History of Civilization in England, Том 2

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John W. Parker, 1858 - 710 стор.
 

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From Egypt 7584
75
From Central America 8485
84
And from Mexico and Peru 86
92
Influence of the general aspects of nature upon the imagination
108
Also by an unhealthy climate making life precarious 115118
115
This proposition illustrated by a comparison between Hindustan
133
Hence it appears that of the two classes of mental and physical
142
Examination of the two metaphysical methods of generalizing
143
Failure of these methods 150162
150
The progress of society is twofold moral and intellectual 158159
158
And intellectual truths arc constantly changing 164165
164
Illustrations of this from Rome and Spain 108171
171
Illustrations from Russia and Turkey 177179
177
The invention of gunpowder 185190
185
The first improvement in writing history began in the fourteenth
190
The discoveries made by political economists 191200
191
The application of steam to purposes of travelling 200203
200
CHAPTER V
207
This being as yet little understood historians have not collected
210
Comparison of the history of England with that of France 216216
216
Necessity of ascertaining the fundamental laws of intellectual pro
222
Influence of religion on the progress of society 232244
232
And from Sweden and Scotland 242244
242
Influence of government on the progress of society 250264
250
Legislators have caused smuggling with all its attendant crimes 256267
256
England has been less interfered with in these ways than other
263
One cause of error in history was the invention of writing 272276
272
But the most active cause of all was the influence of the clergy 282283
282
Illustration of this from the history of Charlemagne by Turpin 292294
292
But credulity was still prevalent as is seen in Comines 300301
300
CHAPTER VII
306
Hooker contrasted with Jewel 312315
312
This tendency displayed in Chillingworth 310321
322
Under James I and Charles I this opposition to authority assumes
329
Its influence upon Boyle 337339
337
Legislative improvements in the reign of Charles II in spite
348
Importance of the Revolution 367368
367
Hence a schism in the church 375377
375
The church rallied for a moment under Anne 382383
382
Rapid succession of sceptical controversies 389391
389
Doctrine of personal representation and idea of independence
396
Ignorance of George III
405
Ability and accomplishments of Burke 414418
414
Burkes subsequent hallucinations and violence 424432
424
The king now favoured him 432433
432
Policy in regard to France 439442
439
Coinciding with this the feudal system and an hereditary aristo
502
Hence the French Protestants being headed by the clergy become
504
They raise a civil war which was a struggle of classes rather than
525
Analogy between Descartes and Richelieu 543544
543
It was also seen in the wars of the Fronde 549552
549
The nobles displace the clergy and celibacy is opposed by
562
Effects of this difference between the two countries in the four
568
This state contrasted with that of England 575576
575
Illustration from the history of chivalry 570583
583
Both were opposed by the clergy and nobles Natural alliance
589
CHAPTER X
595
France the energy of the protective spirit and the power
600
The English rebellion was a war of classes 697606
606
Vanity and imbecility of the French nobles 608615
608
But the English rebellion succeeded because it was a democratic
619
Men of letters grateful to Louis XIV
626
Its first effect was to stop the progress of science 632636
632
Also in zoology and in chemistry
640
Illustrations from the history of French art 648650
648
CHAPTER XII
655
Admiration of England expressed by Frenchmen 668660
668
Hence liberal opinions in France which the government attempted
670
Violence of the government 682685
682
Hence they were led to assail Christianity 603697
697
Still further progress early in the seventeenth century 708710
708
Illustration of this from the work of Audigier 718721
718
Immense improvements introduced by Voltaire 730750
730
His views adopted by Mallet Mably Velly Villaret Duclos
737
And on the pedantic admirers of antiquity 743745
743
Ignorant prejudice against him in England
750
The works of Montesquieu and value of his method 751766
751
The discourses of Tiirgot and their influence 757758
757
Recapitulation of preceding views 759760
763
And to favour religious toleration 770772
770
Jansenism being allied to Calvinism its revival in France aided
779
Connexion between this movement and the rise of atheism 786788
786
And in Condillac 792795
792
Also on chemistry and geology 799807
799
In England during the same period there was a dearth of great
808
Connexion between these views and subsequent discoveries 816819
816
Bichats work on life 823827
823
And in mineralogy by De Lisle and Haiiy 831834
831
Analogy between this and Pinels work on insanity 834835
834
The same democratic tendency was observable in changes of dress 841842
841
Summary of the causes of the French Revolution 848850
848
The historian must ascertain whether mind or nature has most
849

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Сторінка 842 - ... whenever any form of government becomes destructive of these ends, it is the right of the people to alter or abolish it, and to institute a new government, laying its foundations on such principles, and organizing its powers in such form, as to them shall seem most likely to effect their safety and happiness.
Сторінка 423 - The storm has gone over me; and I lie like one of those old oaks which the late hurricane has scattered about me. I am stripped of all my honours, I am torn up by the roots, and lie prostrate on the earth!
Сторінка 218 - The greater number of the deputies sent to the congress were lawyers. But all who read, and most do read, endeavor to obtain some smattering in that science. I have been told by an eminent bookseller, that in no branch of his business, after tracts of popular devotion, were so many books as those on the law exported to the plantations.
Сторінка 312 - In matters of God, to set down a Form of Prayer, a solemn Confession of the Articles of the Christian Faith, and Ceremonies meet for the exercise of Religion ; it were unnatural not to think the Pastors and Bishops of our souls a great deal more fit, than men of secular trades and callings...
Сторінка 415 - In effect, to follow not to force the public inclination, to give a direction, a form, a technical dress, and a specific sanction to the general sense of the community, is the true end of legislature.
Сторінка 420 - ... necessary to consider distinctly the true nature and the peculiar circumstances of the object which we have before us: because, after all our struggle, whether we will or not, we must govern America according to that nature and to those circumstances, and not according to our own imaginations...
Сторінка 26 - In a given state of society, a certain number of persons must put an end to their own life. This is the general law; and the special question as to who shall commit the crime depends of course upon special laws; which, however, in their total action, must obey the large social law to which they are subordinate. And the power of the larger law is so irresistible, that neither the love of life nor the fear of another world can avail anything towards even checking its operation.
Сторінка 49 - The condition of the class can be bettered in no other way than by altering that proportion to their advantage : and every scheme for their benefit, which does not proceed on this as its foundation, is, for all permanent purposes, a delusion.
Сторінка 140 - Europe, the population of the towns is everywhere outstripping that of the country; and it is evident that the more men congregate in great cities, the more they will become accustomed to draw their materials of thought from the business of human life, and the less attention they will pa,y to those peculiarities of nature, which are the fertile source of superstition, and by which, in every civilization out of Europe, the progress of man was arrested. From these facts it may be fairly inferred, that...
Сторінка 319 - For my part, I am certain that God hath given us our reason, to discern between truth and falsehood ; and he that makes not this use of it, but believes things he knows not why; I say, it is by chance that he believes the truth, and not by choice ; and that I cannot but fear that God will not accept of this sacrifice of fools.

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