Зображення сторінки
PDF
ePub

year 1745, there had never had been such - but then, he hoped that the Scotch a combustion-(hear, hear !)-raised in gentlemen would allow, that what brought that country, as had arisen when Minis. danger to England was a matter of some ters signified their intention of meddling importance to English gentlemen. Scotwith its banks. Nothing could exceed land, in fact, was in no respect what the firmness with which the Scotch mem. Scotland was thirty years ago The sysbers had supported the new system, tem of the Scotch Banks was different until they found it approaching their own from that of the English ; but it was one doors: but then, had the House been at. part of Lord Liverpool's scheme to assi. tacking all the rights of Scotland in one milate them as much as possible. Was single measure, the cry of alarm-the Scotland alone to set up for an exclusive call to resistance-could not have been system? Was a gentleman in Scotland, greater. The effect of the first demon. with £.20,000 a-year, to enjoy the adstration was magical such as he (Mr vantage of a cash-credit, while another Tierney) had no powers of eloquence system was to prevail in England, which equal to describe. Why was it that we would not permit it. He could not but had no inquiry in England that we had augur, when the report came to be perbeen so sure as to be able to run before used, the temper of the country in favour the law, not lag behind it? The plain of a gold currency, might change to one truth was, that the tried prudence--the in favour of paper. Why, he asked, approved integrity of our Scottish neigh. were not the English baukers examined bourg-in impeachment of which pru. as well as the Scotch ?--for it conld only dence or punctuality, far be it from him be by such means that the merits or des (Mr Tierney) to say one syllable--that merits of both systems of banking could these great qualities shed such a degree be fairly ascertained. He had no motion of sanctity over all their arrangements, with which to trouble the House, and that the least of them could not be med. he begged to say, that he had every redled with without deep inquiry ; while in spect and regard, personally, for the NoEngland, without any inquiry at all, but bie Earl (Liverpool), but he wished he by the mere strong arm of the law, had possessed better nerves, and bad inand almost by the strong arm without it, dulged in less flash-(Hear, hear, hear!) we put a change into instant operation, Mr Secretary Peel complained of this which, the fact could not be denied, had very irregular mode of proceeding, the been felt from one extremity of the king- report not yet being printed, and consedom to the other; for there could be no quently, not in the hands of Members. question that the first part of the late Mr Abercromby observed, thai che solimeasures had been hastily brought about. dity of the Scotch Banks, in consequence Scotland was not now what she formerly of the great number of partners in them, was- Hear, hear.) When she was was a reason why, above all others, they poor, it might be proper to connive at it, ought to be put under restraint as to the because every assistance was of great im. issue of their notes. portance ; but now this was not the case ; After some remarks from Mr Ellice, he knew of no country which had made Mr Guerney, and Mr Grant, the report such advances in wealth and general was received. prosperity (and he said it with much 89- 31.Parliament was prorogued this tisfaction, for the prosperity of Scotland day till 14th July, pro format It kas was a part of the prosperity of England) dissolved on the succeeding day.

BRITISH CHRONICLE.

MAY.

no appearance of a termination to them. Arbroath 10.-Trade has almost de. It is somewhat curious, that while wea. serted our town. Some weighty failures, ving is in so depressed a state here, and in the end of last week and beginning of still getting inore so, wages should be this, have spread dismay among all clas. improving in Forfar. ses. A great quantity of labourers, in 12.The question between the King's consequence, are out of employment." Printers and the Bible Suciety, as to the

Dundee. Our commercial horizon, right of printing or importing from Eng. gloomy and dark already, has beeome land copies of the Sacred Scriptures, more so by the effect of some ad. Psalm-Books, Confession of Faith, Ca. ditional failures, which are threatening techisms, larger and shorter, and Books to be too common; when they will end, of Common-Prayer, was decided, this Ilearen knows ; but at, present there is day, by the First Division of the Court

8000 persons.

of Session. The Lord President, Lords Forbes, the Lord President, the Lord Hermand, Craigie, and 'Balgray, were Justice Clerk, Baron Clerk Rattray, Lords unanimously of opinion, that the right Pitmilly, Alloway, and Medwyn, the of the King to print the Scriptures, and Solicitor-General, Sir William Forbes, consequently the power of delegating Sir John Hay, Sir John Hope, &c. that right, belonged to him as the civil The Lord Provost was called to the magistrate the natural guardian of the Chair, and addressed the meeting at conreligion of the State. Lord Gillies had siderable length. The Solicitor.General some doubts as to the privileges of the proposed the resolutions, which were seKing to print the Bible as an exclusive conded by Lord Forbes, and unanimousright in Scotland. The interdict for ly agreed to. inerly granted is therefore continued, Mr Solicitor-General read two letters, except in so far as regards Books of Com. one from Arbroath, and the other from mon-Prayer, which the counsel for the Paisley. The former stated that there King's printers passed from.

were 2243 out of employment at present, HIGH COURT OF JUSTICICARY. and in the course of three weeks, 1835 15.–This day, the court met for the first would be discharged. In Paisley, it was time after the Circuits, when the whole understood that there were 2000 familjes of their Lordships were present. Three out of work, which might amount to prisoners, in certified cases from Circuit Courts, were placed at the bar, viz. Dun. Subscription papers were handed round can Clark, accused of the murder of his the room, and upwards of £.1500 subillegitionate child, certified from Perth, scribed. - The Lord Provost announced and James Reid and Margaret Sherriffs, that the Earl of Moray had sent him a for housebreaking and theft, certified note, authorising his name 10, be put from Aberdeen.

down for £.100.-(Applause) The objection to the relevancy of the The meeting then broke up. indictment in the case of Clark was ar. 17.-General Assembly. This evengued by Mr Smythe, on the ground that ing, according to ancient custom, the Lord he found that part of the indictment Provost and Magistrates waited upon the served on the prisoner at the bar-parti- Right Honourable James Lord Forbes, cularly that part descriptive of the locus his Majesty's High Commissioner to the delictimwas written on an erasure ; and General Assembly of the Church of Scoton comparing this with the document on land, at the Royal Hotel, and presented the. Porteous Roll, of which it should his Grace with the keys of the City., have been a literal copy, the part alluded On the following day his Grace proto was totally different. The Learned ceeded, under an escort of the 7th Hussars, Gentleman at some length contended for to the Merchants' Hall, where he arrived the sufficiency of the objection, but, after at half-past eleven, and held his levee, a few observations from Mr Alison, which was numerously attended. their Lordships repelled it. The diet At twelve o'clock his Grace walked in was deserted pro loco et tempore, and the procession to the High Church, supported prisoner was recommitted. Yi

by the Marquis of Tweedale and the The objection in the case of Reid and Earl of Moray, and accompanied by a Sherriffs was stated by Mr Cosmo Innes ; great number of noblemen and gentlemen, it was founded on the inventory of stolen forming the nost splendid cortege that property accompanying the criminal let. has been seen for some years. ters not having been signed by the clerk The Reverend Dr Cook of Laurence. of Court, but by the Advocate-Depute. kirk, the Moderator, preached an eloquent After hearing Mr Alison and the Solici. and impressive sermon from Romans iv. tor.General against the objection, and 25. After divine service, the Moderator Mr Menzies in reply, the Court ordered and members of Assembly proceeded to a Report of what had been the practice the Aisle, where the Lord High Comto be given in, and in the mean time, the missioner took his seat on the throne, and diet to be continued against the prisoners. the Assembly having been constituted, -The Court then adjourned.

The Moderator stated, that the AsPublic Meeting.–17. This day, a sembly had now, according to custom, highly respectable meeting of the inha- to appoint a successor to him in the chair bitants was held in the Assembly, Rooms, which he then filled, and to which ho. George Street, agreeable to a notice from nour he proposed that Dr Thomas Tay. the Magistrates, for the purpose of sube lor, minister of Tibbermuir, be elected. scribing for the relief of the present dis. This motion having been seconded by tress under which the manufacturers in Principal Nicoll, was unanimously agreed various parts of the country are suffering to; whereupon Dr Taylor was called in, Among those present wc observed Lord and his election intimated to him,

1

Dr Taylor having taken the chair, his be selected from all the Presbyteries of Majesty's commission was then read, and the Church, to hold its meetings in Edin. ordered to be recorded, as was always the burgh, for the direction and management Royal letter.

of all the concerns of the proposed esHis Grace the Commissioner then ade tablishment. dressed the Assembly, in course of which 20.-Dr Baird produced and read the he aptly alluded to the successful efforts report of the committee on the means of of the committee of last Assembly on the increasing education in Scotland, than subject of education in the Highlands which a more important report had never and Islands, towards which object the been communicated to the Assembly. now presented his Majesty's warrant for The Reverend Principal first alluded to £.2000.

the voluminous documents referred to in The Moderator replied to his Grace's the report; the first of which consisted address.

of the four large folio volumes then on 'A letter from Dr Macknight, sub. the table of the Assembly. In these four clerk of the Assembly, was produced and volumes were embodied the hand-writing read, intimating that the state of his health of every minister of the Church of Scot. put it out of his power to appear at this land, and they contained returns in reAssembly, and throwing himself upon gard to the state of education in every the indulgence of the House, that they parish in Scotland. Another volume might appoint a person to supply his place which he presented contained the subin the present Assembly. A keen discus: stance of all these returng in a tabular sion then arose, whether a clerk should form ; in it there were not less than 58 be appointed pro tempore, or whether the columns, and 47,000 separate entries. appointment should be permanent. The Having also given in the minote-book, House divided on the subject, when letter-book, &c. of the committee, the there appeared in favour of the first pro- reverend Principal proceeded to read the position 66_of the second 134. Ma- report, from which it appeared that rejority for 'making the appointment pere turns had been made from every parish manent, 68.

in Scotland, comprising a population of Dr Nicoll then moved that Dr Lee be 2,903,850 ; that collections had been appointed sub-clerk conjointly with Dr made in 420 parishes, averaging Macknight, which was seconded by the £.11.11w6d." each, making a total of Solicitor General, and unanimously agreed £.486316w3d., besides donations amount

ing to £.448#12s.6d., and £.78 of an19.-The Assembly met. The draft nual subscriptions. Prom these, together of the answer to his Majesty's letter was with interest, and several sums intimated, read and approved of, and the Moderator but not yet paid, they might reckon on a authorised to sign it in name of the As. fund of £.5800. The first school had sembly; and his Grace was requested to been established at Ullapool, in the parish transmit the same to his Majesty. of Lochbroom, a parish 58 miles in

Some extracts from the records of the length by 38 in breadth, and the whole proceedings of the Trustees of the Wi. number of stations where the committee dows" Fund were read, from which it at the present date had agreed to establish appeared, that the collector of that fund schools, amoanted to 42. There were is in future to receive £.200 per annum other applications for schools before the of salary, his clerk £100, and the clerk committee, but these, as they had been to the trastee a similar sum. Principal more recently presented, had not yet Nicoll, after paying a compliment to the been sufficiently considered by the com dfligence and zeal of Sir Henry Moncreiff, mittee. The report concluded with conwho had not, he said, been in any way gratulating the Assembly on its success. instrumental in procuring the necessary Dr Nicoll warmly complimented the increase of salary, moved that the con. zeal and diligence of the committee, but duct of the Trustees be approved of. particularly of its convener, Principal

The report of the Committee for the Baird, who took the opportunity of euloPropagation of the Gospel in Foreign gizing the conduct of his colleagues. Parts was given in and read, from which The Assembly proceeded to the conit appeared, that the Directors of the sideration of the overtures on smal East India Company have given all the livings of the Church ; and, after some pledge that could be expected of theth, or discussion, a committee was appointed, is usually given in such cases. 'Dr Inglis with instructions to report to a subase received the thanks of the Assembly for quent meeting of this Assembly.::. his exertions in this cause ; and it was The Assembly next took up the re subsequently agreed that the General ference from the Synod of Angus und Assembly shall appoint a committee, to Mearns, relative to the profanation of the

to.

Sabbath. It particularly complained of that the Presbytery got from Mr M‘Leod the conduct of the fishermen, in exercise a statement that there were 47 children, ing their calling on the Sabbath, at all under three years (of age, vnbaptized in hours.

the parish, and that for the two years After some discussion, it was agreed and a half that he had been incumbent, to print the statute anent the violation of he had only baptised seven. The Pres the Sabbath separately, and circulate bytery then resolved on a Presbyterial visiit throughout the Church, with a general tation, when the elders and heads of recommendation to enforce the law re- families were called before them. At a lative to the profanation of the Sabbath. forenoon meeting of Presbytery, four per

22.-The Procurator for the Church sons having children to be baptized were proceeded to make his report on the examined—three of whom were found state of the funds of the Church, from entitled to have the ordinance adminis. which it appeared, that the debts due tered, and one unfit. Two of whom when he last made report, amounted to had their children instantly baptized, but £ 1350. By the subscriptions of Mini- one man's (R. Shaw) child, Mr Möl.eod sters, it was reduced to £.1231.16.6d. positively refused to baptize, because By the votes of the House, however, of Shaw had been impertinent, and also belast year, the Church was pledged for an cause he was not a regular attender of additional debt of £.620. The contribu. the ordinances of religion. In this re. tion of the lay members last year amount- fusal the Presbytery acquiesced for the ed to £.450, but, notwithstanding that time. At the Presbyterial examination, large sum, the Church was either indebt. Mr M'Leod still refused to baptize ed, or pledged for £,1467.

Shaw's child, in consequence of which The Assembly then called for the refusal, the Presbytery suspended Mr overture from the Synod of Dumfries, M‘Leod until be should agree to baptize anent clandestine marriages.

the child; but the Moderator was auReverend Mr D. Wrighat appeared in thorised, should Mr M'Leod comply, to support of the overture. The evil, he call a pro re nata meeting, and remove said, had long been permitted to exist this sentence of suspension. Against this within the bounds of the Synod of Dum- sentence Mr M.Leod of Snizort dissented, fries. He did not wish it to be under and appealed. stood that they had come to the Assembiy After parties had been heard, and without trying what could be effected by several Members of Court had delivered regulations ; but no regulations nor co- their opinions, Dr Nicoll, on the ground operations on the part of the Presbytery that, if subordination was not adhered to, could be effective, unless the conduct and every Minister might set up an indepractice of the Magistrates were also re- pendent congregation of his own, moved, gulated. The conduct of these func. in effect, that the sentence appealed from tionaries, he trusted, he would be able to should be affirmed. show were quite contrary to the statute. . Dr M'Gill considered it rash to judge law of the land. To put an end to such of the conduct of a Minister who had reevils, so destructive to the virtue, happi- fused to baptize a child, without weigh. ness, and well-being of society, must be ing well all the motives on which his rethe wish of all who valued the interests fusal might be grounded. He moved of piety and morality ; and to do so, no that the sentence of the Presbytery of new laws were necessary, but only to put Skye should be reversed. in force those already in existence. He The vote being now loudly called for, concluded by moving, that a committee the House divided, when there appeared, be appointed to consider of the best for Principal Nicoll's- motion, 108-for means of putting down the evil com. Dr M‘Gill's, 73_majority, 35. plained of, and to report. After several 23.–The Assembly met at 11 o'clock, members of Assembly had delivered their but it being understood that the question opinions, a committee was appointed to on the union of offices was to come on, report.

the gallery appropriated to strangers was The Asssembly next proceeded to con. filled soon after 9 o'clock, and, by the sider the petition and appeal of the Rev. time of meeting, the House was crowded Malcolm M'Leod, minister of Snizort, in every part. There were a number of against the sentence of the Presbytery of ladies on each side of the throne, and in Skye, suspending the Rev. Roderick the gallery. M'Leod, minister of Bracadale, for contu- Overtures against the union of profes. macy

sorships, or other offices, with parochial The minutes of Presbytery were read, charges, were read from the Synod of detailing the various proceedings which Fife, the Presbyteries of Glasgow, Kirk. had taken place, from which it appeared, cudbright, frvine, Paisley, Dunblane, Fordyce, Turrift, Tain, Tongue, and For. think, that, under proper arrangement, far ; the Synod of Sutherland and Caith. it is desirable that the union of offices and ness; the Presbyteries of Dornoch and benefices sbould be abolished ; not that I Russ: the Synod of Perth and Stirling; think that the ordinary duties of both and the Presbytery of Stirling.

may not be thoroughly performed, but Mr Marshall of Glasgow then proceed. because we should thus bring back the ed to state his reasons why he consider. Church to its original state, because the ed that the holding of pluralities was de duties of one situation are quite sufficient trimental to the interests of religion and for the talents and active powers of the education, and concluded a speech of con. great part of mankind, because the office siderable length and ability, by moving, of a minister or professor has a full ciaim

* That the General Assembly, having upon the individual who holds it for the considered the overtures relative to the full exercise of his intellectual powers, union of the office of a parochial minis. and because, were adequate emoluments ter with that of Principal or Professor in attached to it, greater encouragement any of the Universities of Scotland, and would be given to literature and theology being deeply convinced that such unions than exists under the present system. I are injurious to the interests of religion, am for appointing a committee of ineducation, and learning, and contrary to quiry. We shall thus know on what the spirit

of our ecclesiastical constitution, ground we stand, and so legislate as to resolve, That a committee be appointed prevent the danger of evil. This mode to prepare an overture to be transmitted of proceeding should, I think, be acceptto the Presbyteries of this Church, for able to all, both to the supporters and preventing such unions of these offices in opposers of pluralities. The Reverend future, in all cases not already provided Doctor concluded with the following for by the act of Assembly 1817, and to motion :report to this Assembly; and farther, in “ The General Assembly having con. respect that some of the theological pro sidered the overtures on the table, find, fessorships are not at present sufficiently that it is not expedient, under existing provided for, the General Assembly re. circumstances, to transmit to Presbyteries solve to appoint a committee to take all an overture for abolishing the union of such cases into consideration, with in offices in Universities with parochial structions to make all necessary inquiries, charges, where the law of residence is and to adopt all measures that may be not violated ; but appoint a Committee deemed expedient, with the view of ob to inquire and ascertain whether adequate taining some means, or security for the endowments for theological professorships adequate endowment of these offices, and could be obtained, and wbat effect the to report to next Assembly."

universal abolition of pluralities would Mr Douglas Cheape, advocate, spoke produce on the connexion between the against the overtures.

Church and the Universities of Scotland." Principal Nicoll proposed that the fol. The Lord President could not refrain lowing motion be adopted :" That the from expressing his most unqualified as. General Assembly, having maturely de. tonishment, that the Clergy of any Establiberated on the subject of these overtures, lished Church, and especially of the Church judge it inexpedient to transmit any of Scotland, should endeavour, utterly overture upon the subject to the several and for ever to disqualify themselves Presbyteries of this Church,”,

from holding the office of Professors in Dr Cook assumed it as a fact, about the Universities of Scotland. For his which no man acquainted with the his. own part, he would wish to behold, not tory of the Church can have any doubt, only the theological and philosophical that our Scottish Reformers did not con- chairs, but every chair in the University template, under their ecclesiastical polity, filled by Ministers of the Gospel ; and so the union of benefices with offices in Uni. impressed was he with a sense of the im. versities. Yet they acted with respect to portance of the proper education and inthis in a different manner from what they struction of youth, that he would rejoice, did as to other unions. They passed laws if possible, to see those of law and mediagainst the union of benefices with cure cine filled by such men, He would yote of souls, against non-residence, and against for the motion of the Learned Doctor the junction of offices properly secular, (Cook), if that was the general sense of with parochial charges, but they passed the House ; but he would rather vote no law against the union of benefices with for the motion of the reverend Principal situations in Universities. So far, indeed, (Dr Nicoll) that they should dismiss this from this, they often indirectly and die overture. (Heur, hcar, aud applause.) rectly sanctioned such union. I perfecta Dr M Gill combated at considerable ly agree, continued he, with those who length the doctrine that the union of offis

« НазадПродовжити »