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Board of Trade was sufficient occupation of the Exchequer proposed the reduced for any one ; and if salaried, it ought to allowance to the President of the Board be in its own name. .

of Trade, to meet the ideas of his Majesty's; After various other members had deli. Opposition ; which was seconded by Sir vered their opinions on the subject, Mr M, W. Ridiey, and agreed to unanimousCaleraft moved that the Chairman report ly. Mr Tierney assured his Majesty's: progress, with a view of giving to the Go. Ministers that their conduct on this occavernment an opportunity of remodelling sion had secured them the approbation of the mode of carrying the proposed vote. his Majesty's Opposition.

) The House then divided : for reporting pros T he Private Distillation in Scotland gres 4k, against it 83. Mr Hume after Prevention Bill was read a first time. wards moved as an amendment, " That it was the opinion of the Committee, that

REPRESENTATION OF EDINBURGJĮ the sum of £.5000 should be granted to - 13.-Mr Abercromby rose, pursuant the President of the Board of Trade, but to notice, to move for an alteration in the that it also appeared expedient to ascer. representation of the City of Edinburgh. tain, if any, and what alteration could be He had investigated the subject in all its effected in the salary and emoluments of bearings, and he had satisfied himself, not the office of Treasurer of the Navy," only of the reality and magnitude of the which was lost by a majority of 36; grievance, but also, that it would not be 35 voting for the amendment, and 71 impossible to find a remedy for it. The against it...il..: .'11 population of Edinburgh was upwards of

10. The Chancellor of the Exchequer 100,000 souls.' It was not they, how: moved the bringing up of the Civil Listever, who elected the member to be res Act. Mr Hobhouse protested against the turned to Parliament, but a Town Counproposed augmentation of salaries to pub. cil consisting of thirty-three members ; lic servants. He had no objection to an nineteen 'of whom were elected by their increased salary to Mr Huskisson, but predecessors, and who would, in their he did object to the introduction of ano. turn, élect their successors. The abuse ther placeman' into the House of Com. was so scandalous, that it had been found mons, and that in reality was the ques. impossible to meet it by direct argument. tion. Lord Glenorchy also opposed the Indirect means had therefore been taken report. Mr Canning spoke at some to support it. The abettors of it said, length in defence of the proposed arrange that if reform was granted to Edinburgh, ment. He asserted that the measure it would be necessary to grant it to Glashad been forced upon Ministers by " his gow, Aberdeen, and other towns. He Majesty's Opposition," who had pressed it knew these and similar 'arguments, if last session in a way which " his Majes. arguments they could be called, would ty's Ministers" could not resist. He took te brought against him. With respect credit for the 'small number of official to the argument which would, no doubt, men, particularly of lawyers, retained in be used, that, 'under the present system, that House by the present cabinet, and Edinburgh had thriven, he bore testi. spoke contemptuously of the accession mony to the fact, and no man more sin. of strength which Ministers could derive cerely rejoiced in it than himself ; but from the addition of a single placeman, he must not be understood to concur in declaring, that when they could not com- the inference attempted to be deduced mand a majority of more than even from the circumstance," namely, that that twenty, it would be high time to think of state of prosperity was attributable to the resigning. Mr Tierney complained that exertions of the Town Council, for it the Right Honourable Secretary had not was not through, but in 'spite of, the said a word in explanation or defence of efforts of the Town Council, that Edin. the proposed waste of the public money. burgh had thriven. It had been objected He then ridiculed the proposed arrange to him, that he had not stated any parti. ment, and declared himself greatly pleas. cular abuse on which to found his mo. ed with the phrase “his Majesty's Op. tion. He protested against the suppoposition," which he said, exactly de- sition that he was bound to do so The scribed the character and condition of his right of choosing a member to represent friends around him. The House then the city of Edinburgh in that House was divided, when the numbers were for the not private property_it had been intrustmotion 87; against it, 76; majority for ed' by Parliament to the Town Council, ministers 11. Mr Canning, upon the de. to be exercised for the benefit of the peoclaration of the numbers, acknowledged ple; and if Parliament should find that that the majority was not such as would that right had not been exercised in the justify Ministers in persevering in the manner which had been stipulated, it was proposed arrangement. The Chancellor perfectly competent to Parliainent to withdraw that privilege, and confer it on vocate of Scotland viewed the present, not the people, for whose sole benefit it had merely as a question alone relating to previously been vested in the Town Scotland, but a British question, of maCouncil. He called the attention of the terial importance to our interests. The House to one fact, that there was no in present certainly was the first instance stance of popular representation in all Scote which he had heard of, in which it was Jand, while in England, as every Hon. attempted to be argued, that the charter Gentlemen knew, the contrary was the of a burgh was to be taken away, without case. The Scotch representatives in that any other cause being assigned than that House were, in point of fact, sent there certain persons deemed it desirable to in order to support the power and the transfer it to other hands. Let the proinfluence of the very limited number of posed change take place all over Scotland, persons by whom they were elected. The and then there would be no objection ; Honourable and Learned Gentleman con. but he did object most strongly, that cluded, by moving for leave to bring in a Edinburgh should be singled out without bill to amend and alter the representation any justification for the proceeding. Mr of the City of Edinburgh.

Canning said, he had been often accused Mr W. Dundas opposed the motion. of pertinacity in asserting that ParliamenWhat did the Honourable and Learned tary reform was not necessary; and reGentlemen call upon the House to do? sisting it, not only as transitory and evanNothing less than to overthrow and escent, but as hazarding a greater evil trample upon rights ; not rights of yes than we at present endure. So far, how. terday, but rights which had existed for ever, from viewing this measure as only ages. The Learned Gentleman had con extending to Parliamentary reform, were tended, that the prosperity of Edinburgh he an advocate for such reform, he should had not arisen from the good conduct of consent to pass it with more zeal, because the Magistrates; but that the City had he could not possibly conceive anything flourished in spite of their conduct. There mare mischievous. Let the House conhe (Mr Dundas) was at issue with him, sider whether, taking the case as applied and contended that the prosperity of Edin. to Scotland only, she has been exposed to burgh-he did not mean to confine him disadvantages in this respect, when comself merely to streets and squares, but the pared with her more wealthy neighbour. prosperity of Edinburgh, as it consisted Had it been shown that there had been in the wealth, and comfort, and flourish. aby deficiency? The wbole United ing condition of the people did arise Kingdom flourished ; Scotland also floufrom the good conduct of the Magistrates rished ; had she not kept pace with Eng. and Town Council.

land ? No man, either by ocular inspec. Mr J. P. Grant supported the motion. tion, or other means, could be ignorant Sir George Clerk opposed it, and protest of the rapid advances towards prosperity ed against any interference with the ex. which had been made in that country isting state of the representation in Scot- since the Union. With respect, there land. Sir Ronald Fergusson conceived fore, to the representation of Scotland, that the question was, whether or not the she makes good her hold (4 laugh.) members of that House were to be repre- His objection to the present motion was sentatives of the people? The Scotch its application as a single instance of remembers, he contended, did not represent form in a burgh, for the benefit and ad. the people of that country. A system vantage of being applied to the general that worked well in England could not, question of Parliamentary reform. It he thought, be unsuited to Scotland, Sir certainly was not uncustomary to bring F. Burdett supported the motion, and forward an attack on a single burgh, by earnestly called upon the Right Honourable an allegation of the prevalence of abuses; the Secretary of State for Foreigu Affairs, but it was quite new to institute a charge who had always expressed himself fa- against it, because its elective was not in vourable to the principles of philosophy, proportion to its actual population. which he truly said were the only wise Mr Hobhouse supported the motion, regulator of human conduct-he called after which. Mr Abercromby replied. upon him, in behalf of the rights of the The House then divided, for the motion enlightened city of Edinburgh: Lord A, 07; against it, 122; majority, 25 min Hamilton appealed to the Right Honour. 14. The Lord Advocate presented a able Gentleman opposite, whether it was petition from the Merchant Company of possible for him to maintain any sem. Edinburgh against the Kinghorn Ferry blance of liberal opinions, if he resisted a Bill. Ten don 2012 motion like the present. The Lord Ad.".

BRITISH CHRONICLE.

MARCH

ed the meaning of the word Music, de 14.- Deaf and Dumb Institution. fined it as being “ the language of senti. This day the annual examination of the ment, the breath of the passions." Their pupils, male and female, of the Deaf and skill in arithmetic, geography, and reli. Dumb Institution, took place in the As.' gious knowledge, were equally conspisembly Rooms, George-Street, in the pre- cuous. In every instance, indeed, they sence of a large assemblage of ladies and not only answered with accuracy, but gentlemen. The children were placed on seemed to have a full knowledge of the seats at the side of the room, erected for meaning of the different questions. The the occasion, and elevated so as to be vi. examination, under the superintendence sible to all. They were clean and neat of Mr Kenniburgh, was conducted by a in appearance, and seemed contented and young man, himself deaf and dutnb, who happy. The Right Honourable the Lord had formerly been a pupil of the Institu. Provost was in the chair ; and Dr Lee tion. The business was concluded by read a clear and luminous, though brief, Mr Kenniburgh reading specimens of Report of the proceedings of last year. In composition'executed by some of his pu. this Report, the progress, nature, object, pils. One, by a young girl, on the word and advantages of the Institution, were Adoption, was exceedingly naive and af. accurately detailed. At the last annual fecting. Another by a young man, who examination there were 69 pupils in the had left the Institution some years ago, establishment, 13 of whom had since left displayed no ordinary attainments, and it. In the month of September last 14' sufficiently controverted the assertion, new ones had been admitted, and 11 since that none of the deaf and dumb could that period, making the whole number of ever be taught to write grammatically. pupils for the last year 81-a number Upon the whole, it was exceedingly gra. greater than at any former period. "It tifying to see minds apparently shut out was mentioned, as a new trait in the In- from the common avenues to knowledge stitution, that, in addition to the usual thus brought to an equality, as it were, branches of education, some of the boys with those who laboured under no such had, at 'leisure hours, been learned to deprivations. Pesos work at different trades. There were 20. Suicide of William Pollock. A still 30 applicants, for whose admission most extraordinary circumstance took the funds were incommensurate ; and place in the jail of this city this morning. Principal Baird stated, that, from facts Pollock, the mani who was under sentence wbich he had ascertained in making in of death for the murder of his wife, and quiries on the subject, there were many who was to have suffered the last punishhundreds more in the different parishes ment of the law to-day, strangled himself throughout Scotland proper objects for in his cell with a portion of his own shirt. this Institution. The subscriptions and At eight o'clock, the upper turnkey donations last year amounted to £.757.135. visited Pollock, and cleaned his cell. but owing to the addition in the numbet The prisoner then said he felt more easy, of pupils, the purchasing of furniture, and in better spirits. When breakfast &c. thgir expenses had been proportion. was taken to hiin, about half.past nine, ably greater. The debt at the date of he was found dead, but not quite cold. last Report was £.1300, which had been He had torn out the back of his shirt, reduced £.500 in the course of the year and a strip from the side of a blanket, They were still in want of funds, and the and these he twisted into the form of a Directors looked and they were sure not small rope, and fastened to the cross-bar in vain to the liberality of the public for of a table-a piece of wood about fifteen the adequate supply. Dr Lee concluded inches long, and three-quarters of 'ant the Report by paying a high, but well-me- inch thick-which he had laid across the rited compliment to the zeal, talent, and ventilator of his cell, a small circle of assiduity of Mr Kenniburgh, the superin. eighteen inches diameter, formed in the tendent of the Institution. The pupils wall which separates the apartment from were then examined in spelling, the de. the passage. The height of this ventila. finition of words, and in arithmetic and tor is only six feet four, or thereabouts, geography. The aptness and felicity from the floor of the cell. But between with which they answered the various it and the floor is the bed a thick oak questions might have formed a fit sub plank-on which the unhappy man layject of speculation for a philosophic mind. and likewise the gaud or iron bar to One of them, a young boy, on being ask. which he was fastened. He had so ad. justed his bed-clothes, however, so as to They are calculated for smiths, weavers, entangle his feet, and prevent them reach tailors, wrights, &c. The rooms intending the ground, when he threw himself. ed for the inmates in the new building off. He had also drawn a rug between are very neat, and even elegant; and, the gaud and the ring of his fetters, to when furnished with taste, have the ap. prevent poise. Indeed, the whole cir. pearance of small drawing-rooms. The cumstances evinced a degree of determi. rent is only £.4. It is calculated that nation and deliberation that is surprising an expenditure of £.50 a-year on the new Pollock left three letters, and a scrap of plan will procure as many comforts as paper containing an inventory of his ef. £.300 on the old system. Many people fects in the jail, these he wished to be of good circumstances have engaged given to his son. The letters were all of apartments. nearly the same tenor; in them he ad. 23.- Leith MechanicsInstitution mits the guilt of suicide, but states that, This evening, an extremely numerous and he could not endure the thought of sufs, higbly-respectable meeting was held in fering on the scaffold for a crime he the Exchange Sale-Rooms, Bernard“ could not bring his mind to believe he Street, Leith, for the purpose of forming was guilty of." To Mr Young, the Go, a Mechanics' Institution there. On the vernor, he writes" Excuse this rash motion of Mr Thomas Weir, Bailie, act; when you consider all, you will see Hardie was called to the chair. Mr there is good intentions, though not tom Hardie opened the meeting by a short wards myself," Pollock has, through speech, explanatory of the object for qut the whole course of his confinement, which it had been called. After which conducted himself very quietly; but al. resolutions, ten in number, were put by ways denied the murder, and appeared different gentlemen, and unanimously rather irritated when taxed with it. He carried. . The, thanks of the meeting has been attended by the Rev. Dr Lee were then voted to the Magistrates of since his condemnation.

Leith, for their liberal donation of ten 22.- Trade during this week has not guineas to the Institution, to Mi Allar. improved. There is a general stagnation dice, who was to print 1000 copies of in business, and money appears to be the prospectus, &c, gratis, -to Dr Kelly, fully as scarce as ever. Temptations to to Mr Hedderwick, (a mechanic,) and manufacture are not wanting, as the to the Chairman, for his able conduct price of cotton yarn and the rate of wea in the Chair. The speeches delivered ving continue lower than they were on by the several gentlemen who moyed and any former occasion. · The severe stage seconded the different resolutions, were nation of trade occasioned by the re-action really excellent, and to the point. Two of the small-note-currency is now become young mechanics, named Innes and Hed. very obvious among the carriers. Many derwick, delivered speeches which would who drove two carts, and formerly were have done credit to persons in a far more certain of being fully loaded, now go and exalted sphere of life, and which were depart without a load sufficient for one. received with rapturous applause. Sube On the whole, the internal carriage is re. scription papers were opened in the duced to about a half since the com, room, and, in the course of ten minutes, mencement of the present dullness. . upwards of £,50 were subscribed. The

The Co-operative Society at Orbieston, Annual Subscription of a mechanic is to -The building is rapidly going forward; be 12s-, and the Donation of a guine and about one hundred families will be entitles any person to attendance on the accommodated by Whitsunday. The Lectures, but no part in the management. first anniversary of the proprietors will be Apprentices under 14 years are to be ad. held on the 18th instant, to mark the mitted at half-price. The management progress of the establishment. A lady of the Institution is to be in the hands of from London will superintend the fe the mechanics; but, at the same time, male children ; and a teacher has been the nomination of Extraordinary Direc. selected from Edinburgh to form the tors is to be by the members who sub. habits of the boys. A dancing master scribe, which, it is thought, will make the has also been engaged. A number of public take a more active interest in the Jabourers are at present employed in pre. welfare of the Institution. paring the land for cultivation, and as 26.- Fire. This morning, at four much produce is expected to be raised o'clock, a fire was discovered in a house, this year as will be sufficient to maintain No. 17, Warriston Crescent, possessed the new community. The applications by Mrs M Lean. Soon after the alarm from all kinds of mechanics are numerous was given, the engine stationed in Rose. and pressing; and the workshops on the Court (behind St. Andrew's Church) was banks of the Calder will be overflowed. brought out ; but was unfortunately de

layed in its progress to Warriston, in cont have now alluded to is the Media, or sequence of one of the firemen having Middle Cuttle, with a long slender cylin. been run down in Dundas-Street, and dric body, tail, finned, pointed, and cari. severely injured. . Upon the arrival of nated on each side ; two long tentacula, this engine, the fire had made considerable the body almost transparent green, but progress, the flames bursting from the convertible into a dirty brown ; confirmroof; and as there was no water towards ing the remark of Pliny, that they change the front, it was dragged into the Water their colour through fear, adapting it, of-Leith, from whence a plentiful supply cameleon-like, to that of the place they was obtained. The progress of the are in. There are eight brachia inflames, after great exertion on the part of terspersed on the interior side, with little the firernen, and the persons who had round serrated cups, by the contraction collected, were effectually arrested; but of which the animal lays fast hold of any the house in which the fire originated thing. Besides these eight arms, it has was totally destroyed, as were the upper two tentacula longer than the arms, and flats of the house adjoining, to which the frequently pedunculated. The mouth fames communicated. All the furniture, is situated in the centre of the arms, and plate, and valuable property belonging to is horny, and hooked like the bill of a Mrs M.Lean have been destroyed, and parrot. The eyes are large and smarag, three persons have been severely hurt, dine. The body is fleshy, and received one of them is in the Infirmary, and con. into a sheath as far as the breast. Their sidered in danger. Several of the Magis. food is tunnies, sprats, lobsters. &c. The trates were on the spot soon after the females are distinguished by two paps. fire began, and Lieutenants Stewart and The noise of the cuttle fish on being Cameron, with a party of policemen, dragged out of the water resembles the attended, and were very active. A great grunting of a hog. When the male is quantity of silyer plate was recovered pursued by the sea.wolf, or other ravenfrom the ruins of the house in the course ous fish, he shuns the danger by strata. of Sunday forenoon.

gem. He squirts his black liquor, some. 27. A meeting of the county of Ren times to the quantity of a dram, by frew was held at Paisley on Monday, in which the water becomes black as ink; order to adopt means for affording relief under shelter of which he baffles the pur. to the multitude of unemployed weavers suit of his enemy. This ink, or black in that town and the neighbourhood. It liquor, has been denominated by Mr Le was admitted that the distress was even Cat æthiops animal, and is reserved in a greater than in the calamitous years 1817 particular gland. In its liquid state, it and 1819. Resolutions, moved by Mr resembles that of the choroid in man, Maxwell, M.P. were agreed to, bearing and would then communicate an indelithat a general subscription be entered into ble dye. This æthiops animal, in negroes for the support of the operative classes, as well' as in the cuttle fish, is more and that the subscription be placed at abundant after death than even during the disposal of a committee, either to life. It may serve either for writing or give relief or find work, as they found it printing ; in the former of which ways expedient, and that the committee have the Romans used it. It is said to be a power to add to their numbers, and ap- principal ingredient in the composition of point sub-committees for the more effec- Indian ink, mixed with rice. tual execution of the objects of the sub

APRIL. scription. A committee was accordingly 5.-_Church Patronage. The patron "appointed, and a handsome sum was ages of West-Calder and Colinton were subscribed in the room,

exposed for sale in M'Ewan's Rooms, The late severe gales have produced a Royal Exchange; the former at the shoal of fishes of rather a novel appear. upset price of two, and the latter of three ance in this neighbourhood. The beach thousand pounds; not a single offer, how. about Newhaven and Leith is entirely ever, was obtained for either. . ") covered with them. They are looked 10. Mid. Lothian and Fife Ferries. upon by some of the superstitious in -This day a meeting of the Merchant these quarters as the harbingers of some. Company was held, to take into consider thing good or bad about to befal them. ation the bill now pending in Parliament Although these fishes are but little known for renewing and extending the powers here, yet they are not uncommon ; but of the Ferry Trustees., Archibald Anderseldom make their appearance in such son, Esq , in the absence of the Master, in myriads as at this time. It is the Sepia, the chair. Several Resolutions were or the Cuttle Fish, a genus belonging moved by Mr. Muckle, seconded by Mr to the order vermes molusca. There are D. Bridges, jun. ; which were adopted five species of them, and that which we after a few verbal alterations, Mr Thomas

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