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INDEX TO THE ECLECTIC MAGAZINE.- VOL. XVI.
FROM DECEMBER, 1848, TO APRIL, 1849.
| Edinburgh, Literary and Scientific Society, in V 1. LITERARY PARTY AT SIR JostVA REYNOLDS'
1849. — Tait's Magazine, ed by Doyle, and engraved by Sartain.
F. ✓ 2. COLUMBUS EXPOUNDING TO THE FRIAR OF
FRANCISCAN CONVENT OF SANTA MARIA DE France, Socialist Party in.—North British
painted by Wilkie, and engraved by Sartain. “ Friedhof,” or Court of Peace,
G. graved by Sartain. A. The Pardon Refused, painted by Rubio, and en Goethe, Conversations with. Westminster graved by Sartain.
Authorship of Junius elucidated.-See Junius.
B. Beauty.--Taits Magazine, British India.–See India. Bonaparte, Louis Napoleon. Benedictines.-See St. Benedict.
Hugonots, the History of.- English Revieu,
Hook, Theodore. —New Monthly Magazine,
History of England.-See Macaulay. 186
I. J. 298
Junius, Authorship of, elucidated.— North
Jellachlich, Ban of Croatia. - Nero Monthly
Cavaignac, Gen. and his Father.- Fraser's
Fields of.-Neu Monthly Magazine,
Diary of Samuel Pepys.-See Pepys.
Literary Character of Lord John Russell.
Lamb, Charles, and his friends.—North
298 Life and Letters of Campbell
. - See Camp-
Liberty, or a Night at Rome. - Tait's Maga.
Ethnology, or the Science of the Races.
55 Edgeworth, Maria.—Bentley's Miscellany,
Music.- Quarterly Revier,
Macbeth, Lady, Character of.-— Taits Maga The Narrow Way, 321. Old Music and Pictures,
202 369. Sonnets, 458. The Mother's Dream, 459.
of Jacob Boehman, 469. Liberty, 487. Cove-
The “Friedhof,” or Court of Peace, 576.
522 Russell, Lord John, literary character of.—
Thackeray and Dickens.-See Humorists.
Pepys, Samuel, Diary of.---Taiť's Magazine, 238 | Views of Edinburgh.-See Edinburgh.
Visit to Sandal Castle.-See Sandal Castle.
Visit to the Battle Fields of Cressy and Ag.
LITERARY CHARACTER OF LORD JOHN RUSSELL. 1.-Essays and Sketches of Life and Character, by a Gentleman who has left his
Lodgings. Nom de guerre,—Joseph Skillet. Pp. 248. May 24th, 1820. 2.—The Life of Lord William Russell, with some Account of the Times in which
he lived. Third edition. 2 vols. 1820. 3.--Essays on the History of the English Government and Constitution, from the
reign of Henry VII. to the present time. 8vo. 1821. 4.—Don Carlos—or Persecution. A Tragedy in Five Acts. Fourth edition.
1822. 5.—Memoirs of Europe, from the Peace of Utrecht ; with Introduction. 2 vols.,
4to. 1824. Fourth edition. 1826. 6.—The Establishment of the Turks in Europe. An Historical Essay; with Pre
face. London: John Murray. Pp. 128. 12mo. 1828. 7.—The Causes of the French Revolution. Pp. 274. 8vo. 1832. 8.—Correspondence of John, Fourth Duke of Bedford ; with Introduction. 3
vols. 1842, 1843, 1846. Recent events in Europe would appear to tation for sagacity, experience, and diplomatic confirm the observation of the Swedish Chan- skill, to grapple with the difficulties of a cellor, Von Oxenstiern, to his son: “Nescis revolutionary crisis, cannot but lead us to the mi fili quantillà prudentia homines regantur.” conclusion that their high reputation was An observation in which Doctor Johnson undeserved. “ Omnium consensu capaces Imseems to have concurred, when he said to perii nisi imperassent.” In this country, alBoswell, “It is wonderful, Sir, with how lit- though we have not been altogether unaffected tle real superiority of mind men can make an by the revolutionary action in continental eminent figure in public life.”
states, the prime minister, whom the events The signal incompetency of so many states of February found in office, is still at his men enjoying, in the several countries they post; still guides the vessel of state amidst but lately governed, the most brilliant repu- the shoals of Chartism and the breakers of
Repeal. But whether the stability of British | the chief avenues to distinction ; and the rule be owing to the solid common-sense acquirements of the lawyer and the divine character of the people, to the excellence of tempt both to production in the graver walks the constitution, or to the superior address of literature; and though to the lawyer the and wisdom of our statesmen, or to the com- essay be fraught with peril, and endanger bis bined effect of all three elements, admits of professional reputation, it is sometimes venconsiderable question. It will not be however tured with success, and the hardy venturer denied, that the statesmen of Great Britain not unfrequently achieves the coveted woolhave, with rare exceptions, in all ages, been sack. The mitre, too, “in the good old men of high moral character, politically, as times," was not unfrequently the reward of well as in private life; rarely deficient in classic taste and literary merit, while now classical attainments; frequently brilliant and it seems to fall on studied dullness and obripe scholars, and often well versed in con- scurity, or crowns the flippant and iconoclasstitutional and international law, as indeed tic zeal of professorial rashness. It may be might be expected from the studies usually questioned whether the “belles lettres” have pursued by young men of our Universities, not, upon the whole, impeded rather than aiming at legislatorial honor and advancement. accelerated the progress of the lawyer to the Yet we are not aware that any instance can woolsack, and the divine to lawn sleeves; be found of a Literary Premier”—of a
but it is quite certain that literary attainments prime minister of Great Britain who can lay in this country, so far from being even cæteris claim to that title-unless the character be paribus, an advantage, are prejudicial to the conceded to the authors of smart epigrams, candidate for political power. Instead of political pamphlets, and “vers de société". paving the way, they render the path more the “nugæ canoræ" of an idle hour. It is rugged, if not ipso facto inaccessible. They not to be expected, that in office, while occu- place their possessor under a species of pying that exalted and responsible station, “taboo”—an anomaly difficult to explain. the pursuits of literature could be largely if In other countries, even in these times,at all indulged, nor is it probable that out of times fraught with stirring incidents, big with office they would be seriously resumed, while events remarkable for change, demanding the taste and capacity for public life remain men of especial aptitude to guide the nationed. It would argue but an imperfect ac- al councils from knowledge based on the quaintance with human nature to look for soundest foundation of practical experience, the abandonment of the fascinations of and not upon closet learning and theoretic political activity, the agitation of stirring wisdom,—men like Guizot, Thiers, Lamartine, interests of state, the charms of the senate, have been raised to the highest political emfor the more peaceful and less exciting exer inence. But for his literary fame, Guizot cises of the intellect in the paths of literature might have drudged his life away, a “chef and science. And though a Grenville and a de bureau." Nor would Thiers have worked Wellesley may, in their retirement, have in his way to the first place in the councils of dulged in the amenities of scholastic lore, his sovereign, and for a time have swayed their tuneful labors may be appropriately the destinies of France, but for the literary likened to the fabled lays of the dying swan- abilities which distinguished his career as an the last emanations of minds severed for ever historian and political essayist, or rather from the abstractions of the political arena; journalist, a branch of literature more sucand as filling up the brief void between time cessfully though not more ably cultivated in and eternity by the harmless indulgence of an France than in this country. It would be elegant taste, rather than as the serious pro- | leading us out of our way to comment upon ductions of a literary life. That there have the remarkable contrast between the two been British stalesmen, whose grasp of soul countries in this respect. We cannot help, partook of universality; that there still is however, contrasting the career of a popular one, of whom it must be admitted, even by “ Rédacteur" in France, and the favorite edihis enemies, that his versatility of genius de- tor of an English journal. The one is filed fies all limit; the names of “Bacon" and of and caressed in all societies, reaches to the “Brougham" attest. But though both pinnacle of political greatness, even to be statesmen, they were not prime ministers. Prime Minister, or President of a Republic, Their rise to political eminence was through while the other remains to the end of the a channel widely distinct in its nature, and chapter pulling the strings and moving the wholly different in its termination. The bar wires which direct, control, and fire the pasand the church have ever been, doubtless, sions of the whole nation, which pull down
and set up ministers, make and unmake cabi- would not exchange that situation for all the adnets, -an unseen and often unknown private vantages which might be derived from an ancestry individual.
of an hundred generations." Again, if we direct our eyes to Germany, where the prejudices of rank and aristocracy Canning, though not a literary man, cerare, or perhaps we should say till lately tainly distinguished himself by his poetic were, pre-eminently strong, we can cite a taste. His Oxford prize poem, the"Iter ad Mecnumerous list of names illustrative of the tri- cam,” was reckoned one of the most elegant umph of literary and scientific learning. In specimens of classic taste. No one can forSaxony a Lindenau, in Prussia a Humboldt, get his “Needy Knife-Grinder,” his “ Friend to both prime ministers of their respective sov Humanity,”—the most exquisite morsels of ereigns, raised by literary and scientific repu- literary trifling; nor his powers of satire, so tation ; to say nothing of the Savignys, the frequently exercised on behalf of his friend Bunsens, the Niebuhrs, who have held port- and patron, Pitt, in the “New Morality.” folios, or been invested with the highest To what taunts again was Addington exdiplomatic functions. While the despotic posed on account of his low birth! Who states of Russia and Austria confine the re- forgets the sneers of Sheridan, in his parawards of literary and scientific excellence to phrase of Martial, “ I do not love thee, Dr. a professorship, a bit of ribbon at the button- Tell,” in allusion to the lucky accident which hole, or a diamond snuff-box, France, Prus- first brought him, the Doctor's Son, into sia, and Saxony make ministers of their poets notice! And who can doubt that Peel's and historians, ambassadors and envoys of double first, at Oxford, would have been as their scholars and their “ savans.”
little cared for as a senior wranglership at In England we may search in vain for Cambridge, which leads to the high reward such examples. Successful commanders, of an obscure college living, but for the forty naval and military, recruit the peerage, it is thousand a year which backed the honorable true, and a red ribbon and a baronetcy now baronet's claims to ministerial rank ! and then is doled out to a Banks, a Herschel, We are not going to make a disquisition or a Bulwer; but where is the solitary in on the peculiar fitness of literary and scienstance of a man who, since ministerial re tific men for high office, or to urge acasponsibility was more than nominal, since demic fame as the test of superior aptitude premiers were something more than the mere for statesmen. But we could not help noblind instruments of the sovereign will
, and ticing the fact, that while in France, Prussia, tools of faction, has grasped the helm and Saxony, and other Continental States, literary piloted the vessel of state, whose intellectu- and scientific men have been purposely seal claims alone, irrespective of birth, fortune, lected to fill the highest offices in the State, or aristocratical connections, have raised him in England high birth has ever been and still to that position ?
is considered the first criterion of ministerial Of thirly premiers since the Hanoverian fitness ;—the indispensable and oflen sole dynasty, three at most have leaped the bar quality of a Premier. of aristocratic prejudice; and they not on a Whether Lord John Russell be entitled to literary Pegasus, not from their achievements the character of a “ literary man" or not, in literature or in science, but by the force of can have but little influenced his chances of party zeal, the intrigue and warmth of politi- official success. Third son of a Duke of Bedcal hostility. How feelingly does Canning ford, the prestige of high family, which in allude to this rigid system of political exclu his case none can gainsay, joined to an assidusiveness !
ous attendance upon parliamentary duties,
would alone in time, with moderate capacity which assigns to a certain combination of great and ordinary acquirements, lead to the highfamilies a right to dictate to the sovereign, and to est official station. Nevertheless it is not influence the people ; and this doctrine of heredi- without interest to ascertain Lord John's tary aptitude for administration is, singularly rank in the Republic of Letters, to measure enough, most prevalent among those who find his excellence as a literary man,—a title he nothing more laughable than the principle of legit
may or may not be worthy of, but one imacy in the crown. To this theory I have never which, if we may judge from the quantity subscribed. If to depend directly upon the peo- he has written, he no doubt speculated on ple as their representative in Parliament; if, as a servant of the crown, to lean on no other support obtaining. For though some of his producthan that of public confidence--if that is to be an tions were evidently designed as a vehicle for adventurer, I plead guilty to the charge; and I conveying to the public the noble lord's po