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· availing himself of some pretext to make COLOMBIA. Letters from Bogota void an engagement he repents having bring the Colombian Minister's budget. entered into. The income for the year ending June next is estimated at 11,800,000 dollars, or £.2,600,000; the expenditure at
AFRICA. 15,500,000 dollars, or £.3,300,000. A Despatches, public and private, have new loan of £.6,500,000 is proposed, been received from Captains Clapperton partly to supply the deficiency, and part and Pearce, dated Badagry Roads, in the ly to discharge former debts ; but in the Bight of Benin, the 29th of November present state of the English money mar. last. On the evening of that day they ket, it has not the smallest chance of were to land at Badagry, where, fortubeing contracted for. The war expen nately, they found Mr Houtson, a British diture is no less than £.2,700,000, or merchant, well known in that part of the something more than the entire revenue ; country, who not only arranged for them and perhaps it is not without reason that a safe passage in palanquins through the the Colombians, who are too poor to pay King of Badagry's dominions, but agreed millions for glory, like some richer com. to accompany them to the next kingdom, munities, complain of such burdens be. Hio, or Eyo, about five days' journey of ing entailed upon them for the service 25 miles each, and there to settle a palaand benefit of other states. The Minis.
ver with the King of that country, who ter proposes various financial measures, is in constant communication with Nyffe, which are calculated to facilitate trade and other parts of Houssa. From him and increase the revenue.
they learn, that, once arrived at Hio, he BRAZILS.--The Brazilian Emperor apprehends there is little reason to fear has announced, by proclamation, that he any check to their future progress. From means to visit the province of Bahia for Hio to Tassa is about nine days' journey, a short time; and, what is still more and from Tassa to Nyffe nine days more; important, it appears that he has receive so that the whole distance from the coast ed an invitation from the Colombian Go to Nyffe is twenty-three days, or about vernment to send a Plenipotentiary to 670 miles. At Whydah they met with the Congress of American States at Pan M. de Sooza, a Portuguese ; and also nama, and has accordingly named an in. Mr James, who makes so remarkable a dividual for that mission. This fact figure in Mr Bowditch's book, who both sufficiently shews that no hostile feel recommended a visit to the King of Da. ing at present exists between the homey, as the direct road to the Sultan Brazilian and Colombian Governments. Bello's dominions was through part of If the dispute with Buenos Ayres
his; and as M. de Sooza was most inti
his; and as M. de Sooza wa should not be previously accommoda
mate with this Sovereign, he offered to ted by the intervention of Lord Pon accompany any of the gentlemen to his sonby, the Congress of Panama may be capital, Abomey, to obtain permission for probably called upon to mediate between them to pass through his territory ; for the contending parties, both of whom this purpose Doctor Dickinson was de. would find their interest rather in peace spatched with orders to join the party in than in war, of which South America the interior. They were all in the best has had quite enough. In consequence health and spirits. of the derangement in the trade of Buenos Ayres, a run had taken place on the Bank, which had been authorised by the Go.
ASIA vernment to suspend its payments. With EAST INDIES. The conferences with the view of restoring public confidence, the Burmese have ended in smoke, and the Government had set on foot a Na. the war recommenced on the 8th No. tional Bank, with which the other Bank vember, with a battle which, it is said, was to be united,
lasted three days, and occasioned a heavy HAYTI.—The American papers state loss to our army, though we were, as that Boyer, President of the Black Re. Usual, victors. It is very doubtful whether public of Hayti, has had a misunder. the Burmese had any other object in standing with the French Government as agreeing to the armistice, than to learn to the terms of the treaty recently agreed our views, and make preparations for a
our views, and make prepa upon, and which he has now refused to more vigorous campaign. The march ratify. We should not be surprised if it to Ummerapoora will now of course comturned out, that Boyer finds he has made mence, and is likely to prove no trifling a fool's bargain, in agreeing to pay an enterprise. The distance, which is about enormous sum for a barren recognition of 300 miles by the river, is not indeed a what he actually holds, and is therefore great deal, according to the Indian scale VOL. XVIII.
of marches; but the country is a laby. two-thirds or more of our army. To rinth of swamps and forests, where pro complicate still farther the difficulties of visions are scarce and fevers abound. our situation, the Rajah of Burtpore has Let us suppose, however, the journey ace taken up arms against us; and the Io. complished, and the capital in our hands, dian Government, feeling that the slightwhat next ? Ummerapoora is indeed the est failure in this quarter would be a sigresidence of the Prince, and in that re. nal for a hundred secret enemies to rise spect the capital ; but we believe it is a up in arms, has sent a force of 25,000 smaller and less important town than men to subdue this paltry Prince of three Rangoon, which, as well as many others, or four towns. the Burmese have seen fall into our hands Despatches have been received with without having their spirits broken by the the official accounts of the battles fought event. What impression then is likely in the end of November and beginning to be produced by the capture of Umme. of December. Sir A. Campbell waited rapoora ? Will the Burmese throw down some time expecting the enemy would their arms and submit ? We fear the attack him ; but finding they were too rupture of the negociation is a proof that cautious, he assumed the offensive, and they have a very different purpose. They drove them from their stockades and have felt our superiority in the field, and strong positions by a series of attacks on must be sensible of their inability to pre. the 1st and 2d of December. The Barvent our advance. The presumption is, mese force was estimated at 50,000 or therefore, that they have resolved to sa. 60,000 men. In some cases they fought crifice the capital, and retire farther into well, “ defending every tree and breast. their woods and morasses, trusting to work with determined obstinacy;" bat famine, disease, and the ruinous expense bad arms and want of discipline seem to of a war carried on in a wild country, to have crippled their efforts, and the whole rid them of the invaders. In the mean resistance made was trifting for so great time, it appears that his Celestial Majesty a force. Our army took all the eneroy's of China begins to prick up his ears at artillery, many muskets, great quantities the noise of our approach, and has ac. of stores, and the whole of their boats, tually issued a proclamation, directing 300 in number, but scarcely a single forts and towers to be erected along the prisoner, so much does the nature of the frontier, to prevent the violation of his country favour their flight. Our loss in territory by either party. At Rangoon killed and wounded is about 170. Sir A. it is said that a mutiny has broken out Campbell was to advance off Meady a among the native troops, who compose the 6th or 7th December.
· PROCEEDINGS IN PARLIAMENT.
HOUSE OF COMMONS.—March 1. to the slaves than an instantaneots Sir G. Murray brought in the Tay Sal- emancipation ? Mr Canning, in reply, mon Fisheries Bill. Mr H. Drummond admitted that Parliament was pledged to gave notice that, on Wednesday next, he the abolition of slavery, but only to its should move for leave to bring in a bill abolition by slow, gradual, cautious, and, to repeal two Scotch acts of Parliament, if possible, safe means. He was desirous relating to assault and battery. Sir R. of seeing how that pledge could be re Ferguson presented a petition from deemed without direct interference on Burntisland against any alteration of the our part. It was the intention of Govern. paper currency in Scotland.-Ordered to ment, during the next Session of the Com be printed.
lonial Legislatures, to lay before them a - ANTI-SLAVERY.
bill founded on the order of the council Mr F. Buxton then rose to present a carried into effect at Trinidad, and thus petition, signed by 72,000 inhabitants to force them to come to a decision on and residents in the city of London and the various topics which it embraced. its vicinity, and, in doing so, he would Mr Brougham concurred generally in the beg to ask the Right Honourable Gentle- sentiments of the Right Honourable man (Mr Canning) who had asserted that Gentleman (Mr Canning), and begged slavery could not be tolerated by any law, leave to pospone his notice of a motion and who, it appeared, was as anxious as which stood for Friday on that subject the warmest advocate, for its total extinc. 2.- Mr W. Dundas obtained leave to tion, he would ask him what was bring in a bill for cleansing, paving, &c meant by a gradual extinction, and the city of Edinburgh, and to alter and why it would be more advantageous amend certain clauses of the police art passed in the third year of his present more than in 1822. The motion being Majesty's reign. Mr Hume presented put and negatived, Lord Palmerston petitions from the Provost, Dean, and moved, that 87,200 men be the number Guild of the royal burgh of Montrose, of land forces for 1826. Lord Milton and from the Dean and Guild of Arbroath would object to the estimates altogether. The petitioners expressed their regret at The military spirit-the spirit of keepthe present convulsion in this country, ing up a large military force in this country, and its partial extent to Scotland. This, ought to be put down. Mr Hume had no however, they thought was not caused by hesitation to say, that the estimates for the any defect in the system of their currency, civil lists, the army and navy, should be but by the contraction which has taken revised, and reduced one-half. He conplace in that of England.—They pray cluded with moving an amendment, that that no alteration shall be made in the it was expedient to return as near and as present banking systein of Scotland. soon as possible to the establishments of Ordered to lie on the table.
1792. Lord Palmerston said, that the Mr Brougham presented a petition augmentations of the army were for colofrom the Provost, Magistrates, and inha. nial purposes exclusively. After some bitants of Haddington, praying for an remarks from Mr Robertson, the amendamelioration in the condition of the ment was negatived by a majority of 144 negroes, and for the gradual abolition of 10 45. slavery.-Ordered to lie on the table. 6.-Mr William Dundas brought in Mr Brougham presented a similar peti. the Edinburgh and Dalkeith Railway Bill. tion from nearly 17,000 of the inhabi. -Read a first time. A bill was brought tants of the city of E.dinburgh, and its in for improving the ferries between Edinneighbourhood.
burgh and Fifeshire.- Read a first time. SCOTCH BANKS.
Mr William Dundas presented a petition Mr Calcraft asked the Chancellor of from Fire Insurance Companies in Scotthe Exchequer, whether it was his inten. Jand, praying for a repeal of the duty on tion, as the One Pound-note Bill was to be insurances. Mr Hume presented a peti. read a third time on Friday next, to make tion from a parish in the county of life, any regulation in it as far as it related to praying that the House would direct an the Scotch one pound bank notes. The inquiry into the case of Mr Robert Gourbill was conclusive as far as England lay, confined for nineteen months without went, but he wished to know how Scoto trial. A desultory conversation ensued, land was to be regulated. The Chancel. in which Mr Peel said, he would imme. lor of the Exchequer said, he proposed, diately be liberated if any person, 'and in the course of the session, to bring for. perhaps the Honourable Gentleman (Mr ward a specific measure on the subject. Hume) would be that person, would
3.-Lord John Russell brought in his enter into securities for his keeping the bill for the prevention of bribery and cor. peace. Mr Hume had no objection to ruption in the election of members of enter into any security required, but the Parliament. Read a first time, and or unfortunate gentleman objected to adopt dered to be read again on Thursday. Mr that course, as he conceived it would be Denman presented a petition, signed by admitting his insanity. Here the con. 7000 persons of Nottingham, against versation dropped. Several petitions slavery. Mr Brougham moved for the against the corn laws were presented, and production of all acts of the colonial legis. Mr Hume, and Mr Calcraft, and others, latures having for their object the amelio. contended for the necessity of a free trade ration of the condition of the slaves, pass. in corn. ed since the month of May 1823. Mr ARMY AND ORDNANCE ESTIMATES. W. Horton said, that all the acts should be The House, in committee, went through laid on the table as soon as they could be the rest of the army estimates, and also printed, and every possible information part of the ordnance. Mr Hume made given. Mr Brougham then gave notice, repeated objections to the items, and dithat, on the 20th of April, he would sub vided the House upon several amendmit a motion for the improvement of the ments, but which were rejected by large condition of slaves.
majorities. The estimates were agreed ARMY ESTIMATES. On Lord Palmerston moving the 7.-Mr Monteith brought in the Glas. House to go into a committee of supply, gow Streets and Road Act Amendment Colonel Davis moved for a select com Bill.Read a first time. Sir R. Fergus. mittee to go into the whole military ex. son presented a petition from the Town penditure of the country. The expendi. Council of Dundee, against the Tay Fishture of the last year, in civil list, army, eries' Bill. Mr J. Smith presented a pe. navy, and ordnance, was £3,000,000 tition from the Town Council of Ayr, against any alteration of the Scotch cur different places in Scotland, were present. rency, particularly of the one pound notes. ed against any alteration in the currency. Mr Hume presented similar petitions
REPRESENTATION OF EDINBURGH, from Brechin and Arbroath.Ordered
Mr Abercromby presented a petition to be printed. Sir John Newport, after a few prefato.
signed by upwards of seven thousand in.
habitants of Edinburgh, praying for an ry observations, moved for “ an account
improvement in the representation of that of the application of all sums of money
city. The petition was signed by six of granted during the last session for the furtherance of education in Ireland ;"
the Town Council, who enjoyed the mowhich, after a few words from Mr Goul
nopoly of returning the member for the
city. On Thursday, 13th April, he should burn, who was ready to meet any discussion on the subject, and from Mr S. Rice
give notice of a motion on the subject.
Sir G. Clerk said, there was nothing pee and Mr Plunkett, was agreed to.
culiar in the case of Edinburgh, which, PROMISSORY NOTES BILL.
in common with many places in EngAfter a lengthened discussion, which land, returned its member by means of embraced the same observations as those its corporation. Mr Hume said, the already given, a division was called for, abuses that existed in other places was when there appeared-Ayes 180-Noes not a justification of the case of Edin9-majority 99. The bill was then burgh, where a few individuals returned passed, and ordered to be sent to the the representative, and the great body of Lords.
the people had no influence in a matter The report of the committee on the in which they were so highly interested. army estimates was then brought up, and Sir R. Pergusson said, the state of the after considerable opposition from Mr representation of Scotland was a disgrace Hobhouse and Mr Hume, which was met to the country and the age. by Lord Palmerston, recapitulating his
CRIMINAL LAWS. former statements as to the necessity of Mr Peel rose to move " that leave be keeping up the present establishment of given to bring in a bill for consolidating troops, was finally agreed to ; as was also and amending the laws as relating to the report on the ordnance estimates.
larceny, and the offences of stealing or The Leith Harbour Improvement Bill embezzling property, as well as conceal. was read a first time.
ing the same." His object in this Sir George Clerk presented a petition measure was to consolidate the laws refrom the county of Edinburgh, against garding theft, of which offence six-sevenths any alteration in the currency of Scot of persons in prison were charged on the land. Mr H. Drummond moved for average; and likewise to do away with the leave to bring in a bill to repeal two immense number of acts on the statute Scotch laws passed in the reign of James book, amounting to no less than ninetyVI., with respect to civil actions. Leave two, every material enactment of which given.
could be embraced within thirty-two MERCHANT AND FACTOR.
pages. The Right Honourable GentleMr Huskisson said, the Chancellor of the Exchequer had already stated that which was repeatedly cheered from all the Bank had agreed to make advances
parts of the House, then went into a deon goods; he now moved for leave to
tail of the measure by which he hoped to bring in a bill to make the property
remedy the existing evils. pledged with the Directors become a se STEAM NAVIGATION-SCOTLAND. curity to the Bank, although the person The Lord Advocate moved, pursuant with whom it was pledged might not be to notice, for leave to bring in a bill for the real owner at the time of making the the specific object of regulating the navi. deposit. This was strictly following the gation of steam-vessels in Scotland. Mr precedent of 1811. Mr Pearse said, he Hume thought the learned Lord was was happy to say all parties had express likely to find himself involved in great ed themselves satisfied with the accommo- difficulties in the bill be proposed to bring dation afforded by the Bank, which the in. Sir John Newport thought, that if Bank, on their part, endeavoured to make Scotland could not navigate her steam. as generally useful as possible, (hear, boats as the rest of the kingdom did, hear.) Mr Abercromby did not know with equal safety and by the same means, any act of Ministers more to be applaud. a bill should be brought in to prohibit the ed than the resistance of his Majesty's use of steam for the purposes of navigaministers to the public clamour raised tion in Scotland altogether. (A laugh.) from the issue of Exchequer bills.
Mr Secretary Canning supported the bill. 2. A great number of petitions, from Mr Hume recominended the learned
man, in a lumin
Lord to withdraw his motion. The House in and read a first time. Sir R. Fergu. then divided for the motion 70-against son brought in the Edinburgh and Leith it 26-_Majority 41. The Bank.charter Water Company's Bill. Read a first Bill was read a second time, and come time. The Inverness Gass and Water mitted for Tuesday; as was the Bank-De. Bill was brought in and read a first time, posit Bill, and committed for to-morrow. Mr V. Fitzgerald obtained leave to
10. Mr Hume presented a petition bring in a bill to incorporate a Company from the magistrates and inhabitants of for Steam Navigation between Scotland, Arbroath, praying an amendment of the Ireland, and America. corn laws, also a similar petition from
THE BUDGET. the weavers of Dundee.
The House having resolved itself into COMMITTEE OF SUPPLY
a Committee of ways and means, The Chancellor of the Exchequer The Chancellor of the Exchequer rose, moved that the House resolve itself into and observed, that the period had now a committee of supply. Mr Maberly arrived at which he had felt it his duty opposed the 'speaker leaving the chair, to submit to the House, and the country, and brought forward his promised pro. a statement of the situation of the finan. position regarding Exchequer bills, and ces of the country. In 1823, he calculated the Government connexion with the that the revenue would be £,52,200,000, Bank. He said it was his opinion that and his expectations had been realised the Government and the Bank had, by beyond the expectations of every man. the mismanagement of the funded and He proceeded to reduce taxes to the unfunded debt of the country, produced amount of £,3,000,000, calculating on a the great distress under which every class loss of one million and a-half. In 1824, now suffered. The Honourable Gentle he expected revenue to the amount of man supported his opinions at some £.51,797,000. The receipts excecded length, and moved resolutions to the such amount, notwithstanding the repeal effect, that, in January 1826, the out. of taxes. The same was the case with standing Exchequer bills amounted to the last year. For the three years he 37 millions, and that in December these had expected £.155,000,000 revenue ; it bills had been at a discount of 80s. per had been above £.156,000,000, or cent ; that Government was obliged to £.1,390,000 above his estimate, and such raise the interest to prevent farther de increase, notwithstanding the repeal of preciation, and to 'procure the Bank of £.8,000,000 taxes (Hear.) Then where England to make advances for the same had he misled the House and the counpurpose. That it would be expedient to try ?-(Cheers.) The whole amount of fund the Exchequer bills outstanding on reduction since the war, was altogether the principal amount thereof.
£.27,520,000. There had been then Mr Calcraft seconded the resolutions. relief, substantial relief, to the country
Mr Herries denied that the Govern. (Cheers.) Such a reduction could not be ment had been so improvident in the ma. otherwise than beneficial. The fact was nagement of the country's finances as the proved by the increased power of the Honourable Member would impute, in people to consume larger quantities. not funding more of the Exchequer bills. Had nothing been done then to relieve He opposed the resolutions, as they went the burthens of the people? and had not to censure the conduct of his Right Hon the increased powers of consumption nourable friend, whose statement (to be proved the improvement of the country ? made on Monday) the House ought to The expence of collecting taxes he had await before they supported the proposi. waged war against; it was £.4,300,000 tion of the Honourable Member.
odds-he had reduced it half a million ; Mr Baring, the Chancellor of the Ex. but for this he had experienced all sorts chequer, and Mr Hume, having deliver. of oppositions. It is not the easiest task ed their sentiments on the subject, Mr in the world to effect such reforms. It Maberly withdrew his motion, and the seems that the extinction of the iwo inHouse went into a Committee.
dependent Boards of Customs and Excise In answer to a question from Sir R. in Scotland, (the same course has been Wilson, Mr Canning said, that the taken with respect to Ireland,) and the French army were anxious to retire from amalgamation of them with like estabSpain ; but were prevented by the mis. lishments in England, is to be considered chievous attacks made from time to time by every true Scot as derogatory to the on the constituted authorities of the dignity of his country-an affront to nacountry.
tional pride-and, good God! that such The Edinburgh Water Company's a statement should be made, as subverBill was read a second time. The Dun- sive of all the public rights of the Scot dee and Forfar Railway Bill was brought tish nation!(Hear, hear, hear.) He