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well garrisoned. The Spaniards, though intelligent, honest, and industrious does he indifferent soldiers in the field, invariably become. We understand, that on reach. fight well when they are behind ram. ing Soccatoo, some of the party will remain parts.
to form more intimate relations with that WEST INDIES. The Barbadoes Mer. extraordinary sovereign, Sultan Bello, cury of the 28th of January states, that and endeavour to establish a safe and per. on the morning of the 25th, between ten manent communication between Soccatoo and eleven o'clock, an alarming fire broke and the coast, whilst others will visit the out in Bridge Town, which continued to Niger, trace its course, and follow it to rage with great violence until near three the sea ; with such other excursions, in the afternoon. Upwards of one hun. for the benefit of science and the exten. dred houses were burnt, and property to sion of knowledge, as circumstances may almost an incalculable amount destroyed. admit. We were favoured with the view It was not known how the fire origina. of a map, containing the late discoveries ted. A general meeting of the inhabi. of Major Denham and Captain Clapper.. tants was held on the 27th, at which a ton, from wbich it seems certain, that the committee was appointed to ascertain Niger of Joliba, passing within a short the losses of individuals, and a subscrip distance of Soccatoo, flows into the Bight tion immediately entered into, which of Benin, and, we have no doubt, forms amounted, at the termination of the Lagos, and the rivers round it. If so, meeting, to £.765, 7s. 6d.
what an important opening is made into the interior of Africa ! With the excep
tion of the rapids of Yaouree, a steamASIA. EAST INDIES.- Accounts received by
vessel may traverse this immense conti. the way of Ceylon, speak in positive
nent from the Bight of Benin to the terms of peace being concluded with the
Foulah country, a water communication Burmese. The conditions are said to be,
scarcely equalled in any other part of the that we are to retain possession of Rana
world. We were much gratified with
Captain Clapperton's account of the ex. goon, Cheduba, Arracan, and all the rest
tent and neatness of the fences and plan. of our conquests except Prome and the
tations in the interior, especially of cotton other towns on the higher parts of the
and indigo, and the care that they are Irawaddy river ; and farther, that the
kept clear of weeds. We were also struck golden monarch is to pay us a large sum
with the circumstance, that all the gold as an indemnity for the expenses of the
carried to Timbuctoo and Soccatoo is war. The letters profess to announce
brought from the west and south-west; the fact of peace being concluded on the authority of a Gazette, but it is admitted
a strong corroboration of what is always
stated by our travelling merchants, that that there is no better ground than ru.
the most productive gold mines of mour for the terms mentioned.
Western or Interior Africa are not far
from us. We wish these adventurous AFRICA.
travellers may succeed. Discoveries in Africa.(From the Sier. SANDWICH ISLANDS.-His Majes. ra Leone Gazette. His Majesty's ship ty's ship Blonde, commanded by Lord Brazen, Captain Willes, sailed on Thurs. Byron, lately arrived from the Sande day fast for the Bights of Benin and Bia- wich Islands, whither she conveyed the fra, Captains Clapperton and Pearce, with bodies of the King and Queen of those Messrs Morrison and Dickson, who came islands, with the chiefs who had accom. out in the Brazen, went down in her, and panied them to England. The Blonde will be landed at such part of the cosat left England in the Autumn of 1824; on as circumstances may render most advis- her arrival at Valparaiso, Mr Charleton, able; their object will then be to reach consul-general of the islands in the PaciSoceatoo, where Captain Clapperton resi. fic, was sent forward to Woahoo, to an, ded some time last year, when in the innounce the death of the King and Queen, terior, with Major Denham. We had and the expected arrival of the Blonde much conversation with him, and were with the bodies. It was regarded as a much gratified with his statements. They remarkable circumstance by the natives, confirm (what we are sure will be more that just previous to the period of Mr apparent the more we become acquainted Charleton's arrival at Woahoo, certain with the country) that the centre of Afri. natural phenomena such as the extraor. ca is far advanced in civilization ; that the dinary overflowing and recession of the fasther the Negro is removed from the tide, an eclipse of the moon, and so forth, baneful effects of the slave trade (the con had taken place, which impressed them tamination of the coast,) the more he is with a belief that some fatality had hapraised in the scale of humanity--the more pened to the King or Queen; similar
occurrences being observed when Tama- * neighbourhood of this way, the island is hama the First died the first sovereign in the highest state of fertility : but the who conquered all the seven islands, natives are in nearly the same state as brought them under one Government, they were when Captain Cook discovered and afterwards ceded them to Vancouver, them in 1779. An American missionary in 1794. This omen, or presentiment, had arrived there about six months since, was confirmed by Mr Charleton's arrival. whose instructions would, no doubt, When the Blonde arrived at Honoruru advance them in civilization, as those of (the anchorage of Woahoo) in May last, his brethren had the natives at Woahoo. she was, however, immediately saluted The Blonde then returned from Byron by 19 guns from the fort. The day af Bay to Woahoo, and Lord Byron took terward, Lord Byron and all his officers leave of the King, Regent, and Chiefs, had an audience of the Regent (Karaimo. and fulfilled the purpose of his visit to ku, the brother of Boki, the governor, the islands, in the highest degree satiswho came to England,) at his house, at factory to them, and beneficial to the which were delivered, in presence of all country. The kindness, grace, and atheads of the nation, the presents sent out tentions of his Lordship to the natives, in the Blonde by our King. The present we are assured, have made the most King of the island is Kankiauly, a lad favourable impression on them of the about eleven years of age, brother of Rio English character. The Blonde was Rio, who died in England. On the 230 literally laden with stock and provisions of May (four days after the arrival of the of every description by the natives, who Blonde) at eleven A. M., the bodies of the refused payment for any thing they King and Queen were landed, attended could supply the ship. The Blonde by Lord Byron and all the officers of the left Woahoo for Karakokoa Bay, where Blonde, dressed in their full uniforms. Captain Cook was unfortunately killed. On the arrival of the boats at the landing. Here Lord Byron erected a humble, point, they were placed on two funeral simple monument, to the memory of the cars, and drawn by native Chiefs (about great circumnavigator ; not on the spot 40 to each car) to the late room of au- where he was killed, as that was found dience belonging to the Prince Regent, impracticable, it being under water, but the tomb-house not being finished. Kau where his body was cut up, on the top kiauli (brother of the late King) and the of a hill, about a mile from the shore. Princess Nahienaena, were the chief The natives of the island having embraced mourners, supported by Lord Byron and Christianity, the Regent gave permission the British Consul—the numerous chiefs to Lord Byron to visit the sacred sepulchre, ofthe island, and the officers of the Blonde, and take therefrom whatever relics of forming an extensive funeral cavalcade. their former religion he wished to possess. The Blonde continued at the island about The sanctuary was filled with their gods six weeks, during which Lord Byron -“the work of men's hands"_some ma. attended the meetings of the chiefs, who nufactured of wicker-work and feathers, gravely deliberated respecting the succes. others carved of wood, with numerous sion of the young King and Princess to articles which had been made sacred, by the throne-as heretofore, might had being offered to them, in acts of gratitude, constituted right. This important mat for success in fishing, hunting, and other ter was, however, very amicably arranged, occupations of their simple life. But the the heads of the nation, and all the chiefs, article that most struck the visitors as reexpressing their earnest desire to conform markable, was an English consecrated themselves strictly to the laws of legitimacy drum. The temple was despoiled of most and consanguinity. This island is de of its former sacred treasures, which are scribed as the most fertile of all the brought to England in the Blonde. (We Sandwich Islands. The inhabitants, by understand it is intended to publish a de. a late census, amounted to 40,000. tailed account of this very interesting voye
The Blonde proceeded from Woahoo age and visit to the islands. The Blonde to visit the Isle of Owhyhee, (about three left the Sandwich Islands to proceed to days' run,) and refit there. She anchor. Otaheite, but, in consequence of the ed in one of the finest bays in the world, trade-winds, she could not fetch it by 500 (now called Byron Bay,) which Vancouver miles, and therefore made a direct course was deterred from entering by a coral for the coast of Chili, during which she rock appearing to impede the entrance, fell in with Malden's, Husbruck's, and but which actually forms its principal Parry Islands, the two former uninhabite security. It is a most safe position, and ed, and the latter only known to the inits rich and beautifully-varied scenery has habitants of Otaheite, and made a wotobtained for it the appellation of “The derful run of 4500 miles in three weeks, Eden of the Sandwich Islands.” In the and 7694 miles in 49 days.
The King of the Sandwich Islands, they gather up the bones, which they Tamahama the First, who died in 1819, convey into the interior, and lodge them had made most considerable advances in a cavity or cliff of the rocks ; these towards civilization : he had erected for spots are then tabooed, or held sacred, by the defence of his island three forts, one the erection of four poles, to go within of which mounts 42 pieces of ordnance; which is death. The only symptoms of he possessed also a considerable feet, anger any of the natives discovered towith which he had subdued the whole wards the Blonde's people, was when, group of islands, and at the time of his accidentally, one of them removed a por death was arranging an expedition for tion of one of these depositories of the the conquest of Utaheite and the other remains of mortality. The bones of the Society Islands, situate at least a thou. Royal Family, in the same manner, are sand miles from him. The simple habits collected in a temple or sepulchre, and and easy modes of living of the natives which is the only remaining building of do not prompt to much personal exertion; the former religion now on the island, they require no clothing ; and their fish, and which is situated in Karakakoa Bay. which is abundant, with the tarra-root, The bow, arrow, slings, and clubs of the which grows spontaneously, afford them deceased Kings and chief warriors are also a gratuitous, constant, and plentiful sub deposited with their remains. sistence. It has never until now been The dagger with which Captain Cook ascertained with certainty how they dis was killed is in the possession of a litera. posed of their dead. It appears that this ry gentleman of the Blonde, who has colduty of concealment devolves upon the lected many new, interesting, and curious next of kin, who buries the body in the particulars, relative to his death, and of middle of the night following their death; the past history of these interesting isl. and when the flesh has been consumed, anders.
PROCEEDINGS IN PARLIAMENT.
HOUSE OF LORDS.--March 1.-The zeal and sincerity, and he hoped, that Royal assent was given by commission to the colonial legislature would, without the Transfer in Aids Bill, and the Ex. compulsion, follow up the great object. chequer Bills Bill. The Commissioners His Royal Highness then presented pea were, the Lord Chancellor, the Earl of titions against the continuance of slavery Shaftesbury, and Lord Viscount Melville. from the Chancellor, masters, and scho. A person presented a copy of the Charters lars of Cambridge, and from 12,000 in, granted to the Banks in Scotland. Lord habitants of London. . Viscount Melville presented a petition CONFERENCE WITH THE COMMONS. from Edinburgh against any alteration The message from the Commons, being made in the banking system in brought up by Mr Canning, requested a Scotland. Laid on the table.-Adjourned. conference with the Lords on matters
2.-Several private Bills passed through chiefly connected with the interests of their respective stages, and there being the West-India colonies. On the motion no public business, their Lordships ad of the Earl of Shaftesbury, the conference journed at five o'clock.
was agreed to in the painted chamber • 3.-Lord Melville presented a petition forthwith. Among those appointed were from the Chamber of Commerce of Edin. Lord Bathurst, the Marquis of Lans. burgh, against any change in the bank downe, Lord Grosvenor, the Duke of ing system of Scotland. A variety of Gloucester, the Earl of Liverpool, and petitions were presented against slavery. the Bishop of London. The Lords ha. Lord King, after expressing the strong ving returned from the conference, with opinion that the corn-laws were founded the resolution agreed to by the House of in gross injustice, presented a petition Commons last night, the concurrence of from the weavers and artisans of Man. the House was desired. On the motion chester, to the numberof 40,000, for a of Lord Bathurst, the resolution was orrepeal of the Corn Bill. Lord Lau. dered to be printed, and taken into con. derdale presented petitions from the sideration on Tuesday next. Magistrates, &c. of the county of The Duke of Gloucester then presented Forfar, against any interference with the petitions from Aberdeen, Buckingham, banking system of Scotland. The Duke Montrose, and Belhaven, for the aboliof Gloucester expressed the great satis. tion of slavery. Lord Rosebery prefaction with which he had heard of the sented a petition for the abolition of sla. determination of Ministers on the sub. very from the inhabitants of Edinburgh, ject of slavery; he firmly relied on their which his Lordship prefaced, by obsery. ing, that it was signed by nearly 17,000 taken place in the colonies. Those im. inhabitants, and was agreed to at the provements were in a progressive state. most numerous and as respectable a The Noble Lord proceeded to descant meeting as was ever held. It spoke the upon the different topics connected with sentiments of the great mass of the po. the subject, and to point out the various pulation of the enlightened city whence ameliorations the slaves enjoyed in the it came. His Lordship presented simi. different islands Religious instruction lar petitions from the town and county by the Moravians, and other persuasions, of Banff and Haddington. Another had been afforded with the most benefipetition was presented from Norfolk ; to cial results. The Noble Lord then stated the same effect, by Lord Suffolk, signed the different regulations founded on the by more than 17,000 individuals. His resolutions to which the attention of the Lordship represented, that, on private different colonies would be called, and ob information, Ministers had been induced served, that between and the next Session to postpone for a year any fresh regula. time would be given to ascertain how far tions. Other petitions of the same kind they were practicable. The Noble Earl were presented from Birmingham and then moved that the resolutions be agreed Lisburn, which were read, and laid on to. Lord Calthorpe followed the Noble the table. .
Lord in the various statements which had - Adjourned till Monday
been made, and forcibly insisted on the • 6.-Lord Lauderdale presented peti great advantages which would accrue to tions from the merchants, &c. of Ayr, the slaves, as well as to the masters, from from the Magistrates and Council of the a religious education; and observed, that same place ; from the Provost, &c. of it was our duty to put an end to the sys. Elgin; from the Provost, &c. of Banff; tem of slavery by fair means. The Earl from the Provost, &c. of Macduff; a- of Liverpool argued, that by their adop. gainst any change in the banking system tion of the resolutions, the House would of Scotland. Lord Kingston presented approach the object, in a desire to attain a petition in favour of the Roman Catho- to which they were all unanimous the lic claims, from the nobility, gentry, &c. abolition of slavery, by the safest, least of the county of Cork. Lord Melville invidious, and most certain path. The presented petitions from the Magistrates, Duke of Gloucester lamented that the re&c. of Forfar, Peebles, Tain, and Kil. solutions had not been earlier communi. marnock, against changing the banking cated; but recommended that they should system of Scotland. Earl Grey presented now be unanimously adopted. The Lord à petition from North Shields, for the Chancellor supported the resolutions; he abolition of slavery ; also petitions from defended the use of the word “ expediHalifax, Ripton Bridge, Somerby, and ency,” to describe the ground upon which Towarden, with the same prayer.
Parliament should pledge itself; because .. Lord Boringdon laid on the table a the use of any stronger term would be an petition to the same effect, from Ply unoalled-for imputation upon the many mouth. A message was sent to the great statesmen, divines, and legislators Commons for a copy of the fourth report of former timnes, who had either actively of the committee on the state of Ireland promoted or assented to the slave system. Adjourned.
Lord Redesdale followed to the same pur. 7.-The Duke of Atholl presented a pose. The Bishop of Bath and Wells petition from Perth against any altera declared unequivocally his opinion that tion in the Scotch banking system the continuance of slavery was irreconLaid on the table. The Earl of Glas. cileable to the Christian religion. The gow presented a petition from Ayr to the Bishop of Ferns concurred in the doctrine same effect. Laid on the table. Earl of his right reverend brother ; he explain Grosvenor presented a petition from the ed, that the absence of petitions from Irecounty of Suffolk against any alteration and against slavery arose from the fact, in the corn laws,
that that kingdom was never disgraced SLAVE-TRADE.
by the traffic in slaves, and mentioned • Several petitions were presented from the interesting circumstance which had various places praying the abolition of preserved his country from that stain. slavery.
After some observations by Lord Suffield, The resolutions brought up from the and Lord Bathurst, the resolutions were Commons being then read,
then put and agreed to. Earl Bathurst rose to submit a motion The South-American Treaties Bill pass. on the subject. The Noble Earl began ed through a committee. The Earl of by observing, that two years since he had Shaftesbury presented a petition from the the satisfaction of communicating to the Chamber of Commerce of Glasgow, House the improvements which had against any alteration in the currency of Scotland.Ordered to lie on the table.- measure during the present Session ; time The House adjourned at a quarter to ten was necessary, that the subject might un. o'clock.
dergo farther consideration. Lord Vis8.Lord Stowell presented several count Melville acquiesced, and moved petitions from different hundreds in the that the bill be read a second time this county of Bedford, against any alteration day six months, (which is a virtual with. in the corn-laws. Mr Brogden and drawal of the bill). others, from the Commons, brought up Earl Grey presented petitions from the Promissory Notes' Bill. Mr Chalmer different Presbyterian churches in Silverpresented at the Bar the 6th and 7th-re. Street, Newcastle-upon-Tyne, and from port of the Commissioners for improving various other places, praying the abolition the communication between Edinburgh of slavery.-Adjourned. and Fife. Earl Bathurst moved that a 13.-The Duke of Athol presented a conference be held with the Commons on petition from Perth, against any alteration the subject of the abolition of slavery. in the banking system of Scotland. The The Duke of Gloucester, Earl Bathurst, Duke of Gloucester presented a petition Earl of Shaftesbury, and several other from Surrey, against negro slavery, and Noble Lords, repaired forthwith to the the Bishop of Litchfield presented a petipainted chamber : in a short time they tion from Newport, to the same effect. returned, and the Duke of Gloucester in. Lord Lauderdale presented petitions from formed their Lordships that they had Berwick, Montrose, and Arbroath, against communicated to the Commons the result any alteration in the banking system of of their Lordships' proceedings on this Scotland, and also a petition from Are subject. On the motion of the Earl of broath, praying for an alteration of the Liverpool, the Promissory Notes' Bill was corn-laws. The Noble Earl said he read a first time, and the second reading disagreed with the prayer of the latter pe. fixed for Monday next.-Adjourned. i tition. Lord Melville presented petitions
9, The Earl of Kingston presented a from the Corporation of Edinburgh, from petition from some Protestants of Clan. Wigton, Dundee, and Lanark, against gibbon, the Noble Earl's estate, in favour any alteration in the banking system. of Catholic emancipation. The Earl of The bills before the House went through Darnley took the opportunity to remark their different stages, and the House ade upon what he called an inconsistency in journed. the conduct of the Protestant Dissenters, A message from the Commons brought who, he said, opposed the emancipation up the Scotch Jurors' Bill, and various of the Roman Catholics of Ireland, and private bills. Several petitions were pre urged the emancipation of the negroes of sented against any alteration of the the West Indies with equal zeal. Lord Scotch banking system. A great many King presented a petition against the corn. more petitions were presented from diflaws, from the carpenters and joiners of ferent places against slavery. The MarLondon, and spoke with great severity of quis of Lansdowne moved for various re. the impolicy and injustice of the laws in turns of the exports and imports with Inquestion. The Earls of Carnarvon and dia. Trade and population were increasDarnley defended the corn-laws, and re. ing to a great extent. No fewer than prehended Lord King's coarse habitual 2289 vessels hsd entered the port of Sinstyle of speaking of the landed interest. capor within the last three years. The Earl of Kingston moved for a com. Agreed to. The Earl of Limerick premittee upon the state of the Irish Church, sented a petition from the Chamber of but afterwards withdrew his motion. Commerce in Limerick, against the ProAdjourned.
missory Notes' Bill. 10. The Duke of Athol presented a PROMISSORY NOTES' BILL. petition from the guildry of Perth, against The Earl of Liverpool rose to move any alteration in the banking system in the second reading of the Promissory Scotland. Lord Glasgow presented a pe. Notes' Bill, He thought it unnecessary tition from the Magistrates, householders, to go into any detail-if any objections and others of Beith, in Ayrshire, to the were taken to it, he should be ready to same effect.
- state his sentiments upon it. The Noble CLERKS TO THE SIGNET.
Earl said, he would on Friday move for Lord Viscount Melville, after a few re. a committee to inquire into the banking marks to the purport that he had great system of Scotland and Ireland, and then doubts respecting it, introduced a bill to moved the second reading of the bill. incorporate the clerks to writers to the The Earl of Carnarvon objected to the signet in Scotland, and moved that it be bill, contending that, with a debt like that read a first time. The Lord Chancellor of Great Britain, a paper currency, foundsaid it would be hazardous to press thised on a metallic standard, was preferable VOL. XVIII.