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PEEFACE TO THE FIEST EDITION.

It is a salutary axiom, especially in this book-making age, that no volume should be sent before the public without something beyond a private reason for its appearance. It requires to be shown that other people have an interest to be served by it, and that the author's own pleasure or advantage is not alone consulted.

But even this plea, however well made out, will not be a sufficient or satisfactory excuse for publication, unless the work be very erudite or far in advance of the times, and calculated to benefit future generations. For an ordinary volume, on a common subject, the additional justification of being adapted and required for the use of large numbers of the people is demanded.

How far, then, these requirements can be substantiated in reference to the present unassuming little essay, the reader will easily be able to judge when its origin and purport are explained.

Having spent a good deal of time in passing through the suburbs of large towns, (particularly the metropolis,) the author, in common with many others whom he has had the opportunity of. conversing with, has been very much impressed with the incongruity and dullness observable in the majority of small gardens, and been led strongly to wish that the general appearance of such districts were more gratifying to the passers-by, and the arrangement of individual gardens more productive of pleasure to the several occupants. There is such a humanising and elevating influence about everything that is really beautiful, whether in Art or Nature, that it is almost impossible for the observant wayfarer to stumble upon such objects without being cheered and benefited; while their effect on those who have them daily beneath their eye is of a still deeper kind.

From the author's every-day intercourse with gentlemen who are either laying out new grounds, or are seeking to amend errors in design formerly committed, he is also enabled to perceive that sound and useful information is greatly wanted on the subject of landscape-gardening, and that to this defect is mainly attributable the deformities so lamentably frequent. He feels certain, moreover, that other landscape-gardeners will bear him out in the assertion, that their services are more employed to remedy irregularities which have been fallen into for want of due consideration and enlightenment, than to furnish entirely new designs. And the difficulty and expense of rectifying such errors can scarcely be over-estimated. It is wisely ordained that, while a truly beautiful object will yield permanent and increasing delight, everything of a contrary nature is nearly sure, at some period or other, to pall and disgust the mind.

As far as the writer's own observation has extended,—and he has reason to believe that is a fair criterion of the real facts of the case,—there is no want of appreciation, among the classes for whom this work is intended, of what is tasteful and elegant in gardening. Most persons arc able to admire a chaste and beautiful garden, when they see it. What is rather required is something or some one to develop and guide their tastes, and direct them to fitting objects.

On all these accounts, then, and as a humble but earnest effort to supply these demands, the book now submitted has been written. It is clearly required by the multitude, for how few there are among the middle classes who do not possess a small garden. And the very extreme of smallness will not exclude a place from the beneficent influence of art; which is, perhaps, all the more necessary and powerful in proportion as the limits become more contracted. Still, a garden varying in extent from a quarter of an acre to four or five acres, and either wholly without an accompanying field, or having one that comprises from one to twenty-five acres, is what has been chiefly kept in view.

Nor will places of greater size and more pretension than have been actually contemplated in the outline of the work, l>e altogether beyond its range. Unambitious as it is in its title and leading object, it may not be without interest or use to the proprietor of a large domain. In its radical principles, Art is essentially the same, whether it apply to a great or a little object; and, relieved of whatever is peculiar in its reference to small places, (this being distinctly pointed out, where it is requisite to do so,) the points of which the book prominently treats are such as embrace both extensive aud limited estates indiscriminately. The author's hope is, consequently, while writing for a large and particular section of the community, not entirely to shut out a smaller but higher or more wealthy class.

The work of the late indefatigable Mr. Loudon, on Suburban Gardening, being somewhat of the nature of the present more restricted production, may be mentioned with the greatest respect, as a voluminous and ample treatise on everything relating to the subject. The book now submitted more gratifying to the passers-by, and the arrangement of individual gardens more productive of pleasure to the several occupants. There is such a humanising and elevating influence about everything that is really beautiful, whether in Art or Nature, that it is almost impossible for the observant wayfarer to stumble upon such objects without being cheered and benefited; while their effect on those who have them daily beneath their eye is of a still deeper kind.

From the author's every-day intercourse with gentlemen who are either laying out new grounds, or are seeking to amend errors in design formerly committed, he is also enabled to perceive that sound and useful information is greatly wanted on the subject of landscape-gardening, and that to this defect is mainly attributable the deformities so lamentably frequent. He feels certain, moreover, that other landscape-gardeners will bear him out in the assertion, that their services are more employed to remedy irregularities which have been fallen into for want of due consideration and enbghtenment, than to furnish entirely new designs. And the difficulty and expense of rectifying such errors can scarcely be over-estimated. It is wisely ordained that, while a truly beautiful object will yield permanent and increasing delight, everything of a contrary nature is nearly sure, at some period or other, to pall and disgust the mind.

As far as the writer's own observation has extended,—and he has reason to believe that is a fair criterion of the real facts of the case,—there is no want of appreciation, among the classes for whom this work is intended, of what is tasteful and elegant in gardening. Most persons arc able to admire a chaste and beautiful garden, when they see it. What is rather required is something or some one to

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