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the provinces of Moldavia and Wallachia, fallen in the town, and in the neighbour. with the appointment of the Hospodars, hood of the mountains, only one hun. under the protection of Russia, are to dred and fifty are said to have been taken precede, as the letters state, the departure alive. Of the women and children, a of the commissioners for St. Petersburgh; considerable number are stated to have assurances have been given to the Divan, destroyed themselves, or to have been that the fulfilment of the treaty of Bu, drowned in the ditches adjoining to the charest, as far as regards the abandon. town ; but upwards of three thousand ment of the Asiatic fortresses, will be prisoners of this description are reported strongly urged on the Court of St. Pe. captured by the Turks. It does not ap. tersburgh by the rest of the European pear that Ibrahim Pacha was wounded in
this assault, as various reports have for TURKEY AND GREECE.-Fall of some time announced. Missolonghi.--Accounts have been received at the Colonial Office, from Major. General the Honourable Frederick Pon.
AMERICA. sonby, Lord High Commissioner, . pro MEXICO.-The intelligence from Mexitempore, of the Ionian Isles, which an. co, as regards its financial administration, nounce, that the fortress of Missolonghi is highly favourable. It is said, that a rewas carried by assault on the night of mittance of nearly 300,000 dollars have the 22d and 230 April. It appears, been shipped on board the Pyramus, the that on the 2d the Turkish comman- arrival of which in England may be ex. ders offered terms to the inhabitants, pected in a few days, and is meant as a which engaged for the safety of their provision for the dividend due in October lives, on surrendering the town, but these next. Arrangements have been made offers were peremptorily rejected. The for shipping the amount requisite for Greek fleet, under Miaulis, having failed each dividend, four months before the in its attempt to throw supplies into the period of its becoming due in England. town, and the inhabitants being reduced It is also ascertained, that the expedition to the utinost distress for want of provi. against Cuba, undertaken in conjunction sions, the garrison resolved upon attemptby Mexico and Colombia, is to be abaning to retire, and, for that purpose, made doned. A resolution in favour of it had a sortie with a force of 800 men, under passed the Mexican Senate, but on its two of their most enterprising Chieftains, being sent to the House of Representa. who were to direct their efforts against a tives, the question was disposed of by a battery on the water.side, and by that vote, that it was inexpedient to come to means to open a way for the rest of the any decision until the subject had un. inhabitants. This movement, however, dergone deliberation at the Congress had been foreseen by the Turks, and so about to assemble at Panama. Deputies tremendous a fire was directed against from Colombia had arrived at Mexico to the assailants, that they soon fell into concert the plan of combined operations confusion, and fled in all directions to the against Cuba, but, on account of the vote mountains for shelter. The alarm crea of the lower House, their representatione ted by the repulse of this advanced body had received no attention. In this way, was quickly communicated to those who an expedition, which was considered succeeded ; they abandoned the positions dangerous as well as expensive and which they had hitherto occupied, and ill-timned, is likely to be laid aside. The threw themselves in small bodies into letters from the mining districts speak in such defensible posts as the neighbour. more favourable terms of those under. hood of the town presented. The Turks, takings which English capital has origi. in the mean time, availed themselves of nated there ; and the great mine of Va. the confusion into which the besieged lenciana is said to have been so far drain. were thrown by this failure, and carried ed of its water, that the ore raised from by assault the fortifications, which in it was sufficient to cover the expenses. many parts were left without defence. Official accounts of the surrender of The town was set fire to in several places, Callao have been received. General and instant measures were taken for sub. Rodil and the garrison surrendered by duing the inhabitants, which, in the capitulation on the 23d of January, to course of the night, was completely ef. General Solom. The besieged amount. fected. The Greeks seemed to have ed to about 500 men, They were allow. fought with a degree of obstinacy which ed to march out with the honours of war, might have been expected from the reso. and are to be transported to Europe at lution with which they have hitherto de. the experise of the Government of Peru, fended the place ; for, although upwards in British transports. The negotiation of three thousand are reported to have was begun on board a British ship ; and General Rodil embarked on board his have been issued by Sir Ralph Woodford, Majesty's ship Briton, which has arrived under the authority of the King's Geat an English port. The Marquis of vernment at home, addressed in a spirit Torre Tagle, formerly president of Peru, of great liberality and kindness to the is but who betrayed the independence of his habitants of Trinidad :-The first of country, died in Callao previous to its which secures to the free people of surrender. There is now only one for. colour on that Island the rights and poi. tress in South America in possession of vileges of naturalization as subjects of the Spaniards, viz, Chiloe, which, since His Majesty, in a more favourable marr the date of the above intelligence, has ner than they had hitherto been perti. also surrendered. It is to be incorpora. ted to acquire them; and the second toted with Chili.
scinds an old series of coercive and mor UNITED STATES.-- Boston, April tifying regulations, which had borne rith 14.-The annexed account from the Phi. harshness upon the same class of free ladelphia Democratic Press, of a duel people of colour, but are now repealed fought between the Secretary of State in consequence of their complaints to Go and Mr Randolph, is confirmed in the vernment. Among those now condens most of its particulars by private letters. ed severities, was one which imposed the The chief variation in the account is, that obnoxious office of Alguacil, exclusivetj. Mr Benton Missouri attended Mr Ran. upon the above order of inbabitants : dolph to the field, together with Colonel another laying a tax of 16 dolars upon Tatnall.
balls (dances) given by these people of “ On Saturday afternoon, a duel was colour-surely, under such circumstas fought on the banks of the Potomac, ces, miscalled “ free;" and a thind. between Henry Clay and John Randolph. compelling all people of colour, as well General Jessup and Henry Johnson of free as in bondage, to be at home by halfLouisiana were the seconds of Mr Clay ; past nine o'clock at night. Colonel Tatnall of Georgia, and Colonel Hamilton of South Carolina, were Mr Randolph's seconds. In the Senate of
ASIA. the United States, Mr Randolph had been EAST INDIES.- It is with much . permitted by the presiding officer, Mr tisfaction we have to announce the la Calhoun, on more occasions than one, to mination of the war with the Burmee, call Mr Clay a gambler and black-leg. by a treaty, the terms of which are bighly Mr Clay gave Mr Randolph an opportu. honourable and advantageous to the tunity to explain, by calling upon him in East India Company. An overland writing, to know whether he intended to dispatch has also been received at the call him a political gambler, or to attach India House, dated the 4th Febrsary, the infamy of such epithets to his private from Bombay, announcing the fall of the life ? Mr Randolph declined any explan fortress of Bhurtpore, which was carried nation. A challenge became inevitable by storm, by the army under the corrit was sent by Mr Clay, and accepted by mand of Lord Combermere, on the 18th Mr Randolph, and the parties met at January. Doorjun Sal and his son rere four P.M. The first fire, Mr Randolph's taken prisoners; and the whole of that pistol went off by accident, and Mr Clay important fortress, with its troops, ammo. declined to fire. The accident being nition, and property of every description, corrected, both parties fired and missed. had fallen into the hands of the British A second fire was had without effect, Commander. The military operations when Mr Randolph stepped up to Mr before Bhurtpore have occupied a period Clay, gave him his hand, and made the of little more than five weeks. The proper acknowledgments and thus the army took up a position before it on the affair ended.”
10th December, and all attempts to in The Cherokee Indians, in national duce its surrender having failed, the council, have determined to establish a trenches were opened on the 25th. The printing press at Newton, the seat of British loss during the siege, it is stated Government, for the purpose of printing amounted to 500 men, and 18 officers the New Testament in their language, killed and wounded. The casualtio and the laws, &c. in English; and also from the 23d to the 28th December only to institute an academy for the youth of have been published, which include och the nation; and have appointed the clerk five officers wounded, viz. Captain Chane of the council, Elias Boudinot, to receive bers, 9th light cavalry, Captain Palma, donations for these objects.
Captain Smith of the engineers, Liedte WEST INDIES.-Two proclamations aut Brooke, and Ensign Geils.
PROCEEDINGS IN PARLIAMENT.
HOUSE OF LORDS. May 1.-On the colonial markets, and praying that such motion of the Earl of Liverpool, the measures might not be passed into a law. Scotch Peerage Restoration Bills were The petition was signed by 700 persons. read a third time.
Lord King presented a petition from 8.-Lord Lauderdale, in presenting a the journeymen cotton-spinners of Man. petition against agitating the question of chester, praying their Lordships to rew the Corn Laws from Ipswich, complained lease the foreign corn now in bond, and that Ministers had deceived the people also to give his Majesty's Government & and him, by pretending that they did not discretionary power of admitting foreign mean to bring on the subject in the pre- grain. His Lordship then presented a sent Session. He also presented another petition from the freemen of Worcester, petition on the same subject from the praying for an alteration in the Corn Committee of the Norfolk Agricultural Laws. Society. It was read at length, and re
CORN LAWS. monstrated against the discussion of the The Earl of Malmesbury rose for the question when all parties were taken by purpose of moving the resolution of surprise.
which he had given notice, and in doing Lord Dudley and Ward presented a so, he assured their Lordships, that he petition from several thousand Roman had undertaken the task with great pain Catholics of the county of Roscommon, and embarrassment. The noble Earl in favour of concession.
then entered into the subject at consider. 9.—The Duke of Montrose presented able length, and in a speech of great mo: a petition from the University of Glas- deration. He learned from the master gow, against the clauses in the Irish Pri. manufacturers, that the present distress sons' Improvement Bill, which exclude was occasioned by combination ; from doctors of medicine from being appointed the workmen, that it arose from machin. medical attendant of any prison, unless ery. Old-fashioned people, like himself, they obtain a diploma from the School of thought that it might proceed from the Medicinc established at Dublin.
new commercial policy adopted, and the The Earl of Lauderdale condemned the unprincipled speculations to which it had attempts which had been made to ex. given rise. Others ascribed it to the state clude all medical men, except qualified at of the currency. Was it not proper, Dublin. Laid on the table. On the therefore, when there were so many dif. motion of the Earl of Liverpool, the ferent opinions, to ascertain what was its House went into a committee on the Cric real cause, instead of fastening at once on minal Laws' Consolidation Bill. After the Corn Laws, which he was conviuced some verbal amendments, proposed by had nothing to do with it? The noble Earl the Lord Chancellor, the bill was report. concluded by moving a resolution, which ed, and the House adjourned.
was to the following effect :-" That the 10.-Several petitions were presented House, although sincerely anxious to against slavery by the Earl of Shaftes. contribute to the fullest extent of its bury, the Bishop of Ferns, and Lord power to the relief of the suffering classes, Caithorpe.
thought it not expedient to pass any The Earl of Lauderdale said, no re- measures for the alteration or suspension turns bad been laid before the House as of the existing system of the Corn Laws, to the quantity of oats, barley, and rye, without a previous inquiry into the now in bond. He thought the House alleged necessity for such an alteration should be in possession of those returns or suspension, and into the effect which prior to the discussion which stood for to. they might produce on the relative inmorrow on the subject of the Corn Laws. terests of the growers and consumers of
11.-Mr Anderson, writer to the signet, British corn." presented the return of the Scotch Judges Earl Bathurst opposed the resolution, to the order of the House, for examining as ambiguous and unnecessary; and conthe aged witnesses, in Scotland, on the tended, that if an inquiry were once inLovat peerage.
stituted, instead of a week, it would ocLord Dudley and Ward presented a cupy months after months, and yet lead petition from merchants, manufacturers, to no satisfactory result. The resolution and traders, in Glasgow and its vicinity of Lord Malmesbury was supported by expressing their apprehensions at the in. 'the Marquis of Salisbury, the Earl of tended measures for throwing open the Limerick, Lord Ellenborogh, Earl Gros. VOL. XVIIL
venor, Lord Falmouth, Earl Darnley, explanation from the Noble Lord opposite, Lord Mansfield; and opposed by Lord relative to the last clause in the Bonded Harewood, Earl Rosebery, the Earl of Corn Bill. A new interpretation, it apAberdeen, the Earl of Westmoreland, peared, had been given to the word Lord King, Lord Carnarvon, &c.
proportion," introduced into that clause, Their Lordships then divided, when and he confessed it had puzzled him much there appeared-For the motion, 49% to understand it. The Lord Chancellor Proxies, 1867.--Against it, 96 said, that he was in the habit of doing Proxies, 70-166.-Majority against the nothing out of order, and he therefore motion, 99.-Adjourned.
could give no explanation at present. 12.--'The Duke of Montrose presented
CORN LAWS. a petition from the planters and others, inhabitants of Glasgow, connected with 23. Lord Liverpool moved the order property in the West-Indies, complaining of the day for the second reading of the of the deterioration thereof, and depreca. Warehouse Corn Bill. The Earl of ting any interference with the property of Malmesbury objected to the second , bill, slaves. Laid on the table. The Lord on the ground that it would not give any Chancellor said he had also two petitions relief to the farmers of the country. The to present to the same effect (one of them, Noble Lord did not object to the first we believe, was from Edinburgh.) He bill. The Lord Chancellor vindicated was one of those who thought that the the bills, on the ground that they in no abolition of slavery should be brought manner interfered with the general ques. about by gradual and temperate means. tion of the Corn Laws. A long debate He believed that those who had advocated followed, in which the bills were supportimmediate abolition only added to the ed by the Earl of Liverpool, the Earl of difficulties which were in the way. Harrowby, Lord King, and Lord DarnLaid on the table.
ley; and objected to by Lord Grey, the 17.-The Yeomanry Cavalry Laws' Earl of Lauderdale, Marquis of Salisbury, Amendment Bill was read a third time. the Earl of Carnarvon, the Earl of Lime
18.-Several petitions were presented rick, Lord Redesdale, and the Duke of against the measures now in progress Somerset. for the admission of bonded, and the im- The Lord Chancellor then put the portation of foreign corn during the re question on the bill relating to the cess of Parliament. In answer to some bonded corn, on which the House diviobservations, the Earl of Liverpool gave ded, when there appeared,_Contents 84, fresh assurances that the duty of twelve Non-Contents, 23. Majority in favour shillings now proposed was merely a tem. of second reading, 61. On the second porary expedient, and would have no division as to the Importation of Corn bearing on the general question or per. Bill, the contents were 78. Non-contents manent settlement of the Corn Laws, 28. Majority 50.- Adjourned. . which would remain as open after the 24.-Lord Fitzwilliam asked for some passing of these bills as it now was. information respecting relief being afford.
19.--The Warehouse Corn Bill, and ed to the distressed manufacturers. the Importation of Corn Bill, were read The Earl of Liverpool said, he had no a first time, on the motion of the Earl of difficulty in saying, it would be quite unShaftesbury.
precedented to grant any pecuniary aid The House went into a committee on out of the public purse ; the more proper the Irish Prisons Bill. A discussion took mode would be, he had stated on a place on the clause of the bill which pro- former occasion, to afford relief through vides for the nomination of medical men the medium of private benevolence. to fill situations in the different prisons. On the motion of the Earl of Liverpool, The Duke of Montrose expressed a wish the House went into a committee on the that the nomination should be made to Bonded Corn Bill, when the clauses were extend to the College of Glasgow. The discussed scriatim ; after which the bill Earl of Liverpool said, that he could was reported, with amendments, which have no objection to its reaching, not were ordered to be taken into consideraonly Glasgow, but the Colleges of Edin tion to-morrow. The House they went burgh and St. Andrew's. But the bill, into a committee on the bill giving power as it now stood, met with his approbation. to Ministers to import corn, and after After some farther discussion, the bill some discussion, the bill was reported went through the committee without any without amendment. amendment.Adjourned.
25.-The House met, but there was 22.---Lord Ellenborough said, that, no business of the slightest importance previous to the discussion which was to 26.-The Bonded Corn Bills, after a take place to-morrow, he wished for an lengthened discussion, were read a third
time and passed. The House then ad. you for the provision which you have journed till Wednesday the 31st.
made for the service of the year. PROROGATION OF PARLIAMENT.
" His Majesty's attention will be con
stantly directed to the reduction of the 31.-The Lord Chancellor, the Arch
public expenditure, in every degree that bishop of Canterbury, the Marquis of
may be consistent with the due mainteConyngham, the Earl of Harrowby, and the Earl Shaftesbury, having laken their
nance of the security, honour, and inseats as Commissioners, at a quarter past
terests of his kingdom. two o'clock, Mr Quarme, the Yeoman “ My Lords and Gentlemen, Usher of the Black Rod, was directed to “ We are specially commanded to as. summon the Commons, who soon after sure you, that his Majesty's paternal attended at the bar. The Royal assent feelings have been deeply affected by the was then notified to the two Corn Bills, distresses which have prevailed among and to fourteen other public and private the manufacturing classes of his Majes. bills. The Lord Chancellor then read ty's subjects, and by the exemplary pa. the following speech :
tience with which those distresses have
been generally borne. “ My Lords and Gentlemen,
“ His Majesty trusts, that the causcs “ His Majesty commands us to inform out of which the partial stagnation of you, that the state of the public business employment has arisen, are, under the enabling his Majesty to close the Session blessings of Providence, in a course of at a period of the year the most conve- gradual abatement., nient for a general election, it is his Ma. “ His Majesty is confident that your jesty's intention to dissolve, without de presence and example in your several lay, the present Parliament, and to direct counties will contribute to maintain and the issue of writs for the calling of a new encourage the loyal and orderly spirit one.
which pervades the great body of his peo“ His Majesty cannot take leave of ple; and his Majesty relies upon your you, without commanding us to express disposition, to inculcate that harmony his Majesty's deep sense of the zeal and and mutual good-will among the several public spirit which you have constantly great interests of the country, upon which displayed in the discharge of your several the common prosperity of them all esimportant functions.
sentially depends.” « His Majesty particularly acknow. A commission for proroguing the Par. ledges the promptitude and discretion with liament to the 14th day of June next which you hare applied yourselves to the was then read. objects specially recommended to you by
CRIMINAL LAWS. his Majesty at the commencement of this Session ; and his Majesty confident.
HOUSE OF COMMONS.-April 17. ly hopes, that the good effect of your de.
The House went into a committee on liberations will be manifested in the im.
the bill for consolidating the Criminal proved stability of public and private
Laws, in which Mr Peel explained at
some length the clause which enables “ His Majesty has the satisfaction to
two Magistrates to admit to bail in inform you, that the distinguished skill,
doubtful cases of felony, the object of bravery, and success, with which the
which is to prevent unnecessary imprioperations of the British arms, in the do.
sonment of the subject. The clause was minions of the King of Ava, have been
agreed to, as were several other clauses, carried on, have led to the signature,
and the farther consideration of the bill upon highly honourable terms, of a pre
was then postponed. liminary treaty with that Sovereign,
The House next went into a commitwhich his Majesty has every reason to
tee on the Larceny Bill, in which Mr expect will be the foundation of a secure
Peel proposed several amendments, al. and permanent peace.
tering the law with regard to stealing in " His Majesty further commands us
churches and chapels, increasing the sum to repeat to you, that his Majesty's ear.
from 40s. to £.5, for which it is a capi
tal offence to steal in a dwelling-house, nest endeavours have continued to be un. remittingly exerted to prevent the break.
reducing the severity of the law on steal. ing out of hostilities among nations, and
ing fish, deer, &c., and altering the enactto put an end to those which still un
ments with regard to obtaining goods by happily exist, as well in America as in
false pretences. The bill, as amended, Europe.
was ordered to be printed.
· 18.--Mr Whitmore, after a speech of « Gentlemen of the House of Commons, great length and ability, moved that the
" His Majesty commands us to thank House do resolve itself into a committee,