine sentiment. “Peter Simple” has wear the order, and he shall have nothing,” been pronounced his best novel ; but we said his majesty.

confess we like “Jacob Faithful" at least as Every reader will make his own comment well; although we think it would have been upon this. The work in question had been better if the Dominie had been mitigated, written by a man who had the best interests who is rather an extravagance than an original

, and the honor of his profession at heart, who and if that passage had been discarded in had done much to maintain them, and whom which the parish-boy tells us he read Tacitus the Earl of Dundonald—best known as Lord and Horace at a charity-school. Cochrane, the hero of Basque Road-in a His “Diary in America" gave great offence letter recently written, has thus character on the other side of the Atlantic. We do ized : “ He was brave, zealous, intelligent, not know whether the captain ever regretted and even thoughtful, yet active in the per- it, but it was an ill-advised publication, and formance of his duties.” It is painful to was certain, from its tone as well as its matexpose one act of injustice on the part of a ter, to wound deeply a gallant and sensitive sovereign whose nature, in the main, was people, who, say what some few of them manly, upright, and generous.

may to the contrary, are anxious to stand In 1829, Captain Marryat turned his at- well in the estimation of the mother-country. tention to authorship, and having published But that this work was written with malice “The Naval Officer; or, Frank Mildmay," prepense against the Americans we cannot the reception of which


him encourage believe, for the author's venerable mother is ment, he set to work with an earnestness a native of the United States; and it may be and a zeal which he brought to all his un- pleasing to our brother Jonathan to know, dertakings. “ The King's Own,” “ Peter what we are pretty certain is the fact, that Simple,” and “ Jacob Faithful,' followed from that lady he inherited the energy each other in rapid succession. To these he will and the vigor of mind which he disadded, in the course of a few years, " Japhet played in all the occurrences of his life. in search of a Father,” “ Newton Forster," Captain Marryat had been seriously ill for “Midshipman Easy,” “The Pacha of Many more than a year, from the bursting of a Tales," “ The Poacher,” The Phantom succession of blood-vessels, which forbade all


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