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cap. 60.

measure was to extend relief to the dise these unfortunate selections. A bill to tricts in which there was so much dis. remove the attaint generally might have tress. It was, therefore, the intention of been adopted. He might stand alone in Government to propose a bill to enable his opinions, but he was not ashamed of the quantity of corn accumulated to come them. into consumption. The Right Honour. INTRODUCTION OF FOREIGN CORX. able Gentleman concluded by moving, Mr Secretary Canning moved that the that the House should to-morrow resolve House resolve itself into a committee on itself into a committee on the Act of the the Corn Act, pursuant to his notice of 3d of Geo. IV.

yesterday. Mr Tierney expressed his approbation Sir T. Lethbridge said, it was with of this measure. Mr Phillips observed, considera ble reluctance that he rose to that the people also wanted the means to throw any obstruction in the way of this buy corn; the Corn Laws ought to be set motion. He felt for the country; but he at rest. Mr Canning remarked, that he must oppose this proposition, to afford a had no intention to revive the question of remedy, even though he might expose the Corn Laws. Mr Ellice asked, himself to the jibes of some, or to the whether the Government had any other sterner denunciation of the noble member measures to propose ; if not, he should for Yorkshire, Lord Milton. He com advert to the subject on Thursday, on the miserated the condition of the manufac. motion regarding the state of the nation. turers, but the relief now offered would Mr Canning observed, that he should not not be a cure. Why was not a vote in now promote farther discussion. Mr aid of the poor required ?--that would Wodehouse thought they ought to set the be a more rational course. The Honour. Corn Laws question at rest.

able Member concluded by moving an The Chancellor of the Exchequer spoke amendment, “ That a select committee of the great exertions that had already be appointed to inquire into the causes been made, but trusted, that in a time of of distress in the manufacturing districts." such difficulty, the rich would not be -(Hear hear.) backward with munificent donations. Mr Bennet seconded the amendment. Mr Secretary Peel spoke to the like Mr Canning said, there now existed in effect, and said that the accounts he re- this country a large quantity of corn, ceived were of the most distressing cha. which had been imported under the Corn racter ; but while he was determined to Laws as they now stood, and, according perform his duty, painful as it was, he to these laws, such corn could not come could not but express the hope that those into the market. The persons distressed who had the means would be prompt were actually in the sight of those grato supply aid. Mr Robinson made naries in which such corn was hoarded. some remarks, after which the conver. They conceived that a grinding oppression sation dropped.

diverted that corn from supplying their 2... The Leith Docks' Bill was read a necessities. It became a merely moral third time and passed. Mr Abercromby consideration, in such a view of the case, presented a petition from Alloa for the whether it was not wise to administer abolition of slavery. Mr Downie pre, that relief which could be supplied at 80 sented a similar petition from Pathhead, small a cost to those who conceived that in the county of Edinburgh.

they might be injured by the admission SCOTCH PEERAGES.

of foreign corn. The Government, conMr Secretary Peel moved the first tinued the Right Honourable Secretary, reading of the bills to restore certain required a power to admit foreign corn Scotch peerages, and he hoped they under circumstances of pressure which would be allowed to pass through their could not be measured by any previous several stages in one day.

views which might be taken on the subLord Milton said, he had, with con. ject. Of all boons that Parliament could siderable regret, to oppose these bills; confer on the administration, such a dis. he thought they ought not to be support. cretionary power would be the last for ed by that House. If there were a ge. which they would ask. He thought that, neral bill, it would be a different matter; if the difficulties of the country were not but these selections were unfortunate- met, it might be impossible to maintain to restore titles that had been attainted the present state of the Corn Laws. for standing in rebellion against the con. A debate of considerable length ensued, stitution as established at the Revolution, in which the proposed measures of Mio and desiring to bring back a monarch nisters were defended by Mr. Whitmore, who had been rejected for tyranny and Mr Philips, and Mr Huskisson ; and op: oppression; the individuals might be posed by Mr Bankes, Mr Robertson, worthy of peerages, but he objected to Colonel Wood, Mr Calcraft, Lord John Rassel, and Mr J. Williams, some on the mitous situation of the country, and that ground that it was getting rid of the he would be graciously pleased to direct Corn Laws by a side-wind, and others as an inquiry into the causes which had not affording an immediate and effectual produced such wide-spreading distress, relief to the manufacturers. Sir T. and to ascertain the best means of re. Lethbridge's amendment was negatived lieving the country from its embarrassby 214 to 82, and the House went into a ments." committee. A long discussion again en- The Chancellor of the Exchequer sued. The first resolution viz., " That proceeded to refute many of the stateall foreign corn, meal, four, &c. in bond ments of the Honourable Member for on the second of May, should be admit. Aberdeen, and defended himself and his ted into consumption, on payment of the Majesty's Government from the charge following duties, wheat 125., rye, beans, of illiberal motives ; at the same time &c. 8s. and 6s., oats 4s., meal and flour maintaining that Ministers had not pro3s. and 3d. the quarter," was agreed to. posed any expense but what was abso

The second resolution was read, viz. lutely necessary. He should not consent “ That it is the opinion of this com. to the address moved by the Honourable mitee, that it is expedient to empower Member. Mr Brougham supported the his Majesty to permit, under certain motion of his Honourable Friend, whose limitations, and for a time limited, the object was to induce Parliament not to importation of foreign corn, subject to draw from the public one shilling more the above duties.” Lord Milton moved than was necessary, so that the burthens that the chairman report progress, and of the people might be effectually reask leave to sit again. This motion was lieved. Mr Robertson (amid cries of negatived by 109 to 60, but a farther de. Question) rose to move an adjournment, bate took place on the resolution, and which was seconded by Mr Alderman ultimately it was agreed to report pro. Heygate. gress, and leave was given for the com- The motion of adjournment was nemittee to sit again on Thursday. Ad- gatived without a division. The House journed.

then divided, when there appeared for STATE OF THE NATION.

the motion, 51 ; against it, 152-mi. 4.Mr Hume rose to bring forward jority, 101.-Adjourned. the motion of which he had given notice 5.- The Glasgow Saltmarket Bill was two months since; and in doing so, he read a third time and passed. would not interfere with the measures of

CORN LAWS. Government, as their acts, with the ex. Mr Secretary Canning moved that the ception of those which regarded the ex- House go into a committee on the Corn penditure of the country, were such as Act, with the view to resume the congave him pleasure, and, as such, he had sideration of the Ministers' second propooften voted with them. The situation of sition. the country, however, now called im. Mr Calcraft trusted that the House peratively for inquiry. Some impnted would give its most stubborn opposition the present distresses to the state of the to the second proposition.(Hear.)–He currency, some to the Corn Laws, and could compromise no longer; he was others assigned other causes ; but for his prepared to go into a full discussion of the part, he was satisfied they arose solely Corn Laws, but he was against any er. from extravagant taxation. The Ho. pedient. nourable Member then went into a detail Sir C. Knatchbull spoke to the like efof various items, to show the futility of fect, and said they were called on to le. the sinking fund, and the fallacious gislate without adequate information. statement of the Chancellor of the Exche- The House resolved itself into a comquer, who had told the public, that mittee on the act. twenty-seven millions of taxes had been Mr Canning again moved his second taken off

, when it must be seen, that, by proposition. He was disposed to give up altering the standard, and attempting to all limitation as to price and duty, and to restore us to a metallic currency, there fix the limitation on quantity only; and was nearly the same sum paid now into that the quantity should be limited to the Treasury that there had been on the half the quantity imported in the largest average in former years, antecedent to year of importation, which would make the arrangements in our finance, which the whole amount to 500,000 quarters, took place upon the cessation of hostili. exclusive of the quantity now in bond; ties in 1815. He should conclude by the importation not to continue more moving, “ That an humble address be than two months, and to be subject to presented to his Majesty, praying him to duty as fixed by the King and Council, take into consideration the present cala- not exceeding the highest duty now pay.

able, nor being less than the lowest. Mr brought forward the measures now before C. Wilson gave his most cordial support them. Mr Baring opposed the measure, to the proposition. Sir T. Lethbridge on the ground that the whole question of thought no case was made out to justify the Corn Laws ought to be discussed and the apprehension of a scarcity of corn. settled. Mr Whitmore also urged the Mr Portman thought the present distress propriety of opening the general ques. did not arise in any degree from a scarcity tion, and settling it. Mr Huskisson of corn, but from a want of employment ably defended the measure. Sir E. and credit. Mr Sumner said, he was Knatchbull opposed the measure, as ini. confident there was a sufficient supply of mical to the interests of agriculture. Mr corn in the country to prevent scarcity. Canning defended the measure at some Mr Peel said, there was no inconsistency length, and said that it was intended for in proposing to Parliament to arm Go. the good of the landed interest, and that, vernment with a power to admit a limited if he were called on to name the present quantity of corn, in case there was reason bill, he would call it a bill for the proto apprehend a scarcity. It was a delu- tection of the landed interest. Lord Mile sion to suppose that corn was admissible ton was of opinion, that the present into this country when it became 80s. measure was not calculated to meet the a-quarter. The fact was, that there existing exigency, and hoped that Minismust be a long run of averages at that ters had some other measure in view, in price, but, in the mean time, corn might case they should be defeated in the one actually rise to 100s. or 120s. (Hear! which was now before Parliament. hear!) As a friend to the agricultural On the Speaker putting the question, interest, he must deprecate the rejection that the resolutions (contained in the reof the measure. The gallery was cleared port) be read a second time, Mr Baring for a division, but none took place, the moved, as an amendment, that the resomotion having been agreed to by an lutions be re-committed. On this amend. immense majority. On the motion of ment being put, Lord Milton rose to Mr Peel, the Aliens Bill was read a third second it, and observed, that the present time, and passed. The Gardens and time would be as good for settling the Hot-Houses Bill was also read a third general question as any other. Mr Cantime, and passed.

ning said, that the amendment would go BRAYCH BANKS.

to engage the House in a revision of the 8. In answer to a question by Mr whole question of the Corn Laws, and be Grenfell, the Chancellor of the Exchequer hoped he had already shown satisfactoristated, that the Bank of England has un- ly, that the present would be a most in. der consideration the best means of estab. convenient time for such a discussion. lishing Branch Banks throughout the The gallery was again cleared, and the kingdom.

House divided, when there appeared CORN LAWS BILL.

For the amendment, 51-against it, 167, The Chancellor of the Exchequer mov. -majority in favour of the resolutions, ed that the report on the Corn Act be re. 116. The report was then agreed to. ceived. Mr Calcraft, Mr Bankes, Mr The Bank of Scotland Bill was read a Jones, and some other members, confess. second time, and ordered to be re-comed that they had been in some degree re- mitted to-morrow. conciled to the measure by the arguments 9.-Mr W. Dundas presented a peti. they had heard, and still more by the tion from proprietors of West-India promodifications it had undergone, but de- perty resident in Edinburgh, complaining clined pledging themselves to support it. that their property would be deteriorated, Lord Belgrave and Mr Holme Sumner if the contemplated measures were car. opposed the motion, as injurivus to the ried into effect, and praying for proteclanded interest. Mr Stanley supported tion. it, as necessary to save the unemployed The Banks in Scotland (Copartner. manufacturers from famine. Mr Frank. ships) Bill went through a committee. land Lewis, Mr Irving, Mr J. Smith, Report received, and ordered to be taken and Mr C. Wilson, also supported the into farther consideration to-morrow. motion. Colonel Wood thought the

CORN BILL. House ought to show every wish to re- On the order of the day being read for lieve the sufferings of the manufacturers. the second reading of the Warehousing Sir M. W. Ridley voted for bringing up Corn Bill, Mr H. Sumner moved an the report. Mr J. Smith thought Minis. amendment, that the question be ad. ters would have incurred a most heavy journed. Mr Canning was against the responsibility, if, in the present circum. amendment. The House then divided. stances of the country, they had not for the motion, 174.For the ad.


journment, 2.-Majority for the motion, be an importation duty of 208. Tłe 172. The Bill was read a second time, Chancellor of the Exchequer said, no and ordered to be committed to-morrow. proposition on the subject could be made

11.--Mr Hume, in moving to bring in this stage of the bill. The several in a Bill to render lawful the exportation clauses were then agreed to, the House reof machinery, but which he afterwards sumed, and the report was ordered to be withdrew, said, if he had the honour of taken into consideration on Wednesday. a seat in that House in the next Parlia. On the motion, that the report on the ment, he should take the earliest oppor. Warehoused Corn Bill be received, Mr tunity to introduce the subject to the at. Bennet (Wilts) moved, as an amendment, tention of the House.

that the Bill be referred back to the com.

mittee on the Corn Laws' Act, for the Upon the motion for the second readpurpose of raising the duty from 12s. to ing of the Foreign Corn linportation 178.--the difference of duty to be applied Bill, Sir T. Lethbridge repeated his for. to the distressed manufacturers. Mr mer arguments, against a measure which Portman seconded the amendment. Mr he must consider as aiming a vital blow Huskisson opposed it. After some disagainst the agricultural interest. Mr H. cussion, the gallery was cleared for a di. Sumner also persisted in his intention to vision, but none took place, the amend. oppose the Bill in every stage. Sir W. ment having been withdrawn. W. Wynn supported the Bill, whilst Mr

CORN IMPORTATION. Bankes considered it every way objec- 17.On the motion that the report of tionable, more particularly as the late the Corn Importation Bill be presented, disturbances might be imputed to the re- Sir T. Lethbridge said, though his opi. lief proposed to be given to the manu. nions remained unaltered, he should not facturers, and to this opinion he would offer farther resistance to the measure never lend his sanction.

It had been carried by a large and reThe Chancellor of the Exchequer respectable majority, but he trusted that peated his former opinion, and defended the measure now urged would not be Government, who only asked for a power considered to prejudice the great question with which they might do great good, of the Corn Laws.-(Hear.) The Chanand could do no imaginary mischief. cellor of the Exchequer repeated what After a few words from Mr Whitinore he deemed the pledge of Government, and Mr Irving, the House then divided, that this measure should not be held as when the numbers were for the second prejudging the question. reading, 189-against it, 65-majority, The Chancellor of the Exchequer 124.

moved, that the report of the Warehous. 12.On the motion of the Lord Ad. ing Corn Bill be received. vocate, the report of the Scots Banks Co. Sir H, Heron said, it would do no partnerships Bill was presented and a. public good, but put money into the poco greed to.

kets of particular individuals. On the motion that it be read a third Mr Huskisson remarked, that there time, Mr J. P. Grant expressed his dis was twice the quantity of bonded coru in approbation of the Bill in its present London that there was in Liverpool, and form. It was at complete variance with that the Honourable Member's fortune the law on the subject in England. It would not cover the loss that would be would be waste of time to divide the sustained by the duty of 12s. House on it. The Lord Advocate de- Report agreed to, and bill ordered to fended the principle of the Bill. After be read a third time to-morrow. some remarks from Mr P. Moore, the 18. The Lord-Advocate moved for third reading was ordered to be on several returns relative to the state of Thursday next.

prisons in Scotland. Ordered. CORN IMPORTATION.

MANUFACTURING DISTRICTS. The Chancellor of the Exchequer Lord Milton wished to ask the Right moved that the House go into a commit- Honourable Secretary for Foreign Affairs tee on the Foreign Importation Bill. whether it was the intention of his Ma. Colonel Wood said, he had been urged jesty's Government to apply any portion not to propose his amendment, for the of the public money to the relief of the non-importation of corn, till the price of distress in the manufacturing districts ? 658. He did not wish to be obstinate, Mr Canning said, as the motion to come on and should leave it with the House. to morrow evening would embrace the Lord Milton was glad that the proposed question proposed by the Noble Lord, be amendment was not to be pressed." Sir should reserve his sentiments until that W. Ingleby wished to propose that there motion came before the House. Should any

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thing, however, occur to occasion a post. SLAVERY IN THE WEST INDIES. ponement of the motion, he should in that Mr Brougham moved that the resolucase have no objection to state to the . tions of the House for the amelioration * Noble Lord the intention of his Majesty's of slavery in the West Indies be read by : Government.

the clerk. He addressed the House at The Corn Importation and the Ware considerable length, and concluded by housed Corn Bills were severally read a moving a resolution, that the House third time, and passed.

would, in the next Session of Parliament, COURT OF CHANCER Y REPORT. take measures to enforce its resolutions

The Attorney-General, in moving for of the 23d May 1823, for the ameliora. leave to bring in a bill founded upon the tion of the condition of the slaves in the report of the Chancery commission, expa. West-India colonies. tiated at great length upon the various pro. Mr W. Horton, Mr R. Ellis, and Mr

positions suggested by the commissioners, Bernal, opposed the motion. Dr Lushand vindicated the Noble Lord at the ington and Mr Denman supported it. head of the Court from the illiberal at. Mr Canning said, the resolution would tacks and violent aspersions which have interfere with the proceedings of Governbeen so unceremoniously levelled against ment, who were determined to enforce him. His object, however, was, not to the former resolutions of the House. discuss the various clauses of the bill Mr Brougham replied, after which the during the present Session, but that it resolution was negatived. should be printed, to enable gentlemen to 26. Mr Secretary Canning presented give every attention to a subject of so the convention of commerce and naviga. much importance to the judicial charac. tion between his Majesty and the King of ter of the country.

Sweden and Norway.Ordered to lie on 19.-The Lord Advocate presented the table, and to be printed. the report of the committee on Scotch Lord J. Russell rose, for the purpose prisons. --Ordered to be printed.

of moving resolutions relating to bribery Mr Hume présented a petition from a at elections. poor weaver of Glasgow, complaining of Mr W. Wynn moved the previous his distressed condition, of the Corn question. Laws, &c. and praying for the affixing On the question being put, Mr Peel of a minimum on wages, as there was on confessed, that he should have been glad the price of corn. Ordered to be printed. had the noble Lord consented to have

Mr Baring presented a petition from postponed his resolutions until the next the manufacturing cotton-spinners of Session, as he was well inclined to the Glasgow, praying that the House would principle of them, but he objected to the extend to them, in their distressed situa- time of their being brought forward, seo* tion, some suitable measure of relief, veral members having supported the mo. IR reply to a question from Lord Milton, tion. The house divided, when there Mr Canning declared, that it was not the were-For the motion 62. Aguinst it intention of Ministers to propose any pe- 62. cuniary grant for the relief of the distress- The numbers being even, the Speaker ed manufacturers.

gave his casting vote in favour of the THE GREEKS.

resolution, (lond cheering.) Mr Deacon presented a petition in favour of the Greeks,-a cause that merit. Mr Peel brought up the report of the ed the support of this country. Mr W. select committee on the banking system Smith was of the like opinion. He should of Scotland. like some expression of the Government's On the question that it be read, Mr sentiments on this subject; it would be Tierney rose to call the attention of the most useful. Sir R. Wilson spoke of the House to the report of the committee on sacredness of the cause, and condemned the Scotch and Irish promissory-notes. the foreign enlistment act. Mr Hob. On this measure there was a great dif. house did not despair of the Greek cause, ference of opinion among men of good though Missolonghi had fallen ; if Napoli judgment and understanding: but he di Romania defended itself with half the had given it all the support in his power, courage, it could hold out a long time from a conviction that it would ulti. The French had played an unfair part; mately be beneficial to the country. Mat, they had encouraged the Turks against the ters went on smoothly til Scotland was Greeks. He had a list of French officers, mentioned. of Ireland he should say on half pay, now serving the Pacha of nothing, because nothing conclusive had Egypt, and of Austrian vessels that res heen stated in the report. With respect gularly aided the Turks. Petition order to Scotland, however, the case was difed to be printed.

ferent ; and he believed that, since the VOL. XVIIT,

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