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requesting Sir Henry Hotham to sit atracteristic of superior minds, which h is right hand, and Madame Bertrand enables them to bend and subdue all on his left. For that day I sat as usual inferior natures to their own ends, at the head of the table, but on the fol. was never more strikingly exhibited lowing day, and every other, whilst than by Napoleon. Hear what CapBuonaparte remained on board, I sat, by tain Maitland says,his request, at his right hand, and Gene. ral Bertrand took the top. Two of the To such an extent did he possess the ward-room officers dined daily at the power of pleasing, that there are few peo. table, by invitation from Buonaparte, ple who could have sat at the same table conveyed through Count Bertrand.— with him for nearly a month, as I did, He conversed a great deal, and shewed without feeling a sensation of pity, allied no depression of spirits ; among other perhaps to regret, that a man possessed things, he asked me where I was born ? of so many fascinating qualities, and who I told him, in Scotland, “ Have you had held so high a station in life, should any property there ?” said he. "No, I be reduced to the situation in which I saw am a younger brother, and they do not him. bestow much on people of that descrip. The following extract will still tion in Scotland." " Is your elder bro. further illustrate the character of the ther a lord ?" "No, Lord Lauderdale very singular man Captain Maitland is the head of our family.” “ Ah! you had under his charge : are a relation of Lord Lauderdale's ! he is an acquaintance of mine; he was sent

During the time we were heaving the ambassador from your King to me, when anchor up, and setting the sails, BuonaMr Fox was prime minister : had Mr parte remained on the break of the poop, Fox lived, it never would have come to and was very inquisitive about what was this, but his death put an end to all hopes going on. He observed, “ Your method of peace. Milord Lauderdale est un bon of performing this manoeuvre is quite garçon," adding, “ I think you resemble different from the French," and added, him a little, though he is dark, and you “ what I admire most in your ship, is are fair.”

the extreme silence and orderly conduct

of your men : on board a French ship, The latter part of this extract is every one calls and gives orders, and they singularly curious, and exhibits Na- gabble like so many geese." Previous poleon in a new character. Most of to his quitting the Bellerophon he made our readers will, we are of opinion, the same remark, saying, “ There has be disposed to think with us, that in

been less noise in this ship, where there the prophetic allusion quoted in

are six hundred men, during the whole italics, the Emperor's usual sagacity

time I have been in her, than there was and skill had gone from bim. It

on board the Epervier, with only one

hundred, in the passage from Isle d'Aix will be very apparent to every one,

to Basque Roads." He remained upon who knows any thing of the history

deck all the time the ship was beating of the period, that though the dis

out of the Pertuis d'Antioche. Having tinguished Statesman, whose name

cleared the Chasseron shoal about six p. he mentions, had been spared to his

m., dinner was served. He conversed a country, it must have been impossi great deal at table, and seemed in very ble for him to have recommended any good spirits, told several anecdotes of peace which Napoleon, while Em- himself; among others, one relating to Sir peror of France, would have agreed Sidney Smith. Knowing that I had to; his whole system of continental served under that officer on the coast of policy being diametrically opposed to Syria, he turned to me and said, " Did the views and interests of this coun Sir Sidney Smith ever tell you the cause try.

of his quarrel with me?” I answered he Napoleon's tact, in adapting him

had not. “Then,” said he, “I will. self to every diversity of situation in

When the French army was before St. which he might be placed,-his skill

Jean d'Acre, he had a paper privately in buying golden opinions by the

distributed among the officers and sol. judicious but

diers, tending to induce them to revolt hardly-perceptible.

and quit me, on which I issued a proclaunction he laid to the mind of every

mation, denouncing the English com. one who approached him, winning

manding officer as a madman, and prohithem to his favour,--are finely illus biting all intercourse with him. This net. trated by his conduct on board the tled Sir Sidney so much, that he sent me Bellerophon. That power, the cha- a challenge to meet him in single combat,

on the beach at Caiffa. My reply was, our coast, saying, “ They are generally that when Marlborough appeared for smugglers as well as fishermen; at one that purpose, I should be at his service, time a great many of them were in my but I had other duties to fulfil besides pay, for the purpose of obtaining intelli. fighting a duel with an English commo gencé, bringing money over to France, dore." lle pursued the subject of Syria, and assisting prisoners of war to escape. and said, patting me (who was sitting They even offered, for a large sum of liext him) on the head, “ If it had not money, to seize the person of Louis, and been for you, English, I should have been deliver him into my hands, but as they Emperor of the East ; but wherever there could not guarantee the preservation of is water to float a ship, we are sure to his life, I would not give my consent to .find you in our way.”

the measure." • We have a great many very lively Hitherto Napoleon's situation and interesting details of the conduct seems to have been one of compara. • of Napoleon,-graphical representa- tive happiness and comfort; and it tions of his manner,--all so minutely is but justice to Captain Maitland to and faithfully recorded, as to furnish state, that every thing was done by us with a perfect vraisemblance of him, which circumstances would the hero of Marengo in the gloom' of permit, to continue both to his dishis glory. But as great part of these tinguished captive. We cannot rehave been often before the public, fuse ourselves the pleasure of giving we make room only for the follow the following extract, which will sbew ing:

how humanely studious the Captain Sunday, 230 July, (1815,) we passed

was to second Napoleon's wishes : very near to Ushant; the day was fine, He (Napoleon) complained of the two and Buonaparte remained upon deck great frigates being placed as guard.ships over part of the morning. He cast many a him, " as if,” said he, “I were not per. melancholy look at the coast of France, fectiy secure on board a British line.of. but made few observations on it. He battle ship;" and added, “ the guard. asked several questions about the coast ship's boats have been firing musquetry of England, whether it was safe to ap. all the evening, to keep the shore-boats at proach, its distance, and the part we were a distance; it disturbs and distresses me, likely to make. About eight in the and I shall be obliged to you to prevent evening the high land of Dartmoor was it, if it lies in your power." I immedidiscovered, when I went into the cabin ately sent to the captains of the frigates, and told him of it. I found him in a to put a stop to the firing. flannel dressing-gown, nearly undressed,

Napoleon, it would appear, mainand preparing to go to bed. He put on his great-coat, came out upon deck, and

tained his temper with great equaremained some tiine looking at the land, nimity, even amid all the disaasking its distance from Torbay, and the

gremens of his situation. Whether probable time of our arrival there.

this is to be attributed to a certain At day-break of the 24th of July, we lethargy of mind, which some have were close off Dartmouth. Count Bert. alleged had possession of Napoleon, rand went into the cabin, and informed or to the firm manliness of his naBuonaparte of it, who came upon deck ture, it is now impossible to deterabout half-past four, and remained on the mine. But certain it is, that his poop until the ship anchored in Torbay. conduct in this respect was not imiHe talked with admiration of the bold. tated or followed by his attendants. ness of the coast, saying, “ You have in In no part of his conduct, during that respect a great advantage over the time he remained on board the France, which is surrounded by rocks Bellerophon, is the equanimity more and dangers." On opening Torbay, he was much struck with the heauty of the

strongly pourtrayed than on the anscenery, and exclaimed, “ What a beau

nouncement of the determination of tiful country! it very much resembles

our Government to send him to St. the bay of Porto Ferrajo, in Elba."

Helena. We have the following from At dinner he conversed as usual, was Captain Maitland : inquisitive about the kinds of fish pro. His mind had by this time been so duced on the coast of England, and ate much prepared by the newspapers for part of a turbot that was at table with that event, that he did not shew any very inuch relish. He then spoke of the cha. strong emotion at receiving the intimaracter of the fishermen and boa'men on tion, though he complained, in strong

VOL. XVIII.

4 Y

terms, of the injustice of such a measure. indeed, it was quite astonishing with As, however, the Admiral's barge was what elasticity his spirits regained their seen approaching, and I was obliged to usual cheerfulness, after such trials and go upon deck to receive him, I had very disappoiniments. He never, in my hear. little conversation with him at that time. ing, threatened to commit suicide, nor do

As soon as the Admiral had left the I believe he did on any occasion ; the only ship, Buonaparte sent for me, and shewed expression I ever heard him make use of, me the same paper Lord Keith had com. that could in any way be construed inmunicated to me in the morning. When to such a threat, was, that he would not I had read it, he complained vehemently go to St. Helena, " Je n'irai pas à St. of his treatment in being sent to St. Hélène." Helena, saying, " The idea of it is per. sect horror to me. To be placed for life How different was the conduct of on an island within the Tropics, at an im. his domestics! Numerous were the mense distance from any land, cut off angry remonstrances, peevish defrom all communication with the world, clarations, and foolish threats, utterand every thing that I hold dear in it- ed by these people. In a conference c'est pis que la cage de fer de Tamerlan with Lallemand. Montholon, and it is worse than Tamerlane's iron

ne's Iron

Cou

Gourgaud, the latter is represented cage.) I would prefer being delivered up

to have said, “You may depend to the Bourbons. Among other insults," said he," but that is mere bagatelle,

upon it the Emperor never will go

to St. Helena ; he will sooner put a very secondary consideration, they style me General ! they can have no right

himself to death ; he is a man of deto call me General : they may as well call termined character, and what he me Archbishop, for I was head of the says he will do." “ Has he ever church as well as the army. If they do said he will put himself to death?" not acknowledge me as Emperor, they I asked. They answered, “No; but ought as First Consul; they have sent am. he has said he will not go, which bassadors to me as such, and your King, amounts to the same thing; and, in his letters, styled me Brother. Had were he to consent himself, here are they confined me in the Tower of Lon. three of us who are determined to don, or one of the fortresses in England, prevent hiin.” We may add the (though not what I had hoped from the remark, made by Lord Keith, to generosity of the English people,) I Captain Maitland, on repeating to should not have so much cause of coin. bis Lordshin the conversation we have plaint, but to banish me to an island wet laid before our readers : " Yon within the Tropics! They might as well have signed my death-warrant at once,

may tell these gentlemen," said his as it is impossible a man of my habit of

Lordship, “who have threatened to body can live long in such a climate."

, be Buonaparte's executioners, that He then expressed a desire to write ano. the law of England awards death to ther letter to the Prince Regent, and I inurderers, and that the certain concarried it the same afternoon to Lord sequence of such an act will be fiKeith, by whom it was immediately for. nishing their career on a gallows." warded to London.

Amidst the rather serious details of I felt convinced that Buonaparte, after this romance of real life, we are re- the notification he had received, would be lieved by an episode of an amusing

too much depressed in spirits to make his kind. We allude to an attempt of .appearance on deck this day, and sent a some individual-an eccentric one, boat to some of my friends, who were certainly, if he was moved by no powaiting in hopes of seeing him, to say litical machinery from behind-to there was no chance of his coming out, as serve a subpoena on Napoleon. The he was much distressed at the communi.

precautionary measures taken by cation which had been made to him. I was, therefore, a good deal surprised, on

Lord Keith and Captain Maitland,

to elude the pursuit of this terrible turning round, to find him standing at my elbow; and I can only account for

person, whom they designate as a his shewing himself as usual, by sup

lawyer, and who, they conceived, posing, either that he was not, in fact, so carried,

carried in his pocket the means of

mis pock much annoyed as I had believed him to letting loose on mankind the Scourge be, or that he was actuated by a desire of of Europe, as he was often called, creating a feeling of commiseration appear to us to be somewhat ludiamong the English people on his behalf. crous. The whole matter indeed, At dinner he conversed as usual, and, from beginning to end, is truly far

cical. The great importance of the talked of the magnanimity of his trust which was confided in the surrender. But the probability is gallant officers certainly justified against him ; for his circumstances more than ordinary precaution, and were of too desperate a character, as called for the strictest vigilance they we have already stated, to admit of could display ; but it was certainly his longer lingering within reach of 100 inuch to allow this terrible indi. his enemies on the coast of France. vidual, in his cock-boat, to chase our The following is the passage: cruizers, as he seeins to have done. On the morning of the 6th of August, This, however, he manages to do, and (says Captain M.) when walking the the Admiral and Captain Maitland deck with Monsieur Las Cases, he for the are in turn chased by this dreadful first time mentioned that he understood inan; and those who were never me to have assured him that the Emknown to retreat while enemies' fleets peror would be well received in England, were in sight, fly before him. The and allowed to reside there. I replied, Adiniral writes to Captain Maitland, “ I cannot conceive how you could so far " I have been chased all day by a

misunderstand me, as I constantly, in lawyer with a Habeas Corpus. He my communications with you, stated that is landed at Causand, and may come

I could make no promises whatever ; off in a sailing-boat during the night;

that I thought my orders would bear me of course keep all sorts of boats off, as

out in receiving him on board, and con. I will do the like in whatever ship I

veying him to England; but even in

doing that, I acted very much upon my may be in.-KEITH.” The precautions of the sailors, as might have

own responsibility. You questioned me

frequently as to my private opinion, and been expected, were triumphantly

as I was quite ignorant upon the subject, successful, and the lawyer is forced I could only say, I had no reason to beto go off without obtaining his pur- lieve he would be ill received." It did pose. The real transaction is now not, however, require my assistance to known to have been this :- The de raise the hopes of those about Buona. fendant, in a prosecution against him, parte, respecting the manner in which he at the instance of a naval officer, for was to be received in England, as one of a libel censuring his conduct while his followers, on the passage home, asked on the West-India station, when a me if I thought the Prince Regent would French squadron was in those seas. confer the Order of the Garter upon him. pretending it would aid his defence If there was any misunderstanding, to show that the French ships were

(which I cannot allow to have been the at that time in an unserviceable con

case,) Monsieur Las Cases has himself to

blame. When he came on board of the dition, meant to do so by the evidence

Bellerophon, for the purpose of treating, of Napoleon. He accordingly ob

'B'y, our he concealed his knowledge of the Engtained a subpana for him (Napoleon) lish language, which, as I had consider. to attend as a witness on the trial in able difficulty in expressing myself in the Court of King's Bench, and en- French, could only be intended for the deavoured himself, and not by a purpose of throwing me off my guard, lawyer, to get on board the Bellero- thai he might take the advantage of any phon to deliver it.

expressions that fell from me, or the offi. . We shall now present to the reader cers I had always present at our meetings. an extract, from which he will be Even after he was on board with Buona. enabled to gather the true character parte, though he acknowledged he could of the crafty Las Cases. This per- read English, and always translated the son seems to have been the most de newspapers for his master, he affected signing among the followers of the

not to be able to speak it. What his actual failen Emperor. The wish, too, of

knowledge of the language was, the fol. Napoleon to impress on Captain

lowing extract of a letter, from a friend

ot' inine on board the Northumberland, Maitland's mind the magnanimity of

dated at sca, August the 22d, 1815, will the part he (Napoleon) had performed

shew :-" I do not know whether Las in surrendering himself, comes out in Cases ever let you know he could speak the course of the passage. It is quite English ; but this I can assure you, that possible Napoleon may have reasoned he speaks it very near as well as Mahimself into a belief that he might dame Bertrand, and can hold a conversa· have made a diversion in his favour tion, or maintain an argument in it, witli

by appearing on shore, and hence as much fluency as she can."

This forenoon I had a long conversa. Ile walked out of the cabin with a tion with Buonaparte. He complained steady, firm step; came up to me, and bitterly of the conduct of the British Go. taking off his hat, said, “ Captain Mait. vernment, and entered, at considerable land, I take this last opportunity of once length, into the state of his affairs, when more returning you my thanks for the he determined upon the measure of manner in which you have created me repairing on board the Bellerophon. while on board the Bellerophon; and also " There still," said he, “ was a large to request you will convey them to the party in the south, that wished me to put officers and ship's company you comi. myself at its head; the army behind the mand." Then turning to the officers, Loire was also desirous of my return. At who were standing by me, be added, ten o'clock of the night before I embark. “Gentlemen, I have requested your caped, a deputation from the garrison of tain to express my gratitude to you for Rochelle waited upon me, with an offer your attention to me, and to those who to conduct me to the army ; in addition have followed my fortunes." He then to which, the troops that were in Roche went forward to the gangway, and before fort, Bourdeaux, and Isle d'Aix, amount. he went down the ship's side, bowed tro ing to twelve thousand men, were at or three times to the ship's company, who my disposal. But I saw there was no were collected in the waist and on the prospect of ultimate success, though I forecastle. He was followed by the ladies might have occasioned a great deal of and the French officers, and lastly by trouble and bloodshed, which I did not Lord Keith. After the boat bad sbored choose should take place on my account off, and got the distance of about thirty individually : while the empire was at yards from the ship, he stood up, pulled stake, it was another matter."

his bat off, and bowed, first to the officers, In the afternoon, Mr O'Meara, the and then to the men ; and immediately surgeon, informed me that General Sa. sat down, and entered into conversation vary had made a proposal to him to ac. with Lord Keith, with as much apparent company Buonaparte to St. Helena as his composure as if he had been only the medical attendant ; Monsieur Maingaut, ing from one ship to the other, to pay a his surgeon, being a young man with visit. whom he was little acquainted, and had The following description of Napo. suffered so much from sea-sickness in the leon's person and appearance is very passage from Rochefort, that he felt

graphic. It brings the fallen here averse to undertaking another sea voyage. He consulted me as to the propriety of

before us: accepting the offer. I told him it must Napoleon Buonaparte, when he came depend very much upon his own feelings; on board the Bellerophon, on the 15th of but if he had no dislike to it, he had better July 1815, wanted exactly one month of accept the proposal, on condition that completing his forty-sixth year, being our Government consented and agreed to born on the 15th of August 1769. He pay his salary ; but in that case, an offi. was then a remarkably strong, well-built cial communication must pass, through man, about five feet seven inches bigti; me, to the Admiral on the subject. This his limbs particularly well formed, with was the first intimation I received of a fine ancle and very small foot, of which Buonaparte having made any arrange. he seemed rather vain, as he always wore, ment towards complying with the notifi. while on board the ship, silk stockings cation he had received from our Govern. and shoes. His hands were also very ment.

small, and had the plumpness of a wa

man's, rather than the robustness of a We must now bring our extracts man's. His eyes light grey, teeth goed, to a close, and pass on to the conclu and when he siniled, the expression of his sion of the volume. Our extracts, we

countenance was highly pleasing; when fear, may have appeared too nume

under the influence of disappointment, rous and lengthy, but the deep histo

however, it assumed a dark, gloomy cast. rical interest of the volume, and the

His hair was of a very dark brown, air of heroic romance thrown over

nearly approaching to black, and though the whole book, where so many per

a little thin on the top and front, had not sons known to every reader are intro

a grey hair ainongst it. His complexion

was a very uncommon one, being of a duced, have led us on, and must light sallow colour, differing from almost plead our apology. The following any other I ever met with. From his passages contain much that will in- having become corpulent, he had lost terest all our readers. The story is much of his personal activity, and, if we with pathos and effect :

are to give credit to those who attended

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