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Fordyce, Turrift, Tain, Tongue, and For. think, that, under proper arrangement, far ; the Synod of Sutherland and Caith. it is desirable that the union of ofbees and ness; the Presbyteries of Dornoch and benefices should be abolished ; not that I Ross; the Synod of Perth and Stirling; think that the ordinary duties of both and the Presbytery of Stirling
may not be thoroughly perfumed, but Mr Marshall of Glasgow then proceed. because we should thus bring back the ed to state his reasons why he consider. Church to its original state, because the ed that the holding of pluralities was de. duties of one situation are quite suficient trimental to the interests of religion and for the talents and active powers of the education, and concluded a speech of con. great part of mankind, because the office siderable length and ability, by moving, of a minister or professor has a full claim
* That the General Assembly, having upon the individual wbo holds it for the considered the overtures relative to the full exercise of his intellectual powers, union of the office of a parochial, minis and because, were adequate emoluments ter with that of Principal or Professor in attached to it, greater encouragement any of the Universities of Scotland, and would be given to literature and theology beiug deeply convinced that such unions than exists under the present system. I are injurious to the interests of religion, am for appointing a committee of iseducation, and learning, and contrary to quiry. We shall thus know on what the spirit of our ecclesiastical constitution, ground we stand, and so legislate as to resolve, That a commilice be appointed prevent the danger of evil. This mode to prepare an overture to be transmitted of proceeding should, I think, be acceptto the Presbyteries of this.Church, for able to all, both to the supporters and preventing such unions of these offices in opposers of pluralities. The Reverend future, in all cases not already provided Doctor concluded with the following for by the act of Assembly 1817, and to motion : report to this Assembly; and farther, in “ The General Assembly having con. respect that some of the theological pro. sidered the overtures on the table, find, fessorships are not at present sufficiently that it is not expedient, under existing provided for, the General Assembly re circumstances, to transmit to Presbyteries solve to appoint a committee to take all an overture for abolishing the union of such cases into consideration, with in. offices in Universities with parochial structions to make all necessary inquiries, charges, where the law of residence is and to adopt all measures that may be not violated ; but appoint a Committe deemed expedient, with the view of obe to inquire and ascertain whether adequate taining some means or security for the endowments for theological professorship adequate endowment of these offices, and could be obtained, and what effect the to report to next Assembly." . . universal abolition of pluralities would • Mr Douglas Cheape, advocate, spoke produce on the connexion between the against the overtures.
Church and the Universities of Scotland! Principal Nicoll proposed that the fol. . The Lord President could not reirain lowing motion be adopted :--" That the from expressing bis most unqualified as General Assembly, having maturely de. tonishment, that the Clergy of any Estab liberated on the subject of these overtures, lished Church, and especially of the Church judge it inexpedient to transmit any of Scotland, should endeavour utterly overture upon the subject to the several and for ever, to disqualify themselves Presbyteries of this Church.”.
from holding the office of Professors in Dr Cook assumed it, us a fact, about the Universities of Scotland. For his which no man acquainted with the his. own part, he would wish to behold, dat tory of the Church can have any doubt, only the theological and philosophical that our Scottish Reformers did not con- chairs, but every chair in the University template, under their ecclesiastical polity, filled by Ministers of the Gospel ; and so the union of benefices with offices in Uni. impressed was be with a sense of the inversities. Yet they acted with respect to portance of the proper education and in this in a different mapner from what they struction of youth, that he would rejoics did as to other unions. They passed laws if possible, to see those of law and mediagainst the union of benefices with cure cine filled by such men, . He would rete of souls, against non-residence, and against for the motion of the Learned Doctor the junction of offices properly secular, (Cook), if that was the general sense of with parochial charges, but they passed the House ; but he would rather rate no law against the union of benefices with for the motion of the reverend Principal situations in Universities. So far, indeed, (Dr Nicoll) that they should dismiss this from this, they often indirectly and di- overture..(Hear, hear, and applause.) rectly sanctioned such union. I perfect. Dr M Gill combated at considerable ly agree, continued he, with those who length the doctrine that the union of all
ces was sanctioned by the practice of the be pleased to gi'e us?"_(Much laughter.) Church.
-The Doctor concluded his address by The Lord Provost held, that for the calling upon the Assembly to come buldly right discharge of the clerical duties, it forward, and trust to the liberality of his was important a Minister should be in Majesty's Ministers, who had never yet easy circumstances, free from all pecu. disappointed them in any reasonable re. niary embarrassments, that he might de. quest. Let us sweep away the last vesvote his whole undivided attention to the tiges of corruption, and then we might sacred duties of his office; and, for that hope to see this visible become like the reason, he should support the overtures, spiritual Church, a glorious Church, withDr Ferrie of Kilconquhar deprecated the out spot or wrinkle, or any such thing. arguments of some of the speakers, de. -(Great applause.) Dr Cook here withnouncing pluralists, as they were called, prew his motion as unnecessary. After an as selfish and interested men. Dr Chal. able and argumentative speech by James mers said he abominated the whole sys. Moncrieff, Esq. Advocate, against the tem of pluralities, but he acquitted him. union of offices, the cries of Question" self of any hostility to the persons of and # Vote” became loud and general, those who held them. He wished to see and the roll was accordingly called, when a clear and comfortable adjustment of there appeared. the question. He believed that, over the For Dr Nicoll's motion,.. 160 whole length and breadth of the land, For Mr Marshall's, G . 106 they would not find abler and more ac.
Majority, ii 54 complished men than those pluralists. being double the majority of last year, All that he wished was, that they were the numbers then being 144 to 118. double in amount it would just be the 924. Dr Lee, as convener of the com. addition of so many more labourers. It mittee on the manuscripts of the Church, was a simple maxim, admitted by the made a communication, stating general. common sense of all ages, that the work ly, that, during last year, the committee of two men was better than one. They had not been able to recover any MSS. had been called on for instances of the of great value. Some, however, of rather defects of pluralists. There was no al. a curious nature, they had recovered legation of defects. But it was clear one of which tended to throw consider. that those duties might be done still bet. able light upon the opinions of the fa. ter if such men had not both their hands thers, in reference to the subject which filled, and were not encumbered with a bad been under discussion on Wednese double watch, right and left. He could day. It related to the translation of Dr not help lamenting the mischiefs done Dickson from - Glasgow, to a professoriai by the second-rate philosophers of the pre- chair in Edinburgh, to which it was unsent age, and felt grateful in looking derstood that a parochial charge was at. back to those great names the New. tached. tons, and Boyles, and Lockes, and Bacons, 25.-Dr Campbell, as convener of the but chief of these the great Sir Isaac, whose committee on the translation of the humility showed the sincerity of his be- Gaelic Bible, gave in the report, which lief in the great truths of the Gospel. was read. The translation of the Old The Rev. Doctor contrasted, in a strain Testament had been printed in quarto, of high and impassioned eloquence, the and that of the New Testament in ocvalue of these high testimonies in favour tavo ; a translation of the metrical ver. of Christianity, with the littleness of the sion of the Psalms had also been made. second-rate philosophers of the present The committee recommended, that this day, who affected to consider the study translation of the Scriptures should be of religion as beneath their notice. He used in all churches and chapels under did not like that part of the motion the authority of the Assembly. Copies which instructed the coinmittee to inquire of the work were laid on the table of the into the means of providing proper en House. dowments. This was not in good taste. The Assembly then proceeded to coss. It was too Scottish a method of going sider an appeal from certain inhabitants about the business. This the Rev. Doctor of the parish of Lasswade, against a deillustrated by the well-known anecdote of cision of the Presbytery of Dalkeith, re. the characteristic national replies to a ge. fusing permission to erect a-chapel of neral question, which excited much laugh. case at Roslin ; with a dissent from said ter in the House The Assembly should decision, by the Rev. Mr Ramsay, minis. come forward boldly and firmly with a de. ter of Ormiston. claration of their purpose and their princi. After parties had been heard, and the ple, and not ask, like the Scotsman in his members of Assembly had delivered their anecdote, " What wall your honours opinions, it was carried unanimously that the Assembly do sustain the appeal from to Mr Cunningham of Lainshaw, offer. the Presbytery of Dalkeith, and reverse ing to pay £.100 per annum for five the sentence: Find the circumstances of years, if that gentleman would give him the case are such as to render it expe. The presentation to the church and parish dient that the prayer of the petition of Stewarton. This letter Mr Cunningshould be granted, and a chapel-of-ease ham communicated to the Presbytery. erected at Roslin : Remit to the Presby. Principal Nicoll said, if there was any tery to proceed in the matter according thing about which the law of the Church to the act of Assembly relative to chapels was inore express than another, it was to of ease.
prevent simony. It was true, the crime 26.- The report of the committee on was not here completed, but the moral the Widows' Fund was made by Sir H. guilt was as great as in the actual com. Moncreiff, who stated, that an addition mission. That it was not committed, would this year be made to the annui. was not the fault of the appellant. He ties, but no farther addition could be therefore moved that the Assembly do made for fourteen years to come. With dismiss the appeal, and affirm the sen. respect to the additional emoluments to tence of the Synod. the officers of the fund, he said it was not Mr James Moncrieff seconded the of great consequence to him as an indi. motion, which, after some observations vidual, for in all probability he had but from the Solicitor General, was unani. little longer to live ; but the other officers mously approved of. were well entitled to an advance of salary, 28.-There was no business of importfor never were more meritorious indivi. ance, and the Assembly was diesolved in duals employed in any service than the the usual form. clerk of the trustees and the collector's 14.-Ball and Concert for the Relief clerk.
of the Distressed Manufacturers of Scot. The report of the committee for classe land. -A Ball and Concert was given in ing returns to overtures was called for, the Assembly Rooms, George Street, for when it appeared that a majority of the the benefit of the distressed manufactu. Presbyteries had approved of the first rers, which was attended by a fashionable overture for an alteration in the course party of nearly 400. The rooms were of Theological Study, and one half of the very neatly fitted up for the occasion. The Presbyteries agreed to both overtures. lobby was encircled with white, and
Dr Brunton, Convener of the Commit. edged with pink, and the columns were tee, stated that the result of the returns fluted with white, and wreathed with were, that 42 Presbyteries approved of pink, which had a pleasing effect. The the first overture, and 38 had returned in large room was appropriated for dancing, favour of the second. Therefore, he and the smaller rooms were very neatly should now move, that the first overture arranged for the concert and refreshments. do pass into a law, and that the second The company began to arrive about ten, be re-transmitted. By this overture and shortly afterwards dancing commen being passed into a law of the Church, it ced, which was kept up with much spi. would become imperative on every stu rit till nearly four o'clock, varying from dent of divinity to give one year of regu. quadrilles to waltzes and country dances. lar attendance at the Divinity Hall. So The sum collected was upwards of £.400. far from this alteration being injurious A mausoleum to the memory of the to students, who were afterwards to be late Professor Playfair has recently been come tutors, he thought quite the con- commenced on the Calton Hill, and is in trary would be the result; because, after rapid progress. The architecture is Grehaving attended one year, and he thought cian, after a design by Mr William Play. that should be their first year, they would fair, and the work is being executed in a be more able to undertake the duties of very superior manner, under Messrs the office. They would stand on a high. Smith and Culbertson. The situation is er grade in education, and, as they rose, at the south-east corner of the ObservaSO would their pupils also rise. He tory wall, and will be within the new enconcluded by moving, that the first over. closure. When completed, this monu. ture do now pass into a law, which was ment will be one of the most beautiful unanimously approved of.
architectural ornaments of our city. The Assembly then proceeded to hear A very interesting experiment has the appeal of Alexander Brown, preacher lately been conducted in the Armoury of of the Gospel, against a sentence of the the Tower of London, in which the most Synod of Glasgow and Ayr, affirming a intense light ever yet produced by art sentence of the Presbytery of Glasgow, was exbibited. It was excited by direct. depriving him of his licence for simonai. ing a jet of spirit lamp upon a piece of cal practices; he having written a letter lime, by the action of a stream of oxygen
gas. The light thus produced is calcu. esting detail of the mission to Russia. lated as being eighty times more intense He stated that, not withstanding all that than an equal area of light emitted by the had been said to the contrary, the Rus. combustion of an argand lamp. It is sian Government had not broken faith said to be visible at a distance of 120 with the Missionaries-for, by the law of miles.
that empire, it is a crime to proselytise 26.-Highland Schools._This even. any of its subjects. That this law, not. ing nearly 100 Gentlemen, who take a withstanding the despotic nature of the warm interest in the success of the Ge- Russian Government, the late Emperor neral Assembly's scheme in establishing could not alter, from the manner it was additional schools and catechists in the interwoven with the prejudices of the Highlands and Islands, met at supper in people and the priesthood. The Mis. M'Ewan's Rooms, Royal Exchange. sionaries were at first settled as colonists, Principal Baird in the chair, Dr Chalmers and subsequently the protection of the croupier. The Stewards appointed were Emperor was extended to them, not offiDrs. Nicol, M'Farlane, Thomson, Cook, cially, however, but merely as a private Rose, Rev. Mr MʻLeod of Campsie, So friend. From the account Dr Ross gave licitor-General, Sir John Connell, Sir of the Emperor's character, it appeared Henry Jardine, Sir A. M. M.Kenzie, that he had alike protected all sects, and James Moncrieff, Esq., and General would not permit any one to be persecuCampbell of Lochnell. A number of toasts ted for conscience sake ; nor during the were given and observations made, con. whole course of his reign, of twenty-four nected with the subject of the meeting ; years, did he perform one despotic act and on the suggestion of Principal Baird, that he ever heard of the whole course it was agreed that henceforward, every of the Emperor's policy being to merit year, on the return of every General As. the appellation of " father of his people." sembly, there should be held a meeting The Rev. Doctor, at considerable length, of an association friendly to the extension noticed the various tribes to whom the of schools and catechists among the help. Gospel had been sent by the Missionaries, less Highlanders, under the style and and in the course of his narrative related title of " The Assembly's Education some interesting anecdotes. The meetClub." The evening was passed in great ing was subsequently addressed by Mr J. conviviality, and amidst enthusiastic and Brydges, Mr Malan, and others. universal expressions of the best wishes June 1.-Public Meeting.-Thurs. to the great and good cause which had day, a general meeting of the mer. brought them together
chants, ship owners, and inhabitants 30.-Scottish Missionary Society of Leith, was held in the Exchange Cof, The anniversary meeting of the Scottish fee-room there, to receive the report of Missionary Society was held in the As the committee on the affairs of the har. sembly Rooms, George Street, Professor bour and docks--the Senior Magistrate M'Gill of Glasgow in the chair. Among in the chair. those present, were observed Mr Fergu- Bailie Hardie read the Report.-It was son of Woodhill; Mr Stirling of Con- very voluminous, and was received with tent; Mr George Ross, Advocate ; MrJ. much applause. In detailing the various Brydges, W.S. ; the Rev. Drs Campbell, steps which had been taken to obtain the Dickson, Gordon, Buchanan, Ross, Thom- act, which received the Royal assent on son, Peddie, and Muirhead; Reverend the 29th ult., a high compliment was paid Messrs Malan, Grey, Ritchie, Haldane, by the committee to the gentlemanly and Innes, &c. &c. The report of the Di. patient manner in which the discussions rectors was read by Dr Dickson, one of were carried on by the Lord Provost and the secretaries. It gave a very flattering Bailie Gilchrist, who went to London as account of the progress in teaching of a sub-committee on the part of the city youth, made by the two Missionaries of of Edinburgh. The zealous and disin. the Society in the East Indies; and ofterested exertions of Messrs Scarth and the very great hores entertained of much Crichton, who attended to the interests good being done in Jamaica, where of the inhabitants of Leith, were also preachers, in connexion. with the Presby noticed. The Report stated, that the terian Church, are and will be generally public bill of last Session, and the private well received. The planters, many of one referred to above, are so completely whom are Scotsmen, being partial to mi connected with each other, that they are nisters of that connection. In Russia, in fact only two parts of the same meathe Society either has, or is about to give sure. The result of these gives a clear up the Missionary stations formerly occu view of the affairs of the Port of Leith, pied, the Rev. Dr. Ross, in moving as follows: that the Report be printed, gave an inter " 1. The amount of the debt on the VOL XVII.
docks is reduced, as agreed to by the incorporated trades of Leith, and one by City of Edinburgh, in the last amended the ship-owners' society of Leith, and state of the Dock Company's Bill, to three persons to be named from time to £.265,000.
time by the Lords Commissioners of the " 2. In consideration of a part of the Admiralty, in all 21." Inner Wet Dock, and a space of ground The Report, after pointing out the ad. adjoining, being given up to the Commis. vantages to be derived from the harbour, sioners of his Majesty's navy, for the use when improved by the expenditure of of the naval service, Government have £.47,000, without any addition to the given a loan to the amount of £.265,000, burdens of the trade of the port--the at the rate of 3 per cent. per annum on a prospect of its becoming a naval station sipking fund equal to one per cent per of greater importance than was before annum, for the first twelve years, and 2 contemplated-besides being made accesper cent. thereafter, being accumulated sible to steam and passage-boats at all for the extinction of the debt. The Go times of the tide and noticing the plans vernment debt being paid off, the docks of Mr Crichton, suggested in a letter to revert to the City of Edinburgh. to Lord Melville, in October 1824, (which
" 3. The City of Edinburgh bave is already before the public) regarding the entered into an agreement, to expend improvement of the harbour, concludes out of their shore-dues £.2800 on the by stating, extension of the eastern pier, while Go. " That while the committee give every vernment proposes to expend £.19,000 due credit to Mr Crichton, as the pro. on the extension of the western pier, so poser of the plan which has been instru. as to form, at the same time, a commu- mental in bringing about so much good, nication to the naval-yard, and so effect they feel at a loss how to adequately ex. the improvement of the harbour.
press their feelings as to the conduct of 64. Commissioners are appointed for the excellent Nobleman to whom the letsuperintending and managing the affairs ter was addressed, without whose quick of the harbours and docks, and improve discrimination of the merits of those ments therewith, excepting only that they plans contained in its might, like many shall not interfere in the collection of the others suggested by persons without rank revenue, and that they shall not have the or influence, have passed upnoticed. By power of expending more than £.1000 per the excellent arrangements which occur. annum on the harbour, and a like sum red to Lord Melville, for carrying through on the docks, without the consent of the these plans, on the Dock Company's Town Council of Edinburgh. They are Bill being thrown out, it is difficult to also to have the charge of the ballast de. say whether his Lordship has conferred partment, and to have the power of con the greater benefit on the public service structing timber basins on the eastern on the City of Edinburgh, or on the Port of sands. They are also to have the ap- Leith. All have been mutually benefit. pointment of a superintendent, and alled to an extent beyond the most sanguine the other officers to be employed under expectations, and his Lordship, along them; such appointments, however, with the Honourable J. Abercromby, being subject to the approval of the Town in settling the points at issue between the Council, with the exception of the clerk Town Council and the Leith Committee, who keeps their minutes, who is to be has taken such extraordinary pains to inappointed by the Council, but to be sub vestigate matters to arrive at a just deci. ject to suspension by commissioners. sion, that even on those one or two points
" 5. The commissioners are to consist on which he may have not gone the full of the Lord Provost, and five other mem. length of the wishes of this committee, bers of the Town Council, the Master of they have felt it due to his Lordship to the Merchant Company of Edinburgh, admit the great strength of the arguments three persons elected by the Trinity which have been adopted by him." House of Leith, three to be elected by the A series of resolutions were moved by Merchant Company of Leith, two mer. Mr George Aitchison, and unanimously chants in Edinburgh, who shall be payers adopted. The thanks of the meeting of rates at the port of Leith to the extent were afterwards given to the members of of £.5 per annum, and not being mem the committee, for the zealous and effibers of the Town Council, nor being con- cient manner in which they had dischar. nected therewith, or dependent thereon, ged the important trust committed to to be named by the Magistrates and them, and the meeting separated. Council of Edinburgh; three merchants New Machine.-In a late sitting of or shipowners of Leith, being payers of the French Philomathic Society, M. rates to the extent of £.25 per annum, Payen, who had recently arrived in Paris one of which to be elected by the incor- from London, made a very interesting poration of maltmen of Leith, one by the communication with respect to a new