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PAGE

PAGE Emily, to

Addresa, Temperance

438 England, our relations with

381

Army, Scenes and Adventures in the 405-453-573-655-701 Enthusiast, the-- An Autobiography of

261

A Boon, a Talisman, Oh Memory Give . 695 Europe, the Liberties of the People in

613

Adelia, to my Sister .

439

Alexine, to-in her first year .

723

Almeda, to-in New-England -
724 Father-Land .

527
Avator, the Irish . . ..

Fiction, Modern

343

Away from the Haunts of Men .

611 Fitch, his claims to the Steamboat .

56

B.

Flower, the Cottage .

Form, the first human

403
Ballads, Spanish-A Moor's curse on Spain

671
Frances and Fanny--A Love Story

704-748

- Banks, Hon. Linn-on the Death of .

282

Franklin, Dr. .

700

Battle of the Eighth, the -
4191 Future, Youth's Vision of the

624

Bayou Tabah-near Pensacola

629

Bishops, Ladies' . .

G.

Blackwood's Magazine vs. George Washington 283 Grave Yards

198

Blindness and the Blind

415 Grave, the Child's
Bluff, Harry-on the Right of Search

289 Grave, a Sister's
Blush, the
447 Grave Yard, the

80
Bolingbroke, Lord–His Political Character and Grave, Moonlight on the

548
Writings
Girl, to my little--by Mrs. E. J. Eames

255
Brackenridge, H. H.-Biographical Notice of .

Give me the Power I seek

670
C.

Great Britain, speculations upon the consequences
of a War with
.

444

Cabbage

2010

Greatness, whence arises the humility of

378

Campaign, incidents of a

60

Can I Forget? :

100

H.

Character, Formation of

401

Hamadryad, the

255

Chesapeake Bay, Ode to

317 Harp. the treasured

724

Child, the Sinless-by Mrs. Seba Smith

Haunted Castle, Legend of the

211

Child, lines on the Death of a

Heaven, the child of

321

Cbildhood

453

Christianity and Patriotism ..

Hope, what is

59

Christine

647
Church Steeple, to a .
725 Hunchback, the

330-677

Church, History of the -

76 Husband, the happy

Church, Middle-by John C. McCabe

321

Civil Law, the ..

249

College, Washington

611 Ideas, Genealogy of

548

Corneille, Life of P.

647 Ideal, the

523

Corolinn; A Persian Tale

155-215 Influence, Female

25

Country, I'll Fly to the
380 Irving, Navarrete and the Knickerbocker

725

Courtland, Florence

468-629 Italian Exile, Letters of an

I've Lived upon thy Memory

723

Dead, our .

365

K.
De Leon, Ponce

328 Keats

Dramatists, the French

763 Kindle, Sparks that may

Dramatists, the Greek

- 606-793 Knights of Malta, History of the 41-139-186-266-317-535

do.

665-735-757

Education, Popular

115

L.

Education, Modern Ideas concerning

625 Lafayette

792

Elopement, the-A Tale

716 Latour, Mrs.-by a Young Lady of Virginia . 485
Eloquence, Ancient and Modern
169 Leonora

229

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PUBLISHED MONTHLY, AT FIVE DOLLARS PER ANNUM—THOMAS W. WHITE, EDITOR AND PROPRIETOR.

VOL. VIII.

RICHMOND, JANUARY, 1842."

NO. 1.

THE NEW YEAR GREETINGS

I knowledge our obligations. And in returning our

thanks for past favors, we beg them to have paOF AN EDITOR TO HIS PATRONS AND FRIENDS.

tience with us sometimes, and bear with any seemThis is the season of gratulation among friends- ing neglect of their contributions. We have of good will among all. The first salutation of the bushels of these now before us; and every mail day from the merry lips of thousands, has been “a adds fresh supplies to the pile. With the growing happy new year." And to each and all of our pa-popularity of the Messenger, such has been the introns we wish many and happy returns of the sea- crease of contributors, that it would now keep one son. The new year is the time for reflecting upon person constantly employed to overhaul MSS. and the past, of making fresh resolves, and of renewing do nothing else. Therefore, if those who offer us our calculations upon the future. This is an in- pieces in a difficult hand, be occasionally kept a dalgence which the Messenger craves of those to month or two in suspense as to their fate, they whom it has made its monthly visits in their ap- should not complain. Ours is now the oldest mapointed regularity. It has now completed its se- gazine of its kind on this side of Mason & Dixon's venth year. During this long and tedious time, we line. Near eight years ago, when we undertook its hare struggled hard, rising up early and sitting down publication, we entered upon the work with many late, to make our Journal worthy of itself and its rea- forebodings, for there was much to dishearten and to ders. Within this period, time and death have done deter. The trial had been often made, and as often their work—they have taken away many a staunch failed; until the belief became almost universal, that and valued friend; but time and a kind Providence no publication of the kind could flourish or live at the have raised up others no less loyal and true. We South-and, though yet in the days of its youth, the too have had our trials-Planters and farmers have Messenger is now the Patriarch of Southern Litehad, with the returning seasons, their seed tiine and rature. It is the oldest magazine of the kind at the harvest—but we have had one long seed time of South. Within its time, it has seen kindred atseven years. Our harvest is now ripe for the tempts spring up and perish. But, thanks to its reaper; and we shall put in the sickle, to gather patrons and friends, it has now taken root from one in and garner up the fruits of our Jacob-like term end of the Union to the other-and is beyond the of labor ; for within the last year our subscription vicissitudes of the times. It is the first successful list has increased largely, and fresh numbers are diagram, by which the problem of Southern Literadaily lengthening it out. Never has the circulation ture has been demonstrated. And, as such, we of the Messenger been as great as it now is. To send it out to the world each time of publication continue in the favor which we have won, we shall with livelicr feelings of pride and pleasure. relax no muscle, spare no exertion; and the better to serve those who are friends, we are now purging our subscription list of all those who patronize us only in name. The making up of each No. for the

BIOGRAPHICAL NOTICE mail, after it comes from the binder, occupies alone nearly two weeks. The obligations between pro

OF H. H. BRACKENRIDGE, prietor and subscriber are reciprocal, and an Edi- LATE OF THE SUPREME court OF PENNSYLVANIA. tor can afford, no more than any other laborer, “to Hugh Henry Brackenridge, (or Breckenridge as work for nothing and find himself;' --we have tried the name is most usually spelled,) was born near it, and find it a hard task. In our literary cater- Campbletown, in Scotland, in the year 1750, and ship, we have marketed at home and abroad; we was brought to America by his parents, at five have gathered up from the sea and the land, and years of age. His father was a poor farmer, with have monthly spread before our readers the costly only su 'cient means to pay for the passage of his banquet; and we can now promise our readers a family : and this he could not have accomplished corps of correspondents in the old world and the but for the sale of some extra clothing on his arrival. new—such as no paper in the land can boast of. The barrens of York county, in PennsylvaOnward is our course. If the Messenger has nia, and the adjacent part of Maryland, cighty been good in times past, it shall be better in times years ago, were pretty much in the same state of to come. It has never had such a list of corres-population and improvements, as our most remote pondents as those whose pens are now engaged to settlements at the present day. Mr. Brackenadorn its pages. To them, and not to us, belongs the ridge's father required the assistance of all his honor of its excellencies ; to them, we feel and ac-'children on the small farm which he leased; yet,

Vol. VIII-1

like the Scotch in general, he neglected no oppor-than by the qualifications of the applicant; and tunity in his power of giving the best education after some hesitation, gave him the place. This to his children. Hugh was sent to the country situation not only required scholarship, but called school in the neighborhood, and was soon remarked for a determined spirit--for several of his scholars for great vivacity and aptitude for learning; the were young men at least several years older than teacher even complained that he discouraged his himself. One of them attempted to overturn the other scholars. The pursuit of learning soon be- authority of the youthful teacher by force, who, came a passion in which he manifested that intense seizing a brand from the fire, knocked the rebel ardor and perseverance which characterized him down, and spread terror around him. An investithrough life.

gation was the consequence; and Hugh was conIt was the good fortune of the subject of this firmed in his office with honor. He continued notice, to find a friend in the clergyman settled in here about three years, permitting no moment to the neighborhood. This benevolent person, seeing escape without improving himself in knowledge ; the passion for learning manifested by a poor boy and his opportunities were now considerably enof obscure parentage, took pleasure in rendering larged. On one occasion, he shut up his school him every assistance in his power. A few lessons for a few days to attend a celebrated trial for at long intervals sufficed to enable the willing pu- murder at Annapolis; and, when he heard the pil, by dint of application, to master the Latin, and great orator Jennings, he exclaimed, like the celemake some progress in the Greek, under every dis- brated Italian artist--soi anche pittore! I too am advantage, before he reached his thirteenth year. la painter ! The Saturday evening was the usual time for re- He remained at this place until he had exhausted ceiving instruction, for which he performed various the sources of learning near him; and his thirst little offices in return. At home, by means of the for knowledge urged him to seek more copious dim light made by chips and splinters, he conned streams. At the age of eighteen, with the scanty over his book, or books; for he rather devoured pittance saved by him at the obscure school where than studied them in the ordinary way. It must he had taught, he boldly repaired to Princeton be confessed, however, that Hugh was not as College, and presented himself to the celebrated highly praised for his diligence at out-door work. Dr. Witherspoon, then its president. This was But he was not discouraged by his parents. His about the year sixty-eight or nine of the last cenmother, who was a woman much superior in intel- tury. He agreed to teach two classes, on condilect and education to the generality of persons in tion of being permitted to pursue his studies in the her circumstances, began to look forward with fond higher branches. hope to seeing her favorite son one day a minister At this time there was a number of young men of the Gospel.

of the highest promise at this institution, and who His great difficulty was to procure books. By afterwards ranked among the most distinguished some means he had become the master of an Ho- public men in this country: the Livingstons of race-every word and line of which he had con- New-York, Luther Martin, James Madison, and a ned over. This treasure was one day unfortu- number of others, who afterwards became eminent. nately forgotten on a stump, and chewed up by a While at college his ambition urged him to exliterary cow. The loss was regarded by Hugh as cel, if possible, in every department of learning: but the keenest distress he had yet experienced. He he acknowledged that he had no great aptitude in was known to go twenty or even thirty miles to mathematics; and although he courted the Muses, procure the loan of a book or even of a newspa- and in conjunction with the poet Freneau, his per; starting on Saturday night, and returning to classmate, composed a poem on “ The Rising his work on Monday morning. Foggs' Manor, in Glory of America,” he confessed that on his part Chester county, was usually the scene of these ex-it was a task of labor, while the verse of his cursions.

associate flowed spontaneously. His task lay in Great ardor in any pursuit will almost create belles lettres and general literature ; in languages, for itself the means of success; but when sustained philosophy, moral science, or ethics : in wit and by genius, all difficulties give way before it, and eloquence, he stood unequalled. He could reason impossibilities no longer exist. Once, meeting well, had a fine voice, a fine person, and an eagle with a young man who had made some progress in eye; the last are physical gifts which set off his mathematics, but was not acquainted with the dead accomplishments to the greatest advantage, and languages, he struck up a bargain, mutually ad- are almost indispensable to the public speaker. vantageous, bartering a portion of Latin and Greek The narrowness of his pecuniary circumstances for the acquirements of the other.

often depressed him. He used to relate an anecThe free school on the Gunpowder Falls, in dote of Dr. Witherspoon, which is worth preservMaryland, being without a teacher, he presented ing. Happening to speak of his limited means himself at the age of fifteen for the situation. The and want of friends, he quoted this line from Juvetrustees were not less surprised at the application, 'nal

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