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“ But you do not pretend to say, that would at least have argued little confia men who have committed themselves in dence in the impartiality of his judges,' such open hostility against church and replied Stuart, with calm self-possesstate can be impartial witnesses ?" said sion. " But you will do me the favour the Archbishop of St. Andrews.
to remark, my Lord Duke, that what I “ In matters of fact assuredly they said was on the supposition that there may, right reverend Father," replied the was an intention of stilling a fair trial-a lawyer, “ although they effect not the supposition which, I trust, can never be form of church-government, of which realized in this court of justice, especially your Grace is at the head, and dare, in under the immediate eye of the royal spite of an opposing world, to worship personage who now presides, and who, the God of their fathers according to their independent of his natural integrity, has consciences ; for this is the extent of their so strong a personal interest in preserving crime. Will men of such tender religious the fountain of public justice free from feelings, think you, be guilty of deliberate stain. He has too enlightened, I trust, and perjury ?"
too noble a mind, not to appreciate the “ Men of such obstinate pride, bigotry, difference between the glory of reigning, and rebellion, Mr Lawyer, you should when he comes to reign-over a narather say," replied the Primate, with an tion of slaves and a nation of freemen, angry glance.
He well knows, that the happiness and Is it then the pleasure of this Court the dignity of a Sovereign may be estimated that the pannel at the bar shall be denied by the character of his subjects, and the the means of proving his innocence ?" character of his subjects by the manner asked Stuart warmly. “ If so, why this in which justice is administered among assize? Why this mock trial ? Why not them. He will not be cannot destroy lead him at once to the scaffold ? Why with his own hand, that which forms the render murder doubly fatal? Why invest palladium of a nation's prosperity, and it with a tenfold atrocity, by perpetra the brightest jewel in a monarch's crown, ting it under the prostituted forms of -the pure administration of equal laws." law ?"
“ You wander from the subject," exThe Court and the audience were pee claimed the Primate furiously.“ What trified with this daring burst of indignant has this bombast to do with the matter feeling. The Royal Duke seemed to before us ?” shrink into himself; and even Lauder. “I do not wander, please your Grace," dale quailed for an instant under the returned the lawyer, who saw in the thunder of the intrepid pleader ; but the workings of the Prince's countenance latter quickly recovering himself, and that he had touched a string which vi. assuming an attitude of menace, ex. brated to his eloquence. “His Royal claimed,
Highness knows he feels that I do not “ If this be the way, Mr Stuart, that wander. His princely nature recoils from you intend to conduct your client's de. the injustice which, under pretence of a fence, it would have been better for bim, legal punctilio, would cut off at one blow and better for yourself also, Sir, that you from a helpless prisoner all his means of had never undertaken it. What! is the defence, and would leave him at the Court to be browbeat and insulted from mercy of his enemies. He is aware that the bar, and by an ungworn pleader too, it is not the individual alone who would who could not have appeared at all at that be injured by so iniquitous a proceeding, bar, had it not been through an act of but that, through the sides of this indi. extraordinary favour and condescension ? vidual, a wound, a deadly wound, would It is thus that indulgencies are rewarded, be inflicted on every denizen of the kingmy Lords ;--but is this to be endured ? dom, and most of all on the highest Are we to be told that we are commit that it would degrade the character of ting an act of murder, because, forsooth, the nation, and tarnish the lustre of the we hesitate to admit to the benefit of in crown itself. That royal and high-mind. demnity a list of rascally witnesses, who ed personage will spurn from him so base, are acknowledged to have been guilty of so ruinous an act of oppression, and will open contempt of the laws of the land ? establish himself in the hearts of his fu. And how know you, Sir, that the con. ture people by bursting through the demnation of the prisoner must be the trammels of intrigue and faction, and necessary result of this trial, if the exa nobly standing forth the asserter of im. mination of that disaffected rabble is re- partial justice the father of his country." fused ? Such an assertion, I must say, A powerful sensation was produced on argues little confidence in the goodness of the audience by this vehement appeal, your client's cause."
which seemed to be reflected on the “ Had it been made unconditionally, it mind of the Prince, who evidently la. boured under a strong feeling of pere obsequiously adopted, James turned to plexity. After a short pause of death-like the Advocate, and said, silence, he was about to speak, when “ You will be pleased, Mr Lawyer, to Lauderdale, distrustful of his intention, keep a better tongue in your head, and officiously anticipated him.
not attribute intrigue or injustice to those “ His Royal Highness, in distributing who despise it. There was no use in impartial justice, will not take counsel of making all this noise about what a simple a hired pleader,-of a man who refused representation would have induced the to take the oaths to the crown," cried he Court at once to concede. Take an inbitterly. “ Keep your fond speculations demnity for your witnesses, and let the on that subject to yourself, Sir ; and be- trial proceed." ware how you throw out seditious insi. nuations against his Majesty's Govern These passages are favourable ment. Your mouth will be stopped if
specimens of the author's manner, you persist in this line of conduct.”
and occasional power of description. ." Let them have their rattle,” whis.
On the whole, however, the work is pered James in Lauderdale's ear. “ What
languid, a fault which is owing partharm can it do? We have still the ball in our own hands."
"ly to a want of that faculty which " As your Royal Highness pleases,"
seems every day to be becoming returned Lauderdale sulleniy; " but you
more rare, namely, the power of arare giving them the ball instead of the ranging a series of events in a narattle."
tural, and, at the same time, original After consulting a few moments with and ingenious order, and partly to the rest of the Bench, or rather com- the selection of a subject which has municating his will to them, which they been already exhausted.
NARRATIVE OF THE SURRENDER OF BUONA PARTE *.
• For all the interest and pleasure person of ordinary feelings without derived from the perusal of this curiosity, or perused without exciteNarrative, and we have enjoyed ment of the highest kind. In its much of both, we are indebted, as pages we have all the facts connected Captain Maitland tells us in his with the surrender of him who ruled Preface, to the “ Wizard of the the destinies of France for twenty North.” There the Captain very years, and at whose bidding thrones modestly declares, he had no inten- were raised and tumbled down, tion of bringing his Narrative for- brought before us with such authenward, until, by accident, it fell into ticity, as, even at the distance of the hands of a most celebrated liter- eleven years, to create interest of no ary character, who strongly recom ordinary sort. We have all the inmended its publication. Under the teresting occurrences connected with sanction of this high authority, Cap- this great historical event in their tain Maitland was, it seems, induced original freshness, while the lapse to gratify the public curiosity, re- of years, and the increased means garding the circumstances attending of information now within our reach, one of the most extraordinary events enable us to estimate their truth recorded in history. And we, in and value, as historical materials common with all those who look into of the greatest importance. We the Captain's book, must tender him are also enabled, by this Narrative, our thanks for the high gratification to refer many of the statements he has afforded us. .
with which the Press teemed at the Though published at such a dis- time to their true source the fiction tance of time from the occurrence of of the narrators. It is, in short, a the singular events it records, this work of great historical and personal volume cannot be opened by any interest, and will, to a certain ex
• Narrative of the Surrender of Buonaparte, and of his Residence on Board H. M. S. Bellerophon; with a Detail of the principal Events that occurred in that Ship, between 24th May and 8th August, 1815. By Captain F. L. Maitland, C. B. 8vo. London. 1826. Colburn.
tent, afford the very best means of We find the following recorded as estimating the true character of one one of the stratagems proposed to be of the most extraordinary men the resorted to, to elude our seamen: , world has produced, under circum- Among the rest, “it was the the in. stances well calculated to exhibit his tention of Buonaparte to escape from real feelings. The volume, too, con- Rochefort in a Danish sloop, concealed in tains numerous anecdotes and traits a cask stowed in the ballast, with tubes so of the ci-devant Emperor of France, constructed as to convey air for his which have never before been pub- breathing. The plan had been thought lished.
of, and the vessel in some measure preWhile Captain Maitland's Narra pared ; but it was considered too hazardtive carries along with it a most per
ous : for had we detained the vessel for fect conviction of the truth and ac
a day or two, he would have been obli. curacy of the facts he relates, it con
ged to make his situation known, and
thereby forfeited all claims to the good tains complete and triumphant evi.
treatment he hoped to insure by a volun. dence of the honourable conduct, as
tary surrender." well as the good sense and judgment of the Captain himself, in a situa. Besides the Bellerophon, there tion of great responsibility, and un- were so many cruizers in the Channel, der circumstances of almost anpar- in the latitude of Ushant, off Cape alleled delicacy and difficulty. There Finisterre, and along the whole is likewise a full vindication of the coast, that it would have been imgallant Captain, from a charge often possible for Napoleon to have put to made at the time, that the British sea. It was when their stratagems officer had broken faith with his had failed them, that various negofallen foe, and betrayed him to the ciations were attempted by the attendEnglish Government, in violation of ants of Napoleon, in which the crafty the terms of his surrender.
Las Cases was the chief actor, to The Government of this country elude the penetration, and overcome seem to have been well informed as to the skill of the British seamen,but Napoleon's movements subsequent to in vain. The Captain was too much his departure from Paris.* Their of a statesman, to be betrayed by the plans to defeat, what was understood hollow dexterity of the Frenchman. to be his purpose, of going to Truth was disregarded, and the America, and for intercepting the file most barefaced attempts were made, gitive on whose captivity they ima. “ with authority and show of truth,” gined the repose of Europe depended, to impose on the ingenuous mind of appear to have been judiciously laid, the British officer. The following and most effectually seconded by the may be taken to prove what we have vigilance and activity of the com- been saying:manders of the cruizers in the Chan. During the above-mentioned conver. nel, and along that part of the coast sation, I asked Las Cases where Buona. from which it was thought he would parte then was ? he replied, “ At Rochetry to effect his escape. Napoleon's fort, I left him there yesterday evening." object in fleeing from Paris to Roche. General Lallemand then said, “ The Em. fort evidently was to escape by some peror lives at the hotel in the Grand vessel to America. It is beyond Place, and is now so popular there, that doubt, that it must have been for an the inhabitants assemble every evening opportunity of this kind he was wait in front of the house, for the purpose of ing, when, by circumstances beyond seeing him, and crying, Vive l’Empehis control, he was forced to adopt reur !" I then asked how long it would the basty resolution of going on
take to go there. Las Cases answered, board the Bellerophon, and throwing
“ As the tide will be against us, it will himself under the protection of the
require five or six hours.” Why these
false statements were made I cannot preEnglish. The fallen Emperor's fol
tend to say, but it is very certain that lowers had recourse to many schemes
Buonaparte never quitted the frigates or and stratagems to secure the flight of
Isle d'Aix, after his arrival there on the their master. The watchful activity,
3d July. General Lallemand took occa. however, of the British cruizers ren- sion to ask me if I thought there would dered any attempt to venture to sea be any risk of the people who might ac. either dangerous or impracticable. company Buonaparte, being given up to the Government of France : 1 replied, particular in stating it, as Buona parte
Certainly not; the British government has been described, in some of the public never could think of doing so, under the journals, as having taken possession of it circumstances contemplated in the pre. in a most brutal way, saying, “ Tout ou sent arrangement."
rien pour moi"-all or nothing for me.
I here, therefore, once for all, beg to Defeated in all their attempts at
state most distinctly, that, from the time negotiation for a safe conduct to
of his coming on board my ship, to the Napoleon, or to have him received period of his quitting her, his conduct on board under conditions as to his was invariably that of a gentleman ; and reception in England, no alternative in no one instance do I recollect him to reinained for his followers or himself have made use of a rude expression, or but to act as circumstances required. to have been guilty of any kind of ill. At this time, it was the 13th of July, breeding. the white flag was once more hoisted We will now present to the reader, allover Rochelle; the gathering storm in the words of the narrator himself, was thickening round Napoleon, the account of the reception of Na. the blockade most closely kept up poleon on board the Bellerophon: at sea, -his enemies on shore fast increasing both in power and in
At break of day, on the 15th of July, strength-The fate of Napoleon was
1815, l'Epervier French brig of war was
discovered under sail, standing out to sealed. To avoid falling into the
wards the ship, with a flag of truce up; hands of the friends of the Bourbons,
and at the same time the Superb, bear which he had reason to fear might
ing Sir Henry Hotham's flag, was seen happen by the detention of the fri.
in the offing. By half-past five the ebb. gate in which he then was, Napoleon tide failed, the wind was blowing right was forced to seek an asylum in an in, and the brig, which was within a mile English man-of-war. This line of of us, made no farther progress; while conduct, one not of choice but of ne- the Superb was advancing with the wind cessity, it has since been ascertained and the tide in her favour. Thus situa. was determined on, in a council held ted, and being most anxious to terminate on the night of the 13th July, when the affair I had brought so near a conelu. the desperate state of Napoleon's sion, previous to the Admiral's arrival, I circumstances rendered this the best sent off Mr Mott, the First Lieutenant, policy he could adopt.
in the barge, who returned soon after six Captain Maitland appears to have
o'clock, bringing Napoleon with him.
On coming on board the Bellerophon, been laudably anxious in making due preparation both for the comfort
he was received without any of the ho
nours generally paid to persons of high and security of Napoleon, while he
rank; the guard was drawn out on the was to be on board the Bellerophon.
break of the poop, but did not present The following passage will illustrate
arms. His Majesty's Government had this, while at the same time it serves merely given directions, in the event of to refute, what was often repeated,
his being captured, for his being removed that Napoleon behaved rudely, and into any one of his Majesty's ships that even brutally, while on board the might fall in with him, but no instrucBellerophon:
tions had been given as to the light in
which he was to be viewed. As it is not I said to Monsieur Las Cases, I pro. customary, however, on board a British pose dividing the after-cabin in two, that ship of war, to pay any such honours bethe ladies may have the use of one part fore the colours are hoisted at eight of it. “ If you allow me to give an opi. o'clock in the morning, or after sunset, nion," said he, « the Emperor will be I made the early hour an excuse for better pleased to have the whole of the withholding them upon this occasion. after.cabin to himself, as he is fond of Buonaparte's dress was an olive colour. walking about, and will by that means ed great-coat over a green uniform, with be able to take more exercise." I an- scarlet cape and cuffs, green lapels turned swered, “ As it is my wish to treat him back, and edged with scarlet, skirts bookwith every possible consideration while he ed back with bugle horns embroidered in is on board the ship I command, I shall gold, plain sugar-loaf buttons and gold make any arrangement you think will be epaulettes, being the uniform of the Chasmost agreeable to him." This is the seur a Cheval of the Imperial Guard. only conversation that ever passed on the He wore the star, or grand cross of the subject of the cabin ; and I am the inore Legend of Honour, and the small cross of
that order, the Iron Crown and the Union, with a rapidity that at first made it difficult appended to the button-hole of his left to follow him ; and it was several days be. lapel. He had on a small cocked hat, fore I got so far accustomed to his man. with a tri-coloured cockade, plain gold. ner of speaking, as to comprehend his hilted sword, military boots, and white meaning immediately. waistcoat and breeches. The following
No sooner on board, than Napoleon day he appeared in shoes, with gold buckles and silk stockings the dress he al
displays that activity of disposition ways wore afterwards while with me.
and inquisitive nature which must On leaving the Epervier, he was cheer. have so strongly characterised him at ed by her ship's company as long as the one period of life. He niinutely boat was within hearing; and Mr Mott examines all parts of the ship, informed me that most of the officers and at once discovers wherein its conmen had lears in their eyes.
struction and management differ General Bertrand came first up the from those of the French ships. ship's side, and said to me, “ The Em. Having discussed with Captain Maitperor is in the boat.” He then ascended, land the subject of naval tactics, in and, when he came on the quarter-deck, which Napoleon displays much skill pulled off his hat, and, addressing me in and judgment, he proceeds to state a firm tone of voice, said, “ I am come
bis opinion on the comparative merits to throw myself on the protection of your of English and French seamen, and Prince and laws." When I showed him
shews that the topics had previously into the cabin, he looked round and said,
employed his active and penetrating “ Une belle chambre," (this is a hand
mind. some cabin.) I answered, “ Such as it is, Sir, it is at your service while you re
Napoleon appears to have indulged main on board the ship I command."
the hope that he was to find an He then looked at a portrait that was asylum in England, and very soon hanging up, and said, " Qui est cette after coming on board, he endeavours jeune personne ?” (Who is that young to impress on Captain Maitland the lady ?) " My wife, ' I replied. « Ah! belief that his (Napoleon's) underelle est très jeune et très jolie," (Ah! standing was, that England was to she is both young and pretty.) He then be his future home :asked what country-woman she was, begged to know if I had any children, and
We had breakfast about nine o'clock, put a number of questions respecting my
in the English style, consisting of tea,
coffee, cold meat, &c. He did not eat country, and the service I had seen.
much, or seem to relish it: and when, He next requested I would send for the officers, and introduce them to him :
on inquiry, I found he was accustomed
to have a hot meal in the morning, I im. which was done according to their rank. He asked several questions of each, as to
mediately ordered my steward to allow
his maitre d'hotel to give directions, that the place of their birth, the situation he
he might invariably be served in the held in the ship, the length of tiine he
manner he had been used to do; and had served, and the actions he had been
after that we always lived in the French in. He then expressed a desire to go
fashion, as far as I could effect that object. round the ship ; but as the men had not
During breakfast he asked many ques. done cleaning, I told him it was custo
tions about English customs, saying, “I mary to clean the lower decks immediately
must now learn to conform myself to after breakfast, that they were then so em.
them, as I shall probably pass the reployed, and, if he would defer visiting the ship until they had finished, he would
mainder of my life in England." sce her to more advantage.
A right and honourable feeling At this time I proposed to him to marks the whole tenor of Captain allow me to address him in English, as I Maitland's conduct to Napoleon had heard he understood that language, while on board the Bellerophon: and I had considerable difficulty in expressing myself in French. He replied When dinner was announced, Buona. in French, “ The thing is impossible; I parte, viewing bimself as a royal personhardly understand a word of your lan. age, which he continued to do while on guage :" and from the observations I had board the Belleropbon, and which, under an opportunity of making afterwards, I am the circumstances, I considered it would satisfied he made a correct statement, as, have been both ungracious and uncalled. on looking into books or newspapers, he for in me to bave disputed, led the way frequently asked the meaning of the most into the dining-room. He seated him. common word. He spoke his own language "self in the centre at one side of the table,