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occurrences being observed when Tama- neighbourhood of this lay, the island is hama the First died—the first sovereign in the highest state of fertility : but the who conquered all the seven islands, natives are in nearly the same state as brought them under one Government, they were when Captain Cook discovered and afterwards ceded them to Vancouver, them in 1779. An American missionary in 1794. This omen, or presentiment, had arrived there about six months since, was confirmed by Mr Charleton's arrival. whose instructions would, no doubt, When the Blonde arrived at Houoruru advance them in civilization, as those of (the anchorage of Woahoo) in May last, his brethren had the natives at Woahoo. she was, however, immediately saluted The Blonde then returned from Byron by 19 guns from the fort. The day af. Bay to Woahoo, and Lord Byron took terward, Lord Byron and all his officers leave of the King, Regent, and Chiefs, had an audience of the Regent (Karaimo. and fulfilled the purpose of his visit to ku, the brother of Boki, the governor, the islands, in the highest degree satiswho came to England,) at his house, at factory to them, and beneficial to the which were delivered, in presence of all country. The kindness, grace, and atheads of the nation, the presents sent out tentions of his Lordship to the natives, in the Blonde by our King. The present we are assured, have made the most King of the island is Kaukiauly, a lad favourable impression on them of the about eleven years of age, brother of Rio English character. The Blonde was Rio, who died in England. On the 23d literally laden with stock and provisions of May (four days after the arrival of the of every description by the natives, who Blonde) at eleven A. M., the bodies of the refused payment for any thing they King and Queen were landed, attended could supply the ship. The Blonde by Lord Byron and all the officers of the left Woahoo for Karakokoa Bay, where Blonde, dressed in their full uniforms. Captain Cook was unfortunately killed. On the arrival of the boats at the landing. Here Lord Byron erected a humble, point, they were placed on two funeral simple monument, to the memory of the cars, and drawn by native Chiefs (about great circumnavigator : not on the spot 40 to each car) to the late room of au. where he was killed, as that was found dience belonging to the Prince Regent, impracticable, it being under water, but the tomb-house not being finished. Kau. where his body was cut up, on the top kiauli (brother of the late King) and the of a hill, about a mile from the shore. Princess Nahienaena, were the chief The natives of the island having embraced mourners, supported by Lord Byron and Christianity, the Regent gave permission the British Consul—the numerous chiefs to Lord Byron to visit the sacred sepulchre, ofthe island, and the officers of the Blonde, and take therefrom whatever relics of forming an extensive funeral cavalcade their former religion he wished to possess. The Blonde continued at the island about The sanctuary was filled with their gods six weeks, during which Lord Byron -“the work of men's hands”-some maattended the meetings of the chiefs, who nufactured of wicker-work and feathers, gravely deliberated respecting the succes. others carved of wood, with numerous sion of the young King and Princess to articles which had been made sacred, by the throne-as heretofore, might had being offered to them, in acts of gratitude, constituted right. This important mat- for success in fishing, hunting, and other ter was, however, very amicably arranged, occupations of their simple life. But the the heads of the nation, and all the chiefs, article that most struck the visitors as re. expressing their earnest desire to conform markable, was an English consecrated themselves strictly to the laws:of legitimacy drum. The temple was despoiled of most and consanguinity. This island is de of its former sacred treasures, which are scribed as the most fertile of all the brought to England in the Blonde. (We Sandwich Islands. The inhabitants, by understand it is intended to publish a de. a late census, amounted to 40,000. tailed account of this very interesting voye
The Blonde proceeded from Woahoo age and visit to the islands.) The Blonde to visit the Isle of Owhyhee, (about three left the Sandwich Islands to proceed to days' run,) and refit there. She anchor. Otaheite, but, in consequence of the ed in one of the finest bays in the world, trade-winds, she could not fetch it by 500 (now called Byron Bay,) which Vancouver miles, and therefore made a direct course was deterred from entering by a coral for the coast of Chili, during which she rock appearing to impede the entrance, fell in with Malden's, Husbruck's, and but which actually forms its principal Parry Islands, the two former uninhabite security. It is a most safe position, and ed, and the latter only known to the inits rich and beautifully-varied scenery has habitants of Otaheite, and made a wote obtained for it the appellation of " The derful run of 4.500 miles in three weeks, Eden of the Sandwich Islands.” In the and 7694 miles in 49 days.
The King of the Sandwich Islands, they gather up the bones, which they Tamahama the First, who died in 1819, convey into the interior, and lodge them had made most considerable advances in a cavity or cliff of the rocks; these towards civilization : he had erected for spots are then tabooed, or held sacred, by the defence of his island three forts, one the erection of four poles, to go within of which mounts 42 pieces of ordnance; which is death. The only symptoms of he possessed also a considerable feet, anger any of the natives discovered to. with which he had subdued the whole wards the Blonde's people, was when, group of islands, and at the time of his accidentally, one of them removed a por. death was arranging an expedition for tion of one of these depositories of the the conquest of Otaheite and the other remains of mortality. The bones of the Society Islands, situate at least a thou. Royal Family, in the same manner, are sand miles from him. The simple habits collected in a temple or sepulchre, and and easy modes of living of the natives which is the only remaining building of do not prompt to much personal exertion; the former religion now on the island, they require no clothing ; and their fish, and which is situated in Karakakoa Bay. which is abundant, with the tarra-root, The bow, arrow, slings, and clubs of the which grows spontaneously, afford them deceased Kings and chief warriors are also a gratuitous, constant, and plentiful sub- deposited with their remains. sistence. It has never until now been The dagger with which Captain Cook ascertained with certainty how they dis- was killed is in the possession of a litera. posed of their dead. It appears that this ry gentleman of the Blonde, who has cole duty of concealment devolves upon the lected many new, interesting, and curious next of kin, who buries the body in the particulars, relative to his death, and of middle of the night following their death; the past history of these interesting island when the flesh has been consumed, anders.
PROCEEDINGS IN PARLIAMENT. HOUSE OF LORDS.—March 1.-The zeal and sincerity, and he hoped, that Royal assent was given by commission to the colonial legislature would, without the Transfer in Aids Bill, and the Ex. compulsion, follow up the great object, chequer Bills Bill.
The Commissioners His Royal Highness then presented pe. were, the Lord Chancellor, the Earl of titions against the continuance of slavery. Shaftesbury, and Lord Viscount Melville. from the Chancellor, masters, and scho. A person presented a copy of the Charters lars of Cambridge, and from 72,000 ing granted to the Banks in Scotland. Lord habitants of London. Viscount Melville presented a petition CONFERENCE WITH THE COMMONS. from Edinburgh against any alteration The message from the Commons, being made in the banking system in brought up by Mr Canning, requested a Scotland. Laid on the table.- Adjourned. conference with the Lords on matters
2.-Several private Bills passed through chiefly connected with the interests of their respective stages, and there being the West-India colonies. On the motion no public business, their Lordships ad- of the Earl of Shaftesbury, the conference journed at five o'clock.
was agreed to in the painted chamber 3.-Lord Melville presented a petition forthwith. Among those appointed were from the Chamber of Commerce of Edin. Lord Bathurst, the Marquis of Lans. burgh, against any change in the bank downe, Lord Grosvenor, the Duke of ing system of Scotland. A variety of Gloucester, the Earl of Liverpool, and petitions were presented against slavery. the Bishop of London. The Lords ha
Lord King, after expressing the strong ving returned from the conference, with opinion that the corn-laws were founded the resolution agreed to by the House of in gross injustice, presented a petition Commons last night, the concurrence of from the weavers and artisans of Man. the House was desired. On the motion chester, to the numberof 40,000, for a of Lord Bathurst, the resolution was orrepeal of the Corn Bill. Lord Lau. dered to be printed, and taken into con. derdale presented petitions from the sideration on Tuesday next. Magistrates, &c. of the county of The Duke of Gloucester then presented Forfar, against any interference with the petitions from Aberdeen, Buckingham, banking system of Scotland. The Duke Montrose, and Belhaven, for the aboli. of Gloucester expressed the great satis. tion of slavery. Lord Rosebery pre. faction with which he had heard of the sented a petition for the abolition of sla. determination of Ministers on the sub. very from the inhabitants of Edinburgh, ject of slavery ; he firmly relied on their which his Lordship prefaced, by obsery. ing, that it was signed by nearly 17,000 taken place in the colonies. Those im. inhabitants, and was agreed to at the provements were in a progressive state. most numerous and as respectable a The Noble Lord proceeded to descant meeting as was ever held. It spoke the upon the different topics connected with sentiments of the great mass of the po. the subject, and to point out the various pulation of the enlightened city whence ameliorations the slaves enjoyed in the it came. His Lordship presented simi- different islands Religious instruction lar petitions from the town and county by the Moravians, and other persuasions, of Banff and Haddington. Another had been afforded with the most benefipetition was presented from Norfolk ; to cial results. The Noble Lord then stated the same effect, by Lord Suffolk, signed the different regulations founded on the by more than 17,000 individuals. His resolutions to which the attention of the Lordship represented, that, on private different colonies would be called, and obinformation, Ministers had been induced served, that between and the next Session to postpone for a year any fresh regula. time would be given to ascertain how fat tions. Other petitions of the same kind they were practicable. The Noble Earl were presented from Birmingham and then moved that the resolutions be agreed Lisburn, which were read, and laid on to. Lord Calthorpe followed the Noble the table.
Lord in the various statements which had Adjourned till Monday.
been made, and forcibly insisted on the 6.- Lord Lauderdale presented peti- great advantages which would accrue to tions from the merchants, &c. of Ayr, the slaves, as well as to the masters, from from the Magistrates and Council of the a religious education; and observed, that same place ; from the Provost, &c. of it was our duty to put an end to the sys. Elgin ; from the Provost, &c. of Banff; tem of slavery by fair means. The Earl from the Provost, &c. of Macduff; a. of Liverpool argued, that by their adop. gainst any change in the banking system tion of the resolutions, the House would of Scotland. Lord Kingston presented approach the object, in a desire to attain a petition in favour of the Roman Catho. to which they were all unanimous- the lic claims, from the nobility, gentry, &c. abolition of slavery, by the safest, least of the county of Cork. Lord Melville invidious, and most certain path. The presented petitions from the Magistrates, Duke of Gloucester lamented that the re&c. of Forfar, Peebles, Tain, and Kil. solutions had not been earlier communimarnock, against changing the banking cated; but recommended that they should system of Scotland. Earl Grey presented now be unanimously adopted. The Lord à petition from North Shields, for the Chancellor supported the resolutions; he abolition of slavery ; also petitions from defended the use of the word " expediHalifax, Ripton Bridge, Somerby, and ency," to describe the ground upon which Towarden, with the same prayer. Parliament should pledge itself ; because • Lord Boringdon laid on the table a the use of any stronger term would be an petition to the same effect, from Ply- uncalled-for imputation upon the many mouth. A message was sent to the great statesmen, divines, and legislators Commons for a copy of the fourth report of former timnes, who had either actively of the committee on the state of Ireland. promoted or assented to the slave system. Adjourned.
Lord Redesdale followed to the same pur. 7.The Duke of Atholl presented a pose. The Bishop of Bath and Wells petition from Perth against any altera declared unequivocally his opinion that tion in the Scotch banking system the continuance of slavery was irreconLaid on the table. The Earl of Glas. cileable to the Christian religion. The gow presented a petition from Ayr to the Bishop of Ferns concurred in the doctrine same effect. Laid on the table. Earl of his right reverend brother; he explainGrosvenor presented a petition from the ed, that the absence of petitions from Irecounty of Suffolk against any alteration land against slavery arose from the fact, in the corn laws.
that that kingdom was never disgraced SLAVE-TRADE
by the traffic in slaves, and mentioned Several petitions were presented from the interesting circumstance which had various places praying the abolition of preserved his country from that stain. slavery.
After some observations by Lord Suffield, The resolutions brought up from the and Lord Bathurst, the resolutions were Commons being then read,
then put and agreed to. Earl Bathurst rose to submit a motion The South-American Treaties Bill pass on the subject. The Noble Earl began ed through a committee. The Earl of by observing, that two years since he had Shaftesbury presented a petition from the the satisfuction of communicating to the Chamber of Commerce of Glasgow, House the improvements which had against any alteration in the currency of Scotland.-Ordered to lie on the table.- measure during the present Session ; time The House adjourned at a quarter to ten was necessary, that the subject might un. o'clock.
dergo farther consideration. Lord Vis. 8.-Lord Stowell presented several count Melville acquiesced, and moved petitions from different hundreds in the that the bill be read a second time this county of Bedford, against any alteration day six months, (which is a virtual with. in the corn-laws. Mr Brogden and drawal of the bill). others, from the Commons, brought up Earl Grey presented petitions from the Promissory Notes' Bill. Mr Chalmer different Presbyterian churches in Silverpresented at the Bar the 6th and 7th-re. Street, Newcastle-upon-Tyne, and from port of the Commissioners for improving various other places, praying the abolition the communication between Edinburgh of slavery.-Adjourned. and Fife. Earl Bathurst moved that a 13.- The Duke of Athol presented a conference be held with the Commons on petition from Perth, against any alteration the subject of the abolition of slavery. in the banking system of Scotland. The The Duke of Gloucester, Earl Bathurst, Duke of Gloucester presented a petition Earl of Shaftesbury, and several other from Surrey, against negro slavery, and Noble Lords, repaired forthwith to the the Bishop of Litchfield presented a petipainted chamber : in a short time they tion from Newport, to the same effect. returned, and the Duke of Gloucester in. Lord Lauderdale presented petitions from formed their Lordships that they had Berwick, Montrose, and Arbroath, against communicated to the Commons the result any alteration in the banking system of of their Lordships' proceedings on this Scotland, and also a petition from Ar• subject. On the motion of the Earl of broath, praying for an alteration of the Liverpool, the Promissory Notes' Bill was corn-laws. The Noble Earl said he jead a first time, and the second reading disagreed with the prayer of the latter pe. fixed for Monday next.-Adjourned. tition. Lord Melville presented petitions
9, The Earl of Kingston presented a from the Corporation of Edinburgh, from petition from some Protestants of Clan. Wigton, Dundee, and Lanark, against gibbon, the Noble Earl's estate, in favour any alteration in the banking system. of Catholic emancipation. The Earl of The bills before the House went through Darnley took the opportunity to remark their different stages, and the House ad. upon what he called an inconsistency in journed. the conduct of the Protestant Dissenters, A message from the Commons brought who, he said, opposed the emancipation up the Scotch Jurors' Bill, and various of the Roman Catholics of Ireland, and private bills. Several petitions were pre urged the emancipation of the negroes of sented against any alteration of the the West-Indies with equal zeal. Lord Scotch banking system. A great many King presented a petition against the corn. more petitions were presented from diflaws, from the carpenters and joiners offerent places against slavery. The MarLondon, and spoke with great severity of quis of Lansdowne moved for various re the impolicy and injustice of the laws in turns of the exports and imports with Inquestion. The Earls of Carnarvon and dia. Trade and population were increasDarnley defended the corn-laws, and re. ing to a great extent. No fewer than prehended Lord King's coarse habitual 2289 vessels hsd entered the port of Sin. style of speaking of the landed interest. capor within the last three years.The Earl of Kingston moved for a com. Agreed to. The Earl of Limerick premittee upon the state of the Irish Church, sented a petition from the Chamber of but afterwards withdrew his motion. Commerce in Limerick, against the ProAdjourned.
missory Notes' Bill. 10.The Duke of Athol presented à PROMISSORY NOTES' BILL. petition from the guildry of Perth, against The Earl of Liverpool rose to move any alteration in the banking system in the second reading of the Promissory Scotland. Lord Glasgow presented a pe. Notes' Bill, He thought it unnecessary tition from the Magistrates, householders, to go into any detail—if any objections and others of Beith, in Ayrshire, to the were taken to it, he should be ready to same effect.
state his sentiments upon it. The Noble CLERKS TO THE SIGNET.
Earl said, he would on Friday move for Lord Viscount Melville, after a few re- a committee to inquire into the banking marks to the purport that he had great system of Scotland and Ireland, and then doubts respecting it, introduced a bill to moved the second reading of the bill. incorporate the clerks to writers to the The Earl of Carnarvon objected to the signet in Scotland, and moved that it be bill, contending that, with a debt like that read a first time. The Lord Chancellor of Great Britain, a paper currency, foundsaid it would be hazardous to press this ed on a metallic standard, was preferable VOL. XVIII.
to a currency of gold and silver, and thought it would have been much better moved, as an amendment, “ that the se. if the Noble Lord had at once come for. cond reading, instead of taking place that ward with his bill. He wished to know evening, should be postponed till that day what had alarmed the Noble Lord ? Hadi six months."
the Noble Lord been alarmed by Malachi After a few observations from Lord Malagrowther? How was confidence Darnley, and the Earl of Liverpool, in to be restored while these small notes support of the measure; and from the were allowed to be in circulation ? What Earl of Lauderdale on the superiority of was the situation of the poor man? The the banking system of Scotland, the Earl of Liverpool said, the opposition of amendment was negatived without a divi- the Noble Lord was rather of an extraorsion, and the bill was read a second time. dinary nature. When the recent mea.
A message from the Commons, by Mr sures were introduced, a question was pat Brogden and others, brought up the Mu. to him whether it was intended to extend tiny and Desertion Bill, the Marine Mu. those measures to Ireland and Scotland; tiny Bill, the Bank Advances Bill, and he then said he thought it would be ei. some private bills. Lord Suffield presented pedient to adopt similar measures both as a petition from the united magistracy of respected Ireland and Scotland, but with. the county of Norfolk against the game out giving an opinion as to the time laws.--Laid on the table. The Promis- With regard to Scotland, it certainly did sory Notes' Bill went through a commit- appear that an opinion prevailed against tee without opposition ; the report was any measures being adopted with regard brought up and received, and the third to that country, and many petitions had reading ordered for Friday. After some been presented to the House. It was routine business, their Lordships adjourn. therefore thought decorous to the opinions ed.
entertained in Scotland, to propose a com. 16.— The Marquis of Hantly presented mittee of inquiry, but that Government a petition from Aberdeen, praying that had not altered their views of the subject, no alteration be made in the banking for no circumstances whatever had come system of Scotland. The Noble Marquis before them to induce them to do so. He presented petitions, having the same ob- thought a committee the best course that jeçt, from Inverness and Banff. Vis- could be adopted. He should follow up count Melville presented a petition from the motion, by moving that the petitions the Magistrates and Town Council presented on this subject be referred to of Pittenweem, against any alteration in the committee. the banking system, and one from In. The Earl of Aberdeen did not approre verary against slavery. The Marquis of of the present proceeding. There existed Lansdowne presented a petition from the no ground whatever for it. It had been Chamber of Commerce of Manchester thought proper to adopt a measure as apagainst the usury laws, the operation plicable to England, but as regarded which, in the opinion of the petitioners, Scotland there was no call for any inter. had greatly aggravated the distress which ference with the banks in that country. had prevailed in the mercantile world.- Lord Viscount Melville observed, tha: Laid on the Table. The Promissory the Noble Earl who spoke last was mis Notes' Bill was read a third time, and taken in the view he took of the subject. passed. The Scotch Juries, the Lunatic Nothing was more reasonable, under exAsylum, and the Irish Improvements’ Bill, isting circumstances, than to refer the went through committees, and were re- subject to a committee to report thereon ported. The Mutiny Bill, and the Bank That report would come fairly before Advances Bill, were read a second time. their Lordships for their consideration Several private bills, brought up from the and decision. The Earl of Limerick Commons, were read a third time ; after perfectly agreed with the Noble Led which, the House adjourned.
(Aberdeen). The same remarks whida 17.-Lord Melville presented a petition applied to Scotland would apply to Ire from the inhabitants of Edinburgh, a. land. The Earl of Lauderdale was at a gainst slavery. The Earl of Lauderdale loss to know how any man could mainpresented a petition from Pollockshaws, tain that the present measure would e. in Scotland, praying for a revision of the tablish confidence. The Noble Lord en corn-laws.
tered into various particulars, showing SCOTCH BANKING SYSTEM. that the banking system in Scotland The Earl of Liverpool, pursuant to or- ought not, under existing circumstances der, moved for a select committee to in- to be interfered with. The Earl of Liver quire into the state of the banking sys. pool said, England and Scotland were so tem in Scotland and Ireland. The Earl closely united, that the present measure of Grosvenor opposed the motion. He was quite warranted. The Bank of Seot