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and ladies, with their long dresses, go sweep- | and the chief sound that meets the ear is the ing along the Throne Room through rows of scraping of those that have shoes along the statue-like halberdiers, and are received with pavement, or the dull stroke of the far greater dignity by a queen-like, diamond-decked number of feet that have none. The truth woman ; and the echoes of a whole suite of is, it is Saturday night. The men, such as desolate royal apartments are disturbed with have work, have brought home their wages ; the feet of a thousand guests; and tapestries and the beldames and vixens of the mornbrighten beneath the unusual light; and ing are transformed into careful housekeepfires blaze in the vast chimneys; and thoughts ers, purchasing provisions for the Sabbath, of Charles Edward in his short-lived glory, which, even in this Old Town, is so far and Charles X. in his exile, accompany us outwardly respected. But a spell seems to wherever we turn; till, throwing open a have come over the people; all quarrelling window to escape from the heat of a crowd, and gossipping seems forgotten; a quieter that ruined chapel, with its east-end cross and more decorous crowd was never collectand tracery, outlined clear against the moon ed. They move about with a thoughtful, light, rises before us, and from that moment careful demeanor, as if they were thinking the ghost of Mary Stuart seems alone to pre- what they could contrive to do without, and side over the scene.

weighing how far a shilling could be made But if we cannot show our traveller this to go ; and if we catch sight of their Scotch night picture, we must introduce him to an- physiognomies by that uncertain light, we other of more frequent occurrence. The find them looking more Scotch than ever. reader must forgive us if we return once more, Meanwhile, the shops they frequent are and for the last time, into the High street of all in the open street. Stalls innumerable our affections, and that between the hours of have sprung up along the sides of the causenine and eleven at night. The general effect way, laden with pears, and apples, and potaof the scene is grander and more peculiar toes, and even flour and meal, with a paper than ever.

The houses have that ghostly lantern tied to a pole, or a flickering light of appearance which a glare from below always which you only see the upward glare, set imparts, for the chief light proceeds from the deep among the vendibles. Or we stumble gas in the shop windows. Like grim giants upon donkey-carts from the country, and are they arrayed on each side, their uncouth cabbages and turnips are being examined by feet illuminated, and their lofty tops lost in the light of a streaming tallow-candle stuck the darkness ; for no lights burn in those up on to the bars of the vehicle; and a strong per stories and garrets, or something so faint vegetable perfume is superadded to the other that it gives the idea of double the distance. two-and-seventy, which, unlike the sounds, The tower, too, of Victoria Hall looms above the night has not diminished in potency. us like a huge, dim being, and the steeple And herrings, the staple commodity, of course elongates itself into immeasurable infinitude, are there, in heaps and barrowfulls, glimmerwhile just where the tip should be a bright ing with phosphoric light in the darkness planet is gleaming, like the star over the tomb around them; and squalid children are crouchof the Three Kings at Cologne. The upper ing over the barrow, rubbing off the scales part of the Lawn Market is silent and dreary, with their little hands, and wearing that same like a deserted city; those deep dens look expression of care and caution on their little more unfathomable, and those open stairs faces which everybody seems to have asmore mysterious; no loiterers are upon them, sumed just now in the High street. and if a figure descends them it glides quick But it is not only provisions that the peoly past, as if it had an errand to fulfil. As ple are buying. The broad pavements are for the wynds, it is rather a comfort that spread out like a counter with various articles, they are hidden from sight by that veil of and passers-by pick their way between colnight which can hardly increase their horror, lections of crockery or tin ware. And sharp, though their black, cavern-like abysses yawn anxious-looking women are examining teaupon us as we pass, like the desoent into cups and tin pots, and turning and twisting Avernus.

them round with one hand, for the other is As we descend, however, into the High invariably imprisoned beneath the tattered street, signs of that dense population which shawl with the sleeping baby ; or they are swarmed around us in the morning begin to ap- applying the same scrutiny to some broadpear, and thicken as we proceed, till, at length, frilled muslin cap, for one of the most ingewe can hardly make our way for the press and nious inventions here by way of a shop numbers. But the noise and din are hushed, I is the great cotton umbrella reversed, with

a cap stuck on the top of the handle by indeed; and the stalls are folding up; and way of a sign, and caps lying one over the the illuminated clock of the Tron Church, other in each compartment, and a light far- which has presided, like a great, low, yellow ing in the midst, which it is a wonder does harvest moon, over the scene, points to an not set fire to them all.

hour when travellers should be in bed; and Altogether, the scene possesses the double we wend our way back to more civilized attraction of a market and a fair, for pleasures haunts with tired limbs, but with eyes

before and luxuries are not forgotten. Peep-shows which the fitful pictures of that evening are are there, and fascinating transparencies of for ever passing. And ruminations, moral, horrible murders ; and a man raised on a tub philanthropic, and artistic, occupy our minds selling old books: “Scott's Elocution, as good as we go. But, to our shame be it spoken, as new, for one shilling! The Geography of the artistic prevail; and we confess to ourthe World, Europe, Asia, Africa, and Ameri- selves and to our companion, that though ca, complete for elevenpence! Scott's Elocu- that Old Town may be the haunt of vice and tion for tenpence! Scott's Elocution, hardly the hot-bed of fever, we would not willingly soiled, for eightpence—for sixpence ! not to have one stone of it removed from its place. be slighted because going so cheap! Scott's Elocution for fourpence--for threepence! an AUTHORSHIP OP Tom CRINGLE's Log.ornament to any gentleman's library!" And We can easily understand upon what princiat last, with a desperate flap of the leaves, ple Junius sought to conceal his identity, “Scott's Elocution for one penny-for one but for what reason, save personal vanity penny! Scott's Elocution for one penny! and private éclat, the author of a work not and, if I once pass it out of my hand, I won't involving personal responsibility or danger take a pound for it.” While the people stand remains incognito, we cannot discover. The in a dense, mute crowd, around, and the auc- following relates to the writer of that splentioneer trims his smoking torch, and lets a did rescript of the sea and sea-faring men, shower of sparks fall into a quantity of old " Tom Cringle's Log:” “The author of this paper at his feet, and sets to work with very successful work, (originally published Europe, Asia, Africa, and America, com in · Blackwood's Magazine,') was a Mr. Mick plete, for sixpence!

Scott, born in Edinburgh in 1789, and eduThese lights are the most wonderful things cated at the High School. Several years of of all; a peculiar spell of forbearance seems his life were spent in the West Indies. He to preside over them. They flicker, and flare, ultimately married, returned to his native and tumble, among all sorts of combustible country, and there embarked in commercial articles, but nothing takes fire. A candle speculations, in the leisure between which falls directly against an old, dry wicker-bas- he wrote the 'Log.' Notwithstanding its ket, but does not seem to singe it; a great popularity in Europe and America, the auresinous torch is flaming close to bunches of thor preserved his incognito to the last. He dry straw, which if at sea, in a crowded emi- survived his publisher for some years, and it grant ship, would soon have wrapped the was not till Mr. Scott's death that the sons vessel in flames, but here not a spark is com- of Mr. Blackwood were aware of his name.” municated. Meanwhile, they are an endless source of the picturesque. The Wilkies, and SAFETY OF RAILWAY TRAVELLING.—The Hogarths, and Mulreadys of the morning, queen, in her late journey from Scotland, have vanished ; but, at every step, some other travelled over 500 miles by railway, and artist of strong light-and-shadow effect is when it is known that over this distance her presented to our view,--some Schalken-like majesty was conveyed without any previous picture of a broad, ruddy cheek, and yellow notice, at the rate of thirty-five miles an hair, illuminated by an unseen lamp,-some hour, including stoppages, at a rate amountuncouth Teniers' figure and face, strength- ing to, but not exceeding, at any time, 50 ened in all its lines of ugliness, as it stoops miles an hour, over a country rising twice to over tub or barrow, by the upward glare of an elevation of 1,000 feet above the level of the light deep within it,-or some genuine the sea, and descending at intermediate staRembrandt arrangement, with intense shad- tions nearly to the level of the sea, so conows and transparent chiaro oscuros, and only veyed, without the slightest cause of alarm, one-eighth of light admitted, as Burnet has we may be permitted to say that the railcalculated, and that falling upon some trivial ways of Britain have reached an amount of object.

perfection, regularity, and security, unsurBut now these self-same lights burn low, passable and almost unhoped for.

From Fraser's Magazine.


There is no country in the world where born constitution, and to the country, in the manufacture of talent is so necessary as ceasing the état de siege, did he add, gratuiin France, because there is none which flings tously, that “ he had not forgotten he was aside its instruments with such facility, or is himself the son of a man who sat in the Naso continually craving for new ones. Every tional Convention, and was proud of haviug popular favorite is twice judged, and each such a father ?time meets an unjust sentence.

He is re

Was it General Cavaignac's deliberate inceived, at first, with a favor which partakes tention to adopt, by approving all the proof doting, and is perched on a pedestal too ceedings of his father? Is it possible that rapidly built, only to be cast down again, he who, after the bloody days of June, exand every good quality denied him. The claimed, “ Hitherto I have seen conquerors fault of this rests, to a certain extent, as well and conquered—may God punish me if I with the choosers as the chosen. The latter, now consent to see a victim !"—is it possible however, is perhaps most to blame, because that the man who could thus express

himself he promises, it may be in the sincerity of a was yet conversant with the career of Jean sanguine heart, arrangements which cannot Baptiste Cavaignac, advocate at the parliabe accomplished; while the former, laying ment of Toulouse, deputy to the National out of view the difficulties of his position, Convention in 1792, and one of nine memforth with denounce him as a deceiver. The bers who, on the king's trial, voted for death men who flung down all and erected nothing, sans appel et sans sursis ? We are by no did not all know that a few months, such as means prepared to say that he was not, bethey provided for their country, may suffice cause the human mind is marvellously open to demoralize a people and ruin its resources. to self-deception; and it is so much the fashThe one who followed found the wreck of ion to excuse murder, provided the good man finance and national character advancing to put to death were born a king, that General

accomplishment amid the horrors of civil Cavaignac may have reasoned himself into a war actually in the capital, and anticipated persuasion that his father's cruel vote dein the provinces. Whether or not General served praise. But why, at such a moment, Cavaignac be the fit man to govern France recall men's minds to past atrocities? Was in its present state, remains to be proved. he afraid of an attack from the Mountain, But one thing is certain, that his ungovern- and desirous of strengthening himself in able countrymen, who received him a few other quarters by a display of hostility to its months ago as a god, are already turning sentiments ? Surely not. The Mountain can towards him looks of suspicion which grow accept only as an act of conciliation, any excontinually darker. It is not our business to pression laudatory of the men and measures say how far the change may be called for or of 1793 and 1794. Or, having put an injustifiable. We have to deal only with the cendiary press under wise restraint, was it fact, and the fact itself appears to be estab- necessary, in order to guard against any mislished by the bearing of the man. Why are take in regard to his motives, that he should his recent speeches imbued with an affectation celebrate the praises of times when freedom of Republicanism which is considerably be- ran into licentiousness, and the grossest tyryond nature? His speech of the 3d of Septem- anny was exercised in the name of liberty? ber, for example, seemed made with intent to We really cannot tell; but there are rumors brave rather than to conciliate opinion. Why afloat which go far beyond even this, and else, having ascended the tribune to affirm seem, at least, to attribute to less worthy that which many others believe as well as impulses an act of which all right-thinking he, that there would be danger to the un Frenchmen are ashamed. It may not be

amiss if we notice the more prominent of circular which was addressed, not long ago, these.

by the Minister of the Interior to the préfets The two generals who shared with Gen- of departments, and compare it with the eral Cavaignac the glory of restoring order resolution of the Committee of Public Safety in Paris have become, it is said, objects of in 1793. General Cavaignac's document suspicion to the provisional head of the Gov runs thus :ernment, and to his party. They are both regarded as Royalists, or, at all events, as A confidential circular Letter from the Minister reactionists; and to one of them, Lamoricière, de l'Intérieur. the command of the army of the Alps was M. Senard prescribes to all préfets of departrefused, because it was feared that he might ments to forward, with the briefest possible delay, use it otherwise than in the deliverance of

a list indicating the number and opinions of all Italy. Indeed so strong is this feeling, that, elections. The report to be furnished by the pre

citizens having taken part in the last municipal unless we be entirely misinformed, the pro- fets will be divided into four categories, as thus:priety of arresting both was seriously debated in the cabinet, and the project postponed only

Républicains ardens. Conservateurs.

Républicains modérés. because it was feared that proof sufficient to

Légitimistes. convict them of treasonable purposes could With the aid of these general tables, it will be not be got up. Again, it is well known that possible to form an idea (approximatively, at least) with the army Lamoricière is as popular as

of the political opinions which are shared through

out France.- Constilutionnel, September 16, 1848. General Cavaignac is the reverse.

Let the former find himself fairly at the head of the troops, and he will carry them whithersoever earlier document, and we ask our reader to

We place in juxtaposition with this the he pleases, and do with them what he likes. Meanwhile the National Guard is understood say how the one differs from the other :to be at least lukewarm in the cause of Re- Le Comité de Salut public de la Convention nationpublicanism. Suppose a revolt to occur

ale, aux Sociétés populaires de la République among them, could Cavaignac employ the une et indivisible. soldiers of the line to put it down? They

Paris, 23d Brumaire, year 2. would not fire a shot at his bidding. But

(13th November, 1793.) this is not all. The Republic is in extreme

(Extract.) disfavor with the great body of the people Revolutionary Government cannot know all the

The public functionaries at the head of the everywhere, except in Paris and in a few virtuous men, all the enlightened patriots, all the great manufacturing towns. The proprietors well-informed citizens, scattered over the territoand peasantry of rural districts have deter- ries of the Republic, &c. It is time that merit mined not to pay one centime of the addi- should be recognized, real talent discerned, pure tional tax which the National Assembly has and disinterested patriotism employed, &c.

We desire to have a list of the citizens fittest voted, and are becoming almost to a man

to fill public offices of every kind. The following partisans of Henry V. No wonder that Gen

is the model of the form which may be used in eral Cavaignac should be forced, under such order to arrive at this list of useful Republicans, circumstances, to adopt measures and give and destined to justify the hopes of their counutterance to sentiments which seem to be try :alike alien to his natural temper and to his Tableau of the citizens who, in the district political position. The avowed enemy of of can worthily exercise public functions : Communism, he yet, in his zeal for the Re

Names, surnames, age, residence; profession public, attacks the respectable classes, whom before the Revolution, since the Revolution ; civic he threatens as if they were conspiring for works written by; capable of what services; ob

actions ; moral character; physical constitution ; its overthrow; and, parading his father to servations. the National Assembly, he falls upon meas The Committee hopes you will concur in its ures out of doors which give to his words own views by procuring, within the most brief dea darker import than we, at least, believe that lay, the list by name of such citizens in your arhe intends them to bear. Think of his plan, rondissement as appear most capable of usefully founded on a belief in a blind reaction against

serving their country.

Signed by the members of the the Republican principle having shown itself,

Comité de Salut public, for sending out emissaries who should in

BILLAUD, VARENNES, CARNOT, R. LINquire into the tendency of men's opinions, in

DET, BARRERE, ROBESPIERRE, A. certain departments, and use measures for

PRIEUR. correcting them whenever they appeared to need correction! Nay, read the confidential Believing, as we do, that the old Revolu

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tion has none now to admire it in all France In the sitting of Monday, 11th February, 1793,

that every reference to the terrible scenes year 2 of the Republic. The Report made in the which marked its progress is hateful to

name of the Comité de Santé générale et de Surveilmen's ears—that Ledru Rollin and George

lance, on the Surrender of Verdun.

Cavaig nac, Rapporteur. Sand bave become objects of loathing every

(Extract.) where except in the polluted coteries for which they write—that the first attempt to

The King of Prussia took possession in the act upon the principles which they inculcate aristocrats of Verdun exhibited their joy in the

name of the King of France and Navarre. The will bring up the National Guard of the

most scandalous manner. They went out to meet provinces in hostile array to Paris, - believ; the enemy's troops and see them detile

. They ing all this, we are positively confounded believed the taking of Verdun and Longwy to when we find a man of General Caraignac's be infallible forerunners of counter-revolution sagacity speaking and acting as if, under any with open arms. "They mounted the white cockcombination of circumstances, he contem

ade. Monsieur Gremoard, an old soldier, existplated the maintenance of the existing or

ing on the charity of the nation, bound a white der of things by means of terrorism. Let scarf round his waist; and the very night of the him take but one step more in so false a di- surrender, a ball, it is said, was given at the rection, and he will fall from his place of Camp du Regret, at which several women from honor as speedily as he attained it; and Verdun were present. The next day they went then, whatever the final result may be, in a body to the Camp of Bar, the Dame Bouville France and Europe will become witnesses Prussia, and presented him with a basket of bon

at their head, delivered an address to the king of anew to scenes which cannot but shake the bons in token of respect. faith of the most trusting in all human pro Your Committee, citizen colleagues, distinfessions. But it is time that we turn to the guishes as belonging to two classes other guilty proper subject of this article.

individuals, whom a detail of facts will make General Cavaignac makes it his boast that known to you. he is the son of one who played no mean

Those who, directly or indirectly, contributed part in the events of the last century. Let viously to the surrender of Verdun, excited the

to counter-revolution in Verdun ; those who, preus endeavor to trace in brief the public people to form seditious meetings ; and those who, career of the man whom the chief of the after it, manifested exultation at the Prussian new French Republic holds up to the ad- success, by any blameable action. miration of the world. And here, in limine, The Committee considers, that the first-named we put out of sight the horrid story of should be treated as for treason against the naMademoiselle Labarrère. General Cavaignac tion; and the last cited before the common courts.

Among the latter are the women who offered has denied it altogether; and though there are those who seem to think that the weight present time this sex has generally and openly in

sugar-plums to the King of Prussia. Up to the of testimony is against him, we willingly be- sulted the cause of freedom. The capture of lieve the assertions of a son while vindicating Longwy was celebrated by a scandalous ball. his father's memory from so foul a stain. The flames which devoured Lille, also illuminated But other marks of the father's services to games and dancing: Hitherto, women printhe Republic are recorded where they can- cipally have provoked to emigration ; in concert not be effaced : his speeches in the Conven- spirit thronghout the Republic; they suinmon

with the priesthood, they encourage a fanatical tion, and his Reports when employed by it counter-revolution. Yet, citizens, it is to their in drawing up cases, still remain ; and these mothers that by nature and custom devolves the shall be his judges.

care of our citizens' childhood, of that age when Jean Baptiste Cavaignac spoke for the the heart should be formed to all civic virtues. If first time before the National Convention, you leave the incivism of their mothers unpunishwhen, being member for the department of ed, they will inspire their offspring, and teach the Haute Garonne, he was instructed to them by their own example hatred of liberty and

love of bondage. The law then must cease to draw up a report on the conduct of the in

spare ; severe examples must warn women that habitants of Verdun, proscribed en masse by the eye of the magistrate watches, and that the the Convention on receiving news of its sur sword of the law will strike, if they should be render. Those who read his own words must guilty. judge whether, whilst deprecating a wholesale murder, he is himself either just or

The National Convention then decreesmerciful.*

* Extract from the volume of the Moniteur Uni- 1793, to the 30th June, 1793, year 2 of the Reversel, containing numbers from the 1st January, | publique une et indivisible.

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