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and distress, and her, to the wants life, and along

the naked, feed the hungry, and shelter the orphan and fatherless, seemed to constitute the pleasure and happiness of her life, and the cause was only extinct with her breath. Her acts of charity and benevolence, which were not local, but extended to the abodes of distress wherever they were, will long be remembered with grateful emotions, especially by those who shared her bounty. The remains were brought from Orrard to Pitfour on Saturday, and the funeral took place on Tuesday. The tenantry, and others from the neighbourhood, to show the deep sorrow they felt for the loss of so amiable and useful a lady, assembled to pay their last tribute of gratitude to the memory of one whose tender and generous heart was ever open to the cry of misery and distress, and whose bountiful hand was ever ready to administer, to the wants of the suffering, the necessaries and comforts of life, and along with these the use of medical aid when necessary.

Aug. 5. At Dumfries, Mr James Dinniston, late merchant there.

- At Mary's Cottage, Trinity, Mrs J. Linning. 6. At Tynéfield, William Hunter, Esq.

7. Mrs Jessie Hamilton, wife of John Glassford, Hopkirk, Esq. W. S., in the 28th year of her age.

9. At Bath, Major-General William Augustine Prevost, C. B. son of the late Major-General, and brother of the late Lieutenant-General Sir George Prevost, Bart.

- At Juniper Green, Colinton, Lieut. Henry Rymer, R. N.

10. In Lauriston Lane, Edinburgh, Francis, the only son of Leonard Horner, Esq.

- At Glasgow, Mrs Powleti, the widow of Lieutenant-Colonel Horatio Armand Powlett, in her 86th year.

- At Corphill, in the 64th year of his age, Law. rence Robertson, Esq. of Cornhill, late Provost of Perth.

11. At Edinburgh, Maria Jane Craigie, eldest daughter of Captain Edmund Craigie, of the Hon. East India Company's service.

- At Aberdeen, in the 22d year of her age, Jane Allan Kidd, daughter of the Rev. Dr Kidd.

12. At Rothesay, at an advanced age, the Rev. James Ramsay, formerly minister of the gospel in Glasgow

13. In Upper Gower-Street, London, Lucy Elizabeth, wife of Lord Maurice Drummond.

- At Clifton, Lieut. John Bushnan, R. N., aged 28. He sailed with Captains Ross and Parry in the three north-west expeditions, and was attached to the overland expedition destined for Behring's Straits, under Captain Franklin.

14. Xt Glasgow, Dr William Buchanan, late Surgeon of the 82d regiment of foot.

- At Edinburgh, Mrs Jean Lawton, widow of Edward Lawton, Esq. of the island of Jamaica

- At his house, Dean Bank, Captain James Matthew.

15. At Edinburgh, the Rev. James Duguid, third son of the Rev. John Duguid, minister of Evie and Rendal, Orkney, aged 27

- At Glasgow, in the 28th year of his age, Mr John Johnston, formerly midshipman on board H. M. S. Royal Oak, 74 guns, Admiral Sir Pultney Malcolm, and, at the period of his decease, agent for the Forth and Clyde Canal Company.

Aug. 16. At Sandwich, Mr Frend, landlord of the Mermaid inn. The deceased, with several young men, a few days back, were enjoying themselves in a field running, when a blade of grass by some means cut his foot, and the wound gradually getting worse, caused his speedy dissolution.

16. At Newtown, Paisley, at an advanced age, Miss Mary Rainy.

- At Arbroath, in the 58th year of his age, the Rev. John Cruikshanks, pastor of the Scots Episcopal Church there.

- Ai Edinburgh, Mr James Richardson, surgeon and druggist. ° 17. At Leith, Peter F. Hay, son of Mr John Hay, ship-owner.

- At Inverness, Mrs Sirella M'Iver, relict of the late Rev. Murdoch M'Iver, minister of Lochalsh.

- At Meadowsale, near Strathaven, James Millar, Esq. advocate.

Al Rockhill, Argyllshire, Mrs M‘Lachlan, sen. of M'Lachlan, in the 91st year of her age.

18. At Glasgow, Lieutenant James Joseph Gor. don, R. N. aged 4! years, only son of Captain Gordon, late of Gordon Bank.

- Mrs Heugh, relict of John Heugh of Cartcows, Esq.

- At Cupar, Mr Peter Morgan, Supervisor of Excise.

19. In the 28th year of her age, Susanna Davidson, wife of William Kirkaldy, Esq. merchant in Dundee.

- At Edinburgh, William Calder, Esq. late Lord Provost of that city, much and deeply re. gretted.

At the Bridge of Allan, near Stirling, Mrs Ann Thomson, second daughter of the late Alex, Thomson, tobacconist, Edinburgh, and spouse of Robert Rankin, some time general agent, Katharine-Street, there.

20. At Dalnaspidal, Blair Atholl, Lieut-Colonel George Johnston, brother to the Right Hon. Lady Gray.

- At London, Thomas Trevor Hampden, Viscount Hampden and Baron Trevor of Bromhamn

- At Eden, Mrs Grant Duff, relict of the late John Grant, Esq. of Kincardine O'Neil.

- At Edinburgh, Mr Daniel Miller, late of the Excise.

22. At Inverleith Mains, Mr George Lauder, farmer. • 23. At Stranraer, James Mackay, Esq. merchant, Glasgow, in the 60th year of his age.

Lately. At Tewkesbury, a few days since, Thomas Tippen, a Chelsea, pensioner, in his 100th year. The veteran enjoyed his faculties in tolerable perfection until a very short period before his death. He entered the ariny in his 23 year, and served as a private in the 20th regiment at the memorable battle of Minden, as well as in five other general actions on the continent.

- At Okegem, near Ninove, in the Netherlands, a woman named Marie De Brakeleer, aged 103. She possessed her intellectual faculties to the last, and her hair was long, black, and thick.

- On board his Majesty's ship Owen Glendower, on his passage home from the coast of Africa, Mr Thos. Thomson, youngest son of the Rev. George Thomson, minister of Melrose.

J. Ruthven & Son, Printers.






The Scots Magazine.

APRIL 1826.


PAGE Recent Discoveries in Africa, comoon 385 | Meg Dods' Cookery gawinowroom 468 Nancy Grieve...morosamararanemonoro 401 Lion Hunting.com .waw.com 471 The Hill of the Minstrels ; an Ana

cient Legend of Auvergne and LITERARY INTELLIGENCE.

Provence, marammaninaivaanisosomware 402 The Life and Adventures, and Se. Works preparing for Publicationgon 473

rious Remonstrances, of a Guinea Monthly List of New Publications, 474

Notegnomonmanossinnarmannasamon 413
Woman's Smilemmamomom.com 428 MONTHLY REGISTER.
The Guillotine ; or, the Execution
of Charlotte Corday,mwww o.o.ro 429

Foreign Intelligencegmorow.comanas
The Omen, w aaroor omwe.com 433

Proceedings in Parliament,morom.ro 487 No; I'll not stayganana............... 445 British Chroniclegamanancarreranno 496 Notices of the System of Education Appointments, Promotions, &c.cinon 500

Pursued in the University of Markets,moram o commaw.504 Edinburgh, with various hints for Meteorological Table, .......... 505

its Improvementgraananananatamannana 446 Agricultural Reportgaunand more intens ib. Morningsmannasandannato possimusina461 Course of Exchangemansimamistarinn 506 The Art of Visiting gamocenomanoramina 462 Prices of Edinburgh StockSyamimi. ib. Madame de Genlis' Estimate of the Bankruptsgaviravinainen sariawowowow 507

Intellect of Women, moo n ra 465 Births, Marriages, Deaths,.wccomcom 509

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*** The Correspondents of the EDINBURGH MAGAZINE and LITERARY MISCELLANY are respectfully requested to transmit their Communications for the Editor to ARCHIBALD CONSTABLE & COMPANY, Edinburgh, or to Hurst, ROBINSON, & COMPANY, London ; to whom also orders for the Work should be addressed.

Printed by J. Ruthven & Spn,





APRIL 1826.

RECENT DISCOVERIES IN AFRICA*. The geography of great part of the the wide and dreary desert, is al. extensive continent of Africa, it must most inconceivable; they die by hunbe confessed, after all the labour and dreds, and the road is in many places danger which have been encountered whitened with their bones. to clear it up, still remains envelope But our knowledge of the interior ed in doubts and obscurity. Large of Central Africa is in a state of tracts of the coasts of this the most much greater imperfection than our miserable region of the earth have knowledge of its coasts. Many trabeen but partially and hastily sur. vellers, who have attempted to peneveyed. Africa has few attractions to trate far into the interior, have not draw European traders to her shores ; survived to communicate their disshe is so little advanced in civiliza- coveries; while of those who have, tion and the arts, that she has no- like the authors of the present volume, thing to offer to the merchant except returned to tell their tales of wonder, a few raw materials. And well it the tract of country surveyed by them would have been for her, and well has been, comparatively speaking, would it have been for the fame and limited. The obstructions of every honour of European nations, if they kind, both physical, from the nature had confined their intercourse with of the climate and country, and moral, Africa to this paltry traffic. But their arising from the savage manners of visitations have been a curse and a the people and their governments, scourge to ber: they have been greatly have been so many and so great, that the cause of perpetuating, and render much yet remains to be done before ing still more intolerable, the savage we can fill up the immense chasm barbarities of her ruthless tribes. We that remains in the map of Central have repeated proofs in the volume Africa. There is not a journey un. before us that the slave-trade is one dertaken that does not entirely alter great means of keeping alive perpen all the former maps, either by distual feuds and predatory wars among placing kingdoms and towns from the the different nations of Africa. They situation which we have been accusa go to war for the purpose of getting tomed to assign to them, or by slaves to sell to the Moors, or to the adding others not known before-or agents of European merchants on the by displacing lakes and rivers whose coasts; and the misery and suffere existence rested on fabulous or misining inflicted on the unfortunate terpreted information or by adding victims, while they are driven over features of nature unknown before.

"Recent discoveries in Africa, made in the years 1822-23-24, by Major Denham, Captain Clapperton, R. N. and the late Dr Oudney ; extending across the Great Desert to the tenth degree of northern latitude, and from Kouka in Bornou to Sackatno, the capital of the Felatah Empire. London, 1826. VOL. XVIII.

3 C

Thus our travellers have discovered on an attempt to pass from Tripoli to an immense lake, called Lake Tchad, Timbuctoo, pretty nearly by the 200 miles long and 150 broad, on same route as that which Major the very spot where, according to Laing is now pursuing; and it being Arrowsmith's map, the swamp or intended that researches should be morass of Wangara is laid down, made from Bornou, as the fixed which is made to swallow up the far- residence of the Consul, to the east rolling waters of the Niger. This and west, Major Denham's name Lake Tchad was surveyed accurately, was added to the expedition, and he but no such river, nor indeed any joined them at Tripoli. river of very considerable magnitude, The volume before us communi. was found to empty itself into it. cates the result of the researches of

The accounts of travellers on whose these enterprising travellers. They ex. relations trust can be reposed, and perienced, as is usual with travellers who report what they have witness in these countries, many delays be ed in a quarter of the earth so little fore getting fairly on their journey. known and frequented, cannot fail to Dr Oudney and Captain Clapperton be full of interest. We have, indeed, were kept waiting at Mourzuk, a been favoured with several accounts most unhealthy situation, until within the last thirty years, but a Major Denham returned to Tripoli, great part of the tract gone over by to urge the Bashaw to expedition. Major Denham and his companions The journey occupied nearly a year was ground previously untrodden by after leaving Tripoli before they arany European foot. Horneman had rived at Kouka, the chief city of gone over part of the journey, but Bornou : it is usually performed in his papers never were transmitted to three months. Kouka was the head this country. The accounts given in quarters of the expedition, and dithis volume of Bornou and of Sous verging from it, various excursions dan, and the surrounding districts, were made into the surrounding kingintroduce us to a country and to a doms. Major Denham accompanied a people of whom before we had no ac- slave-hunting expedition into the counts worthy of the least reliance. kingdom of Begbarmi, about 300 * On the death of Mr Ritchie at miles to the south. He also performMourzuk, and the return of Cap- ed another journey about 200 miles tain Lyon, our Consul at Tripoli to the eastward; and Dr Oudney and having represented to Earl Bathurst Captain Clapperton performed a jourthe expediency of keeping up a good ney from Mourzuk to Ghraut. They understanding with the powers in also set out from Kouka on another the interior of Africa, and that the to Sackatoo, the capital of Soudan, road from Tripoli to Bornou was on which journey Dr Oudney died. as safe and open as tbe road from The narratives of all these various Edinburgh to London, it was re- journeys is given in this volume, solved to send out a mission to that from which a mass of most interest quarter. The information of the ing and authentic information is to be Consul was found by our travellers gathered, as to the habits and manto be perfectly correct, and it has ners of the tribes inhabiting the difalso been verified by subsequent tra- ferent kingdoms visited. A number yellers. Dr Oudney, a naval sure of well-executed plates, from dras. geon from this city, was strongly re, ings made on the spot, tend very commended by Dr Jamieson to the much to increase the liveliness of notice of Government as a person our ideas, as to the nature of the well qualified to undertake a journey country and its inhabitants; though of this nature, and he was appointed they augment, to a most unattainable to proceed, in the capacity of Consul, beight, the cost of the book. An ape to Bornou. He was allowed to pendix, containing documents of the take with him, as a friend and commost curious kind, closes the volume. panion, Lieutenant Clapperton, pro- Some of these documents exhibit a moted to Captain since his return. degree of shrewdness and accuracy Captain Denham (promoted also to a in the management of business that Majority since his return) had about we did not expect to find among this time volunteered his services such a savage race.

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