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ces was sanctioned by the practice of the be pleased to gi'e ust"-(Mucli laughter.) Church.

- Tbe Doctor concluded his address hy The Lord Provost held, that for the calling upon the Assembly to come buldly right discharge of the clerical duties, it forward, and trust to the liberality of his was important a Minister should be in Majesty's Ministers, who had never yet easy circumstances, free from all pecu. disappointed them in any reasonable reniary embarrassments, that he might de. quest. Let us sweep away the last vesvote his whole undivided attention to the tiges of corruption, and then we might sacred duties of his office; and, for that hope to see this visible become like the reason, he should support the overtures. spiritual Church, a glorious Church, withDr Ferrie of Kilconquhar deprecated the out spot or wrinkle, or any such thing. arguments of some of the speakers, de. -(Great applausc.) Dr Cook here with nouncing pluralists, as they were called, prew his motion as unnecessary. After an as selfish and interested men. Dr Chal- able and argumentative speech by James mers said he abominated the whole sys. Moncrieff, Esq. Advocate, against the tem of pluralities, but he acquitted him- union of offices, the cries of Question" self of any hostility to the persons of and · Vote" became loud and general, those who held them. He wished to see and the roll was accordingly called, when a clear and comfortable adjustment of there appeared the question. He believed that, over the For Dr Nicoll's motion,

160 whole length and breadth of the land, For Mr Marshall's, they would not find abler and more ac.


-54 complished men than those pluralists. being double the majority of last year, All that he wished was, that they were the numbers then being 144 to 118. double in amount-it would just be the *24.Dr Lee, as convener of the comaddition of so many more labourers. It mittee on the manuscripts of the Church, was a simple maxim, admitted by the made a communication, stating general. common sense of all ages, that the work ly, that, during last year, the committee of two men was better than one. They had not been able to recover any MSS. had been called on for instances of the of great value. Some, however, of rather defects of pluralists. There was no al. a curious nature, they had recovered legation of defects. But it was clear one of which tended to throw consider. that thore duties might be done still bet. able light upon the opinions of the fa. ter if such men had not both their hands thers, in reference to the subject which filled, and were not encumbered with a bad been under discussion on Wednes. double watch, right and left. He could day. It related to the translation of Dr not help lamenting the mischiefs done Dickson from Glasgow, to a professorial by the second-rate philosophers of the pre. chair in Edinburgh, to which it was un. sent age, and felt grateful in looking derstood that a parochial charge was at. back to those great names.the New. tached. tons, and Boyles, and Lockes, and Bacons, 25.-Dr Campbell, as convener of the but chief of these the great Sir Isaac, whose committee on the translation of the humility showed the sincerity of his be- Gaelic Bible, gave in the report, which lief in the great truths of the Gospel. was read. The translation of the Old The Rev. Doctor contrasted, in a strain Testament had been printed in quarto, of high and impassioned eloquence, the and that of the New Testament in oc. value of these high testimonies in favour tavo; a translation of the metrical ver. of Christianity, with the littleness of the sion of the Psalms had also been made. second-rate philosophers of the present The committee recommended, that this day, who affected to consider the study translation of the Scriptures should be of religion as beneath their notice. He used in all churches and chapels under did not like that part of the motion the authority of the Assembly: Copies which instructed the committee to inquire of the work were laid on the table of the into the means of providing proper en. House. dowments. This was not in good taste. The Assembly then proceeded to con. It was too Scottish a method of going sider an appeal from certain inhabitants about the business. This the Rev. Doctor of the parish of Lasswade, against a de. illustrated by the well-known anecdote of cision of the Presbytery of Dalkeith, rethe characteristic national replies to a ge. fusing permission to erect a-chapel.nf neral question, which excited much laugh ease at Roslin ; with a dissent from said ter in the House The Assembly should decision, løy the Rev. Mr Ramsay, minis. come forward boldly and firmly with a de. ter of Ormiston. claration of their purpose and their princi. After parties had been heard, and the ple, and not ask, like the Scotsman in his members of Assembly had delivered their anecdote, “ What will your honours opinions, it was carried unanimously that the Assembly do sustain the appeal from to Mr Cunningham of Lainshaw, offer the Presbytery of Dalkeith, and reverse ing to pay £.100 per annum for five the sentence: Find the circumstances of years, if that gentleman would give him the case are such as to render it expe. the presentation to the church and parish dient that the prayer of the petition of Stewarton. This letter Mr Cunningshould be granted, and a chapel-of-ease ham communicated to the Presbytery. erected at Roslin : Remit to the Presby. · Principal Nicoll said, if there was any tery to proceed in the matter according thing about which the law of the Church to the act of Assembly relative to chapels was inure express than another, it was to of ease.

prevent simony. It was true, the crime 26.- The report of the committee on was not here completed, but the moral the Widows' Fund was made by Sir H. guilt was as great as in the actual com. Moncreiff, who stated, that an addition mission. That it was not committed, would this year be made to the annui. was not the fault of the appellant. He ties, but no farther addition could be therefore moved that the Assembly do made for fourteen years to come. With disiniss the appeal, and affirm the sen. respect to the additional emoluments to tence of the Synod. the officers of the fund, he said it was not Mr Jarnes Moncrieff seconded tbe of great consequence to him as an indi. motion, which, after some observations vidual, for in all probability he had but from the Solicitor-General, was unani. little longer to live; but the other officers mously approved of. were well entitled to an advance of salary, 28. There was no business of import. for never were more meritorious indivi. ance, and the Assembly was diesolved in duals employed in any service than the the usual form. clerk of the trustees and the collector's 14.Ball and Concert for the Relief clerk.

of the Distressed Manufacturers of Scot. The report of the committee for class. land. - A Ball and Concert was given in ing returns to overtures was called for, the Assembly Rooms, George Street, for when it appeared that a majority of the the benefit of the distressed manufactu. Presby teries had approved of the first rers, which was attended by a fashionable overture for an alteration in the course party of nearly 400. The rooms were of Theological Study, and one half of the very neatly fitted up for the occasion. The Presbyteries agreed to both overtures. lobby was encircled with white, and

Dr Brunton, Convener of the Commit- edged with pink, and the columns were tee, stated that the result of the returns fluted with white, and wreathed with were, that 42 Presbyteries approved of pink, which had a pleasing effect. The the first overture, and 38 had returned in large room was appropriated for dancing, favour of the second. Therefore, he and the smaller rooms were very neatly should now move, that the first overture arranged for the concert and refreshments. do pass into a law, and that the second The company began to arrive about ten, be re-transmitted. By this overture and shortly afterwards dancing commen. being passed into a law of the Church, it ced, which was kept up with much spi. would become imperative on every stu. rit till nearly four o'clock, varying from dent of divinity to give one year of regu• quadrilles to waltzes and country dances. tar attendance at the Divinity Hall. So The sum collected was upwards of £.400. far from this alteration being injurious A mausoleum to the memory of the to students, who were afterwards to be late Professor Playfair has recently been come tutors, he thought quite the con- commenced on the Calton Hill, and is in trary would be the result; because, after rapid progress. The architecture is Grehaving attended one year, and he thought cian, after a design by Mr Williarn Play. that should be their first year, they would fair, and the work is being executed in a be more able to undertake the duties of very superior manner, under Messrs the office. They would stand on a high. Smith and Culbertson. The situation is er grade in education, and, as they rose, at the south-east corner of the Observaso would their pupils also rise. He tory wall, and will be within the new en. concluded by moving, that the first over. closure. When completed, this monu. ture do now pass into a law, which was ment will be one of the most beautiful unanimously approved of.

architectural ornaments of our city. The Assembly then proceeded to hear A very interesting experiment has the appeal of Alexander Brown, preacher lately been conducted in the Armoury of of the Gospel, against a sentence of the the Tower of London, in which the most Synod of Glasgow and Ayr, affirming a intense light ever yet produced by art sentence of the Presbytery of Glasgow, was exhibited. It was excited by direct. depriving him of his licence for simonai ing a jet of spirit lamp upon a piece of cal practices; he having written a letter lime, by the action of a stream of oxygen

gas. The light thus produced is calcu- esting detail of the mission to Russia. lated as being eighty times more intense He stated that, notwithstanding all that than an equal area of light emitted by the had been said to the contrary, the Rus. combustion of an argand lamp. It is sian Government had not broken faith said to be visible at a distance of 120 with the Missionaries-for, by the law of miles.

that empire, it is a crime to proselytise 26.-Highland Schools. This even. any of its subjects. That this law, note ing nearly 100 Gentlemen, who take a withstanding the despotic nature of the warm interest in the success of the Ge- Russian Government, the late Emperor neral Assembly's scheme in establishing could not alter, from the manner it was additional schools and catechists in the interwoven with the prejudices of the Highlands and Islands, met at supper in people and the priesthood. The Mis. M'Ewan's Rooms, Royal Exchange. sionaries were at first settled as colonists, Principal Baird in the chair, Dr Chalmers and subsequently the protection of the croupier. The Stewards appointed were Emperor was extended to them, not offiDrs. Nicol, M'Farlane, Thomson, Cook, cially, however, but merely as a private Rose, Rev. Mr M‘Leod of Campsie, So- friend. From the account Dr Ross gave licitor-General, Sir John Connell, Sir of the Emperor's character, it appeared Henry Jardine, Sir A. M. M*Kenzie, that he had alike protected all sects, and James Moncrieff, Esq., and General would not permit any one to be persecu. Campbell of Lochnell. A number of toasts ted for conscience sake; nor during the were given and observations made, con. whole course of his reign, of twenty-four nected with the subject of the meeting; years, did he perform one despotic act and on the suggestion of Principal Baird, that he ever heard of the whole course it was agreed that henceforward, every of the Emperor's policy being to merit year, on the return of every General Aso the appellation of " father of his people." sembly, there should be held a meeting The Rev. Doctor, at considerable length, of an association friendly to the extension noticed the various tribes to whom the of schools and catechists among the help. Gospel had been sent by the Missionaries, less Highlanders, under the style and and in the course of his narrative related title of “ The Assembly's Education some interesting anecdotes. The meetClub.” The evening was passed in great ing was subsequently addressed by Mr J. conviviality, and amidst enthusiastic and Brydges, Mr Malan, and others. universal expressions of the best wishes June 1.-Public Meeting.-Thurs. to the great and good cause which had day, a general meeting of the merbrought them together.

chants, ship.owners, and inhabitants 30.Scottish Missionary Society. of Leith, was held in the Exchange Cof. The anniversary meeting of the Scottish fee-room there, to receive the report of Missionary Society was held in the As. the committee on the affairs of the har, sembly Rooms, George Street, Professor bour and docks--the Senior Magistrate M'Gill of Glasgow in the chair. Among in the chair. those present, were observed Mr Fergu. Bailie Hardie read the Report..It was son of Woodhill; Mr Stirling of Con- very voluminous, and was received with tent; Mr George Ross, Advocate ; MrJ. much applause. In detailing the various Brydges, W.s. ; the Rev. Drs Campbell, steps which had been taken to obtain the Dickson, Gordon, Buchanan, Ross, Thom- act, which received the Royal assent on son, Peddie, and Muirhead; Reverend the 29th ult., a high compliment was paid Messrs Malan, Grey, Ritchie, Haldane, by the committee to the gentlemanly and Innes, &c. &c. The report of the Din patient manner in which the discussions rectors was read by Dr Dickson, one of were carried on by the Lord Provost and the secretaries. It gave a very flattering Bailie Gilchrist, who went to London as account of the progress in teaching of a sub.committee on the part of the city youth, made by the two Missionaries of of Edinburgh. The zealous and disinthe Society in the East Indies; and of terested exertions of Messrs Scarth and the very great hopes entertained of much Crichton, who attended to the interests good being done in Jamaica, where of the inhabitants of Leith, were also preachers, in connexion with the Presby. noticed. The Report stated, that the terian Church, are and will be generally public bill of last Session, and the private well received. The planters, many of one referred to above, are so completely whom are Scotsmen, being partial to mi. connected with each other, that they are nisters of that connection. In Russia, in fact only two parts of the same meathe Society either has, or is about to give sure. The result of these gives a clear up the Missionary stations formerly occu- view of the affairs of the Port of Leith, pied, the Rev. Dr. Ross, in moving as follows: that the Report be printed, gave an inter- “ 1. The amount of the debt on the VOL XVIII.


docks is reduced, as agreed to by the incorporated trades of Leith, and one by City of Edinburgh, in the last amended the ship-owners' society of Leith, and state of the Dock Company's Bill, to three persons to be named from time to £.265,000.

time by the Lords Commissioners of the “ 2. In consideration of a part of the Admiralty, in all 21." Inner Wet Dock, and a space of ground 'The Report, after pointing out the ad. adjoining, being given up to the Commis, vantages to be derived from the harbour, sioners of his Majesty's navy, for the use when improved by the expenditure of of the naval service, Government have £.47,000, without any addition to the given a loan to the amount of £.265,000, burdens of the trade of the port-the at the rate of 3 per cent. per annum on a prospect of its becoming a naval station sipking fund equal to one per cent, per of greater importance than was before annum, for the first twelve years, and 2 contemplated besides being made accesper cent. thereafter, being accumulated sible to steam and passage-boats at all for the extinction of the debt. The Go times of the tide-and noticing the plans vernment debt being paid off, the docks of Mr Crichton, suggested in a letter to revert to the City of Edinburgh. to Lord Melville, in October 1824,(which

“ 3. The City of Edinburgh have is already before the public) regarding the entered into an agreement, to expend improvement of the harbour, concludes out of their shore-dues £.2800 on the by stating, extension of the eastern pier, while Go- “ That while the committee give every vernment proposes to expend £.19,000 due credit to Mr Crichton, as the pro. on the extension of the western pier, so poser of the plan which has been instru. as to form, at the same time, a commu- mental in bringing about so much good, nication to the naval-yard, and so effect they feel at a loss how to adequately ex. the improvement of the harbour.

press their feelings as to the conduct of “ 4. Commissioners are appointed for the excellent Nobleman to whom the let. superintending and managing the affairs ter was addressed, without whose quick of ihe harbours and docks, and improve discrimination of the merits of those ments therewith, excepting only that they plans contained in it, might, like many shall not interfere in the collection of the others suggested by persons without rank revenue, and that they shall not have the or influence, have passed unnoticed. By power of expending more than £.1000 per the excellent arrangements which occurs annum on the harbour, and a like sum red to Lord Melville, for carrying through on the docks, without the consent of the these plans, on the Dock Company's Town Council of Edinburgh. They are Bill being thrown out, it is difficult to also to have the charge of the ballast de. say whether his Lordship has conferred partment, and to have the power of con. the greater benefit on the public service structing timber basins on the eastern on the City of Edinburgh, or on the Port of sands. They are also to have the ap- Leith. All have been mutually benefit. pointment of a superintendent, and alled to an extent beyond the most sanguine the other officers to be employed under expectations, and his Lordship, along them; such appointments, however, with the Honourable J. Abercromby, being subject to the approval of the Town in settling the points at issue between the Council, with the exception of the clerk Town Council and the Leith Committee, who keeps their minutes, who is to be has taken such extraordinary pains to inappointed by the Council, but to be sub- vestigate matters to arrive at a just deci. ject to suspension by commissioners. sion, that even on those one or two points

* 5. The commissioners are to consist on which he may have not gone the full of the Lord Provost, and five other mem- length of the wishes of this committee, bers of the Town Council, the Master of they have felt it due to his Lordship to the Merchant Company of Edinburgh, admit the great strength of the arguments three persons elected by the Trinity which have been adopted by him." House of Leith, three to be elected by the A series of resolutions were moved by Merchant Company of Leith, two mer. Mr George Aitchison, and unanimously chants in Edinburgh, who shall be payers adopted. The thanks of the meeting of rates at the port of Leith to the extent were afterwards given to the members of of £.5 per annum, and not being mem- the committee, for the zealous and effi. bers of the Town Council, nor being con- cient manner in which they had discharnected therewith, or dependent thereon, ged the important trust committed to to be named by the Magistrates and them, and the meeting separated. Council of Edinburgh; three merchants New Machine. In a late sitting of or shipowners of Leith, being payers of the French Philomathic Society, M. rates to the extent of £.25 per annuin, Payen, who had recently arrived in Paris one of which to be elected by the incor- from London, made a very interesting poration of maltmen of Leith, one by the communication with respect to a new

machine, which seems destined to remedy sufficient to change the temperature of the inconvenience of high-pressure en. the liquid contained in one of the congines, and to be to the stean-engine densers. Now, the influence of heat on what the steam-engine was to the ma. this liquified gas is such, that, by raising chinery of other descriptions, which it re- it to 100 degrees, a pressure is obtained placed with so much public advantage. of 90 atmospheres, -an enormous presThe inventor is M. Brunel, who is at sure, which, having nothing to counterpresent employed in constructing a tun- balance it but that of the other condenser, nel under the Thames. In conjunction sets the machine in motion with a force of with hiin, Messrs Ternaux and Delessert 60 atmospheres. M. Brunel has already have just taken out at Paris a brevet constructed a model, and is at present d'importation. The following is a de- employed on a machine which will be of scription of the new force which the pur. eight-borse power. His apparatus seems suits of industry have thus aequired : destined (as we have already observed) to When a celebrated chemist, some time replace Mr Perkins's high-pressure enago, succeeded in reducing to a liquid gines. The latter are almost useless in state several gases until then considered practice, in consequence of the difficulty as fixed, scientific men pointed out the of finding metals capable of sustaining,

advantage which might be derived from without injury, the enormous heat that is · this discovery in the construction of new necessary. The metal, raised to a white

machines, the action of which, although heat, becomes so exceedingly softened, as powerful as that of high-pressure that hitherto it has been impossible to steam-engines, should not be liable to the use it for several successive hours with.. same inconveniences. It is this idea out the production of cracks or fissures., which M. Brunel has realized. In the It is true, that Mr Perkins hopes to dis. apparatus contrived by this ingenious cover a means of remedying this evil ; mechanic, the moving power is liquified but his efforts have not yet succeeded. carbonic acid, at a temperature of 10 de. The great advantage of M. Brunel's ma. grees, under a pressure of 20 atmospheres. chine consists in its being unnecessary This liquid gas is enclosed in two cylin. to raise the temperature of the condenser ders, placed at the two extremities of the above that of boiling water, in order to apparatus, and communicating with each produce the considerable pressure of 60 other. To destroy the equilibrium, it is atmospheres.


81 F.





I. CIVIL. May 3. The Earl of Pembroke to be Governor of Guernsey.

11. Sir James Wemyss Mackenzie, Bart. to be Lord Lieutenant of Ross-shire.

20. Robert Montgomery, Esq. appointed Lord Treasurer's Remembrancer in the Court of Exehequer, Scotland.

April 27. The Rev. William Black ordained
Minister of Shettleston Chapel.

May 4. Mr R. M.Nair Wilson elected Minister of Marchill Chapel of Ease, Glasgow.

9. Mr David M Rae called by the United Associate Congregation of Lathones,

11. The Rev. William Fleining ordained Mini. ster of the Parish of Westruther.

- Mr Alexander Fisher appointed Assistant and Successor to the Rev. Dr Jamieson, Nicholson Street, Edinburgh.

- The Rev. Alexander Duncan inducted to the Church of Colyton, Ayrshire.

17. Mr Robert Brown ordained Minister of Maygate Congregation, Dunfermline.

2). The Rev. Charles M'Combie presented by Sir John Forbes of Craigievar to the Parish of Lumphanan..

21. The Rev. Alexander Nivison ordained Mi. nister of the Parish of Roberton.

OF. Ensign West, Lieut. by purch. vice
Moore, prom.

Assist. Surg. Holmes,_from 17 Dr
Surg. vice Mostyn, 8 F.

23 Feb. 1826 Ensign Splaine, Lieut. by purch. vice Douglass, 16 Dr.

22 April L. Heyland, Ensign

8 do. H. De Visme, do.

22 do. Lieut. Quill, from 1 Vet. Bn. Lieut.

8 April 1825 T. Stopforit, Ensign by purch. vice Hay, 36 F.

22 April 1826 Ensign Franklyn, Lieut. by purch. vice Clarke, prom.

8 do. C. A. Dean, Ensign

do. Ensign Harris, Lieute by purch. vice Maitland, prom.

do. 20 Lieut. Browne, from 60 F. Ensign

do. Ensign Dalgety, Lieut. vice Close, dead

23 March J. Gallevey, Ensign by purch. vice Jekyll, Gren. Gds.

18 Feb. Gent. Cadet J. J. Grant, from R. Mil. Coll. Ensigo vice Usher, prom.

9 March B. J. Selway, Ensign

23 do. Serj. Jerome, Quart. Mast. vice Gill, ret,

do. Lieut. Nunn, Capt. by purch. vice Chadwick, prom.

22 April Ensign Ramsay, Lieut. by purch. vice Harley, 32 F.

8 do. C. Urquhart, Ensign

13 do. Ensign Lewis, from 45 F. Lieut, by purch. vice Macdonald, 80 F.

10 March 1826 R. Scheberras, Ensign

do. 81 Ensign Reeves, Lieut. by purch. vice Hamilton, prom.

8 April

2 March Ensign Russell, from 12 F. Lieut, vice Mackie, 5 F.

27 do.



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